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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143476/differences-in-innervated-neurons-of-the-internal-anal-sphincter-based-on-age-and-sex-a-histological-study
#1
Tomoaki Kaneko, Tetsuo Nemoto, Kimihiko Funahashi, Junichi Koike, Kazutoshi Shibuya, Hironori Kaneko
AIM: Previous studies have shown sex and age differences in anal sphincter function, but few morphological studies have focused on the quality and quantity of the nerves that control the sphincter muscles. The present study aimed to determine whether there are morphological and quantitative sex and age differences in the nerves in the conjoined longitudinal muscle. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study using surgical specimens from 44 patients who underwent abdominoperineal resection between 2003 and 2012...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143437/profiles-of-needs-satisfaction-and-thwarting-in-older-people-living-at-home-relationships-with-well-being-and-ill-being-indicators
#2
Charlotte Vanhove-Meriaux, Guillaume Martinent, Claude Ferrand
AIM: To examine the profiles of basic psychological needs satisfaction (BPNS) and thwarting (BPNT) in older people living at home, their relationship with well-being and ill-being indicators, and how BPNS and BPNT needs were related to these indicators using regression analyses. METHODS: Participants (n = 182; mean age 73.33 years; SD 7.07 years) completed the measures of BPNS, BPNT, purpose in life, personal growth, subjective vitality, self-esteem, positive and negative affective states, and depressive feelings...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143433/psychological-correlates-of-fear-of-falling-findings-from-the-german-aging-survey
#3
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify general psychological factors related to fear of falling. METHODS: Data drawn from national probability sampling of the German population aged ≥40 years were used (German Aging Survey; n = 7779). The fear of falling and the psychological factors of loneliness, life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, optimism, self-efficacy, self-esteem, self-regulation and perceived stress were collected in self-administered questionnaires...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143428/combination-of-alfacalcidol-and-calcium-improved-handgrip-strength-and-mobility-among-indonesian-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Siti Setiati, Anugrahini, Jane E Fransiska, Tirza Z Tamin, Rahmi Istanti
AIM: To determine the effect of alfacalcidol on muscle strength and functional mobility in Indonesian older women whose handgrip strength was low. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind controlled trial was carried out among 95 older women whose handgrip strength was ≤22 kg. Participants were randomized into two groups: 47 participants received alfacalcidol 0.5 μg/day and 48 participants received a placebo. Each participant in both groups was given calcium 500 mg/day...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#5
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139197/survival-prediction-among-nursing-home-residents-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Claudia Kam Yuk Lai, Lily Yuen Wah Ho, Kenny Chi Wing Chin, Enid Wai Yung Kwong
AIM: To determine the survival time and predictors of survival of residents in a nursing home. METHODS: Nursing home residents admitted from June 2008 (when the nursing home started operating) to December 2012 (n = 230) to a new nursing home in Hong Kong were prospectively followed. The predictors of survival in the residents were assessed annually, with the exception of those who did not want to continue with the study, or were hospitalized, discharged from the nursing home or died, to compare changes occurring from 2008 to 2012...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139194/advantages-of-care-for-patients-with-hip-fractures-in-the-acute-geriatric-unit-hip-study-anoia
#7
Enric Duaso, Francesc Formiga, Patrícia Marimón, Montserrat Sandiumenge, Maria Teresa Salgado, Victor Murga, Andrés Gamboa, Carlos Rodriguez, Jaume Castellà, Enrique Escalante, Célia Lumbreras, Anna Tarrida, Ramón Sellarès
AIM: Hip fracture as a result of bone fragility is characterized by poor health outcomes in the medium and long term. Our goal was to compare a new orthogeriatric model with the old trauma model and evaluate improvements in clinical management. METHODS: We carried out a comparative unicentric study, a historical sample (trauma model) collected from 1 June 2007 to 31 May 2010, versus a prospective sample (orthogeriatric model) collected from 1 June 2010 until 31 May 2013...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139192/donepezil-is-associated-with-decreased-in-hospital-mortality-as-a-result-of-pneumonia-among-older-patients-with-dementia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Yasuko Abe, Kentaro Shimokado, Kiyohide Fushimi
AIM: Pneumonia is one of the major causes of mortality in older adults. As the average lifespan has extended and new modalities to prevent or treat pneumonia are developed, the factors that affect the length of hospital stay (LHS) and in-hospital mortality of older patients with pneumonia have changed. The object of the present study was to determine the factors associated with LHS and mortality as a result of pneumonia among older patients with dementia. METHODS: With a retrospective cohort study design, we used the data derived from the Japanese Administrative Database and diagnosis procedure combination/per diem payment system (DPC/PDPS) database...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139189/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-hospitalized-octogenarian-patients
#9
Anca Trifan, Irina Girleanu, Carol Stanciu, Egidia Miftode, Camelia Cojocariu, Ana-Maria Singeap, Catalin Sfarti, Stefan Chiriac, Tudor Cuciureanu, Oana Stoica
AIM: To evaluate the risk factors and outcome of Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized octogenarian patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of risk factors and outcome of C. difficile infection in hospitalized octogenarians was carried out at two academic centers in Romania from January 2014 to September 2016. Demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics; antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors use in-hospital and 2 months before admission; comorbidities; length of hospital stay; treatment; and outcome were carefully collected from the patients' medical charts and compared with those from octogenarians hospitalized during the same period...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139186/factors-associated-with-home-hazards-findings-from-the-malaysian-elders-longitudinal-research-study
#10
Muhammad H Romli, Maw P Tan, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Shahrul B Kamaruzzaman, Lindy Clemson
AIM: Previous studies have investigated home hazards as a risk factor for falls without considering factors associated with the presence of home hazards. The present study aimed to determine patterns of home hazards among urban community-dwelling older Malaysians, and to identify factors contributing to home hazards. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the initial wave of the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research study were used. Basic demographics were obtained from the Global Questionnaire...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105246/role-of-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-rehabilitation-outcomes-for-geriatric-patients-after-strokes
#11
Eiji Kose, Toshiyuki Hirai, Toshiichi Seki, Hiroyuki Hayashi
AIM: The effect of the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) on mortality and functional outcome after strokes is unclear in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish whether treatment with PIM affects functional improvements among geriatric patients convalescing after strokes. METHODS: This retrospective longitudinal study included consecutive geriatric patients admitted and discharged from convalescent rehabilitation wards for stroke between 2010 and 2016...
November 3, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094499/emergency-medicine-in-the-extreme-geriatric-era-a-retrospective-analysis-of-patients-aged-in-their-mid-90s-and-older-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Martin Müller, Meret E Ricklin, Stefan Weiler, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Spyridon Arampatzis
AIM: In the coming years, older individuals will comprise an increasing share of emergency department (ED) admissions, due to the unprecedented and continuing demographic changes. The primary aim of the present study was to identify causes and risk factors for ED admission and hospitalizations in the oldest old. METHODS: We analyzed data of consecutive patients aged in their mid 90s and older (aged ≥94 years) admitted to the ED department of the University Hospital of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, between 2000 and 2010...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094497/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-older-adults-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Etienne Joosten
Anemia in older adults is a risk factor for numerous negative outcomes. There is no standard definition, but in most studies, anemia is defined as a hemoglobin value <12 g/dL for women and <13 g/dL for men. Absolute iron deficiency anemia is defined as the combination of anemia and the absence of total body iron. Serum ferritin is the most frequently used diagnostic parameter, but its concentration increases with age and in the presence of inflammatory diseases. Other laboratory tests, such as transferrin saturation, soluble transferrin receptor and the soluble transferrin receptor/ferritin index might provide useful information, but there is a wide variety in the cut-off values and interpretation of the results...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094496/knowledge-gap-regarding-dementia-care-among-nurses-in-taiwanese-acute-care-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Pei-Chao Lin, Mei-Hui Hsieh, Meng-Chin Chen, Yung-Mei Yang, Li-Chan Lin
AIM: The quality of dementia care in hospitals is typically substandard. Staff members are underprepared for providing care to older people with dementia. The objective of the present study was to examine dementia care knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding self-education about dementia care among nurses working in different wards. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The present study was carried out from July 2013 to December 2013. In total, 387 nurses working in different wards were recruited from two hospitals in Taiwan by using convenience sampling...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094489/beneficial-effects-of-working-later-in-life-on-the-health-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
AIM: Evidence regarding the health effects of working lack coherence. This study seeks to determine if continuing to work into older age benefits or damages one's health. METHODS: Baseline questionnaires were mailed to 15 058 individuals aged ≥65 years living in two municipalities in Nara Prefecture, Japan. Of these, 11 183 were returned. Analyses were limited to those who maintained each health index at baseline. We followed the participants for 3 years, and examined three health outcomes: long-term care need, cognitive decline and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) decline...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076226/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-gait-speed-in-well-functioning-older-people-a-population-based-study-in-peru
#16
Pedro J Ortiz, Tania Tello, Elizabeth G Aliaga, Paola M Casas, Jesus E Peinado, Juan Jaime Miranda, Luis F Varela
AIM: To determine the association between multimorbidity and gait speed in a population-based sample of older people without functional dependency. METHODS: Data were obtained from a previously made cross-sectional population-based study of individuals aged >60 years carried out in San Martin de Porres, the second most populous district in Lima, Peru. We included well-functioning, independent older people. Exclusion criteria emphasized removing conditions that would impair gait...
October 27, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052953/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-comprehensive-frailty-assessment-instrument-in-chinese-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Xiaoxia Qiao, Cuili Wang, Xiaoyu Tian, Lijuan Dong, Na Liu, Yaru Jin, Huaxin Si
AIM: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Comprehensive Frailty Assessment Instrument (CFAI) among Chinese community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The Chinese CFAI was developed through forward-backward translations. An urban sample of 1235 community-dwelling older adults received face-to-face interviews to examine the validity (construct validity and criterion validity) and reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability). RESULTS: The Chinese CFAI achieved semantic and idiomatic equivalence, and showed acceptable reliability and an expected factor structure, except for the social support domain...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052935/relationship-between-chronic-kidney-disease-without-diabetes-mellitus-and-components-of-frailty-in-community-dwelling-japanese-older-adults
#18
Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Masakazu Imaoka, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between kidney function without diabetes and components of the frailty phenotype in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. METHODS: Participants were 8343 residents who completed baseline assessments, classified into four categories according to eGFR. Frailty status was defined using five criteria: (i) slow gait speed; (ii) muscle weakness; (iii) low physical activity; (iv) exhaustion; and (v) unintentional weight loss. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, participants with the lowest kidney function were at higher risk of frailty (OR 1...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052928/relationship-between-physical-activity-levels-and-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-adults
#19
Songee Jung, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Masakazu Imaoka, Kazuhiro Harada, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to obtain data from 3191 community-dwelling older Japanese adults aged 70-95 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using self-reported scores on the Geriatric Depression Scale-15. PA was objectively measured using an accelerometer worn for a maximum of 40 days, and average daily durations of light-intensity PA (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) and step count were calculated...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044867/effect-of-one-time-brief-additional-counseling-on-periodic-health-examination-for-40-and-66-year-olds-2-year-follow-up-of-101%C3%A2-260-participants
#20
Ki Young Son, Dong Wook Shin, Hyung-Kook Yang, Jae Moon Yun, So Hyun Chun, Jong-Koo Lee, Be Long Cho
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the effect of one-time brief additional counseling in periodic health examinations (PHE) through the National Screening Program for the Translational Ages in Korea is sustained after 2 years. METHODS: We collected data from National Screening Program for the Translational Ages participants in 2007 and 2008. To evaluate behavior change after 2 years, we collected the participants' health behavior data 2 years later (2009 and 2010)...
October 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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