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International Journal of Audiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318958/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-anterior-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#1
Xia Ling, Kang-Zhi Li, Bo Shen, Li-Hong Si, Yuan Hong, Xu Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of anterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (AC-BPPV). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical data regarding the diagnosis and treatment of patients with AC-BPPV. STUDY SAMPLE: Six patients with AC-BPPV. RESULTS: All patients underwent the Dix-Hallpike test and/or the straight head-hanging test to induce vertigo and down-beating nystagmus with or without torsional components...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318941/the-world-health-organization-s-hearing-impairment-grading-system-an-evaluation-for-unaided-communication-in-age-related-hearing-loss
#2
Larry E Humes
This review evaluated the data from five datasets having pure-tone thresholds and functional measures of speech communication from relatively large groups of older adults to evaluate the validity of the proposed new World Health Organisation (WHO) hearing-impairment grading system, referred to here as WHO-proposed. This was a review of studies identified from the literature having both pure-tone audiometry and functional measures of speech communication from relatively large samples of older adults. Three population or population-sample datasets and two clinical datasets were identified with access provided to de-identified data for five of these six studies...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295559/losing-silence-gaining-acceptance-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-role-of-thoughts-in-adult-patients-with-subjective-tinnitus
#3
Helen Pryce, Katie Chilvers
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is one of the most common somatic symptoms to affect humanity. Prevalence rates in adult populations range from 8.2 to 20.1%. Our aim was to understand the beliefs and interpretations of tinnitus and the experience of living with it. DESIGN: An in depth grounded theory interview study. Grounded theory is an inductive approach to developing theory. SAMPLE: Thirteen contrasting people with tinnitus who had sought help from clinical services in England...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295156/cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-cochlear-implant-listeners-via-single-electrode-stimulation-in-relation-to-speech-perception
#4
Tim Liebscher, Katrin Alberter, Ulrich Hoppe
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of place of stimulation on cortical auditory evoked potentials in relation to speech performance in cochlear implant listeners. It was designed that cortical responses were recorded for single-electrode bursts at apical, medial and basal portions of the electrode array with varying inter-stimulus intervals ranging from 300 ms to 5 s. Latency and amplitude of N1 and P2 peaks were analysed in relation to monosyllabic word scores. The study sample was 44 adult cochlear implant users ranging in age from 28 to 86 years...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295113/participants-experiences-of-an-internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-intervention-for-tinnitus
#5
Eldré W Beukes, Vinaya Manchaiah, Alice S A Davies, Peter M Allen, David M Baguley, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore participants' experiences after undertaking an Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy intervention (ICBT) for tinnitus. DESIGN: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted 6-8 months after participants undertook the ICBT intervention. Qualitative thematic analysis was used to interpret the interview data. STUDY SAMPLE: A purposeful sampling strategy was used to identify a diverse range of participants...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289050/characteristics-behaviours-and-readiness-of-persons-seeking-hearing-healthcare-online
#6
Husmita Ratanjee-Vanmali, De Wet Swanepoel, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
This study describes characteristics, behaviours and readiness of people who are interested in seeking hearing healthcare (HHC) online. A non-profit clinic was established from which services through a virtual clinic are offered. Most of the patient-audiologist interactions are conducted online. We used online means to invite individuals to take a free online digit-in-noise (DIN) test. Upon failing the test, individuals reported their readiness to seek HHC by using two tools: the line and the staging algorithm...
October 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30272507/parental-separation-and-parental-mental-health-in-childhood-and-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-disability-in-adulthood-a-retrospective-exploratory-analysis
#7
Hashir Aazh, Berthold Langguth, Ali A Danesh
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships between parental separation and parental mental health in childhood with tinnitus and hyperacusis disability in adulthood. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional. STUDY SAMPLE: The data for consecutive patients who attended a tinnitus and hyperacusis clinic in the UK over a six months period were included (n = 184). RESULTS: 14.7% of patients reported that while they were growing up, their parents were separated or divorced...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261779/longitudinal-analysis-of-leisure-noise-exposure-among-adolescents-with-special-focus-on-portable-listening-devices-the-ohrkan-cohort-study
#8
Annegret Dreher, Veronika Weilnhammer, Doris Gerstner, Lana Hendrowarsito, Dorothee Twardella, Christina Reiter, Carmelo Perez-Alvarez, Thomas Steffens, Caroline Herr, Stefanie Heinze
The aim was to investigate leisure noise exposure and sociodemographic determinants of risky leisure noise exposure over five years in 2148 students visiting grade 9 of any school type in a German city from 2009-2011. Within the OHRKAN cohort study, leisure noise exposure was calculated from literature-retrieved sound pressure levels (SPLs) and self-reported duration of 18 leisure activities at baseline and two follow-ups. Risky exposure was defined as exceeding 85 dB(A) averaged over a 40-h-week. Determinants of risky total leisure noise (TLN) exposure and risky exposure to portable listening devices (PLDs) were investigated using generalised estimating equations (GEEs)...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261774/hearing-and-ear-status-of-pacific-children-aged-11-years-living-in-new-zealand-the-pacific-islands-families-hearing-study
#9
Suzanne C Purdy, Steve Taylor, Philip J Schluter, El-Shadan Tautolo, Leon Iusitini, Zahoor Ahmad, Gerhard Sundborn, Janis Paterson
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hearing loss and ear problems in Pacific children, and investigate current and past demographic, health and social factors potentially associated with hearing and ear problems. A cross-sectional observational study design nested within a birth cohort was employed. Nine-hundred-twenty Nine-hundred-twenty Pacific children aged 11 years were audiologically assessed. Using average hearing thresholds at 500, 1k and 2k Hz, 162 (18%) right and 197 (21%) left ears had ≥20 dB hearing loss...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261773/assessing-auditory-nerve-condition-by-tone-decay-in-deaf-subjects-with-a-cochlear-implant
#10
Jan-Willem A Wasmann, Ruben H M van Eijl, Huib Versnel, Gijsbert A van Zanten
The condition of the auditory nerve is a factor determining hearing performance of cochlear implant (CI) recipients. Abnormal loudness adaptation is associated with poor auditory nerve survival. We examined which stimulus conditions are suitable for tone decay measurements to differentiate between CI recipients with respect to their speech perception. Tone decay was defined here as occurring when the percept disappears before the stimulus stops. We measured the duration of the percept of a 60-s pulse train...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261772/assessment-of-speech-recognition-abilities-in-quiet-and-in-noise-a-comparison-between-self-administered-home-testing-and-testing-in-the-clinic-for-adult-cochlear-implant-users
#11
Feike de Graaff, Elke Huysmans, Paul Merkus, S Theo Goverts, Cas Smits
Self speech recognition tests in quiet and noise at home are compared to the standard tests performed in the clinic. Potential effects of stimuli presentation modes (loudspeaker or audio cable) and assessment (clinician or self-assessment at home) on test results were investigated. Speech recognition in quiet was assessed using the standard Dutch test with monosyllabic words. Speech recognition in noise was assessed with the digits-in-noise test. Sixteen experienced CI users (aged between 44 and 83 years) participated...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261771/a-directional-remote-microphone-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-recipients
#12
Jantien L Vroegop, Nienke C Homans, André Goedegebure, Marc P van der Schroeff
To evaluate whether speech recognition in noise differs according to whether a wireless remote microphone is connected to just the cochlear implant (CI) or to both the CI and to the hearing aid (HA) in bimodal CI users. The second aim was to evaluate the additional benefit of the directional microphone mode compared with the omnidirectional microphone mode of the wireless microphone. This prospective study measured Speech Recognition Thresholds (SRT) in babble noise in a 'within-subjects repeated measures design' for different listening conditions...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261770/speech-intelligibility-of-virtual-humans
#13
Annelies Devesse, Alexander Dudek, Astrid van Wieringen, Jan Wouters
The speech intelligibility benefit of visual speech cues during oral communication is well-established. Therefore, an ecologically valid approach of auditory assessment should include the processing of both auditory and visual speech cues. This study describes the development and evaluation of a virtual human speaker designed to present speech auditory-visually. A male and female virtual human speaker were created and evaluated in two experiments: a visual-only speech reading test of words and sentences and an auditory-visual speech intelligibility sentence test...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261769/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-tinnitus-data-from-adult-residents-in-guangdong-province-south-of-china
#14
Haidi Yang, Yuexin Cai, Huanping Guo, Hao Xiong, Yingfeng Sun, Xiayin Huang, Yiqing Zheng
There is a lack of national studies on tinnitus in China and data based on a large sample size from multiple areas of the country. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Guangdong province from October 2015 to February 2016. In the study, tinnitus was defined as the presence of ringing, buzzing or other sounds in the ears in the past one year. Fourteen districts in Guangdong Province were selected as the first-level cluster by using the sampling method of probability proportional to size (PPS). Two sub-districts in each first-level cluster were randomly selected as the second-level cluster by PPS method...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261768/rotational-vestibular-assessment
#15
L Maureen Valente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261767/hyperacusis-and-disorders-of-sound-intolerance
#16
Gail Whitelaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261766/promotion-and-views-on-tinnitus-self-help-within-united-kingdom-national-health-service-audiology-departments
#17
Sandra N Smith, Emily Broomhead, Kate Greenwell, Emily Watts, David Stockdale, Derek J Hoare
Self-help has the potential to provide low-cost and effective ways of improving access to psychological support for people with tinnitus. When developing and evaluating resources it is important to consider issues that may influence successful implementation. This Survey explored clinicians' use and views on self-help, and barriers to implementation. An online survey was distributed to 220 UK audiology departments. One-hundred and twenty-four clinicians responded to the survey (91 audiologists, 32 hearing therapists, 1 clinical psychologist), each representing a different tinnitus department...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178699/the-role-of-speech-rate-for-italian-speaking-cochlear-implant-users-insights-for-everyday-speech-perception
#18
Hilal Dincer D'Alessandro, Patrick J Boyle, Deborah Ballantyne, Marco De Vincentiis, Patrizia Mancini
This study investigated the effect of speech rate for Italian-speaking cochlear implant (CI) users with the aim of gaining insight into everyday listening situations where speaker's rate may vary considerably together with speech level in fluctuating background noise. The test material was prepared by processing the Italian STARR test with temporal compression of sentence material. Twelve adult CI users were divided into two subgroups based on their STARR performance: good and poor performers. The effect of varying speech rate was remarkable for both subgroups...
September 4, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178689/patients-experiences-of-living-with-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome
#19
Jenny Öhman, Annika Forssén, Anette Sörlin, Krister Tano
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated how the symptoms of superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) affected patients in their daily life, and how patients coped with the disease. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study; semi-structured interviews were performed and analysed according to the systematic text condensation method. STUDY SAMPLE: Twelve of 13 identified patients with SCDS in the county of Norrbotten, Sweden, were included in the study...
September 4, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178681/construction-and-evaluation-of-the-mandarin-chinese-matrix-cmnmatrix-sentence-test-for-the-assessment-of-speech-recognition-in-noise
#20
Hongmei Hu, Xin Xi, Lena L N Wong, Sabine Hochmuth, Anna Warzybok, Birger Kollmeier
OBJECTIVE: Development of the Mandarin Chinese matrix (CMNmatrix) sentence test for speech intelligibility measurements in noise according to the international standard procedure. DESIGN: A 50-word base matrix representing the distribution of phonemes and lexical tones of spoken Mandarin was established. Hundred sentences capturing all the co-articulations of two consecutive words were recorded. Word-specific speech recognition functions, speech reception thresholds (SRT: signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), that provides 50% speech intelligibility) and slopes were obtained from measurements at fixed SNRs...
September 4, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
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