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International Journal of Audiology

Jingjing Xu, Jason Galster, Elizabeth Galster, Alyson Gruhlke, Amanda Wolfe
OBJECTIVE: The device-oriented subjective outcome (DOSO) is a device-oriented questionnaire, intended to minimise the influence of personality on self-reported measures. The aim of this study was to provide normative data with 2015-era hearing aid technologies. DESIGN: This retrospective study evaluated data from records of three clinical trials. The DOSO was administered for the participants' own devices as a part of the intake and after using research devices in the field...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Marc Jutras, Justin Lambert, Jiyoung Hwang, Lisa Wang, Shane Simon, Talia Del Medico, Paul Mick, Harry Miller, Donna Kurtz, Mary-Ann Murphy, Charlotte Ann Jones
OBJECTIVE: Explore the acceptability of a socialisation, health education and falls prevention programme (Walk and Talk for Your Life: WTL) as an adjunct to group auditory rehabilitation (GAR) and how it might be adapted for older adults with hearing loss (HL). DESIGN: Content theme analysis (CTA) of guided interviews explored the experience of HL, the acceptability of a WTL programme and suggestions on how to adapt the WTL programme to better suit the needs of older adults with HL...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
M A Chesnaye, S L Bell, J M Harte, D M Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the specificity, sensitivity and detection time of various time-domain and multi-band frequency domain methods when detecting the auditory brainstem response (ABR). DESIGN: Simulations and subject recorded data were used to assess and compare the performance of the Hotelling's T2 test (applied in either time or frequency domain), two versions of the modified q-sample uniform scores test and both the Fsp and Fmp, which were evaluated using both conventional F-distributions with assumed degrees of freedom and a bootstrap approach...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Theresa Pitt-Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To analyse referral cohorts from School Entry Screening, Hearing (SHS) and Vision Screening (SVS) before and after documented changes. To compare referrals to pre-school specialists with subsequent group SHS outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized cohort, audit analysis of Community Nursing Developmental and SES records (CHRs), plus Audiology file review for SHS referrals. STUDY SAMPLE: Six hundred and sixty-eight mainstream pupils' CHRs were analysed in four birth cohorts, post-SES, using coded anonymized records...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Vidya Ramkumar, K R John, K Selvakumar, C S Vanaja, Roopa Nagarajan, James W Hall
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cost and outcome of a community-based hearing screening programme in which village health workers (VHWs) screened children in their homes using a two-step DPOAE screening protocol. Children referred in a second screening underwent tele diagnostic ABR testing in a mobile tele-van using satellite connectivity or at local centre using broadband internet at the rural location. DESIGN: Economic analysis was carried out to estimate cost incurred and outcome achieved for hearing screening, follow-up diagnostic assessment and identification of hearing loss...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Martin Ptok, Helen Grech, Ellen Raben Pedersen, André Brechmann, Naïma Deggouj, Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Mariola S Liwin Ska-Kowalska, Andreas Nickisch, Laurent Demanez, Evelyne Veuillet, Hung Thai-Van, Tony Sirimanna, Marina Callimachou, Rosamaria Santarelli, Sandra Kuske, Jose Juan Barajas de Prat, Mladen Hedever, Ozlem Konukseven, Dorothy Veraguth, Tone Stokkereit Mattsson, Jorge Humberto Martins, Doris-Eva Bamiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Vishakha W Rawool, Chelsea Campbell
OBJECTIVE: This investigation was designed to determine the effectiveness of earmuffs worn by a single individual during shooting practice. DESIGN: Single subject experimental design. STUDY SAMPLE: A 21-year old female recreational shooter, who practiced shooting on a regular basis while using earmuffs participated in the study. She reported occasional noise exposures of other types including car races and demolition derbies but no hearing difficulties or symptoms such as tinnitus...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Deborah A Hall, Rajnikant L Mehta, Heike Argstatter
OBJECTIVE: Reporting of clinical significance is recommended because findings can be statistically significant without being relevant to patients. For aiding clinical interpretation of the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ), many investigators use a 5-point change cut-off as a minimal clinically important difference (MCID). But there are shortcomings in how this value was originally determined. DESIGN: The MCID was evaluated by analysing retrospective clinical data on the TQ (German version)...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Andrea Simpson, Kendall Phillips, Danny Wong, Sandy Clarke, Michelle Thornton
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess audiologists' perceptions of ethics and moral climate in the workplace. DESIGN: The Ethics Environmental Questionnaire (EEQ) was sent out to all audiologists registered with the professional body Audiology Australia. Participants were also invited to undertake a semi-structured interview. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 301 audiologists completed the questionnaire. Eight of these participants also agreed to complete the interview...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Vishakha W Rawool, Madaline Parrill
OBJECTIVE: A previous study [Rawool, V. W. (2016). Auditory processing deficits: Assessment and intervention. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., pp. 186-187] demonstrated objective assessment of binaural summation through right contralateral acoustic reflex thresholds (ARTs) in women. The current project examined if previous findings could be generalised to men and to the left ear. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty individuals participated in the study...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the proportion and characteristics of patients who were offered, enrolled in and completed an audiologist-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis in a specialist Audiology Department in the National Health Service, UK. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. STUDY SAMPLE: Data were gathered for 266 consecutive patients with an average age of 56 y (standard deviation =15 y)...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Emma Holmes, Paula Folkeard, Ingrid S Johnsrude, Susan Scollie
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether speech intelligibility and listening effort for hearing-aid users is affected by semantic context and hearing-aid setting. DESIGN: Participants heard target sentences spoken in a reverberant background of cafeteria noise and competing speech. Participants reported each sentence verbally. Eight participants also rated listening effort after each sentence. Sentence topic was either the same as, or different from, the previous target sentence...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Rui Gong, Xiangyang Hu, Chen Gong, Mo Long, Rui Han, Lijun Zhou, Fang Wang, Xiaoying Zheng
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of hearing loss, and to analyse the major demographics and risk factors that influence the prevalence in older adults of China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional investigation. STUDY SAMPLE: Probability proportionate to size sampling (PPS) was adopted for this survey. Among 45,052 individuals, 6984 older adults (≥60 years) were selected as subjects for this study. RESULTS: The prevalence of hearing loss defined as a speech frequency pure tone average of more than 25 dB HL in the better ear was 58...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Wayne J Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To consider the evolving concept of auditory processing disorder (APD). DESIGN: Narrative review and opinion piece. STUDY SAMPLE: Eight approaches to APD described in the literature and its definitions by ten societies or groups from around the world. RESULTS: The dominant conceptualisation of APD remains one of disorders (or at least deficits) in the bottom-up processing of sound in the primary auditory nervous system that are not due to higher order (top-down) language or cognitive deficits...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Tobias Rader, Philipp Doms, Youssef Adel, Tobias Weissgerber, Sebastian Strieth, Uwe Baumann
OBJECTIVE: A psychoacoustic procedure designed for the precise assessment of perceptional threshold (T-level) in cochlear implant (CI) users is presented. The impact of this procedure on speech perception was investigated. DESIGN: Individual T-level measurements were obtained with the proposed procedure and three different speech processor fitting conditions were applied: (1) fitting familiar to the subject, T-levels unchanged, (2) T-level set to thresholds determined with the new procedure, (3) T-level set to thresholds determined with the new procedure, but T-level is decreased by 10 clinical units (CU)...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Maria Kleinstäuber, Cornelia Weise, Gerhard Andersson, Thomas Probst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate whether the Big Five personality traits predict the outcome of Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) and whether they moderate the outcome between ICBT and face-to-face group cognitive behavioural therapy (GCBT). DESIGN: This study investigated the Big Five personality traits as predictors and moderators of the outcome (tinnitus handicap) in a trial comparing ICBT and GCBT for chronic tinnitus. STUDY SAMPLE: N = 84 patients with chronic tinnitus were randomised to either ICBT (n = 41) or GCBT (n = 43)...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Christopher G Brennan-Jones, Elizabeth Weeda, Melanie Ferguson
This Cochrane corner features the review entitled "Hearing aids for mild to moderate hearing loss in adults" published in 2017. In their review, Ferguson et al. identified five randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving 825 participants, with moderate quality of evidence shown for all domains except adverse effects. Results showed a large beneficial effect of hearing aids on hearing-specific health-related quality of life and listening ability, and a small yet significant beneficial effect on overall health-related quality of life...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Erin M Picou, Todd A Ricketts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of four subjective questions related to listening effort. A secondary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of hearing aid beamforming microphone arrays on word recognition and listening effort. DESIGN: Participants answered subjective questions immediately following testing in a dual-task paradigm with three microphone settings in a moderately reverberant laboratory environment in two noise configurations...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Khalid Alhussaini, Jorge Bohorquez, Rafael E Delgado, Ozcan Ozdamar
OBJECTIVE: The effects of rate on auditory-evoked potentials (AEP) to short noise gaps (12 ms) recorded at high sampling rates using wide-band filters were investigated. DESIGN: Auditory brainstem (ABR), middle latency (MLR), late latency (LLR) and steady-state (ASSR) responses were simultaneously recorded in adult subjects at four gap rates (0.5, 1, 5 and 40 Hz). Major components (V, Na, Pa, Nb, Pb, N1 and P2) were identified at each rate and analysed for latency/amplitude characteristics...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Kelley Graydon, Bram Van Dun, Dani Tomlin, Richard Dowell, Gary Rance
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of deficit-specific remediation for spatial processing disorder, quantify effects of remediation on functional listening, and determine if remediation is maintained. DESIGN: Participants had SPD, diagnosed using the Listening in Spatialised Noise-Sentences test. The LiSN and Learn software was provided as auditory training. Post-training, repeat LiSN-S testing was conducted. Questionnaires pre- and post-training acted as subjective measures of remediation...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
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