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Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424044/emergent-carotid-thromboendarterectomy-for-acute-symptomatic-occlusion-of-the-extracranial-internal-carotid-artery
#1
Igor Gunka, Dagmar Krajickova, Michal Lesko, Stanislav Jiska, Jan Raupach, Miroslav Lojik, Radovan Maly
BACKGROUND: Strokes secondary to acute internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion are associated with an extremely poor prognosis. The best treatment approach in this setting is still unknown. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and outcomes of emergent surgical revascularization of acute extracranial ICA occlusion in patients with minor to severe ischemic stroke. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed using prospectively collected data of consecutive patients who underwent carotid thromboendarterectomy for symptomatic acute ICA occlusion during the period from January 2013 to December 2015...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424043/nutcracker-syndrome-case-report-on-the-management-of-recurrent-stenosis-after-stenting
#2
Natasha Hansraj, Abdul Hamdi, Ali Khalifeh, Eric Wise, Rajabrata Sarkar, Shahab Toursavadkohi
Nutcracker syndrome is a clinical entity leading to renal venous hypertension due to extrinsic compression of the left renal vein by the superior mesenteric artery. Current surgical therapy involves placement of an oversized renal vein stent with partial protrusion into the inferior vena cava (IVC) to relieve stenosis and prevent stent migration. Here, we present a patient with intractable pain and hematuria secondary to nutcracker syndrome who underwent left renal vein stent placement and developed recurrent symptoms due to flow-limiting kinking at the left renal hilum, with partial obstruction of the IVC from pseudointimal hyperplasia...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424042/the-effect-of-a-new-angiographic-imaging-technology-on-radiation-dose-in-visceral-embolization-procedures
#3
Frederic Baumann, Constantino Peña, Roman Kloeckner, Barry T Katzen, Ripal Gandhi, James B Benenati
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a new angiographic imaging technology on radiation dose during visceral embolization procedures involving both fluoroscopy and digital subtraction angiography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis from a single-center consecutive series of patients was performed comparing 2 angiographic imaging systems. The AlluraClarity (CIQ; Philips Healthcare, Best, the Netherlands) was used in 100 patients (n = 59 male, mean age: 70...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424041/endovascular-treatment-of-massive-axillary-artery-aneurysm-for-palliation
#4
David A Epstein, M Taha Ibrahim, Randall W Franz
Atherosclerotic axillary artery aneurysms are rare. We report a case of a ninety six year old female who presented with a pulsatile left breast mass causing her intractable pain. She was diagnosed with a massive axillary artery aneurysm which was treated with and endovascular aneurysm repair for palliation of her symptoms.
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424040/challenges-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#5
Sarah Soo-Hoo, Jenny Seong, Brandon R Porten, Nedaa Skeik
Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic vasculitis of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation of the aorta and its main branches. Although Takayasu arteritis mostly affects women of childbearing age, there is a paucity in the literature on pregnancy associated with Takayasu arteritis. Pregnant patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications, including hypertension and congestive heart failure, which may jeopardize both maternal and fetal outcomes. Furthermore, optimal management has not yet been established for pregnant patients with Takayasu arteritis, posing a clinical challenge...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424039/endovascular-treatment-of-ischemic-stroke-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-efficacy-and-safety
#6
Simone Vidale, Elio Agostoni
BACKGROUND: Recent randomized trials demonstrated the superiority of the mechanical thrombectomy over the best medical treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to an occlusion of arteries of proximal anterior circulation. In this updated meta-analysis, we aimed to summarize the total clinical effects of the treatment, including the last trials. METHODS: We performed literature search of Randomized Crontrolled Trials (RCTs) published between 2010 and October 2016, comparing endovenous thrombolysis plus mechanical thrombectomy (intervention group) with best medical care alone (control group)...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424038/a-novel-method-for-the-treatment-of-bilateral-hypogastric-aneurysms-using-hybrid-polytetrafluoroethylene-graft
#7
Sam Tyagi, D Pineda, H Zheng, M Dougherty, K Calligaro, D Troutman
Open aortic aneurysm repair in the setting of bilateral hypogastric aneurysms is technically challenging. We present a novel technique for open surgical repair for bilateral hypogastric aneurysms using the Gore hybrid vascular graft (GVHG; W. L. Gore and Associates Inc, Flagstaff, Arizona). The GVHG is an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft with a nitinol stent at 1 end designed for hemodialysis access. The GVHG has been also been used for aortic debranching and treatment of occlusive disease. We describe the first report using GVHG to repair hypogastric aneurysms...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424037/aortic-customized-stent-graft-treatment-of-postnephrectomy-renal-pedicle-arteriovenous-fistula
#8
Francisco Manresa-Manresa, José María Sánchez-Rodríguez, Verónica Nacarino-Mejías, Javier Peiró de Las Heras, Juan Francisco Ponce-González
A postnephrectomy renal acquired arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare clinical entity that may cause high-output heart failure. Most of the cases are identified time along after surgery. We present a case of a postnephrectomy renal AVF treated with aortic customized stent-graft.
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376705/a-double-nellix-and-chimney-covered-stents-challenging-treatment-of-pararenal-aortic-aneurysm
#9
Nazzareno Stella, Roberta Ficarelli, Raffaele Dito, Domitilla Brancadoro, Michele Rossi, Maurizio Taurino
A 77-year-old male patient presented with a symptomatic, 66-mm pararenal aortic aneurysm. The patient was classified as unsuitable for open surgery due to significant comorbidities. Fenestrated or branched endografts were contraindicated due to the poor iliac access (6 mm diameter). A double Nellix with chimney endovascular aneurysm sealing (ChEVAS) technique was selected to exclude the pararenal aortic aneurysm and to preserve renal arteries and the superior mesenteric artery. Technical preplanning considered the ideal proximal landing zone to be close to the origin of the almost occluded celiac trunk and the distal common iliac arteries as the ideal distal landing zone...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376704/management-of-isolated-atherosclerotic-stenosis-of-the-common-femoral-artery-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
David Halpin, Young Erben, Sasanka Jayasuriya, Bennett Cua, Sunny Jhamnani, Carlos Mena-Hurtado
OBJECTIVE: Common femoral endarterectomy (CFE) remains the standard of care for treatment of atherosclerotic stenosis of the common femoral artery (CFA). Endovascular interventions have become the first-line therapy for atherosclerotic disease of the aortoiliac and femoropopliteal systems. Recent reports have documented high rates of technical success and low rates of complications with endovascular management of CFA stenosis. This study is a contemporary review of the surgical and endovascular literature on the management CFA stenosis and compares the results of these methods...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330439/impact-of-preoperative-anemia-and-postoperative-hemoglobin-drop-on-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-type-b-acute-aortic-syndromes-undergoing-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#11
Riccardo Gorla, Konstantinos Tsagakis, Michael Horacek, Amir-Abbas Mahabadi, Philipp Kahlert, Heinz Jakob, Eduardo Bossone, Raimund Erbel, Rolf Alexander Jánosi
BACKGROUND: The impact of preoperative anemia and postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) drop on the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B acute aortic syndromes (AAS) as well as their prognostic value is unknown. METHODS: This retrospective study included 144 patients with type B AAS undergoing TEVAR at our center. Preoperative anemia was classified as no/mild (Hb ≥ 12.0 g/dL in men; ≥11.3 g/dL in women), moderate (Hb 10...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330438/endovascular-repair-of-a-splenic-artery-aneurysm-with-anomalous-origin-from-the-superior-mesenteric-artery
#12
Lalithapriya Jayakumar, Francis J Caputo, Joseph V Lombardi
A 22 year old female with a history of recurrent abdominal pain was transferred to our institution with a diagnosis of splenic artery aneurysm identified on imaging. CT angiography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a partially thrombosed 3.0 cm splenic artery aneurysm without signs of rupture and with an anomalous origin from the superior mesenteric artery. The patient was successfully treated with endovascular exclusion of the aneurysm. Herein we review some of the nuances of endovascular repair of splenic artery aneurysm...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330437/long-term-outcomes-of-fistula-first-initiative-in-an-urban-university-hospital-is-it-still-relevant
#13
Jacques Greenberg, Senthil Jayarajan, Sridhar Reddy, Frank A Schmieder, Andrew B Roberts, Paul S van Bemmelen, Jean Lee, Eric T Choi
PURPOSE: Dialysis access failure is a major cause of morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease. The Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative (FFBI) dictates arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) should be preferred over arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) as first line for surgically placed accesses. The purpose of this study was to compare patency rates of surgical dialysis accesses in our mature, urban population after the FFBI. METHODS: Current dialysis patients with accesses placed between 2006 and 2011 were included...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330436/venous-compression-syndromes
#14
Joseph M White, Anthony J Comerota
Venous compression syndromes occur due to extrinsic compression causing complications of venous hypertension or venous thrombosis. This review focuses on 4 venous compression syndromes involving the left common iliac vein, subclavian vein, left renal vein, and popliteal vein. Clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and management options are reviewed. When properly diagnosed and treated, long-term consequences can be avoided.
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330435/idiopathic-carotidynia
#15
Aleksandra Policha, David Williams, Mark Adelman, Frank Veith, Neal S Cayne
Idiopathic carotidynia is a syndrome characterized by pain and tenderness over the carotid artery without an associated structural luminal abnormality. Controversy exists over whether this is a distinct disease entity or merely a symptom attributable to other causes of neck pain, such as carotid dissection or vasculitis. A 50-year-old woman presented with sudden-onset right neck pain. Imaging studies demonstrated transmural inflammation of the proximal internal carotid artery, without evidence of intraluminal pathology...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183219/cilostazol-may-improve-maturation-rates-and-durability-of-vascular-access-for-hemodialysis
#16
Todd E Russell, Gregory C Kasper, Andrew J Seiwert, Anthony J Comerota, Fedor Lurie
Cilostazol is effective in controlling pathophysiological pathways similar or identical to those involved in nonmaturation and failure of the arteriovenous access. This case-control study examined whether cilostazol would improve maturation rates and durability of vascular access for hemodialysis. The treatment group included 33 patients who received cilostazol for ≥30 days prior to creation of a dialysis access and continued with cilostazol therapy for ≥60 days after surgery. The matched (gender, age, race, diabetes, and the year of surgery) control group included 116 patients who underwent the same procedure but did not receive cilostazol prior to and at least 3 months after surgery...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209089/regarding-management-of-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-a-critical-review-and-treatment-algorithm
#17
COMMENT
Zhongzhi Jia, Feng Tian, Guomin Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209088/commentary-on-lower-extremity-revascularization-in-the-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#18
COMMENT
Richard F Neville
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147897/multiple-aneurysms-and-a-transplanted-kidney-in-beh%C3%A3-et-disease
#19
Oroog Ali, Philip Nicholl, David Carruthers, James Geoghegan, Alok Tiwari
Arterial manifestation of Behçet disease represents a challenging clinical scenario with a potential for fatal complications. This case depicts the surgical management of a 4.5-cm infrarenal aortic aneurysm and a 6-cm left renal artery aneurysm in a patient with known Behçet disease. The presence of a contralateral living donor kidney transplant added to the complexity of the case. Open surgical repair was performed on both aneurysms with the use of axillofemoral bypass to protect the transplanted kidney...
February 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118796/mechanical-recanalization-for-acute-embolic-occlusion-at-the-origin-of-the-superior-mesenteric-artery
#20
Yoichi Miura, Tomohiro Araki, Mio Terashima, Junya Tsuboi, Yasuhiro Saito, Kenji Kanamaru, Hidenori Suzuki
PURPOSE: We report a combined technique consisting of thrombectomy and thromboaspiration for the treatment of acute embolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) at the origin. CASE: A 90-year-old female with chronic atrial fibrillation had a sudden onset of abdominal pain and hematochezia due to acute embolic occlusion at the origin of the SMA. Computed tomographic findings showed reversible bowel wall ischemia. We performed mechanical thrombectomy using the Solitaire FR revascularization device, a self-expanding and fully retrievable stent-based thrombectomy system for acute intracranial large artery occlusion, combined with manual aspiration through a 6F guiding sheath placed at the SMA origin via a right brachial approach...
February 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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