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Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432560/executive-function-and-life-space-mobility-in-old-age
#1
Taina Poranen-Clark, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Johanna Eronen, Markku Kauppinen, Johan G Eriksson, Taina Rantanen, Anne Viljanen
BACKGROUND: Life-space assessment incorporates all movements in terms of the distance from home, the frequency of movement and the need of assistance for movement. Executive function (EF) is an important higher order cognitive ability that controls and guides people's goal-directed actions. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between EF and life-space mobility, and investigated if perceived walking difficulties, lower extremity performance, and transportation difficulties explain the association...
April 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429295/idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-in-the-elderly-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#2
Seong-Chul Yeo, Seong-Ki Ahn, Ho Joong Lee, Hyun-Jin Cho, Sang-Wook Kim, Seung Hoon Woo, Sea-Yuong Jeon, Yeon-Hee Joo, Dong Gu Hur, Jung Je Park
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral-type vertigo in the elderly. While some studies have investigated BPPV among the elderly, no study has focused on the isolated idiopathic BPPV (iBPPV) in the elderly. AIMS: To investigate the clinical features and recurrence rate in elderly patients diagnosed with iBPPV. METHODS: The authors prospectively reviewed the medical records of 627 patients diagnosed with BPPV, and a total of 370 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
April 20, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417243/criterion-related-validity-of-self-reported-stair-climbing-in-older-adults
#3
Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Pablo Gasque, Oscar L Veiga, David Martinez-Gomez
INTRODUCTION: Stair climbing is an activity of daily living that might contribute to increase levels of physical activity (PA). To date, there is no study examining the validity of climbing stairs assessed by self-report. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the validity of estimated stair climbing from one question included in a common questionnaire compared to a pattern-recognition activity monitor in older adults. METHODS: A total of 138 older adults (94 women), aged 65-86 years (70...
April 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417242/combined-use-of-the-multidimensional-prognostic-index-mpi-and-procalcitonin-serum-levels-in-predicting-1-month-mortality-risk-in-older-patients-hospitalized-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-cap-a-prospective-study
#4
Alberto Pilotto, Simone Dini, Julia Daragjati, Manuela Miolo, Monica Maria Mion, Andrea Fontana, Mario Lo Storto, Martina Zaninotto, Alberto Cella, Paolo Carraro, Filomena Addante, Massimiliano Copetti, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: Several scores and biomarkers, i.e., procalcitonin (PCT), were proposed to stratify the mortality risk in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). AIM: Evaluating prognostic accuracy of PCT and Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) for 1-month mortality risk in older patients with CAP. METHODS: At hospital admission and at discharge, patients were evaluated by a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment to calculate MPI. Serum PCT was measured at admission and 1, 3, and 5 days after hospital admission...
April 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405956/the-impact-of-polypharmacy-and-drug-interactions-among-the-elderly-population-in-western-sicily-italy
#5
Giulia Scondotto, Fanny Pojero, Sebastiano Pollina Addario, Mauro Ferrante, Maurizio Pastorello, Michele Visconti, Salvatore Scondotto, Alessandra Casuccio
AIM: Primary endpoint was to report polypharmacy distribution in the general population vs ≥65 years old people and to examine the frequency of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in the Health Local Unit of Palermo, Italy, in relationship with patients' age. METHODS: Drug prescription data for the year 2014 were extracted from the database of the Local Health Unit of Palermo Province, Italy. Patients were divided into five age groups (0-13, 14-64, 65-69, 70-74, and ≥75 year old)...
April 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401502/the-effects-of-age-and-sex-on-hand-movement-structure
#6
A Sebastjan, A Skrzek, Z Ignasiak, T Sławińska
The aim was to investigate the effects of age and sex on hand function and ascertain age-related changes (magnitude and rate) by assessing a broad range of functional tasks with the dominant and non-dominant hands. A representative sample of 635 adults (114 males and 491 females) aged 50 years and over completed motor performance series of the Vienna Test System Parametric and non-parametric analysis and simple linear regression was used to examine the relationships. Significant relationships were observed between task performance and age and sex, although the contributions of both factors differed by varying degree...
April 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391587/ageism-and-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-in-italian-hospitals
#7
Mirko Di Rosa, Carlos Chiatti, Joseph M Rimland, Marina Capasso, Valerio M Scandali, Emilia Prospero, Andrea Corsonello, Fabrizia Lattanzio
AIM: To determine if age is a factor influencing the type of breast cancer surgery (radical versus conservative) in Italy and to investigate the regional differences in breast cancer surgery clinical practice. METHODS: Retrospective study is based on national hospital discharge records. The study draws on routinely collected data from hospital discharge records in Italy in 2010. The following exclusion criteria were applied: day hospital stays, patients younger than 17 years, males, patients without an ICD-9CM code indicating breast cancer and breast surgery, and repeated hospital admission of the same patient...
April 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391586/swallowing-impairment-is-a-significant-factor-for-predicting-life-prognosis-of-elderly-at-the-end-of-life
#8
Koji Naruishi, Yasufumi Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: In end-of-life care of elderly, the decision of care plan including gastrostomy is difficult frequently because of insufficient knowledge relating the life prognosis of elderly. It is important the families to decide correctly the life prognosis of elderly with geriatric diseases. Our purpose is to examine the significant factors for predicting life prognosis of elderly in end-of-life care. METHODS: A total of 320 elderly patients was enrolled (male/female 151/169; averaged age: male 84...
April 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386841/association-between-education-level-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-among-older-patients
#9
LETTER
Chia-Ter Chao, Hung-Bin Tsai, Chih-Kang Chiang, Jenq-Wen Huang, Kuan-Yu Hung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382605/fall-induced-wounds-and-lacerations-in-older-finns-between-1970-and-2014
#10
Pekka Kannus, Seppo Niemi, Harri Sievänen, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: Fall-induced injuries in elderly people are a growing public health issue. AIM: We aimed to determine the current trends in the fall-induced severe wounds and lacerations among older adults in Finland-an EU country with a well-defined Caucasian population of 5.5 million. METHODS: The injury trends were assessed by taking into account all persons 80 years of age or older who were admitted to Finnish hospitals for primary treatment of these injuries during 1970-2014...
April 5, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378230/can-older-adults-improve-the-identification-of-moderate-intensity-using-walking-cadence
#11
A G McLellan, Jana Slaght, C M Craig, A Mayo, M Sénéchal, Danielle R Bouchard
BACKGROUND: The majority of older adults do not reach the physical activity guidelines. One possible explanation for this may be that older adults overestimate their physical activity levels, because they are unable to identify exercise intensity. METHODS: Forty-four older adults were recruited and randomly assigned into two walking groups lasting 6 weeks. The intervention group was asked to walk a minimum of 150 min per week at moderate intensity using walking cadence indicated with a pedometer...
April 4, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374345/tools-for-assessing-fall-risk-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Seong-Hi Park
The prevention of falls among the elderly is arguably one of the most important public health issues in today's aging society. The aim of this study was to assess which tools best predict the risk of falls in the elderly. Electronic searches were performed using Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, etc., using the following keywords: "fall risk assessment", "elderly fall screening", and "elderly mobility scale". The QUADAS-2 was applied to assess the internal validity of the diagnostic studies. Selected studies were meta-analyzed with MetaDisc 1...
April 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364311/erratum-to-sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-in-comparison-prevalence-metabolic-profile-and-key-differences-a-cross-sectional-study-in-italian-hospitalized-elderly
#13
Simone Perna, Gabriella Peroni, Milena Anna Faliva, Arianna Bartolo, Maurizio Naso, Alessandra Miccono, Mariangela Rondanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361466/research-with-and-about-user-participation-potentials-and-challenges
#14
Marianne Kylberg, Maria Haak, Susanne Iwarsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353219/prevalence-and-conversion-to-dementia-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-an-elderly-italian-population
#15
Federica Limongi, Paola Siviero, Marianna Noale, Antonella Gesmundo, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) represents a significant risk factor for dementia but there are only a few Italian population studies on its prevalence and its rate of conversion to dementia. AIMS: Aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MCI, its subtypes, and rates of conversion to dementia 1 year later in an elderly Italian population. METHODS: The data are based on an Italian multicenter population-based cohort study with both cross-sectional and longitudinal components...
March 28, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353218/the-13-year-observation-of-hip-fracture-in-poland-worrying-trend-and-prognosis-for-the-future
#16
Robert Wilk, Michał Skrzypek, Małgorzata Kowalska, Damian Kusz, Bogdan Koczy, Piotr Zagórski, Wojciech Pluskiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are often considered to be one of the most common osteoporotic fractures. In our previous study, we noted the increasing trend in the total number of hip fractures as well as crude and standardized rates, for both women and men. This observation enabled us to delve deeper into the study of osteoporotic fractures. METHODS: Hospital records between 1.01.2002 and 31.12.2014 with ICD-10 codes S72.0. S72.1 and S72.2 (femoral neck. intertrochanteric, subtrochanteric, and inter and subtrochanteric fracture) were analysed...
March 28, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284002/non-persistence-with-antiplatelet-therapy-in-elderly-patients-after-a-transient-ischemic-attack
#17
Martin Wawruch, Dusan Zatko, Gejza Wimmer, Jan Luha, Sona Wimmerova, Peter Kukumberg, Jan Murin, Adam Hloska, Tomas Tesar, Rashmi Shah
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy following a transient ischemic attack (TIA) constitutes an important secondary prevention measure. AIMS: The study was aimed at evaluating the development of non-persistence with antiplatelet therapy in elderly patients after a TIA and identifying patient-related characteristics associated with the probability of non-persistence during the follow-up period. METHODS: The study cohort (n = 854) was selected from the database of the largest health insurance provider of the Slovak Republic...
March 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275956/de-educate-to-re-educate-aging-and-low-back-pain
#18
Adriaan Louw, Kory Zimney, Eldon A Johnson, Chris Kraemer, Justin Fesler, Tyler Burcham
BACKGROUND: Patients' beliefs about their condition have been shown to play a significant role in their pain experience and response to treatment, especially when a patient sees their tissue health as vulnerable or aged. Educational can alter these beliefs. Prior to new information, patients often have to be de-educated regarding common misbeliefs to undergo re-education. AIMS: To determine if a brief de-education session regarding aging and low back pain (LBP) can shift pain ratings, fear-avoidance beliefs, beliefs regarding aging and LBP, and limited active trunk flexion...
March 9, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265974/elder-abuse-in-europe-s-most-elderly-city-an-assessment-of-the-phenomenon-and-an-analysis-of-the-data-from-the-penal-court-of-genoa-from-2010-to-2015
#19
Andrea Molinelli, Francesco Ventura, Sara Lo Pinto, Martina Drommi, Francesco De Stefano
INTRODUCTION: In Italy, 5% of the elderly are estimated to have suffered abuse. While the Penal Code refers to generic types of abuse, such as physical and psychological maltreatment, abandonment and financial fraud, it does not specifically protect the elderly as a category. AIMS: To assess the frequency and modalities of elder abuse in Genoa and its Province, and to compare these data with those reported in the literature, in order to provide a picture of the current situation that can be used by the authorities to combat this phenomenon...
March 6, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265973/weight-change-and-risk-of-hyperglycaemia-in-elderly-women
#20
Katrine Dragsbæk, Jesper S Neergaard, Claus Christiansen, Morten A Karsdal, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Susanne Brix, Kim Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke, and is influenced by weight. However, the impact of preceding weight change on blood glycemia levels in late-life is less well understood. AIM: We studied the interplay between weight change and risk of hyperglycaemia in a prospective cohort of elderly women. METHODS: Elderly Caucasian women (age: 67.1 years at baseline, n = 1173) enrolled in the Prospective Epidemiological Risk Factor study with baseline and 13-year follow-up measurements of BMI and fasting glucose levels (FPG) and no previous history of diabetes or impaired fasting glucose...
March 6, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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