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Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts, Qiang Wu, Jared T McGuirt, Patricia A Sharpe, Ann P Rafferty
OBJECTIVE: To examine (1) the association of a new supermarket opening with dietary intake and perceptions of healthy food availability, and (2) associations of distance to the primary food store and mean prices of fruits, vegetables, and sugary beverages with levels of consumption of these foods and body mass index in a low-income, southeastern community. METHODS: The researchers used cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire data and supermarket audit data collected in the supermarket community and comparison community before (2015) and after (2016) the supermarket opening...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Laura L Bellows, Morgan McCloskey, Lauren Clark, Darcy A Thompson, Traci A Bekelman, Barbara Chamberlin, Susan L Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mixed-methods formative research phase in the development of the Healthy Environments Study (HEROs), a technology-based, interactive family intervention to promote healthy eating and activity behaviors for young children in the home environment. DESIGN: A mixed-method iterative approach, using ecocultural theory as a framework, will guide the development of both quantitative and qualitative formative research assessments. SETTING: Rural eastern Colorado...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Luciana Torquati, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Toby Pavey, Michael Leveritt
OBJECTIVE: To use the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance framework to evaluate and understand key implementation and context factors of a diet and physical activity (PA) workplace intervention for nurses. METHODS: A 3-month pilot intervention was developed to promote diet and PA behavior through self-monitoring, goal setting, and social support using pedometers, a smartphone app, and a dedicated Facebook group. Measures included diet quality, daily PA, adoption, and implementation (including qualitative data)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Katie A Loth, Junia Nogueira de Brito, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Jennifer Orlet Fisher, Jerica M Berge
OBJECTIVE: To explore the extent to which parents divide responsibilities of feeding (what, when, where, how much, and whether) with their children and the factors that influence parents' approach to feeding. DESIGN: Individual interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 40) of preschoolers. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Division of feeding responsibilities; motivation for feeding approach; challenges to feeding. ANALYSIS: Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and coded using deductive and inductive content analysis...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Leandro Machín, Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, María Rosa Curutchet, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how information about low nutrient content included in the traffic light labeling system influences consumers' perception of the healthfulness of products with high content of 1 key nutrient, and to compare the traffic light system with warnings in terms of the perception of healthfulness. DESIGN: Images of front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels (the traffic light labeling system with different numbers of nutrients with low content, and warnings) were evaluated in study 1, whereas product labels featuring the different FOP nutrition labels were evaluated in study 2...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Omolola A Adedokun, Paula Plonski, Brooke Jenkins-Howard, Debra B Cotterill, Ann Vail
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the University of Kentucky's Healthy Choices for Every Body (HCEB) adult nutrition education curriculum on participants' food resource management (FRM) skills and food safety practices. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed using propensity score matching to pair 8 intervention counties with 8 comparison counties. Independent-samples t tests and ANCOVA models compared gains in FRM skills and food safety practices between the intervention and comparison groups (n = 413 and 113, respectively)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Berta Schnettler, Klaus G Grunert, Germán Lobos, Edgardo Miranda-Zapata, Marianela Denegri, Clementina Hueche
OBJECTIVE: To identify mother-adolescent dyad profiles according to food-related parenting practices and to determine differences in diet quality, family meal frequency, life satisfaction, and sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Mothers and children were surveyed in their homes or at schools in Temuco, Chile. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 300 mothers (average age, 41.6 years) and their adolescent children (average age, 13...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Yue Liao, Susan M Schembre, Sydney G O'Connor, Britni R Belcher, Jaclyn P Maher, Eldin Dzubur, Genevieve F Dunton
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between high-fat/high-sugar foods (HFHS) and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and affective states in women. METHODS: The researchers used electronic ecological momentary assessment to capture HFHS and FV consumption in the past 2 hours (predictor) and current affective states (outcome) across 1 week among 202 women. Multilevel linear regression was conducted. Weight status was tested as a moderator. RESULTS: Consumption of FV in the past 2 hours was positively associated with feeling happy (P < ...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Lindsey A Zemeir, James Butler, Donna E Howard
OBJECTIVE: This study established the validity and reliability of the Healthy Families Survey, a 45-item survey measuring nutrition and physical activity behaviors among children and parents enrolled in the Maryland Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education. METHODS: Analysis included 1,376 pretest surveys. A factor analysis was conducted to establish construct validity, item analyses were conducted to determine item relevance for the target population, and Cronbach α was established to assess internal reliability...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Marilyn S Townsend, Mical K Shilts, Dennis M Styne, Christiana Drake, Louise Lanoue, Lenna Ontai
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate validity and reliability for an obesity risk assessment tool for young children targeting families' modifiable home environments. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with data collected over 100 weeks. SETTING: Head Start and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child pairs (n = 133) provided food behavior assessments; 3 child-modified, 24-hour dietary recalls; 3 ≥ 36-hour activity logs; and measured heights and weights...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Jessica Lynne Bachman, Danielle Arigo
OBJECTIVE: To examine food decision-making priorities for restaurant-type foods at grocery stores and determine whether adding calorie information, as required by federal menu labeling laws, affected decision-making priorities. DESIGN: Natural experiment: intervention and control groups with baseline and follow-up. SETTING: Regional grocery store chain with 9 locations. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 393; mean age, 54...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Melanie K Bean, Bethany Brady Spalding, Elizabeth Theriault, Kayla-Brooke Dransfield, Alexandra Sova, Mary Dunne Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 1-month impact of salad bars on fruit and vegetable (FV) selection, intake, and waste. DESIGN: Pre-post quasi-experimental design. SETTING: Title I elementary schools in a large, urban district in central Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Students (grades 1-5; >95% African American) from 2 elementary schools participated in plate waste assessments (282 plates were rated at baseline, 443 at post-assessment); fourth- and fifth-grade students from 15 (of 18 eligible) schools (n = 1,193) responded to surveys...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Kristen Nicole DiFilippo, Wen-Hao David Huang, Karen M Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVE: To identify the availability and quality of apps supporting Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) education. METHODS: The researchers identified DASH apps over 1 month in the Apple App Store. Five registered dietitians used the App Quality Evaluation (AQEL) to evaluate app quality on 7 domains. Interrater reliability was tested using intraclass correlations. RESULTS: One paid and 3 free DASH apps were evaluated. Interrater reliability (n = 5) was good for 3 apps and fair for 1 app...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Jennifer Utter, Nicole Larson, Melissa N Laska, Megan Winkler, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perceived cooking skills in emerging adulthood predicts better nutrition a decade later. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults longitudinal study. Participants reported on adequacy of cooking skills in 2002-2003 (age 18-23 years) and subsequently reported on nutrition-related outcomes in 2015-2016 (age 30-35 years) (n = 1,158). Separate regression models were used to examine associations between cooking skills at age 18-23 years and each subsequent outcome...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Lauren M Dinour, Jacalyn Szaro, Renata Blumberg, Mousumi Bose
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a community-engaged assignment on graduate student learning in the nutritional sciences. DESIGN: Convergent mixed-methods design with parallel data collection and terminal merging of data. Data were composed of grant proposals, reflection papers, and informal course evaluations from 2 semesters of the same course. Fall students wrote proposals on behalf of a community partner whereas spring students wrote fictitious grants to improve nutrition on their campus...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Sarah A Misyak, Valisa E Hedrick, Ellen Pudney, Elena L Serrano, Alisha R Farris
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of the Market Basket Assessment Tool (MBAT) for assessing the availability of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or nonfat dairy and eggs, lean meats, whole-grain products, and seeds, beans, and nuts in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-authorized retail environments. METHODS: Different trained raters used the MBAT simultaneously at 14 retail environments to measure interrater reliability. Raters returned to 12 retail environments (85...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Emily B Krueger, Dennis L Eggett, Nathan Stokes
OBJECTIVE: Identify differences in teacher perceptions of benefits, challenges, and preferences to different School Breakfast Program (SBP) service models. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used and an electronic survey was distributed to teachers throughout the state of Utah. SETTING: Kindergarten through 12th-grade schools throughout Utah. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 369 kindergarten through 12th-grade teachers in Utah...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Andi Camden, Jennifer Levy, Kate Bassil, Loren Vanderlinden, Olanna White Barnett, Leia M Minaker, Kate Mulligan, Monica Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Assess the consumer nutrition environment in midsize to large supermarkets by supermarket type and area-level socioeconomic variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census of 257 supermarkets using the Toronto Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores. SETTING: Toronto, Canada. VARIABLES MEASURED: Availability; price and linear shelf space of fruits and vegetables vs energy-dense snack foods by supermarket type; after-tax, low-income measure; and neighborhood improvement area...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Tatiana Andreyeva, Erica L Kenney, Meghan O'Connell, Xiaohan Sun, Kathryn E Henderson
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the dietary quality of lunches and feeding practices (family-style service, teacher role modeling) in Connecticut child care centers and made comparisons by center participation in the federal Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DESIGN: Plate waste methods and visual observation of lunches served and consumed. SETTING: A total of 97 randomly selected licensed Connecticut child care centers (53 CACFP and 44 non-CACFP)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Sónia Gonçalves, Rita Ferreira, Eva M Conceição, Cátia Silva, Paulo P P Machado, Emma Boyland, Ana Vaz
OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether a cartoon show with healthy eating messages positively affected children's food choices and food preferences. DESIGN: Experimental between-subjects design. SETTING: Four elementary schools in Portugal were investigated. PARTICIPANTS: Children (aged 4-8 years; n = 142) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: a comparison group (n = 73) was exposed to cartoons with no reference to food and an intervention group (n = 69) was exposed to cartoons with healthy eating messages...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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