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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

Karen Guan, Rachel E Kim, Naomi V Rodas, Todd E Brown, Jennifer M Gamarra, Jennifer L Krull, Bruce F Chorpita
Emergent life events (ELEs), or acute client stressors disclosed within psychotherapy sessions, are not addressed by many evidence-based psychosocial treatments (EBTs). Preliminary provider-report studies suggest that ELEs may interfere with effective EBT implementation. The present study offers a detailed, observational examination of ELEs and their impact on EBT within therapy sessions. Data were observationally coded from 274 sessions with 55 primarily low-income, Latino youth clients (58% male, ages 5-15) in the modular EBT condition (Modular Approach to Therapy for Children [MATCH]) of the Child STEPs California trial...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
E K Czyz, C A King, B J Biermann
This pilot randomized controlled trial examined the feasibility and acceptability of a motivational interview (MI)-enhanced safety planning intervention (MI-SafeCope) for teens hospitalized due to suicide risk and explored proximal outcomes (possible mechanisms of change). Participants were 36 hospitalized adolescents (ages 13-17; 78.8% female) with last-week suicidal ideation and/or past-month suicide attempts. Adolescents were randomized to MI-SafeCope, a three-component intervention (individual and family sessions, postdischarge call), or to treatment as usual...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
James V Ray, Paul J Frick
The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is a widely used rating scale measure of callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Most studies have used a unit-weighted total score that sums all of the items into a composite, despite the consistent finding that items from this measure can be described using a bifactor model (1 general factor and 3 bifactors). We conducted a meta-analysis using the results of past published bifactor tests of the ICU, using indices to estimate the sources of variance in the total and subscale scores...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kelli S Sargent, Ernest N Jouriles, Michael Chmielewski, Renee McDonald
Resistance to antisocial peer pressure consistently relates to adolescent adjustment. However, it is typically measured via a mono-method, self-report approach. The current study introduces a virtual reality (VR) protocol to create an observational measure of adolescents' responses to peer pressure to engage in antisocial activities. Data on the reliability and validity of the assessment procedure are presented. Participants (N = 264, 46% male, Mage = 18.17 years, 81% White) provided self-reports of susceptibility to antisocial peer pressure, antisocial behavior, dating violence perpetration, and depressive symptoms...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Leyla Ismayilova, Leyla Karimli
Few culturally congruent interventions are available to reduce abusive practices in families living in abject poverty in francophone West Africa. This study tests the effects of economic intervention-alone and in combination with a family-focused component-on parenting outcomes and children's reports of violence in rural Burkina Faso. Female caregivers and their 10- to 15-year-old children from 360 ultrapoor families were recruited to participate in a parallel cluster randomized control trial with 3 study arms: the waitlist (control) group, the economic intervention group (Trickle Up [TU]), and the economic intervention plus family coaching group (TU+)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Allison Schroeder, Natalie Slopen, Mona Mittal
We utilized a life course framework to examine associations between the accumulation, timing, and duration of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) across early childhood (ages 1-5 years) and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 9. The sample included 1,789 children from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth cohort study of children born between 1998 and 2000. Primary caregivers reported on seven ACEs at child ages 1, 3, 5, and 9. We created 2 summary measures of early childhood ACEs to capture (a) accumulation and (b) timing and duration...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Dominique Maciejewski, Alexis Brieant, Jacob Lee, Brooks King-Casas, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
The present longitudinal study examined the role of neural cognitive control in the relation between negative and positive life events and depressive symptoms in adolescents. The sample comprised 138 adolescents (52% male, Mage  = 13.49 at baseline) and their parents. At Time 1, adolescents participated in a functional neuroimaging session in which neural cognitive control was measured as hemodynamic activity during an inhibitory control task, and parents reported on adolescents' positive and negative life events within the past year...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Mark R Dadds, Gemma Sicouri, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, David J Hawes, Caroline Moul, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Paul J Frick, Vicki Anderson, Eva R Kimonis, Lucy A Tully
Positive parenting programs have a strong evidence base for improving parent-child relationships, strengthening families, and reducing childhood behavior disturbances. Their reach is less than optimal however, with only a minority of families in need of help participating. Father involvement is particularly low. Online, self-directed programs have the potential to improve participation rates. This article examines risk factors for dropout/attrition from a free, evidence-based, self-directed, father-inclusive parenting program, Parentworks, which was made available across Australia...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Martha E Wadsworth, Jarl A Ahlkvist, Ashley McDonald, Emile M Tilghman-Osborne
This article aims to integrate theory and empirical findings about understanding and fostering the process of resilience and adaptation in children and families who live in poverty. In this article, we draw from multiple, somewhat distinct, scholarly streams to identify sources of protection, integrating across the literatures on stress and coping, psychophysiology, cultural identity development, and empowerment theory. Because living in poverty cuts across other dimensions of social differentiation and structural inequality, intersectionality theory frames our discussion of how to leverage poverty-affected youths' diverse experiences...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Spencer C Evans, Andrew L Frazer, Jennifer B Blossom, Paula J Fite
Evidence supports the distinctions between forms (relational vs. physical) and functions (proactive vs. reactive) of aggression; however, little research has investigated these two subtype frameworks simultaneously or by teacher-report in early childhood. We examined the factor structures, interrelations, and longitudinal associations of teacher-reported forms and functions of aggression in young children. Preschool and kindergarten students (N = 133; ages 3-6 years; 58.6% male) were rated by their teachers during the spring semester and on two subsequent occasions over the following school year (a three-wave cross-sequential design)...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Eric A Youngstrom, Anna Van Meter, Thomas W Frazier, Jennifer Kogos Youngstrom, Robert L Findling
To develop short forms of parent-rated mania and depression scales, evaluating their reliability, content coverage, criterion validity, and diagnostic accuracy. Caregivers completed the Parent General Behavior Inventory about their youth 5-18 years of age seeking outpatient mental health services at either an academic medical clinic (n = 617) or urban community mental health center (n = 530), along with other rating scales. Families also completed a semistructured Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia interview, with the rating scales masked during diagnosis...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Tess E Smith, Michelle M Martel
Empirical work has examined the utility of using person-centered statistical approaches emphasizing traits to parsing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) heterogeneity in preschool and school-age children. However, trait-based profiles have not yet been examined in other age ranges, specifically adolescence and young adulthood. Therefore, the goal of the present study is to examine trait-based profiles in adolescents and young adults with ADHD to evaluate their similarity with trait-based profiles in preschoolers and children with ADHD and through comparison with external correlates (e...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Hallie R Brown, Elizabeth A Harvey
The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the 18 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 2-year-old children. ADHD is typically diagnosed in elementary school, but research suggests that many children with ADHD first show symptoms during the toddler years. An important first step in identifying toddlers who are at high risk for developing ADHD is to better understand the properties of DSM symptoms of ADHD in young children...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Miya L Barnett, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Juan Carlos Gonzalez, Chanel Zhan, Adriana Rodriguez, Nicole A Stadnick, Anna S Lau
This study analyzed qualitative therapist reports of adaptations to the delivery of multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs) within the context of a system-driven reform of children's community mental health services to understand how therapists adapt EBPs as well as contexts of these adaptations to identify when these adaptations are made. The study sought to complement and expand upon previous quantitative survey findings of two categories of Augmenting and Reducing/Reordering adaptations to EBPs. Data included interviews from 60 therapists (88...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Eva R Kimonis, Georgette Fleming, Nancy Briggs, Lauren Brouwer-French, Paul J Frick, David J Hawes, Daniel M Bagner, Rae Thomas, Mark Dadds
Children with co-occurring conduct problems and callous-unemotional (CU) traits show a distinct pattern of early starting, chronic, and aggressive antisocial behaviors that are resistant to traditional parent-training interventions. The aim of this study was to examine in an open trial the acceptability and initial outcomes of a novel adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, called PCIT-CU, designed to target 3 distinct deficits of children with CU traits. Twenty-three Australian families with a 3- to 6-year-old (M age = 4...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jami F Young, Jason D Jones, Marissa D Sbrilli, Jessica S Benas, Carolyn N Spiro, Caroline A Haimm, Robert Gallop, Laura Mufson, Jane E Gillham
Adolescence represents a vulnerable developmental period for depression and an opportune time for prevention efforts. In this study, 186 adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms (M age = 14.01, SD = 1.22; 66.7% female; 32.2% racial minority) were randomized to receive either Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training (IPT-AST; n = 95) delivered by research clinicians or group counseling (GC; n = 91) delivered by school counselors. We previously reported the short-term outcomes of this school-based randomized controlled trial: IPT-AST youth experienced significantly greater improvements in depressive symptoms and overall functioning through 6-month follow-up...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jennifer Freeman, Kristen Benito, Jennifer Herren, Joshua Kemp, Jenna Sung, Christopher Georgiadis, Aishvarya Arora, Michael Walther, Abbe Garcia
Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic and impairing condition that often persists into adulthood. This review refreshes the state of support for psychosocial treatments and the predictors or moderators that relate to their efficacy and evaluates how the literature has improved since the last update in 2014. A secondary goal is to propose an additional framework for the categorization of studies based on central research questions rather than treatment format. Psychosocial treatment studies conducted since the last review are described and evaluated according to methodological rigor and evidence-based classification using the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology evidence-based treatment evaluation criteria...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Gregory A Fabiano, Abigail Caserta
Fathers make important and unique contributions to positive child development. In spite of these findings, the research literature has lagged in the study of the role and impact of fathers on child development and in the development of effective approaches and interventions for fathers. Parameters for additional study include the inclusion of fathers in treatment outcome studies, the engagement of fathers within studies once included, the retention of fathers in interventions and studies once engaged, and the appropriate measurement of father-related outcomes...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
The primary goal of this study was to examine the associations between baseline body image dissatisfaction (BID) and subsequent anxiety trajectories in a diverse, community sample of adolescent girls and boys. Participants were 581 adolescents (baseline age: M = 16.1, SD = 0.7; 58% female; 65% non-Hispanic White) from U.S. public high schools. Self-report questionnaires were administered during school at 3 annual assessment waves. Latent growth curve modeling examined the association between baseline BID and growth factors of anxiety disorder symptom trajectories...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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