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International Journal of Mass Spectrometry

Michael T Costanzo, Jared J Boock, Robin H J Kemperman, Michael S Wei, Christopher R Beekman, Richard A Yost
Miniaturized mass spectrometry (MMS) is optimal for a wide variety of applications that benefit from field-portable instrumentation. Like MMS, field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) has proven capable of providing in situ analysis, allowing researchers to bring the lab to the sample. FAIMS compliments MMS very well, but has the added benefit of operating at atmospheric pressure, unlike MS. This distinct advantage makes FAIMS uniquely suited for portability. Since its inception, FAIMS has been envisioned as a field-portable device, as it affords less expense and greater simplicity than many similar methods...
November 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Christelle Guillermier, J Collin Poczatek, Walter R Taylor, Matthew L Steinhauser
In the field of secondary ion mass spectrometry at nanometer scale (NanoSIMS), configuration of parallel detectors to routinely measure isotope ratios in sub-100 nm domains brings classical stable isotope tracer studies from the whole tissue level down to the suborganelle level. Over the past decade, the marriage of stable isotope tracers with NanoSIMS has been applied to a range of fundamental biological questions that were largely inaccessible by other means. Although multiplexed measurement of different stable isotope tracers is feasible, in practice there remains a gap in the current analytical capacity to efficiently measure stable isotopes commonly utilized in tracer studies...
November 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Zhe Zhang, Richard W Vachet
The gas phase structures of several proteins have been studied by electron transfer dissociation (ETD) with and without prior collisional heating after electrospraying these proteins from native-like solutions into a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. Without prior collisional heating, we find that ETD fragmentation is mostly limited to regions of the protein that are not spanned by the salt bridges known to form in solution. When protein ions are collisionally heated before ETD, new product ions are observed, and in almost all cases, these new ions arise from protein regions that are spanned by the salt bridges...
September 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Natália E C de Almeida, Thanh D Do, Nichole E LaPointe, Michael Tro, Stuart C Feinstein, Joan-Emma Shea, Michael T Bowers
The early oligomerization of amyloid β-protein (Aβ) is a crucial step in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD), in which soluble and highly neurotoxic oligomers are produced and accumulated inside neurons. In search of therapeutic solutions for AD treatment and prevention, potent inhibitors that remodel Aβ assembly and prevent neurotoxic oligomer formation offer a promising approach. In particular, several polyphenolic compounds have shown anti-aggregation properties and good efficacy on inhibiting oligomeric amyloid formation...
September 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Hanliu Wang, Qin Shu, Don L Rempel, Carl Frieden, Michael L Gross
Bacteria within Curli biofilms are protected from environmental pressures (e.g., disinfectants, antibiotics), and this is responsible for intractable infections. Understanding aggregation of the major protein component of Curli, CsgA, may uncover disease-associated amyloidogenesis mechanisms. Here, we report the application of pulsed hydrogen-deuterium exchange and mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) to study CsgA aggregation, thereby obtaining region-specific information. By following time-dependent peptide signal depletion, presumably a result of insoluble fibril formation, we acquired sigmoidal profiles that are specific for regions (region-specific) of the protein...
September 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Shuai Niu, Byung Chul Kim, Carol A Fierke, Brandon T Ruotolo
Histone deacetylase 8, part of a broad class of proteins responsible for regulating transcription and many other cellular processes and directly linked to a host of human disease through its mis-function, has been canonically described as a zinc-based mettalo-enzyme for many years. Recent evidence, however, has linked this protein to iron incorporation, loaded through transient interactions with the poly r(C)-binding protein 1, a metallo-chaperone and storage protein. In this report, we construct and deploy an electrospray-mass spectrometry based assay aimed at quantifying the interaction strength between these two weakly-associated proteins, as well as the zinc and iron associated form of the histone deacetylase...
September 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Amanda L Patrick, Adam P Cismesia, Larry F Tesler, Nicolas C Polfer
The effects of electrospray ionization (ESI) solvent and source temperature on the relative abundance of the preferred solution-phase (N-protonated; i.e. amine) versus preferred gas-phase (O-protonated; i.e., acid) isomers of p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) were investigated. When PABA was electrosprayed from protic solvents (i.e., methanol/water), the infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectrum recorded was consistent with that for O-protonation, according to both calculations and previous studies. When aprotic solvent (i...
July 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Yanyan Lu, Yan Jiang, Tatiana Prokaeva, Lawreen H Connors, Catherine E Costello
Immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a plasma cell disorder characterized by overproduction and deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) light chains (LC) or variable region fragments as amyloid fibrils in various organs and tissues. Much clinical evidence indicates that patients with AL amyloidosis sustain cardiomyocyte impairment and suffer from oxidative stress. We seek to understand the underlying biochemical pathways whose disruption or amplification during sporadic or sustained disease states leads to harmful physiological consequences and to determine the detailed structures of intermediates and products that serve as signposts for the biochemical changes and represent potential biomarkers...
May 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Andrew G Elliott, Samuel I Merenbloom, Satrajit Chakrabarty, Evan R Williams
A new charge detection mass spectrometer that combines array detection and electrostatic ion trapping to repeatedly measure the masses of single ions is described. This instrument has four detector tubes inside an electrostatic ion trap with conical electrodes (cone trap) to provide multiple measurements of an ion on each pass through the trap resulting in a signal gain over a conventional trap with a single detection tube. Simulations of a cone trap and a dual ion mirror trap design indicate that more passes through the trap per unit time are possible with the latter...
March 2017: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Pengfei Li, William D Hoffmann, Glen P Jackson
We herein demonstrate an approach to gas phase ion manipulation that provides MS(3)-level CID spectra of phospholipid radical cations that are almost independent of the original charging adduct ions. In the MS(2) He-MAD spectra of the protonated, sodiated and potassiated adducts of POPC, the different adducts induce different primary fragmentation pathways and provide significantly different spectra, as is commonly observed by other activation methods. In separate experiments, the even-electron adduct ions ([M+H](+), [M+Na](+), [M+K](+)) of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) were first converted to radical cations [POPC](+(•)) by using helium metastable atom-activated dissociation (He-MAD) to eject the charging adduct ions, then exposed to low-energy collision induced dissociation (CID) to induce extensive fragmentation along the acyl chains...
June 1, 2016: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Si Cheng, Jun Wang, Yi Cai, Joseph A Loo, Hao Chen
Desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) is a recent and important advance in the field that has extensive applications in surface analysis of solid samples but has also been extended to analysis of liquid samples. The liquid sample DESI typically employs a piece of fused silica capillary to transfer liquid sample for ionization. In this study, we present the improvement of liquid sample DESI-MS by replacing the sample transfer silica capillary with a trap column filled with chromatographic stationary phase materials (e...
December 3, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Dominika Strzelecka, Stephen W Holman, Claire E Eyers
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) has been advocated as a beneficial additive to electrospray solvents for peptide analysis due to the improved ionisation efficiency conferred. Previous reports have shown that the resultant improvements in peptide ion signal intensities are non-uniform. As a result, it was hypothesised that inclusion of DMSO in electrospray solvents could be detrimental to the outcome of intensity-based label-free absolute quantification approaches, specifically the top 3 method. The effect of DMSO as a mobile phase additive in top 3 label-free quantification was therefore evaluated...
November 30, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Dalila Bensaddek, Armel Nicolas, Angus I Lamond
Despite many recent advances in instrumentation, the sheer complexity of biological samples remains a major challenge in large-scale proteomics experiments, reflecting both the large number of protein isoforms and the wide dynamic range of their expression levels. However, while the dynamic range of expression levels for different components of the proteome is estimated to be ∼10(7-8), the equivalent dynamic range of LC-MS is currently limited to ∼10(6). Sample pre-fractionation has therefore become routinely used in large-scale proteomics to reduce sample complexity during MS analysis and thus alleviate the problem of ion suppression and undersampling...
November 30, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Onrapak Reamtong, Krongkan Srimuang, Naowarat Saralamba, Polkit Sangvanich, Nicholas P J Day, Nicholas J White, Mallika Imwong
Malaria is a mosquito borne infectious disease caused by protozoa of genus Plasmodium. There are five species of Plasmodium that are found to infect humans. Plasmodium falciparum can cause severe malaria leading to higher morbidity and mortality of malaria than the other four species. Antimalarial resistance is the major obstacle to control malaria. Mefloquine was used in combination with Artesunate for uncomplicated P. falciparum in South East Asia and it has developed and established mefloquine resistance in this region...
November 30, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Thomas G Watkinson, Antonio N Calabrese, Fabrice Giusti, Manuela Zoonens, Sheena E Radford, Alison E Ashcroft
Membrane proteins (MPs) are essential for numerous important biological processes. Recently, mass spectrometry (MS), coupled with an array of related techniques, has been used to probe the structural properties of MPs and their complexes. Typically, detergent micelles have been employed for delivering MPs into the gas-phase, but these complexes have intrinsic properties that can limit the utility of structural studies of MPs using MS methods. Amphipols (APols) have advantages over detergent micelles and have been shown to be capable of delivering native MPs into the gas-phase...
November 30, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Zhou Peng, Scott A McLuckey
The formation of peptide bonds is of great importance from both a biological standpoint and in routine organic synthesis. Recent work from our group demonstrated the synthesis of peptides in the gas-phase via ion/ion reactions with sulfo-NHS reagents, which resulted in conjugation of individual amino acids or small peptides to the N-terminus of an existing 'anchor' peptide. Here, we demonstrate a complementary approach resulting in the C-terminal extension of peptides. Individual amino acids or short peptides can be prepared as reagents by incorporating gas phase-labile protecting groups to the reactive C-terminus and then converting the N-terminal amino groups to the active ketenimine reagent...
November 30, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Chang Ho Sohn, Sheng Yin, Ivory Peng, Joseph A Loo, J L Beauchamp
The mechanisms of electron capture and electron transfer dissociation (ECD and ETD) are investigated by covalently attaching a free-radical hydrogen atom scavenger to a peptide. The 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-l-oxyl (TEMPO) radical was chosen as the scavenger due to its high hydrogen atom affinity (ca. 280 kJ/mol) and low electron affinity (ca. 0.45 ev), and was derivatized to the model peptide, FQX(TEMPO)EEQQQTEDELQDK. The X(TEMPO) residue represents a cysteinyl residue derivatized with an acetamido-TEMPO group...
November 15, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Philip D Compton, Luca Fornelli, Neil L Kelleher, Owen S Skinner
Dissociation of gaseous protein complexes produced by native electrospray often induces an asymmetric partitioning of charge between ejected subunits. We present a simple asymmetric charge partitioning factor (ACPF) to quantify the magnitude of asymmetry in this effect. When applied to monomer ejection from the cytochrome c dimer and β-amylase tetramer, we found that the ~60-70% of precursor charge ending up in the ejected monomers corresponds to ACPFs of 1.38 and 2.51, respectively. Further, we used site-specific fragmentation from electron transfer dissociation (ETD) to identify differences in fragmentation and characterize domains of secondary-structure present in the dimer, ejected monomers, and monomers obtained directly from electrospray ionization (ESI)...
November 15, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Robert E Deimler, Madlen Sander, Glen P Jackson
The fragmentation pattern of several protonated 1+ phosphatidylcholines (PCs) were studied using low energy collision induced dissociation (CID) and helium metastable atom-activated dissociation (He-MAD). He-MAD of the protonated compounds produced a dominant phosphocholine head group at m/z 184 as well as typical sn-1 and sn-2 glycerol fragments such as [M+H-Rx-1CHC=O](+) and [M+H-Rx-1CO2H](+). Within the aliphatic chain, He-MAD showed fragments consistent with high-energy collision induced dissociation (HE-CID) and products/pathways consistent with Penning ionization of the 1+ precursor ions to their respective radical dications...
November 15, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Piriya Wongkongkathep, Huilin Li, Xing Zhang, Rachel R Ogorzalek Loo, Ryan R Julian, Joseph A Loo
The application of ion pre-activation with 266 nm ultraviolet (UV) laser irradiation combined with electron capture dissociation (ECD) is demonstrated to enhance top-down mass spectrometry sequence coverage of disulfide bond containing proteins. UV-based activation can homolytically cleave a disulfide bond to yield two separated thiol radicals. Activated ECD experiments of insulin and ribonuclease A containing three and four disulfide bonds, respectively, were performed. UV-activation in combination with ECD allowed the three disulfide bonds of insulin to be cleaved and the overall sequence coverage to be increased...
November 15, 2015: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
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