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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318341/caregivers-advice-and-children-s-bystander-behaviors-during-bullying-incidents
#2
Stevie N Grassetti, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa A Smith, Megan K Bookhout, Lauren E Swift, Michael J Gawrysiak
Many bullying prevention programs take a bystander approach, which encourages children to intervene when they are bystanders to bullying incidents. Little is known about how caregivers' advice to children might promote or undermine the positive bystander behaviors targeted by these programs. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to investigate relations between caregivers' advice and children's bystander behavior during bullying situations. Participants were 106 racially/ethnically diverse 4th- and 5th-grade students (M age = 10...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318338/latent-class-profiles-of-anxiety-symptom-trajectories-from-preschool-through-school-age
#3
Sarah J Kertz, Chad Sylvester, Rebecca Tillman, Joan L Luby
Anxiety typically arises early in childhood and decreases during school age. However, little is known about the earlier developmental course of anxiety in preschool, especially in at risk children, posing a clinically important problem. Given that anxiety in youth has a chronic course for some and also predicts later development of other mental health problems, it is important to identify factors early in development that may predict chronic anxiety symptoms. At-risk children (oversampled for depression) and caregivers completed 6 assessment waves beginning at preschool age (between 3-5...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318335/the-cognitive-affective-and-somatic-empathy-scales-cases-for-children
#4
Adrian Raine, Frances R Chen
Although the assessment of empathy has moved from general empathy to differentiating between cognitive and affective empathy, no instruments have assessed somatic (motor) empathy, and none have separated positive from negative affect empathy. The main objective of this study was to develop a 30-item self-report cognitive, affective, and somatic empathy scale (CASES) with positive and negative affect components for use with children and adolescents. A community sample of 428 male and female 11-year-olds completed the CASES together with validity questionnaires and were assessed on IQ...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318325/emergent-life-events-during-youth-evidence-based-treatment-impact-on-future-provider-adherence-and-clinical-progress
#5
Karen Guan, Alayna L Park, Bruce F Chorpita
Emergent life events (ELEs)-unexpected stressors disclosed in psychotherapy that have a significant negative impact on the client-commonly occur in community populations of youth and are associated with decreased provider adherence to evidence-based treatment (EBT) in session. The present study extends previous research by examining longer term associations of ELEs with (a) provider adherence to planned EBT practices in subsequent sessions and (b) clinical progress. Data were drawn from the modular EBT condition (MATCH) of the Child STEPs California trial conducted with primarily Latino youth, ages 5-15, who were 54% male (Chorpita et al...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318309/the-moderating-effect-of-risk-exposure-on-an-efficacious-intervention-for-maltreated-children
#6
Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
The current study extends research on the impact of the Fostering Healthy Futures program (Taussig & Culhane, 2010), a 9-month mentoring and skills group preventive intervention for maltreated children, by examining whether the effect of Fostering Healthy Futures is moderated by children's baseline risk exposure (i.e., number of adverse childhood experiences). Participants included 156 racially and ethnically diverse children (ages 9-11, 50.7% female) recently placed in foster care due to maltreatment who were randomized to intervention or control conditions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287828/testing-multiple-conceptualizations-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-youth
#7
Thomas H Ollendick, Jordan A Booker, Sarah Ryan, Ross W Greene
Recent theories conceptualize oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) as a two-dimensional construct with angry/irritable (i.e., affective) and argumentative/defiant (i.e., behavioral) components. This view has been supported by studies of nonreferred youth but not yet examined in clinic-referred youth. In a reanalysis of data regarding children who received one of two psychosocial ODD treatments, we examined multiple conceptualizations of ODD, whether children showed improvements across these ODD dimensions, and whether main and joint effects of ODD dimension improvement predicted clinical outcome...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287826/honing-in-on-the-social-difficulties-associated-with-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-withdrawal-peer-ignoring-and-low-engagement
#8
Stephen P Becker, Annie A Garner, Leanne Tamm, Tanya N Antonini, Jeffery N Epstein
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms are associated with social difficulties in children, though findings are mixed and many studies have used global measures of social impairment. The present study tested the hypothesis that SCT would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by withdrawal and isolation, whereas attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by inappropriate responding in social situations and active peer exclusion...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278594/neural-processing-of-threat-cues-in-young-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#9
Chaia Flegenheimer, Claudia Lugo-Candelas, Elizabeth Harvey, Jennifer M McDermott
A growing literature indicates that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves difficulty processing threat-related emotion faces. This deficit is especially important to understand in young children, as threat emotion processing is related to the development of social skills and related behavioral regulation. Therefore, the current study aimed to better understand the neural basis of this processing in young children with ADHD symptoms. Forty-seven children between 4 and 7 years of age were included in the analysis, 28 typical developing and 19 with clinically significant levels of ADHD hyperactive/impulsive symptoms...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278597/a-digital-feedback-system-to-support-implementation-of-measurement-based-care-by-school-based-mental-health-clinicians
#10
Aaron R Lyon, Michael D Pullmann, Kelly Whitaker, Kristy Ludwig, Jessica Knaster Wasse, Elizabeth McCauley
Evidence supports the utility of measurement-based care (MBC) to improve youth mental health outcomes, but clinicians rarely engage in MBC practices. Digital measurement feedback systems (MFS) may reflect a feasible strategy to support MBC adoption and sustainment. This pilot study was initiated to evaluate the impact of a MFS and brief consultation supports to facilitate MBC uptake and sustainment among mental health clinicians in the education sector, the most common mental health service delivery setting for youth...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278596/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-casi-4r-depression-subscale-for-identifying-youth-mood-disorders
#11
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278595/father-and-youth-reported-family-affective-expression-differentially-predicts-youth-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#12
Jill A Rabinowitz, Ijeoma Osigwe, Ashley Byrne, Deborah A G Drabick, Maureen D Reynolds
Temperamental approach is associated with adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Negative family affective expression, or problematic communication about emotions, is also associated with youth's risk for symptoms. However, it is unclear whether negative family affective expression differentially predicts symptoms based on (a) youth's temperamental approach and (b) informants' perceptions of negative family affective expression. To address these issues, we explored whether mother-, father-, and youth-reported negative family affective expression moderated the relation between youth temperamental approach and symptoms...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278601/age-4-predictors-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-early-grammar-school
#13
John V Lavigne, Fred B Bryant, Joyce Hopkins, Karen R Gouze
Our ability to predict which children will exhibit oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) at the time of entry into grammar school at age 6 lags behind our understanding of the risk factors for ODD. This study examined how well a set of multidomain risk factors for ODD assessed in 4-year-old children predicted age 6 ODD diagnostic status. Participants were a diverse sample of 796 4-year-old children (391 boys).The sample was 54% White, non-Hispanic; 16.8% African American, 20.4% Hispanic; 2.4% Asian; and 4.4% Other or mixed race...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278600/parenting-stress-among-caregivers-of-children-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#14
Guillermo Perez Algorta, Heather A MacPherson, Eric A Youngstrom, Caroline C Belt, L Eugene Arnold, Thomas W Frazier, H Gerry Taylor, Boris Birmaher, Sarah McCue Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Mary A Fristad
Caregivers of psychiatrically impaired children experience considerable parenting stress. However, no research has evaluated parenting stress within the context of pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD). Thus, the aim of this investigation was to identify predictors and moderators of stress among caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Participants included 640 children and their caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms cohort. Children had a mean age of 9...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278599/mediators-of-treatment-outcomes-for-anxious-children-and-adolescents-the-role-of-somatic-symptoms
#15
Amy E Hale, Golda S Ginsburg, Grace Chan, Philip C Kendall, James T McCracken, Dara Sakolsky, Boris Birmaher, Scott N Compton, Anne Marie Albano, John T Walkup
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are effective treatments for pediatric anxiety disorders. However, the mechanisms of these treatments are unknown. Previous research indicated that somatic symptoms are reduced following treatment, but it is unclear if their reductions are merely a consequence of treatment gains. This study examined reductions in somatic symptoms as a potential mediator of the relationship between treatment and anxiety outcomes. Participants were 488 anxious youth ages 7-17 (M = 10...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278598/transactional-associations-among-maternal-depression-parent-child-coercion-and-child-conduct-problems-during-early-childhood
#16
Katherine A Hails, Julia D Reuben, Daniel S Shaw, Thomas J Dishion, Melvin N Wilson
Maternal depression is among the most consistent and well-replicated risk factors for negative child outcomes, particularly in early childhood. Although children of depressed mothers are at an increased risk of adjustment problems, conversely, children with emotional or behavioral problems also have been found to adversely compromise maternal functioning, including increasing maternal depression. The purpose of this investigation was to examine transactional associations among maternal depression, parent-child coercive interaction, and children's conduct and emotional problems in early childhood using a cross-lagged panel model...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278603/stepping-up-sticking-together-military-adolescents-support-of-their-civilian-parents-and-concurrent-depression-symptoms
#17
Aubrey J Rodriguez, Gayla Margolin
The purposes of this study were to assess the ways adolescents in active-duty military families provide emotional and instrumental support to civilian mothers and to investigate the implications of such support for their own symptoms of depression. Eighty adolescents from active-duty military families provided self-report ratings of emotional and instrumental support rendered to their civilian mothers. Mother-adolescent dyads engaged in a 10-min discussion of military experiences, which was coded for adolescents' emotional validation of their mothers...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278602/components-analyses-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-depression
#18
Prerna G Arora, Courtney N Baker, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Kevin D Stark
The current study sought to build upon research on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as the first-line treatment for depressed youth by investigating the effects of the various components of a CBT treatment on changes in depressive symptoms in young female participants. Female participants 9-14 years of age (n = 40; M age = 10.58 years) with a diagnosis of a depressive disorder from the CBT-only treatment condition of a larger randomized clinical trial were included in the current study. Participants engaged in a 20-session, 11-week, school-based CBT group intervention (ACTION Treatment; Stark et al...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151019/cbt-enhanced-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-of-improvement-for-childhood-irritability
#19
Olivia J Derella, Oliver G Johnston, Rolf Loeber, Jeffrey D Burke
Research supports the clinical importance of childhood irritability, as well as its developmental implications for later anxiety and depression. Appropriate treatment may prevent this progression; however, little evidence exists to guide clinician decision making regarding treatment for chronic irritability symptoms. Given the empirical support for irritability as a dimension of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), behavioral interventions that improve ODD symptoms, especially through emotion regulation training, are strong candidates for identifying effective treatment strategies for irritability...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145769/perceived-peer-victimization-predicts-anxiety-outcomes-in-a-prevention-program-for-offspring-of-anxious-parents
#20
Jessica L Schleider, Golda S Ginsburg, Kelly Drake
Offspring of anxious parents are at heightened risk for developing anxiety disorders. Preventive interventions for these youths are promising but not universally effective, creating a need to identify outcome predictors. Peer experiences (e.g., peer victimization, social support) are associated with youth anxiety trajectories but have been relatively unexplored in this context. Thus, this study tested whether peer experiences predicted anxiety-related outcomes in families participating in a randomized controlled trial of a child anxiety prevention program for families with a clinically anxious parent...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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