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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341446/carboxytherapy-for-treatment-of-localized-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-clinical-and-histopathologic-evaluation
#1
Abeer Mostafa Kamel, Rania Abdelghani
BACKGROUND: Multiple treatment options are introduced in treatment of chronic localized plaque psoriasis but with poor adherence and poor patients' satisfaction resulting in poor treatment outcome. OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of carboxytherapy in treatment of chronic localized plaque psoriasis. METHODS: Thirty adult patients with chronic localized plaque psoriasis were enrolled in this study. The patients received carboxytherapy injection once/week for 8 weeks...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337405/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-pain-intensity-during-application-of-carboxytherapy-in-patients-with-cellulite-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Adria Y Sadala, Aline F P Machado, Richard E Liebano
BACKGROUND: Carboxytherapy may generate local pain that is considered the main limiting factor in clinical practice. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is widely used in the control of acute pain; however, the effect of TENS on pain relief during carboxytherapy has not been studied to date. AIMS: To assess the effect of TENS on pain intensity during carboxytherapy in patients with cellulite in the gluteal region. PATIENTS/METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted with 84 patients, 18-44 years of age, who had moderate cellulite in the gluteal region, according to Cellulite Severity Scale, but never received carboxytherapy...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336112/is-there-an-association-of-abo-blood-groups-and-rhesus-factor-with-alopecia-areata
#3
Zeynep Gizem Kaya İslamoğlu, Mehmet Unal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by noncicatricial hair loss localized on hair, beard, mustache, eyebrow, eyelash, and sometimes on the body. Although etiopathogenesis is not fully understood, many studies show remarkable associations between various diseases and ABO blood groups. However, there is no study with AA and blood groups. METHODS: Healthy people and patients with AA were included in this study. A total of 155 patients with AA and 299 healthy controls were included in the study...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319217/the-science-behind-skin-care-moisturizers
#4
REVIEW
Zoe D Draelos
Moisturizers provide functional skin benefits, such as making the skin smooth and soft, increasing skin hydration, and improving skin optical characteristics; however, moisturizers also function as vehicles to deliver ingredients to the skin. These ingredients may be vitamins, botanical antioxidants, peptides, skin-lightening agents, botanical anti-inflammatories, or exfoliants. This discussion covers the science of moisturizers.
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318715/comparative-evaluation-of-skin-moisture-after-topical-application-of-10-and-30-lactobionic-acid
#5
Barbara Algiert-Zielińska, Paulina Mucha, Helena Rotsztejn
BACKGROUND: Dry skin is characterized by symptoms such as itching, redness, excessive exfoliation. These symptoms cause discomfort and contribute to secondary bacterial infections. Dry skin treatments are based on topical applications of various formulations. Among many of them are polyhydroxy acids, which recently gained more attention. AIMS: The aim of this study was a comparative assessment of hydration level (corneometric) after application of lactobionic acid (LA) in the form of peel at concentrations of 10% and 30%...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316184/filler-migration-and-extensive-lesions-after-lip-augmentation-adverse-effects-of-polydimethylsiloxane-filler
#6
Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Gita Faghihi, Zabihollah Shahmoradi, Ali Saffaei
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), also called liquid silicone, belongs to a group of polymeric compounds that are commonly referred to as silicones. These filling agents have been used as injectable filler for soft tissue augmentation. There are limited experiences about management of the severe complications related to filler migration associated with PDMS injection. We present a 35-year-old female with severe erythema, edema over her cheeks and neck, and multiple irregularities following cosmetic lip augmentation with PDMS...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316174/protective-effect-of-conditioner-agents-on-hair-treated-with-oxidative-hair-dye
#7
Robson M da Gama, Simone A França-Stefoni, Tânia C Sá-Dias, Valcinir Bedin, André R Baby, Maria Valéria R Velasco
BACKGROUND: Hair coloring is broadly used by women and men either to change their natural hair color or to delay the onset of gray hair. Oxidative dyes may damage the hair, as chemical and physical processes are required to convert the fiber structure and, consequently, alterations in its mechanical and surface properties. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of silanetriol (and) Panthenol, PEG-12 dimethicone, and hydrolyzed silk (and) hydrolyzed milk protein (and) lactose as conditioner agents on hair treated with oxidative hair dye by protein loss, combability, and breaking strength...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316152/clinical-and-immunohistochemical-comparative-study-of-the-efficacy-of-carboxytherapy-vs-platelet-rich-plasma-in-treatment-of-stretch-marks
#8
Abeer A Hodeib, Ghada F R Hassan, Marwa N M Ragab, Eiman A Hasby
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae are dermal scars with a linear atrophic depression. The exact origin of striae distensae remains unrevealed, but low expression of collagen and fibronectin genes in the affected tissue was found. Several treatment modalities have been proposed, yet no consistent modality is available. AIM OF THE WORK: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of carboxytherapy vs platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treatment of stretch marks. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 20 patients with striae alba...
January 7, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314648/polycaprolactone-facial-volume-restoration-of-a-46-year-old-asian-women-a-case-report
#9
Shang-Li Lin
A 46-year-old Asian women was treated with a next-generation bioresorbable biostimulatory polycaprolactone (PCL)-based dermal filler to restore facial volume loss. Before- and after (12 weeks of follow-up)-treatment photographs were analyzed and compared. In addition, before- and after-treatment contour images were recorded using the Vectra® XT 3D imaging system (Canfield Scientific, Inc.). Improvement of facial volume in multiple tissue layers was observed at 4 and 12 weeks of follow-up. Total facial rejuvenation to correct descending soft tissue with a PCL-based dermal filler was achieved through volume restoration in multiple tissue layers of the face...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297991/application-of-lipidomics-to-reveal-differences-in-facial-skin-surface-lipids-between-males-and-females
#10
Le Cui, Cong-Fen He, Lin-Na Fan, Yan Jia
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare differences in facial skin surface lipids (SSL) between 18- to 25-year-old males and females. METHODS: Ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) technology was used to measure the facial SSL composition of 18- to 25-year-old males and females. Measurement results were combined with the orthogonal projections to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model for analysis and comparisons, and differences in lipids with significance were selected...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297970/evaluation-of-carboxytherapy-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-treatment-of-periorbital-hyperpigmentation-a-comparative-clinical-trial
#11
Eman Nofal, Reham Elkot, Ahmad Nofal, Fatma Eldesoky, Shymaa Shehata, Maha Sami
BACKGROUND: Management of periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is still a therapeutic challenge. Although different therapeutic modalities are available, the outcomes of most of them are unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and compare the efficacy and safety of two new modalities in the treatment of POH; the platelet rich plasma (PRP) and the carboxytherapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 30 patients with POH. Every patient was subjected to seven intradermal injections of PRP on the left periorbital area with 2 week intervals between sessions and carboxytherapy on the right area with 1 week interval apart...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285863/microfocused-ultrasound-in-combination-with-diluted-calcium-hydroxylapatite-for-improving-skin-laxity-and-the-appearance-of-lines-in-the-neck-and-d%C3%A3-colletage
#12
Gabriela Casabona, Diana Nogueira Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Skin laxity and wrinkling on the neck and décolletage reveal age as reliably as the face. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the combined use of microfocused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V; Ultherapy® ) and diluted calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA; Radiesse® ) for treating the neck and décolletage. METHODS: Subjects with moderate-to-severe lines on the neck and/or décolletage were retrospectively enrolled. MFU-V was applied using 7 and 10 MHz transducers followed by subdermal injection of CaHA diluted 1:1 with lidocaine solution...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285889/evaluation-of-topical-liposome-incorporated-clove-oil-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-palmar-hyperhidrosis-single-blinded-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Ibrahim M Ibrahim, Ibrahim M Abdel Kareem, Mohammed A Alghobashy
INTRODUCTION: Palmar hyperhidrosis is of great concern to patients because of its physical, occupational, and psychological impact on quality of life. Topical clove oil has been used in many conditions due to its major component Eugenol that exerts blocking effect on nerve transmission. AIM OF THE WORK: To assess the efficacy of topical liposome incorporated clove oil in decreasing the rate of sweating among patients with idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Forty patients with palmar hyperhidrosis were treated with clove oil 45% in liposome and another twenty patients were treated as a control group with 0...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285860/tattoos-evaluation-of-knowledge-about-health-complications-and-their-prevention-among-students-of-tricity-universities
#14
Patrycja Rogowska, Aneta Szczerkowska-Dobosz, Róża Kaczorowska, Justyna Słomka, Roman Nowicki
INTRODUCTION: Tattooing is a very popular form of body modification among young people. However, this kind of procedure entails the risk of various health complications. The objective of the study was to evaluate the students' knowledge about contraindications, complications, and health risks that skin tattooing may cause. Additionally, the purpose of the study was to assess how the profile of education (medical vs nonmedical) impacts on the knowledge of the respondents. METHODS: We surveyed a group of 1199 people, of which 326 (27%) had tattoos...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280546/age-and-hydration-dependence-of-jowl-and-forearm-skin-firmness-in-young-and-mature-women
#15
Harvey N Mayrovitz, Jennifer Wong, Madeline Fasen
BACKGROUND: Quantitative assessment of possible linkages between skin's firmness and water content is useful for cosmetic and clinical purposes and to better understand features of advancing age. OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to characterize age-related differential features in skin firmness in women and determine the relationship between skin firmness and indices of skin water. METHODS: Skin firmness was quantified using handheld devices that measure the force to indent skin 0...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250927/possible-role-of-interleukin-17-and-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-in-cutaneous-warts
#16
Mohammed Abu El-Hamd, Hanan A Assaf, Essam A Nada
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cutaneous warts (CW), or verrucae, are benign proliferation of skin that result from infection with human papilloma viruses. Cellular immune reactivity plays a significant role in wart regression. The aim of this study was to elucidate the cellular immune status of patients with CW through measurements of their serum levels of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF,) and, identify the possible role of IL-17 and MIF in CW. We assessed serum IL-17 and MIF levels in patients with different forms of CW and compare the results with controls...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250900/complications-of-botulinum-toxin-injection-for-masseter-hypertrophy-incidence-rate-from-2036-treatments-and-summary-of-causes-and-preventions
#17
Hsien-Li Peter Peng, Jui-Hui Peng
BACKGROUND: Masseter hypertrophy is a common, prominent feature in many Asian patients, and correction procedures are often requested for esthetic reasons. Toxin masseter injections have a high efficacy and safety profile, but the risks of a variety of side effects or complications remain. OBJECTIVES: The categorization of various complications was based on etiology, with a presentation of the author's own incidence rates for consideration and comparison. METHODS: Six hundred and eighty patients received a total of 2036 sessions of toxin injection for masseter hypertrophy from 2011 to 2016, and complications or complaints were recorded through follow-up on a by-treatment basis...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231284/the-science-behind-skin-care-cleansers
#18
REVIEW
Zoe Diana Draelos
Two of the most important skin care categories with profound dermatologic implications are cleansers and moisturizers. Cleansers are composed of alkaline soaps or the less barrier-damaging synthetic detergents, known as syndets. The lower skin irritation and dryness found with syndets are related to their reduced tendency to cause protein denaturation due to the charge density of protein-bound micelle-like surfactant aggregates. Many cleansing formulations are available for purchase to meet hygiene needs varying by sex, age, ethnicity, occupation, environment, personal preferences, and the presence or absence of skin disease...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226630/microneedling-combined-with-platelet-rich-plasma-or-trichloroacetic-acid-peeling-for-management-of-acne-scarring-a-split-face-clinical-and-histologic-comparison
#19
Moetaz El-Domyati, Hossam Abdel-Wahab, Aliaa Hossam
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive procedures provide effective, safe, relatively long-lasting, and natural results without large damage to the skin. A combination treatment is considered an approach that includes at least 2 different and unrelated modalities. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the use and effectiveness of some combined minimally invasive procedures for management of acne scarring. PATIENTS/METHODS: Twenty-four volunteers with postacne atrophic scars were randomly divided into 3 equal groups according to performed procedure on each side of the face (microneedling by dermaroller alone or combined with platelet-rich plasma [PRP] or trichloroacetic acid [TCA] 15% peeling) and received 6 bi-weekly sessions of treatment...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226503/development-characterization-and-evaluation-of-sunscreen-cream-containing-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-of-silymarin
#20
Gladyston Netto MPharm, Jobin Jose
BACKGROUND: Most of the sunscreen formulations mainly contain chemicals or synthetic molecules. Nowadays, researchers are mainly focussing on herbal formulations due to toxicity of the synthetic molecules. Silymarin is a natural flavonoids having excellent antioxidant properties. Solid lipid nanoparticles are novel drug carriers which improve the drug stability and tolerance effect and also enhance the permeation effect. AIMS: This study aimed at the preparation of solid lipid nanoparticles containing silymarin that will be incorporated into a sunscreen cream and determine its sun protection factor...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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