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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

Kenneth D Gadow, Heather D Garman
Social anhedonia (SA) is a widely accepted symptom phenotype in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), depression, and schizophrenia spectrum disorder; nevertheless, its clinical implications are relatively unstudied in populations of clinic-referred youth with and without ASD. Youth with ASD (n = 268) and nonASD psychiatry referrals (n = 641) between 6 and 18 years of age were evaluated for SA, ASD severity, co-occurring psychiatric symptom severity, and a wide range of common clinical correlates. Participants were parsed into youth with and without parent-defined SA, and the latter were further subdivided into youth with (SA+ alone) and without (SA/-alone) a preference for being alone...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Bridgette L Tonnsen, Anne C Wheeler, Lisa R Hamrick, Jane E Roberts
Although temperament has been studied for decades as a predictor of psychopathology in the general population, examining temperament in neurogenetic groups has unique potential to inform the genetic and biological factors that may confer risk for psychopathology in later development. The present study examined early temperament in two heritable neurogenetic conditions associated with atypical CGG repeat expansions on the FMR1 gene: the FMR1 premutation (FXpm; 55-200 repeats) and fragile X syndrome (FXS; > 200 repeats)...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Christopher Lopata, Marcus L Thomeer, Jonathan D Rodgers, James P Donnelly, Christin A McDonald, Martin A Volker, Tristram H Smith, Hongyue Wang
There are currently no empirically supported, comprehensive school-based interventions (CSBIs) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without concomitant intellectual and language disability. This study compared outcomes for a CSBI (schoolMAX) to typical educational programming (services-as-usual [SAU]) for these children. A total of 103 children (6-12 years of age) with ASD (without intellectual and language disability) were randomly assigned by school buildings (clusters) to receive the CSBI (n = 52 completed) or SAU (n = 50 completed)...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Molly K Crossman, Alan E Kazdin, Angela Matijczak, Elizabeth R Kitt, Laurie R Santos
Interactions with animals represent a promising way to reduce the burden of childhood mental illness on a large scale. However, the specific effects of child-animal interactions are not yet well-established. This study provides a carefully controlled demonstration that unstructured interactions with dogs can improve clinically relevant symptoms in children. Seventy-eight children (55.1% female, 44.9% male) ages 10 to 13 (M = 12.01, SD = 1.13) completed the Trier Social Stress Test for Children, followed by (a) interaction with a dog, (b) a tactile-stimulation control condition, or (c) a waiting control condition...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Sarah R Black, Ilana Seager, Molly R Meers, L Eugene Arnold, Boris Birmaher, Robert L Findling, Sarah M Horwitz, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad
Early age of sexual debut is associated with an increase in negative outcomes, including higher incidence of nonconsensual sexual experiences, higher rates of sexually transmitted infections, and risky sexual practices. Little research has examined the role of parental psychopathology as a predictor of adolescent sexual activity, however. The current study aims to close this gap by examining the relationship between parental psychopathology and sexual activity in a longitudinal sample of youth. Participants were 685 adolescents from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study, the majority of whom were male (67%) and White (65%)...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Lance M Rappaport, Dever M Carney, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine, Roxann Roberson-Nay, John M Hettema
Childhood irritability exhibits significant theoretical and empirical associations with depression and anxiety syndromes. The current study used the twin design to parse genetic and environmental contributions to these relationships. Children ages 9-14 from 374 twin pairs were assessed for irritability and symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety, panic, social phobia, and separation anxiety using dimensional self-report instruments. Multivariate structural equation modeling decomposed the correlations between these syndromes into genetic and environmental components to examine shared and specific risk domains...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Megan C Finsaas, Ellen M Kessel, Lea R Dougherty, Sara J Bufferd, Allison P Danzig, Joanne Davila, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
Psychopathology in school-age children predicts impairment later in development. However, the long-term psychosocial consequences of early childhood psychopathology are less well known. The current study is the first to prospectively examine how a range of diagnoses and symptoms in early childhood predict psychosocial functioning across specific domains during early adolescence 6-9 years later. A community sample (N = 595; 44.9% female; 88.7% White, 12.6% Hispanic) was assessed for psychopathology at ages 3 and 6 using the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Karen Guan, Rachel E Kim, Naomi V Rodas, Todd E Brown, Jennifer M Gamarra, Jennifer L Krull, Bruce F Chorpita
Emergent life events (ELEs), or acute client stressors disclosed within psychotherapy sessions, are not addressed by many evidence-based psychosocial treatments (EBTs). Preliminary provider-report studies suggest that ELEs may interfere with effective EBT implementation. The present study offers a detailed, observational examination of ELEs and their impact on EBT within therapy sessions. Data were observationally coded from 274 sessions with 55 primarily low-income, Latino youth clients (58% male, ages 5-15) in the modular EBT condition (Modular Approach to Therapy for Children [MATCH]) of the Child STEPs California trial...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
E K Czyz, C A King, B J Biermann
This pilot randomized controlled trial examined the feasibility and acceptability of a motivational interview (MI)-enhanced safety planning intervention (MI-SafeCope) for teens hospitalized due to suicide risk and explored proximal outcomes (possible mechanisms of change). Participants were 36 hospitalized adolescents (ages 13-17; 78.8% female) with last-week suicidal ideation and/or past-month suicide attempts. Adolescents were randomized to MI-SafeCope, a three-component intervention (individual and family sessions, postdischarge call), or to treatment as usual...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
James V Ray, Paul J Frick
The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is a widely used rating scale measure of callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Most studies have used a unit-weighted total score that sums all of the items into a composite, despite the consistent finding that items from this measure can be described using a bifactor model (1 general factor and 3 bifactors). We conducted a meta-analysis using the results of past published bifactor tests of the ICU, using indices to estimate the sources of variance in the total and subscale scores...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kelli S Sargent, Ernest N Jouriles, Michael Chmielewski, Renee McDonald
Resistance to antisocial peer pressure consistently relates to adolescent adjustment. However, it is typically measured via a mono-method, self-report approach. The current study introduces a virtual reality (VR) protocol to create an observational measure of adolescents' responses to peer pressure to engage in antisocial activities. Data on the reliability and validity of the assessment procedure are presented. Participants (N = 264, 46% male, Mage = 18.17 years, 81% White) provided self-reports of susceptibility to antisocial peer pressure, antisocial behavior, dating violence perpetration, and depressive symptoms...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jennifer Freeman, Kristen Benito, Jennifer Herren, Joshua Kemp, Jenna Sung, Christopher Georgiadis, Aishvarya Arora, Michael Walther, Abbe Garcia
Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic and impairing condition that often persists into adulthood. This review refreshes the state of support for psychosocial treatments and the predictors or moderators that relate to their efficacy and evaluates how the literature has improved since the last update in 2014. A secondary goal is to propose an additional framework for the categorization of studies based on central research questions rather than treatment format. Psychosocial treatment studies conducted since the last review are described and evaluated according to methodological rigor and evidence-based classification using the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology evidence-based treatment evaluation criteria...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Gregory A Fabiano, Abigail Caserta
Fathers make important and unique contributions to positive child development. In spite of these findings, the research literature has lagged in the study of the role and impact of fathers on child development and in the development of effective approaches and interventions for fathers. Parameters for additional study include the inclusion of fathers in treatment outcome studies, the engagement of fathers within studies once included, the retention of fathers in interventions and studies once engaged, and the appropriate measurement of father-related outcomes...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
The primary goal of this study was to examine the associations between baseline body image dissatisfaction (BID) and subsequent anxiety trajectories in a diverse, community sample of adolescent girls and boys. Participants were 581 adolescents (baseline age: M = 16.1, SD = 0.7; 58% female; 65% non-Hispanic White) from U.S. public high schools. Self-report questionnaires were administered during school at 3 annual assessment waves. Latent growth curve modeling examined the association between baseline BID and growth factors of anxiety disorder symptom trajectories...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
David A Langer, Amanda Jensen-Doss
The shared decision-making (SDM) model is one in which providers and consumers of health care come together as collaborators in determining the course of care. The model is especially relevant to youth mental health care, when planning a treatment frequently entails coordinating both youth and parent perspectives, preferences, and goals. The present article first provides the historical context of the SDM model and the rationale for increasing our field's use of SDM when planning psychosocial treatments for youth and families...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Matthew A Jarrett, Anna Van Meter, Eric A Youngstrom, Dane C Hilton, Thomas H Ollendick
Guidelines exist for the assessment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but they are often unclear as to how a clinician should consider multiple informants, methods, and co-occurring symptoms to reach an overall diagnostic probability for an individual patient. The current study used receiver operating characteristic analyses and evidence-based medicine methods to evaluate the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment measures and the Conners' Continuous Performance Test for ADHD diagnosis in youth...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Meghan Miller, Ana-Maria Iosif, Gregory S Young, Monique Moore Hill, Sally Ozonoff
Converging evidence suggests shared genetic underpinnings of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies of infants at risk for ASD have proliferated over the past decade; the few studies that have followed these infants beyond age 3 report a range of difficulties facing a subset of these infants as they reach school age, including elevated levels of attention problems and externalizing behavior. Given this, we aimed to identify early predictors of school-age ADHD outcomes in a sample of infant siblings at risk for ASD...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Alayna L Park, Andrew L Moskowitz, Bruce F Chorpita
The goal of this study is to explore providers' patterns of implementation by investigating how community mental health providers selected therapy practice modules from a flexible, modular evidence-based treatment working with youths with comorbid mental health problems. Data were obtained from 57 youths, 5-15 years old, presenting with anxiety, depressive, and/or conduct problems and their 27 providers during their participation in an effectiveness trial involving a modular evidence-based treatment. Although all youths evidenced clinically elevated symptomatology in at least two problem areas, providers targeted youths' comorbid problems with only about half of their study cases...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Julia E Morgan, Sandra K Loo, Steve S Lee
Although birth weight is a potential causal risk factor for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, both the specificity of this association and its mediating pathways are largely unknown. We carefully assessed youth with and without ADHD (i.e., Wave 1), and followed them prospectively for 2 years (i.e., Wave 2). We (a) tested the association of birth weight with Wave 2 ADHD symptoms, and (b) evaluated biologically plausible neurocognitive functions from Wave 1 as temporally ordered mediators of birth weight and Wave 2 ADHD symptoms in a multiple mediation framework...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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