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Psychology and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271069/paranoia-and-maladaptive-behaviours-in-homelessness-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation
#1
Kathryn Powell, Nick Maguire
OBJECTIVES: Current research has implicated a role for cognitive and emotional processes in the pathways to becoming homeless. Evidence implicates three risk factors, which are often associated with an increased incidence of homelessness: paranoid thinking, emotion regulation, and engaging in maladaptive behaviours. Maladaptive behaviours include deliberate self-harm, substance misuse, and high-risk sexual practices. Currently, no studies have investigated the specific psychological mechanisms, such as difficulty regulating emotions, which underpin the association between paranoia and maladaptive behaviours...
December 22, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222850/exploratory-study-of-imagery-rescripting-without-focusing-on-early-traumatic-memories-for-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Fuminori Yamada, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Seki, Mizue Yokoo, Remi Noguchi, Takayuki Shibuya, Mari Tanaka, Rieko Takanashi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery has a more powerful impact on our emotions than thinking in words about the same material. Treating intrusive images with imagery rescripting (IR) has been reported for various disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder. There has been less research about IR as a major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: We examined whether IR without focusing on early traumatic memories is effective in MDD...
December 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194921/causal-beliefs-in-people-experiencing-psychosis-the-relationship-to-treatment-accessed-and-the-perceived-helpfulness-of-treatment
#3
Lucy Carter, John Read, Melissa Pyle, Heather Law, Richard Emsley, Anthony Morrison
PURPOSE: Research suggests that the way an individual understands a health difficulty can influence their subsequent behaviour. The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of a new causal belief questionnaire for people who have experience of psychosis. We also planned to provide an overview of current causal beliefs within this group and to explore the relationship between these beliefs and the perceived helpfulness of treatment and the treatment accessed. METHODS: Three hundred and eleven service-users with experience of psychosis completed a questionnaire designed to explore how they understand the cause of their difficulties...
December 1, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087607/male-views-on-help-seeking-for-depression-a-q-methodology-study
#4
Jennifer House, Pinar Marasli, Matthew Lister, June S L Brown
OBJECTIVES: To identify viewpoints among men with depression about depression and its treatment, consider how these might influence help-seeking behaviour, and generate ideas for interventions and future research. DESIGN: Q methodology. METHODS: Twenty-nine men with depression completed a Q sort by ranking a set of statements about depression and help-seeking according to their relative agreement with each statement. Factor analysis was used to identify viewpoints relating to male understandings of depression and help-seeking, which were interpreted in the context of participant characteristics and additional information from post-sorting interviews...
October 31, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080248/insidious-the-relationship-patients-have-with-their-eating-disorders-and-its-impact-on-symptoms-duration-of-illness-and-self-image
#5
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: In published clinical and autobiographical accounts of eating disorders, patients often describe their disorder in personified ways, that is, relating to the disorder as if it were an entity, and treatment often involves techniques of externalization. By encouraging patients to think about their eating disorder as a relationship, this study aimed to examine how young female patients experience their eating disorder as acting towards them, how they react in response, and whether these interactions are associated with symptoms, illness duration, and self-image...
October 28, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076611/-i-can-see-it-and-i-can-feel-it-but-i-can-t-put-my-finger-on-it-a-foucauldian-discourse-analysis-of-experiences-of-relating-on-psychiatric-inpatient-units
#6
John Cheetham, Sue Holttum, Neil Springham, Kate Butt
OBJECTIVES: Research has shown interpersonal relationships influence experiences of inpatient psychiatric services. This study explored inpatient staff and service users' talk about relating, and consequences on available/limited social actions. DESIGN: A Foucauldian discourse analysis was used to analyse transcribed semi-structured interviews and focus groups with current inpatient staff members and members of a service-user involvement group. METHOD: Two focus groups (service users n = 10; staff n = 6) and five interviews (service users n = 2; staff n = 3) were held, with participants responding to questions regarding the discursive object of 'experiences of relating on inpatient wards'...
October 27, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052308/an-audit-of-ect-in-england-2011-2015-usage-demographics-and-adherence-to-guidelines-and-legislation
#7
John Read, Christopher Harrop, Jim Geekie, Julia Renton
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England, but without comprehensive national auditing. Therefore, information was gathered on usage, demographics, consent, and adherence to the guidelines of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (N.I.C.E.) and to the Mental Health Act. DESIGN AND METHODS: Freedom of Information Act requests were sent to 56 National Health Service Trusts. RESULTS: Thirty-two trusts provided some usable data...
October 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034599/process-and-impact-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-of-clients-with-a-diagnosis-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990738/treatment-of-obsessive-morbid-jealousy-with-cognitive-analytic-therapy-an-adjudicated-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-evaluation
#9
Louise Curling, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell, Glenys Parry, Gillian Hardy, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVE: The evidence base for the treatment of morbid jealousy with integrative therapies is thin. This study explored the efficacy of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT). DESIGN: An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluated the cognitive analytic treatment of a patient meeting diagnostic criteria for obsessive morbid jealousy. METHOD: A rich case record was developed using a matrix of nomothetic and ideographic quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
October 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980765/the-role-of-cognitive-and-metacognitive-factors-in-non-clinical-paranoia-and-negative-affect
#10
Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: It is increasingly accepted that paranoia lies on a continuum of severity that can be observed in the general population. Several psychological factors have been implicated in the development of more distressing persecutory ideas including negative affect (i.e., anxiety and depression), beliefs about oneself and other people (i.e., schemas), and metacognitive beliefs. This study aimed to explore the combined role of cognition and metacognition in paranoia. Specifically, unhelpful metacognitive beliefs and schematic beliefs were tested as potential moderators of the relationship between non-clinical paranoid ideation and negative affect...
October 5, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976056/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychosis-and-trauma-improvement-in-psychiatric-symptoms-emotion-regulation-and-treatment-compliance-following-a-brief-group-intervention
#11
Alicia Spidel, Tania Lecomte, David Kealy, Isabelle Daigneault
OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has shown effectiveness for individuals with psychosis and individuals with a history of childhood trauma, but has not been investigated with people with psychosis who also have a history of childhood trauma. This study aims at determining the efficacy of a mindfulness-based ACT with this clientele in diminishing psychiatric symptoms, trauma-related symptoms, as well as in improving treatment adherence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty participants meeting our inclusion criteria were recruited and randomized to take part in either 10 sessions of ACT group, or Treatment as Usual (TAU)...
October 4, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972700/a-systematic-review-of-team-formulation-in-clinical-psychology-practice-definition-implementation-and-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Nicole Geach, Nima G Moghaddam, Danielle De Boos
PURPOSE: Team formulation is promoted by professional practice guidelines for clinical psychologists. However, it is unclear whether team formulation is understood/implemented in consistent ways - or whether there is outcome evidence to support the promotion of this practice. This systematic review aimed to (1) synthesize how team formulation practice is defined and implemented by practitioner psychologists and (2) analyse the range of team formulation outcomes in the peer-reviewed literature...
October 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972694/alexithymia-according-to-bucci-s-multiple-code-theory-a-preliminary-investigation-with-healthy-and-hypertensive-individuals
#13
Michela Di Trani, Rachele Mariani, Alessia Renzi, Paul Samuel Greenman, Luigi Solano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between alexithymia and Referential Activity (RA), a linguistic measure of the process by which non-verbal emotional experience is connected to language. METHODS: The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Toronto Structured Interview for Alexithymia (TSIA) were administered to 20 postgraduate students and 15 outpatients with hypertension. The Weighted Referential Activity Dictionary (WRAD) and other linguistic measures (Reflection, Disfluency, and Somatic Sense) were applied to texts derived from the TSIA using the Discourse Attributes Analysis Program (DAAP)...
October 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972687/understandings-of-psychological-difficulties-in-people-with-the-huntington-s-disease-gene-and-their-expectations-of-psychological-therapy
#14
Rachael Theed, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate how people who had tested positive for the Huntington's disease (HD) gene mutation understood and experienced psychological distress and their expectations of psychological therapy. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology was adopted involving semi-structured interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). METHOD: A total of nine participants (five women and four men) who had opted to engage in psychological therapy were recruited and interviewed prior to the start of this particular psychological therapeutic intervention...
October 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901694/the-role-of-cognitive-biases-in-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#15
Ueli Kramer, Diana Ortega, Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
The concept of biased thinking - or cognitive biases - is relevant to psychotherapy research and clinical conceptualization, beyond cognitive theories. The present naturalistic study aimed to examine the changes in biased thinking over the course of a short-term dynamic psychotherapy (STDP) and to discover potential links between these changes and symptomatic improvement. This study focuses on 32 self-referred patients consulting for Adjustment Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR. The therapists were experienced psychodynamically oriented psychiatrists and psychotherapists...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901691/psychodynamic-day-treatment-programme-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-dynamics-and-predictors-of-therapeutic-change
#16
Ondrej Pec, Petr Bob, Jan Pec, Adela Hrubcova
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether a psychodynamically based group psychotherapeutic programme might improve symptoms, social functions, or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and to investigate factors that might predict clinical improvement or dropouts from the programme. DESIGN: A quantitative prospective cohort study. METHODS: We have investigated 81 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who participated in a 9-month psychodynamically based psychotherapeutic day programme...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261919/the-effect-of-length-duration-and-intensity-of-psychological-therapy-on-core-global-distress-scores
#17
Lauren Jayne Evans, Alison Beck, Mark Burdett
OBJECTIVES: This study explores whether improvements, as measured by the CORE-OM/10, as a result of psychological therapy were related to length of treatment in weeks, number of treatment sessions, or treatment intensity, as well as any effect of diagnostic group. METHODS AND DESIGN: Pre- and post-therapy CORE-OM/10 scores were extracted from the clinical records of all secondary care adult psychological therapy team patients who undertook psychological therapy between 2010 and 2013 in one mental health trust...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261907/significant-change-events-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-is-cognition-or-emotion-more-important
#18
Kye L McCarthy, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
OBJECTIVE: Significant change events are helpful moments within a psychotherapy session that have been shown in previous research to relate strongly to outcome. They are special moments and therefore provide rich data for research into understanding therapeutic process. This study investigated clinical and linguistic features of these helpful moments using and comparing both human ratings and computerized text analysis strategies. METHOD: Significant change events versus non-event passages were studied within 1195 word blocks of transcribed psychotherapy for 20 participants with diagnoses of comorbid depression and personality disorder...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244209/anxiety-and-depression-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-examining-the-incidence-of-health-anxiety-in-cfs-me
#19
Jo Daniels, Amberly Brigden, Adela Kacorova
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of research examining the incidence of health anxiety in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), despite this being an important research area with potentially significant clinical implications. This preliminary study aimed to determine the incidence of anxiety and depression, more specifically health anxiety, in a sample of CFS/ME patients over a 3-month period. DESIGN: The research was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, using a consecutive sample of patients who were assessed in a CFS/ME service...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035751/the-prediction-of-the-level-of-personality-organization-on-reduction-of-psychiatric-symptoms-and-improvement-of-work-ability-in-short-versus-long-term-psychotherapies-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#20
Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Matti Keinänen, Erkki Heinonen, Esa Virtala, Tommi Härkänen
OBJECTIVES: How level of personality organization (LPO) predicts psychiatric symptoms and work ability in short- versus long-term psychotherapies is poorly known. We investigated the importance of the LPO on the benefits of short-term versus long-term psychotherapies. DESIGN: A cohort study based on 326 outpatients with mood or anxiety disorder was allocated to long-term (LPP) and short-term (SPP) psychodynamic psychotherapy, and solution-focused therapy (SFT). METHODS: The LPO was assessed by interview at baseline and categorized into neuroses and higher level borderline...
September 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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