journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychology and Psychotherapy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217913/what-are-the-key-elements-of-cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-psychosis-a-delphi-study
#1
Peter J Taylor, Sarah Jones, Christopher D Huntley, Claire Seddon
OBJECTIVE: There has been growing interest in the use of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) with those facing experiences of psychosis. However, there is little research on how CAT is best applied to working with psychosis. This study aimed to identify what the key aspects of CAT for psychosis are or whether this approach requires adaptation when applied to those with experiences of psychosis, drawing on expert opinion. METHOD: An adapted Delphi methodology was used...
February 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035751/the-prediction-of-the-level-of-personality-organization-on-reduction-of-psychiatric-symptoms-and-improvement-of-work-ability-in-short-versus-long-term-psychotherapies-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#2
Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Matti Keinänen, Erkki Heinonen, Esa Virtala, Tommi Härkänen
OBJECTIVES: How level of personality organization (LPO) predicts psychiatric symptoms and work ability in short- versus long-term psychotherapies is poorly known. We investigated the importance of the LPO on the benefits of short-term versus long-term psychotherapies. DESIGN: A cohort study based on 326 outpatients with mood or anxiety disorder was allocated to long-term (LPP) and short-term (SPP) psychodynamic psychotherapy, and solution-focused therapy (SFT). METHODS: The LPO was assessed by interview at baseline and categorized into neuroses and higher level borderline...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035741/does-empowerment-mediate-the-effects-of-psychological-factors-on-mental-health-well-being-and-recovery-in-young-people
#3
Annmarie Grealish, Sara Tai, Andrew Hunter, Richard Emsley, Trevor Murrells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: There is consensus that empowerment is key to recovery from mental health problems, enabling a person to take charge of their life and make informed choices and decisions about their life. However, little is known about the mechanisms through which empowerment affects mental health in young people. The current study involved young people aged 16-29 years and examined empowerment as a potential mediator of the relationship between psychological factors (psychosocial, cognition, coping, and control) and mental health, well-being, and recovery from personal problems...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035740/hospital-staff-experiences-of-their-relationships-with-adults-who-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Sophie O'Connor, Lesley Glover
PURPOSE: This review aimed to synthesize qualitative literature exploring inpatient hospital staff experiences of their relationships with people who self-harm. METHODS: Nine studies were identified from a systematic search of five research databases. Papers included the experiences of physical health and mental health staff working in inpatient settings. The studies employed various qualitative research methods and were appraised using an adapted quality assessment tool (Tong, Sainsbury, & Craig, )...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035734/does-schema-therapy-change-schemas-and-symptoms-a-systematic-review-across-mental-health-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Christopher D J Taylor, Penny Bee, Gillian Haddock
PURPOSE: Schema therapy was first applied to individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) over 20 years ago, and more recent work has suggested efficacy across a range of disorders. The present review aimed to systematically synthesize evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of schema therapy in reducing early maladaptive schema (EMS) and improving symptoms as applied to a range of mental health disorders in adults including BPD, other personality disorders, eating disorders, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935247/focusing-on-situation-specific-expectations-in-major-depression-as-basis-for-behavioural-experiments-development-of-the-depressive-expectations-scale
#6
Tobias Kube, Lisa D'Astolfo, Julia A Glombiewski, Bettina K Doering, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of various mental disorders. The aim of the study was to develop the Depressive Expectations Scale (DES) as a depression-specific measure for the assessment of dysfunctional expectations. Whereas previous research primarily focused on general cognitions and attitudes, the DES assesses 25 future-directed expectations (originally 75 items) which are situation-specific and falsifiable. DESIGN AND METHODS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the DES, the scale was completed by 175 participants with and without severe depressive symptoms in an online survey...
December 9, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846698/life-hassles-and-delusional-ideation-scoping-the-potential-role-of-cognitive-and-affective-mediators
#7
Cara Kingston, James Schuurmans-Stekhoven
OBJECTIVES: An intertemporal association between major psychological stress and subsequent delusion formation has been established by others. The current study explores (1) whether the stress from life hassles predicts delusional ideation and (2) if so, do self-criticism, self-reassurance, and positive and negative affectivity (PA and NA, respectively) mediate this link. This paper thus aimed to scope-out viable psychological processes involved in the formation of stress-induced delusions...
February 5, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801544/short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-with-mentalization-based-techniques-in-major-depressive-disorder-patients-relationship-among-alexithymia-reflective-functioning-and-outcome-variables-a-pilot-study
#8
Cinzia Bressi, Silvia Fronza, Eleonora Minacapelli, Emanuela Paola Nocito, Elisabetta Dipasquale, Lorenzo Magri, Francesca Lionetti, Lavinia Barone
OBJECTIVES: In depressed patients, recent advances have highlighted impairment in mentalizing: identifying and interpreting one's own or other's mental states. Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) has proven to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving relational/functional abilities in these subjects. Therefore, the first aim of our study was to evaluate effectiveness of STPP with Mentalization-Based Techniques (STMBP) on their clinical outcomes and the second, to investigate Reflective Functioning and alexithymia concerning treatment outcomes in depressed subjects...
November 1, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743465/dispositional-optimism-as-predictor-of-outcome-in-short-and-long-term-psychotherapy
#9
Erkki Heinonen, Tiia Heiskanen, Olavi Lindfors, Kristiina Härkäpää, Paul Knekt
OBJECTIVES: Dispositional optimism predicts various beneficial outcomes in somatic health and treatment, but has been little studied in psychotherapy. This study investigated whether an optimistic disposition differentially predicts patients' ability to benefit from short-term versus long-term psychotherapy. DESIGN: A total of 326 adult outpatients with mood and/or anxiety disorder were randomized into short-term (solution-focused or short-term psychodynamic) or long-term psychodynamic therapy and followed up for 3 years...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743464/therapeutic-conversations-therapists-use-of-observational-language-contributes-to-optimal-therapeutic-outcomes
#10
James A Banham, Robert D Schweitzer
OBJECTIVE: Reflexivity is the process of critically examining one's own experience. Emerging literature suggests that reflexivity is a positive predictor of outcomes in psychotherapy. However, limited research has been conducted regarding therapists' use of reflexivity as a therapeutic technique. In particular, we have a limited understanding of how therapists use language to initiate reflexive conversations. This study investigates the characteristics of therapist language that elicit reflexivity focused on internal and external processes...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743461/therapist-competencies-necessary-for-the-delivery-of-compassion-focused-therapy-a-delphi-study
#11
Alice E Liddell, Steven Allan, Ken Goss
OBJECTIVES: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has shown promising results for a range of clinical presentations. This study explored the therapeutic competencies required to deliver CFT and organized these into a coherent framework. DESIGN: The Delphi method was used to explore and refine competencies for delivering CFT in three rounds of data collection. METHODS: The first round involved interviews with 12 experts in CFT. Data were analysed using template analysis to generate a draft competency framework...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743450/adaptive-emotion-regulation-mediates-the-relationship-between-self-compassion-and-depression-in-individuals-with-unipolar-depression
#12
Alice Diedrich, Julian Burger, Mareike Kirchner, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVES: To identify the mechanisms involved in the association between self-compassion and depression, we examined whether adaptive emotion regulation would mediate the relationship between self-compassion and depression in individuals with unipolar depression. Furthermore, we explored which specific emotion regulation skills would be most important in this relationship. DESIGN AND METHOD: Sixty-nine individuals with unipolar depression were assessed with the Self-Compassion Scale and the Emotion Regulation Skills Questionnaire at baseline and with the Beck Depression Inventory-II 1 week later...
October 15, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699986/unresolved-attachment-and-agency-in-women-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-case-control-study
#13
Susanna Pallini, Agnese Alfani, Lucrezia Marech, Fiorenzo Laghi
OBJECTIVES: Women victims of IPV are more likely insecurely attached and have experienced childhood abuse, which according to the attachment theory is deeply related to disorganized attachment. This case-control study was performed with the aim to compare the attachment status and the defensive processing patterns of women victims of IPV (cases) with women with no experiences of IPV (controls). METHODS: Cases were 16 women with an age range from 26 years to 51 years...
October 4, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664071/compassion-interventions-the-programmes-the-evidence-and-implications-for-research-and-practice
#14
James N Kirby
PURPOSE: Over the last 10-15 years, there has been a substantive increase in compassion-based interventions aiming to improve psychological functioning and well-being. METHODS: This study provides an overview and synthesis of the currently available compassion-based interventions. What do these programmes looks like, what are their aims, and what is the state of evidence underpinning each of them? RESULTS: This overview has found at least eight different compassion-based interventions (e...
September 24, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26549019/solution-focused-group-therapy-for-common-mental-health-problems-outcome-assessment-in-routine-clinical-practice
#15
María Carrera, Andrés Cabero, Sonia González, Nuria Rodríguez, Carlos García, Lara Hernández, Javier Manjón
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of solution-focused group therapy (SFGT) for psychological distress and mild to moderate depression in a routine clinical practice setting. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic pre/post-study involving 132 mental health service users was carried out. Clients received seven structured sessions of SFGT, and pre-therapy self-report scores (Spanish brief version of Beck Depression Inventory and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) were compared with post-therapy scores...
September 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537838/a-systematic-review-of-the-implementation-of-recommended-psychological-interventions-for-schizophrenia-rates-barriers-and-improvement-strategies
#16
REVIEW
Paul Ince, Gillian Haddock, Sara Tai
PURPOSE: A systematic review of the literature exploring if the UK recommendations for psychological interventions for schizophrenia were being met was carried out. Rates of implementation for cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and family intervention (FI) were compared. The barriers against implementation and described strategies aimed at improving implementation were reviewed. METHODS: A literature search of electronic bibliography databases (Psychinfo, Medline, Pubmed, AMED, CINHAL, and EMBASE), reference and citation lists, the Evaluation and Review of NICE Implementation (ERNIE) database, a manual search of Clinical Psychology Forum, governmental reports, charity, and service user group reports was conducted...
September 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26530031/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-heroin-and-cocaine-use-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-homework-simplification-and-compliance
#17
Jessica Willner-Reid, Damiya Whitaker, David H Epstein, Karran A Phillips, Amber R Pulaski, Kenzie L Preston, Paul Willner
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of homework-task difficulty and electronic-diary reminders on written homework completion during cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for addiction. Completion of homework is an important element in CBT that may affect outcome. DESIGN: All participants received all combinations of our two interventions in a factorial 2 × 2 counterbalanced Latin-square design. METHODS: Methadone-maintained cocaine and heroin users were given homework between each of 12 weekly CBT sessions and carried electronic diaries that collected ecological momentary assessment (EMA) data on craving and exposure to drug-use triggers in four 3-week blocks assessing two levels of homework difficulty and prompted and unprompted homework...
September 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493834/transition-to-motherhood-in-women-with-eating-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#18
Emma Taborelli, Abigail Easter, Rosalind Keefe, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Nadia Micali
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine in depth the individual experience of transition from pregnancy to motherhood, among women with current eating disorders (EDs), focusing on differences between the first and subsequent pregnancies. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analysed the narratives of 12 women with severe ED during pregnancy using interpretative phenomenological analysis. We employed a sequential structure, and the emerging themes were ordered according to consecutive pregnancy stages...
September 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26454255/being-alexithymic-necessity-or-convenience-negative-emotionality%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-avoidant-coping-interactions-and-alexithymia
#19
Elena Bilotta, Mauro Giacomantonio, Luigi Leone, Francesco Mancini, Giovanna Coriale
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to clarify the associations between negative emotionality, avoidant coping, and alexithymia. We hypothesized that negative emotionality and avoidance strategies would interact negatively in associating with alexithymia. DESIGN: We examined, in one study conducted in Italy and another in the US (total N = 415), the associations among avoidant coping, negative emotionality, and alexithymia, using cross-sectional designs. METHOD: Study 1: Participants completed paper-and-pencil measures of alexithymia, avoidant coping, and negative emotionality...
September 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26449962/sexual-problems-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-following-sexual-trauma-a-meta-analytic-review
#20
REVIEW
Ciarán O'Driscoll, Esther Flanagan
OBJECTIVE: Difficulties with sex often develop following sexual trauma, yet are rarely targeted within treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Where outcomes of sexual function are included, they are secondary to other measures. This review aimed to assess whether psychological treatment for PTSD (from sexual trauma) has an effect on sexual functioning. METHODS: Systematic searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and trial registers were performed. Five studies met inclusion criteria...
September 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
journal
journal
40013
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"