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Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677408/delayed-sigmoid-ischemic-rupture-following-open-repair-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#1
Thomas Kotsis, Panagitsa Christoforou, Nikolaos Asaloumidis, Ioannis Papaconstantinou
Colon ischemia following aortic reconstruction is a severe complication with an incidence of 1% to 2% of the operated patients; this infrequent complication will be lethal for nearly half of these patients. Commonly, colon ischemia may be an intraoperative observation or an early postoperative finding. However, in the case presented here, sigmoid rupture and small and large intestine communication was revealed 3 months following repair of the abdominal aorta. A 71-year-old man, following open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, went home on the fifth postoperative day...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656809/a-systematic-review-of-predictors-of-reintervention-after-evar-guidance-for-risk-stratified-surveillance
#2
REVIEW
Shaneel R Patel, Chris Allen, Matthew J Grima, Jack R W Brownrigg, Benjamin O Patterson, Peter J E Holt, Matt M Thompson, Alan Karthikesalingam
BACKGROUND: Current surveillance protocols after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) are ineffective and costly. Stratifying surveillance by individual risk of reintervention requires an understanding of the factors involved in developing post-EVAR complications. This systematic review assessed risk factors for reintervention after EVAR and proposals for stratified surveillance. METHODS: A systematic search according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was performed using EMBASE and MEDLINE databases to identify studies reporting on risk factors predicting reintervention after EVAR and proposals for stratified surveillance...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651454/chimney-technique-in-supra-aortic-branch-reconstruction-in-china-a-systematic-and-critical-review-of-chinese-published-experience
#3
REVIEW
Yang Zhao, Yawei Shi, Mian Wang, Jin Cui, Yitian Chen, Liang Zheng, Henghui Yin, Guangqi Chang
BACKGROUND: The chimney graft (CG) technique has been proposed as a complete endovascular supra-aortic branch reconstruction for aortic pathologies. Due to the rapid growth of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in China, we aimed to investigate the current data of the CG technique in this most populous country. METHODS: Studies of supra-aortic branch reconstruction using the CG technique from Chinese centers were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 294 patients from Chinese centers who underwent TEVAR with CGs were included...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618851/crush-deformation-of-a-balloon-expandable-stent-implanted-in-an-infrainguinal-bypass-graft
#4
Nida Ahmed, Rym El-Khoury, Moustafa N Sabri, John V White, Chad E Jacobs, Lewis B Schwartz
A 59-year-old man with critical claudication underwent left femoro-anterior bypass grafting, which was uneventful. The graft was tunneled medially across the knee, then anterior to the tibia. His symptoms recurred 1 year later and he was found to have critical stenosis of the vein graft just proximal to the anterior tibial arterial anastomosis. This was treated with scaffolded balloon angioplasty and implantation of a coronary, zotarolimus-eluting balloon-expandable stent, which was also uneventful. However, his claudication again recurred 1 year later...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618847/a-fatal-aortic-arch-rupture-due-to-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-in-a-24-year-old-woman
#5
Fabien Lareyre, Charlotte Cohen, Serge Declemy, Juliette Raffort, Hervé Quintard
Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a life-threatening disease which often develops from a purulent infection of the oral cavity and is associated with high rates of mortality. Here we report the case of a young patient who died from an aortic arch rupture in context of DNM developed from an odontogenic infection caused by Prevotella buccae. Based on the current knowledge on this very rare vascular complication, we discuss factors that may have contributed to this fatal issue and future issues to optimize care provided to patients...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606011/delayed-endovascular-stenting-of-right-subclavian-artery-pseudoaneurysm-caused-by-gunshot-accident-in-a-syrian-refugee-a-case-report
#6
Khaled Alawneh, Liqaa Raffee, Shadi Hamouri
Sharp penetrating injuries causing right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm are considered rare. Surgical repair is reportedly associated with a high mortality rate and is considered technically challenging. (1) In this case report, we report the successful endovascular repair of a delayed pseudoaneurysm of the right subclavian artery caused by a gunshot injury in a 22-year-old Syrian refugee that was associated with significant right brachial panplexopathy. The patient was successfully managed with angioplastic ballooning of the stenotic region of the artery and a covered self-expanding stent...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604285/hybrid-treatment-of-extracranial-carotid-artery-disease
#7
Joseph Bozzay, Mike Broce, Albeir Y Mousa
OBJECTIVE: High-degree stenosis of both innominate (IA) or left common carotid artery (CCA) and carotid bifurcation is uncommon but still represents a significant challenge to interventionists in many aspects including techniques, timing, and priority. There are several strategies for intervention that have been reported in the literature. A well-described, less-invasive strategy for extracranial tandem carotid lesions is concomitant carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with retrograde carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS)...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604282/peripheral-artery-stent-dehiscence-percutaneous-management
#8
Satish Karur, Ravindranath K Shankarappa, Manjunath C Nanjappa
An elderly male presented with left abdominal swelling of 1-week duration and inability to move the left lower limb. He had undergone bilateral common iliac and left external iliac artery stenting with self-expandable stents for aortoiliac occlusive disease 1 month back. Clinical examination revealed tender abdominal nonpulsatile mass with systolic bruit. Ultrasonography suggested retroperitoneal hematoma. His hemoglobin was 7 g%. Echocardiogram showed ejection fraction of 40%. Computed tomography angiogram revealed large 10 × 10 retroperitoneal hematoma with possibility of continued bleeding from the left external iliac artery...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602156/fractured-superior-mesenteric-artery-stent-with-stent-displacement-leading-to-recurrent-symptoms-of-superior-mesenteric-ischemia
#9
Robert Juszkat, Michał Klimont, Magdalena Śliwa, Zbigniew Krasiński
We report a case of a patient with recurrent symptoms of superior mesenteric ischemia 7 months after successful percutaneous angioplasty and implantation of a stent in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Stent fracture and stent displacement were observed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of SMA stent fracture with stent displacement.
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560886/ultrasound-guided-thrombin-injection-is-a-safe-and-effective-treatment-for-femoral-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-the-morbidly-obese
#10
Taehwan Yoo, Jean E Starr, Michael R Go, Patrick S Vaccaro, Bhagwan Satiani, Mounir J Haurani
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) is a well-established practice for the treatment of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm. This procedure is highly successful but dependent on appropriate pseudoaneurysm anatomy and adequate ultrasound visualization. Morbid obesity can present a significant technical challenge due to increased groin adiposity, resulting in poor visualization of critical structures needed to safely perform the procedure. We aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of UGTI to treat femoral artery pseudoaneurysm in the morbidly obese...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548006/management-of-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-complications-via-retrograde-catheterization-through-the-distal-stent-graft-landing-zone
#11
Xicheng Zhang, Yuan Sun, Zhaolei Chen, Yuanhu Jing, Miao Xu
OBJECTIVE: A retrograde technique through the gap between the distal stent landing zone and the iliac artery wall has been applied to treat type II endoleak after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). In this study, we tried to investigate its efficacy in the management of type III endoleak and intraoperative accidental events. METHODS: We reported 2 complications of EVAR that were difficult to treat with conventional methods. One patient had a sustained type III endoleak after EVAR, and the right renal artery was accidentally sealed by a graft stent in the other patient during the operation...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535730/palliative-endovascular-techniques-for-management-of-peripheral-vascular-blowout-syndrome-in-end-stage-malignancies
#12
Lauren A Huntress, Samuel Kogan, Khanjan Nagarsheth, Naiem Nassiri
Vascular blowout syndrome (VBOS) secondary to neoplastic erosion is a dreadful complication of advanced stage malignancies that can compromise quality of life and overall prognosis in a fragile patient population. Endovascular therapy can offer minimally invasive, life-saving maneuvers both acutely and prophylactically. Four patients with end-stage malignancies eroding into various peripheral vascular beds with impending, threatened, and acute VBOS underwent successful endovascular management. Technical success was achieved in all patients with no perioperative morbidity or mortality...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514895/outcomes-after-use-of-aortouniiliac-endoprosthesis-versus-modular-or-unibody-bifurcated-endoprostheses-for-endovascular-repair-of-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Prateek K Gupta, Kelly Kempe, Reshma Brahmbhatt, Himani Gupta, Jorge Montes, R Armour Forse, Shaun M Stickley, Michael J Rohrer
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes after endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) have been widely published. There is, however, controversy on the role of the use of aortouniiliac endoprosthesis (AUI) versus modular or unibody bifurcated endoprosthesis (MUB) for repair of rAAAs. We study and compare 30-day outcomes after use of AUI and MUB for all rAAAs focusing specifically on patients with instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent EVAR for rAAA (n = 425) using AUI (n = 55; 12...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480823/clinical-course-of-hemodialysis-access-after-initial-endovascular-intervention-for-stenosis-in-asian-renal-failure-patients
#14
Dewahar Senthoor, Kyi Zin Thant, Tze-Kiat Ng, Pei Ho
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and arteriovenous fistula graft (AVG) access for hemodialysis can develop stenosis, eventually leading to thrombosis and access failure. Prompt endovascular intervention can salvage the access but restenosis does occur. Clinical course, restenosis pattern, and risk factors associated with initial stenosis of AVFs/AVGs in Asian hemodialysis patients were studied. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted (January 2009-June 2012) on consecutive patients with renal failure who developed the first-time stenosis in the vascular access and were managed with endovascular intervention...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446074/open-repair-of-hepatic-artery-and-celiac-artery-aneurysms-in-a-patient-with-prior-aortic-dissection-with-an-iliac-to-hepatic-artery-bypass
#15
Seema Joshi, Moshe Halak, Arie Ariche, Daniel Silverberg
A 67-year-old male with a history of an aortic dissection was found to have a large hepatic and celiac artery aneurysm. Due to the extent of the dissection within the aorta, a bypass was performed from his iliac artery to the hepatic bifurcation, followed by exclusion and ligation of the aneurysms.
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376703/symptomatic-delayed-aortic-dissection-after-superior-mesenteric-artery-stenting-for-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia
#16
Cindy Huynh, Robert Schwartz
Chronic mesenteric ischemia most commonly occurs secondary to atherosclerotic disease of the mesenteric arteries. Patients are often older than 60 years and can present with postprandial abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, and significant weight loss. Symptomatic disease has traditionally been managed with open surgical repair, but endovascular strategies, such as percutaneous angioplasty and stenting, have emerged as the mainstays of therapy. Complications from stenting include plaque embolization, thrombosis, perforation, or dissection of the mesenteric arteries...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639918/midterm-analysis-of-survival-and-cause-of-death-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#17
Gerard M Healy, Ciaran E Redmond, Sam Gray, Lucian Iacob, Stephen Sheehan, Joseph F Dowdall, Mary Barry, Colin P Cantwell, David P Brophy
PURPOSE: To assess rates of complications, secondary interventions, survival, and cause of death following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-institution retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing primary endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) between July 2006 and June 2015. The population constituted 175 patients with 163 fusiform and 12 saccular AAAs. Of these, 149 (85%) were male, with mean age 75...
July 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639917/concomitant-staple-aneurysmorrhaphy-and-flow-calibrated-arteriovenous-fistula-banding-over-a-coronary-dilator-to-treat-hand-steal-syndrome
#18
Jennifer Baker, Rafael D Malgor
BACKGROUND: True venous aneurysm formation can occur in patients with arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) for hemodialysis but association with steal syndrome is uncommon. METHODS: To describe a case of a patient on chronic hemodialysis through a right brachiocephalic fistula, who presents with associated steal syndrome and true arteriovenous access aneurysm. RESULTS: A 34-year-old female with true AVF aneurysm presented with hand steal syndrome confirmed by noninvasive studies...
July 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639916/benefits-of-long-versus-short-thrombolysis-times-for-acutely-thrombosed-hemodialysis-native-fistulas
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Susanne Regus, Werner Lang, Marco Heinz, Michael Uder, Axel Schmid
INTRODUCTION: Local thrombolysis with a time of exposure to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator of 15 to 150 minutes is commonly used to declot acutely thrombosed hemodialysis fistulas. The duration of thrombolysis for the restoration of arteriovenous blood flow remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of long thrombolysis treatment (LTT, 3 hours or more) and short thrombolysis treatment (STT, less than 3 hours) in our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 86 interventional declotting procedures (28 STT and 58 LTT) applied to 86 acutely thrombosed hemodialysis fistulas...
July 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595481/retrograde-popliteal-access-to-percutaneous-peripheral-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusion-of-superficial-femoral-arteries
#20
Mert Dumantepe
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present our initial experience with the use of the retrograde popliteal artery access in patients with chronic total occlusions of superficial femoral artery (SFA). METHOD: From July 2012 to May 2014, a total of 28 patients (20 men, mean age 61.2 ± 11.5 years) with total occlusion of the SFA and good distal runoff were treated with percutaneous atherectomy, balloon angioplasty, and stenting (mean length 165.3 ± 57.5 mm, range 72-336 mm)...
July 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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