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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885041/developmental-origins-of-rumination-in-middle-childhood-the-roles-of-early-temperament-and-positive-parenting
#1
Tina H Schweizer, Thomas M Olino, Margaret W Dyson, Rebecca S Laptook, Daniel N Klein
Rumination, a thinking style characterized by a repetitive inward focus on negative cognitions, has been linked to internalizing disorders, particularly depression. Moreover, research suggests that rumination may be a cognitive vulnerability that predisposes individuals to psychopathology. Surprisingly little is known, however, about the etiology and development of rumination. The present study examined the role of specific components of child temperamental negative emotionality (sadness, fear, anger) and effortful control (inhibition), as well as parenting behaviors during early childhood on the development of rumination in middle childhood...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841342/children-s-rumination-to-sadness-and-anger-implications-for-the-development-of-depression-and-aggression
#2
Sherelle L Harmon, Haley F Stephens, Karla K Repper, Kimberly A Driscoll, Janet A Kistner
The current study examined the transdiagnostic nature of rumination in the development of childhood depression and aggression by examining the relation between two forms of rumination, sadness and anger, in a single study and assessing their unique and shared behavioral correlates. A community sample of 254 children (ages 7-14, 50.4% female, 66.5% Caucasian) completed self-report measures of rumination and depressive symptoms, and peer nominations of aggressive behaviors. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to assess unique and shared behavioral correlates...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841335/future-directions-for-the-examination-of-mediators-of-treatment-outcomes-in-youth
#3
Matthew M Carper, Heather B Makover, Philip C Kendall
How do psychological therapies work? How can we enhance treatment to improve outcomes? Questions of mediation lie at the heart of these inquiries. However, within the child and adolescent treatment literature, studies of mediation often rely on methodological and statistical approaches that limit the inferences that can be drawn from study findings. This future directions review delineates some of these issues and suggests improvements through two interrelated paths. We propose that mediation studies in the youth treatment literature will be enhanced (a) by adopting best practices in nomothetic (group-based) methodologies for assessing putative mediating variables and conducting appropriate statistical analyses and (b) by increasing the use of idiographic (individual-focused) approaches to youth outcome research through mediation studies that use innovative designs, data collection techniques, and analytic methods...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820631/links-between-the-mother-adolescent-and-father-adolescent-relationships-and-adolescent-depression-a-genetically-informed-study
#4
Charlie Brouillard, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
This study examined the unique roles of support and conflict in the relationship with the mother and the father in predicting changes in adolescents' depressive symptoms over a 1-year period. Potential moderating effects of genetic factors (Gene × Environment interaction) and sex were also investigated. This study utilized a design of twins raised in the same family, based on a sample of 121 monozygotic and 88 dizygotic same-sex twin pairs (418 individuals; 52.2% girls) assessed in Grade 8 (M = 14.09, SD = ...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820619/associations-between-anxious-and-depressive-symptoms-and-the-recognition-of-vocal-socioemotional-expressions-in-youth
#5
Michele Morningstar, Melanie A Dirks, Brent I Rappaport, Daniel S Pine, Eric E Nelson
The current study examined the associations between internalizing symptoms and adolescents' recognition of vocal socioemotional expressions produced by youth. Fifty-seven youth (8-17 years old, M = 12.62, SD = 2.66; 29 anxious, 28 nonanxious; 32 female, 25 male) were asked to identify the intended expression in auditory recordings of youth's portrayals of basic emotions and social attitudes. Recognition accuracy increased with age, suggesting that the ability to recognize vocal affect continues to develop into adolescence...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820616/psychometrics-of-the-child-ptsd-symptom-scale-for-dsm-5-for-trauma-exposed-children-and-adolescents
#6
Edna B Foa, Anu Asnaani, Yinyin Zang, Sandra Capaldi, Rebecca Yeh
This study evaluated psychometric properties of interview, self-report, and screening versions of the Child PTSD Symptom Scale for DSM-5 (CPSS-5), a measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for traumatized youth based on DSM-5 criteria. Participants were 64 children and adolescents (51.6% female, 45.3% African American/Black) between 8 and 18 years of age (M = 14.1, SD = 2.5) who had experienced a DSM-5 Criterion A trauma. Participants completed test-retest procedures for the self-report and interviewer versions of the CPSS-5 in 2 visits that were up to 2 weeks apart...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820607/individual-differences-in-optimum-sleep-for-daily-mood-during-adolescence
#7
Andrew J Fuligni, Sunhye Bai, Jennifer L Krull, Nancy A Gonzales
Efforts to establish an empirical basis for recommended sleep durations during adolescence need to take into account individual differences in optimum sleep, defined as the amount of sleep at which peak functioning is observed. A total of 419 adolescents (Mage = 15.03 years) with Mexican American backgrounds reported their nightly sleep duration and daily mood for a 2-week period at 1 or 2 waves of data collection, 1 year apart. Adolescents also completed an established measure of symptomatology. Multilevel modeling revealed a nonlinear association between sleep duration and next-day mood, whereby both too little and too much sleep were associated with elevated levels of daily distress...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816508/stability-and-predictive-validity-of-the-parent-child-sleep-interactions-scale-a-longitudinal-study-among-preschoolers
#8
Chelsey S Barrios, Samantha Y Jay, Victoria C Smith, Candice A Alfano, Lea R Dougherty
Little research has examined the processes underlying children's persistent sleep problems and links with later psychopathology. The current study examined the stability of parent-child sleep interactions as assessed with the parent-reported Parent-Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS) and examined whether sleep interactions in preschool-age children predict sleep problems and psychiatric symptoms later in childhood. Participants included 108 preschool-age children (50% female) and their parents. Parents completed the PSIS when children were 3-5 years (T1) and again when they were 6-9 years (T2)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715280/fatigue-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-from-two-high-resolution-studies
#9
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Alexander L Chapman, Matthew K Nock
Theoretical models of self-harm suggest that high perceived stress and high fatigue (which might affect the ability to cope with stress) may interact to predict the short-term occurrence of suicidal ideation and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested 3 approaches to examining this interaction, each of which provided a different understanding of the specific nature of these associations: comparing each individual's daily stress/fatigue to the entire sample's overall average (i.e., grand-mean centering), comparing each individual's daily perceived stress/fatigue to his or her overall average (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715272/face-to-face-versus-online-behavioral-parent-training-for-young-children-at-risk-for-adhd-treatment-engagement-and-outcomes
#10
George J DuPaul, Lee Kern, Georgia Belk, Beth Custer, Molly Daffner, Andrea Hatfield, Daniel Peek
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with significant challenges in child functioning. Although behavioral parent training (BPT) can reduce ADHD symptoms, factors associated with traditional face-to-face (F2F) delivery results in only about half of families receiving BPT. The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial was to examine parent engagement and program acceptability of F2F and online BPT, as well as the efficacy of both formats relative to a waitlist control (WLC) group...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715242/not-all-masks-are-created-equal-masking-success-in-clinical-trials-of-children-and-adolescents
#11
Lauren Jones, Sarah R Black, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
The current study assessed the success of masking omega-3 (Ω3) and psychotherapy in clinical trials of youth with depression or bipolar spectrum disorder. Participants were youth ages 7-14 with DSM-IV-TR diagnosed depressive (n = 72) or bipolar spectrum (n = 23) disorders. Inclusion diagnoses were depressive disorder, cyclothymic disorder, or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified. Exclusion diagnoses included bipolar I or II disorder, chronic medical condition or autism. Youth participated in 2 × 2 randomized controlled trials, in which they received Ω3 or placebo (PBO) and psychoeducational psychotherapy (PEP) or active monitoring (AM)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715239/parental-self-efficacy-to-support-teens-during-a-suicidal-crisis-and-future-adolescent-emergency-department-visits-and-suicide-attempts
#12
Ewa K Czyz, Adam G Horwitz, Carlos E Yeguez, Cynthia J Ewell Foster, Cheryl A King
This study of adolescents seeking emergency department (ED) services and their parents examined parents' self-efficacy beliefs to engage in suicide prevention activities, whether these beliefs varied based on teens' characteristics, and the extent to which they were associated with adolescents' suicide-related outcomes. Participants included 162 adolescents (57% female, 81.5% Caucasian), ages 13-17, and their parents. At index visit, parents rated their self-efficacy to engage in suicide prevention activities and their expectations regarding their teen's future suicide risk...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715237/the-under-and-over-identification-of-autism-factors-associated-with-diagnostic-referral
#13
Isaac C Smith, Deanna Swain, Haley G Murphy, Thomas H Ollendick, Susan W White
As reported prevalence and public awareness of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have grown in recent years, clinicians will likely see increased referrals for suspected ASD. The current study sought to elucidate factors associated with referral for possible ASD, as well as diagnostic outcome among youth referred for suspected ASD. Youth referred for psychological evaluations at an outpatient clinic (N = 69, 6-18 years, 48 male) were categorized into four groups: referred for suspected ASD and diagnosed as such, referred for ASD and not diagnosed as such, not referred for ASD but diagnosed as such, and neither referred for nor diagnosed with ASD...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26605673/adolescent-substance-use-following-a-deadly-u-s-tornado-outbreak-a-population-based-study-of-2-000-families
#14
Carla Kmett Danielson, Jennifer A Sumner, Zachary W Adams, Jenna L McCauley, Matthew Carpenter, Ananda B Amstadter, Kenneth J Ruggiero
Despite conceptual links between disaster exposure and substance use, few studies have examined prevalence and risk factors for adolescent substance use and abuse in large, population-based samples affected by a recent natural disaster. We addressed this gap using a novel address-based sampling methodology to interview adolescents and parents who were affected by the 4th deadliest tornado outbreak in U.S. HISTORY: Postdisaster interviews were conducted with 2,000 adolescent-parent dyads living within a 5-mile radius of the spring 2011 U...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26538120/aerobic-fitness-and-inhibition-in-young-children-moderating-roles-of-adhd-status-and-age
#15
Anne A Brassell, Erin K Shoulberg, Matthew B Pontifex, Alan L Smith, Anthony G Delli Paoli, Betsy Hoza
We examined the relation between aerobic fitness and inhibition in young children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-risk status. Participants (91 ADHD risk, 107 typically developing, Mage = 6.83, 53.5% male, 68.2% Caucasian) completed an assessment of aerobic fitness and a flanker task requiring variable amounts of inhibitory control. Aerobic fitness was positively associated with inhibition. When inhibitory control demands were largest, the relation varied as a function of ADHD-risk status such that the link between aerobic fitness and inhibition was significant only for children with ADHD risk...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26538055/parental-predictors-of-children-s-shame-and-guilt-at-age-6-in-a-multimethod-longitudinal-study
#16
Alyssa Parisette-Sparks, Sara J Bufferd, Daniel N Klein
Shame and guilt are self-conscious emotions that begin to develop early in life and are associated with various forms of psychopathology. However, little is known about the factors that contribute to these emotions in young children. Specifically, no longitudinal studies to date have examined a range of parent factors that shape the expression of children's shame and guilt. The current multimethod, longitudinal study sought to determine whether parenting style, parental psychopathology, and parents' marital satisfaction assessed when children were age 3 predict expressions of shame and guilt in children at age 6...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26514293/rumination-and-moderators-of-multifinality-predicting-internalizing-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-during-adolescence
#17
Lori M Hilt, Jeffrey M Armstrong, Marilyn J Essex
Rumination, a perseverative cognitive process that involves repetitively and passively focusing on negative emotions, is a transdiagnostic risk factor for the development of psychopathology. Although rumination has been linked to various forms of psychopathology including depression, anxiety, and alcohol misuse, little is known about the conditions that lead to multifinality. Here, we test putative moderators (Nolen-Hoeksema & Watkins, 2011) of the association between rumination and subsequent internalizing symptoms and frequency of alcohol use during adolescence...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467211/sleep-related-problems-and-the-effects-of-anxiety-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Nicole E Caporino, Kendra L Read, Nina Shiffrin, Cara Settipani, Philip C Kendall, Scott N Compton, Joel Sherrill, John Piacentini, John Walkup, Golda Ginsburg, Courtney Keeton, Boris Birmaher, Dara Sakolsky, Elizabeth Gosch, Anne M Albano
This study examined (a) demographic and clinical characteristics associated with sleep-related problems (SRPs) among youth with anxiety disorders, and (b) the impact of anxiety treatment: cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT; Coping Cat), medication (sertraline), their combination, and pill placebo on SRPs. Youth (N = 488, ages 7-17, 50% female, 79% White) with a principal diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, or social phobia participated. SRPs were reported by parents and youth...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26135745/best-friend-influence-over-adolescent-problem-behaviors-socialized-by-the-satisfied
#19
Cody Hiatt, Brett Laursen, Håkan Stattin, Margaret Kerr
The present study was designed to examine best friend influence over alcohol intoxication and truancy as a function of relative perceptions of friendship satisfaction. The participants were 700 adolescents (306 boys, 394 girls) who were involved in same-sex best friendships that were stable from one academic year to the next. Participants completed self-report measures of alcohol intoxication frequency and truancy at 1-year intervals. Each member of each friendship dyad also rated his or her satisfaction with the relationship...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665210/does-depression-screening-in-schools-reduce-adolescent-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-accessing-treatment
#20
Sisi Guo, Joanna J Kim, Laurel Bear, Anna S Lau
Although placing mental health services in schools increases access to care, racial/ethnic disparities persist within the scope of school-based mental health services. Universal mental health screening is a potential strategy to increase problem detection and reduce disparities in care provision. However, no study has experimentally tested the effect of universal screening on patterns of service utilization across racial groups and the potential to reduce disparities. Using a cluster randomized design, we compared service linkage patterns among 7th- and 8th-grade Asian American and Latino students (N = 2,494; Mage = 13...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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