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TheScientificWorldJournal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105465/evaluation-of-the-expression-of-the-human-epithelial-receptor-2-her2-in-gastric-carcinoma
#1
Roberto de Moraes Cordts Filho, Paulo Kassab, Laura Carolina Lopez Claro, Mabel Tatty de Medeiros Fracassi, Patrícia Colombo-Souza, Daniel Kenji Fukuhara, Fábio Rodrigues Thuler, Wilson Rodrigues de Freitas Junior, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Carlos Alberto Malheiros
Objective. To evaluate the HER2 expression on gastric adenocarcinoma from a Brazilian population and also to analyze the relations between the receptor and clinical characteristics, as well as the survival status. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted from January of 2008 to July of 2012, considering only gastrectomies with curative intent. Tumors were tested for HER2 status using immunohistochemistry. The relation between HER2 status and clinical aspects, surgical findings, and survival were also analyzed...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105464/kinetics-extraction-modelling-and-antiproliferative-activity-of-clinacanthus-nutans-water-extract
#2
Farah Nadiah Mohd Fazil, Nur Syarafina Mohd Azzimi, Badrul Hisham Yahaya, Nurulain Atikah Kamalaldin, Saiful Irwan Zubairi
Clinacanthus nutans is widely grown in tropical Asia and locally known "belalai gajah" or Sabah snake grass. It has been used as a natural product to treat skin rashes, snake bites, lesion caused by herpes, diabetes, fever, and cancer. Therefore, the objectives of this research are to determine the maximum yield and time of exhaustive flavonoids extraction using Peleg's model and to evaluate potential of antiproliferative activity on human lung cancer cell (A549). The extraction process was carried out on fresh and dried leaves at 28 to 30°C with liquid-to-solid ratio of 10 mL/g for 72 hrs...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101521/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-protein-kinase-inhibitor-pyrrol-derivate
#3
Halyna M Kuznietsova, Maryna S Yena, Iryna P Kotlyar, Olexandr V Ogloblya, Volodymyr K Rybalchenko
In our previous studies we showed antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities of protein kinases inhibitor pyrrol derivate 1-(4-Cl-benzyl)-3-Cl-4-(CF3-fenylamino)-1H-pyrrol-2,5-dione (MI-1) on rat colon cancer model. Therefore anti-inflammatory effect of MI-1 on rat acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis (UC) model was aimed to be discovered. The anti-inflammatory effects of MI-1 (2.7 mg/kg daily) compared to reference drug Prednisolone (0.7 mg/kg daily) after 14-day usage were evaluated on macro- and light microscopy levels and expressed in 21-grade scale...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090571/management-practices-of-cats-owned-by-faculty-staff-and-students-at-two-midwest-veterinary-schools
#4
Judith L Stella, Candace C Croney
Understanding cat owners' housing, care, and management practices is important for promoting cat welfare. A survey study was conducted on the housing and management practices used for cats by students, faculty, and staff of The Ohio State University and Purdue University veterinary colleges. Subjects were 138 cat-owner dyads. Most cats (74%) were housed strictly indoors in keeping with common US veterinary recommendations. However, many did not implement best practices outlined for behavior and other welfare needs of indoor cats...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054031/centering-ability-of-protaper-next-and-waveone-classic-in-j-shape-simulated-root-canals
#5
Giuseppe Troiano, Mario Dioguardi, Armando Cocco, Michele Giuliani, Cristiano Fabiani, Alfonso D'Alessandro, Domenico Ciavarella, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the shaping and centering ability of ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and WaveOne Classic systems (Dentsply Maillefer) in simulated root canals. Methods. Forty J-shaped canals in resin blocks were assigned to two groups (n = 20 for each group). Photographic method was used to record pre- and postinstrumentation images. After superimposition, centering and shaping ability were recorded at 9 different levels from the apex using the software Autocad 2013 (Autodesk Inc...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042599/assessment-of-cytotoxic-activity-of-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-turmeric-curcuma-longa-l-and-ginger-zingiber-officinale-r-essential-oils-in-cervical-cancer-cells-hela
#6
P A S R Santos, G B Avanço, S B Nerilo, R I A Marcelino, V Janeiro, M C Valadares, Miguel Machinski
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of rosemary (REO, Rosmarinus officinalis L.), turmeric (CEO, Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (GEO, Zingiber officinale R.) essential oils in HeLa cells. Cytotoxicity tests were performed in vitro, using tetrazolium (MTT) and neutral red assays for evaluation of antiproliferative activity by different mechanisms, trypan blue assay to assess cell viability and evaluation of cell morphology for Giemsa to observe the cell damage, and Annexin V to evaluate cell death by apoptosis...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004035/reliability-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-version-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-an-iranian-middle-aged-sample
#7
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Fazel Bahrami
The present study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) in an Iranian middle-aged sample. A sample of 55 volunteer Iranian persons took part in the study. Cronbach's alpha of the ASDA was found to be high (0.91) and Spearman-Brown and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were 0.86. The factor analysis of the ASDA items yielded five factors accounting for 72.49% of the total variance and labeled (F1) fear of death and fear of dead people; (F2) fear of postmortem events and fear of tombs; (F3) fear of lethal disease; (F4) preoccupation with after death, and death fear in sleep; and (F5) fear of deprivation of own ones...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004034/klebsiella-pneumoniae-planktonic-and-biofilm-reduction-by-different-plant-extracts-in-vitro-study
#8
Lucas De Paula Ramos, Carlos Eduardo da Rocha Santos, Daphne Camargo Reis Mello, Lígia Nishiama Theodoro, Felipe Eduardo De Oliveira, Graziella N Back Brito, Juliana Campos Junqueira, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Luciane Dias de Oliveira
This study evaluated the action of Pfaffia paniculata K., Juglans regia L., and Rosmarius officinalis L. extracts against planktonic form and biofilm of Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum microbicidal concentration (MMC) values were determined for each extract by microdilution broth method, according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Next, antimicrobial activity of the extracts on biofilm was analyzed. For this, standardized suspension at 10(7) UFC/mL of K...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004033/psychomotor-development-in-cri-du-chat-syndrome-comparison-in-two-italian-cohorts-with-different-rehabilitation-methods
#9
Andrea Guala, Marianna Spunton, Fabio Tognon, Marilena Pedrinazzi, Luisa Medolago, Paola Cerutti Mainardi, Silvia Spairani, Michela Malacarne, Enrico Finale, Mario Comelli, Cesare Danesino
The Cri du Chat syndrome (CdC) is a rare genetic disorder caused by variable size deletions of the short arm of chromosome 5 (5p-). It is well known that home-reared patients show better performances as compared to institutionalised cases, and it was reported that continuous educational intervention can ameliorate their performances. To assess the efficacy of educational intervention and to develop new CdC oriented programs of rehabilitation, we compare the results obtained for many developmental skills in two groups of CdC patients undergoing two different rehabilitation programs...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004032/histological-and-metabolic-state-of-dams-suckling-small-litter-or-msg-treated-pups
#10
Claudia Regina Capriglioni Cancian, Nayara Carvalho Leite, Elisangela Gueiber Montes, Stefani Valeria Fisher, Leticia Waselcoski, Emily Caroline Lopes Stal, Renata Zanardini Christoforo, Sabrina Grassiolli
Lactation is an important function that is dependent on changes in the maternal homeostasis and sustained by histological maternal adjustments. We evaluated how offspring manipulations during the lactational phase can modulate maternal morphologic aspects in the mammary gland, adipose tissue, and pancreatic islets of lactating dams. Two different models of litter-manipulation-during-lactation were used: litter sizes, small litters (SL) or normal litters (NL) and subcutaneous injections in the puppies of monosodium glutamate (MSG), or saline (CON)...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975080/excretory-function-of-intestinal-tract-enhanced-in-kidney-impaired-rats-caused-by-adenine
#11
Yu Yun, Tao Gao, Yue Li, Zhiyi Gao, Jinlian Duan, Hua Yin, Weigang Duan
The main aim of the study was to prove the compensative effect of intestine for renal function. Rat kidney was impaired by intragastrically administrating adenine (400 mg per day for 5 days). Intestinal tract was harvested and equally divided into 20 segments except cecum. Kidneys were harvested and histologically examined with hematoxylin-eosin staining kits. Uric acid, urea (BUN), and creatinine in serum were determined with assay kits, and BUN and creatinine in every intestinal segment were also determined...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965987/assessment-of-natural-radioactivity-levels-and-radiation-hazards-in-agricultural-and-virgin-soil-in-the-state-of-kedah-north-of-malaysia
#12
Ghazwa Alzubaidi, Fauziah B S Hamid, I Abdul Rahman
The activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides (226)Ra, (232)Th, and (40)K were determined in 30 agricultural and virgin soil samples randomly collected from Kedah, north of Malaysia, at a fertile soil depth of 0-30 cm. Gamma-ray spectrometry was applied using high-purity germanium (HPGe) gamma-ray detector and a PC-based MCA. The mean radioactivity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th, and (40)K were found to be 102.08 ± 3.96, 133.96 ± 2.92, and 325.87 ± 9.83 Bq kg(-1), respectively, in agricultural soils and 65...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957525/intake-nutrient-apparent-digestibility-and-ruminal-constituents-of-crossbred-dorper-%C3%A3-santa-in%C3%A3%C2%AAs-sheep-fed-diets-with-babassu-mesocarp-flour
#13
Osman José de Aguiar Gerude Neto, Michelle de Oliveira Maia Parente, Henrique Nunes Parente, Arnaud Azevedo Alves, Paull Andrews Carvalho Dos Santos, Miguel Arcanjo Moreira Filho, Anderson de Moura Zanine, Daniele de Jesus Ferreira, Leilson Rocha Bezerra, Ruan Mourão da Silva Gomes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on intake, apparent digestibility, and ruminal constituents of sheep in response to the addition of increasing levels of babassu mesocarp flour (BMF) to the diet. Twenty crossbred sheep (29.17 ± 2.23 kg) were used in a randomized complete block design. Lambs were confined for 21 days, with 16 days for diet adaptation and 5 days for data collection, in which they were fed an isonitrogenous diet (16.5 ± 0.2 CP, DM basis) containing 70% of concentrate and 30% (DM basis) of Tifton 85 hay...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957524/fetal-hemodynamic-parameters-in-low-risk-pregnancies-doppler-velocimetry-of-uterine-umbilical-and-middle-cerebral-artery
#14
C O Figueira, F G Surita, M S Dertkigil, S L Pereira, J R Bennini, S S Morais, J Mayrink, J G Cecatti
Objective. To elaborate curves of longitudinal reference intervals of pulsatility index (PI) and systolic velocity (SV) for uterine (UtA), umbilical (UA), and middle cerebral arteries (MCA), in low risk pregnancies. Methods. Doppler velocimetric measurements of PI and SV from 63 low risk pregnant women between 16 and 41 weeks of gestational age. Means (±SD) for intervals of gestational age and percentiles 5, 50, and 95 were calculated for each parameter. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) were also estimated for assessing intra- and intervariability of measurements...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891531/origanum-majorana-essential-oil-lacks-mutagenic-activity-in-the-salmonella-microsome-and-micronucleus-assays
#15
Andrea Dos Santos Dantas, Luiz Carlos Klein-Júnior, Miriana S Machado, Temenouga N Guecheva, Luciana D Dos Santos, Régis A Zanette, Fernanda B de Mello, João Antonio Pêgas Henriques, João Roberto Braga de Mello
The present study aimed to investigate the in vitro mutagenic activity of Origanum majorana essential oil. The most abundant compounds identified by GC-MS were γ-terpinene (25.73%), α-terpinene (17.35%), terpinen-4-ol (17.24%), and sabinene (10.8%). Mutagenicity was evaluated by the Salmonella/microsome test using the preincubation procedure on TA98, TA97a, TA100, TA102, and TA1535 Salmonella typhimurium strains, in the absence or in the presence of metabolic activation. Cytotoxicity was detected at concentrations higher than 0...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847859/qualitative-theory-of-differential-equations-difference-equations-and-dynamic-equations-on-time-scales
#16
EDITORIAL
Tongxing Li, Martin Bohner, Tuncay Candan, Yuriy V Rogovchenko, Qi-Ru Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844050/on-the-interval-stability-of-weak-nonlinear-control-systems-with-aftereffect
#17
Andriy Shatyrko, Denys Khusainov
Sufficient conditions of interval absolute stability of nonlinear control systems described in terms of systems of the ordinary differential equations with delay argument and also neutral type are obtained. The Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional method in the form of the sum of a quadratic component and integrals from nonlinearity is used at construction of statements.
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833936/meeting-the-vitamin-a-requirement-the-efficacy-and-importance-of-%C3%AE-carotene-in-animal-species
#18
REVIEW
Alice S Green, Andrea J Fascetti
Vitamin A is essential for life in all vertebrate animals. Vitamin A requirement can be met from dietary preformed vitamin A or provitamin A carotenoids, the most important of which is β-carotene. The metabolism of β-carotene, including its intestinal absorption, accumulation in tissues, and conversion to vitamin A, varies widely across animal species and determines the role that β-carotene plays in meeting vitamin A requirement. This review begins with a brief discussion of vitamin A, with an emphasis on species differences in metabolism...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830175/a-total-economic-valuation-of-wetland-ecosystem-services-an-evidence-from-jagadishpur-ramsar-site-nepal
#19
Sony Baral, Bijendra Basnyat, Rajendra Khanal, Kalyan Gauli
Wetlands are the most productive ecosystem and provide wide arrays of wetland ecosystems (goods and services) to the local communities in particular and global communities in general. However, management of the wetland often does not remain priority and recognized as the unproductive waste land mainly due to poor realization of the economic value of the wetlands. Taking this into account, the study estimated the total economic value of the Jagadishpur Reservoir taking into account direct, indirect, and nonuse value...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819020/type-and-quantity-of-shipborne-garbage-at-selected-tropical-beaches
#20
Julyus-Melvin Mobilik, Teck-Yee Ling, Mohd-Lokman Husain, Ruhana Hassan
Marine debris is widely distributed at the coastal area of the global oceans; however, shipborne garbage source studies are still lacking to document the pollution in Malaysia Territorial Water. Thus, this study has adopted a standard method of beach marine debris survey at five beaches and inspected 115 vessels to assess the type and amount of debris from shipping source stranded on the beach. This study found that vessel visiting Malaysian ports observed the MARPOL 73/78 Annex V requirements; however, identified objects from shipping activity (1...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
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