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International Journal of MS Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150905/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
Francois Bethoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150904/factors-associated-with-sexual-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment
#2
Samantha Domingo, Tyler Kinzy, Nicolas Thompson, Shauna Gales, Lael Stone, Amy Sullivan
Background: Sexual dysfunction is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) that often goes unreported by both the patient and the clinician. Sexual dysfunction can affect a person's mood, relationships, daily functioning, and quality of life. Gaining a better understanding of the prevalence and nature of sexual dysfunction in individuals with MS would not only help identify patients with this problem but also determine contributing factors, which can inform treatment alternatives available to the patient...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150903/-case-report-effect-of-antigravity-treadmill-training-on-muscle-oxidative-capacity-muscle-endurance-and-walking-function-in-a-person-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
T Bradley Willingham, Jonathan Melbourn, Marina Moldavskiy, Kevin K McCully, Deborah Backus
Background: Exercise training can improve skeletal muscle metabolism in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, quantification of exercise-mediated improvements in muscle metabolism has been limited, particularly in people with high levels of disability. We evaluated the effect of 9 weeks of antigravity treadmill training on muscle oxidative capacity and muscle endurance and assessed the relationship to walking function in a person with MS. Methods: One person with MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale score, 6...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150902/-case-report-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-as-the-first-manifestation-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Valentina Quintana-Peña, Yuri Takeuchi, Jairo Quiñones
Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by brief recurrent episodes of loss of muscle atonia during rapid eye movement sleep, with enacted dreams that cause sleep disruption. Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have an increased risk compared with the general population to be affected by a sleep disturbance, including RBD. Patients affected, however, uncommonly can present RBD as the first clinical manifestation of MS without other neurologic deficits. These clinical presentations have usually been attributed to inflammatory lesions in the pedunculopontine nuclei, located in the dorsal pons...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150901/longitudinal-stability-of-cognition-in-early-phase-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-does-cognitive-reserve-play-a-role
#5
Roxana M Barbu, Jason A Berard, Louise M Gresham, Lisa A S Walker
Background: Up to 70% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience cognitive impairment. Some remain cognitively intact despite advanced disease. Cognitive reserve (CR) theory postulates that individuals with higher levels of intellectual enrichment can tolerate more pathology than others before exhibiting cognitive impairment. Methods: Thirty-two individuals with early-phase relapsing-remitting MS with mild physical disability and disease duration less than 10 years and 32 controls were recruited...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150900/effects-of-external-perturbations-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-a-fall-history
#6
Shirin Tajali, Mina Rouhani, Mohammad Mehravar, Hossein Negahban, Elham Sadati, Ali E Oskouei
Background: Although previous studies have investigated postural adjustment mechanisms in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), it seems that no study has yet investigated the relationship between anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments (APAs and CPAs, respectively) and falls. Methods: Seventeen MS fallers, 17 MS nonfallers, and 15 controls were exposed to a series of expected and unexpected backward pull perturbations applied at the trunk level. The electrical activity of 12 leg and trunk muscles as well as center of pressure displacement were recorded...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150899/validation-of-the-2-minute-walk-test-with-the-6-minute-walk-test-and-other-functional-measures-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
David A Scalzitti, Kenneth J Harwood, Joyce R Maring, Susan J Leach, Elizabeth A Ruckert, Ellen Costello
Background: Persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) commonly have difficulty walking. The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) assesses functional capacity but may be considered burdensome for persons with MS, especially those with higher disability levels. The 2-Minute Walk Test (2MWT) may be an alternative measure to the 6MWT. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the 2MWT in persons with MS. Methods: Twenty-eight ambulatory persons with MS aged 18 to 64 years participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150898/-short-report-prevalence-of-cognitive-impairment-in-newly-diagnosed-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Giulia DiGiuseppe, Mervin Blair, Sarah A Morrow
Background: Cognitive impairment is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and can manifest early in the disease process, sometimes as early as the first demyelinating event. However, the frequency of cognitive impairment in a newly diagnosed MS population has not been evaluated comprehensively in a clinical population. We sought to examine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) within a year of diagnosis in a clinic where cognitive testing at diagnosis is part of routine practice...
July 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896053/editorial
#9
EDITORIAL
Francois Bethoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896052/somatic-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Salene M W Jones, Rana Salem, Dagmar Amtmann
Background: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at increased risk for depression and anxiety. The symptoms of MS are often similar to the somatic or physical symptoms of depression and anxiety (fatigue, trouble concentrating). This study examined whether MS symptoms and effects biased the assessment of somatic symptoms of anxiety and depression. Methods: People with MS (n = 513) completed a survey about MS symptoms, treatments, and distress. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 assessed depression, and the patient-report version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders assessed anxiety...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896051/-case-report-osmotic-demyelination-syndrome-in-an-adolescent-with-neuromyelitis-optica
#11
Sarah Kariv, Kathleen Bateman
A 17-year-old girl presented with intractable vomiting due to area postrema involvement in the first presentation of seronegative neuromyelitis optica (NMO). During the course of her illness, she developed mild hyponatremia, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormalities consistent with the co-occurrence of osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS). This combination of imaging features is novel, and this case expands the spectrum of brain abnormalities seen in NMO and NMO spectrum disorders. It was suspected that NMO may predispose to ODS by causing astrocyte dysfunction involving aquaporin 4 water channels, which are implicated in both conditions...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896050/-short-report-a-pilot-study-of-a-group-positive-psychology-intervention-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Kaitlynne Leclaire, Audrey Cecil, Allison LaRussa, Fiona Stuart, Christopher C Hemond, Brian C Healy, Tanuja Chitnis, Howard Weiner, Jeff Huffman, Bonnie I Glanz
Background: Positive psychology uses targeted activities to increase the frequency and intensity of positive emotional experiences. Positive psychology interventions that increase positive constructs may facilitate adjustment and improve well-being in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a 5-week group positive psychology intervention for patients with MS. In addition, we examined the utility of the group intervention to increase positive psychological constructs and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896049/social-cognitive-theory-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-inactive-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Marcin Kacper Uszynski, Blathin Casey, Sara Hayes, Stephen Gallagher, Helen Purtill, Robert W Motl, Susan Coote
Background: There is a growing body of evidence that physical activity (PA) improves symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Despite the benefits of PA, people with MS are relatively inactive compared with their healthy counterparts. This study investigated associations between social cognitive theory (SCT) constructs and energy expenditure (EE) as an objective measure of PA in a sample of inactive people with MS. Methods: Participants (n = 65) completed several questionnaires and were assessed using standardized outcome measures as part of a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial (Step it Up)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896048/investigation-of-the-feasibility-of-an-intervention-to-manage-fall-risk-in-wheeled-mobility-device-users-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Laura A Rice, Zadok Isaacs, Cherita Ousley, Jacob Sosnoff
Background: Falls are a common concern for wheeled mobility device users with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, no evidence-based fall prevention programs have been developed to meet the specific needs of the population. We examine the preliminary feasibility of a fall management intervention in wheeled mobility device users with MS. Methods: Study participants were exposed to an intervention program targeting risk factors for falls, including transfer skills and seated postural control...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896047/target-coping-strategies-for-interventions-aimed-at-maximizing-psychosocial-adjustment-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
Background: The experience of psychological distress is prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), including high levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. It has been shown that people with MS use less adaptive coping compared with healthy individuals. This study examined the ability of coping strategies to predict maladaptive and adaptive psychosocial outcomes across areas of stress, depression, anxiety, and quality of life (QOL) in people with MS. Methods: 107 people with MS completed measures of depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), QOL (Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54), stress (Daily Hassles Scale), and coping (COPE inventory)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896046/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-personality-and-psychological-well-being-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Cristiano Crescentini, Alessio Matiz, Matteo Cimenti, Eric Pascoli, Roberto Eleopra, Franco Fabbro
Background: Varied evidence shows that mindfulness-oriented meditation improves individuals' mental health, positively influencing practitioners' personality profiles as well. A limited number of studies are beginning to show that this type of meditation may also be a helpful therapeutic option for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: We evaluated the effects of an 8-week mindfulness-oriented meditation training on the personality profiles, anxiety and depression symptoms, and mindfulness skills of a group of patients with MS...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681777/effects-of-torso-weighting-on-standing-balance-and-falls-during-the-sensory-organization-test-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Kristin K Horn, Diane D Allen, Cynthia Gibson-Horn, Gail L Widener
Background: In people with multiple sclerosis (MS), common gait and balance impairments can lead to falls, fear of falling, activity restriction, and social isolation. Sensory augmentation in the form of torso-weighting has resulted in improvement in gait and balance, but research on its effect on falls in MS is lacking. Methods: 60 people with MS and 10 bin-matched controls completed the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) while nonweighted and again while weighted using the Balance-Based Torso-Weighting assessment method...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670496/editorial
#18
EDITORIAL
Francois Bethoux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670495/impact-of-pilates-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Whitney R D Duff, Justin W Andrushko, Doug W Renshaw, Philip D Chilibeck, Jonathan P Farthing, Jana Danielson, Charity D Evans
Background: Pilates is a series of exercises based on whole-body movement and may improve mobility in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates on walking performance in people with MS. Methods: 30 individuals with MS who were not restricted to a wheelchair or scooter (Patient-Determined Disease Steps scale score <7) were randomized to receive Pilates (twice weekly) and massage therapy (once weekly) or once-weekly massage therapy only (control group)...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670494/social-identity-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-examination-of-family-identity-and-mood
#20
Alex B Barker, Nadina B Lincoln, Nigel Hunt, Roshan dasNair
Background: Mood disorders are highly prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). MS causes changes to a person's sense of self. The Social Identity Model of Identity Change posits that group membership can have a positive effect on mood during identity change. The family is a social group implicated in adjustment to MS. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether family identity can predict mood in people with MS and to test whether this prediction was mediated by social support and connectedness to others...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
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