journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213740/predictors-of-institutionalization-among-home-dwelling-older-finnish-people-a-22-year-follow-up-study
#1
Marika Salminen, Jenni Vire, Laura Viikari, Tero Vahlberg, Hannu Isoaho, Aapo Lehtonen, Matti Viitanen, Seija Arve, Sini Eloranta
BACKGROUND: Identification of predictive factors on institutionalization provides the basis for the development and application of preadmission assessment. There is a lack of evidence for predictors of institutionalization for older people. AIMS: To examine the effect of predictive factors on institutionalization in home-dwelling 70-year-old people. METHODS: The data were collected in 1991 by the clinical examinations, a postal questionnaire, and an interview from the residents of Turku, Finland, born in 1920 (n = 1032)...
February 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211026/social-networks-and-health-status-in-the-elderly-the-anziani-in-rete-population-based-study
#2
Luca Bianchetti, Flaminio Squazzoni, Niccolò Casnici, Devis Bianchini, Emirena Garrafa, Claudia Archetti, Valentina Romano, Luca Rozzini, Michele Melchiori, Chiara Fiorentini, Daniela Uberti, Stefano Calza, Alessandra Marengoni
BACKGROUND: Certain features of the social environment could maintain and even improve not only psychological well-being, but also health and cognition of the elderly. AIMS: We tested the association between social network characteristics and the number of chronic diseases in the elderly. METHODS: A randomized sample of the elderly population of Brescia, Italy, was evaluated (N = 200, age ≥65 years). We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment, including information on socio-demographic variables (family, friendships, and acquaintance contacts)...
February 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205151/acknowledgement-to-referees
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190149/possibilities-of-ict-supported-services-in-the-clinical-management-of-older-adults
#4
Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Stephanie Jansen-Kosterink, Monique Tabak, Luca Carlo Feletti, Gianluca Zia, Aurèle N'dja, Hermie Hermens
Services making use of information and communication technology (ICT) are of potential interest to face the challenges of our aging society. Aim of this article is to describe the possible field of application for ICT-supported services in the management of older adults, in particular those with functional impairment. The current status of ICT-supported services is described and examples of how these services can be implemented in everyday practice are given. Upcoming technical solutions and future directions are also addressed...
February 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188558/rationale-for-a-preliminary-operational-definition-of-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-the-sprintt-trial
#5
Matteo Cesari, Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Patrick Kortebein, Susanna Del Signore, Regis Le Lain, Bruno Vellas, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
In the present article, the rationale that guided the operationalization of the theoretical concept of physical frailty and sarcopenia (PF&S), the condition of interest for the "Sarcopenia and Physical Frailty in Older People: Multicomponent Treatment Strategies" (SPRINTT) trial, is presented. In particular, the decisions lead to the choice of the adopted instruments, and the reasons for setting the relevant thresholds are explained. In SPRINTT, the concept of physical frailty is translated with a Short Physical Performance Battery score of ≥3 and ≤9...
February 10, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188557/physical-frailty-sarcopenia-and-the-enablement-of-autonomy-philosophical-issues-in-geriatric-medicine
#6
Alessandro Blasimme
Physical frailty and loss of muscular mass (sarcopenia) are believed to be predictors of age-related conditions, such as disability and loss of autonomy. In this paper, I show that what in political and moral philosophy has come to be known as "the capability approach" may indeed provide much needed conceptual clarification in the area of frailty research. Other than being useful at the theoretical level, the capability approach can definitely help in the implementation of clinical guidelines and public health measures aimed at translating the results that are accumulating from frailty research...
February 10, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181206/ginkgo-biloba-special-extract-li-1370-improves-dual-task-walking-in-patients-with-mci-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-exploratory-study
#7
Yves J Gschwind, Stephanie A Bridenbaugh, Sarah Reinhard, Urs Granacher, Andreas U Monsch, Reto W Kressig
BACKGROUND: In patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), gait instability, particularly in dual-task situations, has been associated with impaired executive function and an increased fall risk. Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) could be an effective mean to improve gait stability. AIMS: This study investigated the effect of GBE on spatio-temporal gait parameters of MCI patients while walking under single and dual-task conditions. METHODS: Fifty patients aged 50-85 years with MCI and associated dual-task-related gait impairment participated in this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, exploratory phase IV drug trial...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181205/alcohol-and-other-drug-use-in-older-adults-results-from-a-community-needs-assessment
#8
Emily Loscalzo, Robert C Sterling, Stephen P Weinstein, Brooke Salzman
BACKGROUND: With the "Baby Boomer" generation reaching older adulthood, substance abuse treatment providers find themselves needing to address the unique needs of this population. Heavy drinking in adults ages 65 and over is strongly correlated with depression, anxiety, decreased social support, and poor health. However, while alcohol misuse has been shown to be predictive of a lower quality of life in older adults, the generalizability of these findings to urban dwelling, lower socioeconomic status individuals remains unclear...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181204/physical-activity-and-exercise-as-countermeasures-to-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#9
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Marianna Broccatelli, Giulia Savera, Mariaelena D'Elia, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
The identification of cost-effective interventions that improve the health status and prevent disability in old age is one of the most important public health challenges. Regular physical activity is the only intervention that has consistently been shown to improve functional health and energy balance and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, several cancers, depression and falls. In advanced age, physical activity is also effective at mitigating sarcopenia, restoring robustness, and preventing/delaying the development of disability...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176249/measurement-of-muscle-mass-in-sarcopenia-from-imaging-to-biochemical-markers
#10
Matteo Tosato, Emanuele Marzetti, Matteo Cesari, Giulia Savera, Ram R Miller, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani
Sarcopenia encompasses the loss of muscle mass and strength/function during aging. Several methods are available for the estimation of muscle or lean body mass. Popular assessment tools include body imaging techniques (e.g., magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, dual X-ray absorptiometry, ultrasonography), bioelectric impedance analysis, anthropometric parameters (e.g., calf circumference, mid-arm muscle circumference), and biochemical markers (total or partial body potassium, serum and urinary creatinine, deuterated creatine dilution method)...
February 7, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160254/association-between-low-lean-mass-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-653-women-with-hip-fracture-does-the-definition-of-low-lean-mass-matter
#11
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Roberto Di Monaco, Rosa Tappero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Loss of both muscle and bone mass results in fragility fractures with increased risk of disability, poor quality of life, and death. Our aim was to assess the association between low appendicular lean mass (aLM) defined according to different criteria and low bone mineral density (BMD) in hip-fracture women. METHODS: Six hundred fifty-three women admitted to our rehabilitation hospital underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry 19.1 ± 4...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160253/physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-pf-s-a-point-of-view-from-the-industry
#12
Susanna Del Signore, Ronenn Roubenoff
We have observed over the last 15 years a wide debate both in the medical scientific community and in the public health arena on the definition and operationalization of frailty, typically a geriatric condition, and in particular of physical frailty linked to sarcopenia. Because physical frailty in its initial phase can still be reversed, fighting sarcopenia in elderly persons has the potential to slow or halt progressive decline towards disability and dependency. Quite recently, regulators focused attention on frailty as an indicator of biological age to be measured to characterize elderly patients before their inclusion in clinical trials...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160252/preventing-mobility-disability-in-europe-a-health-economics-perspective-from-the-sprintt-study
#13
Nicolas Sirven, Thomas Rapp, Silvia Coretti, Matteo Ruggeri, Americo Cicchetti
In a global context of population aging, gaining better knowledge of the mechanisms leading to loss of autonomy has become a major objective, notably with the aim of implementing effective preventive health policies. The concept of frailty, originally introduced in gerontology and geriatrics as a precursor state to functional dependency, appears as a useful tool in this specific context. The "Sarcopenia and Physical fRailty IN older people: multi-componenT Treatment strategies" (SPRINTT) project will provide a unique opportunity to explore health economics issues associated with frailty...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155183/sarcopenia-an-overview
#14
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Agnese Collamati, Emanuela D'Angelo, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
Sarcopenia, the age-dependent loss of muscle mass and function, is a common condition among older adults, and is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Owing to the impact of sarcopenia on quality of life, disability and mortality, a greater awareness is necessary in order to correctly identify the condition both in community and geriatric settings. Research on sarcopenia prevention and treatment is developing quickly, but many questions are still unanswered. The core of the sarcopenia condition involves quantitative and qualitative losses of skeletal muscle...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155182/italians-do-it-worse-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-optimal-cut-off-scores-for-people-with-probable-alzheimer-s-disease-and-with-probable-cognitive-impairment
#15
Andrea Bosco, Giuseppina Spano, Alessandro O Caffò, Antonella Lopez, Ignazio Grattagliano, Giuseppe Saracino, Katia Pinto, Frans Hoogeveen, Giulio E Lancioni
Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) is a test providing a brief screening for people with cognitive impairment due to aging or neurodegenerative syndromes. In Italy, as in the rest of the world, several validation studies of MoCA have been carried out. This study compared, for the first time in Italy, a sample of people with probable Alzheimer's Disease (AD) with healthy counterparts. The study also compared two community-dwelling groups of aged participants with and without probable cognitive impairment, as discriminated by two cut-off points of adjusted MMSE score...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155181/nutrition-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#16
Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Eva Kiesswetter, Michael Drey, Cornel C Sieber
Frailty and sarcopenia are important concepts in the quest to prevent physical dependence, as geriatrics are shifting towards identifications of early stages of disability. Definitions of both sarcopenia and frailty are still developing, and both concepts clearly overlap in their physical aspects. Malnutrition (both undernutrition and obesity) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of frailty and sarcopenia. The quality of the diet along the lifespan has a close relation with the incidence of both entities, and nutritional interventions may be able to reduce the incidence or revert either of them...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155180/biomarkers-for-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#17
Riccardo Calvani, Federico Marini, Matteo Cesari, Matteo Tosato, Anna Picca, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling, Ram R Miller, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi, Emanuele Marzetti
Physical frailty (PF) and sarcopenia are major health issues in geriatric populations, given their high prevalence and association with several adverse outcomes. Nevertheless, the lack of an univocal operational definition for the two conditions has so far hampered their clinical implementation. Existing definitional ambiguities of PF and sarcopenia, together with their complex underlying pathophysiology, also account for the absence of robust biomarkers that can be used for screening, diagnostic and/or prognostication purposes...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155179/the-need-of-operational-paradigms-for-frailty-in-older-persons-the-sprintt-project
#18
Matteo Cesari, Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Bruno Vellas, Roberto Bernabei, Philippe Bordes, Ronenn Roubenoff, Francesco Landi, Antonio Cherubini
The exploration of frailty as a pre-disability geriatric condition represents one of the most promising research arenas of modern medicine. Frailty is today indicated as a paradigmatic condition around which the traditional healthcare systems might be re-shaped and optimized in order to address the complexities and peculiarities of elders. Unfortunately, the lack of consensus around a single operational definition has limited the clinical implementation of frailty in clinical practice. In these last years, growing attention (even beyond the traditional boundaries of geriatric medicine) has been given to physical performance measures...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144914/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-randomized-controlled-trial-design-and-methods
#19
Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Raphael Bejuit, Jerome Mshid, Sandrine Andrieu, Alan J Sinclair, Cornel C Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Eva Topinkova, Timo Strandberg, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The sustainability of health and social care systems is threatened by a growing population of older persons with heterogeneous needs related to multimorbidity, frailty, and increased risk of functional impairment. Since disability is difficult to reverse in old age and is extremely burdensome for individuals and society, novel strategies should be devised to preserve adequate levels of function and independence in late life. The development of mobility disability, an early event in the disablement process, precedes and predicts more severe forms of inability...
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144913/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-project-advancing-the-care-of-physically-frail-and-sarcopenic-older-people
#20
EDITORIAL
Roberto Bernabei, Luca Mariotti, Philippe Bordes, Ronenn Roubenoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
journal
journal
39936
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"