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Cancer Cell International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151817/microrna-214-3p-inhibits-proliferation-and-cell-cycle-progression-by-targeting-melk-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-correlates-cancer-prognosis
#1
Yue Li, You Li, Yao Chen, Qian Xie, Ningning Dong, Yanjun Gao, Huan Deng, Chunhua Lu, Suihai Wang
Background: MicroRNAs are considered as potential regulators in various biological pathways and contribute to the diagnosis and prognosis of cancers. MicroRNA-214-3p (miR-214-3p) was proved to be correlated with various cancers in recent studies. However, the biological functions of miR-214-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its association with the prognosis of HCC after liver transplantation are still unevaluated. Here we intended to elucidate the functional implication of miR-214-3p in regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis and its potential prediction of clinical prognosis of HCC patients...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142505/targeting-deubiquitinating-enzymes-in-cancer-stem-cells
#2
REVIEW
Hu Lei, Huizhuang Shan, Yingli Wu
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are rare but accounted for tumor initiation, progression, metastasis, relapse and therapeutic resistance. Ubiquitination and deubiquitination of stemness-related proteins are essential for CSC maintenance and differentiation, even leading to execute various stem cell fate choices. Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs), specifically disassembling ubiquitin chains, are important to maintain the balance between ubiquitination and deubiquitination. In this review, we have focused on the DUBs regulation of stem cell fate determination...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118673/mir-20a-5p-represses-the-multi-drug-resistance-of-osteosarcoma-by-targeting-the-sdc2-gene
#3
Fangfang Zhao, Youguang Pu, Mingda Cui, Haiyan Wang, Shanbao Cai
Background: As one of the hallmarks of cancer, chemoresistance hinders curative cancer chemotherapy in osteosarcoma (OS). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act as key regulators of gene expression in diverse biological processes including the multi-chemoresistance of cancers. Methods: Based on the CCK8 experiments, we performed an RNA-seq-based miR-omic analysis of osteosarcoma (OS) cells (a multi-chemosensitive OS cell line G-292 and a multi-chemoresistant OS cell line SJSA-1) to detect the levels of miR-20a-5p...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118672/correction-to-the-role-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-autophagy-in-ros-production-lipid-droplets-biogenesis-and-its-involvement-with-colorectal-cancer-cells-modulation
#4
José Antonio Fagundes Assumpção, Kelly Grace Magalhães, José Raimundo Corrêa
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12935-017-0451-5.].
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118671/mir-422a-inhibits-cell-proliferation-in-colorectal-cancer-by-targeting-akt1-and-mapk1
#5
Wen-Ting Wei, Xin-Xin Nian, Shu-Yang Wang, Hong-Li Jiao, Yong-Xia Wang, Zhi-Yuan Xiao, Run-Wei Yang, Yan-Qing Ding, Ya-Ping Ye, Wen-Ting Liao
Background: miRNAs are regarded as molecular biomarkers and therapeutic targets for colorectal cancer (CRC), a series of miRNAs have been proven to involve into CRC carcinogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Aberrant miR-422a expression and its roles have been reported in some cancers. However, the function and underlying mechanism of miR-422a in the progression of CRC remain largely unknown. Methods: Real-time PCR were used to quantify miR-422a expression in CRC tissues...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118670/an-overview-of-the-role-of-platelets-in-angiogenesis-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-chronic-myeloid-leukaemia
#6
REVIEW
Lisa Repsold, Roger Pool, Mohammed Karodia, Gregory Tintinger, Annie Margaretha Joubert
Amongst males, leukaemia is the most common cause of cancer-related death in individuals younger than 40 years of age whereas in female children and adolescents, leukaemia is the most common cause of cancer-related death. Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a chronic leukaemia of the haematopoietic stem cells affecting mostly adults. The disease results from a translocation of the Philadelphia chromosome in stem cells of the bone marrow. CML patients usually present with mild to moderate anaemia and with decreased, normal, or increased platelet counts...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093644/synergistic-anticancer-effect-of-combined-crocetin-and-cisplatin-on-kyse-150-cells-via-p53-p21-pathway
#7
Sheng Li, Xiu-Yin Shen, Ting Ouyang, Yuhua Qu, Tao Luo, Hua-Qiao Wang
Background: More than 400,000 patients die from esophageal cancer annually. Considerable efforts have been made to develop new and effective treatments, one of which is directed toward herbal medication. Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid isolated from the Chinese herb saffron. We recently reported on the anticancer effects of saffron. This study aimed to determine whether crocetin combined cisplatin has synergistic effect in KYSE-150 cells and explore the underlying mechanism...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089860/high-brain-acid-soluble-protein-1-basp1-is-a-poor-prognostic-factor-for-cervical-cancer-and-promotes-tumor-growth
#8
Huiru Tang, Yan Wang, Bing Zhang, Shiqiu Xiong, Liangshuai Liu, Wei Chen, Guosheng Tan, Heping Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether brain abundant membrane attached signal protein 1 (BASP1) is a valuable prognostic biomarker for cervical cancer and whether BASP1 regulates the progression of cervical cancer. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry were used to determined BASP1 levels. Statistical analyses were used to examine whether BASP1 was a prognostic factor for patients with cervical cancer...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089859/the-impact-of-%C3%AE-irradiation-on-the-induction-of-bystander-killing-by-genetically-engineered-ovarian-tumor-cells-implications-for-clinical-use
#9
Jehad Zweiri, Stephen E Christmas
BACKGROUND: Cellular based therapeutic approaches for cancer rely on careful consideration of finding the optimal cell to execute the cellular goal of cancer treatment. Cell lines and primary cell cultures have been used in some studies to compare the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of autologous vs allogeneic tumour cell vaccines. METHODS: This study examines the effect of γ-irradiation on a range of tumor cell lines in conjunction with suicide gene therapy of cancer...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089858/mir-1296-5p-decreases-erbb2-expression-to-inhibit-the-cell-proliferation-in-erbb2-positive-breast-cancer
#10
Gang Chen, Mingfeng He, Yin Yin, Ting Yan, Wenfang Cheng, Zebo Huang, Lan Zhang, Huo Zhang, Ping Liu, Wei Zhu, Yichao Zhu
BACKGROUND: The tumor suppressive role of miR-1296 is observed in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, the effect of miR-1296-5p in ERBB2-positive breast cancers remains obscure. METHODS: Whether ERBB2 was the target gene of the miR-1296-5p was predicted by online software, and determined by dual-luciferase activity assay. miR-1296-5p expression levels were determined in breast cancer samples (114 breast cancer tissues and 30 adjacent normal tissues) by using qRT-PCR...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075151/sporadic-pcdh18-somatic-mutations-in-epcam-positive-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Takehiro Hayashi, Taro Yamashita, Hikari Okada, Kouki Nio, Yasumasa Hara, Yoshimoto Nomura, Tomoyuki Hayashi, Yoshiro Asahina, Mariko Yoshida, Naoki Oishi, Hajime Sunagozaka, Hajime Takatori, Masao Honda, Shuichi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: The relationship between specific genome alterations and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cancer stem cells (CSCs) remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between somatic mutations and epithelial cell adhesion molecule positive (EpCAM(+)) CSCs. METHODS: Two patient-derived HCC samples (HCC1 and HCC2) were sorted by EpCAM expression and analyzed by whole exome sequence. We measured PCDH18 expression level in eight HCC cell lines as well as HCC1 and HCC2 by real-time quantitative RT-PCR...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075150/avenanthramide-c-reduces-the-viability-of-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-through-an-apoptotic-mechanism
#12
Jordan Hastings, Jason Kenealey
BACKGROUND: Avenanthramides (AVN) are a relatively unstudied family of phytochemicals that could be novel chemotherapeutics. These compounds, found in oats, are non-toxic to healthy cells and have been shown to reduce viability of human colon and liver cancers in vitro. However, these studies do not elucidate a molecular mechanism for individual AVN. In this study we aim to see the effects of AVN on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. METHODS: An MTT assay was used to determine cell viability...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075149/the-role-of-mir-485-5p-nudt1-axis-in-gastric-cancer
#13
Jingjing Duan, Haiyang Zhang, Shuang Li, Xinyi Wang, Haiou Yang, Shunchang Jiao, Yi Ba
BACKGROUND: Cancers can survive the oxidative conditions by upregulating nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X-type motif 1 (NUDT1). However, the mechanisms underlying gastric carcinogenesis and the dys-regulation of NUDT1 in gastric cancer (GC) remain unknown. Our study aimed to explore the role of NUDT1 and its regulatory pathway by miR-485-5p in GC. METHODS: Gastric cancer tissues and paired noncancerous tissue samples were collected, and the expression level of NUDT1 and miR-485-5p were detected...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051711/down-regulation-of-ifitm1-and-its-growth-inhibitory-role-in-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Weinan Zheng, Zhimin Zhao, Xinan Yi, Qiangqiang Zuo, Hongtao Li, Xiaoqing Guo, Dongmei Li, Hongchang He, Zemin Pan, Peiwen Fan, Feng Li, Yanhong Liao, Renfu Shao
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in women worldwide. Interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1 (IFITM1) is involved in antivirus defense, cell adhesion, and carcinogenesis in different tissues. However, the role of IFITM1 gene in cervical squamous cell cancer is unclear. METHODS: To explore the role of IFITM1 in carcinogenesis of cervical cancer, we investigated the expression of IFITM1 gene in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. IFITM1 mRNA level was measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR in cervical cancer tissues and their adjacent normal tissues...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046615/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-cancer-genes-in-glioma
#15
Aijun Liang, Bin Zhou, Wei Sun
BACKGROUND: Cancers are caused by the acquisition of somatic mutations. Numerous efforts have been made to characterize the key driver genes and pathways in glioma, however, the etiology of glioma is still not completely known. This study was implemented to characterize driver genes in glioma independently of somatic mutation frequencies. METHODS: Driver genes and pathways were predicted by OncodriveCLUST, OncodriveFM, Icages, Drgap and Dendrix in glioma using 31,958 somatic mutations from TCGA, followed by an integrative characterization of driver genes...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033691/identification-of-genes-and-pathways-potentially-related-to-phf20-by-gene-expression-profile-analysis-of-glioblastoma-u87-cell-line
#16
Tianlong Liu, Tiejun Zhang, Feng Zhou, Jitao Wang, Xiaohu Zhai, Nan Mu, Jongsun Park, Minna Liu, Wenxing Liu, Peijin Shang, Yi Ding, Aidong Wen, Yuwen Li
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive brain tumor associated with a poor prognosis. Plant homeodomain finger protein 20 (PHF20) is highly expressed in primary human gliomas and its expression is associated with tumor grade. However, the molecular mechanism by which PHF20 regulates glioblastoma remains poorly understood. METHODS: Genome wide gene expression analysis was performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in U87 cells with PHF20 gene knockdown...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033690/dual-egfr-and-braf-blockade-overcomes-resistance-to-vemurafenib-in-braf-mutated-thyroid-carcinoma-cells
#17
Tiziana Notarangelo, Lorenza Sisinni, Valentina Condelli, Matteo Landriscina
BACKGROUND: BRAF inhibitors are effective anticancer agents in BRAF-mutated melanomas. By contrast, evidences about sensitivity of thyroid carcinomas to BRAF inhibition are conflicting and it has been proposed that BRAF V600E thyroid carcinoma cells are less sensitive to BRAF inhibitors due to activation of parallel signaling pathways. This study evaluated the hypothesis that feedback activation of EGFR signaling counteracts the cytostatic activity of vemurafenib (PLX4032) in BRAF V600E thyroid carcinoma cells...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021715/the-clinicopathological-significance-of-ube2c-in-breast-cancer-a-study-based-on-immunohistochemistry-microarray-and-rna-sequencing-data
#18
Chao-Hua Mo, Li Gao, Xiao-Fei Zhu, Kang-Lai Wei, Jing-Jing Zeng, Gang Chen, Zhen-Bo Feng
BACKGROUND: Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2C (UBE2C) has been previously reported to correlate with the malignant progression of various human cancers, however, the exact molecular function of UBE2C in breast carcinoma (BRCA) remained elusive. We aimed to investigate UBE2C expression in BRCA and its clinical significance. METHODS: The expression of UBE2C in 209 BRCA tissue samples and 53 adjacent normal tissue samples was detected using immunohistochemistry. The clinical role of UBE2C was analyzed...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959141/blocking-erk1-2-signaling-impairs-tgf-%C3%AE-1-tumor-promoting-function-but-enhances-its-tumor-suppressing-role-in-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-cells
#19
Phaijit Sritananuwat, Natthaporn Sueangoen, Parichut Thummarati, Kittiya Islam, Tuangporn Suthiphongchai
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays a paradoxical role in cancer: it suppresses proliferation at early stages but promotes metastasis at late stages. This cytokine is upregulated in cholangiocarcinoma and is implicated in cholangiocarcinoma invasion and metastasis. Here we investigated the roles of non-Smad pathway (ERK1/2) and Smad in TGF-β tumor promoting and suppressing activities in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) cells. METHODS: TGF-β1 effects on proliferation, invasion and migration of ICC cells, KKU-M213 and/or HuCCA-1, were investigated using MTT, colony formation, in vitro Transwell and wound healing assays...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959140/curcumin-reduces-mitomycin-c-resistance-in-breast-cancer-stem-cells-by-regulating-bcl-2-family-mediated-apoptosis
#20
Qian-Mei Zhou, Yang Sun, Yi-Yu Lu, Hui Zhang, Qi-Long Chen, Shi-Bing Su
BACKGROUND: Curcumin, a natural compound derived from the turmeric rhizome Curcuma longa Linn, has anticancer and chemoresistance reduction biological activities. We evaluated the efficacy of curcumin in sensitizing chemotherapy drugs through regulation of Bcl-2-mediated apoptosis in breast cancer stem-like cells (BCSCs). METHODS: Cell survival was measured using MTT assay. Apoptosis-related proteins were observed using western blot analysis. Apoptosis was detected with flow cytometric analysis and by Hoechst 33258 staining...
2017: Cancer Cell International
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