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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786554/factors-associated-with-polypharmacy-in-elderly-home-care-patients
#1
Hitoshi Komiya, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atsushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: Polypharmacy, which is often observed in elderly patients, has been associated with several unfavorable outcomes, including an increased risk of potentially inappropriate medications, medication non-adherence, drug duplication, drug-drug interactions, higher healthcare costs and adverse drug reactions. A significant association between polypharmacy and adverse outcomes among older people living in the community has also been confirmed. A reduction in the number of medications should thus be pursued for many older individuals...
August 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786517/association-of-physical-activity-with-a-systolic-blood-pressure-difference-between-arms-in-older-people
#2
Koichi Sato, Tomonori Sugiura, Nobuyuki Ohte, Yasuaki Dohi
AIM: A increase in interarm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD) is believed to lead to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and to be a predictor of future cardiovascular events. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that an increased IASBPD is associated with reduced physical activity in older people. METHODS: Older people who used a geriatric health services facility (n = 147, mean age 83.3 years) were enrolled. The prevalence of IASBPD in individuals with different levels of physical activity and factors that have a crucial effect on IASBPD were investigated...
August 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782162/markers-of-nutritional-status-and-mortality-in-older-adults-the-role-of-anemia-and-hypoalbuminemia
#3
Ligiana Pires Corona, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
AIM: The aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of anemia and hypoalbuminemia on mortality in a 5-year period. METHODS: This was longitudinal population-based observational survey part of the Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento study (Health, Well-being and Aging), carried out with 1256 older adults from the third wave of the cohort, followed for 5 years, when they were contacted for the fourth wave, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Anemia was defined when hemoglobin was <12 g/dL for women and <13 g/dL for men, and hypoalbuminemia when serum albumin was <3...
August 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776926/interdependence-of-physical-inactivity-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-low-dietary-intake-extrapulmonary-manifestations-in-older-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#4
Kazuya Yoshimura, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Minoru Yamada, Koichi Hasegawa, Hirofumi Kiyokawa, Michiaki Mishima, Tomoki Aoyama
AIM: Extrapulmonary manifestations, such as reductions in skeletal muscle and physical inactivity, are important clinical features of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and might depend on the severity of COPD. As it is still unclear whether the relationship between muscle loss and physical inactivity is dominated by a disease-specific relationship or caused by patient factors, including physiological aging, we aimed to investigate the pulmonary or extrapulmonary factors associated with physical inactivity among older COPD patients...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776918/depression-among-older-people-in-sri-lanka-with-special-reference-to-ethnicity
#5
Amartuvshin Khaltar, Neelawala Gw Priyadarshani, Nisansala Y Delpitiya, Chandrika Jayasinghe, Ananda Jayasinghe, Asuna Arai, Hiko Tamashiro
AIM: To ascertain if the factors associated with depression differ among ethnic groups in community-dwelling older people in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out of people aged ≥60 years living in a single divisional secretariat of Kandy District. The participants were asked about ethnicity (Sinhalese, Tamil and Muslim), sociodemographic characteristics and depression status by face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776917/comprehensive-risk-management-for-the-prevention-of-cerebro-cardiovascular-diseases-in-japan
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776910/antiglycation-and-anti-oxidant-efficiency-of-carnosine-in-the-plasma-and-liver-of-aged-rats
#7
İlknur Bingül, Zülbiye Yılmaz, A Fatih Aydın, Jale Çoban, Semra Doğru-Abbasoğlu, Müjdat Uysal
AIM: Increases in oxidative stress and advanced glycation end-products (AGE) formation play an important role in the pathogenesis of aging. Carnosine (CAR; β-alanyl-L-histidine) has anti-oxidant and antiglycating properties. We investigated the effect of CAR supplementation on AGE levels, and protein and lipid oxidation products in the serum and liver tissue in aged rats. METHODS: Young (3 months-of-age) and aged (20 months-of-age) rats were injected with CAR (250 mg/kg/daily; i...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776906/association-of-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-with-immediate-memory-and-other-cognitive-functions
#8
Lumine Matsumoto, Kazushi Suzuki, Yoshiko Mizuno, Yumiko Ohike, Atsuko Ozeki, Satoshi Ono, Mikio Takanashi, Daigo Sawaki, Toru Suzuki, Tsutomu Yamazaki, Shoji Tsuji, Atsushi Iwata
AIM: To clarify whether carotid atherosclerosis and its risk factors are associated with cognitive decline. METHODS: We evaluated 206 individuals who visited our center for health screening. We carried out physical examinations, blood tests, intima-media thickness (IMT) measurement by carotid ultrasonography, brain magnetic resonance imaging scanning and cognitive function assessments. A total of 30 individuals, who had significant cerebrovascular lesions detected in magnetic resonance imaging scans, were excluded...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776904/association-of-care-recipients-care-need-level-with-family-caregiver-participation-in-health-check-ups-in-japan
#9
Takehiro Sugiyama, Nanako Tamiya, Taeko Watanabe, Tomoko Wakui, Taiga Shibayama, Yoko Moriyama, Yui Yamaoka, Haruko Noguchi
AIM: The public mandatory long-term care insurance system in Japan has supposedly mitigated the care burden for family caregivers of older adults, whereas family caregivers still play a considerable role in providing care. The effect of informal caregiving on the caregiver's health has been of great interest. We investigated the relationship between the amplitude of informal caregiving and caregiver participation in health check-ups in Japan. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data in Japan (2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions)...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776901/relating-factors-to-severe-injury-from-outdoor-falls-in-older-people
#10
Hey Youn Jung, Sun Hyu Kim, Sang Cheal Lee, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Min Joung Kim, Ji Sook Lee, Chul Han
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, including floor characteristics and factors, related to severe injury from outdoor falls in older adults. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups based on injury severity: the severe group and non-severe group. The clinical and general characteristics were compared between the two groups, and factors associated with severe injury were investigated. RESULTS: Approximately 5% (364/7635) of older people involved in outdoor falls were classified into severe injury...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776897/relationship-between-cortisol-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-and-declarative-memory-decline-during-aging-impact-of-age-and-sex
#11
Aline Talita Dos Santos, Dayse Maria D Leyendecker, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa, Juliana Nery de Souza-Talarico
AIM: To analyze the relationship between memory performance and the neuroendocrine and cardiovascular response to acute psychosocial stress in healthy older people, and the sex and age impact in this relationship. METHODS: We randomly selected 100 literate older adults, without cognitive or functional impairment. The neuroendocrine stress response was evaluated by measuring the concentration of salivary cortisol, whereas cardiovascular reactions were determined based on blood pressure and heart rate measures taken before, during and after participant exposure to an acute psychosocial stressor ( the Trier social stress test [TSST])...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776893/preoperative-medication-use-and-its-association-with-postoperative-length-of-hospital-stay-in-surgical-oncology-patients-receiving-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#12
Young Mi Jeong, Kyung Eun Lee, Eun Sook Lee, Kwang Ill Kim, Jee Eun Chung, Byung Koo Lee, Hye Sun Gwak
AIM: The present study aimed to investigate whether preoperative medication use is associated with postoperative length of hospital stay in older adults undergoing cancer surgery. METHODS: Patients aged ≥65 years who were scheduled for cancer surgery and presented for preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessment were included in the present study. Cognitive function evaluation and preoperative medication review were carried out, as well as baseline characteristics of participants collected from electronic medical records...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771952/prevalence-and-determinants-of-frailty-and-associated-comorbidities-among-older-gurkha-welfare-pensioners-in-nepal
#13
Sirjana Devkota, Bruce Anderson, Roy L Soiza, Phyo K Myint
AIM: Population aging is increasing in low-income countries. Despite this, there is distinct lack of knowledge about the prevalence of comorbidities and determinants of frailty among older people in these countries. METHODS: We examined data from "Health and Social Care Needs Assessment Survey of the Gurkha Welfare Pensioners" carried out in 2014. Participants were aged ≥60 years from the Gorakha, Lamjung and Tanahu districts of Nepal. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using validated questionnaires...
August 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762628/prognostic-value-of-physical-function-tests-and-muscle-mass-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Rubén Hernández-Luis, Esther Martín-Ponce, María Monereo-Muñoz, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Silvia Odeh-Santana, Emilio González-Reimers, Francisco Santolaria
AIM: To determine the prognostic value for mortality of physical function tests, muscle mass loss, disability and frailty in elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: We prospectively included 298 hospitalized patients aged >60 years (152 men and 146 women). We assessed comorbidity using the Charlson Comorbidity Index; nutrition by body mass index, midarm muscle area and subjective nutritional score; physical muscle function by handgrip strength, gait speed, standing balance and stand up test; disability using the Barthel test and activities of daily living; frailty by the clinical frailty scale and Fried frailty index; and cognitive impairment by the Pfeiffer test...
August 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762614/distance-to-screening-site-and-older-adults-participation-in-cognitive-impairment-screening
#15
Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Hiroyuki Shimada, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Yuya Anan, Kenji Harada, Takao Suzuki
AIM: To develop intervention strategies that promote screening for cognitive impairment, it is essential to identify the modifiable predictors for participation in screening. The present study aimed to examine whether a shorter distance to the screening site predicted participation in screening for cognitive impairment, and whether interactive effects of the distance and psychological factors on the participation would be observed among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The study used a prospective design...
August 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762596/effectiveness-of-home-based-exercise-in-older-patients-with-advanced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-3-year-cohort-study
#16
Ritsuko Wakabayashi, Yuji Kusunoki, Kumiko Hattori, Takashi Motegi, Ryuko Furutate, Aki Itoh, Rupert Cm Jones, Michael E Hyland, Kozui Kida
AIM: To determine whether home-based exercise can improve clinical outcomes in older patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease using long-term oxygen therapy. METHODS: Information was provided to improve chronic obstructive pulmonary disease self-management before the onset of the present prospective 3-year cohort study. Patients selected either home-based exercise using a lower-limb cycle machine (ergo-bicycle; group E), or usual exercise (group U)...
August 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753242/investigation-of-pain-and-life-satisfaction-in-older-adults
#17
Senay Karadag Arli, Ayse Berivan Bakan, Ela Varol, Gulpinar Aslan
AIM: The present study aimed to investigate pain and life satisfaction in older adults. METHODS: This study, which is descriptive in nature, utilized the relational screening model. It was carried out between September 2016 and March 2017, with 387 people aged ≥65 years who were registered in Family Health Centers in Ağrı, a city located in eastern Turkey. RESULTS: The participants' mean Geriatric Pain Measure score was 53.23 ± 29...
July 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753239/family-relations-sense-of-coherence-happiness-and-perceived-health-in-retired-taiwanese-analysis-of-a-conceptual-model
#18
Hui-Hsun Chiang, Tony Szu-Hsien Lee
AIM: A growing awareness of the rapidly increasing aged population in the world has led to growing attention to mental health in late life. Happiness has been emphasized as an important indicator of physical health and is predicted by a sense of coherence. However, the mechanism of influence of family relations on sense of coherence, happiness and perceived health is unknown. The present study aimed to analyze a conceptual model of the relationships among family relations, sense of coherence, happiness and perceived health in retired persons...
July 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753227/determinants-of-influenza-vaccination-in-older-adults-a-nationwide-community-based-study-in-taiwan
#19
Chang-Hua Chen, Ming-Shiang Wu, Wen-Yu Hsu, Yu-Min Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Chao A Hsiung, I-Chien Wu
AIMS: Influenza vaccination (InVa) is an effective measure for preventing influenza infection, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in older adults. However, the determinants of InVa remain unclear. METHODS: The present study included 4756 adults aged 55 years and older who completed the baseline examination of the Healthy Aging Longitudinal Study in Taiwan. During the examination, each participant received assessments of InVa status. Comprehensive assessments of sociodemographic (age, sex, education level, marital status, living alone and occupation) and health-related factors (chronic diseases, smoking status, alcohol intake, physical activities, cognitive status and physical performance) were also carried out...
July 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744971/predicted-factors-for-older-taiwanese-to-be-healthy-octogenarians-results-of-an-18-year-national-cohort-study
#20
Wei-Chung Hsu, Alan C Tsai, Yu-Chia Chen, Jiun-Yi Wang
AIM: To identify factors that predict the 62-69 years old Taiwanese to be healthy octogenarians. METHODS: We analyzed the 1989 (baseline), and 2003 and 2007 (end-point) datasets of the Taiwan Longitudinal Survey on Aging, a national cohort study. A total of 1977 participants aged 62-69 years at baseline were tracked for 14-18 years. The outcome measure was "being healthy octogenarians", defined as participants who were aged ≥80 years, free from activities of daily living dependency, depressive symptoms or cognitive impairment, and able to provide social support...
July 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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