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Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Michael P Burke, Lauren H Martini, Christine E Blake, Nicholas A Younginer, Carrie L Draper, Bethany A Bell, Angela D Liese, Sonya J Jones
OBJECTIVE: To examine the strategies and behaviors caregivers use to manage the household food supply when their children experience food insecurity as measured by the US Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with open-ended questions collected in person. SETTING: Urban and nonurban areas, South Carolina, US. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers who reported food insecurity among their children (n = 746)...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Robin S DeWeese, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the prices of unhealthy (chips) and healthy (ready-to-eat fruit) snacks that students are likely to purchase from corner stores. METHODS: Snacks were purchased from 325 New Jersey corner stores; chip prices were compared with fruit prices overall and by store sales volume and block group characteristics. RESULTS: Prices did not differ significantly between chips and fruit in the overall sample in which both items were available (n = 104) (chips: $0...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Cassandra S Diep, Randall Leung, Debbe I Thompson, Beverly J Gor, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: To examine Chinese American children's behaviors, food preferences, and cultural influences on their diet. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews using constructs from the proposed model of dietary acculturation. SETTING: Community centers and Chinese schools in Houston, TX. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five Chinese American children aged 9-13 years. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Diet, favorite restaurants, and parents' cooking and grocery shopping habits...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Alison Harmon, Kara Landolfi, Carmen Byker Shanks, Leanna Hansen, Laura Iverson, Melody Anacker
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in empathy in students completing a food insecurity experience. DESIGN: Mixed methods; quantitative data from survey in years 1 and 2; qualitative data extracted from students' workbooks in years 2-5. This study was conducted over 10 weeks annually for 5 years. SETTING: Northwest US land-grant university. PARTICIPANTS: Students enrolled in a community nutrition course who chose to complete the food insecurity exercise...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Alejandra Arrúa, Leticia Vidal, Lucía Antúnez, Leandro Machín, Joseline Martínez, María Rosa Curutchet, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of label design on children's perception of 2 popular snack foods across 3 income levels. DESIGN: Labels of 2 snack products (yogurt and sponge cake) were designed using a fractional factorial design with 3 2-level variables: cartoon character, nutrition claims, and front-of-package nutritional information. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 221 children (aged 9-13 years) from Montevideo, Uruguay, with different income levels, participated in the study...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Laura C Hopkins, Neal H Hooker, Carolyn Gunther
The Summer Electronic Benefits Transfer for Children (SEBTC) has been proposed as a solution to address the problem of child food security during the summer. Initial SEBTC findings from a demonstration project show promise and the federal government has approved substantial funding for its continuation. This report reviews empirical assessments of SEBTC and Electronic Benefits Transfer research, and presents policy considerations in the program's future expansion.
December 17, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Hannah Lawrence, Andrew Nathan Reynolds, Bernard Joseph Venn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dietary perceptions of adults with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Three discussion groups (n = 12) were conducted to investigate how participants source dietary information and evaluate the healthfulness of foods. Participants were men and women with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. White board notes were photographed and audio recordings transcribed. Codes were applied and themes generated using an inductive approach. RESULTS: Four themes emerged: (1) perception of food components, (2) factors perceived to influence the healthfulness of foods, (3) perceptions of dietary information, and (4) challenges to forming accurate perceptions...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Jinan Banna, Rickelle Richards, Lora Beth Brown
OBJECTIVE: To assess qualitatively and quantitatively college students' perceived differences between a real meal, meal, and snack. DESIGN: A descriptive study design was used to administer an 11-item online survey to college students. SETTING: Two university campuses in the western US. PARTICIPANTS: Pilot testing was conducted with 20 students. The final survey was completed by 628 ethnically diverse students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Students' perceptions of the terms real meal, meal, and snack...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Florensia F Surjadi, David T Takeuchi, Josephine Umoren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal patterns of family mealtimes across racial/ethnic groups and to investigate whether the associations between longitudinal patterns of family mealtimes, baseline family and demographic characteristics, and healthy food consumption in adolescence differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study spanning from kindergarten to 8th grade were used for this study. Longitudinal patterns of family mealtimes and their link to baseline characteristics and healthy food consumption in adolescence, as defined by fruit and vegetable intakes, were determined using latent growth curves...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
A Susana Ramirez, Lillian K Diaz Rios, Zulema Valdez, Erendira Estrada, Ariana Ruiz
This study describes and evaluates the process of implementing a social marketing food access intervention for food desert communities in rural California. A case study approach used mixed-methods data from nationwide market comparisons, environmental assessment, and community informants. Lessons learned demonstrate room for improvement in implementing such strategies and underscore the importance of involving community in decision making; the strategic importance of operational decisions relating to intervention design, site and product selection, and distribution models; and the need to reconsider the problem of access in rural areas...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Natoshia M Askelson, Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Andrew Ghattas, Steven Williams, Patti J Delger, Carrie A Scheidel
OBJECTIVE: To explore parental attitudes and perceptions about the school breakfast program in a state with low school breakfast participation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design that used an online survey completed by parents supplemented with district data from a state department of education. The survey included quantitative and qualitative components. SETTING: A rural Midwestern state with low school breakfast participation. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of children in grades 1-12 were recruited through schools to complete a survey (n = 7,209)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Lizzy Pope, Danielle Hansen, Jean Harvey
OBJECTIVE: To examine the weight trajectory of students over 4 years of college. METHODS: Anthropometric assessments were completed at the beginning and end of students' freshman year and the end of senior year to calculate body mass index. Questionnaires assessing weight-related behaviors were completed in senior year. RESULTS: Of the original 117 students, 86 remained in the study for 4 years. Body mass index was significantly higher at the end of senior year (mean, 24...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Rickelle Richards, Lora Beth Brown, D Pauline Williams, Dennis L Eggett
OBJECTIVE: Develop a questionnaire to measure students' knowledge, attitude, behavior, self-efficacy, and environmental factors related to the use of canned foods. METHODS: The Knowledge-Attitude-Behavior Model, Social Cognitive Theory, and Canned Foods Alliance survey were used as frameworks for questionnaire development. Cognitive interviews were conducted with college students (n = 8). Nutrition and survey experts assessed content validity. Reliability was measured via Cronbach α and 2 rounds (1, n = 81; 2, n = 65) of test-retest statistics...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Susan M H Gills, Susan S Baker, Garry Auld
OBJECTIVE: Identify practices for the collection of the 24-hour dietary recall (24HR) as used by the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) to assess the fidelity with which dietary data are collected. METHODS: An electronic survey sent nationally to all 75 EFNEP coordinators to assess methodology for collection, staff training, and coding of 24HR. RESULTS: A total of 67 surveys were returned, 53 of which were usable: 57% of programs used multiple collection periods (previous day vs previous 24 hours), 36% did not use a consistent number of passes in recall collection; only 17% exclusively used the validated 5-pass method; 88% trained paraprofessionals for ≤8 hours on recall collection and >6 different training programs were used; and 86% of programs used multiple coders...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Tonya T Price, Anne-Carter S Carrington, Lynn Margheim, Elena Serrano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Rachel E Davis, Suzanne M Cole, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Sonya J Jones, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how a sample of Mexican American mothers with preschool-aged children recruited from a Midwestern Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic obtained information about 4 behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk: eating, physical activity, screen time, and sleep. DESIGN: One-on-one structured interviews in which participants were asked how they communicated with family, learned to take care of their first infant, and obtained information about the 4 targeted behaviors for their preschool-aged child...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Julia A Wolfson, Dan J Graham, Sara N Bleich
OBJECTIVE: Investigate attention to Nutrition Facts Labels (NFLs) with numeric only vs both numeric and activity-equivalent calorie information, and attitudes toward activity-equivalent calories. DESIGN: An eye-tracking camera monitored participants' viewing of NFLs for 64 packaged foods with either standard NFLs or modified NFLs. Participants self-reported demographic information and diet-related attitudes and behaviors. SETTING: Participants came to the Behavioral Medicine Lab at Colorado State University in spring, 2015...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Theresa A LeGros, Vern L Hartz, Laurel E Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of the Kids' Activity and Nutrition Questionnaire (KAN-Q) as part of a tiered process for developing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education tools. METHODS: The KAN-Q was administered at 2 time points to assess internal consistency using standardized values of Cronbach α and test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient for continuous variables, Cohen's kappa (κ) statistic for categorical variables, and the weighted κ statistic for ordinal data...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Matthew M Graziose, Pamela A Koch, Y Claire Wang, Heewon Lee Gray, Isobel R Contento
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the long-term cost-effectiveness of an obesity prevention nutrition education curriculum (Food, Health, & Choices) as delivered to all New York City fifth-grade public school students over 1 year. METHODS: This study is a standard cost-effectiveness analysis from a societal perspective, with a 3% discount rate and a no-intervention comparator, as recommended by the US Panel on Cost-effectiveness in Health and Medicine. Costs of implementation, administration, and future obesity-related medical costs were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Adam Drewnowski, Serge Michels, Diane Leroy
OBJECTIVE: Beginning in September, 2010, all McDonald's restaurants in France offered free fruit with every Happy Meal sold on the first Wednesday of the month. Sales data were used to determine the impact of free fruit promotion on the proportion of regular Happy Meal fruit desserts sold. METHODS: Trend analyses examined the proportion of fruit desserts for 2009-2013. Analyses also compared fruit orders on Crunchy Wednesdays with other weekdays. RESULTS: Happy Meal fruit desserts rose from 14...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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