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T M Brandão, E L do Carmo, H E S Elias, E E N de Carvalho, S V Borges, G A S Martins
The objective of the research was to evaluate changes of dietetic functional mixed cerrado fruit jam (marolo, sweet passion fruit, and soursop) processed in a vacuum pot and stored for 180 days in BODs at 25°C and 35°C. The parameters evaluated were pH, soluble solids (SS), titratable acidity (TA), total sugars (TS), total carotenoids (TC), total phenolics (TP), vitamin C, antioxidant activity (DPPH), and microbiological analysis. There was a significant effect of storage time on pH, SS, TA, TC, TS, and TP...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Soraj Pruettikomon, Chaturong Louhapensang
This research aims to improve the work effectiveness of people with physical disabilities in department stores, retail and wholesale companies in Bangkok. It focuses on the environment and facilities needed by people with three types of disabilities, visual impairment, hearing impairment, and wheelchair users. A mixed research method was used (questionnaires, interviews, and observations). The results were applied to a design process based on the needs of people with physical disabilities and addressed solving their work problems, increasing their work effectiveness, and bringing the results of the design to a group discussion...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/301879.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Hendry Irawan, I Nyoman Semadi, I Gde Raka Widiana
Objective: To evaluate the short-duration hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can improve HbA1c levels, leukocyte count, and serum creatinine levels in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) Wagner 3-4. Methods: Blood samples from all DFU patients at Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, were taken for HbA1c, leukocyte, and serum creatinine test before debridement procedure, and the patients were then grouped into either standard therapy or standard therapy with HBOT for 10 sessions (combination therapy)...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2008.142.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Tanawat Chaiphongpachara, Ploypailin Bunyuen, Kitthisak Khlaeo Chansukh
Mosquito-borne diseases are a major public health issue in nearly all tropical and subtropical countries, making vector control imperative. The mosquito trapping box is one type of mosquito traps that is popular in some areas because it is affordable, environmentally friendly, and easy to produce. This research investigated whether the effectiveness of the mosquito trapping box could be increased through the addition of various physical factors, including a wooden frame, black cotton cloth, a fan, carbon dioxide (CO2 ), and heat, by testing a range of box designs in the Samut Songkhram Province, Thailand, between December 2016 and January 2017...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Saraporn Harikarnpakdee, Chomnapas Chuchote
This study was aimed at investigating the oviposition deterrent activity of Ocimum gratissimum (L.) essential oil ( O. gratissimum oil) and its product, Ocimum gratissimum (L.)- alginate beads (beads), against Aedes aegypti ( Ae. aegypti ) mosquitoes. Chemical analysis of O. gratissimum oil obtained by hydrodistillation, using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy techniques, presented eugenol (67.38%) and Z- β -ocimene (14.95 %) as major constituents. Good characteristics of beads were obtained by the orifice-ionic gelation method with calcium chloride as hardening agent and Tween®20 as emulsifier...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Blessing O Oyedemi, Sunday O Oyedemi, Johnson V Chibuzor, Ifeoma I Ijeh, Roger M Coopoosamy, Ayobami O Aiyegoro
Oral and skin infections contribute significantly to the global health challenges responsible for the current trend of increased morbidity and premature death. The purpose of this study was to document medicinal plants used in the management of oral and skin infections in Ebem-Ohafia Local Government Area (LGA), Abia State, and to characterize the in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activity. The thin layer chromatography (TLC) profiling of ten of the selected folklore medicine was carried out using a various solvent system of different polarity index...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Azmawati Mohd Nawi, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Noraidatulakma Abdullah, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Mohd Arman Kamaruddin, Chandralekah S Velu, Norliza Ismail, Mohd Shaharom Abdullah, Salywana Ahmad Kamat, Afifah Awang, Mariatul Akma Hamid, Rahman Jamal
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) leads to high morbidity and mortality rate worldwide. Therefore, it is important to determine the risk of CVD across the sociodemographic factors to strategize preventive measures. The current study consisted of 53,122 adults between the ages of 35 and 65 years from The Malaysian Cohort project during recruitment phase from year 2006 to year 2012. Sociodemographic profile and physical activity level were assessed via self-reported questionnaire, whereas relevant CVD-related biomarkers and biophysical variables were measured to determine the Framingham Risk Score (FRS)...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Emmanuel N Kontomanolis, Sofia Kalagasidou, Stamatia Pouliliou, Xanthoula Anthoulaki, Nikolaos Georgiou, Valentinos Papamanolis, Zacharias N Fasoulakis
Objective: Notch signaling pathway is a vital parameter of the mammalian vascular system. In this review, the authors summarize the current knowledge about the impact of the Notch signaling pathway in breast cancer progression and the therapeutic role of Notch's inhibition. Methods: The available literature in MEDLINE, PubMed, and Scopus, regarding the role of the Notch pathway in breast cancer progression was searched for related articles from about 1973 to 2017 including terms such as "Notch," "Breast Cancer," and "Angiogenesis...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Ehsan Hekmatian, Mitra Karbasi Kheir, Hossein Fathollahzade, Mahnaz Sheikhi
Background: Vertical root fractures (VRFs) can significantly reduce dental prognosis. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) offers better visualization of VRF than conventional radiography. However, gutta-percha creates artifacts in cone-beam CT (CBCT) images and reduces the diagnosis quality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of CBCT in detection of VRF in presence and absence of gutta-percha in canals. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 50 extracted mandibular premolars were selected...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Abolghassem Emamverdian, Yulong Ding, Farzad Mokhberdoran, Yinfeng Xie
Investigating factors involved in the alleviation of the toxic effects of heavy metals (HMs) on plants is regarded as one of the important research concerns in the environmental field. The southern regions of China are severely impacted by human-induced heavy metal (HM) contamination, which poses an impediment to growth and productivity of bamboo ( Indocalamus latifolius ) plants. This necessitates the investigation of the effects of HMs on growth and physiological properties of bamboo. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate some gas exchange and growth parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Julia Hiromi Hori Okuyama, Tais Freire Galvao, Marcus Tolentino Silva
Objective: To assess the culture of patient safety in studies that employed the hospital survey on patient safety culture (HSOPS) in hospitals around the world. Method: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL, and SciELO. Two researchers selected studies and extracted the following data: year of publication, country, percentage of physicians and nurses, sample size, and results for the 12 HSOPS dimensions. For each dimension, a random effects meta-analysis with double-arcsine transformation was performed, as well as meta-regressions to investigate heterogeneity, and tests for publication bias...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Ali Kemal Erenler, Murat Güzel, Ahmet Baydin
Preparedness for bioterrorist attacks and early recognition of specific agents are essential for public health. Emergency departments may play an important role in this field. The large spectrum of bioterrorism involves not only disastrous terrorism with mass casualties, but also microevents using low technology but producing civil unrest, disruption, disease, disabilities, and death. It aims not only to cause mortality and morbidity, but also to lead to social and political disruption. Preparedness appears to be the most potent defense against possible bioterrorist events...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Eva Man Yee Leung, Yanqi Yang, Balvinder Khambay, Ricky Wing Kit Wong, Colman McGrath, Min Gu
Objectives: To evaluate the tooth size discrepancy and Bolton's ratios between male and female subjects with a Class I malocclusion. Materials and Methods: The digital e-models of 100 male and 100 female 12-year-old southern Chinese children with a Class I malocclusion were selected. The mesiodistal widths from permanent first molar to the contralateral side first molar of the upper and lower dentitions were measured. Differences between the tooth size discrepancy, together with the anterior and overall Bolton's ratios between male and female subjects, were assessed using a two-sample t -test...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Muhammad Akhlis Rizza, Widya Wijayanti, Nurkholis Hamidi, I N G Wardana
This study aims to experimentally determine the role of intermolecular forces on the contact angle of vegetable oil droplets. Contact angles were recorded using a microscope and measured using digital software. The results show that the surface tension of vegetable oils is influenced by the London force between the electron clouds of molecules. The process of cooling increases vegetable oil contact angles, due to the decreased kinetic energy of constituent molecules and increased London force on the molecules...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Michelle Cardoso de Sousa, Mariana Raquel da Cruz Vegian, Matheus Alves Biserra, Bruno César Almeida Costa, Samira Esteves Afonso Camargo, Sigmar de Mello Rode, Carolina Judica Ramos, Luciane Dias de Oliveira, Luana Marotta Reis de Vasconcellos
Chronic alcohol exposure can affect the osteoblastic activity and the proliferation and differentiation of cells due to its toxic effect, which can affect negatively bone repair and bone microarchitecture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic use of 20% alcohol on rats regarding osteoblastic differentiation, extrinsic and intrinsic properties of the tibia, and hepatic and renal morphology. Wistar rats were divided into three groups ( n = 9) in accordance with a 24-week diet. After euthanasia, kidneys, liver, and tibias were removed for analysis and femurs mesenchymal cells were collected...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Chung-Yan Vanessa Leung, Yanqi Yang, Chongshan Liao, Urban Hägg, Ricky Wing Kit Wong, Colman McGrath, Min Gu
Objective: This study aimed to compare the use of digital models and plaster casts in assessing the improvement in occlusion following orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: Digital models and plaster casts of 39 consecutive patients at pre- and posttreatment stages were obtained and assessed using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index and the Index of Complexity and Treatment Need (ICON). PAR and ICON scores were compared at individual and group levels...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Vânia Thais Silva Gomes, Raimundo Nonato Silva Gomes, Maria Silva Gomes, Walderez Moreira Joaquim, Eliana Campêlo Lago, Renata Amadei Nicolau
Objective: The objective of this study was to review the effects of the Matricaria recutita (L.) in the treatment of oral mucositis. Methodology: The online search was performed in the period from June 2016 to April 2018 by means of databases LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), and MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online). The consultation was restricted to the years 1991 to 2018 with the aim of elucidating the effects of Matricaria recutita in the treatment of oral mucositis...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Njon Olivier Anoh, Mbanda L Njoke, Ngoe D Elangwe
Late Cretaceous-Paleocene foraminiferans and palynomorphs were recovered from the upper section of the Djega outcrop in the Rio del Rey Basin. Only a few planktonic foraminiferan species of the genera Heterohelix and Hedbergella were recovered among an assemblage dominated by calcareous and agglutinated benthonics. Marine dinocysts are curiously absent from among the palynomorph assemblage, which consists dominantly of pollen grains from land plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms) and pteridophytic spores, together with a few fungal remains...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
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