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Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP

Rahim Golmohammadi, Mohammad Hassan Rakhshani, Ali Reza Moslem, Akbar Pejhan
Background: PTEN protein is one of the most important tumour suppressor factors which is detectable by immunohistochemistry. The goal of the present study was to investigate the prognostic role of PTEN gene expression in breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 100 breast cancer patients referred to Sabzevar hospitals in the north-east of Iran between 2010 and 2011, who were followed up to 2015. PTEN gene expression in tissue samples was determined using specific monoclonal antibodies and data were analyzed using Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Dada Rima, Basant Kumar Shiv, Chawla Bhavna, Bisht Shilpa, Khan Saima
Background: Sperm DNA damage is underlying aetiology of poor implantation and pregnancy rates but also affects health of offspring and may also result in denovo mutations in germ line and post fertilization. This may result in complex diseases, polygenic disorders and childhood cancers. Childhood cancer like retinoblastoma (RB) is more prevalent in developing countries and the incidence of RB has increased more than three fold in India in the last decade. Recent studies have documented increased incidence of cancers in children born to fathers who consume alcohol in excess and tobacco or who were conceived by assisted conception...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Naseri Mohsen, Sebzari Ahmadreza, Haghighi Fatemeh, Hajipoor Fatemeh, Emadian Razavi Fariba
Background: K-RAS and N-RAS gene mutations cause resistance to treatment in patients with colorectal cancer. Based on this, awareness of mutation of these genes is considered a clinically important step towards better diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Materials and Methods: Fifty paraffin-embedded blocks of colorectal cancer were obtained from Imam Reza Hospital of Birjand, Iran. Following DNA extraction, the samples were analyzed for common mutations of exons 2, 3 and 4 of KRAS and NRAS genes using real time PCR and pyrosequencing...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sharma Anubhuti, Sharma Ashok, Yadav Prashant, Singh Dhiraj
Isothiocyanates are naturally occurring small molecules that are formed from glucosinolate precursors of cruciferous vegetables. Many isothiocyanates, both natural and synthetic, display anti-carcinogenic activity because they reduce activation of carcinogens and increase their detoxification. This minireview summarizes the current knowledge on isothiocyanates and focuses on their role as potential anti-cancer agents.
9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Widia Fina, AH Hamid Agus Rizal, Mochtar Chaidir A, Umbas Rainy
Background: Lymph node and distant metastases are known as the prognostic factor in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Clinical parameters are needed to predict metastases preoperatively. The aim of this study was to assess clinical predictive factors for lymph node and distant metastases. Materials and Methods: We collected RCC data from January 1995 until December 2015 at Cipto Mangunkusumo hospital in Jakarta. We only reviewed data that had renal cell carcinoma histopathology by operation or biopsy. Clinical information such as patient age, gender, hemoglobin (Hb), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and tumor size (clinical T stage) were reviewed and analyzed by Chi-squre and logistic regression to establish clinical predictive value...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Binti Zain Rosnah, George Kallarakkal Thomas, Ramanathan Anand, Kim Jin, Tilakaratne Wm, Takata Takashi, Warnakulasuriya Saman, Kumar Hazarey Vinay, Rich Alison, Mohd Hussaini Haizal, Jalil Ajura
Verruco-papillary lesions (VPLs) of the oral cavity described in the literature involve a spectrum of conditions including squamous papilloma, verruca vulgaris, focal epithelial hyperplasia, condyloma, proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and verrucous carcinoma. A majority of the VPLs are slow growing, benign in nature and have a viral aetiology. Virus associated benign mucosal outgrowths are not too difficult to diagnose either clinically or by microscopy. Apart from virus-associated lesions, VPLs harboring malignant potential or behaviour such as verrucous carcinoma, proliferative verrucous leukoplakia, oral verrucous hyperplasia (OVH), oral papillary squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) and oral conventional squamous cell carcinoma with papillary features (CSCC) need to be further clarified for better understanding of their predictable biologic behavior and appropriate treatment...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Meryem Aktan, Gul Kanyilmaz, Mehmet Koc, Serhat Aras
Background: Patients with recurrent or progressive lung cancer experience a significant symptom burden, negatively affecting quality of life and reducing life expectancy. Thoracic re-irradiation can be used for palliative treatment to relieve symptoms or as a curative treatment. Methods: Using patient charts, we identified and reviewed 28 cases that had received palliative thoracic re-irradiation for recurrent lung cancer. Results: Before re-irradiation, 32% of patients had stage III non-small cell lung cancer and six had small cell lung cancer...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Rabia Naseer, Iram Naz, Muhammad Khurram Mahmood
Objectives: To determine the frequency of delayed diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma in our setup; highlighting factors responsible for any delay and their possible relevance to demographic and diagnostic features. Methods: This cross sectional study of six months duration was conducted in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. A total of 246 patients, both male and female, having a biopsy proven definitive diagnosis of OSCC were included using a consecutive sampling technique...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Jamal Mohammadian, Mehdi Sabzichi, Ommoleila Molavi, Dariush Shanehbandi, Nasser Samadi
Docetaxel, recognized as a stabilizing microtubule agent, is frequently administrated as a first line treatment for prostate cancers. Due to high side effects of monotherapy, however, combinations with novel adjuvants have emerged as an alternative strategy in cancer therapy protocols. Here, we investigated the combined effects of stattic and docetaxel on the DU145 prostate cancer cell line. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay. To understand molecular mechanisms of stattic action, apoptotic related genes including Bcl-2, Mcl-1, Survivin and Bax were evaluated by real-time RT-PCR...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Rina Tanaka, Masashi Matsuzaka, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yoshihiro Sasaki
The objective of this study was to clarify how distance from place of residence to the nearest specialist cancer hospital affects the survival of lung cancer patients and the treatment received. For all patients diagnosed with lung cancer in the Aomori cancer registry database for the period from 2009 to 2011 (n=3,986). The distance to the treating hospital was measured as the straight line from a person’s place of residence, and compared with findings from the Ederer II method for calculating relative survival...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Azucena Moreno Rosales, Miguel Corres Molina, Jacqueline Góngora Moo, Pablo Romero Morelos, Cindy Bandala
Background: In Mexico, breast cancer (BCa) is in first place regarding cancer mortality and has been established as a priority health issue. The incidence of metastasis from BCa is very high and presents as the principal mortality factor among women younger than 40 years of age. OBJECTIVE. To determine any associations between clinicopathological characteristics and metastasis in Mexican women under 40 years of age. Methods: During the 2010–2015 period, a total of 180 female BCa cases seen at the Navy General High Specialty Hospital, SEMAR, in Mexico City; we collected information on 20 patients with BCa younger than 40 years of age...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Natthapat Thongsak, Imjai Chitapanarux, Prapaporn Suprasert, Sukon Prasitwattanaseree, Walaithip Bunyatisai, Patumrat Sripan, Patrinee Traisathit
Background: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. There have been several studies indicating that risk is associated with geographic location and that the incidence of cervical cancer has changed over time. In Thailand, incidence rates have also been found to be different in each region. Methods: Participants were women living or having lived in upper Northern Thailand and subjected to cervical screening at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital between January 2010 and December 2014. Generalized additive models with Loess smooth curve fitting were applied to estimate the risk of cervical cancer...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Parthasarathi Reddy, Shakeel Anjum, m Monica, k Yadav Rao, Sheetal Akula, T Sai Pravallika
Introduction: Gutkha contains harmful and carcinogenic chemicals and oral cancer caused by tobacco usage has been reported as a major preventable cause of death worldwide by the World Health Organization. The Telangana state government implemented a ban on gutkha usage starting in 2013 but how effective this ban has been remains unclear. Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the actual impact of the gutkha ban on users and vendors. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among gutkha users and tobacco vendors in Ranga Reddy district, Telangana...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Fred O Ugwumba, Osa Eloka C Ekwueme, Agharighom D Okoh
The testicular cancer (TCa) incidence is increasing in many countries, with age-standardized incidence rates up to 7.8/100,000 men in the Western world, although reductions in mortality and increasingly high cure rates are being witnessed at the same time. In Africa, where rates are lower, presentation is often late and morbidity and mortality high. Given this scenario, awareness of testicular cancer and practice of testicular self-examination among future first response doctors is very important. This study was conducted to determine knowledge and attitude to testicular cancer, and practice of testicular self-examination (TSE) among final (6th) year medical students...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Hanaa H Ahmed, Hadeer A Aglan, Asmaa M Zaazaa, Aziza B Shalby, Sayed A El Toumy
Objective: This research was conducted to explore mechanisms behind the potency of quercetin in inhibiting colon cancer induced in an experimental model. Materials and Methods: Forty adult male rats of Wistar strain were distributed into 4 groups; a negative control group, a colon cancer bearing group, a quercetin-treated group and a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated group. Serum TAG72 and GAL3 levels were quantified by ELISA. Colonic Wnt5a and Axin-1 gene expression was estimated by PCR. In addition, colonic tissues were subjected to immunohistochemical examination of Bax expression and histological investigation of histopathological alterations...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mohammad Hashemi, Gholamreza Bahari, Majid Naderi, Simin Sadeghi Bojd, Mohsen Taheri
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a novel class of non-protein coding RNAs that are involved in a wide variety of biological processes. There are limited data regarding the impact of lnc-LAMC2-1:1 rs2147578 as well as CASC8 rs10505477 T>C polymorphisms on cancer development. Here we examined for the first time whether rs2147578 and rs10505477 polymorphisms are associated with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a total of 110 cases and 120 healthy controls. Genotyping was achieved by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Kanchanok Sukkong, Panya Sananpanichkul, Prasong Teerakidpisan, Kornkarn Bhamarapravatana, Komsun Suwannarurk
Background: Adnexal torsion results in ischemia of structures distal to twisted pedicle and acute onset of pain is responsible for about 3% of all gynecologic emergencies. Ovarian torsion classically occurs in a pathological enlarged ovary, as with cancer, but diagnosis remains a challenge. Objective: Our purpose was to evaluate clinical risk factors predictive of torsion with gangrenous adnexa. Material and methods: A retrospective descriptive study and chart review of surgically proven ovarian torsion/adnexal torsion cases at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Prapokklao Hospital, Chanthaburi, Thailand between January 2011 and December 2015 was conducted...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mohamed Y Nasr, Ammar S Ali Deeb, Gamal Badra, Ibrahim H El Sayed
Introduction: Elevated serum interleukin (IL) 6 has been reported in patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), but it remains debatable whether this influences the production of autoantibodies and the biochemical profile of HCV disease. Therefore, this current study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between IL-6 and circulating autoantibody levels in HCV positive patients. Methods: Levels of IL-6 in serum samples from 102 patients with HCV and 103 normal controls were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
William P P Silva, Roberta T Stramandinoli-Zanicotti, Juliana L Schussel, Gyl H A Ramos, Sergio O Ioshi, Laurindo M Sassi
Objective: This article concerns evaluation of the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of FNAB for pre-surgical diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of major and minor salivary glands of patients treated in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery of Erasto Gartner Hospital. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed medical records from January 2006 to December 2011 from patients with salivary gland lesions who underwent preoperative FNAB and, after surgical excision of the lesion, histopathological examination...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Othman A AL Shabanah, Moureq rashed Alotaibi, Salim S Al Rejaie, Ali R Alhoshani, Mashal M Almutairi, Musaad A Alshammari, Mohamed M Hafez
Objective: Breast cancer is global female health problem worldwide. Most of the currently used agents for breast cancer treatment have toxic side-effects. Ginseng root, an oriental medicine, has many health benefits and may exhibit direct anti-cancer properties. This study was performed to assess the effects of ginseng on breast cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: Cytotoxicity of ginseng extract was measured by MTT assay after exposure of MDA-MB-231, MCF-10A and MCF-7 breast cancer cells to concentrations of 0...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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