journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682922/parental-alcohol-drinking-habit-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-barbados
#1
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Daniel C Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Gabrielle Mitchell, Ashley Belinfante, Chinwendu F Agu
Background: In Barbados and the wider Caribbean region, alcohol is widely consumed by adolescents and young people, including those in secondary schools. The high prevalence of alcohol use, and its potential adverse effects are a source of concern to policy makers and the general population, which calls for better understanding of the drivers of this problem. This study thus aimed at investigating whether parental alcohol drinking habit is a predictor of alcohol use among secondary school students in the country...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682921/alcohol-drinking-among-primary-school-children-in-trinidad-and-tobago-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#2
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Sarah N Oshi
Background: Underage alcohol use is a pervasive problem with serious health, social and safety consequences. This study was undertaken to assess alcohol use by primary school children in Trinidad and Tobago, and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: We analysed data collected from 40 primary schools in Trinidad and Tobago by the National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP). The sample comprised of children aged 8 -15 years old, in standards 3, 4 and 5. Result: Out of the 2052 children, 648 (31...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682920/investigating-the-role-of-alcohol-in-behavioural-problems-at-school-among-secondary-school-students-in-barbados
#3
Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Chinwendu F Agu, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Joy Harrison, Sarah N Oshi
Background: The prevalence of alcohol use is quite high in the Caribbean region, and specifically, in Barbados. Alcohol use has been documented to negatively affect the way students behave within and outside school. This study set out to examine the role alcohol plays in students’ behavioural problems at school. Methods: An analysis of crosssectional data collected during the National Secondary Schools Survey was done. Mean (and standard deviation), frequencies and percentages were computed, and differences in proportions among the groups were assessed using Pearson’s Chi Square...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682919/risk-factors-associated-with-frequent-alcohol-binge-drinking-among-jamaicans-does-gender-matter
#4
Wendel D Abel, Steve Weaver, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Daniel C Oshi, Joy Harrison, Kristen Smith, Gabrielle Mitchell, Ashley Belinfante, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi
Objective: Alcohol is one of the most commonly consumed substances in Jamaica, despite the many health problems associated with excessive alcohol use. The aim of this study was to identify potential risk factors for alcohol binge drinking among Jamaicans, and determine if there were significant gender differences in the associations between identified risk factors and frequent binge drinking. Methods: Data collected from the 2016 National Household Survey Jamaica were analysed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were computed using SPSS...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682918/a-population-based-analysis-of-the-influence-of-religious-affiliation-on-alcohol-consumption-among-jamaicans
#5
Steve Weaver, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Chinwendu F Agu
Background: Religion sometimes shapes behaviours and experiences of its members including alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to examine the possible influence of religious affiliation on alcohol consumption in Jamaica since they are predominantly Christians. Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, we analysed data from National Household Survey 2,016 of 4,623 participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS. Results: Out of the 4,623 participants, majority 3,244 (70...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682917/are-adolescents-likely-to-start-smoking-early-if-their-parents-are-smokers-a-study-of-jamaican-high-school-students
#6
Chinwendu F Agu, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma Meka, Daniel C Oshi
Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking is high among adolescents in the Caribbean, including Jamaica. Age of initiation of cigarette smoking varies among adolescents. A number of factors has been reported to influence early age of initiation of cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine if parental smoking status was associated with early age of onset of cigarette smoking among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: Data from the Jamaican National School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 were analysed...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681146/single-parent-family-structure-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-use-among-secondary-school-students-evidence-from-jamaica
#7
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Chinwendu F Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Daniel C Oshi
The aim of this study was to examine the potential relationship between Jamaican secondary students’ alcohol drinking habits and their family structure. Methods: Data collected from a nationally representative survey of 3,365 students were analysed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Results: Out of the 3,365 students, 1,044 (31.0%) were from single-parent families. Single-parent families, married-parent families and common law-parent families were significantly associated with lifetime use of alcohol (AOR= 1...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681145/does-risk-perception-affect-alcohol-consumption-among-secondary-school-students-in-jamaica
#8
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Steve Weaver, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Joachim C Omeje, Tania Rae, Daniel C Oshi
Background: Alcohol consumption among young people is a major public health problem world-wide and in Jamaica. A number of factors have been reported to affect alcohol use among high school students. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perception of the harmfulness of alcohol on alcohol use among secondary school students in Jamaica. Methods: Data collected from a nationally representative sample of 3,365 students were analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681144/a-school-based-study-of-the-influence-of-students%C3%A2-relationship-with-teachers-on-their-cigarette-smoking-behaviour-in-jamaican
#9
Sarah N Oshi, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Tania Rae, Wendel D Abel
Background: Cigarette is one of the most widely used addictive substances and a leading cause of death. Prevalence of cigarette smoking has been reported to be high in the Caribbean, including Jamaica. The aim of this study was to determine whether students’ relationship with teachers influences their cigarette smoking behaviour in Jamaica. Methods: This was a statistical analysis of data based on a nationally representative sample of 3,365 secondary school students drawn from 8th to 12th grade across 38 secondary schools in Jamaica in 2013...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#10
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582647/differential-expression-of-c-fos-proto-oncogene-in-normal-oral-mucosa-versus-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Akhilesh Krishna, Madan Lal Brahma Bhatt, Vineeta Singh, Shraddha Singh, Pravin Kumar Gangwar, Uma Shankar Singh, Vijay Kumar, Divya Mehrotra
Background: The c-Fos nuclear protein dimerizes with Jun family proteins to form the transcription factor AP-1 complex which participates in signal transduction and regulation of normal cellular processes. In tumorigenesis, c-Fos promotes invasive growth through down-regulation of tumor suppressor genes but its role in oral carcinogenesis is not clear. Objectives: This study concerned c-fos gene expression in normal and malignant tissues of the oral cavity, with attention to associations between expression status and clinico-pathological profiles of OSCC patients...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582646/a-germline-mutation-in-the-brca1-3%C3%A2-utr-variant-predicts-susceptibility-to-breast-cancer-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#12
Rashid Mir, Jamsheed Javid, Ibrahim Abdullah Al Balawi, Khaled R. Alkharsah, Maha Abdel Hadi, Mostafa Abdel Rahman, Ebtesam Hamoud, Yousef Al Alawi, Attiya Bin Mohammad Al Zahrani, F M Abu-Duhier
Purpose: The impact of the BRCA1-3’UTR-variant on BRCA1 gene expression and altered responses to external stimuli was previously tested in vitro using a luciferase reporter assay. Its ability to predict breast cancer risk in women was also assessed but the conclusions were inconsistent. The present study concerns the relationship between the BRCA1-3’UTR germline variant rs8176318G>T and susceptibility to Breast cancer in an ethnic population of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: The study included 100 breast cancer patients and 100 sex matched healthy controls from the northwestern region (Tabuk) and Dammam of Saudi Arabia were investigated for the BRCA1-3’UTR germline variant rs8176318G>T using an allele specific PCR technique...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582645/quality-of-breast-cancer-surgical-pathology-reports
#13
Anita Vallacha, Ghulam Haider, Wiky Raja, Dinesh Kumar
Background: Surgical pathology reporting of breast cancer is needed for appropriate staging and treatment decisions. We here checked the quality of surgical pathology reports of breast cancer from different laboratories of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: One hundred surgical pathology reports from ten different laboratories of Karachi were assessed for documentation of elements against a checklist adopted from the CAP guideline over a period of six months from January, 2017 to June, 2017 in the Oncology Department, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582644/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-protein-interaction-mapping-analysis-via-proteomic-approaches
#14
Mona Zamanian Azodi, Majid Rezaei Tavirani, Mostafa Rezaei Tavirani, Reza Vafaee, Mohammad Rostami-Nejad
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), although not very common in many parts of the world, is a major concern in some countries, including Iran. Molecular studies are very helpful to provide essential information regarding underlying carcinogenetic mechanisms. Here, considering NPC proteomic approaches, established biomarkers were designated for protein-protein interaction network construction and analysis with corresponding plug-ins. A network of reported protein markers was constructed and topological and biological process features were investigated...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582643/chemopreventive-effects-of-edible-canna-canna-edulis-kerr-against-colorectal-carcinogenesis-effects-on-expression-of-adenomatous-polyposis-coli-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-rat-inflammatory-model
#15
Burhannudin, Nur Mahmudah, Sitarina Widyarini, Dewajani Purnomosari
Objective: Dietary high fibre and calcium intake has been suggested to reduce colorectal cancer risk. However, there is limited information available regarding the potential of edible canna (Ganyong), with high dietary fibre and calcium content, to act as a preventive agent for colorectal cancer. This experimental study was conducted to investigate the preventive effect of Ganyong in reducing colorectal carcinogenesis with attention to effects on adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582642/leukotriene-receptor-antagonists-inhibit-mitogenic-activity-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#16
Kran Suknuntha, Ruedeemars Yubolphan, Kanokpan Krueaprasertkul, Sirada Srihirun, Nathawut Sibmooh, Pornpun Vivithanaporn
Despite a discovery of hormonal pathways regulating breast cancer, a definitive cure for the disease requires further identification of alternative targets that provide a hormone-independent support. Apart from their role in inflammatory diseases, cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) receptor antagonists (LTRAs) decrease the risk of lung cancer in asthma patients and inhibit tumor progression in several malignancies. In the present study, we evaluate the effects of two chemically different, clinically relevant LTRAs (montelukast and zafirlukast) in a triple negative breast cancer cell line, MDAMB- 231...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582641/factors-affecting-uptake-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-african-women-in-klang-valley-malaysia
#17
Cecilia Chinemerem Nwabichie, Rosliza Abdul Manaf, Suriani Binti Ismail
Introduction: Cervical cancer is a health concern among women worldwide, presently ranking as the second to fourth common cancer type among women in different parts of the world. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) 16 and 18 are the main causative agents of cervical cancer. However, prevention is possible with early and regular cervical cancer screening. Objective: This study aimed to identify the cervical cancer screening practices and factors affecting the screening status of African immigrant women attending selected church services in Klang Valley, Malaysia...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582640/effectiveness-of-a-mass-media-campaign-on-oral-carcinogens-and-their-effects-on-the-oral-cavity
#18
Ashish Shrestha, Jyotsna Rimal
Objective: To develop a mass media campaign on oral carcinogens and their effects on the oral cavity in order to increase awareness among the general population. Methods: Documentary and public service announcements highlighting the effects of tobacco and its products were designed and developed based on principles of behavior change. A questionnaire, designed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of people regarding oral carcinogens, was used to conduct a baseline survey at various sites in eastern Nepal...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582639/diagnostic-value-of-glypican-3-for-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#19
Sherif El-Saadany, Taher El-Demerdash, Amal Helmy, Wael Wahid Mayah, Boshra El-Sayed Hussein, Mohammed Hassanien, Nehal Elmashad, Mahmoud Ali Fouad, Eman Ahmed Basha
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common and dangerous malignancy in many parts of the world, and especially in Egypt. Early diagnosis is the most important step in successful HCC management. However most cases are detected at late stage making effective intervention impossible. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of Glypican-3 (GPC-3) to aid in diagnosis of HCC, especially in patients with low serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). Subjects and methods: Serum GPC-3 was assessed by flow-cytometry and serum AFP by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 40 HCC patients with AFP< 400ug\l...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582638/extraction-and-characterization-of-chick-pea-cicer-arietinum-extract-with-immunostimulant-activity-in-balb-c-mice
#20
Bindhu Jayaprakash, Arunava Das
Traditional plant medicines are used for a range of cancer conditions. The chickpea is highly proteinaceous and consumed as a staple in many parts of the world. An evaluation of chemoprotective and immunomodulatory activities of Cicer arietinum (CE) in cisplatin-induced immunosuppressed mice was here performed. Cisplatin was given at 100mg/kg, intraperitoneally, and after induction of immunosuppression mice were treated with Cicer arietinum (0.5 mg/dose/animal/IP) for a period of 10-day. The influence of the extract on lymphoid organ weight, bone marrow cellularity, alpha esterase activity and on enzyme levels such as (SGOT,SGPT, Urea, Creatinine was assessed to identify any chemoprotective influence...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
journal
journal
39887
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"