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Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604110/emerging-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
Laure de Rosamel, Jean-Frederic Blanc
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most diagnosed cancer in the world and the third leading cause of death. Unfortunately, when diagnosed two thirds of patients have an advanced disease for which only palliative treatment can be proposed and most likely systemic therapy. Areas covered: As of today only one systemic therapy is validated in the treatment of advanced HCC, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI): Sorafenib. Treatment options are therefore lacking. With the advent of Sorafenib other TKIs have been studied with some disappointing results...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562096/emerging-growth-factor-receptor-antagonists-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-melanoma
#2
REVIEW
Sarah E Fenton, Jeffrey A Sosman, Sunandana Chandra
Therapy for metastatic melanoma has undergone a rapid transformation over the past 5-10 years. Advances in immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, including both anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1/PD-L1, have led to durable responses in up to 50% of patients. As our understanding of the processes driving the transformation of melanocytes has improved, progress in targeted therapies has also continued. Areas covered: Angiogenesis and the tumor's dependence on an expanded vascular supply has been a target for novel therapies since the 1970's, as this tissue is derived from endothelial cells that are genetically stable in adults...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556678/emerging-drugs-for-urothelial-bladder-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Kerwin Cumberbatch, Tianfang He, Zachary Thorogood, Benjamin A Gartrell
Metastatic urothelial carcinoma has been associated with poor prognosis and a median survival of approximately 12-14 months with standard therapy. Treatment options for decades have been limited to platinum based chemotherapy as first line with few therapeutic options available to the majority who will ultimately progress beyond platinum. Areas covered: This review focuses on the various targeted, antiangiogenic, chemotherapeutic and immunotherapeutic agents currently being developed for the treatment of urothelial carcinoma...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506135/emerging-cell-cycle-inhibitors-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#4
REVIEW
Abdallah Abou Zahr, Gautam Borthakur
AML therapy remains very challenging despite our increased understanding of its molecular heterogeneity. Outcomes with chemotherapy and targeted therapy remain poor. Targeting cell cycle regulators might complement chemotherapy and targeted therapy and help in improving outcomes. Areas covered: Here we cover the pre-clinical and clinical data for both for cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) and cell-cycle checkpoint inhibitors. While CDK inhibition can inhibit proliferation, checkpoint inhibitors can facilitate cell cycle progression in presence of DNA damage and can induce mitotic catastrophe...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506080/hepatocellular-carcinoma-treatment-a-comparative-review-of-emerging-growth-factor-receptor-antagonists
#5
REVIEW
Su Jin Lee, Ho Yeong Lim
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of death worldwide. Over the last decade, sorafenib has been the only available therapeutic option for advanced HCC, although regorafenib recently showed a survival benefit compared with placebo in a second-line setting. Areas covered: This review discusses key published and ongoing studies with targeted agents in HCC, molecular targets of HCC, the mechanism of resistance to sorafenib, and the role of biomarker-enriched clinical trials. Expert opinion: The multiplicity of drivers and the existence of substantial molecular heterogeneity limit the benefits of targeted therapies in HCC...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503959/emerging-drugs-for-prevention-of-t-cell-mediated-rejection-in-liver-and-kidney-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Tiffany Cl Wong, Chung-Mau Lo, James Yy Fung
Acute and chronic graft rejection continues to be an important problem after solid organ transplantation. With the introduction of potent immunosuppressive agents such as calcineurin inhibitors, the risk of rejection has been significantly reduced. However, the adverse effects of life-long immunosuppression remain a concern, and there exist a fine balance between over-immunosuppression and risk of rejection. Areas covered: In this review, the current standard of care in immunosuppressive therapy, including the use of steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, mycophenolate prodrugs and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, will be discussed...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253833/emerging-antibodies-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Kalliopi Andrikou, Chiara Peterle, Stefania Pipitone, Massimiliano Salati, Stefano Cascinu
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cancer (PDAC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recently, two chemotherapy regimens have proven to improve median overall survival in comparison with gemcitabine. Based on better understanding of tumor molecular biology and of the role of tumor microenvironment, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) could be an interesting and new type of targeted treatment of PDAC. Areas covered: Preclinical and clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy of several mAbs in pancreatic cancer treatment...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253832/emerging-chemical-therapies-targeting-5-hydroxytryptamine-in-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Amanda Calhoun, Je Ko, George T Grossberg
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major neuropsychiatric disorder affecting more than 5 million Americans over age 65. By the year 2050, AD is expected to affect over 30 million. Characterized by neuronal cell death accompanied by the accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques, AD results in devastating clinical symptomatology with a lasting psychosocial and financial impact. Studies have shown that the current treatments for AD, cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI's) and NMDA receptor antagonists, have limited efficacy...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253831/an-update-on-emerging-therapies-for-urinary-tract-infections
#9
REVIEW
Aneela Majeed, Sumaiah Alarfaj, Rabih Darouiche, Mayar Mohajer
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common healthcare-acquired infections, and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Worldwide use of antibiotics has led to a significant rise in resistant uropathogens emanating from both hospitals and communities. The huge concern of multidrug resistance (MDR) has led the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to encourage drug companies to invest in the development of new antibiotics. Area covered: In this review we summarized data on already approved antibiotics, and selected emerging therapies that are currently in phase II and III trials with emphasis on complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs)...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253830/advances-in-emerging-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-neuroblastoma
#10
REVIEW
Pablo Berlanga, Adela Cañete, Victoria Castel
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid extracranial tumor of childhood. Outcome for children with high-risk neuroblastoma remains suboptimal. More than half of children diagnosed with high-risk neuroblastoma either do not respond to conventional therapies or relapse after treatment with dismal prognosis. Areas covered: This paper presents a short review of the state of the art in the current treatment of high-risk neuroblastoma. An updated review of new targeted therapies in this group of patients is also presented...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253829/emerging-drugs-for-immune-thrombocytopenia-itp
#11
REVIEW
Abdulgabar Salama
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by autoantibody production against platelets, increased platelet destruction, and, in some cases, impaired thrombopoiesis. The majority of affected patients have significant bleeding risks due to low platelet counts and require treatment. The etiology of ITP is an immunological labyrinth. Currently available treatment options are usually not only nonspecific, but are also associated with some risks. Areas covered: Several useful drugs for the treatment of ITP are currently available...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253828/emerging-protein-kinase-inhibitors-for-treating-pancreatic-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Junji Furuse, Fumio Nagashima
Pancreatic cancer, the incidence and mortality of which are increasing around the world, has the most dismal prognosis among the commonly encountered cancers. Systemic chemotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of patients with pancreatic cancer, and development of more effective chemotherapies is being sought. Areas covered: This review article provides a summary about protein kinase inhibitors that have been investigated for the treatment of pancreatic cancer, not only existing agents targeting RAS, EGFR, VEGFR, MEK, etc...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927063/inflammation-and-beyond-new-directions-and-emerging-drugs-for-treating-atherosclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Marie-Jeanne Bertrand, Jean-Claude Tardif
Cardiovascular (CV) atherosclerotic disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, despite the advances in contemporary therapies. Inflammation is an important process in atherosclerosis, leading to plaque rupture and acute coronary syndrome. Although statin therapy has substantially reduced CV events in primary and secondary prevention, many treated patients will have recurrent adverse CV events despite the standard of care. Thus, drug development aiming to target inflammatory pathways seems a promising avenue for novel therapies in atherosclerosis...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927032/emerging-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-obesity
#14
REVIEW
Christoffer Martinussen, Kirstine Nyvold Bojsen-Moller, Maria Saur Svane, Thomas Fremming Dejgaard, Sten Madsbad
The increasing prevalence of obesity represents a huge threat to public health and the current pharmacological treatment options are limited. Bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment for severe obesity, highlighting the urgent need for new and improved drug therapies. Areas covered: Based on the physiological regulation of energy homeostasis, pharmacological strategies to treat obesity are evaluated with focus on drugs in phase 2 and 3 clinical development. The potential impact of these drugs on current treatment standards and the barriers for development are discussed and set in a historical perspective of previous antiobesity medications...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820973/emerging-biological-therapies-to-treat-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#15
REVIEW
Françoise Huguet, Suzanne Tavitian
Various settings of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represent unmet medical needs: first remission at high risk of relapse, such as persistent minimal residual disease (MRD); relapse/refractoriness (R/R); elderly patients. Biological therapies targeting widely-shared antigens of blast cells have entered the clinic in B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL. Area covered: Results of phase II/III trials of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) and phase I/II trials of adoptive cell therapy by chimeric antigen receptor-engineered T cells (CAR-T cells) are presented...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813425/emerging-drugs-for-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-and-neuropathic-pain
#16
REVIEW
Nikolaos Papanas, Dan Ziegler
Diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) is a common complication of diabetes. Areas covered: In this review, the authors discuss the emerging drugs for DSPN, which aim either at improving alleviation of neuropathic pain or addressing the putative mechanisms underlying diabetic neuropathy. Expert Opinion: Current treatment does not address the sensory deficits and pathogenesis underlying DSPN, so there is an unmet need for treatment options targeting the natural history of the condition. Some of these pathogenetic therapies have demonstrated clinically relevant improvements in neuropathic endpoints in recent randomised controlled trials...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813423/emerging-drugs-and-therapeutics-for-systemic-sclerosis
#17
REVIEW
Jason J Lee, Janet E Pope
Treatment of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is challenging despite advances in medical therapeutics for other rheumatologic diseases. Significant disease modifying therapy is lacking for most patients with SSc, due to the heterogeneous multisystem nature of SSc and its complex pathophysiology. The emergence of organ based management strategies has provided guidance in patient care as well as research and drug development. Areas covered: Design and development of new compounds focused on the underlying fibrotic disease processes have been sparse...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809608/an-update-on-dpp-4-inhibitors-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#18
REVIEW
Avivit Cahn, Simona Cernea, Itamar Raz
DPP-4 inhibitors are a class of compounds used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The drugs inhibit the degradation of GLP-1, thus amplifying the incretin effect. They have moderate glycemic efficacy, a low propensity of causing hypoglycaemia and are weight neutral. The drugs are often used as second line therapy after metformin. Areas covered: This review summarizes the available compounds in the market and discusses the novel compounds that are currently under development. Several large cardiovascular outcome trials with some of the compounds have been completed, and their results and implications are considered...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809598/emerging-targeted-therapies-for-glioma
#19
REVIEW
Julie J Miller, Patrick Y Wen
Gliomas are the most common malignant primary brain tumors in adults. Despite aggressive treatment with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, these tumors are incurable and invariably recur. Molecular characterization of these tumors in recent years has advanced our understanding of gliomagenesis and offered an array of pathways that can be specifically targeted. Areas covered: The most commonly dysregulated signaling pathways found in gliomas will be discussed, as well as the biologic importance of these disrupted pathways and how each may contribute to tumor development...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690668/are-emerging-pgd2-antagonists-a-promising-therapy-class-for-treating-asthma
#20
Hugo Farne, David J Jackson, Sebastian L Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
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