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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296176/mini-mental-state-examination-score-trajectories-and-incident-disabling-dementia-among-community-dwelling-older-japanese-adults
#1
Yu Taniguchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Hiroshi Murayama, Hidenori Amano, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Isao Yokota, Satoshi Seino, Yu Nofuji, Mariko Nishi, Yuri Yokoyama, Yutaka Matsuyama, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Shoji Shinkai
AIM: The present prospective study used repeated measures analysis to identify potential Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score trajectories and determine whether MMSE trajectory was associated with incident disabling dementia among community-dwelling older Japanese adults. METHODS: A total of 1724 non-demented adults (mean age 71.4 years [SD 5.7]; 56.7% women) aged 65-90 years participated in annual geriatric health assessments during the period from June 2002 through July 2014...
March 14, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295912/training-with-a-balance-exercise-assist-robot-is-more-effective-than-conventional-training-for-frail-older-adults
#2
Kenichi Ozaki, Izumi Kondo, Satoshi Hirano, Hitoshi Kagaya, Eiichi Saitoh, Aiko Osawa, Yoichi Fujinori
AIM: To examine the efficacy of postural strategy training using a balance exercise assist robot (BEAR) as compared with conventional balance training for frail older adults. METHODS: The present study was designed as a cross-over trial without a washout term. A total of 27 community-dwelling frail or prefrail elderly residents (7 men, 20 women; age range 65-85 years) were selected from a volunteer sample. Two exercises were prepared for interventions: robotic exercise moving the center of gravity by the balance exercise assist robot system; and conventional balance training combining muscle-strengthening exercise, postural strategy training and applied motion exercise...
March 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276623/changes-in-health-behaviors-and-the-trajectory-of-body-mass-index-among-older-japanese-a-19-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Benjamin A Shaw, Anda Botoseneanu, Erika Kobayashi, Taro Fukaya, Shoji Shinkai
AIM: Although the modification of lifestyle factors might facilitate weight control, the effects of health behaviors on the trajectory of bodyweight among older adults have been understudied. We examined the effect of changes in smoking, alcohol use and physical activity on the long-term trajectory of body mass index (BMI) among older Japanese adults. METHODS: Data came from a national sample of 4869 Japanese adults aged 60 years and older at baseline, with up to seven repeated observations over a period of 19 years (1987-2006)...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276619/hospital-admissions-by-the-oldest-old-past-trends-in-one-of-the-most-ageing-countries-in-the-world
#4
Daniela Brandão, Oscar Ribeiro, Alberto Freitas, Constança Paúl
AIM: To examine discharges of octogenarians, nonagenarians and centenarians from Portuguese public hospitals, namely admission type, principal diagnoses, comorbidities and length of stay. METHODS: The present study used administrative data from public acute care hospitals in the Portuguese National Health Service. All discharges of persons aged ≥80 years between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. HCUP Clinical Classifications Software was considered to aggregate principal diagnosis, and comorbidities were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index computed using International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision Clinical Modification codes...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276188/time-course-of-muscle-growth-and-its-relationship-with-muscle-strength-in-both-young-and-older-women
#5
Jeremy P Loenneke, Lindy M Rossow, Christopher A Fahs, Robert S Thiebaud, J Grant Mouser, Michael G Bemben
AIM: The time-course for changes in muscle size and strength is not well understood, particularly in women. In addition, contributions of muscle size to strength are commonly assessed utilizing a pre-post change score; however, a more appropriate within-subject correlational analysis has never been used. METHODS: To determine the time-course for thigh muscle size and strength in young (aged 18-25 years) and older (aged 50-65 years) women, and determine the relationship between size and strength after 8 weeks of training carried our three times per week...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276179/effect-of-caregiving-relationship-and-formal-long-term-care-service-use-on-caregiver-well-being
#6
Kirsten Eom, Michael J Penkunas, Angelique W M Chan
AIM: Despite efforts to revise the traditional long-term care (LTC) model, informal caregivers continue to provide a substantial amount of support to older adults as front-line care providers. The present study aimed to understand the effect of informal caregiving on caregivers' well-being in Singapore with respect to different types of patient-caregiver relationships. Second, this study examined the association between formal LTC service use and caregivers' well-being. METHODS: Two waves of data for 781 dyads of patients with LTC needs and their caregivers from a longitudinal study were analyzed...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276131/different-clinical-effect-of-four-antidementia-drugs-for-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-depending-on-white-matter-severity
#7
Yusuke Fukui, Nozomi Hishikawa, Jin Ichinose, Kota Sato, Yumiko Nakano, Ryuta Morihara, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
AIM: To examine the clinical effect of four antidementia drugs (donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine and memantine) in Alzheimer's disease patients who were divided into subgroups based on their periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) severity. METHODS: A total of 551 Alzheimer's disease patients (201 men and 350 women) were divided into four subgroups based on their PVH severity (0-III). They received monotherapy for 12 months. We compared the clinical effects at the baseline, and at 3, 6 and 12 months after initiation...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261965/relationship-between-cytokine-levels-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-11c-pittsburgh-compound%C3%A2-b-retention-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#8
Yoshitake Abe, Noriyuki Kimura, Ryuichi Takahashi, Megumi Gotou, Ken Mizukami, Hirotatsu Uchida, Etsuro Matsubara
AIM: In the present study, we examined the relationship between cytokine levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and (11) C-Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) retention in patients with mild cognitive impairment. METHODS: A total of 33 participants (12 men and 21 women; mean age 76.5 years) with mild cognitive impairment underwent neuropsychological assessments, PiB positron emission tomography and analysis of cytokine levels in the CSF. The CSF levels of 48 cytokines and growth factors were measured using multiplex immunoassays...
March 5, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261905/sarcopenia-based-on-the-asian-working-group-for-sarcopenia-criteria-and-all-cause-mortality-risk-in-older-japanese-adults
#9
Atsumu Yuki, Fujiko Ando, Rei Otsuka, Hiroshi Shimokata
AIM: The association between sarcopenia diagnosed according to the criteria of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia and increased mortality risk is currently unknown. The present study assessed the longitudinal relationship between sarcopenia and mortality risk in an elderly Japanese population. METHODS: Participants were 720 community-dwelling Japanese individuals aged 65-79 years at baseline (November 1997 to April 2000). The participants were followed from baseline to 31 December 2014 (mean duration 11...
March 5, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230301/social-participation-among-older-adults-not-engaged-in-full-or-part-time-work-is-associated-with-more-physical-activity-and-less-sedentary-time
#10
Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shigeru Inoue, Noritoshi Fukushima, Tomoko Takamiya, Yuko Odagiri, Yumiko Ohya, Shiho Amagasa, Koichiro Oka, Neville Owen
AIM: Social participation provides health benefits for older adults. However, there is the need to identify whether higher social participation is associated with older adults being more physically active and less sedentary (sitting time). We examined the associations of social participation with physical activity, and sedentary time, in a population-based sample of older Japanese adults. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional mail survey carried out in 2010 was used to collect data on social participation, physical activity, sedentary time and sociodemographic characteristics...
February 23, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224758/physical-and-social-determinants-of-dietary-variety-among-older-adults-living-alone-in-japan
#11
Yoshiharu Fukuda, Midori Ishikawa, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Tatsumi Hayashi, Tomoki Nakaya, Yukari Takemi, Kaoru Kusama, Nobuo Yoshiike, Miho Nozue, Kaori Yoshiba, Nobuko Murayama
AIM: Food security and sufficient nutrient intake are critical to longevity and active aging. The present study aimed to elucidate physical and social factors related to dietary variety among single-living older adults in Japanese communities. METHODS: The cross-sectional survey with a self-administrated questionnaire was carried out for all older adults living alone aged 65 years and older in three cities of Japan during 2014. Dietary variety score (DVS) was determined by counting the number of 10 food groups consumed at least once in 2 days using a food frequency questionnaire...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224718/development-of-a-candy-sucking-test-for-evaluating-oral-function-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-a-pilot-study
#12
Takahiro Mori, Mineka Yoshikawa, Mariko Maruyama, Aya Hiraoka, Masahiro Nakamori, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Kazuhiro Tsuga
AIM: To maintain oral intake in elderly patients with dementia, it is important to evaluate their oral function. However, these patients often have difficulties following instructions during oral function tests, especially with the progression of dementia. The task of sucking a lollipop candy is simple for elderly patients with mild or severe dementia. The present study aimed to develop a new oral function test - the "candy sucking test" (CST) - for elderly patients with dementia. METHODS: We recruited 23 female elderly patients with dementia (mean age 89...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224703/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-chinese-older-adults-the-beers-criteria-compared-with-the-screening-tool-of-older-persons-prescriptions-criteria
#13
Hong Li, Shiyun Pu, Qinhui Liu, Xin Huang, Jiangying Kuang, Lei Chen, Jing Shen, Shihai Cheng, Tong Wu, Rui Li, Yanping Li, Li Mo, Wei Jiang, Yi Song, Jinhan He
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) use in West China Hospital residents aged ≥65 years, using two sets of criteria - the Beers and Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria - and to compare the Beers and STOPP criteria, and to determine the better criteria for assessing PIM of older adults in China. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study, and all patients were aged ≥65 years and admitted through the Information Center of West China Hospital from October 2010 to April 2013...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224699/comparison-of-four-criteria-for-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-older-adults
#14
Priscila Horta Novaes, Danielle Teles da Cruz, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM: To compare four potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) criteria from different regions of the world in terms of their characteristics, concordance, sensitivity, specificity and predictive values in a community-dwelling sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, epidemiological study was carried out by a door-to-door survey in a Brazilian city. The following PIM criteria were applied: Beers-2015, Screening Tool of Older People's Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP)-2015, The European Union (EU)(7)-PIM list and Taiwan criteria...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224694/the-clinical-relevance-of-orthostatic-hypotension-in-elderly-patients
#15
Laura Hartog, Nanne Kleefstra, Rene Luigies, Sophia de Rooij, Henk Bilo, Kornelis van Hateren
AIM: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is highly prevalent in old age. The impact of OH on orthostatic complaints and falling is questionable. We wondered if the consensus definition of OH plays an essential role in the accuracy and direction of the prediction of these endpoints. We aimed to explore the relation between different definitions of OH, including relative decrease of blood pressure, and orthostatic complaints and falling. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1415 participants aged ≥65 years visiting a mobile fall-prevention team...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224692/renal-function-affects-hippocampal-volume-and-cognition-the-role-of-vascular-burden-and-amyloid-deposition
#16
Hoyoung An, Booyeol Choi, Sang Joon Son, Eun Young Cho, Seon-Ok Kim, Sooyun Cho, Duk-Hee Kang, Chul Lee, Seong Yoon Kim
AIM: We determined if differences in renal function, even within normal levels, influenced hippocampal volume (HCV) and cognition. METHODS: Cognitively normal (CN) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects with eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m(2) were selected from the ADNI database (N = 1,269) and divided into three groups (eGFR 60-75, 75-90 and ≥90). Associations between eGFR, HCV and cognition scores were examined using regression methods, and random-coefficient models...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224693/analysis-of-team-types-based-on-collaborative-relationships-among-doctors-home-visiting-nurses-and-care-managers-for-effective-support-of-patients-in-end-of-life-home-care
#17
Junko Fujita, Sakiko Fukui, Sumie Ikezaki, Chizuru Otoguro, Mayuko Tsujimura
AIM: To define the team types consisting of doctors, home-visiting nurses and care managers for end-of-life care by measuring the collaboration relationship, and to identify the factors related to the team types. METHODS: A questionnaire survey of 43 teams including doctors, home-visiting nurses and care managers was carried out. The team types were classified based on mutual evaluations of the collaborative relationships among the professionals. To clarify the factors between team types with the patient characteristics, team characteristics and collaboration competency, univariate analysis was carried out with the Fisher's exact test or one-way analysis and multiple comparison analysis...
February 21, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190303/correlates-of-subjective-transportation-deficiency-among-older-adults-attending-outpatient-clinics-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mexico-city
#18
Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Carlos Tonatiuh Medina-Rimoldi, José Alberto Avila-Funes
AIM: Older adults frequently report problems of transportation. Little is known about the correlates of transportation deficiency in Latin America. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the correlates of subjective transportation deficiency (STD) among community-dwelling older adults attending a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 228 participants aged ≥70 years being followed in any of the outpatient clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188974/glycemic-control-and-disability-free-survival-in-hypoglycemic-agent-treated-community-dwelling-older-patients-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Takuro Morita, Tazuo Okuno, Taroh Himeno, Keisuke Watanabe, Kumie Nakajima, Yumi Koizumi, Hiroshi Yano, Osamu Iritani, Masashi Okuro, Shigeto Morimoto
AIM: Although lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) has been believed to be an important marker of improvement of glycemic control in order to maintain better quality of life for patients with diabetes mellitus, a too low HbA1c might be harmful in older adults. We investigated whether this was the case with respect to risk of support/care-need certification in community-dwelling older patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We analyzed 184 diabetes patients aged 65-94 years receiving glucose-lowering medication/insulin...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188973/association-between-sarcopenia-and-nutritional-status-and-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-chinese-adults-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#20
Shan Hai, Li Cao, Hui Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu, Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sarcopenia and nutritional status and physical activity among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study was carried out on 836 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years to evaluate sarcopenia using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. Sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle habits were collected using a general questionnaire...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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