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Current Sports Medicine Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407948/incidence-diagnosis-and-management-of-injury-in-sport-climbing-and-bouldering-a-critical-review
#1
Gareth Jones, Volker Schöffl, Mark I Johnson
Competition climbing will debut as an Olympic sport at the 2020 summer games in Tokyo. The aim of this article is to critically review research on the incidence of injury in sport climbing and bouldering. The pathophysiology and clinical presentation of finger and shoulder injuries is discussed. A semisystematic approach in reviewing literature on incidence was applied. Articles were identified after searches of the following electronic databases: Discover, Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and ScienceDirect...
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407947/competitive-endurance-activities-of-middle-aged-athletes-as-a-risk-factor-for-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Zoran Sarcevic, Andreja Tepavcevic
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in athletes. Epidemiological studies have documented a greater prevalence of AF in athletes engaged in long-term endurance sports. Several mechanisms were proposed to underlie the association between exercise and AF, but the exact pathophysiology remains unclear. The studies up to now have been concentrated on the competitive middle-aged endurance athletes, but there is no evidence of AF prevalence among highly active noncompetitive athletes of the same age...
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407946/returning-to-sport-after-gymnastics-injuries
#3
Emily A Sweeney, David R Howell, David A James, Morgan N Potter, Aaron J Provance
Acute and overuse injuries are a common experience for artistic gymnasts; however, this population has unique needs when returning to their sport after an injury due to the technical demands imposed during gymnastics. We reviewed the current literature regarding return to play (RTP) in artistic gymnasts and developed four goals: 1) to define the guiding principles used to determine RTP in sports, 2) to identify factors that affect recovery progression among gymnasts, 3) to determine how different injury types affect RTP protocols, and 4) to create structured RTP protocols specific to gymnasts based on sex and body part injured...
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407945/the-young-injured-gymnast-a-literature-review-and-discussion
#4
Elspeth Hart, William P Meehan, Donald S Bae, Pierre d'Hemecourt, Andrea Stracciolini
Gymnastics is a sport requiring grace, strength, and flexibility, resulting in a wide variety of injuries. This article is an overview of the sport of gymnastics and associated injury trends in the artistic gymnastics population. Injury rates in gymnastics range from 1.08 to 50.3 per 1000 h of exposure. More injuries occur in competition versus practice. Fewer injuries occur in recreational gymnastics than competitive gymnastics. The most common injury in gymnastics occurs in the lower extremity, and is an ankle sprain, followed by knee internal derangement...
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407944/a-marathon-runner-with-vertigo-after-the-race
#5
Amanda Honsvall Hoefler, Kelly Roberts Lane, William O Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407943/evaluation-and-management-of-grade-iii-acromioclavicular-joint-separations
#6
Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407942/muscle-cramping-in-the-heat
#7
E Randy Eichner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407941/acsm-clinician-profile
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300197/don-t-just-blame-it-on-the-veins-an-update-on-vascular-exertional-limb-pain
#9
Kevin T Dyer, Christopher P Hogrefe
Exertional limb pain is a common problem encountered in recreational and competitive athletes. Affecting both the upper and lower extremities, this broad entity can be musculoskeletal, vascular, neurologic, oncologic, or infectious in origin. This article focuses on the vascular causes of exercise-related extremity pain, which encompass a cadre of elusive diagnoses. Specifically, we examine arterial endofibrosis, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, and chronic exertional compartment syndrome of both the upper and lower extremities...
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300196/scapula-dyskinesis-a-review-of-current-concepts-and-evaluation-of-assessment-tools
#10
Gihan Shantha Jayasinghe
Scapula dyskinesis is prevalent in athletes conducting forceful overhead movements. This review summarizes our current understanding of the condition and evaluates the different options for assessing dyskinesis. Current methods for assessing scapula dyskinesis involve clinical observations, three-dimensional kinematics and three-dimensional wing computer tomography. Clinical observation is the most pragmatic method for assessing dyskinesis yielding inter-rater agreement of 79% and sensitivity of 76%. Similar sensitivities have been recorded using three-dimensional kinematics...
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300195/olecranon-fracture-from-direct-trauma-to-elbow-during-a-baseball-game-a-case-report
#11
Bradley W Wills, James Thompson McMurtrie, Anders Carl Oster, A Reed Estes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300194/gps-tracker-enabled-rescue-of-a-lost-runner-during-a-wilderness-ultramarathon-a-case-report
#12
Martin D Hoffman, Craig Longobardi, Candice Burt, Todd Nardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300193/antidoping-science-important-lessons-from-the-medical-sciences
#13
Perikles Simon, Elmo Wi Neuberger, Guan Wang, Yannis P Pitsiladis
The ineffectiveness of antidoping programs in elite sport, largely due to human and political factors, is leading to a new resolve and greater transparency of antidoping authorities and those stakeholders interested in drug-free sport. The perception by the public, athletes, and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) of antidoping science and current drug testing programs in elite sport varies widely from "ineffective" to "robust and reliable." Here, we discuss why a careful and considered reevaluation of the underlying premise of antidoping science is needed to bring this unique application of predictive/diagnostic science more in line with other areas of medicine...
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300192/billing-and-coding-in-sports-medicine
#14
Michael Swartzon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300191/use-of-foot-doming-for-increasing-dynamic-stability-and-injury-prevention-in-runners-and-athletes
#15
Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300190/blunt-abdominal-trauma-in-sports
#16
Jessalynn Adam, Arthur Jason De Luigi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204635/shoulder-instability-in-the-overhead-athlete
#17
REVIEW
Steven F DeFroda, Dhruv Goyal, Nimit Patel, Neel Gupta, Mary K Mulcahey
Shoulder instability encompasses a spectrum of disease ranging from subluxation to dislocation, and is typically associated with collision athletes such as wrestlers and football players. Instability, however, also can be the result of repetitive microtrauma, as seen in overhead athletes (baseball, tennis, volleyball, swimming). The presentation of instability can be subtle, and difficult to diagnose in the absence of an acute traumatic event without the proper suspicion, physical examination, and diagnostic evaluation...
September 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204634/exercise-for-athletes-with-inflammatory-arthritis
#18
REVIEW
Amy P Powell, Joy English
Advances in pharmacologic management of inflammatory conditions have allowed those living with these conditions to pursue fitness activities previously difficult due to functional limitations. With that said, many patients with inflammatory arthritis are still not active enough. In this article, we review specific exercise recommendations for a number of inflammatory conditions with a focus on overall health promotion and cardiovascular disease risk reduction, discuss exercise as an adjunct to pharmacologic disease management, and review potential risks of sport participation for athletes with inflammatory arthritis conditions...
September 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204633/return-to-play-after-thigh-muscle-injury-utility-of-serial-ultrasound-in-guiding-clinical-progression
#19
Mederic M Hall
Return to play after thigh muscle strain injury is difficult to predict and recurrent injury rates are high. There is currently no agreement on the optimal return to play protocol following muscle injury and utility of imaging is debated. Ultrasound has become an increasingly utilized imaging modality and offers several potential advantages for monitoring the return to play process following muscle injury. An ultrasound scanning protocol is presented which provides real-time guidance on muscle healing and may assist with identification of those athletes at risk of reinjury who otherwise appear clinically fit for return to play...
September 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204632/myositis-ossificans-in-sport-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Zachary Devilbiss, Matthew Hess, Garry W K Ho
Myositis ossificans is a benign, solitary, frequently self-limiting, ossifying soft-tissue mass encountered often in the active sporting population. Typically occurring within skeletal muscle - most often the brachialis, quadriceps and adductor muscle groups - lesions may arise with or without a traumatic history. The exact pathophysiology of these ossifying lesions is still poorly understood. Patients present with localized pain and swelling with loss of range of motion. Plain radiographs may not be able to detect early lesions, which allows for an expanded role of ultrasonography as an early screening modality, despite magnetic resonance imaging remaining the gold standard for imaging of soft tissue masses...
September 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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