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Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293405/birth-of-industry-5-0-making-sense-of-big-data-with-artificial-intelligence-the-internet-of-things-and-next-generation-technology-policy
#1
Vural Özdemir, Nezih Hekim
Driverless cars with artificial intelligence (AI) and automated supermarkets run by collaborative robots (cobots) working without human supervision have sparked off new debates: what will be the impacts of extreme automation, turbocharged by the Internet of Things (IoT), AI, and the Industry 4.0, on Big Data and omics implementation science? The IoT builds on (1) broadband wireless internet connectivity, (2) miniaturized sensors embedded in animate and inanimate objects ranging from the house cat to the milk carton in your smart fridge, and (3) AI and cobots making sense of Big Data collected by sensors...
January 2, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173101/advancing-global-precision-medicine-an-overview-of-genomic-testing-and-counseling-services-in-malaysia
#2
Angeliki Balasopoulou, Foong-Ming Mooy, Darrol J Baker, Christina Mitropoulou, Efthymios Skoufas, Awang Bulgiba, Theodora Katsila, George P Patrinos
Precision medicine, genomic and diagnostic services are no longer limited to developed countries. This broadening in geography of biomarker applications and omics diagnostics also demands empirical study of implementation, diagnostic testing, and counseling practices in the field. For example, the Malaysian population has large ethnic diversity and high prevalence of genetic disorders such as hemoglobinopathies and metabolic disorders. Increased morbidity and mortality from such diseases have a direct impact on society and health system sustainability and for this, decision-making becomes of outmost importance...
November 27, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173085/epigenetics-by-sex-interaction-for-coronary-artery-disease-risk-conferred-by-the-cystathionine-%C3%AE-lyase-gene-promoter-methylation
#3
Efstathia Giannakopoulou, Fotios Konstantinou, Georgia Ragia, Anna Tavridou, Makrina Karaglani, Ekaterini Chatzaki, Andreas Papapetropoulos, Dimitrios Mikroulis, Vangelis G Manolopoulos
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major global health burden whereby gene-by-environment-by-sex interactions play an important role. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery involves patients with well-documented and severe CAD. Hence, the study of CAD in a context of the CABG surgery serves as an advantageous model for disease phenotype ascertainment and genetic association studies. We report here new observations from a case-control genetic association study on promoter methylation of the cystathionine γ-lyase (CTH) gene and its association with CAD...
November 27, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173078/omics-oral-cancer-molecular-landscapes-and-clinical-practice
#4
Wendy D'Souza, Dhananjaya Saranath
Molecular pathogenesis of oral cancers continues to be researched by omics systems science biotechnologies. Oral cancers rank as the 13th most common cancer globally. Notably, the burden of oral cancers from the Asian continent is 56.21%, with 26% of the burden contributed by India. Despite easy accessibility of the oral cavity and hence early detection of oral cancers, majority are diagnosed in advanced stages in the Asian countries. Innovation in oral cancer diagnostics, as well as theranostics for precision medicine, would aid their early diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment, not to mention discovery of novel molecular targets for drug development...
November 27, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161534/omics-and-bioinformatics-time-for-new-data-analysis-approaches
#5
Chenyu Li, Wei Jiang, Yan Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161520/ezh2-histone-methyltransferase-and-jmjd3-histone-demethylase-implications-in-prostate-cancer
#6
Mouhamed Idrissou, Marine Daures, Amani Ben Jemia, Gaëlle Judes, Khaldoun Rifaï, Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Yves-Jean Bignon, Laurent Guy, Dominique Bernard-Gallon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161519/bioinformatics-advances-to-accelerate-omics-innovations-and-applications-in-the-postgenomic-era
#7
Jayshree Advani, Yashwanth Subbannayya, Harsha Gowda, Aditi Chatterjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257733/what-is-trust-ethics-and-risk-governance-in-precision-medicine-and-predictive-analytics
#8
Afua Adjekum, Marcello Ienca, Effy Vayena
Trust is a ubiquitous term used in emerging technology (e.g., Big Data, precision medicine), innovation policy, and governance literatures in particular. But what exactly is trust? Even though trust is considered a critical requirement for the successful deployment of precision medicine initiatives, nonetheless, there is a need for further conceptualization with regard to what qualifies as trust, and what factors might establish and sustain trust in precision medicine, predictive analytics, and large-scale biology...
December 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257732/distinguishing-orchid-species-by-dna-barcoding-increasing-the-resolution-of-population-studies-in-plant-biology
#9
Pritam Chattopadhyay, Goutam Banerjee, Nirmalya Banerjee
Increasing the resolution of population studies in plant biology is one of the leading frontiers for omics sciences. One of the most pervasive challenges in molecular phylogenetics is the incongruence between phylogenies obtained using different data sets such as individual genes [like ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase large chain (rbcL) and maturase K (matK)] and intergenic spacers (IGS) [like nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (nrITS 1) and 2 (nrITS 2), and chloroplast IGS between transfer RNA for leucine and phenylalanine (cp trnL-trnF IGS)]...
December 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257731/metabolomics-of-the-wolfram-syndrome-1-gene-wfs1-deficient-mice
#10
Rando Porosk, Anton Terasmaa, Riina Mahlapuu, Ursel Soomets, Kalle Kilk
Wolfram syndrome 1 is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease characterized by diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness. Mutations in the WFS1 gene encoding the wolframin glycoprotein can lead to endoplasmic reticulum stress and unfolded protein responses in cells, but the pathophysiology at whole organism level is poorly understood. In this study, several organs (heart, liver, kidneys, and pancreas) and bodily fluids (trunk blood and urine) of 2- and 6-month old Wfs1 knockout (KO), heterozygote (HZ), and wild-type (WT) mice were analyzed by untargeted and targeted metabolomics using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
December 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140768/public-health-burden-of-hearing-impairment-and-the-promise-of-genomics-and-environmental-research-a-case-study-in-ghana-africa
#11
Samuel Mawuli Adadey, Gordon Awandare, Goffrey Kwabla Amedofu, Ambroise Wonkam
Hearing impairment (HI) is one of the most disabling conditions of major global health burden that contributes adversely to the social and economic development of a country, if not managed properly. A proper assessment of the nationwide burden and etiology of HI is instrumental in the prevention, treatment, and management of the condition. This article sought to perform an expert review of HI in Ghana to determine the present knowledge of its burden and possible causes of the condition. A literature search was conducted in PubMed using the following keywords: "hearing loss" OR "hearing impairment" OR "deafness" AND "Ghana...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140767/genomic-medicine-without-borders-which-strategies-should-developing-countries-employ-to-invest-in-precision-medicine-a-new-fast-second-winner-strategy
#12
Konstantinos Mitropoulos, David N Cooper, Christina Mitropoulou, Spiros Agathos, Jürgen K V Reichardt, Fatima Al-Maskari, Wasun Chantratita, Ambroise Wonkam, Collet Dandara, Theodora Katsila, Catalina Lopez-Correa, Bassam R Ali, George P Patrinos
Genomic medicine has greatly matured in terms of its technical capabilities, but the diffusion of genomic innovations worldwide faces significant barriers beyond mere access to technology. New global development strategies are sorely needed for biotechnologies such as genomics and their applications toward precision medicine without borders. Moreover, diffusion of genomic medicine globally cannot adhere to a "one-size-fits-all-countries" development strategy, in the same way that drug treatments should be customized...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091011/clinical-proteomics-and-cytokine-profiling-for-dengue-fever-disease-severity-biomarkers
#13
Manali Jadhav, Monalisha Nayak, Swati Kumar, Apoorva Venkatesh, Sandip K Patel, Vipin Kumar, Sarthak Sharma, Biaus Samanta, Satarupa Deb, Avik Karak, Sumit Verma, Arunansu Talukdar, Sanjay K Kochar, Preeti Mansukhani, Mayuri Gandhi, Sanjeeva Srivastava
Dengue fever (DF) is a major global health burden with a pathophysiology that is still incompletely understood. Biomarkers that predict and explain susceptibility to DF and its progression to its more severe hemorrhagic form are much needed. DF is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, with a rapidly increasing incidence of disease severity. We conducted a clinical biomarker discovery study using both a case-control and longitudinal study design. Plasma proteome alterations in patients with DF (n = 12) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF, n = 24) were analyzed in comparison to healthy controls (HCs, n = 16), using the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ)-based quantitative proteomics methodology (false discovery rate of 1%, ≥2 peptides)...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083982/stop-the-spam-conference-ethics-and-decoding-the-subtext-in-post-truth-science-what-would-denis-diderot-say
#14
Vural Özdemir, Collet Dandara, Nezih Hekim, Kean Birch, Simon Springer, Tanja Kunej, Laszlo Endrenyi
Science and its practice always had a subtext, subject to influence by scientists', funders', and other innovation actors' values and assumptions. The recent emergence of post-truth, authoritarian and populist penchants, in both developed and developing countries, has further blurred the already fluid boundaries between material scientific facts and their social construction/shaping by scientific subtext, human values, powers, and hegemony. While there are certain checks, balances, and oversight mechanisms for publication ethics, other pillars of science communication, most notably, scientific conferences and their governance, are ill prepared for post-truth science...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064337/david-bowie-and-the-art-of-slow-innovation-a-fast-second-winner-strategy-for-biotechnology-and-precision-medicine-global-development
#15
Vural Özdemir, George P Patrinos
Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022860/-making-sense-of-genes-by-kostas-kampourakis-cambridge-cambridge-university-press-2017
#16
George P Patrinos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022835/time-for-multiple-extraction-methods-in-proteomics-a-comparison-of-three-protein-extraction-methods-in-the-eustigmatophyte-alga-microchloropsis-gaditana-ccmp526
#17
Anbarasu Karthikaichamy, Pranali Deore, Vineeta Rai, Dieter Bulach, John Beardall, Santosh Noronha, Sanjeeva Srivastava
Proteomics is a crucial postgenomic biotechnology for functional and systems scale analyses in cell and integrative biology, not to mention clinical and precision medicine research. However, a fundamental requirement for an accurate examination of the protein complement of cells is an efficient method for extracting the proteins. This study reports on the evaluation of three protein extraction methods: trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-acetone, phenol, and TRIzol, in the eustigmatophyte alga Microchloropsis gaditana CCMP526 for proteomic analysis...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873018/tip60-histone-acetyltransferase-in-adipose-tissue-possible-linkages-with-breast-cancer-development
#18
Gaëlle Judes, Lucas Dubois, Khaldoun Rifaï, Marine Daures, Mouhamed Idrissou, Yves-Jean Bignon, Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Dominique Bernard-Gallon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049014/transcriptomic-guided-drug-repositioning-supported-by-a-new-bioinformatics-search-tool-genexpharma
#19
Beste Turanli, Gizem Gulfidan, Kazim Yalcin Arga
Drug repositioning is an innovative approach to identify new therapeutic indications for existing drugs. Drug repositioning offers the promise of reducing drug development timeframes and costs, and because it involves drugs that are already in the clinic, it might remedy some of the drug safety challenges traditionally associated with drug candidates that are not yet available in the clinic. The gene-by-drug interactions are an important dimension of optimal drug repositioning and development strategies. While gene-by-drug interactions have been curated and presented in various databases, novel bioinformatics tools and approaches are timely, and required with a specific focus to support drug positioning...
October 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049013/identification-and-validation-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-12-gene-as-a-novel-potential-biomarker-in-esophageal-cancer-using-cancer-genomic-datasets
#20
Ashish Bhushan, Avninder Singh, Sujala Kapur, Bibhuti B Borthakar, Jagannath Sharma, Avdhesh K Rai, Amal C Kataki, Sunita Saxena
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has a complex, multifactorial etiology in which environmental, geographical, and genetic factors play major roles. It is the second most common cancer among men and the fourth most common among women in India, with a particularly high prevalence in Northeast India. In this study, an integrative in silico [DAVID, NCG5.0, Oncomine, Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia, and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)] approach was used to identify the potential biomarkers by using the available three genomic datasets on ESCC from Northeast India followed by its in vitro functional validation...
October 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
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