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Mariko Ohkura, Naoto Ohkura, Nagako Yoshiba, Kunihiko Yoshiba, Hiroko Ida-Yonemochi, Hayato Ohshima, Isao Saito, Takashi Okiji
This study aimed to analyze the mRNA expression and protein localization of prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) synthase (PGIS), the PGI2 receptor (IP receptor) and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1) in force-stimulated rat molars, toward the elucidation of the PGI2-IP receptor-TRPV1 pathway that is in operation in the pulp and possibly associated with orthodontic pain and inflammation. Experimental force was applied to the maxillary first and second molars by inserting an elastic band between them for 6-72 h...
June 19, 2017: Odontology
M Collado-González, M P Pecci-Lloret, D García-Bernal, S Aznar-Cervantes, R E Oñate-Sánchez, J M Moraleda, J L Cenis, F J Rodríguez-Lozano
The aim is to investigate in vitro biological effects of silk fibroin 3D scaffolds on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) in terms of proliferation, morphological appearance, cell viability, and expression of mesenchymal stem cell markers. Silk fibroin 3D scaffolding materials may represent promising suitable scaffolds for their application in regenerative endodontic therapy approaches. SHEDs were cultured in silk fibroin 3D scaffolds. Then, cell numbers were counted and the Alamar blue colorimetric assay was used to analyse cell proliferation after 24, 48, 72, and 168 h of culture...
June 14, 2017: Odontology
Thanomsuk Jearanaiphaisarn, Teeranuch Sanharati, Prasit Pavasant, Chalida Nakalekha Limjeerajarus
Periodontal ligament is considered a rich source of mesenchymal stem cells for pulp regeneration. This study investigated the effect of iloprost, a prostacyclin analog, on cell proliferation and the expression of angiogenesis-related genes in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLs) in vitro. The hPDLs were treated with 10(-9)-10(-6) M iloprost for 1, 6 and 24 h. Cell proliferation was determined by an MTT assay. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), alpha-1 type I collagen (COL1), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) mRNA expression were determined by semi-quantitative and qPCR...
May 25, 2017: Odontology
Olga Polydorou, Sophia Scheitza, Mathias Spraul, Kirstin Vach, Elmar Hellwig
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the long-term effect of bleaching on human enamel. Four groups of enamel specimens were prepared (n = 20): group 1: bleaching with Opalescence Boost [40% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), 3 × 20 min/week]; group 2: control group (the specimens were stored in human saliva); group 3: beaching with Vivastyle Paint on Plus (6% H2O2, 2 × 10 min/day), and group 4: bleaching with Opalescence PF 16% [16% carbamide peroxide (CP), 6 h/day]. After each bleaching session the specimens were stored in human saliva...
May 25, 2017: Odontology
Abdullah Aldosari AlFarraj, Anil Sukumaran, Mohammad D Al Amri, Aja Bart Van Oirschot, John A Jansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Odontology
Yunia Dwi Rakhmatia, Yasunori Ayukawa, Yohei Jinno, Akihiro Furuhashi, Kiyoshi Koyano
The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of bone formation beneath a defect area after treatment with titanium mesh membranes with different thicknesses and pore sizes alone or in combination with bone graft to induce bone formation during the early stage of healing time. The mandibular premolars were extracted bilaterally from three adult beagle dogs, and 8-mm-diameter bone defects were created on the buccal site of the premolar regions. Hydroxyapatite bone graft substitute was applied in the defect site unilaterally, and other site was left empty...
April 7, 2017: Odontology
Juan Carlos Flores-Arriaga, Amaury de Jesús Pozos-Guillén, Diana María Escobar-García, Christian Grandfils, Bernardino Isaac Cerda-Cristerna
The objective of this study is to evaluate the cell viability and hemocompatibility of starch-based hydrogels for maxillofacial bone regeneration. Seven starch-based hydrogels were prepared: three loaded with 0.5, 1 and 2% calcium carbonate (Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA); three loaded with 2, 3 and 4% hydroxyapatite (Sigma Aldrich); and one not loaded as a control. A 10 M NaOH was then added to induce hydrogel formation. Human osteoblasts were cultured on each hydrogel for 72 h. An MTS assay (Cell Titer96; PROMEGA, Madison, WI, USA) was used to assess cell viability...
April 6, 2017: Odontology
Emre Yaprak, Murat Kasap, Gürler Akpınar, Sibel Kayaaltı-Yüksek, Alper Sinanoğlu, Nil Guzel, Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac
Gingiva is a unique tissue which protects the underlying periodontal tissues from consistent mechanical and bacterial aggressions. Molecular analysis of gingiva is likely to improve our understanding of the underlying biological processes at work. The aim of this preliminary exploratory study is to analyze the proteomic profile of healthy gingiva and to detect prominently expressed proteins. Gingival tissue samples were obtained from periodontally healthy individuals who underwent surgical crown lengthening procedure...
April 5, 2017: Odontology
Tsutomu Sugaya, Mahito Tomita, Youji Motoki, Khurshiduz Zaman, Hirofumi Miyaji, Masamitsu Kawanami
The aim of this study was to determine whether sealing of fracture gap using adhesive resin through the root canal can prevent inflammation of periodontal tissue, and resealing the incompletely sealed fracture gap from outside can resolve such inflammation in experimentally created vertical root fractures. Vertical root fractures were created in incisor of beagles. In the experimental group, the fracture gap was sealed through the root canal with adhesive resin. After 5 weeks, sites with the clinical attachment level ≥4 mm were further divided randomly into the poor-replanting group and the poor-untreated group...
April 2017: Odontology
M Murat Mutluay, Arzu Tezvergil-Mutluay
Soft polymers used under tissue-supported prostheses have limited service life because of surface degradation. PURPOSE: This paper evaluates the changes in surface properties and softness of soft relining materials after cyclic loading in water. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3 polysiloxane (Silagum AM Comfort, Molloplast B, Mollosil Plus) and 2 acrylic-based (Vertex Soft, Astron LC Soft) proprietary soft relining materials and a vinyl polysiloxane (Imprint 2 Garant) as the reference impression material evaluated...
April 2017: Odontology
Amal Alharbi, Stefano Ardu, Tissiana Bortolotto, Ivo Krejci
To evaluate the stain susceptibility of CAD/CAM blocks and direct composite after long term exposure to various staining agents. 40 disk-shaped samples were fabricated from each of nine materials; six CAD/CAM (Vitablocs Mark II, Paradigm MZ100, Experimental Vita Hybrid Ceramic, Vita Enamic, Experimental Kerr and Lava Ultimate) and three direct composites (Filtek Supreme, Venus Diamond and Filtek Silorane). Samples were randomly divided into five groups (n = 8) according to different staining solutions (distilled water, tea, red wine, coffee and artificial saliva)...
April 2017: Odontology
Keisuke Saito, Takumi Morita, Hiroki Takasu, Kozue Kuroki, Takuya Fujiwara, Katsunari Hiraba, Shigemi Goto
The medial pterygoid muscle is a layered structure like the masseter muscle. This study aimed at investigating the regional differences in fiber type composition and fiber diameter of the medial pterygoid muscle in the rabbit from birth until 33 weeks of age. Histochemical analysis of the medial pterygoid muscle was performed during five developmental stages (4, 9, 12, 18, and 33 weeks after birth) in 30 male Japanese white rabbits. Six fiber types (I, IC, IIC, IIA, IIAB, and IIB) were identified by mATPase staining...
April 2017: Odontology
Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Kusuma Jamdee
The objective of this study was to determine the inhibitory effect of alpha-mangostin on Candida biofilms. Candida species including Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, and Candida glabrata were tested. Candida biofilms were formed in flat-bottomed 96-well microtiter plates. The metabolic activity of cells within biofilms was quantified using the XTT assay. The results demonstrated that alpha-mangostin showed a significant anti-biofilm effect on both developing biofilms and preformed biofilms of Candida species...
April 2017: Odontology
Mayu Morita, Seiji Asoda, Kazuyuki Tsunoda, Tomoya Soma, Taneaki Nakagawa, Masayori Shirakawa, Hirofumi Shoji, Hisao Yagishita, Takeji Nishikawa, Hiromasa Kawana
Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease. Topical use of steroids and other immuno-modulating therapies have been tried for this intractable condition. Nowadays, tacrolimus ointment is used more commonly as a choice for treatment. However, a number of discussions have taken place after tacrolimus was reported to be carcinogenic. This report describes a patient who applied tacrolimus ointment to the lower lip after being diagnosed with oral lichen planus in 2008, and whose lesion developed squamous cell carcinoma in 2010...
April 2017: Odontology
Mehmet Sağlam, Serhat Köseoğlu, Cüneyt Asım Aral, Levent Savran, Tuğba Pekbağrıyanık, Ayşe Çetinkaya
The purpose of this clinical study is to comparatively investigate the interleukin-33 (IL-33) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), saliva and plasma of patients with periodontal disease as well as periodontally healthy subjects and the association between these levels and clinical parameters. GCF, saliva and plasma samples were collected from systemically healthy, non-smoker chronic periodontitis patients (CP group, n = 20), gingivitis patients (G group, n = 20) and periodontally healthy control groups (H group, n = 20)...
April 2017: Odontology
Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Maria Kourakou, Dimitrios Kloukos, Ioannis Doulis, Smaragda Kavvadia
We aimed at comparing the performance of vacuum-formed thermoplastic retainers (VFR) worn either full-time or part-time, in maintaining orthodontic treatment results in terms of tooth alignment, arch form and occlusion. We reviewed randomized and prospective controlled clinical trials comparing VFR wearing protocols and searched databases, without restrictions, for published and unpublished literature. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and the overall level of certainty in the evidence following ADA methodology...
April 2017: Odontology
Amr M Elnaghy, Ayman Mandorah, Shaymaa E Elsaka
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the XP-endo Finisher (FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) file on debris and smear layer removal in curved root canals in comparison to different irrigation regimens. Seventy-five freshly extracted human mandibular molar teeth with mesial root curved more than 20° were used in this study. The mesial root canals were mechanically prepared using the BT-Race rotary system (FKG Dentaire) and divided into five groups (n = 15) according to the following irrigation techniques: positive control, non-agitated, File agitation, XP-endo Finisher, and EndoActivator (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialities, Tulsa, OK, USA)...
April 2017: Odontology
N Corcodel, A J Hassel, S Sen, D Saure, P Rammelsberg, C J Lux, S Zingler
The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of enamel sealants on bleaching of natural teeth by use of 40 % hydrogen peroxide in a dental surgery. The color stability of the results from bleaching was, furthermore, determined 10 months after the bleaching procedure. In a standardized setting, four sealants (Pro Seal(®), Light Bond™ Sealant, Protecto(®), and Clinpro™ XT Varnish) were applied to and removed from human teeth in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Natural teeth served as medium; half of the teeth were sealed and the others served as controls...
April 2017: Odontology
E Baena, A Flores, L Ceballos
The aim of the present study was to assess whether different dentin conditioning protocols with different acids [phosphoric acid, ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA), and polyacrylic acid (PAA)] influence the bond strength of fiber posts along the radicular depth when luted with self-adhesive resin cement. Twenty single-rooted teeth were randomly divided into four experimental groups (n = 5) according to dentin treatment: Group 1: no treatment; Group 2: etching with 35 % phosphoric acid for 10 s; Group 3: 17 % EDTA application for 60 s; and Group 4: conditioning with 25 % PAA for 30 s...
April 2017: Odontology
Kanyawat Rattanasuwan, Krittawat Lertsukprasert, Supanee Rassameemasmaung, Chulaluk Komoltri
This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of the regenerative periodontal therapy of an intrabony defect in terms of tooth survival and clinical attachment level (CAL) stability. The association between failure and patient as well as tooth variables was assessed. Treatment records of the patients who received regenerative surgery and re-evaluation at 1-year post-surgery were screened. Patient and tooth variables, defect characteristics, and types of treatments were collected. Periodontal parameters were retrieved before regenerative surgery (baseline), 1-year post-surgery, and every visits of supportive periodontal treatment (SPT) until failure, including tooth loss or CAL loss ≥2 mm was found...
April 2017: Odontology
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