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TheScientificWorldJournal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317010/statistical-downscaling-for-rainfall-forecasts-using-modified-constructed-analog-method-in-thailand
#1
Patchalai Anuchaivong, Dusadee Sukawat, Anirut Luadsong
The simulations of rainfall from historical data were created in this study by using statistical downscaling. Statistical downscaling techniques are based on a relationship between the variables that are solved by the General Circulation Models (GCMs) and the observed predictions. The Modified Constructed Analog Method (MCAM) is a technique in downscaling estimation, suitable for rainfall simulation accuracy using weather forecasting. In this research, the MCAM was used to calculate the Euclidean distance to obtain the number of analog days...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299349/gabapentin-inhibits-protein-kinase-c-epsilon-translocation-in-cultured-sensory-neurons-with-additive-effects-when-coapplied-with-paracetamol-acetaminophen
#2
Vittorio Vellani, Chiara Giacomoni
Gabapentin is a well-established anticonvulsant drug which is also effective for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Although the exact mechanism leading to relief of allodynia and hyperalgesia caused by neuropathy is not known, the blocking effect of gabapentin on voltage-dependent calcium channels has been proposed to be involved. In order to further evaluate its analgesic mechanisms, we tested the efficacy of gabapentin on protein kinase C epsilon (PKCε) translocation in cultured peripheral neurons isolated from rat dorsal root ganglia (DRGs)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280769/development-and-reliability-of-the-basic-skill-assessment-tool-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Maethisa Pongsaksri, Suchitporn Lersilp, Sumana Suchart
The purpose of this study was to improve upon the first version of the basic work skills assessment tool for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examine interrater and intrarater reliability using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The modified tool includes 2 components: (1) three tasks measuring work abilities and work attitudes and (2) a form to record the number of verbal and nonverbal prompts. 26 participants were selected by purposive sampling and divided into 3 groups-group 1 (10 subjects, aged 11-13 years), group 2 (10, aged 14-16 years), and group 3 (6, aged 17-19 years)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265588/new-records-of-hyphoderma-meruliaceae-polyporales-for-india
#4
Sanjeev Kumar Sanyal, Ritu Devi, Gurpaul Singh Dhingra
An account of eight species of genus Hyphoderma (H. clavatum, H. definitum, H. echinocystis, H. litschaueri, H. nemorale, H. subpraetermissum, H. tibia, and H. transiens) is presented, which is based on collections made from Uttarakhand state during 2009-2014. All these species are cited and fully described for the first time from India.
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255577/effect-of-harvesting-stage-on-sweet-sorghum-sorghum-bicolor-l-genotypes-in-western-kenya
#5
Moses Owuor Oyier, James O Owuoche, Maurice E Oyoo, Erick Cheruiyot, Betty Mulianga, Justice Rono
Harvesting stage of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) cane is an important aspect in the content of sugar for production of industrial alcohol. Four sweet sorghum genotypes were evaluated for harvesting stage in a randomized complete block design. In order to determine sorghum harvest growth stage for bioethanol production, sorghum canes were harvested at intervals of seven days after anthesis. The genotypes were evaluated at different stages of development for maximum production of bioethanol from flowering to physiological maturity...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251174/wound-myiasis-caused-by-sarcophaga-liopygia-argyrostoma-robineau-desvoidy-diptera-sarcophagidae-additional-evidences-of-the-morphological-identification-dilemma-and-molecular-investigation
#6
Annunziata Giangaspero, Marianna Marangi, Antonio Balotta, Claudio Venturelli, Krzysztof Szpila, Antonella Di Palma
In Mediterranean countries, Sarcophaga (Liopygia) crassipalpis, Sarcophaga (L.) argyrostoma, and Sarcophaga (L.) cultellata share the same ecological niche and can be responsible of myiasis. In this study, the main morphological characters of a larva found in a hospitalized woman were described and illustrated by light and SEM microscopy and the features discussed. Then, a fragment within the mitochondrial encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (coxI) gene of ~735 bp was amplified and sequenced. The molecular investigation was necessary to confirm the species Sarcophaga (Liopygia) argyrostoma (99% of identity)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243628/a-design-of-a-new-column-parallel-analog-to-digital-converter-flash-for-monolithic-active-pixel-sensor
#7
Mostafa Chakir, Hicham Akhamal, Hassan Qjidaa
The CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensor (MAPS) for the International Linear Collider (ILC) vertex detector (VXD) expresses stringent requirements on their analog readout electronics, specifically on the analog-to-digital converter (ADC). This paper concerns designing and optimizing a new architecture of a low power, high speed, and small-area 4-bit column-parallel ADC Flash. Later in this study, we propose to interpose an S/H block in the converter. This integration of S/H block increases the sensitiveness of the converter to the very small amplitude of the input signal from the sensor and provides a sufficient time to the converter to be able to code the input signal...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197528/antimutagenic-effect-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-l-aqueous-extract-on-rats-treated-with-monosodium-glutamate
#8
Ana Carla Guidini Valentini Gheller, Jacqueline Kerkhoff, Gerardo Magela Vieira Júnior, Kleber Eduardo de Campos, Marina Mariko Sugui
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. is a plant of the Malvaceae family, commonly known as roselle. H. sabdariffa is known to contain antioxidant, cholesterol-lowering, antiobesity, insulin resistance reduction, antihypertensive, and skin cancer chemopreventive properties. This study evaluated the effects of H. sabdariffa aqueous extract against cyclophosphamide (CPA, 25 mg/Kg) induced damage to DNA in male Wistar rats by micronucleus test. Samples of H. sabdariffa calyx were obtained in the municipality of Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso, Brazil...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#9
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116346/chemical-composition-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-cytotoxic-antimicrobial-and-larvicidal-activities-of-the-essential-oil-of-mentha-piperita-l-lamiaceae
#10
Ryan da Silva Ramos, Alex Bruno Lobato Rodrigues, Ana Luzia Ferreira Farias, Ranggel Carvalho Simões, Mayara Tânia Pinheiro, Ricardo Marcelo Dos Anjos Ferreira, Ledayane Mayana Costa Barbosa, Raimundo Nonato Picanço Souto, João Batista Fernandes, Lourivaldo da Silva Santos, Sheylla Susan Moreira da Silva de Almeida
The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and the identification and quantification of components were achieved with the use of GC-MS analysis. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the method of sequestration of DPPH. Essential oils were used for study the cytotoxic front larvae of Artemia salina. In the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of essential oils, we employed the disk-diffusion method. The potential larvicide in mosquito larvae of the third stage of development of Aedes aegypti to different concentrations of essential oils was evaluated...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116345/emerging-advancements-in-canine-and-feline-metabolism-and-nutrition
#11
EDITORIAL
Anna K Shoveller, Maria R C De Godoy, Jennifer Larsen, Elizabeth Flickinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116344/oregano-extract-added-into-the-diet-of-dairy-heifers-changes-feeding-behavior-and-concentrate-intake
#12
Giovani Jacob Kolling, Dejani Maíra Panazzolo, Alexandre Mossate Gabbi, Marcelo Tempel Stumpf, Marcel Batista Dos Passos, Eduardo Augusto da Cruz, Vivian Fischer
This experiment aimed to describe the effects of Oregano extract (OE) inclusion into the concentrate fed to dairy heifers on physiological parameters, feeding behavior, intake, and performance. Thirty-two Holstein heifers were randomly distributed into four treatments: C = control, without addition of OE; OE2.5 = 2.5 g; OE5.0 = 5.0 g and OE7.5 = 7.5 g of Oregano extract per heifer/day. Feeding behavior and concentrate intake were assessed individually every day and total dry matter intake (DMI) was determined on the last week of the trial...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116343/optimized-extraction-of-resveratrol-from-arachis-repens-handro-by-ultrasound-and-microwave-a-correlation-study-with-the-antioxidant-properties-and-phenol-contents
#13
Leonardo Garcia, Renata Garcia, Georgia Pacheco, Felipe Sutili, Rodrigo De Souza, Elisabeth Mansur, Ivana Leal
The vegetal species Arachis repens, commonly known as peanut grass, was studied and, for the first time, we detected the presence of the bioactive compound trans-resveratrol (t-RSV). We compared the efficiency of three different methodologies (conventional maceration [CM], ultrasound-assisted extractions [UAE], and microwave-assisted extractions [MAE]) concerning total phenolics (TP) and resveratrol (t-RSV) content, followed by antioxidant activity (AA) evaluation. By CM, at 1 h, the highest RSV content (1...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105465/evaluation-of-the-expression-of-the-human-epithelial-receptor-2-her2-in-gastric-carcinoma
#14
Roberto de Moraes Cordts Filho, Paulo Kassab, Laura Carolina Lopez Claro, Mabel Tatty de Medeiros Fracassi, Patrícia Colombo-Souza, Daniel Kenji Fukuhara, Fábio Rodrigues Thuler, Wilson Rodrigues de Freitas Junior, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Carlos Alberto Malheiros
Objective. To evaluate the HER2 expression on gastric adenocarcinoma from a Brazilian population and also to analyze the relations between the receptor and clinical characteristics, as well as the survival status. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted from January of 2008 to July of 2012, considering only gastrectomies with curative intent. Tumors were tested for HER2 status using immunohistochemistry. The relation between HER2 status and clinical aspects, surgical findings, and survival were also analyzed...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105464/kinetics-extraction-modelling-and-antiproliferative-activity-of-clinacanthus-nutans-water-extract
#15
Farah Nadiah Mohd Fazil, Nur Syarafina Mohd Azzimi, Badrul Hisham Yahaya, Nurulain Atikah Kamalaldin, Saiful Irwan Zubairi
Clinacanthus nutans is widely grown in tropical Asia and locally known "belalai gajah" or Sabah snake grass. It has been used as a natural product to treat skin rashes, snake bites, lesion caused by herpes, diabetes, fever, and cancer. Therefore, the objectives of this research are to determine the maximum yield and time of exhaustive flavonoids extraction using Peleg's model and to evaluate potential of antiproliferative activity on human lung cancer cell (A549). The extraction process was carried out on fresh and dried leaves at 28 to 30°C with liquid-to-solid ratio of 10 mL/g for 72 hrs...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101521/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-protein-kinase-inhibitor-pyrrol-derivate
#16
Halyna M Kuznietsova, Maryna S Yena, Iryna P Kotlyar, Olexandr V Ogloblya, Volodymyr K Rybalchenko
In our previous studies we showed antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities of protein kinases inhibitor pyrrol derivate 1-(4-Cl-benzyl)-3-Cl-4-(CF3-fenylamino)-1H-pyrrol-2,5-dione (MI-1) on rat colon cancer model. Therefore anti-inflammatory effect of MI-1 on rat acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis (UC) model was aimed to be discovered. The anti-inflammatory effects of MI-1 (2.7 mg/kg daily) compared to reference drug Prednisolone (0.7 mg/kg daily) after 14-day usage were evaluated on macro- and light microscopy levels and expressed in 21-grade scale...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090571/management-practices-of-cats-owned-by-faculty-staff-and-students-at-two-midwest-veterinary-schools
#17
Judith L Stella, Candace C Croney
Understanding cat owners' housing, care, and management practices is important for promoting cat welfare. A survey study was conducted on the housing and management practices used for cats by students, faculty, and staff of The Ohio State University and Purdue University veterinary colleges. Subjects were 138 cat-owner dyads. Most cats (74%) were housed strictly indoors in keeping with common US veterinary recommendations. However, many did not implement best practices outlined for behavior and other welfare needs of indoor cats...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054031/centering-ability-of-protaper-next-and-waveone-classic-in-j-shape-simulated-root-canals
#18
Giuseppe Troiano, Mario Dioguardi, Armando Cocco, Michele Giuliani, Cristiano Fabiani, Alfonso D'Alessandro, Domenico Ciavarella, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the shaping and centering ability of ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and WaveOne Classic systems (Dentsply Maillefer) in simulated root canals. Methods. Forty J-shaped canals in resin blocks were assigned to two groups (n = 20 for each group). Photographic method was used to record pre- and postinstrumentation images. After superimposition, centering and shaping ability were recorded at 9 different levels from the apex using the software Autocad 2013 (Autodesk Inc...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042599/assessment-of-cytotoxic-activity-of-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-turmeric-curcuma-longa-l-and-ginger-zingiber-officinale-r-essential-oils-in-cervical-cancer-cells-hela
#19
P A S R Santos, G B Avanço, S B Nerilo, R I A Marcelino, V Janeiro, M C Valadares, Miguel Machinski
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of rosemary (REO, Rosmarinus officinalis L.), turmeric (CEO, Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (GEO, Zingiber officinale R.) essential oils in HeLa cells. Cytotoxicity tests were performed in vitro, using tetrazolium (MTT) and neutral red assays for evaluation of antiproliferative activity by different mechanisms, trypan blue assay to assess cell viability and evaluation of cell morphology for Giemsa to observe the cell damage, and Annexin V to evaluate cell death by apoptosis...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004035/reliability-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-version-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-an-iranian-middle-aged-sample
#20
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Fazel Bahrami
The present study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) in an Iranian middle-aged sample. A sample of 55 volunteer Iranian persons took part in the study. Cronbach's alpha of the ASDA was found to be high (0.91) and Spearman-Brown and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were 0.86. The factor analysis of the ASDA items yielded five factors accounting for 72.49% of the total variance and labeled (F1) fear of death and fear of dead people; (F2) fear of postmortem events and fear of tombs; (F3) fear of lethal disease; (F4) preoccupation with after death, and death fear in sleep; and (F5) fear of deprivation of own ones...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
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