journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TheScientificWorldJournal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428976/sem-and-afm-studies-of-two-phase-magnetic-alkali-borosilicate-glasses
#1
N Andreeva, M Tomkovich, A Naberezhnov, B Nacke, A Filimonov, O Alekseeva, P Vanina, V Nizhankovskii
The morphology and composition of four types of two-phase alkali borosilicate glasses with magnetic atoms prepared by inductive melting have been studied. The results of scanning electron microscopy point to uniform distribution of Na, Si, and O atoms in these samples while magnetic iron atoms form ball-shaped agglomerates. The magnetic properties of these agglomerates have been confirmed by magnetic force microscopy. Atomic force microscopy had shown that in these samples two different morphological structures, drop-like and dendrite net, are formed...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421207/detection-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-epstein-barr-virus-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinomas-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#2
Du-Bois Asante, Richard Harry Asmah, Andrew Anthony Adjei, Foster Kyei, David Larbi Simpong, Charles Addoquaye Brown, Richard Kwasi Gyasi
Nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) are endemic in Far East Asia and commonly harbour Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) which is known to serve as a key oncogenic promoter. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of NPC. However, in Ghana these two viruses have not been linked to NPC prevalence. This study was designed to determine the HPV genotypes and EBV involved in NPC tissue biopsies. A retrospective study design involving 72 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue (FFPET) samples of NPC from 2006 to 2012 were retrieved from the Department of Pathology, University of Ghana School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396881/allelopathic-activity-of-extracts-from-different-brazilian-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l-cultivars-on-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-and-weed-plants
#3
G S Casimiro, E Mansur, G Pacheco, R Garcia, I C R Leal, N K Simas
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the fourth most consumed oleaginous plant in the world, producing seeds with high contents of lipids, proteins, vitamins, and carbohydrates. Biological activities of different extracts of this species have already been evaluated by many researchers, including antioxidant, antitumoral, and antibacterial. In this work, the allelopathic activity of extracts from different Brazilian peanut cultivars against lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and two weed plants (Commelina benghalensis and Ipomoea nil) was studied...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393101/assessment-of-medication-use-among-university-students-in-ethiopia
#4
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega
Background. The extent, nature, and determinants of medication use of individuals can be known from drug utilization studies. Objectives. This study intended to determine medication consumption, sharing, storage, and disposal practices of university students in Northwest Ethiopia. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 404 university students selected through stratified random sampling technique. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with SPSS version 20 statistical software...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386582/preliminary-phytochemical-screening-quantitative-analysis-of-alkaloids-and-antioxidant-activity-of-crude-plant-extracts-from-ephedra-intermedia-indigenous-to-balochistan
#5
Rahman Gul, Syed Umer Jan, Syed Faridullah, Samiullah Sherani, Nusrat Jahan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity, screening the phytogenic chemical compounds, and to assess the alkaloids present in the E. intermedia to prove its uses in Pakistani folk medicines for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis. Antioxidant activity was analyzed by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate assay. Standard methods were used for the identification of cardiac glycosides, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and alkaloids. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for quantitative purpose of ephedrine alkaloids in E...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367492/analgesic-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-activities-of-byrsonima-duckeana-w-r-anderson-malpighiaceae
#6
Maria Christina Dos Santos Verdam, Fernanda Guilhon-Simplicio, Kleyton Cardoso de Andrade, Karina Lorena Meira Fernandes, Tallita Marques Machado, Felipe Moura Araújo da Silva, Mayane Pereira de Souza, Hector Henrique Ferreira Koolen, Cristiane da Silva Paula, Beatriz Cristina Konopatzki Hirota, Vinícius Bednarczuk de Oliveira, Cristina Mayumi Sasaki Miyazaki, Milena Kalegari, Marilis Dallarmi Miguel, Patricia Maria Stuelp-Campelo, Obdulio Gomes Miguel
Background. Byrsonima is a promising neotropical genus, rich in flavonoids and triterpenes, with several proven pharmacological properties. Nevertheless, Byrsonima duckeana W. R. Anderson is an Amazonian species almost not studied. Objective. To assess the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities of Byrsonima duckeana leaves. Materials and Methods. We analyzed an ethanol extract and its fractions for polyphenol content and UHPLC-MS/MS, phosphomolybdenum, DPPH, TBARS antioxidant tests, formalin-induced pain, carrageenan-induced peritonitis, acetic acid-induced abdominal writhings, and hot plate assays...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367491/alpha-amylase-inhibition-and-antioxidative-capacity-of-some-antidiabetic-plants-used-by-the-traditional-healers-in-southeastern-nigeria
#7
Sunday O Oyedemi, Blessing O Oyedemi, Ifeoma I Ijeh, Princemartins E Ohanyerem, Roger M Coopoosamy, Olayinka A Aiyegoro
Oxidative stress plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome including diabetes mellitus (DM). The inhibition of alpha-amylase is an important therapeutic target in the regulation of postprandial increase of blood glucose in diabetic patients. The present study investigated the alpha-amylase inhibitory and antioxidant potential of selected herbal drugs used in the treatment of DM by the traditional healers in Isiala Mbano and Ikwuano regions of southeastern Nigeria. Antioxidant activity was evaluated in terms of free radical scavenging, reducing power, and total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid content (TFC) in consonance with the TLC profiling...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337477/heating-has-no-effect-on-the-net-protein-utilisation-from-egg-whites-in-rats
#8
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Yayoi Takahashi, Mamoru Kimura, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou
Egg whites (EW) are a good source of protein; however, they are typically heated prior to consumption. Therefore, we investigated the effects of different heating conditions on the protein utilisation rate of EW. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 36, 198 ± 1 g) were divided into six groups and fed American Institute of Nutrition-76 chow containing unheated EW, soft-boiled EW, boiled EW, milk whey protein, soybean protein, or no protein over a 10-day period using pair-feeding. Urine and faeces were sampled daily beginning on day 5 to measure nitrogen content and the net protein utilisation (NPU) rate...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326431/effects-of-a-supraseasonal-drought-on-the-ecological-attributes-of-plagioscion-squamosissimus-heckel-1840-pisces-sciaenidae-in-a-brazilian-reservoir
#9
Antonia E F Souza, Jônnata F Oliveira, Danielle Peretti, Rodrigo Fernandes, Rodrigo S Costa, José Luis Costa Novaes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a supraseasonal drought on the ecological attributes of Plagioscion squamosissimus. The fish were caught quarterly from February 2010 to November 2014 using gill nets in the reservoir of Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The abundance of the species was evaluated with the catch per unit effort (CPUE) metric and then correlated with the accumulated rainfall and water volume of the reservoir. The diet of the fish was evaluated using the feeding index (IAi)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317010/statistical-downscaling-for-rainfall-forecasts-using-modified-constructed-analog-method-in-thailand
#10
Patchalai Anuchaivong, Dusadee Sukawat, Anirut Luadsong
The simulations of rainfall from historical data were created in this study by using statistical downscaling. Statistical downscaling techniques are based on a relationship between the variables that are solved by the General Circulation Models (GCMs) and the observed predictions. The Modified Constructed Analog Method (MCAM) is a technique in downscaling estimation, suitable for rainfall simulation accuracy using weather forecasting. In this research, the MCAM was used to calculate the Euclidean distance to obtain the number of analog days...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299349/gabapentin-inhibits-protein-kinase-c-epsilon-translocation-in-cultured-sensory-neurons-with-additive-effects-when-coapplied-with-paracetamol-acetaminophen
#11
Vittorio Vellani, Chiara Giacomoni
Gabapentin is a well-established anticonvulsant drug which is also effective for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Although the exact mechanism leading to relief of allodynia and hyperalgesia caused by neuropathy is not known, the blocking effect of gabapentin on voltage-dependent calcium channels has been proposed to be involved. In order to further evaluate its analgesic mechanisms, we tested the efficacy of gabapentin on protein kinase C epsilon (PKCε) translocation in cultured peripheral neurons isolated from rat dorsal root ganglia (DRGs)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280769/development-and-reliability-of-the-basic-skill-assessment-tool-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Maethisa Pongsaksri, Suchitporn Lersilp, Sumana Suchart
The purpose of this study was to improve upon the first version of the basic work skills assessment tool for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examine interrater and intrarater reliability using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The modified tool includes 2 components: (1) three tasks measuring work abilities and work attitudes and (2) a form to record the number of verbal and nonverbal prompts. 26 participants were selected by purposive sampling and divided into 3 groups-group 1 (10 subjects, aged 11-13 years), group 2 (10, aged 14-16 years), and group 3 (6, aged 17-19 years)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265588/new-records-of-hyphoderma-meruliaceae-polyporales-for-india
#13
Sanjeev Kumar Sanyal, Ritu Devi, Gurpaul Singh Dhingra
An account of eight species of genus Hyphoderma (H. clavatum, H. definitum, H. echinocystis, H. litschaueri, H. nemorale, H. subpraetermissum, H. tibia, and H. transiens) is presented, which is based on collections made from Uttarakhand state during 2009-2014. All these species are cited and fully described for the first time from India.
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255577/effect-of-harvesting-stage-on-sweet-sorghum-sorghum-bicolor-l-genotypes-in-western-kenya
#14
Moses Owuor Oyier, James O Owuoche, Maurice E Oyoo, Erick Cheruiyot, Betty Mulianga, Justice Rono
Harvesting stage of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) cane is an important aspect in the content of sugar for production of industrial alcohol. Four sweet sorghum genotypes were evaluated for harvesting stage in a randomized complete block design. In order to determine sorghum harvest growth stage for bioethanol production, sorghum canes were harvested at intervals of seven days after anthesis. The genotypes were evaluated at different stages of development for maximum production of bioethanol from flowering to physiological maturity...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251174/wound-myiasis-caused-by-sarcophaga-liopygia-argyrostoma-robineau-desvoidy-diptera-sarcophagidae-additional-evidences-of-the-morphological-identification-dilemma-and-molecular-investigation
#15
Annunziata Giangaspero, Marianna Marangi, Antonio Balotta, Claudio Venturelli, Krzysztof Szpila, Antonella Di Palma
In Mediterranean countries, Sarcophaga (Liopygia) crassipalpis, Sarcophaga (L.) argyrostoma, and Sarcophaga (L.) cultellata share the same ecological niche and can be responsible of myiasis. In this study, the main morphological characters of a larva found in a hospitalized woman were described and illustrated by light and SEM microscopy and the features discussed. Then, a fragment within the mitochondrial encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (coxI) gene of ~735 bp was amplified and sequenced. The molecular investigation was necessary to confirm the species Sarcophaga (Liopygia) argyrostoma (99% of identity)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243628/a-design-of-a-new-column-parallel-analog-to-digital-converter-flash-for-monolithic-active-pixel-sensor
#16
Mostafa Chakir, Hicham Akhamal, Hassan Qjidaa
The CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensor (MAPS) for the International Linear Collider (ILC) vertex detector (VXD) expresses stringent requirements on their analog readout electronics, specifically on the analog-to-digital converter (ADC). This paper concerns designing and optimizing a new architecture of a low power, high speed, and small-area 4-bit column-parallel ADC Flash. Later in this study, we propose to interpose an S/H block in the converter. This integration of S/H block increases the sensitiveness of the converter to the very small amplitude of the input signal from the sensor and provides a sufficient time to the converter to be able to code the input signal...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197528/antimutagenic-effect-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-l-aqueous-extract-on-rats-treated-with-monosodium-glutamate
#17
Ana Carla Guidini Valentini Gheller, Jacqueline Kerkhoff, Gerardo Magela Vieira Júnior, Kleber Eduardo de Campos, Marina Mariko Sugui
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. is a plant of the Malvaceae family, commonly known as roselle. H. sabdariffa is known to contain antioxidant, cholesterol-lowering, antiobesity, insulin resistance reduction, antihypertensive, and skin cancer chemopreventive properties. This study evaluated the effects of H. sabdariffa aqueous extract against cyclophosphamide (CPA, 25 mg/Kg) induced damage to DNA in male Wistar rats by micronucleus test. Samples of H. sabdariffa calyx were obtained in the municipality of Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso, Brazil...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#18
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116346/chemical-composition-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-cytotoxic-antimicrobial-and-larvicidal-activities-of-the-essential-oil-of-mentha-piperita-l-lamiaceae
#19
Ryan da Silva Ramos, Alex Bruno Lobato Rodrigues, Ana Luzia Ferreira Farias, Ranggel Carvalho Simões, Mayara Tânia Pinheiro, Ricardo Marcelo Dos Anjos Ferreira, Ledayane Mayana Costa Barbosa, Raimundo Nonato Picanço Souto, João Batista Fernandes, Lourivaldo da Silva Santos, Sheylla Susan Moreira da Silva de Almeida
The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and the identification and quantification of components were achieved with the use of GC-MS analysis. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the method of sequestration of DPPH. Essential oils were used for study the cytotoxic front larvae of Artemia salina. In the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of essential oils, we employed the disk-diffusion method. The potential larvicide in mosquito larvae of the third stage of development of Aedes aegypti to different concentrations of essential oils was evaluated...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116345/emerging-advancements-in-canine-and-feline-metabolism-and-nutrition
#20
EDITORIAL
Anna K Shoveller, Maria R C De Godoy, Jennifer Larsen, Elizabeth Flickinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
journal
journal
39906
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"