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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

Mohamed O Amin, Metwally Madkour, Entesar Al-Hetlani
We explored the applicability of different metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs; ZnO, TiO2 , Fe2 O3 , and CeO2 ) for the optical imaging and mass spectrometric determination of small drug molecules in latent fingerprints (LFPs). Optical imaging was achieved using a dry method-simply dusting the LFPs with a minute amount of NP powder-and still images were captured using a digital microscope and a smartphone camera. Mass spectrometric determination was performed using the NPs as substrates for surface-assisted laser desorption ionization/mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS), which enabled the detection of small drug molecules with high signal intensities...
May 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Tina M Binz, Franziska Gaehler, Clarissa D Voegel, Mathias Hofmann, Markus R Baumgartner, Thomas Kraemer
Hair samples are increasingly used for measuring the long-term stress mediator cortisol. However, hair is not always available and nails (finger or toe), as a keratinized matrix, may be an alternative to hair. In order to measure cortisol and cortisone in the nail matrix, an LC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated using 13 C3 -labeled surrogate analytes. Both analytes were measured in ESI negative mode as formic acid adducts. Different sample preparation techniques were assessed, and single-step extraction in methanol was established for determination of cortisone and cortisol in the nail matrix...
May 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jelena Čolović, Milena Rmandić, Anđelija Malenović
Numerous stationary phases have been developed with the aim to provide desired performances during chromatographic analysis of the basic solutes in their protonated form. In this work, the procedure for the characterization of bonded stationary phase performance, when both qualitative and quantitative chromatographic factors were varied in chaotropic chromatography, was proposed. Risperidone and its three impurities were selected as model substances, while acetonitrile content in the mobile phase (20-30%), the pH of the aqueous phase (3...
May 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jared L Anderson, Kevin D Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Daniel G Beach, Elliott S Kerrin, Krista Thomas, Michael A Quilliam, Pearse McCarron
Polar marine toxins are more challenging to analyze by mass spectrometry-based methods than lipophilic marine toxins, which are now routinely measured in shellfish by multiclass reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) methods. Capillary electrophoresis (CE)-MS/MS is a technique that is well suited for the analysis of polar marine toxins, and has the potential of providing very high resolution separation. Here, we present a CE-MS/MS method developed, with use of a custom-built interface, for the sensitive multiclass analysis of paralytic shellfish toxins, tetrodotoxins, and domoic acid in seafood...
May 16, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Hannes Puntscher, Mary-Liis Kütt, Philipp Skrinjar, Hannes Mikula, Joachim Podlech, Johannes Fröhlich, Doris Marko, Benedikt Warth
Mycotoxins produced by Alternaria fungi are ubiquitous food contaminants, but analytical methods for generating comprehensive exposure data are rare. We describe the development of an LC-MS/MS method covering 17 toxins for investigating the natural occurrence of free and modified Alternaria toxins in tomato sauce, sunflower seed oil, and wheat flour. Target analytes included alternariol (AOH), AOH-3-glucoside, AOH-9-glucoside, AOH-3-sulfate, alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), AME-3-glucoside, AME-3-sulfate, altenuene, isoaltenuene, tenuazonic acid (TeA), tentoxin (TEN), altertoxin I and II, alterperylenol, stemphyltoxin III, altenusin, and altenuic acid III...
May 16, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Melissa M Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Fengyang Wang, Yingying Zhu, Jie Xu, Zhiai Xu, Guiying Cheng, Wen Zhang
Cysteine (Cys) is a bithiol that plays a vital role in many physiological processes. However, it is difficult to discriminate Cys from homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH), due to their similar chemical structures and reactivity. Herein, we have developed a polymeric nanoprobe, nanoHFA, for ratiometric, highly selective, and sensitive detection of Cys based on 7-hydroxycoumarin-3-carboxylic acid (HC) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-acrylate (FITC-A) group-functionalized lipopolymer DSPE-PEG. The probe nanoHFA showed a strong fluorescence emission peak centered at 450 nm attributed to HC and a weak fluorescence emission peak centered at 520 nm due to the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) process of FITC induced by acrylate group...
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Cong Kong, Yang Wang, Yuanfei Huang, Huijuan Yu
A quick screening method of more than 200 pharmaceutical and other residues in aquatic foods based on ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q/Orbitrap MS) was established. In this method, after the addition of 200 μL of 1 M EDTA-Na2 , 2 g of each sample homogenate was extracted successively with 10 mL of acetonitrile and 10 mL of ethyl acetate. The extracts were combined, dried under nitrogen flow, and redissolved in 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile/water (4:6, v/v) for analysis...
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Wenjing Xi, Hoa T Phan, Amanda J Haes
Unwanted nanoparticle aggregation and/or agglomeration may occur when anisotropic nanoparticles are dispersed in various solvents and matrices. While extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory has been successfully applied to predict nanoparticle stability in solution, this model fails to accurately predict the physical stability of anisotropic nanostructures; thus limiting its applicability in practice. Herein, DLVO theory was used to accurately predict gold nanostar stability in solution by investigating how the choice of the nanostar dimension considered in calculations influences the calculated attractive and repulsive interactions between nanostructures...
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Héctor Martínez Pérez-Cejuela, Isabel Ten-Doménech, Jamal El Haskouri, Pedro Amorós, Ernesto F Simó-Alfonso, José Manuel Herrero-Martínez
In this study, mesoporous silica materials (MSMs) with bimodal pore systems (namely, UVM-7), MCM-41 silica, and a commercial silica-based material were evaluated as solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbents for the isolation of phospholipids (PLs) using phosphatidylcholine as a test compound. Morphological characterization (including TEM, surface, and size pore measurements) of these materials was carried out. The mechanism of interaction of the target analyte with the MSMs was also studied. With regard to the SPE process, several experimental parameters that affect the extraction performance (e...
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Chao Guo, Dongmei Li, Cuimei Liu, Zhenpeng Guo, Yi Chen
It remains an issue to directly quantify trace biologically important carboxyl compounds in body fluids. Herein we propose an innovative method to determine α-lipoic acid, 2-(β-carboxyethyl)-6-hydroxy-2,7,8-trimethylchroman, prostaglandin E2 , cholic acid, and chenodeoxycholic acid in saliva. The method consists of two successive steps: fast and direct labeling of the target analytes with N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide followed by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis...
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Steven J Lehotay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Seungkuk Ahn, Herdeline Ann M Ardoña, Johan U Lind, Feyisayo Eweje, Sean L Kim, Grant M Gonzalez, Qihan Liu, John F Zimmerman, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Zhenyuan Zhang, Juan Beltran-Huarac, Paul Carpinone, Brij M Moudgil, Philip Demokritou, Kevin Kit Parker
Due to the unique physicochemical properties exhibited by materials with nanoscale dimensions, there is currently a continuous increase in the number of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) used in consumer goods. However, several reports associate ENM exposure to negative health outcomes such as cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, understanding the pathological consequences of ENM exposure represents an important challenge, requiring model systems that can provide mechanistic insights across different levels of ENM-based toxicity...
May 10, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Boudewijn Hollebrands, Eftychia Varvaki, Sonja Kaal, Hans-Gerd Janssen
Lipid oxidation reactions in foods rich in healthy unsaturated fatty acids result in the formation of a wide range of oxidation products that can have adverse effects on food quality and safety. To improve the understanding of oxidation reactions and methods for their inhibition, detailed information on the type and levels of the oxidation products formed is required. Accurate measurement of lipid oxidation products, especially of the non-volatile aldehyde products, has so far been a challenge due to the low sensitivity and limited specificity of most analytical methods...
May 10, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jiayan Du, Mengxin Zhao, Wei Huang, Yuequan Deng, Yi He
We report a molybdenum oxide (MoO3 ) nanomaterial-based three-input logic gate that uses Sn2+ , NO2 - , and H+ ions as inputs. Under acidic conditions, Sn2+ is able to reduce MoO3 nanosheets, generating oxygen-vacancy-rich MoO3-x nanomaterials along with strong localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and an intense blue solution as the output signal. When NO2 - is introduced, the redox reaction between the MoO3 nanosheets and Sn2+ is strongly inhibited because the NO2 - consumes both H+ and Sn2+ . The three-input logic gate was employed for the visual colorimetric detection of Sn2+ and NO2 - under different input states...
May 9, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Georgios Theophilou, Camilo L M Morais, Diane E Halliwell, Kássio M G Lima, Josephine Drury, Pierre L Martin-Hirsch, Helen F Stringfellow, Dharani K Hapangama, Francis L Martin
The cyclical process of regeneration of the endometrium suggests that it may contain a cell population that can provide daughter cells with high proliferative potential. These cell lineages are clinically significant as they may represent clonogenic cells that may also be involved in tumourigenesis as well as endometriotic lesion development. To determine whether the putative stem cell location within human uterine tissue can be derived using vibrational spectroscopy techniques, normal endometrial tissue was interrogated by two spectroscopic techniques...
May 9, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Siddabasave Gowda B Gowda, Kazutaka Ikeda, Makoto Arita
Extraction and analysis of sphingolipids from biological samples is a critical step in lipidomics, especially for minor species such as sphingoid bases and sphingosine-1-phosphate. Although several liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry methods enabling the determination of sphingolipid molecular species have been reported, they were limited in analytical sensitivity and reproducibility by causing significant peak tailing, especially by the presence of phosphate groups, and most of the extraction techniques are laborious and do not cover a broad range of sphingolipid metabolites...
May 9, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Urairat Koesukwiwat, Lukas Vaclavik, Katerina Mastovska
According to the European Commission directive 2006/141/EC, haloxyfop residue levels should not exceed 0.003 mg/kg in ready-to-feed infant formula, and the residue definition includes sum of haloxyfop, its esters, salts, and conjugates expressed as haloxyfop. A simple method for total haloxyfop analysis in infant formula and related ingredient matrices was developed and validated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The sample preparation consisted of an alkaline hydrolysis with methanolic sodium hydroxide to release haloxyfop (parent acid) from its bound forms prior to the extraction with acetonitrile...
May 8, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Hideaki Nakamura
In Part I of the present review series, I presented the current state of the water environment by focusing on Japanese cases and discussed the need to further develop microbial biosensor technologies for the actual water environment. I comprehensively present trends after approximately 2010 in microbial biosensor development for the water environment. In the first section, after briefly summarizing historical studies, recent studies on microbial biosensor principles are introduced. In the second section, recent application studies for the water environment are also introduced...
May 8, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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