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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097821/development-of-actinobacterial-resources-for-functional-cosmetics
#1
Ram Hari Dahal, Dong Seop Shim, Jaisoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Actinobacteria usually produce different functional compounds for various applications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to develop actinobacterial resources through the isolation and identification of soil bacteria with antibacterial and enzyme inhibitory activities for cosmetics application. METHODS: Soil bacteria were isolated and tested for antibacterial activity against Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis using the spotting method...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070970/influence-of-sunflower-seed-oil-or-baby-lotion-on-the-skin-barrier-function-of-newborns-a-pilot-study
#2
Varvara Kanti, Malise Günther, Andrea Stroux, Sabine Sawatzky, Wolfgang Henrich, Michael Abou-Dakn, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Natalie Garcia Bartels
BACKGROUND: Skin care influences skin barrier function during the first postnatal weeks. Although the use of natural oils in preterms has been investigated, there are currently no data comparing the effect of sunflower oil to an emollient on barrier development in healthy term newborns. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized clinical study, 50 healthy full-term newborns aged ≤72 h were randomly assigned to two groups: group baby lotion (L, n=22) and sunflower seed oil (SSO, n=24)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987270/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-early-onset-androgenetic-alopecia
#3
Hilal Kaya Erdogan, Isıl Bulur, Evin Kocaturk, Bahadir Yildiz, Zeynep Nurhan Saracoglu, Ozkan Alatas
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common cause of alopecia in men. In the literature, although there are in vitro studies investigating the relationship between oxidative stress and AGA, any in vivo study does not exist. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the oxidative stress status in male patients with early-onset AGA by measuring total oxidant levels (TOS), total antioxidant levels (TAS), and oxidative stress index (OSI). METHODS: Our study included 33 male patients with early-onset AGA and 30 healthy men between ages of 18 and 30 years old...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987257/a-new-tool-to-improve-delivery-of-patient-engaged-care-and-satisfaction-in-facial-treatments-the-aesthetic-global-ranking-scale
#4
Ravi Jain, Peter Huang, Rodrigo M Ferraz
BACKGROUND: Physicians face the challenge of individualizing aesthetic treatments in order to match the aesthetic needs of patients with their expectations. OBJECTIVE: To review issues underlying patient satisfaction with minimally invasive aesthetic treatment and to present a patient-centric assessment tool (the Global Ranking Scale [GRS]) designed to set higher standards for patient consultation and treatment experience; ensure a comprehensive patient-centric aesthetic consultation process; and raise patient satisfaction with facial rejuvenation treatment...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976510/evaluation-of-salicylic-acid-peeling-in-comparison-with-topical-tretinoin-in-the-treatment-of-postinflammatory-hyperpigmentation
#5
Basma Morad Mohamed Ali, Shereen Farouk Gheida, Nageh Ahmed El Mahdy, Shery Nashaat Sadek
BACKGROUND: Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is an acquired hyperpigmentation that involves areas of prior cutaneous inflammation. In addition to prevention, there are a variety of medications and procedures used to treat PIH. AIM OF THE WORK: The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of salicylic acid peeling in comparison with topical tretinoin in the treatment of PIH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included forty-five patients with PIH lesions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910259/safety-efficacy-and-usage-compliance-of-home-use-device-utilizing-rf-and-light-energies-for-treating-periorbital-wrinkles
#6
Michael H Gold, Julie Biron, Liora Levi, Whitney Sensing
BACKGROUND: The aging process is often associated with undesirable effects on facial skin such as skin redundancy, reduction of elasticity, and increased wrinkling. Radiofrequency (RF) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are widely used, clinically proven technologies for skin rejuvenation. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and usage compliance of the home-use device, utilizing RF and LED energies, for self-treatment of periorbital wrinkles and improvement of skin appearance...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900835/treatment-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-with-a-single-session-of-carbon-dioxide-laser-a-study-of-ten-cases-in-the-philippines
#7
Livia Francine Soriano, Miriam Emily Piansay-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) has a detrimental effect on patients' emotional and physical quality of life. Due to local unavailability of gold standard oral treatments for CLM, carbon dioxide laser was attempted. We present a case series where a single session of carbon dioxide laser treatment was associated with cessation of signs and symptoms of CLM. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a single session of carbon dioxide laser in the treatment of CLM...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885783/protective-effects-of-a-novel-nutritional-and-phytonutrient-blend-on-ultraviolet-radiation-induced-skin-damage-and-inflammatory-response-through-aging-defense-mechanisms
#8
Steven M Wood, Angela F Mastaloudis, Shelly N Hester, Russell Gray, Dale Kern, Jin Namkoong, Zoe D Draelos
BACKGROUND: The human body relies on several aging defense mechanisms (ADMs) to limit damage induced from pro-aging stressors (aging aggressors). However, such protective mechanisms can be compromised, leading to accelerated aging. The skin provides a model to probe the effects of an oral nutritional intervention on ADMs in response to ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced damage. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether supplementation with a novel nutritional and phytonutrient blend could protect against UVR-induced skin damage and positively influence facial skin attributes and characteristics by bolstering ADMs...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873449/assessment-of-cubosomal-alpha-lipoic-acid-gel-efficacy-for-the-aging-face-a-single-blinded-placebo-controlled-right-left-comparative-clinical-study
#9
Mohamed El-Komy, Suzan Shalaby, Rehab Hegazy, Rania Abdel Hay, Saly Sherif, Ehab Bendas
BACKGROUND: A poloxamer solution acting as a vehicle for the lipid base particulate system (cubosome dispersions) containing alpha lipoic acid (ALA) has achieved encouraging results in skin aging. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy of 5% Cubosomal ALA as an anti-aging formulation. METHODS: This single-blinded, placebo-controlled, comparative study was conducted on 20 females. Patients were instructed to apply a gel formulation containing the active ingredient over the right half of their face and a placebo gel on the left half twice daily for 6 months...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781390/a-multicenter-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-a-multicomponent-nutritional-supplement-for-treating-photoaged-skin-in-healthy-women
#10
Jay E Birnbaum, David H McDaniel, Janet Hickman, Lisa Dispensa, Anne Le Moigne, Larry Buchner
BACKGROUND: Dietary or supplementary intake of nutrients and other ingredients positively affects skin appearance. AIMS: Evaluate a multicomponent nutritional supplement on photoaged skin. PATIENTS/METHODS: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomized healthy 35- to 65-year-old women with Fitzpatrick skin types I-IV and Glogau classification types II-III to a multicomponent nutritional supplement or placebo for 24 weeks...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074574/editorial-for-december-jcd
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432593/men-at-risk-for-paradoxical-adipose-hyperplasia-after-cryolipolysis
#12
Terrence C Keaney, Lina I Naga
Cryolipolysis, an aesthetic procedure that reduces adipose tissue by exposure to cold temperature, is generally well tolerated with mild side effects including temporary numbness, erythema, and tenderness. However, as cryolipolysis is gaining popularity and more treatments are being performed, reports of rare adverse events including delayed onset pain and paradoxical adipose hyperplasia (PAH) have been described. Recent studies have suggested that PAH can be more common than expected and have a predilection for males, as a disproportionate number of the cases reported in the literature have occurred in men despite the fact that fewer men are likely to be treated with cryolipolysis...
December 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26748836/combined-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-with-microneedling-verses-microneedling-with-distilled-water-in-the-treatment-of-atrophic-acne-scars-a-concurrent-split-face-study
#13
Mohd Asif, Sanjay Kanodia, Kishor Singh
BACKGROUND: Acne scarring causes cosmetic discomfort, depression, low self-esteem and reduced quality of life. Microneedling is an established treatment for scars, although the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has not been explored much. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with microneedling for the treatment of atrophic acne scars. METHODS: Fifty patients of 17-32 years of age with atrophic acne scars were enrolled...
December 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770491/an-efficacy-and-safety-of-nanofractional-radiofrequency-for-the-treatment-of-striae-alba
#14
Napatthaorn Pongsrihadulchai, Thep Chalermchai, Suwirakorn Ophaswongse, Suriya Pongsawat, Montree Udompataikul
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) is a form of dermal scar. A number of treatments have been proposed, but they usually have unsatisfactory result especially in striae alba. Recently, nanofractional RF has been developed. Its mechanism of action is to stimulate dermal remodeling and epidermal re-epithelization. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nanofractional RF in the treatment of striae alba. PATIENTS/METHODS: This is an experimental, assessor-blinded, before-after study...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762489/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-oral-tranexamic-acid-and-topical-hydroquinone-4-treatment-vs-topical-hydroquinone-4-alone-in-melasma-a-parallel-group-assessor-and-analyst-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-short-term-follow
#15
Vahideh Lajevardi, Afsaneh Ghayoumi, Robabeh Abedini, Hamed Hosseini, Azadeh Goodarzi, Zahra Akbari, Kosar Hedayat
BACKGROUND: Melasma's high prevalence and profound psychological impact on patients necessitate efficacious, economical, and safe therapeutic interventions. Adjunctive therapies such as tranexamic acid (TA) can enhance the therapeutic effect of standard treatments like hydroquinone 4% cream (HQ). OBJECTIVE: To conduct an assessor- and analyst-blinded, parallel, superiority, randomized controlled trial to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of oral TA plus HQ vs...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762482/treatment-of-erythematotelangiectatic-rosacea-with-the-fractionation-of-high-fluence-long-pulsed-595-nm-pulsed-dye-laser
#16
Jin Ok Baek, Hoon Hur, Ha Ryeong Ryu, Jeong Soo Kim, Kyung Real Lee, Yu Ri Kim, Kwang Ho Choi
Various lasers have been used for the treatment of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) that does not respond to systemic or topical therapy. The pulsed dye lasers (PDLs) are an effective option for ETR, and the purpuragenic fluence proved to be superior until now. Given that purpura and subsequent possible postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) are occasionally unbearable in some patients, and several studies using the low nonpurpuragenic fluence were reported. To deliver the sufficient high fluence of a PDL without generating purpura, we designed the fractionation of high fluence using five passes and longer pulse duration (6 milliseconds) of a PDL in succession...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726289/a-novel-mutation-of-krt9-gene-in-a-chinese-han-pedigree-with-epidermolytic-palmoplantar-keratoderma
#17
Nan Chen, Jingying Sun, Yali Song, Xinjing Wei, Yan Shi, Li Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mutations of keratin 9 (KRT9) gene is a hot research area of epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (EPPK). AIMS: To identify the genes caused the EPPK of a Chinese family. PATIENTS/METHODS: Three cases of lesions were collected for pathological examination. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of six patients and five healthy individuals and 100 unrelated individuals. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify exons 1 of KRT9 gene...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699964/comparison-of-different-consensuses-of-btxa-in-different-countries
#18
REVIEW
Alisa A Sharova
The most international dosing guidelines on the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) drugs support a 1:1 dose relationship between OnaBTXA and IncoBTXA and 1:2.5 between OnaBTXA and AboBTXA. However, different facial zones demonstrate different doses conversion ratios. The comparative analysis of nine consensuses on the use of Abo-, Ona-, and IncoBTXA in the United States, Russia, and Europe has been performed. We conducted a review of publications adopting the key words "botulinum toxin consensus," "botulinum toxin guideline...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659896/pregnancy-and-the-hair-growth-cycle-anagen-induction-against-hair-growth-disruption-using-nourkrin-%C3%A2-with-marilex-%C3%A2-a-proteoglycan-replacement-therapy
#19
Erling Thom
Postpartum effluvium is a well-known clinical fact. However, following some minor research activities in the 1960s, very little has happened on the research front of the subject. It was hypothesized that postpartum hair loss might be a manifestation of a change in the hair growth cycle occurring normally during pregnancy. Recently, new research has been published trying to explain the mechanism of action behind this frequently occurring hair growth disruption, and to develop a functional treatment schedule and regime...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647769/the-comparison-between-intradermal-injection-of-abobotulinumtoxina-and-normal-saline-for-face-lifting-a-split-face-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Chanida Ungaksornpairote, Arisa Kaewkes, Viboon Rojanavanich, Weeranut Phothong, Woraphong Manuskiatti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) has been approved for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, muscle spasm, cervical dystonia, pain syndrome, glabella wrinkles, and severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis. Intradermal injection of BTA has been used off-label by many clinicians for the purpose of face-lifting effect. Few studies on onabotulinumtoxinA (ONA) demonstrated no clinical efficacy on face-lifting effect when comparing to normal saline solution (NSS). So far, there is no split-face comparison study on face-lifting effect of abobotulinumtoxinA (ABO)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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