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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

Kambiz Kamyab, Mohammad Rezvani, Hasan Seirafi, Samira Mortazavi, Amir Teymourpour, Shahab Abtahi, Maryam Nasimi
BACKGROUND: Distinction between alopecia areata (AA) and androgenic alopecia (AGA) can be made according to clinical presentation and biopsy findings. However, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate them, especially when the diffuse pattern of both AA and AGA is in the differential diagnosis of hair loss in androgen-dependent areas. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the characteristics of inflammatory cell infiltration using CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD20 antigens, in AA and AGA to find some consistent histological clues for distinguishing these two entities...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
MaryJo E Kramer, Terrence C Keaney
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections have gained popularity in dermatology practice as a treatment for hair loss. As an autologous blood product, PRP is categorized as a minimally manipulated tissue by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and thus evades extensive regulation. As a result, there is a lack of standardization of its preparation and final composition. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide a systematic review of the various PRP preparation protocols and PRP compositions utilized in clinical trials for the treatment of hair loss...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Stefano Maria Serini, Maria Vittoria Cannizzaro, Annunziata Dattola, Virginia Garofalo, Esther Del Duca, Alessandra Ventura, Massimo Milani, Elena Campione, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, commonly treated with topical or systemic drugs, according to the severity of the condition. Retinoids and antibiotic compounds are considered cornerstone approaches in this condition. However, low adherence to the therapy and the issue of bacterial resistance undermine the efficacy in the long term. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 20% aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has shown to be effective in the treatment of inflammatory acne...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Mehdi Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hesam Ghisvand, Alireza Noroozi, Mahmood Karimy, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Brandon D L Marshall, Bahman Dieji
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Injection drug use is one of the major public health problems in Iran. Injection drug use is associated with numerous negative health outcomes, such as blood-borne infections (HIV, HCV) and injection site skin infections (abscesses, cellulitis). The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of injection site skin infections and its associated risk factors among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from March to August 2016 in Tehran province...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Kavita Poonia, Gurvinder Pal Thami, Mala Bhalla, Shivani Jaiswal, Jasleen Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Diffuse hair loss (DHL) is a common problem in adult women and has a major impact on quality of life. Ascertaining the etiological diagnosis is a challenging task in such patients. Satisfactory treatment can only be instituted after ascertaining the cause of hair loss. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinico-epidemiological profile of nonscarring DHL in females and to ascertain its underlying etiological factors. STUDY DESIGN: Of a total of 110 females, who presented with nonscarring DHL to the outpatient dermatology department, 100 qualified for inclusion in the study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Ali Asilian, Behzad Bafandeh, Zabihollah Shahmoradi, Gita Faghihi, Anis Bostakian, Samaneh Mozafarpoor, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
INTRODUCTION: Periocular rejuvenation is the most common aesthetic plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to determine effects of micropunch blepharopeeling (MBP) approach vs blepharoplasty (BP) in periocular rejuvenation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a clinical trial study on 22 patients who underwent periorbital rejuvenation referred to University Skin Clinics. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of blepharoplasty or micropunch blepharopeeling...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Naglaa A Ahmed, Salma S Mohammed, Mohammad I Fatani
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation and comparison of the efficacy and safety of 3 different modalities of treatment for dark circles that function via different modes of action. METHODS: In total, 45 female patients with periorbital hyperpigmentation were randomly selected to participate from those attending the outpatient dermatology clinic of Al-Zahraa University Hospital within a 6-month period. Patients were divided into 3 groups, and the groups were subjected to different types of therapy: group A, carboxy therapy; group B, chemical peel; and group C, vitamin C mesotherapy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Cleopatra Nacopoulos, Kalliopi Gkouskou, Dimitrios Karypidis, Ioannis Vlastos, Anna-Maria Vesala, Joseph Choukroun, Richard J Miron, Emmanuel Prokopakis
BACKGROUND: Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF), a fibrin matrix produced by single blood centrifugation that contains leukocytes, platelets, and growth factors, is increasingly being utilized for facial regeneration purposes. However, our understanding of the involved pathophysiological mechanisms affecting regeneration is limited and current protocols require better optimization. Biomarkers that are related to skin aging such as telomere length (TL) have been proposed as a mean to analyze patients' stratification...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Biao Jiang, Yan Jia, Congfen He
Traditional skincare involves the subjective classification of skin into 4 categories (oily, dry, mixed, and neutral) prior to skin treatment. Following the development of noninvasive methods in skin and skin imaging technology, scientists have developed efficacy-based skincare products based on the physiological characteristics of skin under different conditions. Currently, the emergence of skinomics and systems biology has facilitated the development of precision skincare. In this article, the evolution of skincare based on the physiological states of the skin (from traditional skincare and efficacy-based skincare to precision skincare) is described...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Bilge Eren, Sakine Tuncay Tanrıverdi, Fadime Aydın Köse, Özgen Özer
BACKGROUND: The reactive oxygen species lead to skin aging via oxidative damage that are induced by UV radiation. Therefore, topical formulations which have antioxidant effect could reduce aging level. Astaxanthin is an antioxidant substance. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity potential of the astaxanthin-loaded gel formulations. METHODS: Astaxanthin-loaded oleoresin and algae extract were used as natural active materials...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Enzo Berardesca, Susan Mortillo, Norma Cameli, Marco Ardigo, Maria Mariano
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, pruritic inflammatory skin disease that adversely affects quality of life. AIMS: The current study evaluates the efficacy of a shower cream and a lotion, each with skin-identical lipids and emollients, in the treatment of atopic dry skin of subjects with a history of atopic condition. METHODS: In all, 40 healthy females with clinically dry skin on the lower legs were enrolled in the study and underwent 4 weeks of daily use of the shower cream and 2 additional weeks of both the shower cream and the body lotion...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Jin Ok Baek, Il-Joong Park, Kyung Real Lee, Ha Ryeong Ryu, Jeongsoo Kim, Seulki Lee, Yu Ri Kim, Hoon Hur
OBJECTIVES: Café-au-lait macules (CALMs) are benign cutaneous hyperpigmentary disorders. Usually, laser therapies for cosmetic concerns result in more severe side effects in the people of Asian descent than that of Caucasians. Unfortunately, there is no gold standard for the laser treatment of CALMs in skin of people of Asian descent. To investigate the efficacy and safety of a high-fluence 1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment of CALMs in Asian patients...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Muhammad Ahmad, Mohammad Humayun Mohmand
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the hair shaft exit angles and also to check the effect of tumescence on the hair angles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients undergoing first session of strip hair restoration were included. The strip was marked at the level of external occipital protuberance and superior nuchal line. Three hairs were marked, one near upper end, one near lower end, and one in the middle. About 10 mL of 0.5% xylocaine with adrenaline was used with the needle in the subdermal level...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Anna Jaros, Malwina Zasada, Elżbieta Budzisz, Renata Dębowska, Monika Gębczyńska-Rzepka, Helena Rotsztejn
BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid is a substance with confirmed anti-free-radical properties. It triggers the collagen synthesis, has a depigmenting effect and seals blood vessels. All these properties have a significant effect of the skin's appearance. The characteristic traits of capillary skin include telangiectasias as well as erythema, which might consolidate in the future, along with the feeling of burning and increased skin sensitivity. OBJECTIVES: Study and evaluation of selected parameters of capillary skin after the application of 5% vitamin C concentrate throughout the period of 6 weeks with the use of instrumental tests and questionnaires...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Francisco M Pérez Atamoros, Daniel Alcalá Pérez, Daniel Asz Sigall, Alfonsina A Ávila Romay, José A Barba Gastelum, José A de la Peña Salcedo, Pablo E Escalante Salgado, Guillermo J Gallardo Palacios, Guillermo A Guerrero-Gonzalez, Rodrigo Morales De la Cerda, Rosa María Ponce Olivera, Fabiola Rossano Soriano, Eduardo Solís Tinoco, Esperanza C Welsh Hernández
Gynoid lipodystrophy (GLD) is a structural, inflammatory, and biochemical disorder of the subcutaneous tissue causing alterations in the topography of the skin. Commonly known as "cellulite," GLD affects up to 90% of women, practically in all stages of the life cycle, beginning in puberty. It is a clinical condition that considerably affects the patients' quality of life. It is a frequent reason for consultation, although the patients resort to empirical, improvised, nonevidence-based treatments which discourage and can be a source of frustration not only because of the lack of results but also due to the complications derived from those treatments...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Carolina Rocha Barone, Juliana Catucci Boza, Priscilla Granja Machado, Tania Ferreira Cestari
INTRODUCTION: Periorbital hyperchromia (POH) is a multifactorial condition, precipitated or aggravated by sleep disorders, which negatively affects quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of POH on QoL, sleep quality, and dissatisfaction of affected patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of male and female patients over 18 years, participants were examined, their demographic data were registered, and Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-BR), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used to assess dissatisfaction...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Michela Starace, Aurora Alessandrini, Carmine D'Acunto, Davide Melandri, Francesca Bruni, Annalisa Patrizi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
BACKGROUND: Recently, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection has been proposed as a potential adjuvant therapy to treat androgenetic alopecia. AIMS: Investigate the efficacy, tolerability, and clinical improvement of PRP for the treatment of female AGA. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 10 female patients affected by AGA and not responding to treatment with minoxidil and/or oral antiandrogens were enrolled. The clinical improvement was evaluated by pull test, global photographs, and Trichoscan at weeks 9, 12, and 24, and hair measurements were performed at baseline and 12 and 24 weeks after the first session...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Noha Nabil Doghaim, Shereen Farouk Gheida, Rania Ahmed El-Tatawy, Dareen Abdelaziz Mohammed Ali
BACKGROUND: Despite the numerous treatment modalities available for vitiligo, responses to treatment are still unsatisfactory. For this reason, new treatment modalities and approaches are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractional carbon dioxide (CO2 ) laser therapy followed by narrow band ultraviolet-B (NB-UVB) phototherapy on stable resistant vitiligo. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with stable bilateral vitiligo were enrolled...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Hanan Morsy, Reham Maher, Dalia Negm
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that alopecia areata is of immunological background; Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a Th17 pro-inflammatory cytokine that has been allied to the pathogenesis of different autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure serum IL-17A in patients with alopecia areata, and to study associations between IL-17A levels and disease severity before and after Narrowband-Ultraviolet B (NB-UVB), patient gender and age...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Sung Yeon Cho, June Whan Park, Hyoseok An, Hyun Ju Ko, Hyuk Kim, Jin Kyu Choi, Sun Young Choi, Sung Min Kim, Eun Jung Ko, Beom Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Infraorbital region is one of the most important regions that show the signs of aging. In recent years, hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers have been used to correct this region for esthetic treatments. Although HA fillers with various physical properties are used, limited research has been performed to compare their efficacy. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare three HA fillers to determine which is the most appropriate filler for the correction of the infraorbital region and evaluate the correction of such by performing a clinical test using CLEVIEL Fine...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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