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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910259/safety-efficacy-and-usage-compliance-of-home-use-device-utilizing-rf-and-light-energies-for-treating-periorbital-wrinkles
#1
Michael H Gold, Julie Biron, Liora Levi, Whitney Sensing
BACKGROUND: The aging process is often associated with undesirable effects on facial skin such as skin redundancy, reduction of elasticity, and increased wrinkling. Radiofrequency (RF) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are widely used, clinically proven technologies for skin rejuvenation. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and usage compliance of the home-use device, utilizing RF and LED energies, for self-treatment of periorbital wrinkles and improvement of skin appearance...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900835/treatment-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-with-a-single-session-of-carbon-dioxide-laser-a-study-of-ten-cases-in-the-philippines
#2
Livia Francine Soriano, Miriam Emily Piansay-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) has a detrimental effect on patients' emotional and physical quality of life. Due to local unavailability of gold standard oral treatments for CLM, carbon dioxide laser was attempted. We present a case series where a single session of carbon dioxide laser treatment was associated with cessation of signs and symptoms of CLM. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a single session of carbon dioxide laser in the treatment of CLM...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885783/protective-effects-of-a-novel-nutritional-and-phytonutrient-blend-on-ultraviolet-radiation-induced-skin-damage-and-inflammatory-response-through-aging-defense-mechanisms
#3
Steven M Wood, Angela F Mastaloudis, Shelly N Hester, Russell Gray, Dale Kern, Jin Namkoong, Zoe D Draelos
BACKGROUND: The human body relies on several aging defense mechanisms (ADMs) to limit damage induced from pro-aging stressors (aging aggressors). However, such protective mechanisms can be compromised, leading to accelerated aging. The skin provides a model to probe the effects of an oral nutritional intervention on ADMs in response to ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced damage. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether supplementation with a novel nutritional and phytonutrient blend could protect against UVR-induced skin damage and positively influence facial skin attributes and characteristics by bolstering ADMs...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873449/assessment-of-cubosomal-alpha-lipoic-acid-gel-efficacy-for-the-aging-face-a-single-blinded-placebo-controlled-right-left-comparative-clinical-study
#4
Mohamed El-Komy, Suzan Shalaby, Rehab Hegazy, Rania Abdel Hay, Saly Sherif, Ehab Bendas
BACKGROUND: A poloxamer solution acting as a vehicle for the lipid base particulate system (cubosome dispersions) containing alpha lipoic acid (ALA) has achieved encouraging results in skin aging. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy of 5% Cubosomal ALA as an anti-aging formulation. METHODS: This single-blinded, placebo-controlled, comparative study was conducted on 20 females. Patients were instructed to apply a gel formulation containing the active ingredient over the right half of their face and a placebo gel on the left half twice daily for 6 months...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781390/a-multicenter-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-a-multicomponent-nutritional-supplement-for-treating-photoaged-skin-in-healthy-women
#5
Jay E Birnbaum, David H McDaniel, Janet Hickman, Lisa Dispensa, Anne Le Moigne, Larry Buchner
BACKGROUND: Dietary or supplementary intake of nutrients and other ingredients positively affects skin appearance. AIMS: Evaluate a multicomponent nutritional supplement on photoaged skin. PATIENTS/METHODS: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomized healthy 35- to 65-year-old women with Fitzpatrick skin types I-IV and Glogau classification types II-III to a multicomponent nutritional supplement or placebo for 24 weeks...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770491/an-efficacy-and-safety-of-nanofractional-radiofrequency-for-the-treatment-of-striae-alba
#6
Napatthaorn Pongsrihadulchai, Thep Chalermchai, Suwirakorn Ophaswongse, Suriya Pongsawat, Montree Udompataikul
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) is a form of dermal scar. A number of treatments have been proposed, but they usually have unsatisfactory result especially in striae alba. Recently, nanofractional RF has been developed. Its mechanism of action is to stimulate dermal remodeling and epidermal re-epithelization. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nanofractional RF in the treatment of striae alba. PATIENTS/METHODS: This is an experimental, assessor-blinded, before-after study...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762489/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-oral-tranexamic-acid-and-topical-hydroquinone-4-treatment-vs-topical-hydroquinone-4-alone-in-melasma-a-parallel-group-assessor-and-analyst-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-short-term-follow
#7
Vahideh Lajevardi, Afsaneh Ghayoumi, Robabeh Abedini, Hamed Hosseini, Azadeh Goodarzi, Zahra Akbari, Kosar Hedayat
BACKGROUND: Melasma's high prevalence and profound psychological impact on patients necessitate efficacious, economical, and safe therapeutic interventions. Adjunctive therapies such as tranexamic acid (TA) can enhance the therapeutic effect of standard treatments like hydroquinone 4% cream (HQ). OBJECTIVE: To conduct an assessor- and analyst-blinded, parallel, superiority, randomized controlled trial to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of oral TA plus HQ vs...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762482/treatment-of-erythematotelangiectatic-rosacea-with-the-fractionation-of-high-fluence-long-pulsed-595-nm-pulsed-dye-laser
#8
Jin Ok Baek, Hoon Hur, Ha Ryeong Ryu, Jeong Soo Kim, Kyung Real Lee, Yu Ri Kim, Kwang Ho Choi
Various lasers have been used for the treatment of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) that does not respond to systemic or topical therapy. The pulsed dye lasers (PDLs) are an effective option for ETR, and the purpuragenic fluence proved to be superior until now. Given that purpura and subsequent possible postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) are occasionally unbearable in some patients, and several studies using the low nonpurpuragenic fluence were reported. To deliver the sufficient high fluence of a PDL without generating purpura, we designed the fractionation of high fluence using five passes and longer pulse duration (6 milliseconds) of a PDL in succession...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726289/a-novel-mutation-of-krt9-gene-in-a-chinese-han-pedigree-with-epidermolytic-palmoplantar-keratoderma
#9
Nan Chen, Jingying Sun, Yali Song, Xinjing Wei, Yan Shi, Li Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mutations of keratin 9 (KRT9) gene is a hot research area of epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (EPPK). AIMS: To identify the genes caused the EPPK of a Chinese family. PATIENTS/METHODS: Three cases of lesions were collected for pathological examination. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of six patients and five healthy individuals and 100 unrelated individuals. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify exons 1 of KRT9 gene...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699964/comparison-of-different-consensuses-of-btxa-in-different-countries
#10
Alisa A Sharova
The most international dosing guidelines on the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) drugs support a 1:1 dose relationship between OnaBTXA and IncoBTXA and 1:2.5 between OnaBTXA and AboBTXA. However, different facial zones demonstrate different doses conversion ratios. The comparative analysis of nine consensuses on the use of Abo-, Ona-, and IncoBTXA in the United States, Russia, and Europe has been performed. We conducted a review of publications adopting the key words "botulinum toxin consensus," "botulinum toxin guideline...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659896/pregnancy-and-the-hair-growth-cycle-anagen-induction-against-hair-growth-disruption-using-nourkrin-%C3%A2-with-marilex-%C3%A2-a-proteoglycan-replacement-therapy
#11
Erling Thom
Postpartum effluvium is a well-known clinical fact. However, following some minor research activities in the 1960s, very little has happened on the research front of the subject. It was hypothesized that postpartum hair loss might be a manifestation of a change in the hair growth cycle occurring normally during pregnancy. Recently, new research has been published trying to explain the mechanism of action behind this frequently occurring hair growth disruption, and to develop a functional treatment schedule and regime...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647769/the-comparison-between-intradermal-injection-of-abobotulinumtoxina-and-normal-saline-for-face-lifting-a-split-face-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Chanida Ungaksornpairote, Arisa Kaewkes, Viboon Rojanavanich, Weeranut Phothong, Woraphong Manuskiatti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) has been approved for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, muscle spasm, cervical dystonia, pain syndrome, glabella wrinkles, and severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis. Intradermal injection of BTA has been used off-label by many clinicians for the purpose of face-lifting effect. Few studies on onabotulinumtoxinA (ONA) demonstrated no clinical efficacy on face-lifting effect when comparing to normal saline solution (NSS). So far, there is no split-face comparison study on face-lifting effect of abobotulinumtoxinA (ABO)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637174/a-case-of-dysphagia-following-botulinum-toxin-injection-for-neck-rejuvenation
#13
Weeranut Phothong, Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Phawin Keskool, Woraphong Manuskiatti
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is now extensively employed for cosmetic concerns. Upper face rejuvenation, including glabella frown lines and crow's feet lines, received FDA approval for cosmetic uses. However, other off-label uses for lower face conditions have been employed for texture and contouring purposes, including masseter hypertrophy and vertical banding of the neck. BTX-A for rejuvenation of the aging neck is an effective and popular treatment with high patient satisfaction rates. Alleviating the aging appearance of the neck by BTX-A is the result of denervation of hyperkinetic platysma...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633651/the-effects-of-a-multigrowth-factor-containing-cream-on-recovery-after-laser-treatment-a-double-blinded-randomized-split-face-controlled-study
#14
Sungsik Shin, Jung U Shin, Youngin Lee, Tae Gwang Kwon, Ju Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive laser treatments may experience transient erythema, edema, and crusts for several days. Although a variety of growth factor-containing creams for promoting recovery after laser treatment are available, evidence for their efficacy remains insufficient. AIMS: We performed a randomized controlled split-face study to assess the effects of a multigrowth factor (MGF)-containing cream on patients recovering from laser treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients underwent treatment using an ablative fractional laser and were randomized with respect to the side of the face treated with an MGF-containing cream or control cream...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616192/a-randomized-clinical-trial-on-the-comparison-between-hair-shaving-and-snipping-prior-to-laser-hair-removal-sessions-in-women-suffering-from-hirsutism
#15
Robabeh Alijanpour, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hirsutism or excess hair growth is a common dermatological problem in females, affecting up to 10% of females worldwide. We aimed this study to compare the two hair-shortening methods shaving vs. snipping among hirsute women regarding the outcome of the therapy and also the paradoxical hypertrichosis phenomenon (terminal hair regrowth) 6 months after the final therapy session. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 129 premenopausal women affected by hirsutism were randomly divided into two study groups according to hair-shortening method: shaving as group A (66 patients) and hair shortening by scissor as group B (63 patients)...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616042/comparison-of-skin-properties-in-individuals-living-in-cities-at-two-different-altitudes-an-investigation-of-the-environmental-effect-on-skin
#16
Myeongryeol Lee, Yuchul Jung, Eunjoo Kim, Hae Kwang Lee
BACKGROUND: Skin properties vary depending on exogenous factors. Various studies have been used for comparing skin properties between cities for studying environment influence on skin properties. However, for comparison of skin properties between cities, various environmental factors have to be considered. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study therefore was to compare skin properties in individuals of the same ethnicity and sex (Indonesian women) between different altitudes and to interpret the environmental effect on skin...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605330/serum-collagenase-2-and-bmi-levels-in-pregnant-women-with-striae-gravidarum
#17
Perihan Ozturk, Hakan Kıran, Ergul Belge Kurutas, Kamil Mulayim, Fazıl Avcı
OBJECTIVE: Striae gravidarum is a form of scarring on the skin observed during pregnancy and can cause serious cosmetic problems. Striae gravidarum may be influenced by hormonal changes, although the etiology is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether body mass index (BMI) and serum collagenase-2 levels in pregnant women are related to the development of striae gravidarum. METHODS: Thirty pregnant women with striae, 30 pregnant women without striae, and 32 health controls were enrolled in the study...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596260/hair-removal-related-injuries-in-the-united-states-1991-2014
#18
Thomas A Swain, Albert Scott Tully, Travis Redford, Gerald McGwin
BACKGROUND: Hair removal practices have changed in frequency and location on the body. Previous research on hair removal injuries has focused on a specific body region, age, or gender. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to take a broader perspective of hair removal-associated injuries in the United States which sought treatment at emergency departments. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from 1991 to 2014 were used to identify hair removal-related injuries...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596093/chemical-characterization-of-sunscreens-composition-and-its-related-potential-adverse-health-effects
#19
Karim N Jallad
Although the sun is very beneficial and essential for life, exposing ourselves too much to sunlight might lead to detrimental health effects such as skin cancer. Eight percent of the total different electromagnetic radiation that regularly irradiates the earth is classified as ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The ozone layer absorbs the most energetic UV rays; consequently, UV-A and UV-B reach the earth surface. UV-A rays heavily contribute to both premature skin aging and skin cancer, while UV-B rays cause sunburn...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595988/periocular-discoloration-after-using-a-prostaglandin-analog-for-eyelash-enhancement-evaluation-with-reflectance-confocal-microscopy
#20
Orsolya N Horváth, Valerie Letulé, Thomas Ruzicka, Thomas Herzinger, Ilana Goldscheider, Tanja von Braunmühl
A 32-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our outpatient department with periocular discoloration. She applied a serum with the active ingredient isopropyl cloprostenate for enhancing the growth of the eyelashes. The discoloration appeared for the first time when the patient had used the serum and gradually remitted after the discontinuation of use. Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed small white spots in the perifollicular dermis and in the surrounding dilated vessels, which was reported earlier as a side effect of prostaglandin analogs...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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