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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Kirill Kosilov, Sergay Loparev, Irina Kuzina, Liliya Kosilova, Marina Ivanovskaya, Alexandra Prokofyeva
AIM: The present study was a comparison of the validity of the Medication Adherence Self-Report Inventory (MASRI) questionnaire with other methods of assessing adherence to antimuscarinic drugs treatment in older patients with urge incontinence. METHODS: The experiment involved 733 men and women aged >65 years who had noted no less than one urge incontinence episode per day. At the beginning of the experiment, and after 4, 8 and 12 weeks, their adherence to treatment was monitored using the MASRI...
September 17, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yoko Matsuda, Atsuko Seki, Keisuke Nonaka, Mototsune Kakizaki, Tan Wang, Junko Aida, Naoshi Ishikawa, Yuta Nakano, Daita Kaneda, Tadayuki Takata, Junko Takahashi-Fujigasaki, Shigeo Murayama, Kaiyo Takubo, Toshiyuki Ishiwata, Motoji Sawabe, Tomio Arai
AIM: We aimed to clarify the characteristics of malignancies in older adults focusing on distant metastasis in the whole body. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 7710 cases of autopsies (4011 men, 3699 women, median age of 80 years), and analyzed the characteristics of metastasis of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma in each organ. RESULTS: The total number of cases with adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma or urothelial carcinoma was 2856, and most of them were adenocarcinomas...
September 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Tomoki Tanaka, Kyo Takahashi, Masahiro Akishita, Tetsuo Tsuji, Katsuya Iijima
AIM: We developed a simple self-screening method, the "Yubi-wakka (finger-ring)" test to assess sarcopenia swiftly. This prospective cohort study aimed to examine the validity of this test as a practical method among community-dwelling older adults for identifying sarcopenia, and for predicting disability and mortality. METHODS: We followed 1904 older adults, and analyzed associations between this "Yubi-wakka" test result at baseline in 2012 and sarcopenia at baseline, new-onset sarcopenia followed until 2014, and new-certification for the long-term care insurance and mortality followed until 2016...
September 12, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
AIM: Despite Japan being a developed nation, half of its older population does not attend regular health checkups. The aim of the present study was to examine the individual health beliefs and personal recommendations that strongly influence health checkup attendance among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2013, questionnaires were sent to 5401 community-dwelling older adults who were not receiving long-term institutionalized care. The response rate was 94...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ning Li, Gong Chen, Ping Zeng, Jing Pang, Huan Gong, Yiwen Han, Yan Zhang, Enyi Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are common among older adults. Most of the existing studies were carried out in developed countries, and evidence from developing countries are lacking. In the present study, using a national sample, we aimed to describe the prevalence of MCI and its associated factors among Chinese older adults with depression. METHOD: The present study uses data from a national survey of the 2011 Comprehensive Assessment of Elderly Health, which involved 8113 older adults from eight provinces or municipalities directly under the Central Government of six regions in China...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hirotomo Yamanashi, Yuji Shimizu, Miho Higashi, Jun Koyamatsu, Shimpei Sato, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Shinya Kawashiri, Mami Tamai, Noboru Takamura, Takahiro Maeda
AIM: Maximum isometric tongue pressure (MIP) seems to have a diagnostic value for oral phase dysphagia. The present study aimed to examine the association between MIP and frailty, and to assess the screening validity of MIP for physical frailty. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study, and enrolled participants aged ≥60 years from Japanese national medical check-ups in 2015 and 2016. The Fried frailty phenotype model was used. We analyzed odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of physical frailty using one standard deviation increments of tongue pressure...
September 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Takahiro Kambara, Rei Shibata, Hiroyuki Osanai, Yoshihito Nakashima, Hiroshi Asano, Kazuyoshi Sakai, Toyoaki Murohara, Masayoshi Ajioka
AIM: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are antidiabetic agents that act on the proximal renal tubules to lower blood glucose levels by inhibiting glucose reabsorption and promoting urinary glucose excretion. The present study assessed the long-term use of SGLT2 inhibitors in older patients with diabetes. METHODS: A total of 117 older patients with type 2 diabetes who were given SGLT2 inhibitors were enrolled from April 2014 to March 2016. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 73...
September 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Shoichi Masumoto, Mikiya Sato, Takami Maeno, Yumiko Ichinohe, Tetsuhiro Maeno
AIM: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) for older patients is a major public health problem. However, there is little information regarding PIMs in Japanese primary care settings, and the association between psychological problems and PIMs is unknown. The present study was carried out to explore the prevalence of PIMs among older patients in a primary care setting in Tokyo, and to assess the association between PIMs and depression and anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in a Japanese outpatient clinic providing primary care was carried out...
August 31, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Morten Tange Kristensen, Anni Østergaard Nielsen, Ulla Madsen Topp, Jakob Holmehave-Brandt, Charlotte Falkenberg Petterson, Peter Gebuhr
AIM: To develop and examine the psychometric properties, including responsiveness and interrater reliability, of a new outcome measure for the evaluation of basic mobility activities after a major lower extremity amputation - The Basic Amputee Mobility Score (BAMS). METHODS: The four following essential activities were chosen through consensus meetings with experienced amputee physiotherapists: (i) supine in bed to sitting on the edge of the bed; (ii) bed to wheelchair transfer; (iii) indoor wheelchair mobility; and (iv) get up from a wheelchair to standing on the non-amputated leg...
August 31, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Masaki Kamiya, Aiko Osawa, Izumi Kondo, Takashi Sakurai
AIM: The principal aim of the present study was to clarify what type of cognitive decline results in a decrease in the ability to carry out activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: The participants comprised 1384 outpatients with mild AD. We used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Barthel Index (BI) as indicators of basic ADL, and the Lawton Index (LI) as an indicator of instrumental ADL (IADL). We then analyzed the relationships between MMSE and BI, as well as between MMSE and LI...
August 31, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Marika Tsuboi, Ryo Momosaki, Mahdis Vakili, Masahiro Abo
AIM: To review the best available evidence on nutritional supplementation for activities of daily living and functional ability of older people in residential facilities. METHODS: Electronic searches were carried out using CENTRAL, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for the years 2006-2016. Randomized controlled trials and cluster-randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of nutrition interventions aimed at improving the energy or protein intake alone or both in combination were included...
August 31, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Joji Inamasu, Kazuhiro Tomiyasu, Satoru Miyatake, Keita Mayanagi, Masami Yoshii, Masashi Nakatsukasa
AIM: While autonomic imbalance during defecation/micturition can cause hemodynamic instability, stroke occurring in the toilet has rarely been investigated. The objective of the present study was to clarify the frequency and clinical characteristics of toilet-related stroke. METHODS: Clinical data prospectively acquired between January 2011 and December 2015 on 1939 patients with acute stroke (1224 cerebral infarctions [CI], 505 intracerebral hemorrhages [ICH] and 210 subarachnoid hemorrhages [SAH]) were reviewed to identify patients with a toilet-related stroke...
August 31, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ali Eslami, Mojtaba Lotfaliany, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
AIM: Current study aimed to investigate the sex-stratified secular trend of cardiovascular disease risk factors among an older population in Iran during a median follow-up period of 8.76 years. METHODS: A total of 1490 participants (733 women) aged ≥60 years were evaluated in four study phases of 2002-2005, 2005-2008, 2008-2011 and 2011-2014. The trends of cardiovascular disease risk factors for each sex were estimated using generalized estimating equations...
August 31, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Chunsheng Xu, Xiaocao Tian, Jianping Sun, Yili Wu, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Shuxia Li, Inge Petersen, Jonas Mengel-From, Lene Christiansen, Kaare Christensen, Qihua Tan
AIM: To explore the genetic and environmental influences on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and cognitive function in the world's largest and rapidly aging Chinese population. METHODS: Cognitive function and CVRF, including body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were measured in 379 complete twin pairs...
August 30, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Tuo-Yu Chen, Pey June Tan, Angelique Chan
AIM: The present study examined whether ethnicity independently predicted future falls among community-dwelling older Singaporeans, and whether ethnicity moderated the relationships between falls risk factors at baseline and falls at follow up. METHODS: Data from a longitudinal survey of older Singaporeans were used. Baseline assessment included handgrip strength, global cognitive function, mobility difficulties, health and psychosocial status. One-year retrospective falls information at follow up was the primary outcome...
August 30, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Tomoyuki Hamada, Toru Kubo, Naohito Yamasaki, Hiroaki Kitaoka
AIM: To investigate the predictive factors of cardiac events including rehospitalization for worsening heart failure (HF) and cardiac death within 1 year after hospital discharge in octogenarians hospitalized for HF. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed in detail clinical data for patients aged >80 years who were admitted to Kochi University, Kochi, Japan, for acute decompensated HF in order to identify predictive factors for cardiac events within 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 67 patients (mean age of 85 ± 4 years, 39 men) were included, and 28 patients (41...
August 30, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Meng-Ni Wu, Yi-Hui Kao, Ping-Song Chou, Tzu-Chao Lin, Lin-Li Kao, Yuan-Han Yang
AIM: The response to donepezil in patients with Alzheimer's disease varies, and it is important to identify the potential responder before therapy. Cerebral white matter changes (WMC) are frequently observed in older patients, and the effect of WMC on therapeutic response remains controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between the location of WMC, severe WMC and the response to donepezil. METHODS: Among 418 patients with Alzheimer's disease receiving donepezil, 196 patients were eligible for analysis...
August 29, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Rodrigo Santiago Barbosa Rocha, Larissa Salgado De Oliveira Rocha, Elza Sara Maués Pena, Laiz Cristinna Ponce Caldas, Marlene Aparecida Moreno
AIM: Elderly patients and individuals with Parkinson's disease have a reduction in autonomic heart rate modulation, which may influence the survival of these patients, and rehabilitation can minimize this event. We tested the hypothesis that rehabilitation protocol with game console would influence the cardiac autonomic modulation of patients with Parkinson's Disease. METHODS: Eight-seven volunteers were divided into two groups, control (n = 45) and Parkinson's (n = 42), they completed the study 40 volunteers in the control group (CG) and 31 patients in the Parkinson group (PG), and subjected to 24 sessions of game therapy physiotherapy, thrice a week...
August 23, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Miho Higashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Noboru Takamura, Takahiro Maeda
AIM: Recent geriatric studies have focused on maximum voluntary tongue pressure against the palate (MTP) as a diagnostic value for dysphagia, as dysphagia causes aspiration pneumonia. Dysphagia can also cause water intake difficulties, resulting in hypernatremia by indicating the presence of hyperosmotic dehydration. However, no studies have reported on a possible association between reduced MTP and serum sodium levels. METHODS: To evaluate hyperosmotic dehydration within the normal range as an indicator of reduced MTP, we carried out a cross-sectional study of 655 older Japanese community-dwelling men (age ≥60 years) who undertook a general health check-up from 2015 to 2016...
August 23, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hitoshi Komiya, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atsushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: Polypharmacy, which is often observed in elderly patients, has been associated with several unfavorable outcomes, including an increased risk of potentially inappropriate medications, medication non-adherence, drug duplication, drug-drug interactions, higher healthcare costs and adverse drug reactions. A significant association between polypharmacy and adverse outcomes among older people living in the community has also been confirmed. A reduction in the number of medications should thus be pursued for many older individuals...
August 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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