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Psychology and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781234/the-unsafe-haven-eating-disorders-as-attachment-relationships
#1
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719118/cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-psychosis-a-case-series
#2
Peter J Taylor, Alex Perry, Paul Hutton, Ranil Tan, Naomi Fisher, Chiara Focone, Diane Griffiths, Claire Seddon
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) is an effective psychological intervention for several different mental health conditions. However, whether it is acceptable, safe, and beneficial for people with psychosis remains unclear, as is the feasibility of providing and evaluating it within a research context. The aim of this study was to begin to address these questions and to obtain for the first time a rich and detailed understanding of the experience of receiving CAT for psychosis...
May 2, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624832/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-in-group-mit-g-for-young-adults-with-personality-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Raffaele Popolo, Angus MacBeth, Flaviano Canfora, Daniela Rebecchi, Cecilia Toselli, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Young adults with personality disorders (PD) other than borderline are in urgent need of validated treatments to help them in managing important life transitions. Therapeutic interventions focused upon social and interpersonal difficulties may facilitate these individuals in maximizing opportunities for employment, forming stable romantic relationships, and belong to social groups. It is also important that they are offered evidence-based, first-line time-limited treatments in order to maximize effectiveness and reduce costs...
April 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603590/potential-effects-of-multimodal-psychosomatic-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-functional-vertigo-and-dizziness-symptoms-a-pilot-trial
#4
Karina Limburg, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Katharina Radziej, Melanie Gonzales, Joram Ronel, Claas Lahmann
OBJECTIVES: Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) are frequent and severely distressing complaints that are often described as hard to treat. Our aim was to provide preliminary data on potential effects of multimodal psychosomatic inpatient therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms in reducing vertigo-related handicap and related psychopathology, and to evaluate the role of symptom burden and body-related locus of control in predicting vertigo-related handicap at follow-up. DESIGN: We conducted an uncontrolled clinical pilot trial...
March 30, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603550/the-links-between-adult-attachment-and-post-traumatic-stress-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Natalie Barazzone, Ines Santos, John McGowan, Eloise Donaghay-Spire
PURPOSE: The theory of attachment has informed our understanding of survival and well-being throughout the lifespan. There is a growing interest in the relationship between attachment and symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTS). Emerging evidence points to important links between attachment and PTS, yet current theoretical and clinical understandings of PTS symptoms and attachment remain relatively disparate. The current systematic review aimed to synthesize, describe, and critique evidence demonstrating the links between attachment and PTS in adults...
March 30, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582581/mentalization-based-treatment-or-psychodynamic-treatment-programmes-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-impact-of-clinical-severity
#6
Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Geir Pedersen, Espen Folmo, Øyvind Urnes, Merete Selsbakk Johansen, Benjamin Hummelen, Theresa Wilberg, Sigmund Karterud
OBJECTIVES: Mentalization-based treatment (MBT), originally designed for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), may be particularly indicated for severe conditions. However, there is limited documentation of how increasing severity of personality disorder (PD) effect outcomes of highly specialized treatments. This study aimed to investigate associations between clinical severity and outcomes for patients in MBT as compared to a psychodynamic group-based treatment programme (PDT)...
March 26, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575518/narrative-insight-in-psychosis-the-relationship-with-spiritual-and-religious-explanatory-frameworks
#7
Michael R Marriott, Andrew R Thompson, Graham Cockshutt, Georgina Rowse
OBJECTIVE: When considering psychosis, the concept of narrative insight has been offered as an alternative to clinical insight in determining individuals' responses to their difficulties, as it allows for a more holistic and person-centred framework to be embraced within professional practice. This study aims to explore the validity of the narrative insight construct within a group of people who have experienced psychosis. DESIGN: Inductive qualitative methods were used to explore how eight participants utilized spiritual or religious explanatory frameworks for their experiences of psychosis and to consider these in relation to the construct of narrative insight...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575447/relations-of-mindfulness-facets-with-psychological-symptoms-among-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-major-depressive-disorder-or-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Fabrizio Didonna, Roberta Rossi, Clarissa Ferrari, Luca Iani, Laura Pedrini, Nicoletta Rossi, Erica Xodo, Mariangela Lanfredi
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in mindfulness facets among patients with a diagnosis of either obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or borderline personality disorder (BPD), and healthy controls (HC), and their associations with clinical features. DESIGN AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty-three patients and 50 HC underwent a clinical assessment including measures of mindfulness (Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire - FFMQ), psychopathological symptoms (Symptom Check List-90-R), dissociation (Dissociative Experience Scale), alexithymia (Alexithymia Scale 20), and depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II)...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528183/positive-emotion-in-distress-as-a-potentially-effective-emotion-regulation-strategy-for-depression-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Keiko Yamaguchi, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi
OBJECTIVES: Emotion regulation utilizing positive emotion during negative emotional states might be one of the effective ways to alleviate depression and anxiety problems among people with emotional disorders. This study examined the psychometric properties and incremental validity of the Positive Emotion In Distress Scale (PEIDS), a newly developed self-report scale, in a sample of university students in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine the psychometric properties of the PEIDS, the scale was completed by Japanese university students (396 men and 363 women; mean age of 19...
March 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512287/mindfulness-based-weekend-retreats-for-people-bereaved-by-suicide-panta-rhei-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#10
Paolo Scocco, Luigi Zerbinati, Antonio Preti, Alessandro Ferrari, Stefano Totaro
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether a programme of mindfulness-based weekend retreats (Panta Rhei) is able to improve mood states, mindfulness qualities, and self-compassion in family members and friends of suicide victims (suicide survivors). DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective study. METHODS: Sixty-one suicide survivors participated in a mindful-self-compassion retreat. The Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Profile of Mood States (POMS), and the Self-Compassion Scale were administered 4-6 days before and after the retreat...
March 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087607/male-views-on-help-seeking-for-depression-a-q-methodology-study
#11
Jennifer House, Pinar Marasli, Matthew Lister, June S L Brown
OBJECTIVES: To identify viewpoints among men with depression about depression and its treatment, consider how these might influence help-seeking behaviour, and generate ideas for interventions and future research. DESIGN: Q methodology. METHODS: Twenty-nine men with depression completed a Q sort by ranking a set of statements about depression and help-seeking according to their relative agreement with each statement. Factor analysis was used to identify viewpoints relating to male understandings of depression and help-seeking, which were interpreted in the context of participant characteristics and additional information from post-sorting interviews...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990738/treatment-of-obsessive-morbid-jealousy-with-cognitive-analytic-therapy-an-adjudicated-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-evaluation
#12
Louise Curling, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell, Glenys Parry, Gillian Hardy, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVE: The evidence base for the treatment of morbid jealousy with integrative therapies is thin. This study explored the efficacy of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT). DESIGN: An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluated the cognitive analytic treatment of a patient meeting diagnostic criteria for obsessive morbid jealousy. METHOD: A rich case record was developed using a matrix of nomothetic and ideographic quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846196/development-of-a-measure-for-the-assessment-of-peer-related-positive-emotional-memories
#13
Cláudia Ferreira, Marina Cunha, Joana Marta-Simões, Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has demonstrated a link between early experiences of warmth, safeness, and soothing, and positive feelings, health, and well-being outcomes. Although the impact of positive parent-related early relationships and its posterior recall is well documented, research on the recall of warmth and safeness experiences within early peer relationships remains scarce. In fact, it is considered that the protective role of early positive peer relationships deserves intensive research; however, a specific measure that assesses this construct is still to be created...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834138/emdr-as-a-treatment-for-long-term-depression-a-feasibility-study
#14
Emily Wood, Thomas Ricketts, Glenys Parry
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for long-term depression - medication and psychotherapy - are effective for some but not all clients. New approaches need to be developed to complement the ones already available. This study was designed to test the feasibility of using an effective post-traumatic stress disorder treatment for people with long-term depression. DESIGN: A single-case experimental design with replications was undertaken as a feasibility study of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in treating long-term depression...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815876/a-treatment-development-study-of-a-cognitive-and-mindfulness-based-therapy-for-adolescents-with-co-occurring-post-traumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorder
#15
Lisa R Fortuna, Michelle V Porche, Auralyd Padilla
OBJECTIVE: Substance use is common among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to develop and study an integrated treatment for adolescents with co-occurring disorders. DESIGN: This is a therapy development and open pilot trial study of a manualized therapy for adolescents with post-traumatic stress, depression, and substance use that uses a combination of cognitive therapy (CT) and mindfulness. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests were calculated to assess for changes in PTSD symptoms, depression, and substance use frequency from baseline to end of treatment using standardized measures and validated by urine drug screens...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737261/does-prolonged-grief-treatment-foster-posttraumatic-growth-secondary-results-from-a-treatment-study-with-long-term-follow-up-and-mediation-analysis
#16
Helga Bartl, Maria Hagl, Michaela Kotoučová, Gabriele Pfoh, Rita Rosner
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a persistent and disabling kind of grief reaction that can be treated effectively with psychotherapeutic interventions. There has been limited investigation of whether these interventions can also enhance positive outcomes of bereavement, such as posttraumatic growth or benefit finding. DESIGN: As part of secondary analyses in a randomized controlled trial evaluating integrative cognitive-behavioural therapy for PGD (PG-CBT), the posttraumatic growth trajectories in 51 outpatients with clinically relevant prolonged grief symptoms were followed up from baseline up to 1...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707425/experiential-acceptance-and-trait-mindfulness-as-predictors-of-analogue-post-traumatic-stress
#17
Paul A Boelen, Lonneke I M Lenferink
OBJECTIVES: Experiential acceptance and trait-mindfulness are associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic events. This study was a preliminary attempt to examine (1) associations of experiential acceptance and trait-mindfulness with post-traumatic stress (PTS) associated with negative, but not necessarily traumatizing, life events ('analogue' PTS), (2) the role of these variables in the context of neuroticism as well as worry and rumination - two other regulatory strategies associated with PTS, and (3) the impact of pre-trauma tendencies towards experiential acceptance and mindfulness on analogue PTS...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707407/symptom-fluctuations-self-esteem-and-cohesion-during-group-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-early-psychosis
#18
Tania Lecomte, Claude Leclerc, Til Wykes
Group cohesion has been linked to positive changes in self-esteem and in symptoms during group psychotherapy in people with psychosis. These changes may be linked to changes in symptoms as fluctuations in self-esteem have been linked to symptom fluctuations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the relationship between these three factors - group cohesion, self-esteem, and symptoms - during group cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (GCBTp). We hypothesized that group cohesion would precede changes in symptoms and self-esteem and that improvements in self-esteem would precede improvements in symptoms...
March 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436769/what-the-patient-wants-addressing-patients-treatment-targets-in-an-integrative-group-psychotherapy-programme
#19
David Kealy, Anthony S Joyce, Rainer Weber, Johannes C Ehrenthal, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVES: Limited empirical attention has been devoted to individualized treatment objectives in intensive group therapy for personality dysfunction. This study investigated patients' ratings of distress associated with individual therapy goals - referred to as target object severity - in an intensive Evening Treatment Programme for patients with personality dysfunction. DESIGN: Change in target objective severity was examined in a sample of 81 patients who completed treatment in an intensive, integrative group therapy programme...
February 13, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399952/the-last-taboo-the-experience-of-violence-in-first-episode-psychosis-caregiving-relationships
#20
Juliana Onwumere, Grace Parkyn, Stephanie Learmonth, Elizabeth Kuipers
OBJECTIVES: Informal caregiving relationships play an important role in facilitating recovery outcomes in psychosis. The relationship can serve as a source of positive experiences that co-exist alongside common challenges typically associated with mental health problems. People with psychosis, when compared to the general population, are more likely to perpetrate acts of violence, a relationship that is particularly evident during the first psychosis episode. Although victims of service user violence are typically people already known to them, such as informal carers, there remains a lack of understanding about their caring experiences and needs...
February 5, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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