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Psychology and Psychotherapy

Keiko Yamaguchi, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi
OBJECTIVES: Emotion regulation utilizing positive emotion during negative emotional states might be one of the effective ways to alleviate depression and anxiety problems among people with emotional disorders. This study examined the psychometric properties and incremental validity of the Positive Emotion In Distress Scale (PEIDS), a newly developed self-report scale, in a sample of university students in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine the psychometric properties of the PEIDS, the scale was completed by Japanese university students (396 men and 363 women; mean age of 19...
March 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Paolo Scocco, Luigi Zerbinati, Antonio Preti, Alessandro Ferrari, Stefano Totaro
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether a programme of mindfulness-based weekend retreats (Panta Rhei) is able to improve mood states, mindfulness qualities, and self-compassion in family members and friends of suicide victims (suicide survivors). DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective study. METHODS: Sixty-one suicide survivors participated in a mindful-self-compassion retreat. The Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Profile of Mood States (POMS), and the Self-Compassion Scale were administered 4-6 days before and after the retreat...
March 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
David Kealy, Anthony S Joyce, Rainer Weber, Johannes C Ehrenthal, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVES: Limited empirical attention has been devoted to individualized treatment objectives in intensive group therapy for personality dysfunction. This study investigated patients' ratings of distress associated with individual therapy goals - referred to as target object severity - in an intensive Evening Treatment Programme for patients with personality dysfunction. DESIGN: Change in target objective severity was examined in a sample of 81 patients who completed treatment in an intensive, integrative group therapy programme...
February 13, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Juliana Onwumere, Grace Parkyn, Stephanie Learmonth, Elizabeth Kuipers
OBJECTIVES: Informal caregiving relationships play an important role in facilitating recovery outcomes in psychosis. The relationship can serve as a source of positive experiences that co-exist alongside common challenges typically associated with mental health problems. People with psychosis, when compared to the general population, are more likely to perpetrate acts of violence, a relationship that is particularly evident during the first psychosis episode. Although victims of service user violence are typically people already known to them, such as informal carers, there remains a lack of understanding about their caring experiences and needs...
February 5, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Ylva Gidhagen, Rolf Holmqvist, Björn Philips
OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations between self-rated attachment style, psychological distress and substance use among substance use disorder (SUD) outpatients in psychological treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this practice-based study, 108 outpatients were asked to fill in the Experiences in Close Relationships - Short form, the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) at treatment start and end...
February 5, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Paola Lucena-Santos, José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: Although the Ruminative Responses Scale is one of the most widely used measures of rumination, its two-factor structure remains controversial. Taking this into account, we aimed to test the RRS-10 two-factor invariance (Brazilian version) between different samples of women and to study its internal consistency and convergent validity. METHODS: A sample of 321 women (general population, n = 106; college students, n = 115; and medical population of patients with overweight and obesity, n = 100) participated in the study...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Catherine Small, Nancy Pistrang, Vyv Huddy, Claire Williams
OBJECTIVES: The acute inpatient setting poses potential challenges to delivering one-to-one psychological therapy; however, there is little research on the experiences of both receiving and delivering therapies in this environment. This qualitative study aimed to explore service users' and psychologists' experiences of undertaking individual therapy in acute inpatient units. It focused on the relationship between service users and psychologists, what service users found helpful or unhelpful, and how psychologists attempted to overcome any challenges in delivering therapy...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Alexandra V Rose, Katharine A Rimes
PURPOSE: Self-criticism is a transdiagnostic process that has been attracting research and clinical interest. The accurate measurement of this construct is therefore crucial; however, there are currently numerous measures of self-criticism and no guidelines about which to use in different contexts. This systematic review evaluated the measurement properties of self-report questionnaires of self-criticism. METHODS: OvidSP and Web of Science were used to search through multiple databases, and an initial grey literature search was completed...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Charlotte Huggett, Michèle D Birtel, Yvonne F Awenat, Paul Fleming, Sophie Wilkes, Shirley Williams, Gillian Haddock
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. DESIGN: An in-depth qualitative study was conducted using thematic analysis to investigate the experiences of stigma in people with mental health problems...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Kathryn Powell, Nick Maguire
OBJECTIVES: Current research has implicated a role for cognitive and emotional processes in the pathways to becoming homeless. Evidence implicates three risk factors, which are often associated with an increased incidence of homelessness: paranoid thinking, emotion regulation, and engaging in maladaptive behaviours. Maladaptive behaviours include deliberate self-harm, substance misuse, and high-risk sexual practices. Currently, no studies have investigated the specific psychological mechanisms, such as difficulty regulating emotions, which underpin the association between paranoia and maladaptive behaviours...
December 22, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Fuminori Yamada, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Seki, Mizue Yokoo, Remi Noguchi, Takayuki Shibuya, Mari Tanaka, Rieko Takanashi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery has a more powerful impact on our emotions than thinking in words about the same material. Treating intrusive images with imagery rescripting (IR) has been reported for various disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder. There has been less research about IR as a major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: We examined whether IR without focusing on early traumatic memories is effective in MDD...
December 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Lucy Carter, John Read, Melissa Pyle, Heather Law, Richard Emsley, Anthony Morrison
PURPOSE: Research suggests that the way an individual understands a health difficulty can influence their subsequent behaviour. The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of a new causal belief questionnaire for people who have experience of psychosis. We also planned to provide an overview of current causal beliefs within this group and to explore the relationship between these beliefs and the perceived helpfulness of treatment and the treatment accessed. METHODS: Three hundred and eleven service-users with experience of psychosis completed a questionnaire designed to explore how they understand the cause of their difficulties...
December 1, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Lucy Tindall, Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Dean McMillan, Barry Wright, Catherine Hewitt, Samantha Gascoyne
PURPOSE: Depression is currently the leading cause of illness and disability in young people. Evidence suggests that behavioural activation (BA) is an effective treatment for depression in adults but less research focuses on its application with young people. This review therefore examined whether BA is effective in the treatment of depression in young people. METHODS: A systematic review (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews reference: CRD42015020453), following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, was conducted to examine studies that had explored behavioural interventions for young people with depression...
December 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Peter J Taylor, Sarah Jones, Christopher D Huntley, Claire Seddon
OBJECTIVE: There has been growing interest in the use of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) with those facing experiences of psychosis. However, there is little research on how CAT is best applied to working with psychosis. This study aimed to identify what the key aspects of CAT for psychosis are or whether this approach requires adaptation when applied to those with experiences of psychosis, drawing on expert opinion. METHOD: An adapted Delphi methodology was used...
December 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Jennifer House, Pinar Marasli, Matthew Lister, June S L Brown
OBJECTIVES: To identify viewpoints among men with depression about depression and its treatment, consider how these might influence help-seeking behaviour, and generate ideas for interventions and future research. DESIGN: Q methodology. METHODS: Twenty-nine men with depression completed a Q sort by ranking a set of statements about depression and help-seeking according to their relative agreement with each statement. Factor analysis was used to identify viewpoints relating to male understandings of depression and help-seeking, which were interpreted in the context of participant characteristics and additional information from post-sorting interviews...
October 31, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: In published clinical and autobiographical accounts of eating disorders, patients often describe their disorder in personified ways, that is, relating to the disorder as if it were an entity, and treatment often involves techniques of externalization. By encouraging patients to think about their eating disorder as a relationship, this study aimed to examine how young female patients experience their eating disorder as acting towards them, how they react in response, and whether these interactions are associated with symptoms, illness duration, and self-image...
October 28, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
John Cheetham, Sue Holttum, Neil Springham, Kate Butt
OBJECTIVES: Research has shown interpersonal relationships influence experiences of inpatient psychiatric services. This study explored inpatient staff and service users' talk about relating, and consequences on available/limited social actions. DESIGN: A Foucauldian discourse analysis was used to analyse transcribed semi-structured interviews and focus groups with current inpatient staff members and members of a service-user involvement group. METHOD: Two focus groups (service users n = 10; staff n = 6) and five interviews (service users n = 2; staff n = 3) were held, with participants responding to questions regarding the discursive object of 'experiences of relating on inpatient wards'...
October 27, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
John Read, Christopher Harrop, Jim Geekie, Julia Renton
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England, but without comprehensive national auditing. Therefore, information was gathered on usage, demographics, consent, and adherence to the guidelines of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (N.I.C.E.) and to the Mental Health Act. DESIGN AND METHODS: Freedom of Information Act requests were sent to 56 National Health Service Trusts. RESULTS: Thirty-two trusts provided some usable data...
October 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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