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Rogério Lavanholi, Fabricio C Oliveira, Antonio P de Camargo, José A Frizzone, Bruno Molle, Nassim Ait-Mouheb, Séverine Tomas
Emitter clogging is a major problem in microirrigation systems, which may result from the isolated or combined effects of physical, chemical, and biological agents. Clogging caused by suspended solid particles is the most common plugging form of emitters. Water quality and emitter geometry are key aspects in clogging processes. Any suitable test procedure to assess the sensitivity of drippers to clogging should take into account the predominant factors that influence clogging and must reproduce the field conditions...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
G O Ogunleye, S G Fashoto, Petros Mashwama, S A Arekete, O M Olaniyan, B A Omodunbi
The soil is composed of several nutrients which are important for the effective growth of plants. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are micronutrients which are very important for plant growth. There have been several methods and soil tests developed to test the compositions of these nutrients in the soil. Interpreting the results gotten from such tests has been a herculean task for farmers. Employing the use of a soft computing method to interpret such result would be a noble idea. In this paper, we describe the use of fuzzy logic to interpret the values of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK) gotten from conventional soil test to know their levels in the soil and predict possible NPK inputs...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Nosheen Mirza, Qaisar Mahmood, Mohammad Maroof Shah, Arshid Pervez, Sikander Sultan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/921581.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Nusrat Jahan, Fazilah Abd Manan, Arsala Mansoor, Mudassir Asrar Zaidi, Muhammad Naeem Shahwani, Muhammad Arshad Javed
Rice production is decreasing by abiotic stresses like heavy metals. In such circumstances, producing food for growing human population is a challenge for plant breeders. Excess of Al3+ in soil has become threat for high yield of rice. Improvement of crop is one of potential solution for high production. The aim of this study was to develop the new method for optimization of Al3+ toxicity tolerance in indica rice at germination stag using two-way ANOVA and Duncan's multiple-range test (DMRT). Seeds of two indica rice cultivars ( Pokkali and Pak Basmati) were exposed in different concentrations (control, 5 mM, 15 mM, and 20 mM) of Al3+ toxicity at pH 4 ±0...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Mohamed A Daw, Amina M Daw, Nadia E M Sifennasr, Aisha M Draha, Ahmed M Daw, Ali M Daw, Mohamed O Ahmed, Ebtisam S Mokhtar, Abdallah El-Bouzedi, Ibrahem M Daw
Background: Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection has been considered a serious neglected pandemic, particularly in developing countries. The virus causes a more severe disease than mono infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV). The epidemiology of HDV is not well documented in North Africa, which is known to be endemic for HBV. In this study, we explored the prevalence of HDV infection and also attempted to identify factors associated with hepatitis D positive status among chronic hepatitis B patients in North Africa...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Alfred Maroyi
The bark, leaves, and roots of Albizia adianthifolia are highly sought after in tropical Africa as herbal medicines. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the botany, medicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of A. adianthifolia so as to provide baseline data required for evaluating the therapeutic potential of the species. Information on the botanical profile, medicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of A. adianthifolia was undertaken using databases such as ScienceDirect, SciFinder, Pubmed, Google Scholar, Medline, SCOPUS, EThOS, ProQuest, OATD, and Open-thesis...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Achmad Rizal, Sugondo Hadiyoso
Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain's nerves as a result of excessive brain cell activity. It is generally characterized by the recurrent unprovoked seizures. This neurological abnormality can be detected and evaluated using Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal. Many algorithms have been applied to achieve high performance for the EEG classification of epileptic. However, the complexity and randomness of EEG signals become a challenge to researchers in applying the appropriate algorithms. In this research, sample entropy on Multidistance Signal Level Difference (MSLD) was applied to obtain the characteristic of EEG signals, especially towards the epilepsy patients...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Paul Nayim, Armelle T Mbaveng, Brice E N Wamba, Aimé G Fankam, Joachim K Dzotam, Victor Kuete
This work was designed to investigate the antibacterial activities of methanol extracts from thirteen Cameroonian edible plants and their antibiotic-potentiating effects against Gram-negative multidrug-resistant (MDR) phenotypes. The broth microdilution method was used to evaluate the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the extracts, as well as their antibiotic-potentiating activities. The phytochemical screening of the extracts was carried out according to the standard methods...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Denise Gonçalves, Rafael de Queiroz Prado, Eric Almeida Xavier, Natália Cristina de Oliveira, Paulo Marcos Da Matta Guedes, João Santana da Silva, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo, Victor Hugo Aquino
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1100/2012/525947.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
N Tsafack, J Kengne
A novel autonomous 5-D hyperjerk RC circuit with hyperbolic sine function is proposed in this paper. Compared to some existing 5-D systems like the 5-D Sprott B system, the 5-D Lorentz, and the Lorentz-like systems, the new system is the simplest 5-D system with complex dynamics reported to date. Its simplicity mainly relies on its nonlinear part which is synthetized using only two semiconductor diodes. The system displays only one equilibrium point and can exhibit both periodic and chaotic dynamical behavior...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
T M Brandão, E L do Carmo, H E S Elias, E E N de Carvalho, S V Borges, G A S Martins
The objective of the research was to evaluate changes of dietetic functional mixed cerrado fruit jam (marolo, sweet passion fruit, and soursop) processed in a vacuum pot and stored for 180 days in BODs at 25°C and 35°C. The parameters evaluated were pH, soluble solids (SS), titratable acidity (TA), total sugars (TS), total carotenoids (TC), total phenolics (TP), vitamin C, antioxidant activity (DPPH), and microbiological analysis. There was a significant effect of storage time on pH, SS, TA, TC, TS, and TP...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Soraj Pruettikomon, Chaturong Louhapensang
This research aims to improve the work effectiveness of people with physical disabilities in department stores, retail and wholesale companies in Bangkok. It focuses on the environment and facilities needed by people with three types of disabilities, visual impairment, hearing impairment, and wheelchair users. A mixed research method was used (questionnaires, interviews, and observations). The results were applied to a design process based on the needs of people with physical disabilities and addressed solving their work problems, increasing their work effectiveness, and bringing the results of the design to a group discussion...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/301879.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Hendry Irawan, I Nyoman Semadi, I Gde Raka Widiana
Objective: To evaluate the short-duration hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can improve HbA1c levels, leukocyte count, and serum creatinine levels in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) Wagner 3-4. Methods: Blood samples from all DFU patients at Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, were taken for HbA1c, leukocyte, and serum creatinine test before debridement procedure, and the patients were then grouped into either standard therapy or standard therapy with HBOT for 10 sessions (combination therapy)...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2008.142.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Tanawat Chaiphongpachara, Ploypailin Bunyuen, Kitthisak Khlaeo Chansukh
Mosquito-borne diseases are a major public health issue in nearly all tropical and subtropical countries, making vector control imperative. The mosquito trapping box is one type of mosquito traps that is popular in some areas because it is affordable, environmentally friendly, and easy to produce. This research investigated whether the effectiveness of the mosquito trapping box could be increased through the addition of various physical factors, including a wooden frame, black cotton cloth, a fan, carbon dioxide (CO2 ), and heat, by testing a range of box designs in the Samut Songkhram Province, Thailand, between December 2016 and January 2017...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Saraporn Harikarnpakdee, Chomnapas Chuchote
This study was aimed at investigating the oviposition deterrent activity of Ocimum gratissimum (L.) essential oil ( O. gratissimum oil) and its product, Ocimum gratissimum (L.)- alginate beads (beads), against Aedes aegypti ( Ae. aegypti ) mosquitoes. Chemical analysis of O. gratissimum oil obtained by hydrodistillation, using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy techniques, presented eugenol (67.38%) and Z- β -ocimene (14.95 %) as major constituents. Good characteristics of beads were obtained by the orifice-ionic gelation method with calcium chloride as hardening agent and Tween®20 as emulsifier...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Blessing O Oyedemi, Sunday O Oyedemi, Johnson V Chibuzor, Ifeoma I Ijeh, Roger M Coopoosamy, Ayobami O Aiyegoro
Oral and skin infections contribute significantly to the global health challenges responsible for the current trend of increased morbidity and premature death. The purpose of this study was to document medicinal plants used in the management of oral and skin infections in Ebem-Ohafia Local Government Area (LGA), Abia State, and to characterize the in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activity. The thin layer chromatography (TLC) profiling of ten of the selected folklore medicine was carried out using a various solvent system of different polarity index...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Azmawati Mohd Nawi, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Noraidatulakma Abdullah, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Mohd Arman Kamaruddin, Chandralekah S Velu, Norliza Ismail, Mohd Shaharom Abdullah, Salywana Ahmad Kamat, Afifah Awang, Mariatul Akma Hamid, Rahman Jamal
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) leads to high morbidity and mortality rate worldwide. Therefore, it is important to determine the risk of CVD across the sociodemographic factors to strategize preventive measures. The current study consisted of 53,122 adults between the ages of 35 and 65 years from The Malaysian Cohort project during recruitment phase from year 2006 to year 2012. Sociodemographic profile and physical activity level were assessed via self-reported questionnaire, whereas relevant CVD-related biomarkers and biophysical variables were measured to determine the Framingham Risk Score (FRS)...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Emmanuel N Kontomanolis, Sofia Kalagasidou, Stamatia Pouliliou, Xanthoula Anthoulaki, Nikolaos Georgiou, Valentinos Papamanolis, Zacharias N Fasoulakis
Objective: Notch signaling pathway is a vital parameter of the mammalian vascular system. In this review, the authors summarize the current knowledge about the impact of the Notch signaling pathway in breast cancer progression and the therapeutic role of Notch's inhibition. Methods: The available literature in MEDLINE, PubMed, and Scopus, regarding the role of the Notch pathway in breast cancer progression was searched for related articles from about 1973 to 2017 including terms such as "Notch," "Breast Cancer," and "Angiogenesis...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
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