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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910255/dysphagia-is-associated-with-functional-decline-during-acute-care-hospitalization-of-older-patients
#1
Haruyo Matsuo, Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Naoki Ishizaki, Tsuyoshi Ueno
AIM: Physical function is considered to be associated with dysphagia: however, there is little data regarding the association between dysphagia and functional decline during hospitalization among older patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of dysphagia, and the association between dysphagia and functional status during hospitalization in older acute-care patients. METHODS: A total of 103 older patients without present or prior history of diseases that could directly impair swallowing and cause dysphagia (45 men and 58 women; mean age 80...
December 1, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910252/memory-performance-on-the-story-recall-test-and-prediction-of-cognitive-dysfunction-progression-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-dementia
#2
Jong-Hwan Park, Hyuntae Park, Sang Wuk Sohn, Sungjae Kim, Kyung Won Park
AIM: To determine the factors that influence diagnosis and differentiation of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's dementia (AD) by comparing memory test results at baseline with those at 1-2-year follow up. METHODS: We consecutively recruited 23 healthy participants, 44 MCI patients and 27 patients with very mild AD according to the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Diseases and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorder Association criteria for probable Alzheimer's disease and Petersen's clinical diagnostic criteria...
December 1, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869351/social-participation-willingness-and-quality-of-life-a-population-based-study-among-older-adults-in-rural-areas-of-china
#3
Qian He, Yanjie Cui, Ling Liang, Qi Zhong, Jie Li, Yuancheng Li, Xiaofeng Lv, Fen Huang
AIM: The present study aimed to reflect the current situation of social participation in rural areas of China, willingness to participate in social activities, association between health-related quality of life and social participation, and factors related to social participation. METHODS: A total of 2644 rural adults aged 60 years and older were randomly selected and surveyed with a self-rating questionnaire. We used the unified definition of social participation in our study...
November 21, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869346/association-between-dialysis-treatment-and-cognitive-decline-a-study-from-the-project-in-sado-for-total-health-prost-japan
#4
Yumi Watanabe, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sanpei, Minako Wakasugi, Akio Yokoseki, Keiko Kabasawa, Osamu Onodera, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Ryozo Kuwano, Takeshi Momotsu, Ichiei Narita, Naoto Endo
AIM: Evidence for the association between dialysis treatment and cognitive decline is limited. The present study aimed to determine whether dialysis treatment is associated with cognitive decline in adult outpatients of a general hospital in Japan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional substudy of the Project in Sado for Total Health (PROST). Total Health PROST targeted adult outpatients of a general hospital in Sado City, Niigata, Japan. Among 753 patients (mean age 68...
November 21, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868320/predictors-of-rehospitalization-among-older-adults-results-of-the-crime-study
#5
Federica Sganga, Francesco Landi, Stefano Volpato, Antonio Cherubini, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Andrea Corsonello, Paolo Fabbietti, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Ester Manes Gravina, Roberto Bernabei, Graziano Onder
AIM: To assess the predictors of readmission among older adults hospitalized in acute care wards. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out among 921 hospitalized older adults participating in the CRiteria to Assess Appropriate Medication Use among Elderly Complex Patients (CRIME) project. The primary outcome of the study was rehospitalization within 1 year after discharge from acute care hospitals. We assessed the participants with a questionnaire including 350 items about demographic, social and clinical characteristics...
November 21, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860152/n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-is-a-useful-marker-to-identify-latent-heart-failure-patients-in-older-adults-in-a-rural-outpatient-clinic
#6
Kosuke Hamagawa, Toru Kubo, Kotaro Nishimura, Yuichi Baba, Takayoshi Hirota, Naohito Yamasaki, Hiroaki Kitaoka
AIM: Although measurement of natriuretic peptides including N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been recommended for identifying heart failure (HF) patients, the prevalence of elderly patients with latent HF who are attending an outpatient clinic is unknown. METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP levels in 393 patients (aged 75 ± 9 years) in a rural outpatient clinic. Patients with a diagnosis of heart disease were excluded. The patients were divided into two groups by the values of NT-proBNP: high NT-proBNP group (>400 pg/mL) and low NT-proBNP group (≤400 pg/mL) according to Japanese guidelines...
November 17, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860108/cognitive-abilities-predict-death-during-the-next-15%C3%A2-years-in-older-japanese-adults
#7
Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Rei Otsuka, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
AIM: The longitudinal relationship between cognitive abilities and subsequent death was investigated among community-dwelling older Japanese adults. METHODS: Participants (n = 1060; age range 60-79 years) comprised the first-wave participants of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences-Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants' cognitive abilities were measured at baseline using the Japanese Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised Short Form, which includes the following tests: Information (general knowledge), Similarities (logical abstract thinking), Picture Completion (visual perception and long-term visual memory) and Digit Symbol (information processing speed)...
November 17, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862810/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-and-the-longitudinal-progression-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Ping-Song Chou, Meng-Ni Wu, Mei-Chuan Chou, I Chien, Yuan-Han Yang
AIM: The angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism is considered a biologically plausible gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in cross-sectional studies. The present study aimed to investigate the longitudinal effect of ACE I/D polymorphism on AD progression. METHODS: This 3-year observational study investigated the longitudinal effect of ACE I/D polymorphism on AD progression. Clinically diagnosed AD patients with a clinical dementia rating (CDR) of 0...
November 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862784/does-being-assisted-by-care-workers-affect-antipsychotics-prescription-among-older-people-discharged-from-hospital
#9
Mirko Di Rosa, Paolo Fabbietti, Andrea Corsonello, Sergio Fusco, Federica Sganga, Stefano Volpato, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Graziano Onder, Fabrizia Lattanzio
AIM: Several factors can affect antipsychotic prescriptions, among which, caregivers. However, whether being assisted by a care worker might increase the rate of antipsychotic prescriptions at discharge from acute care hospital has not been previously investigated. We aimed to investigate whether being assisted by a care worker is associated with increased use of antipsychotics among older patients discharged from acute care hospitals. METHODS: The present series consisted of 928 patients not taking antipsychotics at admission in seven acute care wards of geriatric medicine in Italy (mean age 80...
November 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726293/association-between-the-older-adults-social-relationships-and-functional-status-in-japan
#10
Kumi Watanabe, Emiko Tanaka, Taeko Watanabe, Wencan Chen, Bailiang Wu, Sumio Ito, Rika Okumura, Tokie Anme
AIM: Previous studies have shown that social relationships positively contribute to the functioning of older adults. However, the particular aspects of social relationships that are most predictive remain unknown. Consequently, the current study aimed to clarify what elements of social relationships impacted the maintenance of functioning among older adults. METHODS: The present study used baseline data collected in 2011, and follow-up surveys were carried out 3 years later...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726265/total-anticholinergic-burden-and-survival-within-a-cohort-of-elderly-mexican-americans
#11
G Blair Sarbacker, David V Espino, Robert C Wood, Sandra L Oakes, Dheeraj Anand, Kyriakos A Markides
AIM: Studies examining the association between mortality and anticholinergic burden in the geriatric population are conflicting and are absent in the Mexican American population. The present study aimed to determine whether higher anticholinergic burden increases mortality in a cohort representative of community-based older Mexican Americans in the USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort database study used the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly cohort...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696657/depressive-symptoms-modify-age-effects-on-hippocampal-subfields-in-older-adults
#12
Sarah M Szymkowicz, Molly E McLaren, Andrew O'Shea, Adam J Woods, Stephen D Anton, Vonetta M Dotson
AIM: Major depression is associated with hippocampal volume changes, especially in late-life depression. These changes usually consist of volume reductions, but depression-related increases in hippocampal volume have also been reported. Subfield analysis has identified structural changes primarily in the cornu ammonis (CA) 1, CA2-3 and subiculum of the hippocampus in individuals with major depression; however, it is unclear whether lower levels of depressive symptoms are also associated volume reduction, or if depressive symptoms interact with age to impact hippocampal subfields...
October 2, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683247/mobility-balance-and-frailty-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-what-is-the-best-1-year-predictor-of-falls
#13
Anna Mulasso, Mattia Roppolo, Robbert J Gobbens, Emanuela Rabaglietti
AIM: The present study aimed, first, to compare the ability to predict falls over 12 months for three measures - mobility, balance and frailty. Second, among the three domains of frailty - physical, psychological and social - we investigated what is the strongest predictor of falls. METHODS: A total of 192 community-dwelling older adults (age 73.0 ± 6.2 years; 62% women) were involved in this longitudinal study. The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, One Leg Standing (OLS) test and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) were respectively used to measure mobility, balance and frailty...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680686/japanese-language-dementia-knowledge-assessment-scale-psychometric-performance-and-health-student-and-professional-understanding
#14
Michael J Annear, Junko Otani, Jing Li
AIM: Dementia prevalence is accelerating internationally commensurate with population aging. Super-aging countries, including Japan, will experience growing prevalence of this life-limiting condition in the coming decades as a result of falling fertility and mortality. The authors developed and verified a Japanese translation of the Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKAS-J) to address the paucity of reliable and valid Japanese-language measures, and to elucidate current understanding...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680506/influence-of-cerebral-white-matter-hyperintensities-on-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-medical-patients
#15
Koichi Shibata, Yoshiko Nishimura, Kuniaki Otsuka, Hiroshi Sakura
AIM: We investigated the characteristics of elderly medical patients with white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: A total of 213 patients (123 men and 90 women; mean age 74.8 years) reported their history of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, previous stroke, coronary heart disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). All patients completed the Mini-Mental State Examination and Geriatric Depression Scale. White matter hyperintensities were evaluated for the periventricular region, basal ganglia (BGH), deep white matter and infratentorial region, and brain atrophy was calculated as bicaudate ratios...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679974/long-sleep-duration-independent-of-frailty-and-chronic-inflammation-was-associated-with-higher-mortality-a-national-population-based-study
#16
Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Ning Peng, Chih-Kuang Liang, Shu-Ti Chiou, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: There is a complex interrelationship between long sleep duration, frailty, chronic inflammation and mortality among the community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population, which remains unclear and deserves to be investigated. The current study intended to explore these associations by using a prospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: A total of 937 community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people were enrolled. Sleep patterns of the study participants were categorized as short (<6 h), average or long (≥8 h)...
September 29, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670391/relationship-between-chronic-kidney-disease-with-diabetes-or-hypertension-and-frailty-in-community-dwelling-japanese-older-adults
#17
Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Kazuhiro Harada, Seongryu Bae, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Hyuntae Park, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between kidney function with concomitant diabetes or hypertension and frailty in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. METHODS: The participants were 9606 residents (community-dwelling Japanese older adults) who completed baseline assessments. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (mL/min/1.73 m(2) ) was determined according to the serum creatinine level, and participants were classified into four mutually exclusive categories: ≥60...
September 27, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667726/social-activities-are-associated-with-cognitive-decline-in-older-koreans
#18
DaeHyun Kim, Hidenori Arai, SungHi Kim
AIM: Social activity seems to be important for the prevention of cognitive impairment and frailty. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether social activities are associated with the development of cognitive impairment in Korean older people. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Korean National Longitudinal Study on Aging. A total of 2495 Korean community-dwelling older adults (1163 men and 1332 women) aged between 65 and 79 years at the first wave of the Korean National Longitudinal Study on Aging were used for analysis...
September 26, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647665/indications-complications-and-outcomes-of-elderly-patients-undergoing-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filter-placement
#19
Amihai Rottenstreich, Geffen Kleinstern, Allan I Bloom, Alexander Klimov, Yosef Kalish
AIM: The utilization of inferior vena cava filter placement for pulmonary embolism prevention in elderly patients has not been well characterized. The present study aimed to review indications, complications and follow-up data of elderly patients undergoing inferior vena cava filter placement. METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out of consecutive admitted patients who underwent inferior vena cava filter insertion at a large university hospital with a level I trauma center...
September 20, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647625/risk-factors-for-short-and-long-term-mortality-in-very-old-patients-with-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-retrospective-study
#20
Yaara Leibovici-Weissman, Alaa Atamna, Agata Schlesinger, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Jihad Bishara, Dafna Yahav
AIM: Most cases of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) occur in patients aged 65 years and older. Older age is associated with increased mortality. Risk factors for mortality in patients aged 80 years and older are not well recognized. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data including 184 patients aged 80 years and older hospitalized with CDI during 2009-2014. We aimed to delineate risk factors for short- and long-term mortality. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 33...
September 20, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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