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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190303/correlates-of-subjective-transportation-deficiency-among-older-adults-attending-outpatient-clinics-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mexico-city
#1
Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Carlos Tonatiuh Medina-Rimoldi, José Alberto Avila-Funes
AIM: Older adults frequently report problems of transportation. Little is known about the correlates of transportation deficiency in Latin America. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the correlates of subjective transportation deficiency (STD) among community-dwelling older adults attending a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 228 participants aged ≥70 years being followed in any of the outpatient clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188974/glycemic-control-and-disability-free-survival-in-hypoglycemic-agent-treated-community-dwelling-older-patients-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Takuro Morita, Tazuo Okuno, Taroh Himeno, Keisuke Watanabe, Kumie Nakajima, Yumi Koizumi, Hiroshi Yano, Osamu Iritani, Masashi Okuro, Shigeto Morimoto
AIM: Although lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) has been believed to be an important marker of improvement of glycemic control in order to maintain better quality of life for patients with diabetes mellitus, a too low HbA1c might be harmful in older adults. We investigated whether this was the case with respect to risk of support/care-need certification in community-dwelling older patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We analyzed 184 diabetes patients aged 65-94 years receiving glucose-lowering medication/insulin...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188973/association-between-sarcopenia-and-nutritional-status-and-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-chinese-adults-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#3
Shan Hai, Li Cao, Hui Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu, Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sarcopenia and nutritional status and physical activity among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study was carried out on 836 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years to evaluate sarcopenia using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. Sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle habits were collected using a general questionnaire...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188968/relationship-between-functional-independence-measure-and-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-in-pneumonia-patients-in-long-term-nursing-care-facilities
#4
Yuji Mitani, Yutaro Oki, Yukari Fujimoto, Takumi Yamaguchi, Kentaro Iwata, Yu Watanabe, Kazuki Takahashi, Kanji Yamada, Akira Ishikawa
AIM: The prevention of pneumonia is an urgent issue among Japanese older adults. However, little has been reported on the relationship between a Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI) for the prevention of pneumonia in patients in long-term care facilities in Japan. We aimed to clarify the relevance of FIM and GNRI for inpatients with and without pneumonia. METHODS: We identified 233 patients who were hospitalized in our long-term nursing hospital from April 2012 to September 2013...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188967/prevalence-of-anemia-and-iron-deficiency-in-older-portuguese-adults-an-empire-substudy
#5
António Robalo Nunes, Cândida Fonseca, Filipa Marques, Aurora Belo, Dialina Brilhante, José Cortez
AIM: The present study aimed to characterize the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency in older Portuguese adults, and to compare it with the prevalence in younger individuals. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study (EMPIRE study) enrolling a representative sample of 6267 adults aged <65 years and 1617 adults aged ≥65 years was carried out. Hemoglobin, ferritin, creatinine and C-reactive protein levels were measured by Point-of-Care tests. RESULTS: Anemia was more prevalent (P < 0...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188966/where-to-go-if-not-the-hospital-reviewing-geriatric-bed-utilization-in-an-acute-care-hospital-in-singapore
#6
Ke Zhou, Arpana R Vidyarthi, Chek Hooi Wong, David Matchar
AIM: Singapore is one of the fastest-aging countries in the world, and the demand for acute hospital care for older adults is expected to triple in the next 25 years. Hence, it is crucial to understand the opportunities in reducing potentially avoidable bed days (PABD), which are days spent in acute hospitals delivering only non-acute services. We aimed to access the prevalence, causes and consequences of PABD among geriatric patients. METHODS: We examined all hospitalizations from 1 August through 31 December 2013 in the geriatric wards of an acute hospital in Singapore...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188962/impact-of-poor-sleep-quality-and-physical-inactivity-on-cognitive-function-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Sho Nakakubo, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Ryo Hotta, Seongryu Bae, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the combination of subjective sleep quality and physical activity is associated with cognitive performance among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 5381 older adults who participated in part of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology - Study of Geriatric Syndromes were analyzed. We assessed general cognitive impairment using the Mini-Mental State Examination, and also assessed story memory, attention, executive function and processing speed using the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology Functional Assessment Tool...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188957/factors-associated-with-perceived-unmet-dental-care-needs-of-older-adults
#8
Songi Chae, Yunhwan Lee, Jinhee Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Jeong Keun Lee
AIM: Although older adults have high dental care needs as a result of prevalent oral health problems, they have high unmet needs. The purpose of the present study was to examine factors associated with unmet dental care needs among older adults living in the community. METHODS: This study analyzed 1419 adults aged 65 years and older who participated in both the health interview survey and oral examination of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey carried out in 2010...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188956/the-neural-substrate-of-gait-and-executive-function-relationship-in-elderly-women-a-pet-study
#9
Ryota Sakurai, Kenji Ishii, Masashi Yasunaga, Rumi Takeuchi, Yoh Murayama, Naoko Sakuma, Muneyuki Sakata, Keiichi Oda, Kenji Ishibashi, Kiichi Ishiwata, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Manuel Montero-Odasso
AIM: Understanding the relationship between age-related gait impairment, such as slow gait, and executive functioning in seniors may help identify individuals at higher risk of mobility decline, falls, and progression to dementia at earlier stages. We aim to identify brain regions concomitantly associated with poor gait and executive functioning in a cohort of well-functioning elderly women. METHODS: In total, 149 well-functioning women aged 70.1 ± 6.2 years underwent FDG-PET to evaluate regional cerebral metabolic rates of glucose normalized in reference to cerebellar glucose metabolic value (normalized-rCMRglc) in 16 brain areas...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188667/chronic-condition-as-a-mediator-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-cognition-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#10
Hui Foh Foong, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah Azizah Haron, Suzana Shahar
AIM: Metabolic syndrome and chronic conditions are significant predictors of cognition; however, few studies have examined how they work together in predicting cognition in old age. Therefore, the present study examines whether a chronic condition mediates the association between metabolic syndrome and cognition. In addition, it discusses the moderating role of sex in the relationships between metabolic syndrome, chronic conditions and cognition. METHODS: Secondary analysis was carried out of data from the Malaysian national survey that involved 2322 community residents aged 60 years or older in Peninsular Malaysia...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181386/impact-of-continuous-in-home-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-clients-over-1%C3%A2-year
#11
Miyuki Imanishi, Hisao Tomohisa, Kazuo Higaki
AIM: To verify the effect of in-home rehabilitation on quality of life and activities of daily living in elderly clients. METHODS: In this non-randomized controlled intervention trial, elderly participants were separated into a rehabilitation or a non-rehabilitation group (n = 100 each). The non-rehabilitation group received basic in-home nursing care, including assistance with cooking, cleaning, toileting, meals and medication. The rehabilitation group received a physical treatment program provided by a licensed professional once a week and basic nursing care in the home...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181371/comparative-economic-evaluation-of-home-based-and-hospital-based-palliative-care-for-terminal-cancer-patients
#12
Koki Kato, Haruhisa Fukuda
AIM: To quantify the difference between adjusted costs for home-based palliative care and hospital-based palliative care in terminally ill cancer patients. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study of home-care patients (cases) who had died at home between January 2009 and December 2013, and hospital-care patients (controls) who had died at a hospital between April 2008 and December 2013. Data on patient characteristics were obtained from insurance claims data and medical records...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176488/association-between-nighttime-sleep-duration-sleep-timing-and-falls-among-middle-aged-and-older-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-dongfeng-tongji-cohort-study-china
#13
Yi Wang, Wending Li, Lijun Shen, Lulu Song, Hui Li, Bingqing Liu, Jing Yuan, Youjie Wang
AIM: To examine the association between nighttime sleep duration, sleep timing, and their interactive effect on falls among middle-aged and older Chinese adults. METHODS: The study sample of 35,465 (mean age 64.5 years) subjects were from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. All subjects completed baseline questionnaires and medical examinations. Participants were classified into five groups based on nighttime sleep duration: <7 h, 7- ≤ 8 h, 8- ≤ 9 h, 9- ≤ 10 h, ≥10 h, and three groups based on sleep timing: <21:00, 21:00- ≤ 23:00, ≥23:00...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176431/comparison-between-clinical-gait-and-daily-life-gait-assessments-of-fall-risk-in-older-people
#14
Matthew A Brodie, Milou J Coppens, Andreas Ejupi, Yves J Gschwind, Janneke Annegarn, Daniel Schoene, Rainer Wieching, Stephen R Lord, Kim Delbaere
AIM: Falls are a leading cause of disability in older people. Here we investigate if daily-life gait assessments are better than clinical gait assessments at discriminating between older people with and without a history of falls. METHODS: A total of 96 independent-living participants (age 75.5 ± 7.8) underwent sensorimotor, psychological and cognitive assessments, and the Timed Up and Go and 10-m walk tests. Participants wore a small pendant sensor device for a week in their home environment, from which the new remote assessments of daily-life gait were determined...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127853/creative-approach-for-successful-aging-a-pilot-study-of-an-intergenerational-health-promotion-program
#15
Yen-Chun Lin, Yu-Tzu Dai, Lian-Hua Huang, Suh-Chin Wang, Guey-Shiun Huang
AIM: To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of an intergenerational health promotion program. METHODS: This was an action research project. A total of 34 participants attended the 12-week program and completed the pre-test and post-test. There were 16 middle-aged and nine older adults recruited from a district of Taipei, and nine young adults recruited from the principal investigator's university. The "Attitudes toward Aging Scale" and the "Spiritual Health Scale" were two assessment instruments used in the study...
January 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127847/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-study-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-assessment-of-physical-activity
#16
Fatma Kübra Çekok, Turhan Kahraman, Muhammet Kalkışım, Arzu Genç, Pembe Keskinoğlu
AIM: The Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) is a valid tool for use in clinical practice to provide an easily administered and interpreted means of assessing levels of physical activity among adults older than 50 years. However, there are some concerns about its reliability. The aim was to linguistically and culturally adapt the RAPA into Turkish, and assess its validity and reliability. METHODS: This methodological and cross-sectional study included 110 participants (68 women) from the community and a nursing home...
January 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124828/effects-of-life-review-interventions-on-psychosocial-outcomes-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Xiuyan Lan, Huimin Xiao, Ying Chen
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of life review interventions on psychosocial outcomes among older adults. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Ovid, CINHAL, Cochrane library, PsycINFO, Springer Link, Oxford Journals Collection, FRMS, CBM, VIP, CNKI, and Wanfang to identify randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials that evaluate the effects of life review among older adults. The quality of studies included was evaluated and the relevant information was extracted...
January 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124819/characteristics-of-care-management-agencies-affect-expenditure-on-home-help-and-day-care-services-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#18
Mei Feng, Ayumi Igarashi, Maiko Noguchi-Watanabe, Satoru Yoshie, Katsuya Iijima, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
AIM: The financial interests of care management agencies can affect how care managers assist clients' use of long-term care insurance services. The present study examined the relationship between clients' service expenditures, and whether the home help and day care service agencies belonged to the same organization as the care management agency. METHODS: Population-based data were obtained from a suburban municipality in Japan. We investigated 4331 persons with care needs certificates (levels 1-5), including those using home help (n = 1780) or day care (n = 2141) services...
January 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124816/femoral-muscle-mass-relates-to-physical-frailty-components-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#19
Tetsuya Takahashi, Masamitsu Sugie, Marina Nara, Teruyuki Koyama, Shuichi P Obuchi, Kazumasa Harada, Syunei Kyo, Hideki Ito
AIM: To examine the relationship between lower limb muscle (femoral muscle, calf muscle) mass and exercise capacity, and frailty components in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: Participants included 121 community-dwelling individuals. There were 42 men and 79 women, and the mean age was 77.7 years (range 56-97 years). Appendicular skeletal muscle mass was determined using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the skeletal muscle index was calculated using the following formula: appendicular skeletal muscle / body height...
January 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112476/measurement-and-visualization-of-face-to-face-interaction-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-using-wearable-sensors
#20
Kouhei Masumoto, Takaharu Yaguchi, Hiroshi Matsuda, Hideaki Tani, Keisuke Tozuka, Narihiko Kondo, Shuichi Okada
AIM: A number of interventions have been undertaken to develop and promote social networks among community-dwelling older adults. However, it has been difficult to examine the effects of these interventions, because of problems in assessing interactions. The present study was designed to quantitatively measure and visualize face-to-face interactions among elderly participants in an exercise program. We also examined relationships among interactional variables, personality and interest in community involvement, including interactions with the local community...
January 23, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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