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International Journal of MS Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896053/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
Francois Bethoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896052/somatic-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Salene M W Jones, Rana Salem, Dagmar Amtmann
Background: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at increased risk for depression and anxiety. The symptoms of MS are often similar to the somatic or physical symptoms of depression and anxiety (fatigue, trouble concentrating). This study examined whether MS symptoms and effects biased the assessment of somatic symptoms of anxiety and depression. Methods: People with MS (n = 513) completed a survey about MS symptoms, treatments, and distress. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 assessed depression, and the patient-report version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders assessed anxiety...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896051/-case-report-osmotic-demyelination-syndrome-in-an-adolescent-with-neuromyelitis-optica
#3
Sarah Kariv, Kathleen Bateman
A 17-year-old girl presented with intractable vomiting due to area postrema involvement in the first presentation of seronegative neuromyelitis optica (NMO). During the course of her illness, she developed mild hyponatremia, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormalities consistent with the co-occurrence of osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS). This combination of imaging features is novel, and this case expands the spectrum of brain abnormalities seen in NMO and NMO spectrum disorders. It was suspected that NMO may predispose to ODS by causing astrocyte dysfunction involving aquaporin 4 water channels, which are implicated in both conditions...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896050/-short-report-a-pilot-study-of-a-group-positive-psychology-intervention-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Kaitlynne Leclaire, Audrey Cecil, Allison LaRussa, Fiona Stuart, Christopher C Hemond, Brian C Healy, Tanuja Chitnis, Howard Weiner, Jeff Huffman, Bonnie I Glanz
Background: Positive psychology uses targeted activities to increase the frequency and intensity of positive emotional experiences. Positive psychology interventions that increase positive constructs may facilitate adjustment and improve well-being in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a 5-week group positive psychology intervention for patients with MS. In addition, we examined the utility of the group intervention to increase positive psychological constructs and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896049/social-cognitive-theory-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-inactive-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Marcin Kacper Uszynski, Blathin Casey, Sara Hayes, Stephen Gallagher, Helen Purtill, Robert W Motl, Susan Coote
Background: There is a growing body of evidence that physical activity (PA) improves symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Despite the benefits of PA, people with MS are relatively inactive compared with their healthy counterparts. This study investigated associations between social cognitive theory (SCT) constructs and energy expenditure (EE) as an objective measure of PA in a sample of inactive people with MS. Methods: Participants (n = 65) completed several questionnaires and were assessed using standardized outcome measures as part of a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial (Step it Up)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896048/investigation-of-the-feasibility-of-an-intervention-to-manage-fall-risk-in-wheeled-mobility-device-users-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Laura A Rice, Zadok Isaacs, Cherita Ousley, Jacob Sosnoff
Background: Falls are a common concern for wheeled mobility device users with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, no evidence-based fall prevention programs have been developed to meet the specific needs of the population. We examine the preliminary feasibility of a fall management intervention in wheeled mobility device users with MS. Methods: Study participants were exposed to an intervention program targeting risk factors for falls, including transfer skills and seated postural control...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896047/target-coping-strategies-for-interventions-aimed-at-maximizing-psychosocial-adjustment-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
Background: The experience of psychological distress is prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), including high levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. It has been shown that people with MS use less adaptive coping compared with healthy individuals. This study examined the ability of coping strategies to predict maladaptive and adaptive psychosocial outcomes across areas of stress, depression, anxiety, and quality of life (QOL) in people with MS. Methods: 107 people with MS completed measures of depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), QOL (Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54), stress (Daily Hassles Scale), and coping (COPE inventory)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896046/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-personality-and-psychological-well-being-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Cristiano Crescentini, Alessio Matiz, Matteo Cimenti, Eric Pascoli, Roberto Eleopra, Franco Fabbro
Background: Varied evidence shows that mindfulness-oriented meditation improves individuals' mental health, positively influencing practitioners' personality profiles as well. A limited number of studies are beginning to show that this type of meditation may also be a helpful therapeutic option for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: We evaluated the effects of an 8-week mindfulness-oriented meditation training on the personality profiles, anxiety and depression symptoms, and mindfulness skills of a group of patients with MS...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681777/effects-of-torso-weighting-on-standing-balance-and-falls-during-the-sensory-organization-test-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Kristin K Horn, Diane D Allen, Cynthia Gibson-Horn, Gail L Widener
Background: In people with multiple sclerosis (MS), common gait and balance impairments can lead to falls, fear of falling, activity restriction, and social isolation. Sensory augmentation in the form of torso-weighting has resulted in improvement in gait and balance, but research on its effect on falls in MS is lacking. Methods: 60 people with MS and 10 bin-matched controls completed the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) while nonweighted and again while weighted using the Balance-Based Torso-Weighting assessment method...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670496/editorial
#10
EDITORIAL
Francois Bethoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670495/impact-of-pilates-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Whitney R D Duff, Justin W Andrushko, Doug W Renshaw, Philip D Chilibeck, Jonathan P Farthing, Jana Danielson, Charity D Evans
Background: Pilates is a series of exercises based on whole-body movement and may improve mobility in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates on walking performance in people with MS. Methods: 30 individuals with MS who were not restricted to a wheelchair or scooter (Patient-Determined Disease Steps scale score <7) were randomized to receive Pilates (twice weekly) and massage therapy (once weekly) or once-weekly massage therapy only (control group)...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670494/social-identity-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-examination-of-family-identity-and-mood
#12
Alex B Barker, Nadina B Lincoln, Nigel Hunt, Roshan dasNair
Background: Mood disorders are highly prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). MS causes changes to a person's sense of self. The Social Identity Model of Identity Change posits that group membership can have a positive effect on mood during identity change. The family is a social group implicated in adjustment to MS. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether family identity can predict mood in people with MS and to test whether this prediction was mediated by social support and connectedness to others...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670493/diagnoses-of-depression-and-anxiety-versus-current-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Ruth Ann Marrie, Scott B Patten, Lindsay I Berrigan, Helen Tremlett, Christina Wolfson, Sharon Warren, Stella Leung, Kirsten M Fiest, Kyla A McKay, John D Fisk
Background: Studies assessing the prevalence of depression and anxiety in multiple sclerosis (MS) have used various ascertainment methods that capture different constructs. The relationships between these methods are incompletely understood. Psychiatric comorbidity is associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in MS, but the effects of past diagnoses of depression and anxiety on HRQOL are largely unknown. We compared the prevalence of depression and anxiety in persons with MS using administrative data, self-reported physician diagnoses, and symptom-based measures and compared characteristics of persons classified as depressed or anxious by each method...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670492/fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-signal-intensity-as-a-predictor-of-gadolinium-enhancement-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Mihail Guranda, Marco Essig, Ariane Poulin, Reza Vosoughi
Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to diagnose and monitor disease activity in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). The objective of this study was to explore the association of "ultrabright" axial fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) lesions with gadolinium enhancement in patients with RRMS using qualitative and quantitative approaches. Methods: MRIs from patients with RRMS from 2010 to 2015 were reviewed. Two radiologists independently identified ultrabright lesions on axial FLAIR sequences...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670491/a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-cognitive-fatigue-on-a-task-of-sustained-attention-in-early-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Jason A Berard, Andra M Smith, Lisa A S Walker
Background: Cognitive fatigue can be objectively measured on tasks of sustained attention and can be defined as decreased performance as a result of sustained cognitive effort. Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) early in their disease are vulnerable to cognitive fatigue, although this has yet to be evaluated longitudinally. We aimed to evaluate cognitive fatigue over a 3-year interval in individuals with early-phase relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The sensitivity of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) at detecting cognitive fatigue was evaluated, as was the impact of scoring method...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507544/editorial
#16
EDITORIAL
Francois Bethoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507543/reliability-and-validity-of-a-danish-version-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-neuropsychological-screening-questionnaire
#17
Tobias Sejbæk, Morten Blaabjerg, Pippi Sprogøe, Mads Ravnborg
Background: More than half of all patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) acquire cognitive impairment as part of their disease progression. Because cognitive dysfunction adds substantially to disability and coping strategies, a cost-effective screening tool is needed for cognitive impairment. The Multiple Sclerosis Neuropsychological Screening Questionnaire (MSNQ) has previously shown good validity in American, Argentinean, and Dutch MS cohorts. We sought to test reliability and validity of a Danish translation of the MSNQ compared with formal neuropsychological testing, and measures of depression and disability, and to compare self-reported cognition with Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) results...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507542/-short-report-evaluation-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-training-for-psychologists-working-with-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Kenneth I Pakenham, Theresa Scott, Michele Messmer Uccelli
Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is the most widely used and researched recent variant of cognitive behavioral therapy and has been shown to increase quality of life in people with chronic illnesses, including multiple sclerosis (MS). However, few MS health practitioners are trained in ACT. This study evaluated a 2-day ACT training workshop for Italian psychologists working with people with MS. Methods: Data were collected via online questionnaires from 34 psychologists before the workshop, after the workshop, and at 6-month follow-up...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507541/projecting-the-adequacy-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-neurologist-workforce
#19
Michael T Halpern, Heather Kane, Stephanie Teixeira-Poit, Corey Ford, Barbara Giesser, June Halper, Shana Johnson, Nicholas G LaRocca, Aaron Miller, Steven P Ringel
Background: Anecdotal reports suggest shortages among neurologists who provide multiple sclerosis (MS) patient care. However, little information is available regarding the current and future supply of and demand for this neurologist workforce. Methods: We used information from neurologist and neurology resident surveys, professional organizations, and previously reported studies to develop a model assessing the projected supply and demand (ie, expected physician visits) of neurologists providing MS patient care...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507540/association-between-pain-and-mindfulness-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Angela Senders, Alena Borgatti, Douglas Hanes, Lynne Shinto
Background: Chronic pain is a common symptom in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and often requires a multimodal approach to care. The practice of mindfulness has been shown to decrease the experience of pain in other conditions, yet little is known about the relationship between mindfulness and pain in people with MS. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between pain interference and trait mindfulness in people with MS. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, 132 people with any type of MS completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Pain Interference scale and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
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