Read by QxMD icon Read

Macromolecular Bioscience

Laura Mecozzi, Oriella Gennari, Romina Rega, Luigi Battista, Pietro Ferraro, Simonetta Grilli
A simple and rapid process for multiscale printing of bioinks with dot widths ranging from hundreds of microns down to 0.5 μm is presented. The process makes use of spontaneous surface charges generated pyroelectrically that are able to draw little daughter droplets directly from the free meniscus of a mother drop through jetting ("p-jet"), thus avoiding time-consuming and expensive fabrication of microstructured nozzles. Multiscale can be easily achieved by modulating the parameters of the p-jet process. Here, it is shown that the p-jet allows us to print well-defined adhesion islands where NIH-3T3 fibroblasts are constrained to live into cluster configurations ranging from 20 down to single cell level...
October 19, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Jelmer Sjollema, Heidrun Keul, Henny van der Mei, René Dijkstra, Minie Rustema-Abbing, Joop de Vries, Ton Loontjens, Ton Dirks, Henk Busscher
Various potential anti-infection strategies can be thought of for biomaterial implants and devices. Permanent, tissue-integrated implants such as artificial joint prostheses require a different anti-infection strategy than, for instance, removable urinary catheters. The different requirements set to biomaterials implants and devices in different clinical applications call for tailor-made strategies. Here, a modular coating-concept for biomaterials is reported, which in its full, trifunctional form comprises nonadhesiveness to bacteria and antimicrobial release, combined with enhanced tissue integration characteristics...
October 19, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Oleksandr Zagorodko, Juan José Arroyo-Crespo, Vicent J Nebot, María J Vicent
Synthetic polypeptides or polyamino acids have become a useful and multifunctional platform in advanced drug delivery studies. Nonetheless, the full potential of these systems has yet to be achieved. The final structure of polypeptide conjugates and their in vivo behavior are dependent on an extraordinarily complex pattern of interconnected physico-chemical and structural parameters, making sophisticated directional design of such systems difficult and often unachievable. In this review, the authors aim to discuss the role of these parameters in the successful design of different drug delivery architectures and to delineate some basic correlations between structure, properties, and the biological behavior of polypeptide-based conjugates...
October 18, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Silvia Panzavolta, Paola Torricelli, Sonia Casolari, Annapaola Parrilli, Sofia Amadori, Milena Fini, Adriana Bigi
The systemic administration of bisphosphonates (BPs) for the treatment of metabolic diseases characterized by abnormal bone loss suffers from several adverse side effects, which can be reduced by implementation of alternative modes of administration. In this work, glutaraldehyde cross-linked gelatin scaffolds are proposed as delivery systems of calcium alendronate monohydrate (CaAL•H2 O). The 3D highly porous scaffolds display a relevant interconnected porosity (>94%), independently from CaAL•H2 O content (0, 3, and 6 wt%)...
October 17, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Muhammad Sallouh, Marvin Jarocki, Omar Sallouh, Patrick Degen, Andreas Faissner, Ralf Weberskirch
This article reports the behavior of embryonic neural stem cells on a hydrogel that combines cationic, non-specific cell adhesion motifs with glycine-arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine-phenylalanine (GRGDSF)-peptides as specific cell adhesion moieties. Therefore, three hydrogels are prepared by free radical polymerization that contains either a GRGDSF-peptide residue (P1), amino ethylmethacrylate as a cationic residue (P2), or a combination of both motifs (P3). For each gel, cross linker concentrations of 8 mol% is used to have a comparable gel stiffness of 8-9 kPa...
October 17, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Fereshteh Esfandiari, Mohammad Kazemi Ashtiani, Mehdi Sharifi-Tabar, Maryam Saber, Hamed Daemi, Mohammad Hossein Ghanian, Abdolhossein Shahverdi, Hossein Baharvand
Producing meiosis-competent germ cells (GCs) from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is essential for developing advanced therapies for infertility. Here, a novel approach is presented for generation of GCs from ESCs. In this regard, microparticles (MPs) have been developed from alginate sulfate loaded with bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4). The results here show that BMP4 release from alginate sulfate MPs is significantly retarded by the sulfated groups compared to neat alginate. Then, BMP4-laden MPs are incorporated within the aggregates during differentiation of GCs from ESCs...
October 17, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Bas van Bochove, Gerjon Hannink, Pieter Buma, Dirk W Grijpma
Three-armed poly(trimethylene carbonate) macromers with a relatively high molecular weight of 28.9 kg mol(-1) are prepared by ring opening polymerization and subsequent functionalization with methacrylate end groups. A resin suitable for processing by stereolithography is developed using propylene carbonate as a diluent, a photoinitiator, and a dye to control the curing characteristics. The difficulties in building designed structures with digital light processing stereolithography and the ways of optimizing the resin compositions are described in detail...
October 17, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Hinojal Zazo, Clara I Colino, Klaudia T Warzecha, Mareike Hoss, Uwe Gbureck, Christian Trautwein, Frank Tacke, José M Lanao, Matthias Bartneck
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a global pandemic and there is an urgent need for innovative treatment. Immune cells represent a major target of virus infection, but are also therapeutic targets. Currently, no antiretroviral therapy targets macrophages, which function as portal of entry and as major long-term deposit of HIV. It has been shown before that human macrophages efficiently internalize gold nanoparticles, a fact which might be used to target them with drug-nanoparticle conjugates...
October 17, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Peng Mi, Fang Wang, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Horacio Cabral
Several imaging modalities have been widely applied for the detection of cancer and its pathological activity in combination with probes capable of improving the contrast between healthy and cancerous tissues. Biocompatible polymeric nanoassemblies have been developed for precise detection of malignant tumors by enhancing the selectivity and sensitivity of the imaging. Exploiting the compartmentalized structure of the nanoassemblies advantageously allows delivering both imaging and therapeutic agents for cancer multifunctional imaging and theranostics, i...
October 14, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Neda Khameh Khorshid, Kaizheng Zhu, Kenneth D Knudsen, Sara Bekhradnia, Sverre Arne Sande, Bo Nyström
The thermoresponsive amphiphilic block copolymer poly(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEGn -PLGA), which exhibits a reversible temperature-induced sol-gel transition at higher polymer concentrations in aqueous solution has attached a great deal of interest because of its potential in biomedical applications. In the present work, the length of the hydrophobic PLGA blocks is kept constant, whereas the length of the hydrophilic PEG block is altered and this variation has a pronounced impact on the phase behavior of the aqueous samples and the structure of the polymer...
October 14, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Raquel Palao-Suay, María Rosa Aguilar, Francisco J Parra-Ruiz, Samarendra Maji, Richard Hoogenboom, Nathan A Rohner, Susan N Thomas, Julio San Román
Well-structured amphiphilic copolymers are necessary to obtain self-assembled nanoparticles (NPs) based on synthetic polymers. Highly homogeneous and monodispersed macromolecules obtained by controlled polymerization have successfully been used for this purpose. However, disaggregation of the organized macromolecules is desired when a bioactive element, such as α-tocopheryl succinate, is introduced in self-assembled NPs and this element must be exposed or released to exert its action. The aim of this work is to demonstrate that the bioactivity of synthetic NPs based on defined reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization copolymers can be enhanced by the introduction of hydrophilic comonomers in the hydrophobic segment...
October 14, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Mengen Zhang, Wei Shen
Affinity-based cell separation is label-free and highly specific, but it is difficult to efficiently and gently release affinity-captured cells due to the multivalent nature of cell-material interactions. To address this challenge, we have developed a platform composed of a capture substrate and a cell-releasing molecular trigger. The capture substrate is functionalized with a cell-capture antibody and a coiled-coil A. The cell-releasing molecular trigger B-PEG (polyethylene glycol), a conjugate of a coiled-coil B and polyethylene glycol, can drive efficient and gentle release of the captured cells, because A/B heterodimerization brings B-PEG to the substrate and PEG chains adopt extended conformations and break nearby multivalent antibody-biomarker interactions...
October 14, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Tianyuan Ci, Yuning Shen, Shuquan Cui, Ruili Liu, Lin Yu, Jiandong Ding
Inadequate drug loading of hydrophobic drugs is a classic problem when hydrogels are utilized as sustained-release carriers of drugs. Herein, a strategy to load plenty of hydrophobic drugs is presented. The antitumor drug 10-hydroxycamptothecin in the thermogel of poly(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) is employed. The drug is soluble in an alkaline medium, yet insoluble in a neutral/acidic medium. The crystallization is triggered after adding an alkaline drug solution into an acidic copolymer solution...
October 14, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Elita Montanari, Arianna Gennari, Maria Pelliccia, Charlotte Gourmel, Enrique Lallana, Pietro Matricardi, Andrew J McBain, Nicola Tirelli
Nanoparticles based on hyaluronic acid (HA) are designed to deliver tannic acid (TA) as an antimicrobial agent. The presence of HA makes these particles potentially useful to target bacteria that colonize cells presenting HA membrane receptors (e.g. CD44), such as macrophages. HA bearing 3-aminophenyl boronic acid groups (HA-APBA) is reacted with TA, yielding nanoparticles with a size that decreases with decreasing HA molecular weight (e.g. 200 nm for 44 kDa, 400 nm for 737 kDa). The boronate esters make the nanoparticles stable at physiological pH, but their hydrolysis in an acidic environment (pH = 5) leads to swelling/solubilization, therefore potentially allowing TA release in endosomal compartments...
October 13, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Mar Fernández-Gutiérrez, Marta Rodriguez-Mancheño, Bárbara Pérez-Köhler, Gemma Pascual, Juan Manuel Bellón, Julio San Román
The article deals with a comparative analysis of the parameters of the polymerization in physiological conditions of three commercially available alkyl cyanoacrylates, n-butyl cyanoacrylate (GLUBRAN 2), n-hexyl cyanoacrylate (IFABOND), and n-octyl cyanoacrylate (EVOBOND), the cell behavior of the corresponding polymers and the application of these adhesives in the fixation of surgical polypropylene meshes for hernia repair in an animal model of rabbits. The results obtained demonstrate that the curing process depends on the nature of the alkyl residue of the ester group of cyanoacrylate molecules, being the heat of polymerization lower for the octyl derivative in comparison with the hexyl and butyl, and reaching a maximum temperature of 35 °C after a time of mixing with physiological fluids of 60-70 s...
October 5, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Mozhdeh Imaninezhad, Irma Kuljanishvili, Silviya Petrova Zustiak
Carbon nanotube (CNT)-hydrogel nanocomposites are beneficial for various biomedical applications, such as nerve regeneration, tissue engineering, sensing, or implant coatings. Still, there are impediments to developing nanocomposites, including attaining a homogeneous CNT-polymer dispersion or patterning CNTs on hydrogels. While few approaches have been reported for patterning CNTs on polymeric substrates, these methods include high temperature, high vacuum or utilize a sacrificial layer and, hence, are incompatible with hydrogels as they lead to irreversible collapse in hydrogel structure...
October 4, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Christian Schulz, Jochen Hecht, Anne Krüger-Genge, Karl Kratz, Friedrich Jung, Andreas Lendlein
Common strategies for biofunctionalization of surfaces comprise the immobilization of bioactive molecules used as cell-binding ligands for cell recruitment. Besides covalent binding, multivalent noncovalent physical forces between substrate and ligand are an alternative way to equip surfaces with biomacromolecules. In this study, polymer binding ligands are screened by means of a DNA-based in vitro selection process. As candidate biomaterials poly(ether imide) (PEI), polystyrene, and poly[ethylene-co-(vinyl acetate)] are selected, due to their different chemical structure, but similar macroscopic interface properties, allowing physical interaction with nucleotide bases by varying valences...
September 30, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Stephanie Steichen, Colleen O'Connor, Nicholas A Peppas
Hydrogels based upon terpolymers of methacrylic acid, N-vinyl pyrrolidone, and poly(ethylene glycol) are developed and characterized for their ability to respond to changes in environmental pH and to partition protein therapeutics of varying molecular weights and isoelectric points. P((MAA-co-NVP)-g-EG) hydrogels are synthesized with PEG-based cross-linking agents of varying length and incorporation densities. The composition is confirmed using FT-IR spectroscopy and shows peak shifts indicating hydrogen bonding...
September 30, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Caner Geyik, Emine Guler, Zinar Pinar Gumus, Firat Baris Barlas, Huseyin Akbulut, Dilek Odaci Demirkol, Suna Timur, Yusuf Yagci
Synthesis and novel applications of biofunctional polymers for diagnosis and therapy are promising area involving various research domains. Herein, three fluorescent polymers, poly(p-phenylene-co-thiophene), poly(p-phenylene), and polythiophene with amino groups (PPT-NH2 , PPP-NH2 , and PT-NH2 , respectively) are synthesized and investigated for cancer cell targeted imaging, drug delivery, and radiotherapy. Polymers are conjugated to anti-HER2 antibody for targeted imaging studies in nontoxic concentrations...
September 30, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Satyabrat Gogoi, Somnath Maji, Debasish Mishra, K Sanjana P Devi, Tapas Kumar Maiti, Niranjan Karak
The present study delves into a combined bio-nano-macromolecular approach for bone tissue engineering. This approach relies on the properties of an ideal scaffold material imbued with all the chemical premises required for fostering cellular growth and differentiation. A tannic acid based water dispersible hyperbranched polyurethane is fabricated with bio-nanohybrids of carbon dot and four different peptides (viz. SVVYGLR, PRGDSGYRGDS, IPP, and CGGKVGKACCVPTKLSPISVLYK) to impart target specific in vivo bone healing ability...
September 29, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"