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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
The primary goal of this study was to examine the associations between baseline body image dissatisfaction (BID) and subsequent anxiety trajectories in a diverse, community sample of adolescent girls and boys. Participants were 581 adolescents (baseline age: M = 16.1, SD = 0.7; 58% female; 65% non-Hispanic White) from U.S. public high schools. Self-report questionnaires were administered during school at 3 annual assessment waves. Latent growth curve modeling examined the association between baseline BID and growth factors of anxiety disorder symptom trajectories...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Elizabeth K Hughes, Claire Burton, Daniel Le Grange, Susan M Sawyer
In family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa, all family members are encouraged to attend sessions with the understanding that absences negatively impact treatment. There are, however, many obstacles to family members' attendance, and there is no research to indicate whether family member attendance improves treatment outcomes. We examined attendance patterns of 198 families who participated in FBT at a specialist pediatric eating disorders program and assessed the extent to which participation by mothers (n = 194), fathers (n = 175), and siblings (n = 165; 50% female) predicted outcome...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Noa Gueron-Sela, Rachael Bedford, Nicholas J Wagner, Cathi B Propper
The goal of this study was to examine the independent and interactive roles of harsh-intrusive maternal behaviors and children's executive function in the development of internalizing behaviors across the first years of school. A diverse sample (58% African American, 42% European American) of 137 children (48% female) was followed from kindergarten (age 5 years) through school entry (ages 6-7 years). At age 5, maternal harsh-intrusive parenting behaviors were rated from a mother-child structured play task, and children completed 3 executive function tasks that measured inhibitory control, working memory, and attention set-shifting...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Aaron Hogue, Philip C Kendall, John R Weisz
Evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for youth are typically developed and established through studies in research settings designed to ensure treatment integrity, that is, protocol adherence and competence by therapists. An important question for implementation science is how well integrity is maintained when these EBTs are delivered in community settings. The present study investigated whether the integrity achieved by therapists in community settings achieved a benchmark set by therapists in a research setting when they delivered the same EBT-an individual cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) for youth anxiety...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Mirjana Majdandžić, Rebecca S Lazarus, Frans J Oort, Cathy van der Sluis, Helen F Dodd, Talia M Morris, Wieke de Vente, Yulisha Byrow, Jennifer L Hudson, Susan M Bögels
Challenging parenting behavior (CPB), a novel construct involving active physical and verbal behaviors that encourage children to push their limits, has been identified as a potential buffer against child anxiety. This study aimed to (a) evaluate the measurement invariance of the Challenging Parenting Behavior Questionnaire (CPBQ4-6) across Dutch and Australian mothers and fathers of preschoolers, (b) examine differences in levels of CPB across mothers and fathers and across countries, and (c) examine whether parents' CPB predicts less child anxiety symptoms and disorders...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
James B McCauley, Michelle A Harris, Matthew C Zajic, Lindsay E Swain-Lerro, Tasha Oswald, Nancy McIntyre, Kali Trzesniewski, Peter Mundy, Marjorie Solomon
Self-esteem is a potent indicator of mental health in typically developing (TYP) individuals. It is surprising that there have been few comprehensive investigations of self-esteem in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), given that they are at high risk for comorbid mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety. The objectives of the current study were to assess how youth with ASD rate their self-esteem compared to age-matched TYP youth and to examine how self-esteem relates to internalizing psychopathology and theory of mind in the two groups...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jessica Bradshaw, Karen Bearss, Courtney McCracken, Tristram Smith, Cynthia Johnson, Luc Lecavalier, Naomi Swiezy, Lawrence Scahill
This study examines parent and child characteristics in young children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior who showed a positive response to a parent education program in a randomized clinical trial of parent training. Children with autism spectrum disorder (N = 180) were randomized to parent training (PT) or parent education program (PEP) for 6 months. Using the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale, masked independent evaluators rated positive response in 68.5% of children in PT compared to 39...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Evin Aktar, Mirjana Majdandžić, Wieke De Vente, Susan M Bögels
This study investigated the link between (a) parents' social trait and state anxiety and (b) children's fear and avoidance in social referencing situations in a longitudinal design and considered the modulating role of child temperament in these links. Children were confronted with a stranger and a robot, separately with their father and mother at 1 (N = 122), at 2.5 (N = 117), and at 4.5 (N = 111) years of age. Behavioral inhibition (BI) was separately observed at 1 and 2.5 years. Parents' social anxiety disorder (SAD) severity was assessed via interviews prenatally and at 4...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jerome H Taylor, Eli R Lebowitz, Ewgeni Jakubovski, Catherine G Coughlin, Wendy K Silverman, Michael H Bloch
This secondary analysis of the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS) used baseline patient characteristics to identify prognostic subgroups of children based on likelihood of remission. We also investigated predictors and moderators of outcome. CAMS randomized 488 youths with generalized, social, and separation anxiety disorders to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), sertraline, both, or pill placebo. Outcomes were Week 12 child, parent, and independent evaluator (IE) ratings of child anxiety. We used receiver operating characteristics analysis and stepwise regression to identify predictors and moderators of outcome...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Tina H Schweizer, Thomas M Olino, Margaret W Dyson, Rebecca S Laptook, Daniel N Klein
Rumination, a thinking style characterized by a repetitive inward focus on negative cognitions, has been linked to internalizing disorders, particularly depression. Moreover, research suggests that rumination may be a cognitive vulnerability that predisposes individuals to psychopathology. Surprisingly little is known, however, about the etiology and development of rumination. The present study examined the role of specific components of child temperamental negative emotionality (sadness, fear, anger) and effortful control (inhibition), as well as parenting behaviors during early childhood on the development of rumination in middle childhood...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Michael C Roberts, Jennifer B Blossom, Spencer C Evans, Christina M Amaro, Rebecca M Kanine
Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become a central focus in clinical child and adolescent psychology. As originally defined, EBP in psychology is the integration of the best available research evidence, patient characteristics, and clinical expertise. Although evidence-based perspectives have garnered widespread acceptance in recent years, there has also been some confusion and disagreement about the 3-part definition of EBP, particularly the role of research. In this article, we first provide a brief review of the development of EBP in clinical child and adolescent psychology...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Lori M Hilt, Brian T Leitzke, Seth D Pollak
Rumination, a cognitive process that involves passively, repetitively focusing on negative feelings and their meaning, is a transdiagnostic risk factor for psychopathology. Research with adults has suggested that attentional control difficulties may underlie rumination, but questions remain about the nature of these processes. Furthermore, the relationship between attentional control and rumination in youth has received little empirical examination. In the present study, 92 youth (ages 9-14; 72% girls; 74% Caucasian) reported on their trait rumination and internalizing symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Megan A Wood, William M Bukowski, Jonathan B Santo
A two-wave longitudinal study of 380 preadolescents (M age = 10.87) from largely middle-class schools in Montréal, Québec, Canada, assessed the hypothesis that friendship security, but not friendship intimacy, moderates the stability of anxiety during adolescence. This central but largely overlooked question about peer relations concerns which aspects of friendship account for the effects of friendship on emotional adjustment. Anxiety and friendship quality were measured via self-report questionnaires, employing the Network of Relationships Inventory for security and intimacy items...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Cara A Settipani, Philip C Kendall
Little is known about the influence of child behaviors on accommodation of anxiety and how accommodation relates to other parent factors. The present study examined the comparative effect of high and low levels of child distress on mother-reported accommodation, mother factors in relation to accommodation, and moderators of the relation between accommodation and child distress. Maternal perceptions of accommodation were measured by vignettes depicting youth exhibiting high or low levels of distress in anxiety-provoking situations that elicited social anxiety, generalized anxiety, or separation anxiety in a sample of 7- to 17-year-old youth with anxiety disorders (N = 70, M = 11...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Catherine B Stroud, Jessica Fitts
Research suggests that rumination places adolescents at risk for psychopathology. However, little is known about the association between parenting and rumination. Moreover, relevant theoretical models suggest that parents contribute to the development of rumination both explicitly through their suggestions about how to cope and implicitly through the context of the mother-adolescent relationship. However, prior work has not examined implicit and explicit factors within the same investigation, precluding exploration of their unique and interactive effects...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kathryn L Humphreys, Carl F Weems, Michael S Scheeringa
The goal of this study is to examine parent and child agreement of child posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms pre- and posttreatment, as well as potential moderators of agreement including treatment responder status, child anxiety control, and parent self-reported PTSD symptoms. We examined child self-reported and parent-reported child PTSD symptoms from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. Of the 141 parent-child pairs, the mean age of children was 12.72 (SD = 3.40), 53% were female, and 54% were Black...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kätlin Peets, Eve Kikas
Researchers have increasingly started to pay attention to how contextual factors, such as the classroom peer context and the quality of student-teacher interactions, influence children's aggressive behavior. This longitudinal study was designed to examine the degree to which benefits and costs of different teaching practices (child-centered and child-dominated) would be dependent on the initial peer-group composition (aggregate levels of aggression and victimization at the beginning of first grade). Teachers provided ratings of aggression and victimization (N = 523 first-grade students; M age at the beginning of first grade = 7...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Laura E Miller-Graff, Kathryn H Howell, Caleb Figge
This research seeks to identify profiles of adaptation among child victims of suspected maltreatment using a social-ecological framework. Data were drawn from the LONGSCAN multisite longitudinal study. Participants were 597 12-year-old children of diverse backgrounds (57% girls) with at least one Child Protective Services report of suspected maltreatment (M = 3.4 reports). Self-, caregiver-, and teacher-reports were collected to assess child competence, psychological and behavioral problems, and family and neighborhood characteristics...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Shawn J Latendresse, David B Henry, Steven H Aggen, Gayle R Byck, Alan W Ashbeck, John M Bolland, Cuie Sun, Brien P Riley, Brian Mustanski, Danielle M Dick
Researchers have long observed that problem behaviors tend to cluster together, particularly among adolescents. Epidemiological studies have suggested that this covariation is due, in part, to common genetic influences, and a number of plausible candidates have emerged as targets for investigation. To date, however, genetic association studies of these behaviors have focused mostly on unidimensional models of individual phenotypes within European American samples. Herein, we compared a series of confirmatory factor models to best characterize the structure of problem behavior (alcohol and marijuana use, sexual behavior, and disruptive behavior) within a representative community-based sample of 592 low-income African American adolescents (50...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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