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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Kumi Watanabe, Emiko Tanaka, Taeko Watanabe, Wencan Chen, Bailiang Wu, Sumio Ito, Rika Okumura, Tokie Anme
AIM: Previous studies have shown that social relationships positively contribute to the functioning of older adults. However, the particular aspects of social relationships that are most predictive remain unknown. Consequently, the current study aimed to clarify what elements of social relationships impacted the maintenance of functioning among older adults. METHODS: The present study used baseline data collected in 2011, and follow-up surveys were carried out 3 years later...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
G Blair Sarbacker, David V Espino, Robert C Wood, Sandra L Oakes, Dheeraj Anand, Kyriakos A Markides
AIM: Studies examining the association between mortality and anticholinergic burden in the geriatric population are conflicting and are absent in the Mexican American population. The present study aimed to determine whether higher anticholinergic burden increases mortality in a cohort representative of community-based older Mexican Americans in the USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort database study used the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly cohort...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Sarah M Szymkowicz, Molly E McLaren, Andrew O'Shea, Adam J Woods, Stephen D Anton, Vonetta M Dotson
AIM: Major depression is associated with hippocampal volume changes, especially in late-life depression. These changes usually consist of volume reductions, but depression-related increases in hippocampal volume have also been reported. Subfield analysis has identified structural changes primarily in the cornu ammonis (CA) 1, CA2-3 and subiculum of the hippocampus in individuals with major depression; however, it is unclear whether lower levels of depressive symptoms are also associated volume reduction, or if depressive symptoms interact with age to impact hippocampal subfields...
October 2, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Anna Mulasso, Mattia Roppolo, Robbert J Gobbens, Emanuela Rabaglietti
AIM: The present study aimed, first, to compare the ability to predict falls over 12 months for three measures - mobility, balance and frailty. Second, among the three domains of frailty - physical, psychological and social - we investigated what is the strongest predictor of falls. METHODS: A total of 192 community-dwelling older adults (age 73.0 ± 6.2 years; 62% women) were involved in this longitudinal study. The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, One Leg Standing (OLS) test and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) were respectively used to measure mobility, balance and frailty...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Michael J Annear, Junko Otani, Jing Li
AIM: Dementia prevalence is accelerating internationally commensurate with population aging. Super-aging countries, including Japan, will experience growing prevalence of this life-limiting condition in the coming decades as a result of falling fertility and mortality. The authors developed and verified a Japanese translation of the Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKAS-J) to address the paucity of reliable and valid Japanese-language measures, and to elucidate current understanding...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Koichi Shibata, Yoshiko Nishimura, Kuniaki Otsuka, Hiroshi Sakura
AIM: We investigated the characteristics of elderly medical patients with white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: A total of 213 patients (123 men and 90 women; mean age 74.8 years) reported their history of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, previous stroke, coronary heart disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). All patients completed the Mini-Mental State Examination and Geriatric Depression Scale. White matter hyperintensities were evaluated for the periventricular region, basal ganglia (BGH), deep white matter and infratentorial region, and brain atrophy was calculated as bicaudate ratios...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Ning Peng, Chih-Kuang Liang, Shu-Ti Chiou, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: There is a complex interrelationship between long sleep duration, frailty, chronic inflammation and mortality among the community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population, which remains unclear and deserves to be investigated. The current study intended to explore these associations by using a prospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: A total of 937 community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people were enrolled. Sleep patterns of the study participants were categorized as short (<6 h), average or long (≥8 h)...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Kazuhiro Harada, Seongryu Bae, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Hyuntae Park, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between kidney function with concomitant diabetes or hypertension and frailty in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. METHODS: The participants were 9606 residents (community-dwelling Japanese older adults) who completed baseline assessments. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (mL/min/1.73 m(2) ) was determined according to the serum creatinine level, and participants were classified into four mutually exclusive categories: ≥60...
September 27, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
DaeHyun Kim, Hidenori Arai, SungHi Kim
AIM: Social activity seems to be important for the prevention of cognitive impairment and frailty. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether social activities are associated with the development of cognitive impairment in Korean older people. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Korean National Longitudinal Study on Aging. A total of 2495 Korean community-dwelling older adults (1163 men and 1332 women) aged between 65 and 79 years at the first wave of the Korean National Longitudinal Study on Aging were used for analysis...
September 26, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Amihai Rottenstreich, Geffen Kleinstern, Allan I Bloom, Alexander Klimov, Yosef Kalish
AIM: The utilization of inferior vena cava filter placement for pulmonary embolism prevention in elderly patients has not been well characterized. The present study aimed to review indications, complications and follow-up data of elderly patients undergoing inferior vena cava filter placement. METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out of consecutive admitted patients who underwent inferior vena cava filter insertion at a large university hospital with a level I trauma center...
September 20, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yaara Leibovici-Weissman, Alaa Atamna, Agata Schlesinger, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Jihad Bishara, Dafna Yahav
AIM: Most cases of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) occur in patients aged 65 years and older. Older age is associated with increased mortality. Risk factors for mortality in patients aged 80 years and older are not well recognized. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data including 184 patients aged 80 years and older hospitalized with CDI during 2009-2014. We aimed to delineate risk factors for short- and long-term mortality. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 33...
September 20, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Kirsten Hermans, Joachim Cohen, Nele Spruytte, Chantal Van Audenhove, Anja Declercq
AIM: The aims of the present study were: (i) to describe palliative care needs and symptoms of older adults anticipated to be in the last year of their life in Flemish nursing homes (Belgium); and (ii) to evaluate whether these needs differ between residents with and without dementia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2014. Nurses and nursing assistants in 15 Flemish nursing homes (Belgium) completed the Palliative care Outcome Scale for 109 residents with palliative care needs...
September 16, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kenji Harada, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: Objective measurements of outdoor time are essential to establishing evidence about the health benefits of going outdoors among older adults. To better understanding the health benefits of going outdoors, clarification of potential mediators to connect going outdoors with health benefits is necessary. The present study aimed to investigate associations of objectively-measured outdoor time with older adults' physical and psychological function, and examine the mediating role of physical activity on these associations...
September 16, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Peter Hartley, Kerry Alexander, Jennifer Adamson, Carol Cunningham, Georgina Embleton, Roman Romero-Ortuno
AIM: Impaired cognition is common among older patients admitted to acute hospitals, but its association with functional trajectories has not been well studied. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out in an English tertiary university hospital. We analyzed all first episodes of county residents aged ≥75 years admitted to the Department of Medicine for the Elderly wards between December 2014 and May 2015. A history of dementia or a cognitive concern in the absence of a known diagnosis of dementia were recorded on admission...
September 16, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Francesca Gallè, Valeria Di Onofrio, Vincenzo Romano Spica, Roberto Mastronuzzi, Pio Russo Krauss, Patrizia Belfiore, Pasqualina Buono, Giorgio Liguori
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a physical activity promotion intervention in community-dwelling older adults based on a free program of exercise adapted for older adults aged ≥60 years managed by trainees from the Movement Sciences degree course. METHODS: A total of 160 adults aged 60-82 years were randomly allocated into the intervention and control group. The exercise program consisted of 1-h sessions carried out twice a week for a year. Control participants received recommendations about an active lifestyle from their physicians...
September 15, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hirotoshi Niikawa, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Kae Ito, Chiaki Ura, Fumiko Miyamae, Naoko Sakuma, Mutsuo Ijuin, Hiroki Inagaki, Mika Sugiyama, Shuichi Awata
AIM: Polypharmacy is a serious medical problem among older adults. Polypharmacy can cause adverse drug reactions and is associated with frailty. Several drugs, particularly psychotropic medications, can cause cognitive impairment. Recent research also suggests that polypharmacy can cause cognitive impairment. We investigated the prevalence of polypharmacy, and examined the association between polypharmacy and cognitive impairment in a large sample of community-dwelling older adults in Japan...
September 15, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ning Wei, Marco Yc Pang, Shamay Sm Ng, Gabriel Yf Ng
AIM: To determine the optimal combination of frequency and exposure time of a whole-body vibration (WBV) training program for improving muscle performance of older people with age-related muscle loss. METHODS: A total of 80 community-dwelling older adults with age-related muscle loss were randomly divided into four equal groups, namely, low-frequency long duration (20 Hz × 720 s), medium-frequency medium duration (40 Hz × 360 s), high-frequency short duration (60 Hz × 240 s) and control (no training) for 12-week WBV training and 12-week follow up...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Nozomi Hishikawa, Yusuke Fukui, Kota Sato, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
AIM: The coexistence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease pathology increases age-dependently. We comprehensively analyzed the clinical effects of galantamine or cilostazol monotherapy to the add-on combination therapy on three major factors of dementia, such as cognitive, affective and activities of daily living functions in AD patients with asymptomatic lacunar infarction. METHODS: We divided 101 AD patients with asymptomatic lacunar infarction into two subgroups: group A (n = 61, first treated with galantamine and then cilostazol added) and group B (n = 40, first treated with cilostazol and galantamine added)...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yen-Ping Hsieh, Ying-Chia Huang, Shou-Jen Lan, Ching-Sung Ho
AIM: To investigate the relationships between demographic characteristics of the elderly, type of long-term care (LTC) facilities, and the reasons for moving into LTC facilities. METHODS: Research participants included people aged over 65 years, living in LTC facilities. A total of 1280 questionnaires were distributed to 111 LTC facilities in Taiwan; 480 questionnaires were retrieved, and 232 were included in the valid sample. The study used a non-linear canonical correlation analysis, which assesses the relationships among similar sets of categorical variables...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Koutatsu Nagai, Minoru Yamada, Miyuki Komatsu, Akira Tamaki, Mizuki Kanai, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Rui Tsukagoshi, Tadao Tsuboyama
AIM: Little is known about the relationship between near falls and substantial falls in older adults. Clarifying this relationship would be helpful to assess fall risk in greater detail. The purpose of the present study was to clarify whether near falls predict future falls. METHODS: This was designed to be a prospective cohort study. Participants were recruited from a community apartment for older adults. After a baseline physical assessment, participants were asked to record the incidence of near falls in a diary for 3 months...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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