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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727235/thermal-imaging-and-dermoscopy-for-detecting-inflammation-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#1
Anna Lis-Święty, Bartosz Miziołek, Irmina Ranosz-Janicka, Grażyna Bierzyńska-Macyszyn, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is an inflammatory condition of the scalp, which leads to scarring and slowly progressive recession of frontotemporal and/or frontoparietal hairline. Choice of FFA treatment is highly dependent on accurate assessment of disease phase, as medical treatments are effective only during the initial inflammatory stage. METHODS: To objectively quantify the activity of the inflammatory process in FFA, 22 female patients were examined by both infrared thermography and optical dermoscopy before tissue sampling...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726351/correction-of-horizontal-neck-lines-our-preliminary-experience-with-hyaluronic-acid-fillers
#2
Soo-Keun Lee, Hei Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend shifting the esthetic focus downward from the face with a significant number of new treatments aimed at the aging neck. Hyaluronic acid (HA) filler injection is widely performed into the horizontal neck lines in Korea, but there are few reports assessing its effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HA filler injection in the treatment of horizontal neck lines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on cases of horizontal neck lines treated with HA fillers...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722334/potential-emerging-treatment-in-vitiligo-using-er-yag-in-combination-with-5fu-and-clobetasol
#3
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Anis Bostakian, Zabihollah Shahmoradi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Fariba Iraji, Gita Faghihi, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Behzad Bafandeh
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder of skin affecting at least 1% of the world population of all races in both sexes. Its importance is mainly due to subsequent social and psychological problems rather than clinical complications. Various treatment choices are available for vitiligo; however, laser-based courses have shown to give more acceptable results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy of Er:YAG laser as a supplementary medicine to topical 5FU and clobetasol in vitiligo patients...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722258/in-vitro-evaluation-of-chitosan-coated-liposome-containing-both-coenzyme-q10-and-alpha-lipoic-acid-cytotoxicity-antioxidant-activity-and-antimicrobial-activity
#4
Guodong Zhao, Caibiao Hu, Ying Xue
BACKGROUND: Chitosan-coated liposome containing both coenzyme Q10 and alpha-lipoic acid (CCAL) was a novel multifunctional nano delivery system exhibited long-term stability at room temperature and high encapsulation efficiency. Which containing two kinds of antioxidants (coenzyme Q10 and alpha-lipoic acid) and two antibacterial agents (chitosan and alpha-lipoic acid). However, the further biocompatibility, such as cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial activity of CCAL, has not been systematically evaluated...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718201/granulomatous-reaction-to-hyaluronic-acid-filler-material-in-oral-and-perioral-region-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Carlos Eduardo P Alcântara, Mariana S Noronha, Joanna F Cunha, Isadora L Flores, Ricardo A Mesquita
The use of cosmetic fillers agents in orofacial region has become more often used for esthetic concern. Although adverse effects are rare, some patients may develop foreign body reaction to such fillers. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a biomaterial in the spotlight, because it is normally present in several tissues of human body. The aim of this study was to report a case of a 54-year-old white woman with granulomatous reaction to the HA located in the lips. In addition, a review of the English-language literature of all previously described cases of this condition in oral and perioral region was performed...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681570/the-effect-of-cutaneous-prostaglandin-application-on-nail-growth-nail-brittleness-and-intraocular-pressure
#6
David J Palmer, Andrew Scheman, Angelo P Tanna, Alex Bueno
BACKGROUND: Bimatoprost has known adnexal activity and was observed to increase nail growth at two clinical centers. OBJECTIVES: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study, we examine the effect of bimatoprost (Lumigan 0.01%), applied bid to the proximal nail fold on nail growth, nail brittleness, and intraocular pressure. METHODS: Bimatoprost drops were placed on the proximal nail folds of 45 subjects on one hand (medication group) and vehicle drops to the other hand (control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675618/restoring-jawline-contour-with-calcium-hydroxylapatite-a%C3%A2-prospective-observational-study
#7
Martine Baspeyras, Jean-Marie Dallara, Hugues Cartier, Marie-Hélène Charavel, Laurent Dumas
BACKGROUND: Jawline reshaping by replacing volume has become an indispensable component of modern facial rejuvenation. AIM: To evaluate calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) for the treatment of an aging jawline in a routine setting. METHODS: Five investigators enrolled 35 subjects requesting jawline rejuvenation with CaHA. Injections were performed according to investigators usual practice. Baseline and post-treatment scores were evaluated using Merz Aesthetics Scales®...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670794/brassica-rapa-hairy-root-extracts-promote-skin-depigmentation-by-modulating-melanin-production-and-distribution
#8
Luigi Michele Sena, Claudia Zappelli, Fabio Apone, Ani Barbulova, Annalisa Tito, Antonella Leone, Teresa Oliviero, Rosalia Ferracane, Vincenzo Fogliano, Gabriella Colucci
BACKGROUND: Skin whitening products, used for ages by Asian people for cultural and esthetic purposes, are very popular nowadays in Western countries as well, where the need to inhibit skin spots after sun exposure has become not only a cosmetic but also a health-related issue. Thus, the development of effective and safe depigmenting agents derived from natural products gets continuous attention by cosmetic brands and consumers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of two preparations, obtained from the hairy root cultures of the species Brassica rapa, on melanogenesis and the expression of the extracellular matrix proteins involved in a correct pigment distribution...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639749/evaluation-of-the-in%C3%A2-vivo-cosmetic-efficacy-of-the-mfiii-blue-cell-serum-gel-one-and-two-month-test-results
#9
Dina Tukhvatullina, Alain Béguin, Henry Pong, Maria Del Mar Cabarbas, Dmitry Klokol, Mike Ks Chan, Michelle B F Wong
INTRODUCTION: Skin is changing over time showing signs of aging: dryness, increase in visual and tactile roughness, decrease in collagen content and stiffness, and eventually formation of deep and surface wrinkles, and fine lines. METHODS: Eight-week open experimental study was conducted to test efficacy of MFIII Blue Cell Serum Gel. Main criteria to determine product efficacy by following skin biophysical techniques were as follows: skin moisturization, firmness, epidermal and dermal density, skin surface properties and sebum level, reduction in fine lines and wrinkles...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631890/oxidative-stress-and-psychiatric-morbidity-in-patients-with-facial-acne
#10
Sara M Awad, Hanan Morsy, Ayat A Sayed, Nahed A Mohamed, Ghada M Ezzat, Mostafa M Noaman
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common cosmetic problem that is frequently associated with psychosocial disturbances as well as increased oxidative stress. However, oxidative stress and psychological aspects have been studied separately in acne. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between oxidative stress, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in acne patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with facial acne and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were included in the study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594082/acneiform-eruptions-caused-by-vitamin-b12-a-report-of-five-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Stefano Veraldi, Susanna Benardon, Marco Diani, Mauro Barbareschi
We describe five cases of acneiform eruption caused by vitamin B12 in five females aged 37, 32, 62, 29, and 21 years, respectively. The eruption appeared from 1 week to 5 months after the beginning of the therapy with i.m. or oral vitamin B12. Clinical picture was characterized by papules and pustules located on the face. In three patients, similar lesions were also present on the neck, shoulders, chest, and upper portion of the back. Comedones and cysts were absent. In two patients, serum vitamin B12 levels were very high...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593645/ultraviolet-a-photosensitivity-profile-of-dexchlorpheniramine-maleate-and-promethazine-based-creams-anti-inflammatory-antihistaminic-and-skin-barrier-protection-properties
#12
Gustavo Facchini, Samara Eberlin, Stefano Piatto Clerici, Ana Lucia Tabarini Alves Pinheiro, Adilson Costa
BACKGROUND: Unwanted side effects such as dryness, hypersensitivity, and cutaneous photosensitivity are challenge for adherence and therapeutical success for patients using treatments for inflammatory and allergic skin response. AIMS: In this study, we compared the effects of two dermatological formulations, which are used in inflammatory and/or allergic skin conditions: dexchlorpheniramine maleate (DCP; 10 mg/g) and promethazine (PTZ; 20 mg/g). METHODS: We evaluated both formulations for phototoxicity potential, skin irritation, anti-inflammatory and antihistaminic abilities, and skin barrier repair in vitro and ex vivo using the standard OECD test guideline n° 432, the ECVAM protocol n° 78, and cultured skin explants from a healthy patient...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589618/comparison-of-different-regimens-of-pimecrolimus-1-cream-in-the-treatment-of-facial-seborrheic-dermatitis
#13
Juemin Zhao, Wenjia Sun, Chengfeng Zhang, Jiaqiang Wu, Yan Le, Chunyun Huang, Ye Liu, Leihong Xiang
BACKGROUND: Pimecrolimus 1% cream has already been proved to be an effective and safe alternative to treat seborrheic dermatitis. However, the treatment periods were inconstant in previous studies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of pimecrolimus 1% cream with different regimens for the treatment of facial seborrheic dermatitis. METHOD: Thirty patients with facial seborrheic dermatitis were enrolled and randomly distributed to three groups...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574197/cross-sectional-study-of-the-microbiological-safety-profile-of-reusing-hyaluronic-acid-fillers
#14
Rubens Pontello, Rogério Nabor Kondo, Priscila Daiane Pavezzi, Theo Nicolacopulos, Julia Pagung Kippert, Clarissa Lena
INTRODUCTION: Facial filling with hyaluronic acid (HA) is a dermatological procedure that has been emerging today. There are not many references regarding safety of reusing the remaining product for later touch-up in the same patient. OBJECTIVE: To determine the microbiological safety of reusing hyaluronic acid that is remnant from syringes used for facial filling, stored at room temperature or cooled in a refrigerator at 4°C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In culture medium, small aliquots of leftovers from 31 hyaluronic acid fillers, previously used for facial filling, were inoculated...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574158/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-microneedle-patch-for-skin-brightening-a-randomized-split-face-single-blind-study
#15
Kui Young Park, Hyun Jung Kwon, Changjin Lee, Daegun Kim, Jun Jin Yoon, Myeong Nam Kim, Beom Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Although microneedles are one of the best transdermal drug delivery systems for active compounds, few clinical trials have examined the safety and efficacy of brightening microneedle patches. AIMS: To determine the efficacy and safety of a newly developed whitening microneedle patch. PATIENTS/METHODS: A split-face study was designed for efficacy assessment with 34 Korean women applying the tested product (a whitening microneedle patch) on one cheek and a control whitening essence on the other...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568892/patch-testing-in-patients-with-suspected-cosmetic-dermatitis-a-retrospective-study
#16
Taru Garg, Soumya Agarwal, Ram Chander, Aashim Singh, Pravesh Yadav
BACKGROUND: Growing use of cosmetics has led to an increase in the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) to cosmetics. Patch testing helps to confirm allergy to cosmetics and pinpoint the exact offending allergens. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to find the frequency of positive patch test reactions in cases with suspected ACD to cosmetics, and the common allergens responsible for it. METHODS: This is a retrospective record-based study of 58 patients, with suspected ACD to cosmetics, who had undergone patch testing with Indian standard series and Indian cosmetic and fragrance series from January 2013 to December 2015...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556423/a-rare-complication-of-topical-atropine-for-treatment-of-eccrine-hidrocystoma-pharmacological-fixed-dilated-pupils
#17
Alireza Zandi, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Mohsen Pourazizi
Multiple eccrine hidrocystoma (EH) has been treated with topical atropine with variable results. However, in rare cases, anticholinergic side effects have been seen after the use of the topical form of this drug. We presented a 50-year-old woman who developed recent onset of visual disturbance and photophobia from 2 weeks prior. The diagnosis of topical atropine-induced bilateral mydriasis was made. We reported a recognized but often overlooked case of bilateral mydriasis caused by application of topical 1% atropine for treatment of multiple EH...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556393/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-a-monopolar-nonablative-radiofrequency-device-for-the-improvement-of-vulvo-vaginal-laxity-and-urinary-incontinence
#18
Shelena Lalji, Paula Lozanova
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vaginal childbirth, natural process of aging, congenital factors, and surgical interventions are considered the main causes of vulvo-vaginal laxity driven by changes in collagen and elastin fibers. This causes a loss of strength and flexibility within the vaginal wall. As a result, women may experience lack of sensation and stress urinary incontinence (SUI)-the condition of involuntary loss of urine associated with activities that cause an increase in intra-abdominal pressure (eg, sneezing, coughing, and lifting)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556292/a-review-of-the-role-of-sebum-in-the-mechanism-of-acne-pathogenesis
#19
REVIEW
Xinchao Li, Congfen He, Zhou Chen, Cheng Zhou, Yao Gan, Yan Jia
Acne is one of the most common skin disorders, and its occurrence is closely related to many factors, including sebum secretion, hormone levels, bacterial infection, and inflammatory reactions. Among these, changes in sebum secretion are believed to be one important factor of acne. Increased sebum secretion can induce acne occurrence, and increasing evidence indicates sebum component changes are also strongly related to acne occurrence. Recently, developments in lipidomics have provided effective lipid analysis methods...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544730/human-skin-gene-expression-doesn-t-correlate-with-protein-expression-unless-both-parameters-are-quantified
#20
Edwin D Lephart
Many cosmetic companies utilize in vitro gene array studies to display significant stimulation or inhibition of various human skin biomarkers to validate in vivo actions that are reported to enhance dermal health. This follows the central dogma of DNA-to-RNA results in protein expression; however, gene and protein expressions do not usually correlate. Unless both gene and protein expressions are quantified which require further investigational time and investment. Where data are available, this short commentary displays the in vitro comparison of four human skin biomarkers for the gene and protein expressions of the stimulation of collagen type I and elastin and the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 3, when equol was tested...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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