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International Journal of Phytoremediation

Naeem Khan, Asghari Bano
The present attempt was made to study the role of exogenously applied salicylic acid (SA) and putrescine (Put) on the phytoremediation of heavy metal and on the growth parameters of chickpea grown in sandy soil. The SA and Put were applied alone as well as in combination with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). The PGPRs, isolated from the rhizosphere of chickpea were characterized on the basis of colony morphology and biochemical traits through gram staining, catalase and oxidase tests, and identified by 16S-rRNA gene sequencing as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus megaterium...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Muhammad Raziq Rahimi Kooh, Linda B L Lim, Lee Hoon Lim, Owais Ahmed Malik
This study investigated the potential of Azolla pinnata (AP) in the removal of toxic methyl violet 2B (MV) dye wastewater using the phytoextraction approach with the inclusion of an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) modelling. Parameters examined included the effects of dye concentration, pH and plant dosage. The highest removal efficiency was 93% which was achieved at a plant dosage of 0.8 g (dye volume = 200 mL, initial pH = 6.0, initial dye concentration = 10 mg L(-1)). A significant decrease in relative frond number (RFN), a growth rate estimator, observed at a dye concentration of 20 mg L(-1) MV indicated some toxicity, which coincided with the plant pigments studies where the chlorophyll a content was lower than the control...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Xiaoxun Xu, Shirong Zhang, Junren Xian, Zhanbiao Yang, Zhang Cheng, Ting Li, Yongxia Jia, Yulin Pu, Yun Li
Siegesbeckia orientalis L. is a promising species for cadmium (Cd) phytoextraction with large biomass and fast growth rate, while little information about their intracellular mechanisms involved in Cd tolerance and detoxification has been explored. A soil pot experiment with total target Cd concentrations of 0, 10, 50, 100 and 150 mg kg(-1) were designed to investigate the subcellular distribution, chemical forms and thiol synthesis characteristics of Cd in S. orientalis. More than 90% of Cd was bound to the soluble fractions (48...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Aritz Burges, Itziar Alkorta, Lur Epelde, Carlos Garbisu
Since the emergence of phytoremediation, much research has focused on its development for (i) the removal of metals from soil and/or (ii) the reduction of metal bioavailability, mobility and ecotoxicity in soil. Here, we review the lights and shades of the two main strategies (i.e., phytoextraction and phytostabilization) currently used for the phytoremediation of metal contaminated soils, irrespective of the level of such contamination. Both strategies face limitations to become successful at commercial scale and, then, often generate skepticism regarding their usefulness...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Onur Can TÜrker, Talat Baran
The met boron (B) and its compounds widely exist in environments, and boron can poses hazardous effects on plants, animals, and human beings when it is found in high concentrations in water environments. It is difficult and costly to remove B with conventional treatment methods from drinking water. Therefore, alternative and cost effective treatment techniques are imperative. In this study, a novel and environmental friendly method based on chitosan and duckweed (Lemna gibba L.) combination was evaluated for boron removal from drinking water...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Syeda Huma Bokhari, Muhammad Mahmood-Ul-Hassan, Yousaf Riaz, Anjum Munir, Zeshan Ali
Baseline water quality of municipal effluent of three rural settings of Islamabad was assessed for physicochemical and microbiological parameters by collecting wastewater from inlet and center of ponds. Results showed that water quality was comparatively better at the centre as Typha latifolia plants were growing towards the center of ponds. In another study, wastewater treatment ability of T. latifolia was investigated by growing in industrial and municipal effluent under greenhouse conditions. Water and plant samples were collected periodically (3(rd), 10(th), 17(th), 24(th) and 31(st) day after transplanting) for measurement of Pb, Cu and Cd concentrations...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Firdaus-E- Bareen, Sarwat Saeed, Humera Afrasiab
Tannery waste is a major environmental concern needing proper management. Tannery solid waste (TSW) can be added to the soil as an organic amendment but needs metal removal. Chelant assisted phytoremediation hastens the process of metal removal but also poses risk of leaching. This research evaluates EDTA assisted phytoextraction and associated leaching hazard using metal tolerant plants. Greenhouse trials were carried out with sunflower, spinach and marigold using columns of uniform diameter packed with field soil and multi-metal contamination of TSW (5% and 10%) with four EDTA doses...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Sen Lin, Tingting Yang, Shaowei Zhu, Jifeng Wang, Wuzhong Ni
A method for screening copper (Cu) tolerant rice cultivars was studied by combining hydroponic experiments and cluster analysis, and the classification of cultivars in Cu stress tolerance was done. In the first hydroponic experiment, seedlings of Jiahe991 and Xiushui114 were planted in nutrient solution with different Cu(2+) concentrations from 10 to 1800 μg/L. Results indicated that the toxic threshold of Cu concentration in solution ranged from 900 to 1200 μg/L, since SPAD values of leaves and seedlings biomass of the treatments with ≥ 900 and/or 1200 µg/L were significantly lower than the control...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Sadikshya R Dangi, Gary Bañuelos, Jeffrey S Buyer, Bradley Hanson, James Gerik
Poplar trees (Populus spp.) are often used in bioremediation strategies because of their ability to phytoextract potential toxic ions, e.g., selenium (Se) from poor quality soils. Soil microorganisms may play a vital role in sustaining health of soil and/or tolerance of these trees grown in poor quality soils by contributing to nutrient cycling, soil structure, overall soil quality and plant survival. The effect of naturally-occurring salts, boron (B) and Se on soil microbial community composition associated with poplar trees is not known for bioremediation strategies...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Hun Park, Uhram Song
Although Azolla species are among the most promising plants for use in phytoremediation, more studies on their growth and nitrogen (N) uptake along the N gradients of growing media are required. In this study, N concentration-dependent growth in growing media and phosphorus (P) and N accumulation by Azolla japonica were studied by estimating direct N uptake from media by molybdenum-iron proteins. The doubling time of A. japonica was less than a week, regardless of the N concentration (0, 5, and 25 mg N/L) present in the growth media, indicating that this plant is suitable for remediation...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Tanvi Singh, Dileep K Singh
Rapid increase in industrialization of world economy in the past century has resulted in significantly high emission of anthropogenic chemicals in the ecosystem. The organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are a great risk to the global environment and endanger the human health due to their affinity for dispersion, transportation over long distances, and bioaccumulation in the food chain. Phytoremediation is a promising technology that aims to make use of plants and associated bacteria for the treatment of groundwater and soil polluted by these contaminants...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Anna Grobelak, Joanna Hiller
The aim of the study was to determine the quality and quantity of siderophores produced by bacteria isolated from plants' roots. The second aim was to determine the effect of siderophores on plants growth (Festuca rubra L. and Brassica napus L.). The study was carried out using bacteria isolated from roots of: Arabidopsis thaliana L., F. rubra, and Agrostis capillaris L., growing on the heavy metals contaminated area. The chrome azurol sulfonate (CAS) test, Arnow's test for catechol siderophores, and Csaksy's test for hydroxamate siderophores were performed...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Waheed Ullah Khan, Sajid Rashid Ahmad, Nasim Ahmad Yasin, Aamir Ali, Aqeel Ahmad, Waheed Akram
The current research was performed to evaluate the effect of Bacillus megaterium MCR-8 on mitigation of nickel (Ni) stress in Vinca rosea grown on Ni-contaminated soil (50, 100, and 200 mg Ni kg(-1) soil). The treated plants exhibited reduced growth, biomass, gas exchange capacity, and chlorophyll (Chl) content under Ni stress. The inoculated plants growing in Ni-contaminated media exhibited relatively higher growth, total soluble protein, and proline contents. Similarly, bacterial inoculation improved the activity of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) under Ni stress...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Hai-Hong Gu, Zheng Zhou, Yu-Qian Gao, Xue-Tao Yuan, Yan-Jun Ai, Jun-Ying Zhang, Wen-Zhe Zuo, Alicia A Taylor, Shi-Qing Nan, Fu-Ping Li
A greenhouse experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Funneliformis mosseae on three parameters: Pb, Zn, Cu and Cd accumulation, translocation and plant growth in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), showy stonecrop (Hylotelephium spectabile) and Purple Heart (Tradescantia pallida). The purpose of this work is to enhance site-specific phytostabilization of lead/zinc mine tailings using native plant species. The results showed that mycorrhizal fungi inoculation significantly increased plant biomass of F...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Rita de Cássia Souza de Queiroz, Rodrigo Santos Andrade, Isadora Rosário Dantas, Vinícius de Souza Ribeiro, Luciano Brito Rodrigues Neto, José Adolfo de Almeida Neto
Considering the diversity and the unexplored potential of regional aquatic flora, this study aimed to identify and analyze the potential of native aquatic macrophytes to reduce the organic matter of dairy wastewater (DW) using experimental constructed wetlands. The dairy wastewater (DW) had an average chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 7414.63 mg/L and then was diluted to 3133.16 mg/L (D1) and to 2506.53 mg/L (D2). Total solids, COD, temperature, and pH analyses were performed, and the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) was estimated from the COD values...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Harvinder Kaur Lehl, Soon-An Ong, Li-Ngee Ho, Yee-Shian Wong, Farah Naemah Mohd Saad, Yoong-Ling Oon, Yoong-Sin Oon, Wei-Eng Thung, Chin-Yii Yong
The objective of this study is to determine the reduction efficiency of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) as well as the removal of color and Amaranth dye metabolites by the Aerobic-anaerobic Baffled Constructed Wetland Reactor (ABCW). The ABCW reactor was planted with common reed (Phragmite australis) where the hydraulic retention time (HRT) was set to 1 day and was fed with synthetic wastewater with the addition of Amaranth dye. Supplementary aeration was supplied in designated compartments of the ABCW reactor to control the aerobic and anaerobic zones...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Beata Smolinska, Agnieszka Szczodrowska, Joanna Leszczynska
Some investigations have been carried out in this study to find the best technique of soil reclamation in mercurypolluted soil. In this study, we examined Lepidium sativum L. as a plant useful for Hg phytoextraction. The simultaneous application of compost and thiosulfate was explored as a possible method of enhancing the process of phytoextraction. The results of the investigations of plant protein changes during assisted Hg phytoextraction were also provided. The results of the study show that combined use of compost and thiosulfate significantly increased both the total Hg accumulation and its translocation to aerial plant tissues...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Małgorzata Majewska, Jolanta Jaroszuk-Ściseł
Mobilization of cadmium accumulated in Festuca ovina L. roots and simultaneous immobilization of this metal by soil were studied in three chambers connected into one system containing: (1) roots in an extractant solution, (2) soil in an extractant solution, and (3) extractant solution alone. Six extractants sterilized by filtration were used: 0.1 M NaNO3 (NA), 0.1 mM desferrioxamine B (NA + DFOB) and 1 mM citric acid (NA + CA) in NA, and a water extract of soil (SE) supplemented with the same compounds. SE mobilized 53% of the Cd introduced to the system with roots...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Premysl Landa, Sylva Prerostova, Lenka Langhansova, Petr Marsik, Tomas Vanek
Surface waters in urban areas are contaminated by ibuprofen (IBP), a popular and extensively used anti-inflammatory drug. In this study, we investigated the transcriptomic response in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. roots with the aim of revealing genes that are potentially involved in IBP detoxification and elucidating the effect of IBP on plants. IBP upregulated 63 and downregulated 38 transcripts (p-value < 0.1, fold change ≥2) after 2-day exposure to a 5-µM (1.03 mg/L) concentration of IBP under hydroponic conditions...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
V Campos, S S Lessa, R L Ramos, M C Shinzato, T A M Medeiros
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the remediation potential and disturbance response indicators of Impatiens walleriana exposed to benzene and chromium. Numerous studies over the years have found abundant evidence of the carcinogenicity of benzene and chromium (VI) in humans. Benzene and chromium are two toxic industrial chemicals commonly found together at contaminated sites, and one of the most common management strategies employed in the recovery of sites contaminated by petroleum products and trace metals is in situ remediation...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
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