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TheScientificWorldJournal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197528/antimutagenic-effect-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-l-aqueous-extract-on-rats-treated-with-monosodium-glutamate
#1
Ana Carla Guidini Valentini Gheller, Jacqueline Kerkhoff, Gerardo Magela Vieira Júnior, Kleber Eduardo de Campos, Marina Mariko Sugui
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. is a plant of the Malvaceae family, commonly known as roselle. H. sabdariffa is known to contain antioxidant, cholesterol-lowering, antiobesity, insulin resistance reduction, antihypertensive, and skin cancer chemopreventive properties. This study evaluated the effects of H. sabdariffa aqueous extract against cyclophosphamide (CPA, 25 mg/Kg) induced damage to DNA in male Wistar rats by micronucleus test. Samples of H. sabdariffa calyx were obtained in the municipality of Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso, Brazil...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#2
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116346/chemical-composition-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-cytotoxic-antimicrobial-and-larvicidal-activities-of-the-essential-oil-of-mentha-piperita-l-lamiaceae
#3
Ryan da Silva Ramos, Alex Bruno Lobato Rodrigues, Ana Luzia Ferreira Farias, Ranggel Carvalho Simões, Mayara Tânia Pinheiro, Ricardo Marcelo Dos Anjos Ferreira, Ledayane Mayana Costa Barbosa, Raimundo Nonato Picanço Souto, João Batista Fernandes, Lourivaldo da Silva Santos, Sheylla Susan Moreira da Silva de Almeida
The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and the identification and quantification of components were achieved with the use of GC-MS analysis. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the method of sequestration of DPPH. Essential oils were used for study the cytotoxic front larvae of Artemia salina. In the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of essential oils, we employed the disk-diffusion method. The potential larvicide in mosquito larvae of the third stage of development of Aedes aegypti to different concentrations of essential oils was evaluated...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116345/emerging-advancements-in-canine-and-feline-metabolism-and-nutrition
#4
EDITORIAL
Anna K Shoveller, Maria R C De Godoy, Jennifer Larsen, Elizabeth Flickinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116344/oregano-extract-added-into-the-diet-of-dairy-heifers-changes-feeding-behavior-and-concentrate-intake
#5
Giovani Jacob Kolling, Dejani Maíra Panazzolo, Alexandre Mossate Gabbi, Marcelo Tempel Stumpf, Marcel Batista Dos Passos, Eduardo Augusto da Cruz, Vivian Fischer
This experiment aimed to describe the effects of Oregano extract (OE) inclusion into the concentrate fed to dairy heifers on physiological parameters, feeding behavior, intake, and performance. Thirty-two Holstein heifers were randomly distributed into four treatments: C = control, without addition of OE; OE2.5 = 2.5 g; OE5.0 = 5.0 g and OE7.5 = 7.5 g of Oregano extract per heifer/day. Feeding behavior and concentrate intake were assessed individually every day and total dry matter intake (DMI) was determined on the last week of the trial...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116343/optimized-extraction-of-resveratrol-from-arachis-repens-handro-by-ultrasound-and-microwave-a-correlation-study-with-the-antioxidant-properties-and-phenol-contents
#6
Leonardo Garcia, Renata Garcia, Georgia Pacheco, Felipe Sutili, Rodrigo De Souza, Elisabeth Mansur, Ivana Leal
The vegetal species Arachis repens, commonly known as peanut grass, was studied and, for the first time, we detected the presence of the bioactive compound trans-resveratrol (t-RSV). We compared the efficiency of three different methodologies (conventional maceration [CM], ultrasound-assisted extractions [UAE], and microwave-assisted extractions [MAE]) concerning total phenolics (TP) and resveratrol (t-RSV) content, followed by antioxidant activity (AA) evaluation. By CM, at 1 h, the highest RSV content (1...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105465/evaluation-of-the-expression-of-the-human-epithelial-receptor-2-her2-in-gastric-carcinoma
#7
Roberto de Moraes Cordts Filho, Paulo Kassab, Laura Carolina Lopez Claro, Mabel Tatty de Medeiros Fracassi, Patrícia Colombo-Souza, Daniel Kenji Fukuhara, Fábio Rodrigues Thuler, Wilson Rodrigues de Freitas Junior, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Carlos Alberto Malheiros
Objective. To evaluate the HER2 expression on gastric adenocarcinoma from a Brazilian population and also to analyze the relations between the receptor and clinical characteristics, as well as the survival status. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted from January of 2008 to July of 2012, considering only gastrectomies with curative intent. Tumors were tested for HER2 status using immunohistochemistry. The relation between HER2 status and clinical aspects, surgical findings, and survival were also analyzed...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105464/kinetics-extraction-modelling-and-antiproliferative-activity-of-clinacanthus-nutans-water-extract
#8
Farah Nadiah Mohd Fazil, Nur Syarafina Mohd Azzimi, Badrul Hisham Yahaya, Nurulain Atikah Kamalaldin, Saiful Irwan Zubairi
Clinacanthus nutans is widely grown in tropical Asia and locally known "belalai gajah" or Sabah snake grass. It has been used as a natural product to treat skin rashes, snake bites, lesion caused by herpes, diabetes, fever, and cancer. Therefore, the objectives of this research are to determine the maximum yield and time of exhaustive flavonoids extraction using Peleg's model and to evaluate potential of antiproliferative activity on human lung cancer cell (A549). The extraction process was carried out on fresh and dried leaves at 28 to 30°C with liquid-to-solid ratio of 10 mL/g for 72 hrs...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101521/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-protein-kinase-inhibitor-pyrrol-derivate
#9
Halyna M Kuznietsova, Maryna S Yena, Iryna P Kotlyar, Olexandr V Ogloblya, Volodymyr K Rybalchenko
In our previous studies we showed antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities of protein kinases inhibitor pyrrol derivate 1-(4-Cl-benzyl)-3-Cl-4-(CF3-fenylamino)-1H-pyrrol-2,5-dione (MI-1) on rat colon cancer model. Therefore anti-inflammatory effect of MI-1 on rat acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis (UC) model was aimed to be discovered. The anti-inflammatory effects of MI-1 (2.7 mg/kg daily) compared to reference drug Prednisolone (0.7 mg/kg daily) after 14-day usage were evaluated on macro- and light microscopy levels and expressed in 21-grade scale...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090571/management-practices-of-cats-owned-by-faculty-staff-and-students-at-two-midwest-veterinary-schools
#10
Judith L Stella, Candace C Croney
Understanding cat owners' housing, care, and management practices is important for promoting cat welfare. A survey study was conducted on the housing and management practices used for cats by students, faculty, and staff of The Ohio State University and Purdue University veterinary colleges. Subjects were 138 cat-owner dyads. Most cats (74%) were housed strictly indoors in keeping with common US veterinary recommendations. However, many did not implement best practices outlined for behavior and other welfare needs of indoor cats...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054031/centering-ability-of-protaper-next-and-waveone-classic-in-j-shape-simulated-root-canals
#11
Giuseppe Troiano, Mario Dioguardi, Armando Cocco, Michele Giuliani, Cristiano Fabiani, Alfonso D'Alessandro, Domenico Ciavarella, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the shaping and centering ability of ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and WaveOne Classic systems (Dentsply Maillefer) in simulated root canals. Methods. Forty J-shaped canals in resin blocks were assigned to two groups (n = 20 for each group). Photographic method was used to record pre- and postinstrumentation images. After superimposition, centering and shaping ability were recorded at 9 different levels from the apex using the software Autocad 2013 (Autodesk Inc...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042599/assessment-of-cytotoxic-activity-of-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-turmeric-curcuma-longa-l-and-ginger-zingiber-officinale-r-essential-oils-in-cervical-cancer-cells-hela
#12
P A S R Santos, G B Avanço, S B Nerilo, R I A Marcelino, V Janeiro, M C Valadares, Miguel Machinski
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of rosemary (REO, Rosmarinus officinalis L.), turmeric (CEO, Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (GEO, Zingiber officinale R.) essential oils in HeLa cells. Cytotoxicity tests were performed in vitro, using tetrazolium (MTT) and neutral red assays for evaluation of antiproliferative activity by different mechanisms, trypan blue assay to assess cell viability and evaluation of cell morphology for Giemsa to observe the cell damage, and Annexin V to evaluate cell death by apoptosis...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004035/reliability-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-version-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-an-iranian-middle-aged-sample
#13
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Fazel Bahrami
The present study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) in an Iranian middle-aged sample. A sample of 55 volunteer Iranian persons took part in the study. Cronbach's alpha of the ASDA was found to be high (0.91) and Spearman-Brown and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were 0.86. The factor analysis of the ASDA items yielded five factors accounting for 72.49% of the total variance and labeled (F1) fear of death and fear of dead people; (F2) fear of postmortem events and fear of tombs; (F3) fear of lethal disease; (F4) preoccupation with after death, and death fear in sleep; and (F5) fear of deprivation of own ones...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004034/klebsiella-pneumoniae-planktonic-and-biofilm-reduction-by-different-plant-extracts-in-vitro-study
#14
Lucas De Paula Ramos, Carlos Eduardo da Rocha Santos, Daphne Camargo Reis Mello, Lígia Nishiama Theodoro, Felipe Eduardo De Oliveira, Graziella N Back Brito, Juliana Campos Junqueira, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Luciane Dias de Oliveira
This study evaluated the action of Pfaffia paniculata K., Juglans regia L., and Rosmarius officinalis L. extracts against planktonic form and biofilm of Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum microbicidal concentration (MMC) values were determined for each extract by microdilution broth method, according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Next, antimicrobial activity of the extracts on biofilm was analyzed. For this, standardized suspension at 10(7) UFC/mL of K...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004033/psychomotor-development-in-cri-du-chat-syndrome-comparison-in-two-italian-cohorts-with-different-rehabilitation-methods
#15
Andrea Guala, Marianna Spunton, Fabio Tognon, Marilena Pedrinazzi, Luisa Medolago, Paola Cerutti Mainardi, Silvia Spairani, Michela Malacarne, Enrico Finale, Mario Comelli, Cesare Danesino
The Cri du Chat syndrome (CdC) is a rare genetic disorder caused by variable size deletions of the short arm of chromosome 5 (5p-). It is well known that home-reared patients show better performances as compared to institutionalised cases, and it was reported that continuous educational intervention can ameliorate their performances. To assess the efficacy of educational intervention and to develop new CdC oriented programs of rehabilitation, we compare the results obtained for many developmental skills in two groups of CdC patients undergoing two different rehabilitation programs...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004032/histological-and-metabolic-state-of-dams-suckling-small-litter-or-msg-treated-pups
#16
Claudia Regina Capriglioni Cancian, Nayara Carvalho Leite, Elisangela Gueiber Montes, Stefani Valeria Fisher, Leticia Waselcoski, Emily Caroline Lopes Stal, Renata Zanardini Christoforo, Sabrina Grassiolli
Lactation is an important function that is dependent on changes in the maternal homeostasis and sustained by histological maternal adjustments. We evaluated how offspring manipulations during the lactational phase can modulate maternal morphologic aspects in the mammary gland, adipose tissue, and pancreatic islets of lactating dams. Two different models of litter-manipulation-during-lactation were used: litter sizes, small litters (SL) or normal litters (NL) and subcutaneous injections in the puppies of monosodium glutamate (MSG), or saline (CON)...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975080/excretory-function-of-intestinal-tract-enhanced-in-kidney-impaired-rats-caused-by-adenine
#17
Yu Yun, Tao Gao, Yue Li, Zhiyi Gao, Jinlian Duan, Hua Yin, Weigang Duan
The main aim of the study was to prove the compensative effect of intestine for renal function. Rat kidney was impaired by intragastrically administrating adenine (400 mg per day for 5 days). Intestinal tract was harvested and equally divided into 20 segments except cecum. Kidneys were harvested and histologically examined with hematoxylin-eosin staining kits. Uric acid, urea (BUN), and creatinine in serum were determined with assay kits, and BUN and creatinine in every intestinal segment were also determined...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965987/assessment-of-natural-radioactivity-levels-and-radiation-hazards-in-agricultural-and-virgin-soil-in-the-state-of-kedah-north-of-malaysia
#18
Ghazwa Alzubaidi, Fauziah B S Hamid, I Abdul Rahman
The activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides (226)Ra, (232)Th, and (40)K were determined in 30 agricultural and virgin soil samples randomly collected from Kedah, north of Malaysia, at a fertile soil depth of 0-30 cm. Gamma-ray spectrometry was applied using high-purity germanium (HPGe) gamma-ray detector and a PC-based MCA. The mean radioactivity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th, and (40)K were found to be 102.08 ± 3.96, 133.96 ± 2.92, and 325.87 ± 9.83 Bq kg(-1), respectively, in agricultural soils and 65...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957525/intake-nutrient-apparent-digestibility-and-ruminal-constituents-of-crossbred-dorper-%C3%A3-santa-in%C3%A3%C2%AAs-sheep-fed-diets-with-babassu-mesocarp-flour
#19
Osman José de Aguiar Gerude Neto, Michelle de Oliveira Maia Parente, Henrique Nunes Parente, Arnaud Azevedo Alves, Paull Andrews Carvalho Dos Santos, Miguel Arcanjo Moreira Filho, Anderson de Moura Zanine, Daniele de Jesus Ferreira, Leilson Rocha Bezerra, Ruan Mourão da Silva Gomes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on intake, apparent digestibility, and ruminal constituents of sheep in response to the addition of increasing levels of babassu mesocarp flour (BMF) to the diet. Twenty crossbred sheep (29.17 ± 2.23 kg) were used in a randomized complete block design. Lambs were confined for 21 days, with 16 days for diet adaptation and 5 days for data collection, in which they were fed an isonitrogenous diet (16.5 ± 0.2 CP, DM basis) containing 70% of concentrate and 30% (DM basis) of Tifton 85 hay...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957524/fetal-hemodynamic-parameters-in-low-risk-pregnancies-doppler-velocimetry-of-uterine-umbilical-and-middle-cerebral-artery
#20
C O Figueira, F G Surita, M S Dertkigil, S L Pereira, J R Bennini, S S Morais, J Mayrink, J G Cecatti
Objective. To elaborate curves of longitudinal reference intervals of pulsatility index (PI) and systolic velocity (SV) for uterine (UtA), umbilical (UA), and middle cerebral arteries (MCA), in low risk pregnancies. Methods. Doppler velocimetric measurements of PI and SV from 63 low risk pregnant women between 16 and 41 weeks of gestational age. Means (±SD) for intervals of gestational age and percentiles 5, 50, and 95 were calculated for each parameter. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) were also estimated for assessing intra- and intervariability of measurements...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
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