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Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598550/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mistimed-and-unwanted-pregnancy-among-adult-women
#1
Bethany G Everett, Katharine F McCabe, Tonda L Hughes
CONTEXT: Many sexual minority women, regardless of sexual identity, engage in heterosexual behavior across the life course, which provides them opportunities to experience an unintended pregnancy. In addition, sexual minority women are more likely than others to report characteristics that may make them vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Little research, however, has examined whether the risk of unintended pregnancy is elevated among these women. METHODS: Using data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth, logistic regression models were fitted to examine sexual orientation disparities in mistimed and unwanted pregnancies among 9,807 women aged 20-45; mixed-effects hazard models assessed disparities in the intention status of 5,238 pregnancies among these women by maternal sexual orientation...
June 9, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514522/use-of-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-women-with-physical-or-sensory-disabilities
#2
Justine P Wu, Kimberly S McKee, Michael M McKee, Michelle A Meade, Melissa A Plegue, Ananda Sen
CONTEXT: Women with disabilities experience a higher rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes than women without disabilities. Preventing or delaying pregnancy when that is the best choice for a woman is a critical strategy to reducing pregnancy-related disparities, yet little is known about current contraceptive use among women with disabilities. METHODS: A cohort of 545 reproductive-age women with physical disabilities (i.e., difficulty walking, climbing, dressing or bathing) or sensory disabilities (i...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475825/the-link-between-reproductive-life-plan-assessment-and-provision-of-preconception-care-at-publicly-funded-health-centers
#3
Cheryl L Robbins, Loretta Gavin, Marion W Carter, Susan B Moskosky
CONTEXT: Federal and clinical guidelines recommend integrating reproductive life plan assessments into routine family planning encounters to increase provision of preconception care. Yet, the prevalence of clinical protocols and of relevant practices at publicly funded health centers is unknown. METHODS: Administrators and providers at a nationally representative sample of publicly funded health centers that provide family planning services were surveyed in 2013-2014; data from 1,039 linked pairs were used to explore the reported prevalence of reproductive life plan protocols, frequent assessment of patients' reproductive life plan and frequent provision of preconception care...
May 5, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453924/correlates-of-common-mental-disorders-among-dutch-women-who-have-had-an-abortion-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#4
Jenneke van Ditzhuijzen, Margreet Ten Have, Ron de Graaf, Carolus H C J van Nijnatten, Wilma A M Vollebergh
CONTEXT: Credible research has not found any evidence that abortion causes mental disorders. It is not known, however, whether abortion-specific risk indicators and other variables are associated with the incidence or recurrence of mental disorders after abortion. METHODS: As part of a prospective cohort study conducted in the Netherlands, 325 women were interviewed between April 2010 and January 2011, between 20 and 40 days after having an abortion; 264 were followed up an average of 2...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445624/the-role-of-publicly-funded-family-planning-sites-in-health-insurance-enrollment
#5
Jennifer Yarger, Sara Daniel, M Antonia Biggs, Jan Malvin, Claire D Brindis
CONTEXT: Publicly funded family planning providers are well positioned to help uninsured individuals learn about health insurance coverage options and effectively navigate the enrollment process. Understanding how these providers are engaged in enrollment assistance and the challenges they face in providing assistance is important for maximizing their role in health insurance outreach and enrollment. METHODS: In 2014, some 684 sites participating in California's family planning program were surveyed about their involvement in helping clients enroll in health insurance...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394463/barriers-to-abortion-care-and-their-consequences-for-patients-traveling-for-services-qualitative-findings-from-two-states
#7
Jenna Jerman, Lori Frohwirth, Megan L Kavanaugh, Nakeisha Blades
CONTEXT: Abortion availability and accessibility vary by state. Especially in areas where services are restricted or limited, some women travel to obtain abortion services in other states. Little is known about the experience of travel to obtain abortion. METHODS: In January and February 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with 29 patients seeking abortion services at six facilities in Michigan and New Mexico. Eligible women were 18 or older, spoke English, and had traveled either across state lines or more than 100 miles within the state...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301095/associations-of-partner-age-gap-at-sexual-debut-with-teenage-parenthood-and-lifetime-number-of-partners
#8
Saba W Masho, Gregory J Chambers, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Jacquelyn L Ferrance
CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut and age gap between partners at debut are modifiable characteristics that may be related to risky sexual behaviors. Understanding any such relationships is a necessary first step toward strengthening risk interventions. METHODS: Age at sexual debut and partner age gap were examined for 3,154 female and 2,713 male respondents to the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth who first had intercourse before age 18. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations between these measures and teenage parenthood and reporting a high lifetime number of partners (i...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272840/implementation-of-a-family-planning-clinic-based-partner-violence-and-reproductive-coercion-intervention-provider-and-patient-perspectives
#9
Elizabeth Miller, Heather L McCauley, Michele R Decker, Rebecca Levenson, Sarah Zelazny, Kelley A Jones, Heather Anderson, Jay G Silverman
CONTEXT: Despite multiple calls for clinic-based services to identify and support women victimized by partner violence, screening remains uncommon in family planning clinics. Furthermore, traditional screening, based on disclosure of violence, may miss women who fear reporting their experiences. Strategies that are sensitive to the signs, symptoms and impact of trauma require exploration. METHODS: In 2011, as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial, staff at 11 Pennsylvania family planning clinics were trained to offer a trauma-informed intervention addressing intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion to all women seeking care, regardless of exposure to violence...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419700/pregnancy-ambivalence-and-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-larc-use-among-young-adult-women-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jenny A Higgins
CONTEXT: Many young adults are unclear about how much they want to have, or prevent having, a baby. However, pregnancy ambivalence is an underexamined factor in the uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods-IUDs and implants-the most effective methods available. METHODS: In 2014, investigators conducted six focus groups and 12 interviews with 50 women aged 18-29 in Dane County, Wisconsin; participants were either university students or community residents receiving public assistance...
April 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253427/sexual-initiation-patterns-of-u-s-sexual-minority-youth-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
Shoshana K Goldberg, Carolyn T Halpern
CONTEXT: The typical understanding of sexual debut as first vaginal intercourse is often irrelevant to sexual minority youth. Better understanding of sexual initiation patterns among these youth is necessary to inform efforts to safeguard their sexual and reproductive health. METHODS: Early sexual experiences were examined among 1,628 female and 526 male sexual minority participants in Waves 1 (1994-1995) and 4 (2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
March 2, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245088/contraceptive-failure-in-the-united-states-estimates-from-the-2006-2010-national-survey-of-family-growth
#12
Aparna Sundaram, Barbara Vaughan, Kathryn Kost, Akinrinola Bankole, Lawrence Finer, Susheela Singh, James Trussell
CONTEXT: Contraceptive failure rates measure a woman's probability of becoming pregnant while using a contraceptive. Information about these rates enables couples to make informed contraceptive choices. Failure rates were last estimated for 2002, and social and economic changes that have occurred since then necessitate a reestimation. METHODS: To estimate failure rates for the most commonly used reversible methods in the United States, data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth were used; some 15,728 contraceptive use intervals, contributed by 6,683 women, were analyzed...
March 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094905/abortion-incidence-and-service-availability-in-the-united-states-2014
#13
Rachel K Jones, Jenna Jerman
CONTEXT: National and state-level information about abortion incidence can help inform policies and programs intended to reduce levels of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: In 2015-2016, all U.S. facilities known or expected to have provided abortion services in 2013 or 2014 were surveyed. Data on the number of abortions were combined with population data to estimate national and state-level abortion rates. The number of abortion-providing facilities and changes since a similar 2011 survey were also assessed...
March 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802365/correlates-of-young-men-s-intention-to-discuss-birth-control-with-female-partners
#14
N Tatiana Masters, Diane M Morrison, Katherine Querna, Erin A Casey, Blair Beadnell
CONTEXT: Heterosexually active men who wish to prevent conception, but are not willing to use condoms consistently, need to discuss birth control with female partners. Improving the understanding of correlates of men's intention to have such discussions is one step toward supporting this health-facilitating behavior. METHODS: A sample of 372 heterosexually active men aged 18-25 were recruited and surveyed online between December 2010 and June 2011. Men answered questions on attitudes toward, norms regarding and self-efficacy about discussing birth control, and about endorsement of two sexual scripts...
March 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245073/measuring-pregnancy-intention-the-complexity-of-comparison
#15
LETTER
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222240/a-computerized-family-planning-counseling-aid-a%C3%A2-pilot%C3%A2-study-evaluation-of-smart-choices
#16
Helen P Koo, Ellen K Wilson, Alexandra M Minnis
CONTEXT: Resource constraints may make it challenging for family planning clinics to provide comprehensive contraceptive counseling; technological tools that help providers follow recommended practices without straining resources merit evaluation. METHODS: A pilot study using a two-group, posttest-only experimental design evaluated Smart Choices, a computer-based tool designed to help providers offer more patient-centered counseling and enable patients to participate proactively in the counseling session...
February 21, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984674/abortion-stigma-among-low-income-women-obtaining-abortions-in-western-pennsylvania-a-qualitative-assessment
#17
Amanda Gelman, Elian A Rosenfeld, Cara Nikolajski, Lori R Freedman, Julia R Steinberg, Sonya Borrero
CONTEXT: Abortion stigma may cause psychological distress in women who are considering having an abortion or have had one. This phenomenon has been relatively underexplored in low-income women, who may already be at an increased risk for poor abortion-related outcomes because of difficulties accessing timely and safe abortion services. METHODS: A qualitative study conducted between 2010 and 2013 used semistructured interviews to explore pregnancy intentions among low-income women recruited from six reproductive health clinics in Western Pennsylvania...
December 16, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992706/teenage-pregnancy-risk-and-timing-differ-by-sexual-orientation
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992705/room-for-improvement-remains-in-quality-and-scope-of-u-s-publicly-funded-family-planning-services
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992703/finnish-study-finds-no-associations-between-early-abortion-and-adverse-outcomes-in-young-adulthood
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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