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Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP

Yasemin Benderli Cihan, Talha Sarigoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ramadhan T Othman, Nawfal R Hussein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Narongrit Juntanong, Pallop Siewchaisakul, Peter Bradshaw, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Supannee Promthet
BACKGROUND: Oral cavity cancer (OCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. No studies have reported on the prevalence and epidemiologic risk factors of oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) in Thailand. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of OPLs and associated factors in Roi Et Province, Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate the prevalence of OPLs, a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in which 2,300 subjects over 40 years of age were recruited and screened for the prevalence of OPLs...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Joseph Kattan, Roland Eid, Hampig Raphael Kourie, Fadi Farhat, Marwan Ghosn, Claude Ghorra, Roland Tomb
BACKGROUND: Mesotheliomas are relatively rare tumors in Lebanon. The only previous study goes back to 14 years ago, when we published epidemiological characteristics of mesotheliomas in Lebanon, showing that the pleural location accounted for the vast majority of cases, with clear evidence of asbestos exposure from the Eternit factory of Chekka region. The objective of this current study was to estimate the incidence of mesothelioma in the past decade and to identify its epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic characteristics, making comparisons with our first study published in 2001...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jiraporn Lertcharernrit, Panya Sananpanichkul, Wineeya Suknikhom, Kornkarn Bhamarapravatana, Komsun Suwannarurk, Yosapon Leaungsomnapa
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common in Thailand, but the mortality rate may be rising yearly. It is a cancer that can be prevented by early screening for precancerous lesions, several methods being available. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) smears and lesions with visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) in pregnant women and assess risk factors for this group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed at Prapokklao Hospital, Thailand during April-July 2016...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Varayu Prachayakul, Phataraphong Thearavathanasingha, Chanitra Thuwajit, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Peti Thuwajit
Biliary obstruction is a common clinical manifestation of various conditions, including extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. However, a screening test for diagnosis of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in patients with biliary obstruction is not yet available. According to the rationale that the biliary system plays a major role in lipid metabolism, biliary obstruction may interfere with lipid profiles in the body. Therefore, plasma lipidomics may help indicate the presence or status of disease in biliary obstruction suspected extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Amita Gupta, Mohammad Kaleem Ahmad, Abbas Ali Mahndi, Renu Singh, Yashodhara Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Cervical carcinoma is one of the main causes of mortality in women worldwide as well as in India. It occurs as a result of various molecular events that develop from the combined influences of an individual's genetic predisposition and external agents such as smoking and menstrual hygiene, for example. However, infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the established major risk factor. The aim of the current study was to investigate p16 CpG island methylation and establish any correlation with mRNA expression in a north Indian population...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Anchisa Kunawudhi, Alexandra K Wong, Tarik K Alkasab, Umar Mahmood
PURPOSE: We evaluated all PET/CTs acquired for patients without a primary diagnosis of colorectal cancer, and compared results for those who had subsequent colonoscopy within 6 months, to assess the accuracy of FDG PET/CT for detection of incidental pre-malignant polyps and malignant colon cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 9,545 patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT studies over 3.5 years were retrospectively reviewed. Due to pre-existing diagnosis of colorectal cancer, 818 patients were excluded...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Nintita Sripaiboonkij, Bandit Thinkamrop, Supannee Promthet, Chalermdej Kannawat, Voranuj Tangcharoensathien, Tamnit Ansusing, Suthee Rattanamongkolgul
BACKGROUND: A recent guideline by the American Cancer Society recommended that mammography (MMG) should be done for women starting in their mid-40s. In Thailand, information on opportunistic mammography screening is limited and data on the total incidence of breast cancer are also lacking. The purpose of this study was to estimate the breast cancer detection, incident and prevalence rates among Thai women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the opportunistic mammography screening of normal women between 30 and 80 years who underwent the procedure between 2001 and 2010...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sutheera Intajarurnsan, Narong Khuntikeo, Nittaya Chamadol, Bandit Thinkhamrop, Supannee Promthet
BACKGROUND: The population in northeast Thailand continues to present with hepatobiliary abnormalities, particularly periductal fibrosis (PDF) which is the result of chronic infection with liver fluke (Opisthorchis viverini; OV) and may lead to the development of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Although the prevalence of OV infection has been decreased due to a liver fluke control program over decades, the prevalence of PDF remains high. This study aimed to investigate demographic factors associated with PDF risk based on ultrasonography (US) screening...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Fateme Sanaati, Safa Najafi, Zahra Kashaninia, Masoud Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) places a significant burden on the patient. Herbal agents are the most commonly complementary therapies used among the public. This study was done to determine the effect of ginger and chamomile capsules on nausea and vomiting in cases undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer (BC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind and clinical trial study, 65 women with BC undergoing chemotherapy were referred to Breast Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran, between May 2013 to June 2014...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Prakasit Rattanatanyong, Somboon Keelawat, Nakarin Kitkumthorn, Apiwat Mutirangura
BACKGROUND: Methylation of promoter 2 of the SHP1 gene is epithelial cell specific, with reported potential as a lymph node metastatic marker. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate SHP1-P2 methylation-specific quantitative PCR effectiveness in detecting colorectal cancer (CRC) DNA in lymph nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SHP1-P2 methylation levels were measured in lymph nodes of CRC patients and compared with pathological findings and patient prognosis...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Farahnaz Ghasemi, Fateme Dehghan, Vahid Farnia, Faeze Tatari, Mostafa Alikhani
BACKGROUND: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) increases the psychological exibility of people afflicted with cancer, and consequently improves their adaptability. The present research was conducted with the aim of determining the effectiveness of ACT for people afflicted with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present research was of semi-pilot type with a pre-test and post-test plan for the proof group. The demographics of the community were composed of all the women with cancer who were under treatment in Tehran's Dehshpour therapeutic center in 2015...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sukumaran Anil, P B Gopikrishnan, Ashik Bin Basheer, B G Vidyullatha, Yahya A Alogaibi, Elna P Chalisserry, Fawad Javed, M Hn Dalati, Sajith Vellappally, Mohamed Ibrahim Hashem, Darshan Devang Divakar
BACKGROUND: Oral cancers account for approximately 2% of all cancers diagnosed each year; however, the vast majority (80%) of the affected individuals are smokers whose risk of developing a lesion is five to nine times greater than that of non-smokers. Tobacco smoke contains numerous carcinogens that cause DNA damage, including oxidative lesions that are removed effectively by the base-excision repair (BER) pathway, in which poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1), plays key roles. Genetic variations in the genes encoding DNA repair enzymes may alter their functions...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mostafa Dianatinasab, Haleh Ghaem, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Seysd Vahid Hosseini, Hajar Khazraei
BACKGROUND: Mortality among Iranian patients with colorectal cancer has not been fully examined and the factors associated with their survival are still controversial. This study aimed to determine the mortality rate and its related factors among the patients with colorectal cancer in southwestern regions in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted on 220 patients with colorectal cancer referred to Fahighi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran from 2009 to 2014...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Roghieh Khodaveirdyzadeh, Rabee Rahimi, Azad Rahmani, Akram Ghahramanian, Naser Kodayari, Jamal Eivazi
BACKGROUND: Use of spiritual/ religious resources is one important coping strategy for breast cancer patients. However, the relationship between spiritual coping and adjustment to cancer diagnosis has not been well investigated among Iranian breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-correlational study was undertaken among 266 breast cancer patients referred to two educational centers in north-western Iran. They were selected using a convenience sampling method...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
S Elsamany, O Elemam, S Elmorsy, A Alzahrani, M M Abbas
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the association of β-catenin expression pattern with pathological response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer (BC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective exploratory study, data for 50 BC patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were recorded. β-catenin expression in tumours was assessed using immunohistochemistry and classified as either membranous or cytoplasmic according to the pattern of staining...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Siew Hwa Yen, A Knight, Mbv Krishna, Wmw Muda, Aa Rufai
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality and is associated with increased breast cancer diagnosis and recurrence. PURPOSE: To examine the association between adult lifetime physical activity and breast cancer risk in a case-control analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 122 cases of breast cancer and 121 controls in the state of Kelantan in Malaysia. A comprehensive measure of lifetime physical activity was used to assess occupational, household, and recreational/sports activity...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ayman Alsebaey, Eman Aly Ahmedy
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a dreadful complication of end stage liver disease with high morbidity and mortality. AIM: The aim was to assess the role of serum talin-1 and non-invasive brosis in patients with HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of eighty seven subjects were enrolled, with 22 two healthy individuals as a control group (n=22), 22 patients in the cirrhosis group and finally 43 in the group with HCC diagnosed with positive triphasic CT abdomen criteria...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Anchisa Kunawudhi, Karun Sereeborwornthanasak, Chetsadaporn Promteangtrong, Bunchorn Siripongpreeda, Saiphet Vanprom, Chanisa Chotipanich
BACKGROUND: FDG PET/CT is at an equivocal stage to recommend for staging of colorectal cancer as compared to contrast-enhanced CT (ceCT). This study was intended to evaluate the value of FDG PET/ceCT in colorectal cancer staging as compared to ceCT alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PET/ceCT was performed for 61 colorectal cancer patients who were prospectively enrolled in the study. Three patients were excluded due to loss to follow-up. PET/ceCT findings and ceCT results alone were read separately...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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