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Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325502/rehearsal-using-patient-specific-simulation-to-improve-endovascular-efficiency
#1
Mathew Wooster, Adam Doyle, Sean Hislop, Roan Glocker, Paul Armstrong, Michael Singh, Karl A Illig
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rehearsal using patient-specific information loaded onto an endovascular simulator prior to carotid stenting improves procedural efficiency and outcomes. METHODS: Patients scheduled for carotid artery stenting who had adequate preoperative computed tomography (CT) imaging were considered for enrollment. After obtaining informed consent, patients were randomized to control versus rehearsal groups. Those in the rehearsal group had their CT scans loaded into an endovascular simulator (Angio Mentor) followed by case rehearsal by the attending on the simulator within 24 hours prior to the procedure; control patients underwent routine carotid stenting without rehearsal...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320978/two-vessel-branched-stent-graft-for-severely-angulated-aortic-arch-aneurysm-in-a-jehovah-s-witness
#2
Chung S Lim, A Dhutia, Celia Riga, A Dharmadasa, Richard G J Gibbs, Mohamad S Hamady
Aneurysmal disease involving the origins of supra aortic vessels often requires complex open and/or endovascular repair that is not only associated with significant risk of mortality and morbidity but also often with perioperative blood loss requiring transfusion. We report a successful repair of a large thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) involving the aortic arch with a custom-made Bolton Relay 2-vessel branched thoracic aortic endograft in a 42-year-old Jehovah's Witness who would otherwise be very unlikely to survive an open repair...
February 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237360/endovascular-treatment-of-thromboangiitis-obliterans-buerger-s-disease
#3
Mohammad-Hadi S Modaghegh, Shahab Hafezi
PURPOSE: When critical limb ischemia (CLI) occurs in patients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) or Buerger's disease, smoking cessation alone may be insufficient to relieve rest pain and promote wound healing. Accordingly, adjunctive measures are warranted to restore adequate blood flow required for limb salvage. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of patients with TAO and CLI. In addition, a review of the literature on endovascular management of TAO is included...
February 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237359/safety-and-outcomes-of-ipsilateral-antegrade-angioplasty-for-femoropopliteal-disease
#4
James Cragg, Danielle Lowry, Jonathan Hopkins, David Parker, Mark Kay, Martin Duddy, Alok Tiwari
PURPOSE: Previous reports have suggested higher periprocedural complications after ipsilateral antegrade femoral arterial access (AA). We looked at a contemporary series comparing complication rates between AA and contralateral retrograde femoral arterial access (RA) for femoropopliteal angioplasty. METHOD: A prospective review of all cases between 2010 and 2015 in a United Kingdom tertiary vascular center. Demographical and procedural data were obtained for those undergoing percutaneous femoropopliteal angioplasty...
February 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179651/endovascular-therapy-of-the-superficial-femoral-artery-via-a-stand-alone-transradial-access-a-single-center-experience
#5
Elias B Hanna, Bashar A Ababneh, Amit N Amin
OBJECTIVE: We describe our experience in transradial recanalization of the superficial femoral artery (SFA), and we provide a stepwise approach accounting for the patient's height and optimizing the yield of currently available devices. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen patients with simple SFA disease, including 4 patients with total SFA occlusions <15 cm, were selected for stand-alone transradial recanalization. A 6F, 125-cm multipurpose guiding catheter was used to cannulate the limb of interest and support device delivery...
February 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173136/studies-on-foam-decay-trend-and-influence-of-temperature-jump-on-foam-stability-in-sclerotherapy
#6
Taoping Bai, Yu Chen, Wentao Jiang, Fei Yan, Yubo Fan
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the influence of temperature jump and liquid-gas ratio on foam stability to derive the foam-decay law. METHODS: The experimental group conditions were as follows: mutation temperatures (10°C, 16°C, 20°C, 23°C, 25°C, and 27°C to >37°C) and liquid-gas ratios (1:1, 1:2, 1:3, and 1:4). The control group conditions were as follows: temperatures (10°C, 16°C, 20°C, 23°C, 25°C and 27°C) and liquid-gas ratios (1:1, 1:2, 1:3, and 1:4)...
February 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017434/transesophageal-echocardiogram-guided-stent-placement-in-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-secondary-to-granulomatous-lung-disease-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Kaiwen Sun, Rishi Batra, Nicholas W Markin, Melissa Suh, Iraklis I Pipinos, Ellen K Roberts, Jason N Mactaggart, B Timothy Baxter
Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening condition due to likely development of edema in the head and neck and potential respiratory compromise. Less than half of those affected by SVC syndrome survive more than a year. Obstruction can be from neoplasms or secondary to benign disease. Treatment for most cases of symptomatic SVC syndrome involves placement of a stent to relieve the stenosis. Serious complications such as stent migration, pulmonary embolism, and cardiac tamponade can occur in 5% to 10% of cases, and inadequate imaging of the SVC-atrial junction by fluoroscopy contributes to these problems...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969500/serial-follow-up-evaluation-with-computed-tomography-after-conservative-medical-treatment-in-patients-with-symptomatic-spontaneous-isolated-superior-mesenteric-artery-dissection
#8
Toshihisa Ichiba, Masahiko Hara, Keiji Yunoki, Masaki Urashima, Hiroshi Naitou
OBJECTIVE: There is no detailed information available about trend in the morphological change after conservative medical treatment in patients with symptomatic spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD). METHODS: We enrolled 27 consecutive patients with symptomatic SISMAD who underwent conservative medical treatment between 2006 and 2015. The long-term prognosis, natural history, and serial follow-up computed tomography (CT) findings of risk factors of rupture such as arterial diameter and false lumen enhancement were retrospectively assessed...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969499/initial-outcomes-of-cyanoacrylate-closure-venaseal-system-for-the-treatment-of-the-incompetent-great-and-small-saphenous-veins
#9
Insoo Park
PURPOSE: Cyanoacrylate closure of the saphenous vein with the VenaSeal system is a new technique just approved on December 2016 in Korea. Therefore, there are seldom reports about postprocedural outcomes of VenaSeal system in Asian countries. We report the initial outcomes of VenaSeal system for the treatment of great saphenous veins (GSVs) and small saphenous veins (SSVs) as a first report in Korea. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with incompetent saphenous veins (47 GSVs and 16 SSVs) were treated at a single session...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954598/endovascular-management-of-a-giant-high-flow-lower-limb-arteriovenous-malformation
#10
Belén Ramírez-Senent, José M Abadal, Esther Vázquez, Isabel Lago, Esther Gálvez, Miguel A Araujo, Manuel I de la Quintana
PURPOSE: High-flow arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) may pose a challenge for endovascular treatment due to high-flow rates. Incomplete treatment, recurrence, or even worsening can occur if a proper management is not performed. We report a case successfully treated with endovascular therapy. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old male was referred to our hospital with a soft tumor in the left thigh, limb asymmetry and associated pain. Doppler ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging showed an extensive high-flow AVM with a venous aneurysm of 40 mm diameter...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948856/preliminary-dual-center-experience-with-the-bolton-treovance-endograft
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Arron Thind, Dhruv Sarma, Abdel Kader Allouni, Feras Abdallah, David Murray, Kiran Thind, Chris Darby, Ashok Handa, Ed Sideso, Rafiuddin Patel, Mark Bratby, Raman Uberoi
PURPOSE: To present the performance and safety of the Treovance stent graft for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair in a "real-world" patient cohort. METHODS: Patients from 2 centers, deemed unfit for open repair, were electively treated with the Treovance endograft. Clinical preoperative, operative, and up to 1-year postoperative follow-up data of patients were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: This study included 46 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (44 male), mean age of 78 years ± 8 standard deviation (SD; range: 58-93 years)...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920529/surgical-interventions-for-organ-and-limb-ischemia-associated-with-primary-and-secondary-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-with-arterial-involvement
#12
Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Karla Bermudez-Serrato, Ramón García-Alva, Hugo Laparra-Escareno, Adriana Torres-Machorro, Rene Lizola
OBJECTIVE: The association of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and hypercoagulability is well known. Arterial compromise leading to ischemia of organs and/or limbs in patients with APS is uncommon, frequently unrecognized, and rarely described. We evaluated our institutional experience. METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted. From August 2007 to September 2016, 807 patients with diagnosis of APS were managed in our Institution. Patients with primary and secondary APS who required interventions were examined...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914176/intraoperative-gutter-leaks-that-merit-our-attention
#13
Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Marcelo Giarelli, Paul A Armstrong, Martin R Back, Murray L Shames
INTRODUCTION: The natural history and potential morbidity of gutter endoleaks are unclear. We present our experience with intraoperative gutter endoleaks and strategies to determine which of these require intervention. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients treated with parallel stent grafts from January 2010 to September 2015. We reviewed all operative records and intraoperative angiograms as well as all postoperative imaging and secondary interventions...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905682/management-of-post-traumatic-phlegmasia-cerulea-dolens-via-right-to-left-femoral-vein-to-femoral-vein-bypass-palma-procedure
#14
REVIEW
Anahita Dua, Jennifer Heller, Cheong Lee
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is a rare condition resulting from venous occlusion that impairs arterial flow. We report a rare case of post-traumatic PCD after ligation of the iliac vein with successful treatment by right-to-left femoral vein to femoral vein bypass using left great saphenous vein (Palma procedure). The clinical presentation, diagnostic process, and approach to management along with a literature review on the operative management of PCD are presented in this case report.
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859604/diagnosis-management-and-outcome-of-aortitis-at-a-single-center
#15
REVIEW
Nedaa Skeik, Claire A Ostertag-Hill, Ross F Garberich, Peter B Alden, Jason Q Alexander, Andrew H Cragg, Jesse M Manunga, Elliot J Stephenson, Jessica M Titus, Timothy M Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Aortitis is a rare condition with inflammatory or infectious etiology that can be difficult to diagnose due to the highly variable clinical presentation and nonspecific symptoms. However, current literature on the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of aortitis is extremely scarce. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients' charts who were diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, Takayasu arteritis, or noninfectious aortitis presenting at a single center between January 1, 2009, and April 17, 2015...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859600/two-cases-of-popliteal-cystic-adventitial-disease-treated-with-excision-and-primary-bypass-graft-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Mairead M Hennessy, Gerald McGreal, Gavin C O'Brien
Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a rare vascular pathology which predominantly affects peripheral vessels of young otherwise healthy males. Much debate exists regarding its exact etiology. It is characterized by a collection of mucinous material within the adventitial wall layer of the affected vessel, resulting in arterial stenosis and rapidly progressive calf claudication. Treatment is primarily surgical, although radiological interventions have been reported. Its rarity makes evidence-based surgical or radiological management difficult...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845749/patterns-of-acute-ischemic-strokes-after-carotid-endarterectomy-and-therapeutic-implications
#17
Fabien Lareyre, Juliette Raffort, Caroline Weill, Claire Marsé, Laurent Suissa, Julien Chikande, Réda Hassen-Khodja, Elixène Jean-Baptiste
AIM: Acute ischemic strokes following surgical treatment of carotid stenosis lead to substantial disability and mortality, and vascular mechanisms underlying their development are not fully elucidated. The goal of this study was to analyze the topographic patterns of acute ischemic stroke following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) on diffusion-weighted and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from consecutive patients who underwent CEA and developed postoperative acute ischemic stroke...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835199/long-term-results-of-ulnar-basilic-fistula-versus-radiocephalic-fistula-for-maintenance-hemodialysis-access
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yanan Zhen, Peng Liu, Zhidong Ye, Xia Zheng, Bo Ma, Guohui Fan, Yuguang Yang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare the rate of primary patency and secondary patency achieved by ulnar-basilic arteriovenous fistula (UBAVF) and radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVF) in the maintenance of hemodialysis access. METHODS: This retrospective analysis consists of 365 patients who had a forearm UBAVF or RCAVF between January 2012 and December 2015. Of these patients, 44 patients were treated with UBAVF, while 321 patients were treated with RCAVF...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820047/reversal-of-spinal-cord-ischemia-following-endovascular-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-repair-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#19
Emmanuel Urquieta, Joseph Varon, Peter H Lin
BACKGROUND: Neurological adverse events with spinal cord ischemia (SCI) remain one of the most feared complications in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). These patients can develop irreversible paraplegia with lifelong consequences with physical and psychological agony. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein present a patient who developed SCI with bilateral lower leg paraplegia on the third postoperative day following TEVAR. Spinal catheter was inserted for spinal fluid drainage...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784056/endovascular-treatment-of-spontaneous-renal-artery-dissection-after-failure-of-medical-management
#20
Gerardo A Vitiello, Sheila N Blumberg, Mikel Sadek
Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare disease with approximately 200 cases reported in the literature. The severity of renal compromise, the anatomic location of the dissection, and the presence of uncontrollable hypertension are used to guide the initial management of SRAD. However, there are no reported guidelines for managing the progression of SRAD after acute failure of medical management. In this case, a 40-year-old man with a recently diagnosed SRAD was managed appropriately with therapeutic anticoagulation, yet presented with progression of his dissection and a new acute renal infarct...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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