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Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

Michael C Mullarkey, Igor Marchetti, Christopher G Beevers
Experiencing depression symptoms, even at mild to moderate levels, is associated with maladaptive outcomes for adolescents. We used network analysis to evaluate which symptoms (and associations between symptoms) are most central to adolescent depression. Participants were part of a large, diverse community sample (N = 1,409) of adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age. Network analysis was used to identify the most central symptoms (nodes) and associations between symptoms (edges) assessed by the Children's Depression Inventory...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jacqueline Nesi, Mitchell J Prinstein
This study introduces a new construct-digital status seeking-which reflects a set of behaviors made possible by the social media environment. Digital status seeking is defined as the investment of significant effort into the accumulation of online indicators of peer status and approval. The concurrent validity of this construct was examined, as well as the longitudinal implications of digital status seeking for adolescents' engagement in health-risk behaviors. A school-based sample of 716 participants (Mage  = 16...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Suvarna V Menon, Joseph R Cohen, Ryan C Shorey, Jeff R Temple
Despite increased attention on parental intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure, a relative paucity of research has examined the developmental consequences of this traumatic experience within a life span approach. The aim of the present study was to examine how parental IPV exposure may relate to mental health during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Furthermore, we examined whether the impact of parental IPV exposure was unique from more commonly studied maltreatment experiences, specifically neglect and physical abuse...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns
A recent meta-analysis identified optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as distinct from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN), and a preliminary study with teacher ratings of children in the United States found strong support for the convergent and discriminant validity of 15 SCT items. The current study evaluated whether the same 15 SCT items demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity from ADHD-IN in a large, community-based sample of children in Spain, and whether validity results were replicated across mother, father, and teacher ratings...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Amanda R Levinson, Brittany C Speed, Greg Hajcak
Adolescent girls are at increased risk for depression, which is thought to result from the interaction of biological vulnerabilities and life stressors common to adolescent girls. A blunted late positive potential (LPP) to emotional stimuli (i.e., pleasant and unpleasant) has been associated with depressive symptoms and risk. The current study of adolescent girls examines the moderating effects of the LPP, a candidate biomarker of depression, of the link between life stress and increases in depressive symptoms over 1 year...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Gretchen R Gudmundsen, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Jahun Kim, Ann Vander Stoep
This study documents the emergence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in a community sample of school-age children and describes the temporal progression of symptoms leading to depressive episodes. Caregivers of 468 seventh graders reported retrospectively the manifestation of 14 symptoms of depression and anxiety in their children from kindergarten through sixth grade. The sample was balanced by sex and reflected the racial and economic diversity of the urban school district. Childhood period prevalence was calculated for each symptom, and discrete time survival analyses compared likelihoods of early symptom emergence in children who did and did not meet diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) by ninth grade...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, Christina M Danko, Kenneth H Rubin, Robert J Coplan, Danielle R Novick
Anxiety disorders are common among young children, with earlier onset typically associated with greater severity and persistence. A stable behaviorally inhibited (BI) temperament and subsequent shyness and social withdrawal (SW) place children at increased risk of developing anxiety disorders, particularly social anxiety. In this Future Directions article, we briefly review developmental and clinical research and theory that point to parenting and peer interactions as key moderators of both the stability of BI/SW and risk for later anxiety, and we describe existing interventions that address early BI/SW and/or anxiety disorders in young children...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Connor M Kerns, Lauren J Moskowitz, Tamara Rosen, Amy Drahota, Allison Wainer, Anne R Josephson, Latha Soorya, Elizabeth Cohn, Anil Chacko, Matthew D Lerner
Understanding usual care is important to reduce health disparities and improve the dissemination of evidence-based practices for youth (ages 7-22 years) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A barrier to describing "usual ASD care" is the lack of a common vocabulary and inventory of the practices used by a diverse provider field. To address this barrier, we gathered input from expert providers to develop an inventory of usual care practices and assess expert familiarity and perceptions of these practices as interventions for anxiety, externalizing, and social difficulties in ASD...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Michael T Morrow, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa K Sharp
Few studies have assessed children's daily peer experiences, and even fewer have considered their daily self-perceptions. This daily diary study examined relations between preadolescents' daily reports of peer victimization and perceived social competence, along with moderating effects of classroom aggression. A racially diverse sample of 182 children in 5th grade (105 boys; M age = 10.64 years; 35% White, 31% Black, 17% Hispanic, 17% other or not reported) completed daily measures of peer victimization and perceived social competence, with most children completing measures on 8 school days...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Sabeen H Rizvi, Stephanie Salcedo, Eric A Youngstrom, Lindsey K Freeman, Kenneth D Gadow, Mary A Fristad, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, H Gerry Taylor, Robert L Findling
Diagnostic accuracy of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-oriented Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (CASI-4R) Psychotic Symptoms scale was tested using receiver operating characteristic analyses to identify clinically significant psychotic symptoms. Participants were new outpatients (N = 700), ages 6.0 to 12.9 years (M = 9.7, SD = 1.8) at 9 child outpatient mental health clinics, who participated in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms (LAMS) Study baseline assessment...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Michael R Dolsen, James K Wyatt, Allison G Harvey
Sleep and circadian rhythm changes during adolescence contribute to increased risk across emotional, behavioral, cognitive, social, and physical health domains. This study examines if sleep and dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) are related to greater risk in these 5 health domains. Participants were 163 (93 female, age = 14.7 years) adolescents with an evening circadian preference from a study funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Sleep and circadian measures included weekday total sleep time (TST), bedtime, and shut-eye time assessed via sleep diary, the Children's Morningness-Eveningness Preferences scale, and DLMO...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Joseph R Cohen, Felix K So, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami F Young
Traditionally, screening research tests how well a given symptom inventory can identify a concurrent depressive episode. Although developmental psychopathology could inform screening protocols for a myriad of depression outcomes (e.g., prospective depressive episodes), approaches typically used in research make it difficult to translate these findings. Using a translational analytic approach and multiwave longitudinal study design, we examined how screening for cognitive vulnerabilities (rumination, dysfunctional attitudes, and attributional style) may improve our ability to identify concurrent depressive episodes, prospective depressive episodes, first lifetime episodes of depression, and recurrent major depressive episodes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Xing Cao, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Jianxin Zhang, Jon D Elhai
This study aimed to determine the population-based typologies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, the longitudinal patterns of transitions across these typologies, and the predictive effects of distress and fear disorder symptoms on these transitions in a frequently referred but scantly studied population of traumatized youth. A sample of 1,278 Chinese adolescents (54.0% girls) with a mean age of 13.4 years (SD = 0.8, range = 12-16) completed 2-wave surveys 2.5 and 3.5 years after a major disaster...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Julia W Felton, Anahi Collado, Mazneen Havewala, Julia M Shadur, Laura MacPherson, Carl W Lejuez
Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the development of depressive disorders. Recent research has demonstrated the importance of distress tolerance in the onset and maintenance of depression during adulthood; however, little is known about its role in predicting depressive symptoms among adolescents. The current study examines the effect of distress tolerance and co-occurring negative life events on the developmental trajectory of depressive symptoms from middle to late adolescence. Our sample included 117 adolescent boys and girls (44...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jessica L Schleider, John R Weisz
Because parents are primary gatekeepers to mental health care for their children, parental expectations that mental health treatment is ineffective may undermine treatment seeking, retention, and response. Thus, a need exists to understand parents' expectations about treatment and to develop scalable interventions that can instill more favorable views. We examined parents' treatment expectancies and preferences for their offspring and themselves in relation to two global beliefs: mind-sets (malleability beliefs) of emotions and anxiety, and views of failure as enhancing versus debilitating...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach, Leslie A Rescorla, Jiesi Guo, Robert R Althoff, Kees-Jan Kan, Fredrik Almqvist, Ivan Begovac, Anders G Broberg, Myriam Chahed, Marina Monzani da Rocha, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Döepfner, Nese Erol, Eric Fombonne, Antonio Castro Fonseca, Maria Forns, Alessandra Frigerio, Hans Grietens, Nohelia Hewitt-Ramirez, Fernando Juarez, Ilona Kajokienė, Yasuko Kanbayashi, Young-Ah Kim, Bo Larsson, Patrick Leung, Xianchen Liu, Alfio Maggiolini, Asghar Minaei, Paulo A S Moreira, Kyung Ja Oh, Djaouida Petot, Cecilia Pisa, Rolando Pomalima, Alexandra Roussos, Vlasta Rudan, Michael Sawyer, Mimoza Shahini, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos Silvares, Zeynep Simsek, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Lajos Szirovicza, Jose Valverde, Laura Viola, Sheila Weintraub, Christa Winkler Metzke, Tomasz Wolanczyk, Bernardine Woo, Eugene Yuqing Zhang, Nelly Zilber, Rita Žukauskienė, Frank C Verhulst
As societies become increasingly diverse, mental health professionals need instruments for assessing emotional, behavioral, and social problems in terms of constructs that are supported within and across societies. Building on decades of research findings, multisample alignment confirmatory factor analyses tested an empirically based 8-syndrome model on parent ratings across 30 societies and youth self-ratings across 19 societies. The Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18 and Youth Self-Report for Ages 11-18 were used to measure syndromes descriptively designated as Anxious/Depressed, Withdrawn/Depressed, Somatic Complaints, Social Problems, Thought Problems, Attention Problems, Rule-Breaking Behavior, and Aggressive Behavior...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Melissa L Danielson, Rebecca H Bitsko, Reem M Ghandour, Joseph R Holbrook, Michael D Kogan, Stephen J Blumberg
The purpose of this study is to estimate the national prevalence of parent-reported attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis and treatment among U.S. children 2-17 years of age using the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). The NSCH is a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of parents regarding their children's health that underwent a redesign before the 2016 data collection. It included indicators of lifetime receipt of an ADHD diagnosis by a health care provider, whether the child currently had ADHD, and receipt of medication and behavioral treatment for ADHD...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Julia Price, Deborah A G Drabick, Ty A Ridenour
Indices of deviant peer group involvement are inconsistent and confound type, frequency, and severity of deviant peer behaviors. These measurement approaches thus obfuscate potential meaningful differences in deviant peer involvement in terms of subtypes, developmental patterns, and long-term outcomes. The current study employed latent class analysis to derive subtypes of deviant peer involvement and examined relations to substance use disorder in adulthood, a common outcome of deviant peer involvement. Youth (76% Caucasian) completed assessments across four time points: ages 10-12 years (Time 1; N = 775, 71% male), 12-14 years (Time 2; n = 649, 72% male), 16 years (Time 3; n = 613, 73% male), and 22 years (Time 4; n = 425, 71% male)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Margaret H Sibley, Stefany J Coxe, Mileini Campez, Candance Morley, Sandra Olson, Nick Hidalgo-Gato, Elizabeth Gnagy, Andrew Greiner, Erika K Coles, Timothy Page, William E Pelham
Spikes in symptom severity are noted for adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at the transitions to middle and high school that are attributed to developmental maladjustment. This study evaluated the effectiveness of high-intensity (HI; 412 hr, $4,373 per participant) versus low-intensity (LI; 24 hr, $97 per participant) skills-based summer intervention delivered to adolescents with ADHD by local school district staff. Participants were 325 ethnically diverse rising sixth and ninth graders with ADHD randomized to HI versus LI (n = 218) or recruited into an untreated comparison group (n = 107)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Arthur D Anastopoulos, George J DuPaul, Lisa L Weyandt, Erin Morrissey-Kane, Jennifer L Sommer, Laura Hennis Rhoads, Kevin R Murphy, Matthew J Gormley, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir
The purpose of this study was to examine rates and patterns of non-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (non-ADHD) psychiatric diagnoses among a large group of 1st-year college students with and without ADHD. A total of 443 participants, including 214 men and 229 women ranging in age from 18 to 22 years of age (M = 18.2), were recruited from 9 colleges involved in a large-scale, multisite longitudinal investigation. Non-Hispanic Caucasian students represented 67.5% of the total sample. A comprehensive multimethod assessment approach was used in conjunction with expert panel review to determine both ADHD and comorbidity status...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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