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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

Mona Sharar, Essa M Saied, Mario C Rodriguez, Christoph Arenz, Maria Montes-Bayón, Michael W Linscheid
Oxidative transformation of cysteine thiol groups into different functional groups is considered a significant posttranslational modification of great importance in pathological and physiological processes. A cysteine sulfenic acid (SA) residue is the transient state for thiol group oxidation and it can react with free thiols to form disulfide bonds or can be further oxidized with reactive oxygen/reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) to form sulfinic and sulfonic acids. The increase in ROS/RNS concentrations is correlated to age-related diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer's disease...
January 17, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Carlos Almeida, Samir M Ahmad, José Manuel F Nogueira
In the present work, bar adsorptive microextraction using miniaturized devices (7.5 × 3.0 mm) coated with suitable sorbent phases, combined with microliquid desorption (100 μL) followed by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (BAμE-μLD/HPLC-DAD), is proposed for the determination of trace level of six pharmaceuticals (furosemide, mebeverine, ketoprofen, naproxen, diclofenac and mefenamic acid) in environmental water and urine matrices. By comparing ten distinct sorbent materials (five polymeric and five activated carbons), the polymer P5 proved to be the most suitable to achieve the best selectivity and efficiency...
January 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Panxue Wang, Shintaro Pang, Brooke Pearson, Yayoi Chujo, Lynne McLandsborough, Mingtao Fan, Lili He
A novel method was developed to rapidly concentrate, detect, and differentiate bacteria in skimmed milk using surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) mapping on 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (4-MPBA) functionalized silver (Ag) dendrites. The 4-MPBA functionalized Ag dendritic SERS substrate was used to capture the bacterial cells and enhance the bacterial signal. Salmonella, a significantly important food pathogen, was used as the representative strain to optimize and evaluate the developed method. The capture efficiency for Salmonella enterica subsp enterica BAA1045 (SE1045) was 84...
January 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Kenichiro Furuki, Toshimasa Toyo'oka, Kazutoshi Ban
When developing biopharmaceuticals, glycans are the most important posttranslational protein modifications that must be addressed because they affect the between-protein interactions that maintain homeostasis. The glycan profile may be defined as a critical quality attribute of a biopharmaceutical. Comprehensive analysis of protein glycosylation must overcome challenges such as the release, labelling, separation and detection of O-glycans. In contrast, N-glycans can be readily released non-reductively from peptide backbones using an enzyme such as peptide N-glycosidase F...
January 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Claudia Frank, Christine Brauckmann, Marie Palos, Cristian G Arsene, Joerg Neukammer, Maria Estela Del Castillo Busto, Sabine Zakel, Claudia Swart, Bernd Güttler, Rainer Stosch
The total haemoglobin (Hb) concentration in blood is one of the most frequently measured analytes in clinical medicine because of its significance for evaluating the health state of a human. The spectrophotometric cyanmethaemoglobin (HiCN) method is the internationally accepted conventional reference method to determine this biomarker. It is frequently used in clinical routine diagnostics but is not traceable to the International System of Units and thus does not meet highest metrological demands. A further critical issue is the toxicity of the necessary potassium cyanide...
January 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Ondřej Hodek, Tomáš Křížek, Pavel Coufal, Helena Ryšlavá
In this study, we optimized a method for the determination of free amino acids in Nicotiana tabacum leaves. Capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detector was used for the separation of 20 proteinogenic amino acids in acidic background electrolyte. Subsequently, the conditions of extraction with HCl were optimized for the highest extraction yield of the amino acids because sample treatment of plant materials brings some specific challenges. Central composite face-centered design with fractional factorial design was used in order to evaluate the significance of selected factors (HCl volume, HCl concentration, sonication, shaking) on the extraction process...
January 13, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Huili Fu, Zhongyin Ji, Xuejie Chen, Anwei Cheng, Shucheng Liu, Peiwei Gong, Guoliang Li, Guang Chen, Zhiwei Sun, Xianen Zhao, Feng Cheng, Jinmao You
Herein, we first reported a facile synthesis method for fabrication of highly photoluminescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) using sodium alginate as the carbon source and histidine as both the nitrogen source and functional monomer by one-pot hydrothermal synthesis. The as-prepared CQDs gave a high quantum yield of 32%. By employing the new CQDs and rhodamine B (RhB), we demonstrated a simple, facile, sensitive, and accurate ratiometric sensor for detection of Hg(2+) and biological thiols. The photoluminescence of CQDs in the ratiometric sensor can be selectively and intensively suppressed by Hg(2+) due to strong electrostatic interaction between the surface functional groups of the CQDs and Hg(2+)...
January 13, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Iker Marcaida, Maite Maguregui, Héctor Morillas, Cristina García-Florentino, Valentina Pintus, Tomás Aguayo, Marcelo Campos-Vallette, Juan Manuel Madariaga
The study and characterization of old artifacts such as pigments requires the use of techniques that need a small amount of sample to perform the analysis because of the high value of these samples. In recent years, organic molecules such as anthraquinone dyes have been identified by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). However, different sample treatments must be applied to isolate the organic dye from the mordant, which produces great fluorescence in the Raman measurements. In this work, optimization of sample treatment for the SERS analysis of anthraquinone dyes was performed...
January 13, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Haijuan Zhang, Xin Qiao, Tianpei Cai, Jia Chen, Zhan Li, Hongdeng Qiu
In this paper, N-doped carbon dots (NCDs) were successfully decorated on the spherical porous silica surface in deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as a novel class of green solvents. The appropriate density and hydrophility of DESs guaranteed the fine dispersibility of silica particles and NCDs, resulting in a homogeneous and thin layer of NCDs immobilization. As compared with traditional organic solvents (DMF and THF), higher surface coverage was obtained in the medium of DES, proving its feasibility as a new kind of alternative solvent for hydrophilic nanomaterial-based surface modification of silica spheres...
January 13, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Rico Schmidt, Andrea Sinz
Chemical cross-linking/mass spectrometry (MS) is gradually developing into a routine method to investigate protein conformation and to decipher protein interaction networks. To increase identification rates of the frequently low abundant cross-linked products in LC/MS/MS experiments, fast and reliable sample preparation protocols are indispensable. We present simplified solid phase extraction methods using C18/SCX StageTips and mixed-mode OASIS MCX cartridges for a single-step enrichment of cross-linked products prior to LC/MS/MS analysis...
January 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Monica Mattarozzi, Marcello Manfredi, Barbara Montanini, Fabio Gosetti, Anna Maria Sanangelantoni, Emilio Marengo, Maria Careri, Giovanna Visioli
A metaproteomic approach, based on liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) analysis, was followed to map the major bacterial metabolic functions associated with the rhizosphere of metal-tolerant and metal hyperaccumulator plants, growing in a serpentine soil naturally contaminated by heavy metals such as Ni, Co and Cr. In particular, an "in-house" bacterial protein database was built based on the genera recognised by 16S rDNA profiling, then it was used for protein identification from LC-MS data...
January 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jente Boelaert, Frédéric Lynen, Griet Glorieux, Eva Schepers, Nathalie Neirynck, Raymond Vanholder
A typical characteristic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years with the concomitant accumulation of uremic retention solutes in the body. Known biomarkers for the kidney deterioration, such as serum creatinine or urinary albumin, do not allow effective early detection of CKD, which is essential towards disease management. In this work, a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric (HILIC-TOF MS) platform was optimized allowing the search for novel uremic retention solutes and/or biomarkers of CKD...
January 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Borros Arneth, Martin Hintz
Newborn screening is performed using modern tandem mass spectrometry, which can simultaneously detect a variety of analytes, including several amino acids and fatty acids. Tandem mass spectrometry measures the diagnostic parameters as absolute concentrations and produces fragments which are used as markers of specific substances. Several prominent quotients can also be derived, which are quotients of two absolute measured concentrations. In this study, we determined the precision of both the absolute concentrations and the derived quotients...
January 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Giorgia La Barbera, Anna Laura Capriotti, Chiara Cavaliere, Susy Piovesana, Roberto Samperi, Riccardo Zenezini Chiozzi, Aldo Laganà
The aim of metabolic untargeted profiling is to detect and identify unknown compounds in a biological matrix to achieve the most comprehensive metabolic coverage. In phytochemical mixtures, however, the complexity of the sample could present significant difficulties in compound identification. In this case, the optimization of both the chromatographic and the mass-spectrometric conditions is supposed to be crucial for the detection and identification of the largest number of compounds. In this work, a systematic investigation of different chromatographic and mass-spectrometric conditions is presented to achieve a comprehensive untargeted profiling of a strawberry extract (Fragaria × ananassa)...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Gurpreet Kaur, Monika Tomar, Vinay Gupta
Nanostructured nickel oxide (NiO) thin film has been explored as a matrix to develop a reagentless biosensor for free and total cholesterol as well as low density lipoprotein (LDL) detection. The redox property of the matrix has been exploited to enhance the electron transfer between the enzyme and the electrode as well as to eliminate the toxic mediator in solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were carried out to characterize the NiO thin film...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Caterina Peggion, Maria Lina Massimino, Giancarlo Biancotto, Roberto Angeletti, Carlo Reggiani, Maria Catia Sorgato, Alessandro Bertoli, Roberto Stella
Skeletal muscle fibers contain different isoforms of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) that define distinctive contractile properties. In light of the muscle capacity to adapt MyHC expression to pathophysiological conditions, a rapid and quantitative assessment of MyHC isoforms in small muscle tissue quantities would represent a valuable diagnostic tool for (neuro)muscular diseases. As past protocols did not meet these requirements, in the present study we applied a targeted proteomic approach based on selected reaction monitoring that allowed the absolute quantification of slow and fast MyHC isoforms in different mouse skeletal muscles with high reproducibility...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Heping Wang, Fenglong Jiao, Fangyuan Gao, Xinyuan Zhao, Yan Zhao, Yehua Shen, Yangjun Zhang, Xiaohong Qian
Deep and efficient proteolysis is the critical premise in mass spectrometry-based bottom-up proteomics. It is difficult for traditional in-solution digestion to meet the requirement unless prolonged digestion time and enhanced enzyme dosage are employed, which makes the whole workflow time-consuming and costly. The abovementioned problems could be effectively ameliorated by anchoring many proteases on solid supports. In this work, covalent organic framework-coated magnetic graphene (MG@TpPa-1) was designed and prepared as a novel enzyme carrier for the covalent immobilization of trypsin with a high degree of loading (up to 268 μg mg(-1))...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Esme Candish, Aminreza Khodabandeh, Marianne Gaborieau, Thomas Rodemann, Robert A Shellie, Andrew A Gooley, Emily F Hilder
Non-specific protein adsorption on hydrophobic solid phase extraction (SPE) adsorbents can reduce the efficacy of purification. To improve sample clean-up, poly(divinyl benzene) (PDVB) monoliths grafted with hydrophilic polyethylene glycol methacrylate (PEGMA) were developed. Residual vinyl groups (RVGs) of the PDVB were employed as anchor points for PEGMA grafting. Two PEGMA monomers, M n 360 and 950, were compared for graft solutions containing 5-20% monomer. Protein binding was qualitatively screened using fluorescently labeled human serum albumin (HSA) to determine optimal PEGMA concentration...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Carolyn A Raymond, Noel W Davies, Tony Larkman
Tea tree oil distilled from Melaleuca alternifolia has widespread use in the cosmetic industry as an antimicrobial as well as for other functions in topical products. Concerns were first raised by the European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Products in 2004 about the level of the potentially carcinogenic phenylpropanoid compound methyl eugenol in tea tree oil. Limits on oil content in different types of cosmetic products were set based on a reported upper level of 0.9% methyl eugenol in the oil...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Tomasz Sawoszczuk, Justyna Syguła-Cholewińska, Julio M Del Hoyo-Meléndez
The goal of this work was to analyse the profile of microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) emitted by moulds growing on parchment samples, in search of particular volatiles mentioned in the literature as indicators of active mould growth. First, the growth of various moulds on samples of parchment was assessed. Those species that showed collagenolytic activity were then inoculated on two types of media: samples of parchment placed on media and on media containing amino acids that are elements of the structure of collagen...
January 11, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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