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Psychology and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639407/factorial-structure-and-construct-validity-of-an-italian-version-of-the-fears-of-compassion-scales-a%C3%A2-study-on-non-clinical-subjects
#1
Francesco Dentale, Nicola Petrocchi, Michele Vecchione, Claudia Biagioli, Accursio Gennaro, Cristiano Violani
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at investigating the factorial structure and the construct validity of the Italian translation of the Fears of Compassion (FC) Scales in a non-clinical sample (i.e., Fear of Compassion From Others [FCFO], Fear of Compassion Towards Others [FCTO] and Fear of Self-Compassion [FSC]). An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on all the items to investigate the dimensionality of the FC scales. To assess construct validity, correlations between the FC scales and a series of construct-related measures were analysed...
June 22, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585772/adolescent-perfectionism-structural-features-of-the-frost-multidimensional-perfectionism-scale-and-correlates-with-attachment-and-psychopathology
#2
Emily P Taylor, Rachel Couper, Carolyn Maeve Butler
OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism is recognized as a significant risk factor for psychopathology. Emerging research links attachment to perfectionism in adult and college-age samples. The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) has been used in adults and adolescents with a variety of factor structures found. This study sought to establish the factor structure in a general adolescent sample prior to testing for associations between perfectionism, attachment, and psychopathology in the same sample...
June 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585718/emotion-dysregulation-symptoms-and-interpersonal-problems-as-independent-predictors-of-a-broad-range-of-personality-disorders-in-an-outpatient-sample
#3
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Raffaele Popolo, Antonella Montano, Patrizia Velotti, Filippo Perrini, Luisa Buonocore, Carlo Garofalo, Mario D'Aguanno, Giampaolo Salvatore
Emotion dysregulation (ED) is considered a hallmark of borderline personality disorder and is prominent in other personality disorders (PDs). Its presence and contribution to personality pathology need to be explored in the whole range of PDs. In this study, we investigated the association of ED with the whole range of PD traits, symptoms, and interpersonal problems and then investigated whether ED had a unique contribution in predicting the different PDs. A sample of 478 treatment-seeking outpatients was interviewed with the SCID-II...
June 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544223/long-term-outcomes-of-metacognitive-narrative-psychotherapy-for-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#4
Robert D Schweitzer, Melissa Greben, Rebecca Bargenquast
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated long-term outcomes of Metacognitive Narrative Psychotherapy. Previous studies have shown the approach to be effective in enhancing recovery and metacognition in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. DESIGN: A 2-year longitudinal follow-up case study design. METHODS: Eight people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia received an average of 52 sessions over 13-26 months. Follow-up interviews were conducted and self-report measures administered at approximately 2 years (22-30 months) post-completion of therapy...
May 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497909/the-therapeutic-alliance-in-different-mental-disorders-a-comparison-of-patients-with-depression-somatoform-and-eating-disorders
#5
Johannes Mander, Andreas B Neubauer, Angelika Schlarb, Martin Teufel, Hinrich Bents, Martin Hautzinger, Stephan Zipfel, Andreas Wittorf, Isa Sammet
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic alliance is intensively investigated in psychotherapy research. However, there is scarce research on the role of the specific diagnosis of the patient in the formation of the therapeutic alliance. Hence, the aim of this study was to address this research gap by comparing the alliance in different mental disorders. DESIGN: Our sample comprised 348 patients (mean age = 40 years; 68% female; 133 patients with depression, 122 patients with somatoform disorders, and 93 patients with eating disorders)...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497892/echoes-of-others-a-path-analytic-examination-of-an-interpersonal-cognitive-model-of-voice-related-distress
#6
Esther R Cole, Clara Strauss, Chris Fife-Schaw, Simon McCarthy-Jones
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models propose that levels of distress associated with auditory verbal hallucinations ('voices') are influenced by the hearers' beliefs about their voices (perceived malevolence and omnipotence), their negative beliefs about themselves and others and their attachment style. This study aims to test a comprehensive model of the relationship between these variables in order to identify distal and proximal interpersonal and cognitive factors contributing to voice-related distress...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497887/surviving-moment-to-moment-the-experience-of-living-in-a-state-of-ambivalence-for-those-with-recurrent-suicide-attempts
#7
Yvonne Bergmans, Evelyn Gordon, Rahel Eynan
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to capture the experience of living in the ambivalent space between life and death for adults with recurrent suicide attempts (RSA). It sought to expand upon an earlier study that explored the processes involved in transitioning away from RSA among adults, which revealed that occupying this ambivalent space is a crucial part of this process. DESIGN: Interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used. This methodology was designed to explore the lived experiences and meaning making and enabled interpretation of the multidimensional subjective experiences of RSA participants...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477393/directiveness-in-psychotherapy-a-phenomenological-narrative-study-of-therapist-attitudes
#8
Erik Rautalinko
OBJECTIVES: This study of directiveness draws on the literature on patient-therapist matching, neutrality, and resistance. Our aim was to investigate how psychotherapists conceptualize directiveness as an attitude, with a focus on pantheoretical aspects of directiveness. DESIGN AND METHODS: Our data are narratives from 18 interviews with psychotherapists of different theoretical orientations (cognitive-behavioural, family-systems, humanistic-experiential, and psychodynamic), and from focus-group discussions with six other psychotherapists...
May 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467686/the-role-of-pride-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-grounded-theory-study
#9
Cintia L Faija, Stephanie Tierney, Patricia A Gooding, Sarah Peters, John R E Fox
OBJECTIVE: Theory and clinical literature suggest that pride may play an important role in the maintenance of restrictive eating disorders. A grounded theory study explored experiences of, and reflections on, pride among women with a current or past diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study using grounded theory. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 21 women recruited from an eating disorder unit in England, and from a UK self-help organization...
May 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397354/seeking-help-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-a-qualitative-study-of-the-enablers-and-barriers-conducted-by-a-researcher-with-personal-experience-of-ocd
#10
Karen J Robinson, Diana Rose, Paul M Salkovskis
OBJECTIVES: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) can be hugely disabling. Although very effective psychological treatments exist, many people delay years before seeking help or never seek treatment. There have been clinical observation and short questionnaire studies on why people delay, but little qualitative research exists on this complex subject. The present qualitative study aimed to identify the barriers to seeking treatment and the factors that encourage or push people to seek help for their OCD (positive and negative enablers)...
April 10, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391656/-you-ve-got-your-own-demons-that-you-ve-got-to-fight-every-day-a-qualitative-exploration-of-how-people-respond-to-the-experience-of-psychosis
#11
Sarah Tully, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models of psychosis implicate how people respond to their distressing experiences in the maintenance of such experiences. Safety-seeking behaviours, which are employed in response to a catastrophic misinterpretation of threat, are viewed as unhelpful maintenance factors. However, the concept of safety seeking was developed in relation to anxiety disorders, and there may be additional complexities that apply in relation to the experience of psychosis. The ways in which people respond to their distressing experiences of psychosis are complex, multifaceted, and changeable, and qualitative research is needed to further the understanding of this process...
April 8, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743461/therapist-competencies-necessary-for-the-delivery-of-compassion-focused-therapy-a-delphi-study
#12
Alice E Liddell, Steven Allan, Ken Goss
OBJECTIVES: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has shown promising results for a range of clinical presentations. This study explored the therapeutic competencies required to deliver CFT and organized these into a coherent framework. DESIGN: The Delphi method was used to explore and refine competencies for delivering CFT in three rounds of data collection. METHODS: The first round involved interviews with 12 experts in CFT. Data were analysed using template analysis to generate a draft competency framework...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699986/unresolved-attachment-and-agency-in-women-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-case-control-study
#13
Susanna Pallini, Agnese Alfani, Lucrezia Marech, Fiorenzo Laghi
OBJECTIVES: Women victims of IPV are more likely insecurely attached and have experienced childhood abuse, which according to the attachment theory is deeply related to disorganized attachment. This case-control study was performed with the aim to compare the attachment status and the defensive processing patterns of women victims of IPV (cases) with women with no experiences of IPV (controls). METHODS: Cases were 16 women with an age range from 26 years to 51 years...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561944/differential-effect-of-exposure-based-therapy-and-cognitive-therapy-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Danny Horesh, Meng Qian, Sara Freedman, Arieh Shalev
A question remains regarding differential effects of exposure-based versus non-exposure-based therapies on specific post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. Traumatized emergency room patients were randomized to receive prolonged exposure (PE) or cognitive therapy (CT) without exposure. PE/CT had no differential effect on individual symptom clusters, and change in total PTSD score remained significant even after controlling for the reductions in all three symptom clusters. In addition, baseline levels of PTSD avoidance/intrusion/hyperarousal did not moderate the effects of PE and CT on total PTSD symptom scores...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470500/effectiveness-of-school-based-humanistic-counselling-for-psychological-distress-in-young-people-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-follow-up-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample
#15
Peter Pearce, Ros Sewell, Mick Cooper, Sarah Osman, Andrew J B Fugard, Joanne Pybis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to pilot a test of the effectiveness of school-based humanistic counselling (SBHC) in an ethnically diverse group of young people (aged 11-18 years old), with follow-up assessments at 6 and 9 months. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial, using linear-mixed effect modelling and intention-to-treat analysis to compare changes in levels of psychological distress for participants in SBHC against usual care (UC). TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN44253140...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435825/agreement-between-clients-with-schizophrenia-and-mental-health-workers-on-clients-social-quality-of-life-the-role-of-social-cognition-and-symptoms
#16
Shani Ofir-Eyal, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Shlomo Kravetz, Paul H Lysaker
OBJECTIVE: Studies have showed that therapists and mental health workers of persons with schizophrenia tend to estimate their patients' social quality of life (SQoL) as poorer than the clients' own estimation. This study explores the hypothesis that this discrepancy is related to clients' social cognition and symptomatology. DESIGN: Cross-sectional assessment of both clients and their mental health workers. METHODS: Ninety persons with schizophrenia and 12 persons who were formal care providers participated in the study...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432774/attachment-style-and-readiness-for-psychotherapy-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#17
David Kealy, Michelle Tsai, John S Ogrodniczuk
Ninety-two adults attending outpatient mental health services completed measures of attachment style and readiness to engage in psychotherapy. Correlation and linear regression analyses found anxious attachment to be positively associated with treatment-seeking distress and found avoidant attachment to be negatively associated with openness to personal disclosure in the therapy relationship. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Insecure attachment may influence prospective patients' readiness for psychotherapy...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432719/young-children-s-experiences-of-living-with-a-parent-with-bipolar-disorder-understanding-the-child-s-perspective
#18
Clare Backer, Rebecca Murphy, John R E Fox, Fiona Ulph, Rachel Calam
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of young children of living with a parent with bipolar disorder (BD) and how this impacts on their emotional well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using a computer-assisted semi-structured interview, 'In My Shoes' (IMS). METHODS: Ten children aged between 4 and 10 years with a parent with BD identified via self-help groups were interviewed about their experience of family life. Thematic analysis was used following transcription...
June 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334488/the-metacognition-assessment-scale-mas-a-results-of-a-pilot-study-applying-a-german-translation-to-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#19
Anna-Lena Bröcker, Samuel Bayer, Frauke Stuke, Patrick Giemsa, Andreas Heinz, Felix Bermpohl, Paul H Lysaker, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVES: Metacognition, the capacity 'to think about thinking' and thus to reflect and to master interpersonal problems on a mentalistic basis, is often impaired among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and has been suggested as a potential treatment target. However, little is known about the reliability of its measurement and links with related phenomena. The aim of this study was to validate a German translation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS-A) as a measure to assess metacognition from free narratives of patients' personally relevant episodes and relationships...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299896/is-behavioural-activation-effective-in-the-treatment-of-depression-in-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Lucy Tindall, Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Dean McMillan, Barry Wright, Catherine Hewitt, Samantha Gascoyne
PURPOSE: Depression is currently the leading cause of illness and disability in young people. Evidence suggests that behavioural activation (BA) is an effective treatment for depression in adults but less research focuses on its application with young people. This review therefore examined whether BA is effective in the treatment of depression in young people. METHODS: A systematic review (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews reference: CRD42015020453), following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, was conducted to examine studies that had explored behavioural interventions for young people with depression...
March 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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