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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

Eva R Kimonis, Georgette Fleming, Nancy Briggs, Lauren Brouwer-French, Paul J Frick, David J Hawes, Daniel M Bagner, Rae Thomas, Mark Dadds
Children with co-occurring conduct problems and callous-unemotional (CU) traits show a distinct pattern of early starting, chronic, and aggressive antisocial behaviors that are resistant to traditional parent-training interventions. The aim of this study was to examine in an open trial the acceptability and initial outcomes of a novel adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, called PCIT-CU, designed to target 3 distinct deficits of children with CU traits. Twenty-three Australian families with a 3- to 6-year-old (M age = 4...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jami F Young, Jason D Jones, Marissa D Sbrilli, Jessica S Benas, Carolyn N Spiro, Caroline A Haimm, Robert Gallop, Laura Mufson, Jane E Gillham
Adolescence represents a vulnerable developmental period for depression and an opportune time for prevention efforts. In this study, 186 adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms (M age = 14.01, SD = 1.22; 66.7% female; 32.2% racial minority) were randomized to receive either Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training (IPT-AST; n = 95) delivered by research clinicians or group counseling (GC; n = 91) delivered by school counselors. We previously reported the short-term outcomes of this school-based randomized controlled trial: IPT-AST youth experienced significantly greater improvements in depressive symptoms and overall functioning through 6-month follow-up...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Aurelie M C Lange, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Marc J M H Delsing, Jan J V Busschbach, Ron H J Scholte
Therapist adherence to the treatment manual is assumed to be crucial for adequate implementation and subsequent achievement of the intended, positive treatment outcomes. Although adherence has been mostly studied as a static factor, recent studies suggest that adherence might be dynamic and changes over time. We investigated how parent-perceived adherence to the multisystemic therapy (MST) model develops during treatment and how this development is related to treatment outcomes up to 18 months posttreatment, controlling for the effect of alliance...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Leslie A Rescorla, Mary C Blumenfeld, Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach, International Aseba Consortium
Our objective was to examine international similarities and differences in the Dysregulation Profile (DP) of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and Youth Self-Report (YSR) via comparisons of data from many societies. Primary samples were those studied by Rescorla et al. (2012): CBCL: N = 69,866, 42 societies; YSR: N = 38,070, 34 societies; TRF: N = 37,244, 27 societies. Omnicultural Q correlations of items composing the DP (from the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes) indicated considerable consistency across diverse societies with respect to which of the DP items tended to receive low, medium, or high ratings, whether ratings were provided by parents (M Q = ...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Aaron Hogue, Craig E Henderson, Sara J Becker, Danica K Knight
This article updates the evidence base on outpatient behavioral treatments for adolescent substance use (ASU) since publication of the previous review completed for this journal by Hogue, Henderson, Ozechowski, and Robbins (2014). It first summarizes the Hogue et al. findings along with those from recent literature reviews and meta-analytic studies of ASU treatments. It then presents study design and methods criteria used to select 11 comparative studies subjected to Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology level of support evaluation...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Nicholas J Wagner, Noa Gueron-Sela, Rachael Bedford, Cathi Propper
Social-information-processing theories of parenting posit that parents' beliefs and attributions about their children's behaviors contribute to how parents interact with their children. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between negative parenting attributions in infancy, harsh-intrusive parenting in toddlerhood, and children's internalizing problems (IPs) in early childhood. Using data from a diverse longitudinal study (n = 206), the current study used a structural equation modeling approach to test if mothers' negative attributions measured at 6 months predicted teacher ratings of children's IPs in 1st grade, as well as the extent to which observed harsh-intrusive parenting behaviors measured at ages 1, 2, and 3 years mediated this link...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
François Bilodeau, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Sylvana M Côté, Richard E Tremblay, Evelyne Touchette, Jacques Montplaisir, Michel Boivin
This study examined the moderating role of parental behaviors in the longitudinal link between peer victimization and sleep problems during preschool. The sample consisted of 1,181 children (594 girls) attending day care between the ages of 3 and 6 years. Participants were part of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a longitudinal study of child development led by the Institut de la Statistique du Quebec. Controlling for potential confounders, latent growth curve analyses revealed that the association between peer victimization and sleep problems varied depending on parents' behaviors...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Maya Massing-Schaffer, Sarah W Helms, Karen D Rudolph, George M Slavich, Paul D Hastings, Matteo Giletta, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
This study examined associations between multiple types of interpersonal and noninterpersonal stressors and the subsequent occurrence of suicide ideation and attempts among female adolescents. Adolescents ages 12 to 18 years old (n = 160) at elevated risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors were followed for 18 months, divided into two 9-month epochs for data analysis (Periods 1 and 2). Exposure to acute relational victimization, targeted rejection, nonspecified interpersonal, and noninterpersonal life stressors over the first 9-month epoch (Period 1) was assessed using semistructured interviews and an independent life stress rating team...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Sarah Vidal, Christian M Connell
This study examined the treatment effects of manualized parent-child focused evidence-based programs (EBPs), characterized by an emphasis on parental involvement and engagement, on functioning and problem severity among a statewide sample of children and adolescents referred to outpatient psychiatric clinic for serious and persistent disruptive behavior. Propensity score matching was employed to account for baseline differences between children and adolescents (Mage  = 8.4 years; 26% girls; 42% White, 10% Black, 42% Hispanic, 5% other) who received parent-child focused EBPs (treatment group; n = 220) and treatment-as-usual (comparison group; n = 2,543)...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Alexandra H Bettis, Lauren Henry, Kemar V Prussien, Allison Vreeland, Michele Smith, Laura H Adery, Bruce E Compas
Coping and emotion regulation are central features of risk and resilience in childhood and adolescence, but research on these constructs has relied on different methods of assessment. The current study aimed to bridge the gap between questionnaire and experimental methods of measuring secondary control coping strategies, specifically distraction and cognitive reappraisal, and examine associations with symptoms of anxiety and depression in youth. A community sample of 70 youth (ages 9-15) completed a novel experimental coping and emotion regulation paradigm and self-report measures of coping and emotion regulation and symptoms...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Cara J Kiff, Stephanie Ernestus, Araceli Gonzalez, Philip C Kendall, Anne Marie Albano, Scott N Compton, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg, Moira Rynn, John T Walkup, James McCracken, John Piacentini
Bioecological models of developmental psychopathology underscore the role of familial experiences of adversity and children's individual-level characteristics in heightening risk for pediatric anxiety through direct, combined, and interactive effects. To date, much of the existing research dedicated to pediatric anxiety disorders has largely been examined in bioecological models of diathesis-stress using community samples. This study extends our understanding of children's differential responsiveness to familial adversity by examining the diathesis-stress interaction of cumulative risk and children's individual-level vulnerabilities (negative affectivity and coping efficacy) within a clinic-referred treatment study for pediatric anxiety disorders...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Eline Aas, Tor Iversen, Tonje Holt, Silje M Ormhaug, Tine K Jensen
Traumatic events by young people can adversely affect their psychological and social well-being when left untreated. This can result in high costs for society. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is a cost-effective alternative to therapy as usual (TAU). Individual-level data were collected from 2008 to 2013, as part of a randomized control trial in Norwegian youth, 10-18 years of age, presenting with symptoms of posttraumatic stress (N = 156)...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Margrét Sigmarsdóttir, Marion S Forgatch, Edda Vikar Guðmundsdóttir, Örnólfur Thorlacius, Gøye Thorn Svendsen, Jolle Tjaden, Abigail H Gewirtz
This study evaluated the implementation outcomes of GenerationPMTO, an evidence-based parenting intervention for child and adolescent behavior problems, in three European countries. The implementation approach was full transfer, in which purveyors train a first generation (G1) of practitioners; adopting sites assume oversight, training, certification, and fidelity assessment for subsequent generations (Forgatch & DeGarmo, 2011; Forgatch & Gewirtz, 2017). Three hundred therapists participated in trainings in GenerationPMTO in Iceland, Denmark, and the Netherlands...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jennifer A Somers, Jessica L Borelli, Lori M Hilt
The emotion context-insensitivity hypothesis (ECI; Rottenberg et al., 2005) posits that depressive symptoms are associated with blunted emotional reactivity and is supported by the results of a meta-analysis (Bylsma et al., 2008). Yet it remains unclear how strongly ECI holds across emotional response domains, whether ECI operates similarly in male and female individuals, and whether this pattern of underreactivity is observed in youth. In contrast, rumination, a cognitive style strongly associated with depressive symptoms, may be associated with heightened reactivity...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Dana L McMakin, Emily J Ricketts, Erika E Forbes, Jennifer S Silk, Cecile D Ladouceur, Greg J Siegle, Melissa Milbert, Laura Trubnick, Jennifer C Cousins, Neal D Ryan, Allison G Harvey, Ronald E Dahl
Sleep disturbance is prevalent in anxious youth and prospectively predicts poor emotional adjustment in adolescence. Study 1 examined whether anxiety treatment improves subjective and objective sleep disturbance in anxious youth. Study 2 examined whether a sleep intervention called Sleeping TIGERS can further improve sleep following anxiety treatment. Study 1 examined 133 youth (ages 9-14; 56% female; 11% ethnic/racial minority) with generalized, social, or separation anxiety over the course of anxiety treatment (cognitive behavioral treatment or client-centered treatment)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Shoou-Lian Hwang-Gu, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Yu-Chi Chen, Yu-Han Tseng, Wen-Yau Hsu, Miao-Chun Chou, Wen-Jun Chou, Yu-Yu Wu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Increased intrasubject variability in reaction times (RT-ISV) is frequently found in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, how dimensional attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms impact RT-ISV in individuals with ASD remains elusive. We assessed 97 high-functioning youths with co-occurring ASD and ADHD (ASD+ADHD), 124 high-functioning youths with ASD only, 98 youths with ADHD only, and 249 typically developing youths, 8-18 years of age, using the Conners Continuous Performance Test (CCPT)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kiera M James, Max Owens, Mary L Woody, Nathan T Hall, Brandon E Gibb
There is growing evidence for the role of environmental influences on children's information-processing biases for affectively salient stimuli. The goal of this study was to extend this research by examining the relation between parental criticism (expressed emotion-criticism, or EE-Crit) and children's processing of facial displays of emotion. Specifically, we examined the relation between EE-Crit and children's sensitivity in detecting facial displays of emotion. We also examined a neural marker of sustained attention, the late positive potential (LPP) event-related potential component (ERP)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Nicholas D Mian, Timothy W Soto, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, Alice S Carter
Although it is well-established that young children experience significant psychopathology, diagnostic decisions continue to be challenging, in part due to the way impairment is understood, defined, and measured. Most existing clinical tools assess impairment in an individualized manner, whereas for many young children, impairment is more accurately conceptualized as a family-oriented, multidimensional construct, impacting various parental and family activities. Two studies were completed using the Family Life Impairment Scale (FLIS), a multidimensional parent-report measure of family and associated impairment designed for young children...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Melissa R Dvorsky, Joshua M Langberg, Stephen P Becker, Steven W Evans
Resilience models suggest that there are likely to be multiple trajectories of self-worth and that despite experiencing impairment, some youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may maintain a positive self-worth, which could buffer them against negative outcomes. The present study used a cohort-sequential longitudinal design to evaluate developmental trajectories of global self-worth in a sample of 324 middle-school-age adolescents (71% male) diagnosed with ADHD between ages 11 and 14 in predicting outcomes at age 15...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Andres De Los Reyes, David A Langer
In 2014, Michael Southam-Gerow and Mitch Prinstein launched the Evidence Base Updates series. As invited contributors, authors of Evidence Base Updates articles offer the field an invaluable resource: regular evaluations of the latest data on tools for addressing the mental health needs of children and adolescents. Until now, authors of Evidence Base Updates articles have focused exclusively on evaluating treatment techniques. In this article, we outline how the Evidence Base Updates series will evolve to also include evaluations of assessment techniques...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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