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Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140582/abortion-knowledge-and-experiences-among-u-s-servicewomen-a-qualitative-study
#1
Kate Grindlay, Jane W Seymour, Laura Fix, Sarah Reiger, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Daniel Grossman
CONTEXT: U.S. servicewomen have a higher rate of unintended pregnancy than civilian women, yet the military does not provide or cover abortion, except in limited circumstances. Servicewomen's experiences with abortion care have received little research attention. METHODS: Twenty-one in-depth interviews with servicewomen who had had an abortion during active-duty service in the prior two years were conducted between January 2015 and July 2016. Women reported on their experiences accessing abortion, as well as their knowledge and opinions of the military's abortion policy...
November 15, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125692/does-contraceptive-use-in-the-united-states-meet-global-goals
#2
Brittni N Frederiksen, Katherine A Ahrens, Susan Moskosky, Loretta Gavin
CONTEXT: The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) seek to achieve health equity, and they apply to all countries. SDG contraceptive use estimates for the United States are needed to contextualize U.S. performance in relation to that of other countries. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 waves of the National Survey of Family Growth were used to calculate three SDG indicators of contraceptive use for U.S. women aged 15-44: contraceptive prevalence, unmet need for family planning and demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods...
November 10, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120532/sexual-orientation-concordance-and-un-happiness-about-births
#3
Caroline Sten Hartnett, Lisa Lindley, Katrina M Walsemann, Daniela V Negraia
CONTEXT: A woman's happiness about a pregnancy and birth has implications for her child's health and her own well-being. Sexual orientation and, particularly, the extent of concordance across its dimensions (sexual identity, behavior and attraction) may be related to happiness about these events, but research on this relationship has been lacking. METHODS: Data on 5,744 pregnancies ending in births among women aged 15-44 in three waves of the National Survey of Family Growth (2006-2015) were examined...
November 9, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072826/college-students-sexual-consent-communication-and-perceptions-of-sexual-double-standards-a-qualitative-investigation
#4
Kristen N Jozkowski, Tiffany L Marcantonio, Mary E Hunt
CONTEXT: Affirmative consent standards adopted by colleges and universities are meant to decrease miscommunication that may lead to sexual assault. However, they may not take into account sociocultural factors that influence consent. In particular, the role of gender norms needs to be better understood. METHODS: In-depth interviews about college students' sexual activity, including sexual consent communication, were conducted with 17 female and 13 male students at a large southern university during the spring 2013 semester...
October 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024351/what-are-women-told-when-requesting-family-planning-services-at-clinics-associated-with-catholic-hospitals-a-mystery-caller-study
#5
Maryam Guiahi, Stephanie B Teal, Maryke Swartz, Sandy Huynh, Georgia Schiller, Jeanelle Sheeder
CONTEXT: Catholic Church directives restrict family planning service provision at Catholic health care institutions. It is unclear whether obstetrics and gynecology clinics that are owned by or have business affiliations with Catholic hospitals offer family planning appointments. METHODS: Mystery callers phoned 144 clinics nationwide that were found on Catholic hospital websites between December 2014 and February 2016, and requested appointments for birth control generally, copper IUD services specifically, tubal ligation and abortion...
October 12, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902977/contraceptive-sterilization-introducing-a-couple-perspective-to-examine-sociodemographic-differences-in-use
#6
Mieke C W Eeckhaut
CONTEXT: Most studies of contraceptive use have relied solely on the woman's perspective, but because men's attitudes and preferences are also important, analytic approaches based on couples should also be explored. METHODS: Data from the 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 rounds of the National Survey of Family Growth yielded a sample of 4,591 men and women who were married or cohabiting with an opposite-sex partner and who had completed their intended childbearing. Respondents' reports of both their own and their partners' characteristics and behaviors were employed in two sets of analyses examining educational and racial and ethnic differences in contraceptive use: an individualistic approach (using multinomial logistic regression) and a couple approach (using multinomial logistic diagonal reference models)...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758709/american-indian-and-alaska-native-men-s-use-of-sexual-health-services-2006-2010
#7
Megan A Cahn, S Marie Harvey, Matthew A Town
CONTEXT: American Indian and Alaska Native men experience poorer sexual health than white men. Barriers related to their sex and racial identity may prevent them from seeking care; however, little is known about this population's use of sexual health services. METHODS: Sexual health service usage was examined among 923 American Indian and Alaska Native men and 5,322 white men aged 15-44 who participated in the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth. Logistic regression models explored differences in service use by race and examined correlates of use among American Indians and Alaska Natives...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598550/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mistimed-and-unwanted-pregnancy-among-adult-women
#8
Bethany G Everett, Katharine F McCabe, Tonda L Hughes
CONTEXT: Many sexual minority women, regardless of sexual identity, engage in heterosexual behavior across the life course, which provides them opportunities to experience an unintended pregnancy. In addition, sexual minority women are more likely than others to report characteristics that may make them vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Little research, however, has examined whether the risk of unintended pregnancy is elevated among these women. METHODS: Using data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth, logistic regression models were fitted to examine sexual orientation disparities in mistimed and unwanted pregnancies among 9,807 women aged 20-45; mixed-effects hazard models assessed disparities in the intention status of 5,238 pregnancies among these women by maternal sexual orientation...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514522/use-of-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-women-with-physical-or-sensory-disabilities
#9
Justine P Wu, Kimberly S McKee, Michael M McKee, Michelle A Meade, Melissa A Plegue, Ananda Sen
CONTEXT: Women with disabilities experience a higher rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes than women without disabilities. Preventing or delaying pregnancy when that is the best choice for a woman is a critical strategy to reducing pregnancy-related disparities, yet little is known about current contraceptive use among women with disabilities. METHODS: A cohort of 545 reproductive-age women with physical disabilities (i.e., difficulty walking, climbing, dressing or bathing) or sensory disabilities (i...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475825/the-link-between-reproductive-life-plan-assessment-and-provision-of-preconception-care-at-publicly-funded-health-centers
#10
Cheryl L Robbins, Loretta Gavin, Marion W Carter, Susan B Moskosky
CONTEXT: Federal and clinical guidelines recommend integrating reproductive life plan assessments into routine family planning encounters to increase provision of preconception care. Yet, the prevalence of clinical protocols and of relevant practices at publicly funded health centers is unknown. METHODS: Administrators and providers at a nationally representative sample of publicly funded health centers that provide family planning services were surveyed in 2013-2014; data from 1,039 linked pairs were used to explore the reported prevalence of reproductive life plan protocols, frequent assessment of patients' reproductive life plan and frequent provision of preconception care...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419700/pregnancy-ambivalence-and-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-larc-use-among-young-adult-women-a-qualitative-study
#11
Jenny A Higgins
CONTEXT: Many young adults are unclear about how much they want to have, or prevent having, a baby. However, pregnancy ambivalence is an underexamined factor in the uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods-IUDs and implants-the most effective methods available. METHODS: In 2014, investigators conducted six focus groups and 12 interviews with 50 women aged 18-29 in Dane County, Wisconsin; participants were either university students or community residents receiving public assistance...
September 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453924/correlates-of-common-mental-disorders-among-dutch-women-who-have-had-an-abortion-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#12
Jenneke van Ditzhuijzen, Margreet Ten Have, Ron de Graaf, Carolus H C J van Nijnatten, Wilma A M Vollebergh
CONTEXT: Credible research has not found any evidence that abortion causes mental disorders. It is not known, however, whether abortion-specific risk indicators and other variables are associated with the incidence or recurrence of mental disorders after abortion. METHODS: As part of a prospective cohort study conducted in the Netherlands, 325 women were interviewed between April 2010 and January 2011, between 20 and 40 days after having an abortion; 264 were followed up an average of 2...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445624/the-role-of-publicly-funded-family-planning-sites-in-health-insurance-enrollment
#13
Jennifer Yarger, Sara Daniel, M Antonia Biggs, Jan Malvin, Claire D Brindis
CONTEXT: Publicly funded family planning providers are well positioned to help uninsured individuals learn about health insurance coverage options and effectively navigate the enrollment process. Understanding how these providers are engaged in enrollment assistance and the challenges they face in providing assistance is important for maximizing their role in health insurance outreach and enrollment. METHODS: In 2014, some 684 sites participating in California's family planning program were surveyed about their involvement in helping clients enroll in health insurance...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394463/barriers-to-abortion-care-and-their-consequences-for-patients-traveling-for-services-qualitative-findings-from-two-states
#15
Jenna Jerman, Lori Frohwirth, Megan L Kavanaugh, Nakeisha Blades
CONTEXT: Abortion availability and accessibility vary by state. Especially in areas where services are restricted or limited, some women travel to obtain abortion services in other states. Little is known about the experience of travel to obtain abortion. METHODS: In January and February 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with 29 patients seeking abortion services at six facilities in Michigan and New Mexico. Eligible women were 18 or older, spoke English, and had traveled either across state lines or more than 100 miles within the state...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301095/associations-of-partner-age-gap-at-sexual-debut-with-teenage-parenthood-and-lifetime-number-of-partners
#16
Saba W Masho, Gregory J Chambers, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Jacquelyn L Ferrance
CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut and age gap between partners at debut are modifiable characteristics that may be related to risky sexual behaviors. Understanding any such relationships is a necessary first step toward strengthening risk interventions. METHODS: Age at sexual debut and partner age gap were examined for 3,154 female and 2,713 male respondents to the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth who first had intercourse before age 18. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations between these measures and teenage parenthood and reporting a high lifetime number of partners (i...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272840/implementation-of-a-family-planning-clinic-based-partner-violence-and-reproductive-coercion-intervention-provider-and-patient-perspectives
#17
Elizabeth Miller, Heather L McCauley, Michele R Decker, Rebecca Levenson, Sarah Zelazny, Kelley A Jones, Heather Anderson, Jay G Silverman
CONTEXT: Despite multiple calls for clinic-based services to identify and support women victimized by partner violence, screening remains uncommon in family planning clinics. Furthermore, traditional screening, based on disclosure of violence, may miss women who fear reporting their experiences. Strategies that are sensitive to the signs, symptoms and impact of trauma require exploration. METHODS: In 2011, as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial, staff at 11 Pennsylvania family planning clinics were trained to offer a trauma-informed intervention addressing intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion to all women seeking care, regardless of exposure to violence...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253427/sexual-initiation-patterns-of-u-s-sexual-minority-youth-a-latent-class-analysis
#18
Shoshana K Goldberg, Carolyn T Halpern
CONTEXT: The typical understanding of sexual debut as first vaginal intercourse is often irrelevant to sexual minority youth. Better understanding of sexual initiation patterns among these youth is necessary to inform efforts to safeguard their sexual and reproductive health. METHODS: Early sexual experiences were examined among 1,628 female and 526 male sexual minority participants in Waves 1 (1994-1995) and 4 (2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
March 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245088/contraceptive-failure-in-the-united-states-estimates-from-the-2006-2010-national-survey-of-family-growth
#19
Aparna Sundaram, Barbara Vaughan, Kathryn Kost, Akinrinola Bankole, Lawrence Finer, Susheela Singh, James Trussell
CONTEXT: Contraceptive failure rates measure a woman's probability of becoming pregnant while using a contraceptive. Information about these rates enables couples to make informed contraceptive choices. Failure rates were last estimated for 2002, and social and economic changes that have occurred since then necessitate a reestimation. METHODS: To estimate failure rates for the most commonly used reversible methods in the United States, data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth were used; some 15,728 contraceptive use intervals, contributed by 6,683 women, were analyzed...
March 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222240/a-computerized-family-planning-counseling-aid-a%C3%A2-pilot%C3%A2-study-evaluation-of-smart-choices
#20
Helen P Koo, Ellen K Wilson, Alexandra M Minnis
CONTEXT: Resource constraints may make it challenging for family planning clinics to provide comprehensive contraceptive counseling; technological tools that help providers follow recommended practices without straining resources merit evaluation. METHODS: A pilot study using a two-group, posttest-only experimental design evaluated Smart Choices, a computer-based tool designed to help providers offer more patient-centered counseling and enable patients to participate proactively in the counseling session...
March 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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