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Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP

Rahim Golmohammadi, Mohammad Hassan Rakhshani, Ali Reza Moslem, Akbar Pejhan
Background: PTEN protein is one of the most important tumour suppressor factors which is detectable by immunohistochemistry. The goal of the present study was to investigate the prognostic role of PTEN gene expression in breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 100 breast cancer patients referred to Sabzevar hospitals in the north-east of Iran between 2010 and 2011, who were followed up to 2015. PTEN gene expression in tissue samples was determined using specific monoclonal antibodies and data were analyzed using Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Dada Rima, Basant Kumar Shiv, Chawla Bhavna, Bisht Shilpa, Khan Saima
Background: Sperm DNA damage is underlying aetiology of poor implantation and pregnancy rates but also affects health of offspring and may also result in denovo mutations in germ line and post fertilization. This may result in complex diseases, polygenic disorders and childhood cancers. Childhood cancer like retinoblastoma (RB) is more prevalent in developing countries and the incidence of RB has increased more than three fold in India in the last decade. Recent studies have documented increased incidence of cancers in children born to fathers who consume alcohol in excess and tobacco or who were conceived by assisted conception...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Naseri Mohsen, Sebzari Ahmadreza, Haghighi Fatemeh, Hajipoor Fatemeh, Emadian Razavi Fariba
Background: K-RAS and N-RAS gene mutations cause resistance to treatment in patients with colorectal cancer. Based on this, awareness of mutation of these genes is considered a clinically important step towards better diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Materials and Methods: Fifty paraffin-embedded blocks of colorectal cancer were obtained from Imam Reza Hospital of Birjand, Iran. Following DNA extraction, the samples were analyzed for common mutations of exons 2, 3 and 4 of KRAS and NRAS genes using real time PCR and pyrosequencing...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sharma Anubhuti, Sharma Ashok, Yadav Prashant, Singh Dhiraj
Isothiocyanates are naturally occurring small molecules that are formed from glucosinolate precursors of cruciferous vegetables. Many isothiocyanates, both natural and synthetic, display anti-carcinogenic activity because they reduce activation of carcinogens and increase their detoxification. This minireview summarizes the current knowledge on isothiocyanates and focuses on their role as potential anti-cancer agents.
9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Widia Fina, AH Hamid Agus Rizal, Mochtar Chaidir A, Umbas Rainy
Background: Lymph node and distant metastases are known as the prognostic factor in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Clinical parameters are needed to predict metastases preoperatively. The aim of this study was to assess clinical predictive factors for lymph node and distant metastases. Materials and Methods: We collected RCC data from January 1995 until December 2015 at Cipto Mangunkusumo hospital in Jakarta. We only reviewed data that had renal cell carcinoma histopathology by operation or biopsy. Clinical information such as patient age, gender, hemoglobin (Hb), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and tumor size (clinical T stage) were reviewed and analyzed by Chi-squre and logistic regression to establish clinical predictive value...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Binti Zain Rosnah, George Kallarakkal Thomas, Ramanathan Anand, Kim Jin, Tilakaratne Wm, Takata Takashi, Warnakulasuriya Saman, Kumar Hazarey Vinay, Rich Alison, Mohd Hussaini Haizal, Jalil Ajura
Verruco-papillary lesions (VPLs) of the oral cavity described in the literature involve a spectrum of conditions including squamous papilloma, verruca vulgaris, focal epithelial hyperplasia, condyloma, proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and verrucous carcinoma. A majority of the VPLs are slow growing, benign in nature and have a viral aetiology. Virus associated benign mucosal outgrowths are not too difficult to diagnose either clinically or by microscopy. Apart from virus-associated lesions, VPLs harboring malignant potential or behaviour such as verrucous carcinoma, proliferative verrucous leukoplakia, oral verrucous hyperplasia (OVH), oral papillary squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) and oral conventional squamous cell carcinoma with papillary features (CSCC) need to be further clarified for better understanding of their predictable biologic behavior and appropriate treatment...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Natalia V Yunusova, Alisa B Villert, Liudmila V Spirina, Alena E Frolova, Larisa A Kolomiets, Irina V Kondakova
Purpose: Tumor cell growth and sensitivity to chemotherapy depend on many factors, among which insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) may play important roles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in primary tumors and ascites as predictors of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in ovarian cancer (OC) patients. Materials and Methods: Tumor tissue samples and ascitic fluid were obtained from 59 patients with advanced OC. The levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4 and PAPP-A were determined using ELISA kits...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Nahid Hatam, Niloofar Ahmadloo, Mina Vazirzadeh, Abdossaleh Jafari, Mehrdad Askarian
Background: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer amongst women throughout the world. Currently, there are various follow-up strategies implemented in Iran, which are usually dependent on clinic policies and agreement among the resident oncologists. Purpose: A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed to assess the cost-effectiveness of intensive follow-up versus standard models for early breast cancer patients in Iran. Materials and methods: This cross sectional study was performed with 382 patients each in the intensive and standard groups...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Yasaman Yazdani, Mohammad Reza Sharifi Rad, Mousa Taghipour, Nooshafarin Chenari, Abbas Ghaderi, Mahboobeh Razmkhah
Objective: Brain tumors cause great mortality and morbidity worldwide, and success rates with surgical treatment remain very low. Several recent studies have focused on introduction of novel effective medical therapeutic approaches. Genistein is a member of the isoflavonoid family which has proved to exert anticancer effects. Here we assessed the effects of genistein on the expression of MMP-2 and VEGF in low and high grade gliomas in vitro. Materials and Methods: High and low grade glioma tumor tissue samples were obtained from a total of 16 patients, washed with PBS, cut into small pieces, digested with collagenase type I and cultured in DMEM containing 10% FBS...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Byung Hoon Kim, Hyo Lee
Objectives: A physically active lifestyle is important for cancer survivors. Therefore, this study was conducted to 1) provide population-based estimates of the prevalence of physical activity and sitting time, and 2) their correlates in Korean cancer survivors. Materials and Methods: This study analyzed a cancer survivor subsample (N=1,482) from 2008-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), data selected with a complex sampling design. Overall and subgroup-specific prevalences of physical activity and sitting time were estimated...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Hafiz Khan, Anshul Saxena, Abhilash Perisetti, Aamrin Rafiq, Kemesha Gabbidon, Sarah Mende, Maria Lyuksyutova, Kandi Quesada, Summre Blakely, Tiffany Torres, Mahlet Afesse
Background: Breast cancer is a worldwide public health concern and is the most prevalent type of cancer in women in the United States. This study concerned the best fit of statistical probability models on the basis of survival times for nine state cancer registries: California, Connecticut, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Michigan, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington. Materials and Methods: A probability random sampling method was applied to select and extract records of 2,000 breast cancer patients from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database for each of the nine state cancer registries used in this study...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Asma Belaïd, Chiraz Nasr, Omar Jmour, Aziz Cherif, Lotfi Kochbati, Hedi Bouguila, Mounir Besbes, Farouk Benna
Background: Brachytherapy is the most commonly used conservative treatment for the uveal melanoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate therapeutic results of Ruthenium-106 plaque brachytherapy in the management of localized uveal melanoma cases. Methods: We reviewed retrospectively the clinical records of all patients treated in our department for an uveal melanoma, undergoing Ruthenium-106 plaque brachytherapy, from January 1996 to December 2015. We focused on clinical features, therapeutic characteristics, local and distant tumor control and side effects...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Amira H Soliman
Objective: To evaluate stromal cells of the bone marrow microenvironment (BMM) in bone marrow trephine biopsy (BMTB) specimens, with a focus on fibronectin, tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-α) and L-selectin in Non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) patients, before and after therapy. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 de novo NHL patients, 64 with B-cell lymphomas 80% , (follicular cell lymphoma (FCL) in 32, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/ small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) in 12, and diffuse large cell lymphoma in 20) and 16 with T-cell lymphomas (20%) all diagnosed as T-Lymphoblastic lymphomas, were evaluated before and after therapy...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Yasemin Cosgun, Abdullah Yildirim, Mihriban Yucel, Ayse Esra Karakoc, Gokhan Koca, Alpaslan Gonultas, Gul Gursoy, Huseyin Ustun, Meliha Korkmaz
Objective: The present study was conducted to evaluate invasive and noninvasive diagnostic methods for detection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in patients admitted with dyspeptic complaints and to compare sensitivities and specificities. Method: Sets of four gastric biopsy specimens were obtained from a total of 126 patients included in the study. The presence of H. pylori was determined by invasive tests including culture, rapid urease test, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and histopathology. Among noninvasive tests, urea breath test, serological tests and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were performed...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Alpana K Gupta, Mausumi Bharadwaj, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: Though people of color (POC) are less likely to become afflicted with skin cancer, they are much more likely to die from it due to delay in detection or presentation. Very often, skin cancer is diagnosed at a more advanced stage in POC, making treatment difficult.The purpose of this research was to improve awareness regarding skin cancers in people of color by providing recommendations to clinicians and the general public for early detection and photo protection preventive measures. Methods: Data on different types of skin cancers were presented to POC...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Samreen Zehra, Rahela Najam, Tasneem Farzana, Tahir Shamsi
Background: Diagnostic karyotyping analysis is routinely used in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) clinics. Categorization of patients into risk stratified groups (favorable, intermediate and adverse) according to cytogenetic findings can serve as a valuable independent prognostic factor. Method and Material: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted based on the patient records of newly diagnosed non-M3 AML young adult cases undergoing standard 3+7 i.e, Daunorubicin and Ara-C (DA) as remission induction chemotherapy...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Esmaili Haidarali, Amir Vahedi, Shiva Mohajeri, Elmira Mostafidi, Mahzad Azimpouran, Mohammad Naghavi Behzad
Objective: Endometriosis, one of the most common estrogen dependent gynecological disorders, can present as both benign and malignant disease. The prevalence of tumoral transformation is 0.7-1.6% and the most common tumors are clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas. Unfortunately, the pathogenesis of transformation is unknown. For this purpose, we examined molecular alterations in ovarian endometriosis and endometriosis-associated tumors. Methods: Using the data bank of Alzahra hospital pathology department and paraffin blocks from appropriate cases were identified...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Fatme Mouchref Hamasni, Fady El Hajj
Background and Objective : Bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) plays an essential role in mesenchymal cell differentiation into osteoblasts، through many intracellular pathways which may also be active in tumors. Invasive oral squamous cell carcinomas account for more than 90% of head and neck malignancies in many cancer registries. They are classified into three types according to epithelial cell differentiation. The present study aimed to identify any relation between BMP-2 expression and tumor histology...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masahumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
Background: Cancer screening rates are lower in Japan than those in western countries. Health professionals publish procancer screening messages on the internet to encourage audiences to undergo cancer screening. However, the information provided is often difficult to read for lay persons. Further, anti-cancer screening activists warn against cancer screening with messages on the Internet. We aimed to assess and compare the readability of pro- and anti-cancer screening online messages in Japan using a measure of readability...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Imane Abdellaoui Maane, Hicham El Hadi, Zineb Qmichou, Abderrahmane Al Bouzidi, Youssef Bakri, Hassan Sefrioui, Nadia Dakka, Abdeladim Moumen
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains one of the most widespread and perplexing of all human malignancies. Assessment of gene expression is thought to have an important impact on cancer diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic decisions. In this context, we explored combined expression of PCa related target genes AMACR and PCA3 in 126 formalin fixed paraffin embedded prostate tissues (FFPE) from Moroccan patients, using quantitative real time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-qPCR). This quantification required data normalization accomplished using stably expressed reference genes (RGs)...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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