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Psychology and Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003688/mood-instability-contributes-to-impulsivity-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-binge-eating-purging-in-people-with-anxiety-disorders
#1
Evyn M Peters, Rudy Bowen, Lloyd Balbuena
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether mood instability in people with anxiety disorders contributes to trait impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging. METHODS: Data were analysed from a general population sample of 7,221 adults (Mage  = 51.0 years; 56.9% female). Logistic regression analyses with effect decompositions were used to establish the associations of five anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder) with impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging, and then to determine the extent that adding mood instability to each model reduced these relationships...
July 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956437/predictive-validity-of-the-r-urica
#2
Rachel R Tambling, Lee N Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Measuring client motivation to change, and then using information from that assessment to plan and conduct treatment, has been of great interest to therapists. Researchers have modified a measure of motivation to change to develop the R-URICA (Tambling & Johnson, 2012, Fam. J., 20, 59). DESIGN: This manuscript presents the results of an exploration of the validity of the R-URICA in a sample of individuals in couple therapy. Sample included 581 couples from a treatment-as-usual sample of counselling clinic clients...
June 29, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907988/self-reassurance-not-self-esteem-serves-as-a-buffer-between-self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms
#3
Nicola Petrocchi, Francesco Dentale, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: Several studies suggest that self-criticism and self-reassurance operate through different mechanisms and might interact with each other. This study examined the hypothesis that self-reassurance serves as a buffer between self-criticism and depressive symptoms in a way that self-esteem, which is rooted in a different motivational system, may not. DESIGN: We hypothesized that self-criticism would be correlated with high levels of depressive symptoms, but that this association would be weaker at higher levels of self-reassurance abilities...
June 15, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888437/conceptualizing-resilience-in-adult-mental-health-literature-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Nadia Ayed, Sarah Toner, Stefan Priebe
PURPOSE: This review aims to identify how the term 'resilience' is conceptualized across adult mental health research due to ongoing criticism regarding the lack of consistency in its conceptualization. METHOD: A systematic search, including hand searches of book chapters, was conducted using search terms ('resilien*') AND ('mental illness' OR 'mental health problem'). Papers were excluded if they did not meet the following criteria: written in English, provide a clear conceptualization of resilience, include only adults (aged 18 + ) in the sample, solely focus on individuals with a primary diagnosis of mental illness, and peer-reviewed...
June 11, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781234/the-unsafe-haven-eating-disorders-as-attachment-relationships
#5
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719118/cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-psychosis-a-case-series
#6
Peter J Taylor, Alex Perry, Paul Hutton, Ranil Tan, Naomi Fisher, Chiara Focone, Diane Griffiths, Claire Seddon
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) is an effective psychological intervention for several different mental health conditions. However, whether it is acceptable, safe, and beneficial for people with psychosis remains unclear, as is the feasibility of providing and evaluating it within a research context. The aim of this study was to begin to address these questions and to obtain for the first time a rich and detailed understanding of the experience of receiving CAT for psychosis...
May 2, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980765/the-role-of-cognitive-and-metacognitive-factors-in-non-clinical-paranoia-and-negative-affect
#7
Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: It is increasingly accepted that paranoia lies on a continuum of severity that can be observed in the general population. Several psychological factors have been implicated in the development of more distressing persecutory ideas including negative affect (i.e., anxiety and depression), beliefs about oneself and other people (i.e., schemas), and metacognitive beliefs. This study aimed to explore the combined role of cognition and metacognition in paranoia. Specifically, unhelpful metacognitive beliefs and schematic beliefs were tested as potential moderators of the relationship between non-clinical paranoid ideation and negative affect...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976056/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychosis-and-trauma-improvement-in-psychiatric-symptoms-emotion-regulation-and-treatment-compliance-following-a-brief-group-intervention
#8
Alicia Spidel, Tania Lecomte, David Kealy, Isabelle Daigneault
OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has shown effectiveness for individuals with psychosis and individuals with a history of childhood trauma, but has not been investigated with people with psychosis who also have a history of childhood trauma. This study aims at determining the efficacy of a mindfulness-based ACT with this clientele in diminishing psychiatric symptoms, trauma-related symptoms, as well as in improving treatment adherence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty participants meeting our inclusion criteria were recruited and randomized to take part in either 10 sessions of ACT group, or Treatment as Usual (TAU)...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972700/a-systematic-review-of-team-formulation-in-clinical-psychology-practice-definition-implementation-and-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Nicole Geach, Nima G Moghaddam, Danielle De Boos
PURPOSE: Team formulation is promoted by professional practice guidelines for clinical psychologists. However, it is unclear whether team formulation is understood/implemented in consistent ways - or whether there is outcome evidence to support the promotion of this practice. This systematic review aimed to (1) synthesize how team formulation practice is defined and implemented by practitioner psychologists and (2) analyse the range of team formulation outcomes in the peer-reviewed literature...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972694/alexithymia-according-to-bucci-s-multiple-code-theory-a-preliminary-investigation-with-healthy-and-hypertensive-individuals
#10
Michela Di Trani, Rachele Mariani, Alessia Renzi, Paul Samuel Greenman, Luigi Solano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between alexithymia and Referential Activity (RA), a linguistic measure of the process by which non-verbal emotional experience is connected to language. METHODS: The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Toronto Structured Interview for Alexithymia (TSIA) were administered to 20 postgraduate students and 15 outpatients with hypertension. The Weighted Referential Activity Dictionary (WRAD) and other linguistic measures (Reflection, Disfluency, and Somatic Sense) were applied to texts derived from the TSIA using the Discourse Attributes Analysis Program (DAAP)...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972687/understandings-of-psychological-difficulties-in-people-with-the-huntington-s-disease-gene-and-their-expectations-of-psychological-therapy
#11
Rachael Theed, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate how people who had tested positive for the Huntington's disease (HD) gene mutation understood and experienced psychological distress and their expectations of psychological therapy. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology was adopted involving semi-structured interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). METHOD: A total of nine participants (five women and four men) who had opted to engage in psychological therapy were recruited and interviewed prior to the start of this particular psychological therapeutic intervention...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901694/the-role-of-cognitive-biases-in-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#12
Ueli Kramer, Diana Ortega, Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
The concept of biased thinking - or cognitive biases - is relevant to psychotherapy research and clinical conceptualization, beyond cognitive theories. The present naturalistic study aimed to examine the changes in biased thinking over the course of a short-term dynamic psychotherapy (STDP) and to discover potential links between these changes and symptomatic improvement. This study focuses on 32 self-referred patients consulting for Adjustment Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR. The therapists were experienced psychodynamically oriented psychiatrists and psychotherapists...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901691/psychodynamic-day-treatment-programme-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-dynamics-and-predictors-of-therapeutic-change
#13
Ondrej Pec, Petr Bob, Jan Pec, Adela Hrubcova
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether a psychodynamically based group psychotherapeutic programme might improve symptoms, social functions, or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and to investigate factors that might predict clinical improvement or dropouts from the programme. DESIGN: A quantitative prospective cohort study. METHODS: We have investigated 81 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who participated in a 9-month psychodynamically based psychotherapeutic day programme...
June 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624832/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-in-group-mit-g-for-young-adults-with-personality-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Raffaele Popolo, Angus MacBeth, Flaviano Canfora, Daniela Rebecchi, Cecilia Toselli, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Young adults with personality disorders (PD) other than borderline are in urgent need of validated treatments to help them in managing important life transitions. Therapeutic interventions focused upon social and interpersonal difficulties may facilitate these individuals in maximizing opportunities for employment, forming stable romantic relationships, and belong to social groups. It is also important that they are offered evidence-based, first-line time-limited treatments in order to maximize effectiveness and reduce costs...
April 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603590/potential-effects-of-multimodal-psychosomatic-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-functional-vertigo-and-dizziness-symptoms-a-pilot-trial
#15
Karina Limburg, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Katharina Radziej, Melanie Gonzales, Joram Ronel, Claas Lahmann
OBJECTIVES: Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) are frequent and severely distressing complaints that are often described as hard to treat. Our aim was to provide preliminary data on potential effects of multimodal psychosomatic inpatient therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms in reducing vertigo-related handicap and related psychopathology, and to evaluate the role of symptom burden and body-related locus of control in predicting vertigo-related handicap at follow-up. DESIGN: We conducted an uncontrolled clinical pilot trial...
March 30, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603550/the-links-between-adult-attachment-and-post-traumatic-stress-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Natalie Barazzone, Ines Santos, John McGowan, Eloise Donaghay-Spire
PURPOSE: The theory of attachment has informed our understanding of survival and well-being throughout the lifespan. There is a growing interest in the relationship between attachment and symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTS). Emerging evidence points to important links between attachment and PTS, yet current theoretical and clinical understandings of PTS symptoms and attachment remain relatively disparate. The current systematic review aimed to synthesize, describe, and critique evidence demonstrating the links between attachment and PTS in adults...
March 30, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582581/mentalization-based-treatment-or-psychodynamic-treatment-programmes-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-impact-of-clinical-severity
#17
Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Geir Pedersen, Espen Folmo, Øyvind Urnes, Merete Selsbakk Johansen, Benjamin Hummelen, Theresa Wilberg, Sigmund Karterud
OBJECTIVES: Mentalization-based treatment (MBT), originally designed for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), may be particularly indicated for severe conditions. However, there is limited documentation of how increasing severity of personality disorder (PD) effect outcomes of highly specialized treatments. This study aimed to investigate associations between clinical severity and outcomes for patients in MBT as compared to a psychodynamic group-based treatment programme (PDT)...
March 26, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575518/narrative-insight-in-psychosis-the-relationship-with-spiritual-and-religious-explanatory-frameworks
#18
Michael R Marriott, Andrew R Thompson, Graham Cockshutt, Georgina Rowse
OBJECTIVE: When considering psychosis, the concept of narrative insight has been offered as an alternative to clinical insight in determining individuals' responses to their difficulties, as it allows for a more holistic and person-centred framework to be embraced within professional practice. This study aims to explore the validity of the narrative insight construct within a group of people who have experienced psychosis. DESIGN: Inductive qualitative methods were used to explore how eight participants utilized spiritual or religious explanatory frameworks for their experiences of psychosis and to consider these in relation to the construct of narrative insight...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575447/relations-of-mindfulness-facets-with-psychological-symptoms-among-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-major-depressive-disorder-or-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Fabrizio Didonna, Roberta Rossi, Clarissa Ferrari, Luca Iani, Laura Pedrini, Nicoletta Rossi, Erica Xodo, Mariangela Lanfredi
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in mindfulness facets among patients with a diagnosis of either obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or borderline personality disorder (BPD), and healthy controls (HC), and their associations with clinical features. DESIGN AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty-three patients and 50 HC underwent a clinical assessment including measures of mindfulness (Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire - FFMQ), psychopathological symptoms (Symptom Check List-90-R), dissociation (Dissociative Experience Scale), alexithymia (Alexithymia Scale 20), and depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II)...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528183/positive-emotion-in-distress-as-a-potentially-effective-emotion-regulation-strategy-for-depression-a-preliminary-investigation
#20
Keiko Yamaguchi, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi
OBJECTIVES: Emotion regulation utilizing positive emotion during negative emotional states might be one of the effective ways to alleviate depression and anxiety problems among people with emotional disorders. This study examined the psychometric properties and incremental validity of the Positive Emotion In Distress Scale (PEIDS), a newly developed self-report scale, in a sample of university students in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine the psychometric properties of the PEIDS, the scale was completed by Japanese university students (396 men and 363 women; mean age of 19...
March 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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