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Macromolecular Bioscience

Haeree Park, Yeongkyu Choi, M T Jeena, Eungjin Ahn, Yuri Choi, Myeong-Gyun Kang, Chae Gyu Lee, Tae-Hyuk Kwon, Hyun-Woo Rhee, Ja-Hyoung Ryu, Byeong-Su Kim
Owing to the unique advantages of combining the characteristics of hydrogels and nanoparticles, nanogels are actively investigated as a promising platform for advanced biomedical applications. In this work, a self-cross-linked hyperbranched polyglycerol nanogel is synthesized using the thiol-disulfide exchange reaction based on a novel disulfide-containing polymer. A series of structural analyses confirm the tunable size and cross-linking density depending on the type of polymer (homo- or copolymer) and the amount of reducing agent, dithiothreitol, used in the preparation of the nanogels...
March 15, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Lorenzo Vannozzi, Immihan Ceren Yasa, Hakan Ceylan, Arianna Menciassi, Leonardo Ricotti, Metin Sitti
Programming materials with tunable physical and chemical interactions among its components pave the way of generating 3D functional active microsystems with various potential applications in tissue engineering, drug delivery, and soft robotics. Here, the development of a recapitulated fascicle-like implantable muscle construct by programmed self-folding of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogels is reported. The system comprises two stacked layers, each with differential swelling degrees, stiffnesses, and thicknesses in 2D, which folds into a 3D tube together...
March 14, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Lena Richter, Montasser Hijazi, Fatima Arfeen, Christian Krumm, Joerg C Tiller
Telechelic antimicrobial poly(2-oxazoline)s with quaternary ammonium (quat) end groups are shown to be potent antimicrobial polymers against Gram-positive bacterial strains. In this study, the activity against the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli is additionally implemented by hydrolyzing the poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) with two quart end groups to poly(ethylene imine) (PEI). The resulting telechelic polycations are active against Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli. The contribution of the PEI backbone is determined by measuring the antimicrobial activity in the presence of calcium ions...
March 7, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Tobias C Majdanski, David Pretzel, Justyna A Czaplewska, Jürgen Vitz, Pelin Sungur, Stephanie Höppener, Stephanie Schubert, Felix H Schacher, Ulrich S Schubert, Michael Gottschaldt
This paper presents the synthesis and characterization of d-fructose modified poly(ethylene glycol) (Fru-PEG) and fructose modified poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ethyl hexyl glycidyl ether) (Fru-PEG-b-PEHG) that are both prepared by initiation with isopropyliden protected fructose, followed by deprotection of the sugar. The block copolymers are self-assembled into micelles, and are subsequently characterized by cryo-TEM and dynamic light scattering. The fluorescent dye Nile red is encapsulated as a model hydrophobic compound and fluorescent marker to perform initial uptake tests with breast cancer cells...
February 28, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Emi Haladjova, Silviya Halacheva, Denitsa Momekova, Veselina Moskova-Doumanova, Tanya Topouzova-Hristova, Kirilka Mladenova, Jordan Doumanov, Maria Petrova, Stanislav Rangelov
The present contribution is focused on feasibility of using comb-like copolymers of polyethylenimine with poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (LPEI-comb-PEtOx) with varying grafting densities and degrees of polymerization of PEI and PEtOx to deliver DNA molecules into cells. The copolymers form small and well-defined particles at elevated temperatures, which are used as platforms for binding and condensing DNA. The electrostatic interactions between particles and DNA result in formation of sub-100 nm polyplex particles of narrow size distribution and different morphology and structure...
February 28, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Raviraj Vankayala, Samantha R Corber, Jenny T Mac, Masaru P Rao, Mohammad Shafie, Bahman Anvari
Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot obstructs or narrows the arteries that supply blood to the brain. Currently, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a thrombolytic agent, is the only United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved pharmacologic treatment for ischemic stroke. Despite its effective usage, the major limitation of tPA that stems from its short half-life in plasma (≈5 min) is the potential for increased risk of hemorrhagic complications. To circumvent these limitations, herein, the first proof-of-principle demonstration of a theranostic nanoconstruct system derived from erythrocytes doped with the FDA-approved near-infrared (NIR) imaging agent, indocyanine green, and surface-functionalized with tPA is reported...
February 26, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Kaarunya Sampathkumar, Say Chye Joachim Loo
Oral delivery is one of the facile methods for the administration of active ingredients (AIs) like nutraceuticals and drugs. However, its intrinsic disadvantages include poor absorption and bioavailability, degradation of the AI during transit through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and a lack of action specificity. Hence, a delivery system for targeted gastrointestinal delivery of AI using polysaccharide-based polymers, that are generally recognized as safe and approved for use as a direct food additive, is proposed...
February 26, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Xusheng Xie, Lei Liu, Zhaozhu Zheng, Zhifen Han, Min Zhi, David L Kaplan, Gang Li, Xiaoqin Wang
The aim of this work is to develop a drug-loaded silk fibroin fibrous membrane (DSFM) that can be attached to the surface of an anal fistula plug to improve the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD). Curcumin (CUR) and 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA)-loaded silk fibroin (SF) membranes are coaxially electrospun onto the surface of a braided silk filament plug. The membranes show a predominant structure of random coil and silk I conformation. The concentration of CUR/5-ASA (weight ratio of 1/1) in the SF solution is optimized to 0...
February 7, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Susan Oliver, Eugene Yee, Maria Kavallaris, Orazio Vittorio, Cyrille Boyer
Quercetin, a naturally occurring potent antioxidant, is limited in therapeutic use, owing to its poor water solubility and stability. Herein, a method of conjugating quercetin to an aldehyde functionalized dextran via an HCl catalyzed condensation reaction to yield a water soluble quercetin functionalized polymer is reported. The prepared conjugate is characterized by 1 H and 1 H-13 C heteronuclear single quantum correlation (HSQC) NMR, which demonstrate that conjugation occurs via both the A- and B-rings of quercetin...
February 7, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Younseon Wang, Keumyeon Kim, Moon Sue Lee, Haeshin Lee
Hemostatic materials have been studied to minimize bleeding time. Recently, polyphosphate (polyP) have received attention as potential hemostatic compounds, which are released from activated platelets. Long polyP chains are essential to form thick fibrin clots. Herein, chitosan is functionalized by covalently tethering phosphate groups to mimic polyP. It is hypothesized that utilizing a known hemostatic polysaccharide, chitosan, and tethering phosphate groups to mimic polyP's functionality show synergistic effect in hemostasis...
February 2, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Mathilde Dréan, Antoine Debuigne, Christine Jérôme, Cristine Goncalves, Patrick Midoux, Jutta Rieger, Philippe Guégan
Poly(N-methylvinylamines) with secondary amines can form complexes with plasmid DNA (pDNA) and provide transfection efficiency in HeLa cells in the same order as linear polyethyleneimine but with higher cell viability. Chemical modifications of poly(N-methylvinylamine) backbones are performed to further improve transfection efficiency while maintaining low degree of cytotoxicity. In a first type of polymer, primary amino groups are incorporated via a copolymerization strategy. In a second one, primary amino and imidazole groups are incorporated also via a copolymerization strategy...
February 2, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Isabel Schlegel, Patricia Renz, Johanna Simon, Ingo Lieberwirth, Stefanie Pektor, Nicole Bausbacher, Matthias Miederer, Volker Mailänder, Rafael Muñoz-Espí, Daniel Crespy, Katharina Landfester
Magnetic resonance imaging has become an essential tool in medicine for the investigation of physiological processes. The key issues related to contrast agents, i.e., substances that are injected in the body for imaging, are the efficient enhancement of contrast, their low toxicity, and their defined biodistribution. Polyurea nanocapsules containing the gadolinium complex Gadobutrol as a contrast agent in high local concentration and high relaxivity up to 40 s-1 mmol-1 L are described. A high concentration of the contrast agent inside the nanocapsules can be ensured by increasing the crystallinity in the shell of the nanocapsules...
February 2, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Ulyana Shimanovich, Dorothea Pinotsi, Klimentiy Shimanovich, Na Yu, Sreenath Bolisetty, Jozef Adamcik, Raffaele Mezzenga, Jerome Charmet, Fritz Vollrath, Ehud Gazit, Christopher M Dobson, Gabriele Kaminski Schierle, Chris Holland, Clemens F Kaminski, Tuomas P J Knowles
Native silk fibroin (NSF) is a unique biomaterial with extraordinary mechanical and biochemical properties. These key characteristics are directly associated with the physical transformation of unstructured, soluble NSF into highly organized nano- and microscale fibrils rich in β-sheet content. Here, it is shown that this NSF fibrillation process is accompanied by the development of intrinsic fluorescence in the visible range, upon near-UV excitation, a phenomenon that has not been investigated in detail to date...
January 29, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Xiashiyao Zhang, Ting Kang, Peiqing Liang, Yong Tang, Changyun Quan
Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement is widely used in repair of vertebral fracture because of its good biomechanical properties and fast curing. However, the bioinertness of PMMA cement may cause interfacial loosening, fatigue, fracture, and ultimate failure. In this study, biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) is introduced into PMMA cement to prepare an injectable composite bone cement (BCPx /PMMA) and the content of BCP is optimized to achieve appropriate rate of absorption that matches the bone regeneration...
January 25, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Xiaoyu Bai, Zixian Bao, Shichao Bi, Yang Li, Xiaoping Yu, Shihao Hu, Meiping Tian, Xin Zhang, Xiaojie Cheng, Xiguang Chen
A series of thermo/pH sensitive N-succinyl hydroxybutyl chitosan (NSHBC) hydrogels with different substitution degrees of succinyl are prepared for drug delivery. Rheology analysis shows that the gelation temperature of NSHBC hydrogels is 3.8 °C higher than that of hydroxybutyl chitosan (HBC) hydrogels. A model drug bovine serum albumin (BSA) is successfully loaded and released. NSHBC hydrogels show excellent pH sensitivity drug release behaviors. After incubation for 24 h, 93.7% of BSA is released from NSHBC hydrogels in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (pH 7...
January 25, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Xuelin Wang, Juanjuan Li, Qi Yan, Yanrui Chen, Aiping Fan, Zheng Wang, Yanjun Zhao
Redox-responsive micelles are versatile nanoplatforms for on-demand drug delivery, but the in situ evaluation of drug release is challenging. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique shows potential for addressing this, while the aggregation-caused quenching effect limits the assay sensitivity. The aim of the current work is to combine aggregation-induced emission (AIE) probe with FRET to realize drug release assessment from micelles. Tetraphenylethene (TPE) is selected as AIE dye and curcumin (Cur) is chosen as the model drug as well as FRET receptor...
January 23, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Fabian Obstals, Mariia Vorobii, Tomáš Riedel, Andres de Los Santos Pereira, Michael Bruns, Smriti Singh, Cesar Rodriguez-Emmenegger
Nonthrombogenic modifications of membranes for extracorporeal membrane oxygenators (ECMOs) are of key interest. The absence of hemocompatibility of these membranes and the need of anticoagulation of patients result in severe and potentially life-threatening complications during ECMO treatment. To address the lack of hemocompatibility of the membrane, surface modifications are developed, which act as barriers to protein adsorption on the membrane and, in this way, prevent activation of the coagulation cascade...
January 22, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Raul Machado, André da Costa, Dina M Silva, Andreia C Gomes, Margarida Casal, Vitor Sencadas
Antimicrobial materials have become relevant for local therapies preventing microbial resistance induced by systemic antibiotic treatments. This work reports the development of electrospun poly(lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofiber membranes loaded with bovine lactoferrin (bLF) up to 20 wt%. The membranes present smooth and nondefective fibers with mean diameters between 717 ± 197 and 495 ± 127 nm, and an overall porosity of ≈80%. The hydrophobicity of the PLLA membranes is reduced by the presence of bLF. The release profile of bLF correlates with an anomalous transport model, with 17...
January 15, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Tao Chen, Yuanhong Xu, Wenrong Yang, Aihua Li, Yao Wang, Jing Sun, Jingquan Liu
Concavo-convex micelles with controllable sizes and nanostructures are prepared via self-assembling polymer-enzyme (e.g., shellac enzyme) conjugates with heterogeneous polymer chains, which exhibit higher enzyme stability (300%) and bioactivity (760%) comparing with the well-defined ones. The applied amphiphilic and negatively charged copolymer, poly (methyl methacrylate)-block-poly (sodium p-styrene sulfonate), is synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization to modify shellac enzyme and immobilize the enzyme bioactivity inducer by covalent conjugation and electrostatic attraction, respectively...
January 15, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Pelin Erkoc, Fidan Seker, Tugba Bagci-Onder, Seda Kizilel
3D platforms are important for monitoring tumor progression and screening drug candidates to eradicate tumors such as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a malignant type of human brain tumor. Here, a new strategy is reported that exploits visible-light-induced crosslinking of gelatin where the reaction is carried out in the absence of an additional crosslinker. Visible light-induced crosslinking promotes the design of cancer microenvironment-mimetic system without compromising the cell viability during the process and absence of crosslinker facilitates the synthesis of the unique construct...
January 15, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
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