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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107045/examining-bidirectional-pathways-between-exposure-to-political-violence-and-adolescent-adjustment-in-northern-ireland
#1
E Mark Cummings, Laura K Taylor, Han Du, Christine E Merrilees, Marcie Goeke-Morey, Peter Shirlow
Research on social ecologies of political violence has been largely confined to cross-sectional tests of the impact of political violence on child adjustment, limiting perspectives on more nuanced causal pathways, including tests of reciprocal relations between exposure to political violence and child adjustment. Based on a four-wave longitudinal study, this research breaks new ground in assessing bidirectional relations between exposure to political violence in the form of experience with sectarian antisocial behavior and adolescents' adjustment problems...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107039/future-directions-in-the-study-of-early-life-stress-and-physical-and-emotional-health-implications-of-the-neuroimmune-network-hypothesis
#2
Camelia E Hostinar, Robin Nusslock, Gregory E Miller
Early-life stress is associated with increased vulnerability to physical and emotional health problems across the lifespan. The recently developed neuroimmune network hypothesis proposes that one of the underlying mechanisms for these associations is that early-life stress amplifies bidirectional crosstalk between the brain and the immune system, contributing to several mental and physical health conditions that have inflammatory underpinnings, such as depression and coronary heart disease. Neuroimmune crosstalk is thought to perpetuate inflammation and neural alterations linked to early-life stress exposure, and also foster behaviors that can further compromise health, such as smoking, drug abuse and consumption of high-fat diets...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107027/generating-attention-inhibition-and-memory-a-pilot-randomized-trial-for-preschoolers-with-executive-functioning-deficits
#3
Leanne Tamm, Jeffery N Epstein, Richard E A Loren, Stephen P Becker, Sarah B Brenner, Morgan E Bamberger, James Peugh, Jeffrey M Halperin
This goal of this study was to assess the initial feasibility and efficacy of a play-based intervention targeting executive functions (EF) and parent-child relationships in preschoolers compared with an active control group. Preschoolers with EF deficits (M age = 3.7 ± 0.47, predominantly White boys) and their parents were randomized to intervention (n = 36) or active control (n = 32) conditions. Child performance on EF tasks, parent and masked teacher ratings of EF and behavior, and masked clinician ratings of severity were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months postbaseline...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103159/the-effects-of-stimulant-medication-and-training-on-sports-competence-among-children-with-adhd
#4
Amy R Altszuler, Anne S Morrow, Brittany M Merrill, Shannon Bressler, Fiona L Macphee, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Andrew R Greiner, Stefany Coxe, Joseph S Raiker, Erika Coles, William E Pelham
The current study examined the relative efficacy of behavioral sports training, medication, and their combination in improving sports competence among youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 73 youth (74% male; 81% Hispanic) between the ages of 5 and 12 diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) ADHD enrolled in a Summer Treatment Program (STP). The study consisted of a 2 (medication: methylphenidate, placebo) × 2 (sports training: instruction and practice, recreational play) between-groups design and was conducted over a 3-week period during the STP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103110/engaging-fathers-in-effective-parenting-for-preschool-children-using-shared-book-reading-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Anil Chacko, Gregory A Fabiano, Greta L Doctoroff, Beverly Fortson
Engaging fathers and improving their parenting and, in turn, outcomes for their children in preventive/promotion-focused parenting interventions has been a notable, but understudied, challenge in the field. This study evaluated the effects of a novel intervention, Fathers Supporting Success in Preschoolers: A Community Parent Education Program, which focuses on integrating behavioral parent training with shared book reading (i.e., Dialogic Reading) using key conceptual models (i.e., common elements, deployment model, task shifting) to engage and improve father (i...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103058/emotion-dysregulation-across-emotion-systems-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Erica D Musser, Joel T Nigg
Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display alterations in both emotion reactivity and regulation. One mechanism underlying such alternations may be reduced coherence among emotion systems (i.e., autonomic, facial affect). The present study sought to examine this. One hundred children (50 with ADHD combined presentation), 7-11 years of age (62% male, 78% White), completed an emotion induction and suppression task. This task was coded for facial affect behavior across both negative and positive emotion eliciting task conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080145/neuropsychological-predictors-of-odd-symptom-dimensions-in-young-children
#7
Shayl F Griffith, David H Arnold, Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, Elizabeth A Harvey
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a commonly diagnosed childhood behavior disorder, yet knowledge of relations between ODD and early neuropsychological functions, particularly independent of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is still limited. In addition, studies have not examined neuropsychological functioning as it relates to the different ODD symptom dimensions. Structural equation modeling was used to investigate how preschool neuropsychological functioning predicted negative affect, oppositional behavior, and antagonistic behavior symptom dimensions of ODD in 224 six-year-old children, oversampled for early behavior problems...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075652/parent-adolescent-cross-informant-agreement-in-clinically-referred-samples-findings-from-seven-societies
#8
Leslie A Rescorla, Grace Ewing, Masha Y Ivanova, Marcel Aebi, Niels Bilenberg, Gwen C Dieleman, Manfred Döpfner, Ilona Kajokiene, Patrick W L Leung, Julia Plück, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Christa Winkler Metzke, Rita Zukauskiene, Frank C Verhulst
To conduct international comparisons of parent-adolescent cross-informant agreement in clinical samples, we analyzed ratings on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) for 6,762 clinically referred adolescents ages 11-18 from 7 societies (M = 14.5 years, SD = 2.0 years; 51% boys). Using CBCL and YSR data, we asked the following questions: (a) Do parents report more problems for their adolescent children than the adolescents report about themselves? (b) How do cross-informant correlations (rs) for scale scores differ by problem type and by society? (c) How well do parents and adolescents, on average, agree regarding which problems they rate as low, medium, or high? (d) How does within-dyad item agreement vary within and between societies? (e) How do societies vary in dichotomous cross-informant agreement with respect to the deviance status of the adolescents? CBCL and YSR scores were quite similar, with small and inconsistent informant effects across societies...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010134/peer-victimization-trajectories-at-the-adolescent-transition-associations-among-chronic-victimization-peer-reported-status-and-adjustment
#9
Christopher S Sheppard, Matteo Giletta, Mitchell J Prinstein
The current study demonstrated that chronic peer victimization, as compared to time-limited victimization, is particularly associated with peer status and peer-reported adjustment at the adolescent transition. Using a cohort sequential design, a sample of 653 adolescents (48% female, 87% Caucasian) in Grades 6-8 were assessed at 3 annual time points; data captured indices of peer victimization, likeability, popularity, and several peer-reported indices of internalizing (e.g., sadness, worry) and externalizing (e...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001446/evidence-based-treatments-for-youths-who-engage-in-illegal-sexual-behaviors
#10
Alex R Dopp, Charles M Borduin, Daniel B Rothman, Elizabeth J Letourneau
Effective treatments for youths who have engaged in illegal sexual behaviors are needed to reduce the societal impact of sexual crimes. This article reviews the state of the evidence base for treatments that target this clinical population. We conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify studies that evaluated outcomes of treatments for youths who have engaged in illegal sexual behaviors. Based on the results of our review, we characterized each treatment using established criteria for five evidence-based treatment classifications...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936944/adolescents-and-best-friend-s-depressive-symptoms-and-conflict-management-intraindividual-and-interpersonal-processes-over-time
#11
Elise Boersma-van Dam, Bill Hale, Hans Koot, Wim Meeus, Susan Branje
This 6-year longitudinal study examined the relation between 3 conflict management styles (i.e., problem solving, conflict engagement, and compliance) and depressive symptoms in adolescent-best friend relationships. Participants were 479 Dutch adolescents and their best friend who reported annually on depressive symptoms and conflict management styles toward each other. Bidirectional effects between conflict management styles and depressive symptoms were studied both within adolescents (intraindividual) and between adolescent best friends (interpersonal)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936935/positive-parenting-and-callous-unemotional-traits-their-association-with-school-behavior-problems-in-young-children
#12
Julia E Clark, Paul J Frick
The current study tested the associations of both positive (i.e., warm and responsive) and negative (i.e., harsh and inconsistent) aspects of parenting with callous-unemotional (CU) traits and conduct problems. Caregivers and teachers of 92 ethnically diverse (33% African American) kindergarten students (61% female) were recruited to complete a series of survey measures. Students' average age was 6.2 (SD = 0.42) years. Parent report of positive parenting practices, but not negative parenting practices, was associated with teacher report of conduct problems...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929671/development-and-initial-psychometrics-for-a-therapist-competence-instrument-for-cbt-for-youth-anxiety
#13
Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Adriana Rodríguez, Alexis M Quinoy, Cassidy C Arnold, Philip C Kendall, John R Weisz
Therapist competence is an important component of treatment integrity. This article reports on the development and initial psychometric assessment of the Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Anxiety in Youth Competence Scale (CBAY-C), an observational instrument designed to capture therapist limited-domain competence (i.e., competence in the delivery of core interventions and delivery methods found in a specific psychosocial treatment program) in the delivery of the core practice elements in individual cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) for youth anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929661/an-evaluation-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-and-without-motivational-enhancement-to-reduce-attrition
#14
Haley J Webb, Rae Thomas, Leanne McGregor, Elbina Avdagic, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
Although many interventions for child externalizing behavior report promising outcomes for families, high attrition prior to program completion remains a problem. Many programs report dropout rates of 50% or higher. In this trial we sought to reduce attrition and improve outcomes by augmenting a well-known evidence-based intervention, Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), with a 3-session individual motivational enhancement component. Participants were 192 Australian caregivers (91.7% female; Mage = 34...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925775/anxiety-disorders-interview-schedule-autism-addendum-reliability-and-validity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Connor Morrow Kerns, Patricia Renno, Philip C Kendall, Jeffrey J Wood, Eric A Storch
Assessing anxiety in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is inherently challenging due to overlapping (e.g., social avoidance) and ambiguous symptoms (e.g., fears of change). An ASD addendum to the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule-Child/Parent, Parent Version (ADIS/ASA) was developed to provide a systematic approach for differentiating traditional anxiety disorders from symptoms of ASD and more ambiguous, ASD-related anxiety symptoms. Interrater reliability and convergent and discriminant validity were examined in a sample of 69 youth with ASD (8-13 years, 75% male, IQ = 68-143) seeking treatment for anxiety...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918841/community-effectiveness-rct-of-a-comprehensive-psychosocial-treatment-for-high-functioning-children-with-asd
#16
Marcus L Thomeer, Christopher Lopata, James P Donnelly, Adam Booth, Andrew Shanahan, Veronica Federiconi, Christin A McDonald, Jonathan D Rodgers
This community effectiveness randomized clinical trial examined the feasibility and effectiveness of a comprehensive psychosocial treatment, summerMAX, when implemented by a community agency. Fifty-seven high-functioning children (48 male, 9 female), ages 7-12 years with autism spectrum disorder participated in this study. The 5-week summerMAX treatment included instruction and therapeutic activities targeting social/social-communication skills, interpretation of nonliteral language skills, face-emotion recognition skills, and interest expansion...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911597/evidence-based-psychosocial-treatments-for-pediatric-elimination-disorders
#17
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#18
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911081/shared-decision-making-in-youth-mental-health-care-using-the-evidence-to-plan-treatments-collaboratively
#19
David A Langer, Amanda Jensen-Doss
The shared decision-making (SDM) model is one in which providers and consumers of health care come together as collaborators in determining the course of care. The model is especially relevant to youth mental health care, when planning a treatment frequently entails coordinating both youth and parent perspectives, preferences, and goals. The present article first provides the historical context of the SDM model and the rationale for increasing our field's use of SDM when planning psychosocial treatments for youth and families...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880041/future-directions-in-sleep-and-developmental-psychopathology
#20
Lisa J Meltzer
It is critical for psychologists to gain a better understanding about the intersection between sleep and developmental psychopathology. However, while many strive to answer the question of whether sleep causes developmental psychopathology, or vice versa, ultimately the relationship between sleep and developmental psychopathology is complex and dynamic. This article considers future directions in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychology that go beyond this mechanistic question, highlighting areas important to address for clinicians and researchers who strive to better understand how best to serve children and adolescents with developmental psychopathology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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