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Psychology and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901694/the-role-of-cognitive-biases-in-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#1
Ueli Kramer, Diana Ortega, Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
The concept of biased thinking - or cognitive biases - is relevant to psychotherapy research and clinical conceptualization, beyond cognitive theories. The present naturalistic study aimed to examine the changes in biased thinking over the course of a short-term dynamic psychotherapy (STDP) and to discover potential links between these changes and symptomatic improvement. This study focuses on 32 self-referred patients consulting for Adjustment Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR. The therapists were experienced psychodynamically oriented psychiatrists and psychotherapists...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901691/psychodynamic-day-treatment-programme-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-dynamics-and-predictors-of-therapeutic-change
#2
Ondrej Pec, Petr Bob, Jan Pec, Adela Hrubcova
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether a psychodynamically based group psychotherapeutic programme might improve symptoms, social functions, or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and to investigate factors that might predict clinical improvement or dropouts from the programme. DESIGN: A quantitative prospective cohort study. METHODS: We have investigated 81 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who participated in a 9-month psychodynamically based psychotherapeutic day programme...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846196/development-of-a-measure-for-the-assessment-of-peer-related-positive-emotional-memories
#3
Cláudia Ferreira, Marina Cunha, Joana Marta-Simões, Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has demonstrated a link between early experiences of warmth, safeness, and soothing, and positive feelings, health, and well-being outcomes. Although the impact of positive parent-related early relationships and its posterior recall is well documented, research on the recall of warmth and safeness experiences within early peer relationships remains scarce. In fact, it is considered that the protective role of early positive peer relationships deserves intensive research; however, a specific measure that assesses this construct is still to be created...
August 28, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834138/emdr-as-a-treatment-for-long-term-depression-a-feasibility-study
#4
Emily Wood, Thomas Ricketts, Glenys Parry
OBJECTIVE: Current treatments for long-term depression - medication and psychotherapy - are effective for some but not all clients. New approaches need to be developed to complement the ones already available. This study was designed to test the feasibility of using an effective post-traumatic stress disorder treatment for people with long-term depression. DESIGN: A single-case experimental design with replications was undertaken as a feasibility study of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in treating long-term depression...
August 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815876/a-treatment-development-study-of-a-cognitive-and-mindfulness-based-therapy-for-adolescents-with-co-occurring-post-traumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorder
#5
Lisa R Fortuna, Michelle V Porche, Auralyd Padilla
OBJECTIVE: Substance use is common among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to develop and study an integrated treatment for adolescents with co-occurring disorders. DESIGN: This is a therapy development and open pilot trial study of a manualized therapy for adolescents with post-traumatic stress, depression, and substance use that uses a combination of cognitive therapy (CT) and mindfulness. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests were calculated to assess for changes in PTSD symptoms, depression, and substance use frequency from baseline to end of treatment using standardized measures and validated by urine drug screens...
August 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759151/the-phenomenology-of-self-critical-thinking-in-people-with-depression-eating-disorders-and-in-healthy-individuals
#6
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
OBJECTIVES: To explore the phenomenology of self-criticism, and the relationship with constructs such as rumination and perfectionism. DESIGN: The study followed a three-group (Depression, n = 26; Eating Disorder, n = 26; Non-clinical, n = 26) mixed methods design. METHOD: Participants completed a set of questionnaires and were interviewed about the occurrence, impact, and content of self-critical thinking, along with their beliefs about self-criticism...
July 31, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737269/concordance-between-self-reported-and-observer-rated-anxiety-severity-in-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#7
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Erik J Giltay, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety severity measures can be self-report or observer-rated. Although mostly these measures concur, they can diverge markedly. We examined concordance between two anxiety scales: the observer-rated Brief Anxiety Scale (BAS) and the self-report Brief Symptom Inventory 12-item version (BSI-12), and described associations between patient characteristics and discordance. DESIGN: The study used an observational design, using prospective data from 2,007 outpatients with DSM-IV-TR panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737261/does-prolonged-grief-treatment-foster-posttraumatic-growth-secondary-results-from-a-treatment-study-with-long-term-follow-up-and-mediation-analysis
#8
Helga Bartl, Maria Hagl, Michaela Kotoučová, Gabriele Pfoh, Rita Rosner
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a persistent and disabling kind of grief reaction that can be treated effectively with psychotherapeutic interventions. There has been limited investigation of whether these interventions can also enhance positive outcomes of bereavement, such as posttraumatic growth or benefit finding. DESIGN: As part of secondary analyses in a randomized controlled trial evaluating integrative cognitive-behavioural therapy for PGD (PG-CBT), the posttraumatic growth trajectories in 51 outpatients with clinically relevant prolonged grief symptoms were followed up from baseline up to 1...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734008/editorial-statement
#9
EDITORIAL
Katherine Berry, Sandra Bucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726350/what-is-distressing-about-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-the-contribution-of-goal-interference-and-goal-facilitation
#10
Filippo Varese, Warren Mansell, Sara J Tai
OBJECTIVES: Distressing and pleasant/positive voices (auditory verbal hallucinations) are common in both clinical and non-clinical voice-hearers. Identifying factors that contribute to emotional reactions to voices is essential for developing effective psychological interventions. Several theories propose that facilitation and interference with personal goals are important predictors of distress and well-being. This study examined whether voice-related distress is related to the degree to which voices interfere with personal goals, and whether pleasantness of voices is influenced by the extent to which they facilitate goals...
July 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719140/do-english-mental-health-services-know-whether-they-followed-n-i-c-e-guidelines-with-patients-who-killed-themselves
#11
Jim Geekie, John Read, Julia Renton, Christopher Harrop
Freedom of Information Act requests sent to 51 NHS mental health providers in England showed an average of 20.5 suicides per organization. Only one provider, however, could report how many people that had killed themselves had been offered N.I.C.E. recommended psychological therapy. Information that might prevent suicides is being ignored. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Mental health services need, urgently, to develop data systems that can inform clinical team leaders about gaps in their services to suicidal people in their care Clinical psychologists have a particular responsibility to pressure managers to effectively monitor the provision of evidence-based treatments to suicidal people Trusts and commissioners must be aware of, and rectify, any failings of their services in relation to the prevention of suicide...
July 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707425/experiential-acceptance-and-trait-mindfulness-as-predictors-of-analogue-post-traumatic-stress
#12
Paul A Boelen, Lonneke I M Lenferink
OBJECTIVES: Experiential acceptance and trait-mindfulness are associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic events. This study was a preliminary attempt to examine (1) associations of experiential acceptance and trait-mindfulness with post-traumatic stress (PTS) associated with negative, but not necessarily traumatizing, life events ('analogue' PTS), (2) the role of these variables in the context of neuroticism as well as worry and rumination - two other regulatory strategies associated with PTS, and (3) the impact of pre-trauma tendencies towards experiential acceptance and mindfulness on analogue PTS...
July 14, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707407/symptom-fluctuations-self-esteem-and-cohesion-during-group-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-early-psychosis
#13
Tania Lecomte, Claude Leclerc, Til Wykes
Group cohesion has been linked to positive changes in self-esteem and in symptoms during group psychotherapy in people with psychosis. These changes may be linked to changes in symptoms as fluctuations in self-esteem have been linked to symptom fluctuations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the relationship between these three factors - group cohesion, self-esteem, and symptoms - during group cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (GCBTp). We hypothesized that group cohesion would precede changes in symptoms and self-esteem and that improvements in self-esteem would precede improvements in symptoms...
July 14, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670774/experienced-stigma-and-its-impacts-in-psychosis-the-role-of-social-rank-and-external-shame
#14
Lisa Wood, Chris Irons
OBJECTIVES: Experienced stigma is detrimental to those who experience psychosis and can cause emotional distress and hinder recovery. This study aimed to explore the relationship between experienced stigma with emotional distress and recovery in people with psychosis. It explored the role of external shame and social rank as mediators in these relationships. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was implemented. METHODS: Fifty-two service users were administered a battery of questionnaires examining experienced stigma, external shame, social rank, personal recovery, positive symptoms, depression, and anxiety...
July 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261919/the-effect-of-length-duration-and-intensity-of-psychological-therapy-on-core-global-distress-scores
#15
Lauren Jayne Evans, Alison Beck, Mark Burdett
OBJECTIVES: This study explores whether improvements, as measured by the CORE-OM/10, as a result of psychological therapy were related to length of treatment in weeks, number of treatment sessions, or treatment intensity, as well as any effect of diagnostic group. METHODS AND DESIGN: Pre- and post-therapy CORE-OM/10 scores were extracted from the clinical records of all secondary care adult psychological therapy team patients who undertook psychological therapy between 2010 and 2013 in one mental health trust...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261907/significant-change-events-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-is-cognition-or-emotion-more-important
#16
Kye L McCarthy, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
OBJECTIVE: Significant change events are helpful moments within a psychotherapy session that have been shown in previous research to relate strongly to outcome. They are special moments and therefore provide rich data for research into understanding therapeutic process. This study investigated clinical and linguistic features of these helpful moments using and comparing both human ratings and computerized text analysis strategies. METHOD: Significant change events versus non-event passages were studied within 1195 word blocks of transcribed psychotherapy for 20 participants with diagnoses of comorbid depression and personality disorder...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244209/anxiety-and-depression-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-examining-the-incidence-of-health-anxiety-in-cfs-me
#17
Jo Daniels, Amberly Brigden, Adela Kacorova
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of research examining the incidence of health anxiety in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), despite this being an important research area with potentially significant clinical implications. This preliminary study aimed to determine the incidence of anxiety and depression, more specifically health anxiety, in a sample of CFS/ME patients over a 3-month period. DESIGN: The research was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, using a consecutive sample of patients who were assessed in a CFS/ME service...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035751/the-prediction-of-the-level-of-personality-organization-on-reduction-of-psychiatric-symptoms-and-improvement-of-work-ability-in-short-versus-long-term-psychotherapies-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#18
Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Matti Keinänen, Erkki Heinonen, Esa Virtala, Tommi Härkänen
OBJECTIVES: How level of personality organization (LPO) predicts psychiatric symptoms and work ability in short- versus long-term psychotherapies is poorly known. We investigated the importance of the LPO on the benefits of short-term versus long-term psychotherapies. DESIGN: A cohort study based on 326 outpatients with mood or anxiety disorder was allocated to long-term (LPP) and short-term (SPP) psychodynamic psychotherapy, and solution-focused therapy (SFT). METHODS: The LPO was assessed by interview at baseline and categorized into neuroses and higher level borderline...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035741/does-empowerment-mediate-the-effects-of-psychological-factors-on-mental-health-well-being-and-recovery-in-young-people
#19
Annmarie Grealish, Sara Tai, Andrew Hunter, Richard Emsley, Trevor Murrells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: There is consensus that empowerment is key to recovery from mental health problems, enabling a person to take charge of their life and make informed choices and decisions about their life. However, little is known about the mechanisms through which empowerment affects mental health in young people. The current study involved young people aged 16-29 years and examined empowerment as a potential mediator of the relationship between psychological factors (psychosocial, cognition, coping, and control) and mental health, well-being, and recovery from personal problems...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035740/hospital-staff-experiences-of-their-relationships-with-adults-who-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis
#20
REVIEW
Sophie O'Connor, Lesley Glover
PURPOSE: This review aimed to synthesize qualitative literature exploring inpatient hospital staff experiences of their relationships with people who self-harm. METHODS: Nine studies were identified from a systematic search of five research databases. Papers included the experiences of physical health and mental health staff working in inpatient settings. The studies employed various qualitative research methods and were appraised using an adapted quality assessment tool (Tong, Sainsbury, & Craig, 2007)...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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