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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Gabrielli T de Mello, Kelly S da Silva, Bruno Gg da Costa, Adriano F Borgatto
AIM: The aim of the present study was to describe the clustering of diet, physical activity, television viewing, and tobacco and alcohol use among Brazilian older adults (aged ≥60 years). METHODS: We carried out a secondary analysis of the Brazilian National Health Survey of 2013. Brazilian older adults (n = 11 177) reported their consumption of fruit and vegetables, leisure physical activity, television viewing, tobacco smoking, and alcohol intake. Latent class analysis was used to identify behavior patterns...
January 11, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ichiro Fujishima, Masako Fujiu-Kurachi, Hidenori Arai, Masamitsu Hyodo, Hitoshi Kagaya, Keisuke Maeda, Takashi Mori, Shinta Nishioka, Fumiko Oshima, Sumito Ogawa, Koichiro Ueda, Toshiro Umezaki, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Masanaga Yamawaki, Yoshihiro Yoshimura
This report was written by the Japanese Society of Dysphagia Rehabilitation, the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition, the Japanese Association on Sarcopenia and Frailty, and the Society of Swallowing and Dysphagia of Japan to consolidate the currently available evidence on the topics of sarcopenia and dysphagia. Histologically, the swallowing muscles are of different embryological origin from somatic muscles, and receive constant input stimulation from the respiratory center. Although the swallowing muscles are striated, their characteristics are different from those of skeletal muscles...
January 9, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Fang-Hua Jhang
AIM: The present study assessed the effect of family social capital on self-rated health and family life satisfaction among older adults aged ≥50 years. METHODS: A logistic regression model was used to analyze the longitudinal data of 1243 older adults from the Panel Study of Family Dynamics in Taiwan. RESULTS: The findings show that, compared with having a poor relationship with parents, respondents who were getting along with their parents have a higher likelihood of reporting good health...
January 9, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hitoshi Komiya, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atsushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The prevalence of constipation and prevalence of pollakisuria among older patients receiving home medical care have not been reported, and risk factors for these symptoms are not clear in this setting. The present study sought to determine the prevalence and risk factors of constipation and pollakisuria among older patients receiving home medical care in Japan. METHODS: This study utilized data from patients in the Observational Study of Nagoya Elderly with Home Medical Care (n = 153)...
January 9, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Valentin Kouyoumdjian, Elise Perceau-Chambard, Corinne Sisoix, Marilène Filbet, Colombe Tricou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to find out physicians' perceptions about the transfer of dying nursing home residents to emergency departments. METHOD: This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews, and data were analyzed using qualitative methods. Participants were medical directors of nursing homes who were informed by e-mail and included when they agreed to take part in our study. RESULTS: We interviewed 12 medical directors until data saturation...
January 8, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hojun Lee, In-Gyu Kim, Changsu Sung, Tae-Bong Jeon, Kibum Cho, Yong-Chan Ha, Ki-Soo Park, Jun-Il Yoo, Gyeong Hui Kang, Su Jin Kim, Ji-Seok Kim
AIM: We investigated whether exercise-mediated acquisition of muscle mass and strength would occur in a concurrent manner in older adults. METHODS: A total of 152 community-dwelling older adults (young-old aged 65-74 years, old-old aged >75 years) were allocated into either 8-week comprehensive exercise training or the control group. Participants (n = 136) completed all pre- and post-intervention testing visits (young-old n = 73, old-old n = 63)...
January 8, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yuto Goto, Yohei Otaka, Ken Suzuki, Seigo Inoue, Kunitsugu Kondo, Eiji Shimizu
AIM: To elucidate the incidences and circumstances of falls and fall-related injuries, and to explore the physical characteristics of community-dwelling ambulatory stroke survivors who experienced falls. METHODS: A total of 144 community-dwelling ambulatory survivors of hemiparetic stroke (mean age 68.0 years [SD 10.4 years]) who were undergoing rehabilitation in an adult daycare center participated in this prospective study. The mean duration from stroke onset was 5...
January 8, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yoko Matsuda, Mitsuyo Itabashi, Yasuko Tachibana, Takahiko Sugihara, Yasuhiro Sakashita, Tomoyasu Matsubara, Shigeo Murayama, Wako Yumura, Akira Shimizu, Takashi Takei, Tomio Arai
AIM: Neutrophil extracellular traps play key roles in the necrotizing vasculitis associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, the relationships between neutrophil extracellular traps formation and the distribution and phase of vasculitis are not well understood. In the present study, we clarified the clinicopathological characteristics of older AAV patients, as well as the expression of citrullinated histone H3 (citH3), a marker of neutrophil extracellular traps, in autopsied AAV patients...
January 8, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Huijin Lau, Suzana Shahar, Norlela Hussin, Mohd Za Kamarudin, Tengku At Hamid, Siti Z-Ms Mukari, Nor F Rajab, Normah C Din, Azahadi Omar, Devinder Ka Singh, Hasnah Haron, Razinah Sharif, Hanis M Yahya, Arimi Fitri, Zahara A Manaf, Zainora Mohammed, Wan S Ishak
AIM: The 36-month Long-Term Research Grant Scheme project: Towards Usual Aging - Neuroprotective Model for Healthy Longevity among Malaysian Elderly was designed to address multidimensional aspects including psychosocial, biophysical health, nutrition and dietary pattern, and auditory and visual function to highlight the magnitude of these associations in a single study. METHODS: A total of 2322 respondents aged ≥60 years were recruited at baseline using the multistage sampling method, followed up at 18 months and 36 months...
January 7, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ayumi Kaji, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Yukiko Kobayashi, Ryosuke Sakai, Takuro Okamura, Akane Miki, Masahide Hamaguchi, Masashi Kuwahata, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
AIM: Death as a result of pneumonia is an important issue in patients with diabetes. Tongue pressure is associated with swallowing function, which has a close association with aspiration pneumonia. However, no previous studies have shown the association between sarcopenia and tongue pressure in older patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, we investigated body composition, handgrip strength and tongue pressure. Skeletal muscle mass index (kg/m2 ) was defined as appendicular muscle mass / the square of the height...
December 25, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Mingguang Ren, Weidong Liang, Zhiyu Wu, Hongmei Zhao, Jingwei Wang
AIM: As we are experiencing the progressive aging of our population, risk management of geriatric orthopedic patients is extremely important. The present study was carried out to identify independent predictors of surgical site infection and to better define the threshold value of serum albumin on postoperative wound infection in older patients. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study was carried out from January 2015 to June in 2017. A total of 3378 older patients (aged ≥60 years) were enrolled...
December 25, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hyuma Makizako, Takuro Kubozono, Ryoji Kiyama, Toshihiro Takenaka, So Kuwahata, Takayuki Tabira, Tsutomu Kanoya, Kouko Horinouchi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Mitsuru Ohishi
AIM: The present cross-sectional study examined the associations of social frailty status with loss of muscle mass and weakness among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Data from 353 older adults (74.8% women) who had participated in a community-based health check survey (Tarumizu Study) were analyzed. Social frailty was defined using responses to five questions (going out less frequently, rarely visiting friends, feeling unhelpful to friends or family, living alone and not talking with someone every day)...
December 21, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Carlos Lahoz, Juan Cardenas, Miguel Á Salinero-Fort, José M Mostaza
AIMS: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in nonagenarians living in the Community of Madrid, their clinical features, the use of anticoagulant therapy and factors associated with its use. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 59 423 individuals aged ≥90 years, living in the Community of Madrid on 31 December 2015. Clinical information was obtained from a database that includes information from electronic medical records collected by 3881 general practitioners in primary care...
December 18, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yusuke Adachi, Kenji Toyoshima, Rumi Nishimoto, Satoko Ueno, Takayuki Tanaka, Akira Imaizumi, Naoko Arashida, Marie Nakamura, Yasuko Abe, Tomomi Hakamada, Eiji Kaneko, Soichiro Takahashi, Hiroko Jinzu, Kentaro Shimokado
AIM: To examine the association between depressive symptoms and plasma amino acid related metaboli in older adults. METHODS: A total of 152 older adults aged ≥65 years, residing in Niigata, Japan, were used for analysis. We evaluated depressive symptoms using the Geriatric Depression Scale-15, which has been validated in older community-dwelling individuals, and used a cut off score of ≥5 to classify participants as having depressive symptoms. We used high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry to measure the concentrations of plasma amino acid-related metabolites, and carried out logistic regression analysis to assess the association between depressive symptoms and plasma amino acid-related metabolites...
December 18, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Alberto Montesanto, Daniela Pellegrino, Silvana Geracitano, Daniele La Russa, Vincenzo Mari, Sabrina Garasto, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Andrea Corsonello, Giuseppe Passarino
AIM: Centenarians represent a biological model of successful aging because they escaped/postponed most invalidating age-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether a favorable cardiovascular risk profile increases the survival chances in long-lived people. METHODS: A total of 355 community-dwelling nonagenarians and centenarians living in Southern Italy were recruited in the study. Patients were classified as at low and high cardiovascular risk on the basis of serum cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension and smoking status...
December 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Mariko Sakka, Jun Goto, Sachiko Kita, Iori Sato, Takafumi Soejima, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
AIM: The present study aimed to examine the associations among behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) of persons with dementia (PWD), care burden and family-to-work conflict (FWC) of employed family caregivers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out with employed adult daughter or son (or in-law) caregivers for PWD from two rural cities in Japan. FWC, care burden and the degree of BPSD were evaluated by the Survey Work-Home Interaction-NijmeGen, Zarit Burden Scale-Short Version and Dementia Behavior Disturbance Scale, respectively...
December 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Seong-Eun Byun, Hyun-Chul Shon, Ji Wan Kim, Hyung Kyung Kim, Youngsuk Sim
AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the risk factors and prognostic implications of aspiration pneumonia in older hip fracture patients. METHODS: A total of 394 female and 125 male hip fracture patients aged ≥60 years who underwent surgery between 2015 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. To identify risk factors of aspiration pneumonia, demographic factors, the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, past medical history, known risk factors of aspiration and factors associated with surgery were compared between the aspiration pneumonia group and the control group...
December 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Naoki Tomita, Taro Kojima, Aiko Ishiki, Juri Ueda, Muneo Numasaki, Shoji Okinaga, Masahiro Akishita, Hiroyuki Arai
AIM: The use of problem lists is encouraged to overcome the inconsistency in reporting comprehensive geriatric assessment results. The present study aimed to identify the latent variables influencing the use of geriatrician problem lists. METHODS: Surveys were sent to all geriatricians registered with the Japan Geriatrics Society (n = 1439) as of November 2015, and responses (n = 204) were analyzed with univariate and exploratory factor analyses. To account for active, inactive and tentative items, the survey addressed "disease," "symptom" and "condition" separately...
December 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Shingo Noguchi, Kazuhiro Yatera, Keisuke Naito, Ryosuke Hata, Toshinori Kawanami, Kei Yamasaki, Tatsuji Kato, Takeshi Orihashi, Naoyuki Inoue, Noriho Sakamoto, Chiharu Yoshii, Hiroshi Mukae
AIM: To clarify the utility of sepsis evaluation using the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) tool in addition to the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI); age, dehydration, respiration, orientation and blood pressure (A-DROP) index; and immunodeficiency, respiration, orientation, age and dehydration (I-ROAD) scoring systems, and risk factor evaluation of potentially drug-resistant (PDR) pathogens are suggested in the 2017 guidelines for pneumonia of the Japanese Respiratory Society in nursing- and healthcare-associated pneumonia patients...
December 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Kenji Fujita, Kazuki Kushida, Rebekah J Moles, Timothy F Chen
AIM: In Japan, home pharmaceutical care (HPC) has recently been provided to home-bound older adults who have difficulties in accessing a community pharmacy, for regular medicine supplies and medication management. Although the number of HPC services provided has increased, HPC is not always carried out by clinically well-trained pharmacists, causing differences in the quality of HPC provided. The aim of the present study was to establish the quality dimensions of HPC (i.e. components that impact the quality of HPC) from the perspectives of home healthcare professionals...
December 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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