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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544730/human-skin-gene-expression-doesn-t-correlate-with-protein-expression-unless-both-parameters-are-quantified
#1
Edwin D Lephart
Many cosmetic companies utilize in vitro gene array studies to display significant stimulation or inhibition of various human skin biomarkers to validate in vivo actions that are reported to enhance dermal health. This follows the central dogma of DNA-to-RNA results in protein expression; however, gene and protein expressions do not usually correlate. Unless both gene and protein expressions are quantified which require further investigational time and investment. Where data are available, this short commentary displays the in vitro comparison of four human skin biomarkers for the gene and protein expressions of the stimulation of collagen type I and elastin and the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 3, when equol was tested...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512843/assessment-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-complex-skin-cream-in-asian-women-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Yu Seok Jung, Ji Hae Lee, Jung Min Bae, Dong Won Lee, Gyong Moon Kim
BACKGROUND: Medical products such as hydroquinone and tretinoin have been widely used to treat various types of skin hyperpigmentation. However, these products are limited in daily use given their adverse effects. Other alternative agents with fewer adverse side effects have been developed. However, single agents often do not produce satisfactory results. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new brightening complex cream containing niacinamide, tranexamic acid, oxyresveratrol, glutathione disulfide, and linoleic acid...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509378/evaluation-of-the-skin-phototoxicity-and-photosensitivity-of-honeybee-venom
#3
Sang Mi Han, In Phyo Hong, Soon Ok Woo, Se Gun Kim, He Rye Jang, Kwan Kyu Park
OBJECTIVE: Bee (Apis mellifera L.) venom (BV) has been used as a cosmetic ingredient owing to its anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. The aim of this study was to assess the skin safety of BV. METHODS: For this purpose, skin phototoxicity and sensitization tests were conducted in healthy male Hartley guinea pigs. The animals were divided into three groups (n=5) for the phototoxicity test: G1 (negative control), G2 (BV gel treatment), and G3 (positive control)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504480/therapeutic-effect-of-microneedling-and-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-treatment-of-atrophic-scars-a-randomized-study
#4
Zeinab A Ibrahim, Amal A El-Ashmawy, Ola A Shora
BACKGROUND: New treatments and techniques were being added over the last few years to treat atrophic scars with variable results and adverse effects. AIM OF THE WORK: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the therapeutic efficacy and safety of microneedling, autologous platelet-rich plasma, and combination of both procedures in the treatment of atrophic scars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 90 patients with atrophic scars and were classified randomly into three groups: I: 28 patients treated with microneedling, one session every 4 weeks; II: 34 patients treated with intradermal injection of platelet-rich plasma, one session every 2 weeks; and III: 28 patients treated with alternative sessions of each microneedling and platelet-rich plasma, 2 weeks between each session, for a maximum of six sessions...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504468/incubatory-environment-of-the-scalp-impacts-pre-emergent-hair-to-affect-post-emergent-hair-cuticle-integrity
#5
James R Schwartz, James P Henry, Kathy M Kerr, Michael J Flagler, Steve H Page, Nancy Redman-Furey
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the oxidative stress transmitted to newly grown hair from an unhealthy scalp has physical consequences to the cuticular condition and function. METHODS: A uniquely designed 24-week clinical study included 8 weeks of pretreatment with a cosmetic shampoo and 16 weeks of treatment with either a potentiated zinc pyrithione (ZPT) antidandruff shampoo or a placebo cosmetic shampoo. This clinical design allowed the growth and acquisition of hair samples under conditions of varying but known scalp health as a result of treating a dandruff/seborrheic dermatitis (D/SD) population...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503741/the-effect-of-autologous-activated-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-on-female-pattern-hair-loss-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Abeer Attia Tawfik, Mai Abdel Raouf Osman
BACKGROUND: Hair is an essential part of a woman's appearance and attractiveness. This is reflected in the predominantly psychological morbidity that can be associated with female pattern hair loss. Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) has been used in numerous fields of medicine. Recently, PRP has received growing attention as a potential therapeutic tool for hair loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of autologous platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of female pattern hair loss...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488347/the-efficacy-of-a-lip-balm-containing-pseudo-ceramide-on-the-dry-lips-of-sensitive-skin-conscious-subjects
#7
Keiichi Isoda, Tadashi Nakamura, Kensuke Yoshida, Eiko Tamura, Nami Atsuta, Koichi Ishida, Yutaka Takagi, Hitoshi Mizutani
BACKGROUND: Many people use lip care products daily to prevent dry lips. However, some people, especially those with sensitive skin-consciousness, complain of various skin problems on their lips including contact dermatitis caused by lip care products. Dry lips have decreased water holding capacity and cutaneous barrier function as well as reduced stratum corneum ceramide levels. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of a newly formulated lip balm containing pseudo-ceramide for the dry lips of subjects with sensitive skin...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447433/serum-vitamin-d-level-is-related-to-disease-severity-in-pediatric-alopecia-areata
#8
Mehmet Unal, Gulsum Gonulalan
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is the most common cause of inflammatory hair loss. AA is considered an autoimmune disease and occurs with various autoimmune disorders. Recent studies have revealed connection between autoimmune diseases and vitamin D deficiency. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated vitamin D status in AA and its relationship with disease severity, number of patches, and disease duration. METHODS: This study included 20 pediatric patients with AA and 34 pediatric healthy controls...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432727/efficacy-of-fractionated-microneedle-radiofrequency-with-and-without-adding-subcision-for-the-treatment-of-atrophic-facial-acne-scars-a-randomized-split-face-clinical-study
#9
Gita Faghihi, Nazila Poostiyan, Ali Asilian, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Masoom Shahbazi, Fariba Iraji, Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
BACKGROUND: There is no gold standard treatment for facial acne scars, and overall, little literature exists about the combination therapy for treatment of acne scar. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fractionated microneedle radiofrequency (FMR) vs FMR combined with subcision for the treatment of atrophic acne scars. PATIENTS/METHODS: This was a randomized, split-face clinical study of 25 patients with II-IV Fitzpatrick skin types with moderate to severe facial atrophic acne scars...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432719/effect-of-ficus-carica-leaf-extract-on-the-gene-expression-of-selected-factors-in-hacat-cells
#10
Murat Turkoglu, Erkin Pekmezci, Songul Kilic, Cihat Dundar, Hakan Sevinc
BACKGROUND: Ficus carica Linn. (Fc), common fig, has been traditionally used for many metabolic, cardiovasculary, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and skin disorders. Several studies were performed showing its anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anticancerogenic, and tissue-protective effects. In all of those studies, the positive effects of Fc were concluded as the result of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory features due to the polyphenols it contains. AIMS: To study the phenolic compounds of Fc extract and to investigate the molecular basis of anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, antimitotic, and anti-androgenic effects of Fc leaf extract in vitro...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429841/the-development-evidence-and-current-use-of-atx-101-for-the-treatment-of-submental-fat
#11
REVIEW
Corey Georgesen, Shari R Lipner
ATX-101 (deoxycholic acid) is the first pharmaceutical therapy approved by the FDA for the reduction in submental fat. Deoxycholic acid is an endogenous secondary bile acid that normally solubilizes dietary fat, contributing to its breakdown and absorption within the gut. This article reviews the identification of deoxycholic acid as a lipolytic agent, and the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of ATX-101. In addition to phase I/II trials, four Phase III clinical trials have evaluated safety and efficacy of ATX-101...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421656/oral-intake-of-boesenbergia-pandurata-extract-improves-skin-hydration-gloss-and-wrinkling-a-randomized-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-study
#12
Do Un Kim, Hee Chul Chung, Changhee Kim, Jae-Kwan Hwang
BACKGROUND: Photoaging is a severe skin damage that occurs as a result of exposure to external elements, primarily ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Chronically, UV-irradiated skin exhibits the signs of sunburn and hyperpigmentation with the destruction of connective tissues. Previously, Boesenbergia pandurata (B. pandurata) and its active compound panduratin A showed antiphotoaging activities in vitro and in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of B...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382785/autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-versus-readymade-growth-factors-in-skin-rejuvenation-a-split-face-study
#13
Heba I Gawdat, Amira M Tawdy, Rehab A Hegazy, Mohga M Zakaria, Ryham S Allam
BACKGROUND: The escalating urge for a youthful-looking skin instigates continuous innovations with minimally invasive procedures. Readymade growth factors and autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represent such therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: Compare the efficacy and safety of PRP to readymade growth factors in skin rejuvenation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty adult females with Fitzpatrick skin types III-IV and Glogau photoaging types II and III were enrolled in this study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382655/effectiveness-of-topical-clove-oil-on-symptomatic-treatment-of-chronic-pruritus
#14
Ibrahim M Ibrahim, Mohamed L Elsaie, Abdelraouf M Almohsen, Mahmoud H Mohey-Eddin
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a frequent symptom in the general population and in many skin and systemic diseases. Its frequency demonstrates a high burden and an impaired quality of life. AIM: Assessment of the efficacy of topically applied clove oil alone in the treatment of chronic pruritus. METHODS: Fifty selected subjects diagnosed with chronic pruritus due to either hepatic, renal, or diabetic causes were studied and divided into two groups of 25 patients each...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374517/striae-distensae-immunohistochemical-assessment-of-hormone-receptors-in-multigravida-and-nulligravida
#15
Sahar El Sayed Youssef, Ekramy Ahmed El-Khateeb, Dalia Gamal Aly, Manal Hassan Moussa
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD), a type of dermal scarring, are psychologically disappointing. To date, information and scientific research behind the role of hormonal factors in the development of SD are still unclear. It is vital to understand striae to offer patients the best therapeutic options. OBJECTIVES: To investigate early alterations regarding the expression of estrogen, androgen, and glucocorticoid receptors (estrogen receptor (ER), androgen receptor (AR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in skin samples of multigravida (MG) and nulligravida (NG) cases and to compare them with normal controls...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371204/a-randomized-single-blinded-trial-of-a-tripeptide-hexapeptide-healing-regimen-following-laser-resurfacing-of-the-face
#16
Monique J Vanaman Wilson, Joanna Bolton, Sabrina Guillen Fabi
BACKGROUND: A topical healing system containing a combination of active ingredients including a tripeptide and hexapeptide (TriHex Technology™) has been found to stimulate neoelastogenesis and neocollagenesis. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the use of the tripeptide/hexapeptide topical system following fractionated CO2 laser resurfacing compared to a bland ointment and cream. PATIENTS/METHODS: In this single-blinded, randomized study, 15 female subjects aged 45-70 years underwent laser resurfacing of the face...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371078/efficacy-of-an-emollient-containing-diethylene-glycol-dilinoleic-acid-copolymer-for-the-treatment-of-dry-skin-and-pruritus-in-patients-with-senile-xerosis
#17
Runa Izumi, Osamu Negi, Tamie Suzuki, Mitsutoshi Tominaga, Atsuko Kamo, Yasushi Suga, Shoko Matsukuma, Kenji Takamori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pruritus frequently reduces quality of life (QOL) in patients with senile xerosis. This study investigated the moisturizing and antipruritic effects of a topical emollient containing a diethylene glycol/dilinoleic acid copolymer (D/DC) in patients with pruritic senile xerosis. METHODS: This single-blind study involved 50 subjects, aged 50-75 years. Patients were randomized to self-applied treatment of the lower legs with 10% (n = 20) or 20% (n = 20) D/DC-containing cream, white petrolatum (n = 5), or no treatment (n = 5) thrice daily for four weeks...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370943/hypochlorous-acid-gel-technology-its-impact-on-postprocedure-treatment-and-scar-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Michael H Gold, Anneke Andriessen, Steven H Dayan, Sabrina G Fabi, Z Paul Lorenc, Meagan-Helen Henderson Berg
BACKGROUND: A pre-and postprocedure regime aimed at prevention of infection, reduction of inflammation and risk of scarring, is to enable optimal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The role of a hypochlorous acid containing spray and translucent scar gel formulation that combines modified silicon oil with hypochlorous acid, was explored for pre- and postprocedure treatment and scar management. METHODS: For this purpose a literature review was conducted to explore the value of the technology used in pre-and postprocedural regimes...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349655/review-in-peeling-complications
#19
REVIEW
Izelda Maria Carvalho Costa, Patrick Silva Damasceno, Mariana Carvalho Costa, Keila Gabrielle Pati Gomes
Chemical peeling, a procedure wherein a chemical agent is applied to the skin to cause controlled destruction followed by regeneration and remodeling, is a dynamic tool for the treatment of acne, pigmentation issues, and photoaging [Journal of cutaneous and aesthetic surgery vol. 5 (2012) 254-260]. The results and complications are related to the depth of the procedure, with deeper peels producing more marked results and higher rates of complications. Complications are more likely with darker skin types, certain peeling agents, and sun exposure after treatment [Journal of cutaneous and aesthetic surgery vol...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349651/dermasence-refining-gel-modulates-pathogenetic-factors-of-rosacea-in-vitro
#20
C Borelli, B Becker, S Thude, B Fehrenbacher, D Isermann
BACKGROUND: Over the counter cosmetics sold for local treatment of slight to moderate rosacea often state the claim of actively modulating rosacea pathogenesis. Factors involved in the pathogenesis of this common yet complex skin disorder include kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5), LL-37, as well as protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to prove the modulating effect of the cosmetic skin care agent Dermasence Refining Gel (DRG) on factors involved in rosacea pathogenesis...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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