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TheScientificWorldJournal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130064/phylogenetic-group-of-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-broilers-in-brazilian-poultry-slaughterhouse
#1
Fernanda M Coura, Soraia A Diniz, Marcos X Silva, Thiago L M Arcebismo, Silvia Minharro, Adriana C F Feitosa, Andrey P Lage, Terezinha Knöbl, Jamili Maria Suhet Mussi, Marcos B Heinemann
The aim of the study was to determine the phylogenetic groups of E. coli strains isolated from seemingly healthy broiler and broiler condemned suspected of colibacillosis in a Brazilian slaughterhouse. Samples from respiratory tract and edible giblets (liver and heart) of broilers with and without macroscopic lesions of colibacillosis were collected at slaughter. There were 84 strains isolated from broilers condemned of which 11 were obtained from swabs of the heart, 7 from the liver, and 66 from the respiratory tract...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124118/chemical-analysis-and-evaluation-of-antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-photoprotective-activities-of-schinopsis-brasiliensis-engl-anacardiaceae
#2
Sarah Raquel Gomes de Lima-Saraiva, Fernanda Granja da Silva Oliveira, Raimundo Gonçalves de Oliveira Junior, Camila de Souza Araújo, Ana Paula de Oliveira, Alessandra Gomes Marques Pacheco, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Elba Lúcia Cavalcanti de Amorim, Francine Celise Siqueira César, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida
Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. is a native plant of Caatinga which has high concentrations of compounds capable of absorbing ultraviolet light, suggesting its potential application for the development of sunscreen preparations. After its identification and collection, this vegetable drug was submitted to a physicochemical analysis through the preparation of ethanolic extract. The phytochemical screening and analysis of extracts were carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) evaluation. The antioxidant activity of the extract was evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and β-carotene bleaching test...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109967/explaining-continuance-intention-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-the-rural-elderly-an-application-of-the-expectancy-confirmation-model
#3
Mohamad Reza Jafari, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Hashem Mohamadian
Background and Aim: Healthy aging is the permanent right of all people. Thus, the purpose of this work was to investigate the expectation confirmation model constructs on intention of continuing to consume fruit and vegetables among the rural elderly. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 332 elderly. The expectation confirmation model served as a theoretical framework. A random sampling was recruited. Data were collected through face-to-face visit in the second 6 months of 2016...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082306/skin-to-skin-contact-in-cesarean-birth-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-a-cohort-study
#4
Andrea Guala, Luigina Boscardini, Raffaella Visentin, Paola Angellotti, Laura Grugni, Michelangelo Barbaglia, Elise Chapin, Eleonora Castelli, Enrico Finale
Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth is a physiological practice that is internationally recommended and has well-documented importance for the baby and for the mother. This study aims to examine SSC with a cohort of mothers or fathers in the operating room after a Cesarean section (C-section) and its relationship with duration of breastfeeding. From January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012, at the Castelli Hospital in Verbania, Italy, a Baby Friendly designated hospital, 252 consecutive women who had a C-section were enrolled in the study and followed for 6 months...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075660/continental-shelf-sediments-of-sarawak-malaysian-borneo
#5
Wan Zabidii Wan Morni, Siti Akmar Khadijah Ab Rahim, Tarmiji Masron, Richard Rumpet, Jamil Musel, Ruhana Hassan
Sediment distributions in deep sea influence the benthic community structure and thus play an important role in shaping the marine ecosystem. Several studies on sediment characteristics had been conducted in South China Sea (SCS), but only limited to coastal areas of regions within SCS territories. Therefore, this study was carried out to analyze the benthic sediment profile in an area beyond 12 nautical miles off the coast of Sarawak, southern SCS. Sediment samples were collected from 31 stations, comprising three depth ranges: (I) 20-50 m, (II) 50-100 m, and (III) 100-200 m...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929128/uv-activation-of-persulfate-for-removal-of-penicillin-g-antibiotics-in-aqueous-solution
#6
Samira Norzaee, Edris Bazrafshan, Babak Djahed, Ferdos Kord Mostafapour, Razieh Khaksefidi
Penicillin G (PG) is one of the most widely consumed antibiotics around the world. Release of PG in environment may lead to contamination of water resources. The aim of the present work is to assess feasibility of applying UV-activated persulfate process in removal of PG from aquatic environments. The study examined the effect of pH (3-11), persulfate initial concentration (0.5-3 mM), reaction time (15-90 minutes), and initial concentration of PG (0.02-0.14 mM) on PG decomposition. Also, the pseudo-first-order kinetic model was used for kinetic analysis of PG removal...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929127/risk-of-fungi-associated-with-aflatoxin-and-fumonisin-in-medicinal-herbal-products-in-the-kenyan-market
#7
Lucia Keter, Richard Too, Nicholas Mwikwabe, Charles Mutai, Jennifer Orwa, Lizzy Mwamburi, Stanley Ndwigah, Christine Bii, Richard Korir
Utilization of herbal products is a major concern due to the possibility of contamination by toxigenic fungi that are mycotoxin producers such as Aspergillus species during processing and packaging. Research was carried out to determine the presence of aflatoxins and fumonisins in herbal medicinal products sold in Eldoret and Mombasa towns in Kenya. The study employed both exploratory and laboratory experimental design. The herbal products were purchased from the market and transported to Kenya Medical Research Institute for processing and analysis...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913412/addition-of-wollastonite-fibers-to-calcium-phosphate-cement-increases-cell-viability-and-stimulates-differentiation-of-osteoblast-like-cells
#8
Juliana Almeida Domingues, Mariana Motisuke, Celso Aparecido Bertran, Moema A Hausen, Eliana Aparecida de Rezende Duek, José Angelo Camilli
Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) that is based on α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) is considered desirable for bone tissue engineering because of its relatively rapid degradation properties. However, such cement is relatively weak, restricting its use to areas of low mechanical stress. Wollastonite fibers (WF) have been used to improve the mechanical strength of biomaterials. However, the biological properties of WF remain poorly understood. Here, we tested the response of osteoblast-like cells to being cultured on CPC reinforced with 5% of WF (CPC-WF)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913411/difference-of-success-rates-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-pulpotomies-performed-both-by-undergraduate-dental-students-and-by-an-expert-operator-a-retrospective-study
#9
Marco Pasini, Maria Rita Giuca, Roberto Gatto, Silvia Caruso
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of pulpotomy on primary molars performed by dental students compared to that performed by an expert operator. METHODS: The study was conducted on 142 second primary molars in 102 children. The patients were randomly selected from the available records. The test group (treated by dental students) included 51 subjects (28 males and 23 females, mean age: 7.2 ± 1) and the control group included 51 children (29 males and 22 females, mean age: 7...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900630/determination-of-vitamin-d-status-in-a-population-of-ecuadorian-subjects
#10
G Maldonado, C Paredes, R Guerrero, C Ríos
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D is a preprohormone known to play a key role in phosphocalcic metabolism; its main source comes from the synthesis at the skin level by ultraviolet (UV) radiation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of vitamin D in an Ecuadorian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of Ecuadorian subjects from the city of Guayaquil, who had an initial study of 25 (OH)-D serum, as the indicator of Vitamin D status, in the period of 2015-2016...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894785/experimental-study-of-a-pack-of-supercapacitors-used-in-electric-vehicles
#11
Amari Mansour, Chabchoub Mohamed Hedi, Bacha Faouzi
Electric vehicles have recently attracted research interest. An electric vehicle is composed of two energy sources, such as fuel cells and ultracapacitors, which are employed to provide, respectively, the steady-state and transient power demanded by the vehicle. A bidirectional DC-DC converter is needed to interface the ultracapacitor to a DC bus. The pack of ultracapacitor consists of many cells in series and possibly also in parallel. In this regard, this paper introduces a comparative study between two packs of supercapacitors...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884142/corrigendum-to-low-body-mass-index-can-identify-majority-of-osteoporotic-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-missed-by-current-guidelines
#12
Ashish Atreja, Ashish Aggarwal, Angelo A Licata, Bret A Lashner
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1100/2012/807438.].
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856236/overweight-and-body-image-perception-in-adolescents-with-triage-of-eating-disorders
#13
Roberta Stofeles Cecon, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Silvia Eloiza Priore
PURPOSE: To verify the influence of overweight and alteration in the perception of the corporal image during the triage of eating disorders. METHOD: A food disorder triage was performed in adolescents with 10 to 19 years of age using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE), as well as a nutritional status evaluation. The perception of body image was evaluated in a subsample of adolescents with 10 to 14 years of age, using the Brazilian Silhouette Scale...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845443/in-vitro-antibacterial-and-antibiofilm-activity-of-lippia-alba-essential-oil-citral-and-carvone-against-staphylococcus-aureus
#14
Emanuela Mesquita Porfírio, Hider Machado Melo, Antônio Matheus Gomes Pereira, Theodora Thays Arruda Cavalcante, Geovany Amorim Gomes, Mário Geraldo de Carvalho, Renata Albuquerque Costa, Francisco Eduardo Aragão Catunda Júnior
In vitro antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of the Lippia alba essential oil and its major components (citral and carvone) against Staphylococcus aureus were investigated. Essential oils (LA1EO, LA2EO, and LA3EO) were extracted from the aerial parts of three L. alba specimens by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer. Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) and Minimum Bacterial Concentration (MBC) were determined by the microdilution method. For the antibiofilm assays, the biomass formation in the biofilm was evaluated by the microtiter-plate technique with the crystal violet (CV) assay and the viability of the bacterial cells was analyzed...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845442/etherification-of-glycerol-with-propylene-or-1-butene-for-fuel-additives
#15
Chakrapong Saengarun, Amorn Petsom, Duangamol Nuntasri Tungasmita
The etherification of glycerol with propylene over acidic heterogeneous catalysts, Amberlyst-15, S100, and S200 resins, produced mono-propyl glycerol ethers (MPGEs), 1,3-di- and 1,2-di-propyl glycerol ethers (DPGEs), and tri-propyl glycerol ether (TPGE). The propylation of glycerol over Amberlyst-15 yielded only TPGE. The glycerol etherification with 1-butene over Amberlyst-15 and S200 resins produced 1-mono-, 2-mono-, 1,2-di-, and 1,3-di-butyl glycerol ethers (1-MBGE, 2-MBGE, 1,2-DBGE, and 1,3-DBGE). The use of Amberlyst-15 resulted in the propylation and butylation of glycerol with higher yields than those obtained from the S100 and S200 resins...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828397/assessment-of-useful-plants-in-the-catchment-area-of-the-proposed-ntabelanga-dam-in-the-eastern-cape-province-south-africa
#16
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: The developmental projects, particularly construction of dams, result in permanent changes of terrestrial ecosystems through inundation. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken aiming at documenting useful plant species in Ntabelanga dam catchment area that will be impacted by the construction of the proposed dam. METHODS: A total of 55 randomly selected quadrats were used to assess plant species diversity and composition. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) methods were used to identify useful plant species growing in the catchment area through interviews with 108 randomly selected participants...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815196/simultaneous-health-risk-behaviors-in-adolescents-associated-with-higher-economic-class-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#17
Arley Santos Leão, Nara Michelle Moura Soares, Eliane Cristina de Andrade Gonçalves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Roberto Jerônimo Dos Santos Silva, Sara Maria Thomazzi
DESIGN: The social, cultural, and economic context can be an important variable in the perception and adoption of risk behaviors in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of simultaneous health risk behaviors and associated socioeconomic factors in adolescents living in the metropolitan region of Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil. METHODS: The sample consisted of 2,207 high school students aged 13-18 years...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798951/histomorphological-description-of-the-digestive-system-of-pebbly-fish-alestes-baremoze-joannis-1835
#18
Nasser Kasozi, Gerald Iwe Degu, Julius Mukalazi, Charles Drago Kato, Majid Kisekka, Akisoferi Owori Wadunde, Godfrey Kityo, Victoria Tibenda Namulawa
Histomorphological studies of the digestive system of Alestes baremoze captured from Lake Albert, Uganda, were done using standard procedures. These revealed that A. baremoze has a fleshy-lipped terminal small mouth, large molar, short oesophagus, a three-lobed liver, pouch-like stomach, a nine-fingered caeca, and a long tubular intestine. A stratified squamous epithelium with numerous mucus-secreting cells lined the lips with no taste buds. Stratified squamous epithelia lined the oesophagus in the anterior portion which turned into a columnar epithelium towards the stomach...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798950/retracted-the-design-and-implementation-of-postprocessing-for-depth-map-on-real-time-extraction-system
#19
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/363287.].
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791315/retracted-generating-personalized-web-search-using-semantic-context
#20
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/462782.].
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
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