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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Satoshi Ida, Kazuya Murata, Mari Nakai, Sho Ito, Theodore K Malmstrom, Yuki Ishihara, Kanako Imataka, Akihiro Uchida, Kou Monguchi, Ryutaro Kaneko, Ryoko Fujiwara, Hiroka Takahashi
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between sarcopenia and depression in older patients with diabetes using the Japanese version of SARC-F. METHODS: Participants included patients with diabetes aged ≥65 years who were undergoing outpatient treatment at the Ise Red Cross Hospital, Ise, Japan. Depression was measured using the Japanese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire 9, which is a nine-item questionnaire. Sarcopenia was assessed using the Japanese version of SARC-F, a self-administered questionnaire comprising five question items...
July 18, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yoji Kokura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Shinta Nishioka, Keisuke Maeda
AIM: There is no consensus on energy intake in the acute stage and how it relates to improvement in activities of daily living (ADL) in geriatric stroke patients. We examined whether energy intake after admission is related to improvement in ADL and complications. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated the data from stroke inpatients at five acute care hospitals, including the mean daily energy intake during the first week after admission. Patients were categorized into two groups based on their daily energy intake; cases where the energy intake per day reached the basal energy expenditure calculated by the Harris-Benedict equation were designated as the intake energy sufficiency group...
July 13, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Sophie Moerman, Nina Mc Mathijssen, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Rob Ghh Nelissen, Anne Jh Vochteloo
AIM: A significant loss of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) after a hip fracture has been reported. The aim of the present study was to identify specific predictors for low IADL after a hip fracture, in order to target better postoperative care for these patients. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study of 480 hip fracture patients was carried out. IADL was measured at baseline, and after 3 and 12 months using the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale...
July 13, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yuta Nemoto, Kumiko Nonaka, Masami Hasebe, Takashi Koike, Ushio Minami, Yoh Murayama, Hiroshi Murayama, Hiroko Matsunaga, Taro Fukaya, Erika Kobayashi, Kazushi Maruo, Yoshinori Fujiwara
AIM: Identifying factors that influence participation in social group activities in older adults might be helpful in promoting social participation in this population. We examined factors related to new or continuous participation in social group activities according to group type. METHODS: We carried out a community-based, longitudinal study with a 2-year follow-up period. Of 7608 older adults aged ≥65 years, 3380 completed the follow-up survey and were included in the analysis...
July 12, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Mauricio Ortiz-Ramírez, Sergio Sánchez-García, Paola García-Dela Torre, Elba Reyes-Maldonado, Rosalinda Sánchez-Arenas, Haydeé Rosas-Vargas
AIM: Telomere shortening has been associated with several age-related diseases, in addition to being considered a hallmark of aging. Frailty is a clinical syndrome characterized by an accentuated physiological and functional decline that might be a predictor of an adverse condition in older age. The present study evaluated the relationship between frailty and telomere shortening in older adults from Mexico City, Mexico. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study...
July 10, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Shintaro Akihiro, Yaeko Taira, Keita Maeda, Keisuke Natsume, Harutoshi Sakakima
AIM: To promote preventive care among older individuals dwelling on an isolated, doctor-less island, we investigated the feasibility and the efficacy of a home-based exercise program, depending on their functional status and health-related quality of life. METHODS: A total of 23 older (mean age 72.6 years) participants were assigned to a home-based exercise program (intervention group), and 34 older (mean age 74.2 years) participants were assigned to a group without any intervention (control group)...
July 9, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Taeko Makino, Madoka Yanagawa, Hirotaka Nakashima, Masafumi Kuzuya, Takashi Sakurai, Kenji Toba
AIM: Physical and cognitive functions are mutually associated. However, it is unknown which markers of physical functions or body composition are most strongly associated with cognition. Here, we explored the association between body composition/physical performance and comprehensive neuropsychological assessments in an effort to identify reliable markers of cognition among factors in body composition/physical performance, including both usual and maximum gait speeds. METHODS: We examined a total of 161 Japanese individuals (71 men, 90 women; aged 76...
July 6, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Luca Quartuccio, Giorgia Gregoraci, Miriam Isola, Salvatore De Vita
AIM: The aim of the present study was to define subsets of patients suffering from polymyalgia rheumatica, where methotrexate (MTX) up to 20 mg/week might be more effective. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with polymyalgia rheumatica treated with MTX were studied. The criteria for MTX introduction were: (i) relapse during the first month of therapy, when tapering glucocorticoids (GC); (ii) requiring long-term GC (i.e. >24 consecutive months); (iii) requiring ≥5 mg/day of prednisone equivalents after 4 months of GC therapy; (iv) GC-related side-effects; and (v) a high risk of GC-related side-effects...
July 6, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Lloyd Brandts, Piet A van den Brandt
AIM: Tobacco smoking has been found to be significantly associated with a decreased chance of reaching longevity in men, but not in women. Furthermore, it is still unclear how the association of smoking status with longevity varies under the influence of underlying smoking characteristics. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the association between several smoking characteristics and the chance of reaching the age of 90 years in men and women separately. METHODS: We carried out a prospective cohort study among the oldest birth cohorts (1916-1917) of the Netherlands Cohort Study, who completed a baseline questionnaire in 1986 (at ages 68-70), and had complete vital status information until 90 years-of-age (2006-2007, n = 7807)...
July 6, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Toyoki Maeda, Takahiko Horiuchi, Naoki Makino
AIM: The telomere length of somatic cells is associated with systemic aging. The attrition of somatic telomere length is accelerated in pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases. However, clinical parameters of cardiac function have not been well studied in this regard. The present study examined how cardiac function was affected by telomere length and the subtelomeric methylation of peripheral leukocytes. METHODS: Telomere length was assessed by Southern blotting analysis of genomic DNA extracted from peripheral leukocytes...
July 5, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Tadatoshi Inoue, Kenji Kamijo, Kenzo Haraguchi, Akihiro Suzuki, Misako Noto, Yuh Yamashita, Takashi Nakamura
AIM: We examined factors related to conditions of life function and falls, including eye movements and gait variability, in community-dwelling older adults in Japan. METHODS: Participants were 82 older adults (21 men, 61 women, mean age 76.1 years). We measured eye movements and gait variability during walking, and cognitive, attentional and life function. We compared two groups according to their fall history, and used a multiple logistic regression analysis to determine its relevance...
June 27, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yu Khun Lee, Hann-Chorng Kuo
AIM: The present study assessed the therapeutic efficacy and safety of mirabegron 25 mg in older patients aged ≥80 years with overactive bladder and multiple comorbidities. METHODS: Patients with overactive bladder were prospectively treated with 25 mg of mirabegron once daily. The patients were divided into a younger group (aged 40-60 years) and an older group (aged ≥80 years), and their underlying comorbidities were recorded. The primary efficacy end-point was the change in symptom score from baseline to the third month...
June 21, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Jarlath C Bolger, Akif Zaidi, Adrian Fuentes-Bonachera, Michael E Kelly, Aqeel Abbas, Ailin Rogers, Tom McCormack, Brian Waldron, Kevin P Murray
AIM: The Western world has an expanding older population, who are living longer with increasing numbers of comorbidities. In addition, expectations of patients and relatives are increasing. As a general hospital operating in a rural setting, our University Hospital Kerry, Tralee, Ireland, deals with a significant number of emergency presentations to the acute surgical service. The aim of the present study was to examine outcomes for patients in the extremes of age who present requiring emergency surgical procedures...
June 13, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Daniel J Goble, Harsimran S Baweja
AIM: Postural sway measured using force plate technology is a known risk factor for falls in older adults, but is currently underutilized due to the high cost and lack of portability issues associated with most force plate systems. The Balance Tracking System (BTrackS) is a new force plate that alleviates these barriers and has potential for widespread use. The present study provides important normative data for the BTrackS Balance Test of postural sway that improves its translational value to the field of gerontology...
June 13, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Jesús Díez-Manglano, José-María Mostaza, Antonio Pose, Francesc Formiga, José-María Cepeda, Alejandra Gullón, Miguel Camafort, Jesús Castiella, Eduardo Rovira, Estíbaliz Jarauta, Carmen Suárez
AIM: To determine the factors associated with discontinuing or not starting oral anticoagulation (OA) therapy in older patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). METHODS: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was carried out of patients aged >75 years with NVAF hospitalized in internal medicine departments in Spain. For each patient, we recorded creatinine, hemoglobin and platelets levels, as well as CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores and the Charlson Comorbidity Index...
June 13, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Eiji Kose, Toshiyuki Hirai, Toshiichi Seki
AIM: The association between anticholinergic drug use and aspiration pneumonia (AP) based on the Anticholinergic Risk Scale (ARS) or clinical study reports on AP risks using the ARS are unclear in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish whether anticholinergic load affects AP, and to clarify the risk based on the ARS score among geriatric patients in the convalescing stage. METHODS: This retrospective longitudinal cohort study included consecutive geriatric patients admitted and discharged from convalescent rehabilitation wards between 2010 and 2016...
June 1, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Shino Suma, Yutaka Watanabe, Hirohiko Hirano, Ai Kimura, Ayako Edahiro, Shuichi Awata, Yoshihisa Yamashita, Kenji Matsushita, Hidenori Arai, Takashi Sakurai
AIM: Appetite loss has been associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Among older people, decreased appetite can result in poor nutrition and subsequent loss of independent living. We examined the factors related to appetite loss in persons with AD and MCI to provide evidence for countermeasures to prevent appetite loss and progression of cognitive impairment. METHODS: We included 1238 older adults undergoing outpatient treatment at the Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders (Medical Center for Dementia) at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology in Obu, Japan...
May 29, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Petja Lyn Langholz, Bjørn Heine Strand, Sarah Cook, Laila A Hopstock
AIM: There is a lack of studies on the prevalence of frailty, and the association between frailty and mortality in a Norwegian general population. Findings regarding sex differences in the association between frailty and mortality have been inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the frailty phenotype and all-cause mortality in men and women in a Norwegian cohort study. METHODS: We followed 712 participants (52% women) aged ≥70 years participating in the population-based Tromsø 5 Study in 2001-2002 for all-cause mortality up to 2016...
May 29, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Kyue-Nam Park, Si-Hyun Kim
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of knee taping on perceived pain, difficulty and stability during functional activities (squat, step-down, and stair up and down) in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A total of 50 older participants with knee OA participated in this study. The experimental group received non-elastic taping (NET) and the control group received sham taping. Perceived knee pain on an 11-point scale (0 = no pain, 10 = worst pain), and difficulty (1 = no difficulty, 5 = extreme difficulty) and stability (1 = no unstable, 5 = extreme unstable) on a 5-point scale during functional tests (squat, step-down test, and stair up and down) were reported at baseline and post-taping application...
May 29, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Lais L Delfino, Ricardo S Komatsu, Caroline Komatsu, Anita L Neri, Meire Cachioni
AIM: To determine the direct and indirect relationships of sociodemographic, emotional and behavioral characteristics of family caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients who have neuropsychiatric symptoms. METHODS: A total of 134 family caregivers answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic data, and questions regarding the context of care, Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Zarit Burden Interview, Dementia Management Strategies Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory...
May 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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