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Cell Cycle

Rui-Li Zhang, Jun-Ping Yang, Li-Xia Peng, Li-Sheng Zheng, Ping Xie, Meng-Yao Wang, Yun Cao, Zhi-Ling Zhang, Fang-Jian Zhou, Chao-Nan Qian, Yong-Xing Bao
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a common pathological subtype of renal cancer. Although the recent application of molecular-targeted agents has modestly improved the prognosis of ccRCC patients, their outcome is still poor. It is therefore important to characterize the molecular and biological mechanisms responsible for the development of ccRCC. Approximately 25% ccRCC patients involves the loss of RNA-binding protein QKI at 6q26, but the role of QKI in ccRCC is unknown. Here, we found that QKI-5 was frequently downregulated in ccRCC patients and its down-regulation was significantly associated with clinical features including T status, M status, and differentiation grade, and poorer patient prognosis...
October 21, 2016: Cell Cycle
P J Brooks, Kornel Schuebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Indu Jose Thoompumkal, Krishnan Rehna, Kumaraswamy Anbarasu, Sundarasamy Mahalingam
Guanine nucleotide binding protein-like 3-like (GNL3L) is an evolutionarily conserved putative nucleolar GTPase belonging to the HSR1-MMR1 family. In the present study, using protein-protein interaction assays, we show that Leucine Zipper Down-regulated in Cancer-1 (LDOC1) is a novel interacting partner of GNL3L. Furthermore, our results reveal that ectopic expression of LDOC1 destabilizes endogenous GNL3L levels and down modulates GNL3L-induced cell proliferation, in contrast, the knockdown of LDOC1 potentiates cell proliferation upon GNL3L expression...
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Marco Gottardo, Giuliano Callaini, Maria Giovanna Riparbelli
Mutations in Klp10A, a microtubule-depolymerising Kinesin-13, lead to overly long centrioles in Drosophila male germ cells. We demonstrated that the loss of Klp10A modifies the distribution of typical proteins involved in centriole assembly and function. In the absence of Klp10A the distribution of Drosophila pericentrin-like protein (Dplp), Sas-4 and Sak/Plk4 that are restricted in control testes to the proximal end of the centriole increase along the centriole length. Remarkably, the cartwheel is lacking or it appears abnormal in mutant centrioles, suggesting that this structure may spatially delimit protein localization...
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Shinji Yasuhira, Masahiko Shibazaki, Masao Nishiya, Chihaya Maesawa
Spindle poisons elicit various cellular responses following metaphase arrest, but how they relate to long-term clonogenicity has remained unclear. We prepared several HeLa lines in which the canonical apoptosis pathway was attenuated, and compared their acute responses to paclitaxel, as well as long-term fate, with the parental line. Three-nanomolar paclitaxel induced brief metaphase arrest (<5 h) often followed by aberrant mitosis, and about 90% of the cells of each line had lost their clonogenicity after 48 h of the treatment...
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Matthew Hoare, Masashi Narita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Daniel B Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Wei Dai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Józef Dulak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Cell Cycle
Aysegül Kaymak, Holger Richly
In the present study we addressed the function of the transcriptional activator Zrf1 in the generation of the three germ layers during in vitro development. Currently, Zrf1 is rather regarded as a factor that drives the expression of neuronal genes. Here, we have employed mouse embryonic stem cells and P19 cells to understand the role of Zrf1 in the generation of mesoderm-derived tissues like adipocytes, cartilage and heart. Our data shows that Zrf1 is essential for the transcriptional activation of genes that give rise to mesoderm and in particular heart development...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Anne-Sophie Kratz, Kai T Richter, Yvonne T Schlosser, Miriam Schmitt, Anatoliy Shumilov, Henri-Jacques Delecluse, Ingrid Hoffmann
Topoisomerase IIα is an essential enzyme that resolves topological constraints in genomic DNA. It functions in disentangling intertwined chromosomes during anaphase leading to chromosome segregation thus preserving genomic stability. Here we describe a previously unrecognized mechanism regulating topoisomerase IIα activity that is dependent on the F-box protein Fbxo28. We find that Fbxo28, an evolutionarily conserved protein, is required for proper mitotic progression. Interfering with Fbxo28 function leads to a delay in metaphase-to-anaphase progression resulting in mitotic defects as lagging chromosomes, multipolar spindles and multinucleation...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Nicholas W Fischer, Aaron Prodeus, David Malkin, Jean Gariépy
Mutations in the oligomerization domain of p53 are genetically linked to cancer susceptibility in Li-Fraumeni Syndrome. These mutations typically alter the oligomeric state of p53 and impair its transcriptional activity. Activation of p53 through tetramerization is required for its tumor suppressive function by inducing transcriptional programs that lead to cell fate decisions such as cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. How p53 chooses between these cell fate outcomes remains unclear. Here, we use five oligomeric variants of p53, including two novel p53 constructs, that yield either monomeric, dimeric or tetrameric forms of p53 and demonstrate that they induce distinct cellular activities and gene expression profiles that lead to different cell fate outcomes...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Elisabet Cuyàs, Almudena Pérez-Sánchez, Vicente Micol, Javier A Menendez, Joaquim Bosch-Barrera
The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been suggested to play a prominent role in mediating non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) resistance to some tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-mediated therapies. Using a model of anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene (ALK)-translocated NSCLC with acquired resistance to the ALK TKI crizotinib, but lacking amplifications or mutations in the kinase domain of ALK, we herein present evidence that STAT3 activation is a novel mechanism of crizotinib resistance that involves the upregulation of immune escape and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling pathways...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Su-Yeon Lee, Eun-Young Kim, Kyeoung-Hwa Kim, Kyung-Ah Lee
Previously, we demonstrated that Bcl-2-like 10 (Bcl2l10) is associated with meiotic spindle assembly and that the gene that is most strongly down-regulated by Bcl2l10 RNAi is targeting protein for Xklp2 (Tpx2). Tpx2 is a well-known cofactor that controls the activity and localization of Aurora kinase A (Aurka) during mitotic spindle assembly. Therefore, this study was conducted (1) to identify the associations among Bcl2l10, Tpx2, and Aurka and (2) to understand how Bcl2l10 regulates meiotic spindle assembly in mouse oocytes...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Francesca Bianchi, Michele Sommariva, Loris De Cecco, Tiziana Triulzi, Sandra Romero-Cordoba, Elda Tagliabue, Lucia Sfondrini, Andrea Balsari
The autoimmune regulator gene (AIRE) plays a fundamental role in tolerance by promoting the expression of tissue-specific antigens in medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs). Recently, AIRE expression was detected also in human keratinocytes and in tumors originating in stratified epithelia. Here, we tested whether AIRE is expressed in cancer cells. We analyzed AIRE expression in cancer cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) RNA-seq dataset and we found association with better outcome. AIRE protein expression was verified by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 39 human breast cancer specimens and its prognostic relevance was confirmed in microarray-based gene expression dataset NKI-295 and KM-Plotter...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Zhoushuai Qin, Zhiqiang Bai, Ying Sun, Xiaohong Niu, Wei Xiao
In response to replication-blocking lesions, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) can be sequentially ubiquitinated at the K164 residue leading to two modes of DNA-damage tolerance, namely translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) and error-free lesion bypass. Ectopic expression of PCNA fused with ubiquitin (Ub) lacking the two C-terminal Gly residues resembles PCNA monoubiquitination-mediated TLS. However, if the fused Ub contains C-terminal Gly residues, it is further polyubiquitinated and inhibits cell proliferation...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Anya Alayev, Rachel S Salamon, Subrata Manna, Naomi S Schwartz, Adi Y Berman, Marina K Holz
Homologous recombination (HR) is a conserved process that maintains genome stability and cell survival by repairing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The RAD51-related family of proteins is involved in repair of DSBs; consequently, deregulation of RAD51 causes chromosomal rearrangements and stimulates tumorigenesis. RAD51C has been identified as a potential tumor suppressor and a breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene. Recent studies have also implicated estrogen as a DNA-damaging agent that causes DSBs...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Audrey Berthe, Stéphane Flament, Stéphanie Grandemange, Marie Zaffino, Michel Boisbrun, Sabine Mazerbourg
We have previously shown that Δ2-Troglitazone (Δ2-TGZ) displayed anticancer effects on breast cancer cell lines grown in low serum conditions (1% fetal calf serum (FCS)). The present study was performed in order to characterize the effects of Δ2-TGZ in high serum containing medium and to determine if starvation could influence the response of breast cancer cells to this compound, keeping in mind the potential interest for breast cancer therapy. We observed that in high serum conditions (10% FCS), a 48 h treatment with Δ2-TGZ induced a decrease in cell numbers in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Pradyut K Paul, Mary E Rabaglia, Chen-Yu Wang, Donald S Stapleton, Ning Leng, Christina Kendziorski, Peter W Lewis, Mark P Keller, Alan D Attie
Anti-silencing function 1 (ASF1) is a histone H3-H4 chaperone involved in DNA replication and repair, and transcriptional regulation. Here, we identify ASF1B, the mammalian paralog to ASF1, as a proliferation-inducing histone chaperone in human β-cells. Overexpression of ASF1B led to distinct transcriptional signatures consistent with increased cellular proliferation and reduced cellular death. Using multiple methods of monitoring proliferation and mitotic progression, we show that overexpression of ASF1B is sufficient to induce human β-cell proliferation...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
Javier Prieto, Marian León, Xavier Ponsoda, Francisco García-García, Roque Bort, Eva Serna, Manuela Barneo-Muñoz, Francesc Palau, Joaquín Dopazo, Carlos López-García, Josema Torres
We have recently shown that mitochondrial fission is induced early in reprogramming in a Drp1-dependent manner; however, the identity of the factors controlling Drp1 recruitment to mitochondria was unexplored. To investigate this, we used a panel of RNAi targeting factors involved in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics and we observed that MiD51, Gdap1 and, to a lesser extent, Mff were found to play key roles in this process. Cells derived from Gdap1-null mice were used to further explore the role of this factor in cell reprogramming...
October 18, 2016: Cell Cycle
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