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Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727483/pharmacological-treatment-of-tardive-dyskinesia-recent-developments
#1
Stanley N Caroff, E Cabrina Campbell, Benjamin Carroll
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) occurs in patients receiving antipsychotic treatment with dopamine receptor antagonists. Despite the prevalence of TD and its negative impact on patients' lives, there has been a lack of approved treatments and limited evidence from controlled trials of pharmacological treatment. Areas covered: PubMed was searched for English-language papers published during 2007-2016 using terms "tardive dyskinesia" or "drug-induced movement disorder", and "treatment". Studies evaluating pharmacological agents for the treatment of TD were selected...
July 20, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724340/pharmacological-therapeutics-in-friedreich-ataxia-the-present-state
#2
Cassandra Strawser, Kimberly Schadt, Lauren Hauser, Ashley McCormick, Mckenzie Wells, Jane Larkindale, Hong Lin, David R Lynch
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a progressive, inherited, neurodegenerative disease for which there is currently no cure or approved treatment. FRDA is caused by deficits in the production and expression of frataxin, a protein found in the mitochondria that is most likely responsible for regulating iron-sulfur cluster enzymes within the cell. A decrease in frataxin causes dysfunction of adenosine triphosphate synthesis, accumulation of mitochondrial iron, and other events leading to downstream cellular dysfunction...
July 20, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685624/cxcr4-expression-varies-significantly-among-different-subtypes-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-gbm-and-its-low-expression-or-hypermethylation-might-predict-favorable-overall-survival
#3
Xinlong Ma, Feng Shang, Weidong Zhu, Qingtang Lin
BACKGROUND: CXCR4 is an oncogene in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) but the mechanism of its dysregulation and its prognostic value in GBM have not been fully understood. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis was performed by using R2 and the UCSC Xena browser based on data from GSE16011 in GEO datasets and in GBM cohort in TCGA database (TCGA-GBM). Kaplan Meier curves of overall survival (OS) were generated to assess the association between CXCR4 expression/methylation and OS in patients with GBM...
July 7, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678629/an-evaluation-of-the-clinical-application-of-the-dsm-5-for-the-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Claire O Burns, Johnny L Matson
The changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) were met with much controversy by researchers, clinicians, and families of individuals with ASD. The goal of this paper is to review the literature on the impact of these changes. Areas Covered: This paper reviews the major changes to diagnostic criteria from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5. It emphasizes how these changes are hypothesized to impact prevalence rates, as well as trends in characteristics of individuals who would have met previous criteria for ASD but no longer qualify for a diagnosis under DSM-5...
July 5, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678557/what-are-the-prospects-for-combination-therapy-for-glioblastoma
#5
Erin Morgan, Warren Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639837/measuring-cerebrovascular-autoregulation-in-preterm-infants-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-an-overview-of-the-literature
#6
Elisabeth M W Kooi, Elise A Verhagen, Jan Willem J Elting, Marek Czosnyka, Topun Austin, Flora Y Wong, Marcel J H Aries
The preterm born infant's ability to regulate its cerebral blood flow (CBF) is crucial in preventing secondary ischemic and hemorrhagic damage in the developing brain. The relationship between arterial blood pressure (ABP) and CBF estimates, such as regional cerebral oxygenation as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), is an attractive option for continuous non-invasive assessment of cerebrovascular autoregulation. Areas covered: The authors performed a literature search to provide an overview of the current literature on various current clinical practices and methods to measure cerebrovascular autoregulation in the preterm infant by NIRS...
June 29, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631489/an-update-on-the-recognition-and-treatment-of-autonomic-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Wolfgang H Jost
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by motor, autonomic, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. These occur in varying degrees in all stages of the disease. Among the autonomic disorders, cardiovascular, urogenital, gastrointestinal and thermoregulatory disorders are the most relevant. Within cardiovascular disorders drop of blood pressure after orthostasis and non-dipper behavior are very important; but also the influence of cardiovascular medication. Urgency, nocturia, and incontinence are of particular note within the urological problems...
June 28, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649892/are-we-exaggerating-neuropsychological-impairment-in-depression-reopening-a-closed-chapter
#8
Steffen Moritz, Katrin Stöckert, Marit Hauschildt, Hannah Lill, Lena Jelinek, Thomas Beblo, Sabrina Diedrich, Sönke Arlt
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses conclude that individuals with depression display neurocognitive deficits. However, the extent to which some of these impairments occur due to secondary influences, and thus in part represent epiphenomena, has rarely been tested. Therefore, the authors examined the impact of performance motivation, attitude towards cognitive assessment, and momentary symptoms during assessment on neuropsychological test results in depression. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with depression and 60 nonclinical individuals underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery...
June 26, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597710/comparing-treatment-options-for-chronic-inflammatory-neuropathies-and-choosing-the-right-treatment-plan
#9
Eduardo Nobile-Orazio, Francesca Gallia, Fabrizia Terenghi, Mariangela Bianco
Chronic inflammatory neuropathies are disorders caused by an immune response to peripheral nerve. They include chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) and neuropathy associated with anti-MAG IgM monoclonal gammopathy and other less frequent neuropathies. Several immune therapies have been proven to be effective in these neuropathies even if the best therapeutic option is still unsettled. Areas covered: The authors reviewed the literature to compare the efficacy and safety of currently used immune therapies in these neuropathies...
June 26, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644924/intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-bridge-between-two-centuries
#10
Georgios Tsivgoulis, Odysseas Kargiotis, Andrei Alexandrov
Intravenous tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) remains the only approved systemic reperfusion therapy suitable for most patients presenting timely with acute ischemic stroke. Accumulating real-word experience for over 20 years regarding tPA safety and effectiveness lead to re-appraisal of original contraindications for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Areas covered: This narrative review focuses on fast yet appropriate selection of patients for safe administration of tPA per recently expanded indications. Novel strategies for rapid patient assessment will be discussed...
June 23, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604243/the-use-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-to-measure-change-in-neurodegeneration-in-alzheimer-s-disease-clinical-trials
#11
Bob Olsson, Jonathan M Schott, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg
All recent phase 3 trials of potentially disease-modifying therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) have so far failed. Potential reasons include enrolling subjects whose disease is too advanced or who do not have AD pathology, or simply incorrect drug targets. The goal of disease-modifying AD trials is to halt the progress of neuronal damage and death and this can be assessed in vivo using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. Areas covered: The authors conducted a literature search of the use of CSF biomarkers in disease-modifying AD clinical trials using PubMed...
June 19, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598698/beyond-serotonin-newer-antidepressants-in-the-future
#12
Gopalkumar Rakesh, Chi-Un Pae, Prakash S Masand
There are numerous antidepressants for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) on the market. However, inadequate treatment response, therapeutic lag between drug administration and the onset of clinical improvement, and safety/tolerability issues with the use of contemporary antidepressants have accelerated the search for newer antidepressants with novel mechanisms of action. Areas covered: The authors review novel antidepressants with rapid efficacy for diverse MDD symptoms and have fewer adverse effects (AEs)...
June 19, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594298/to-stop-or-not-to-stop-disease-modifying-therapies-in-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-that-is-the-question
#13
Emanuele D'Amico, Tjalf Ziemssen, Salvatore Cottone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548892/immune-related-neurological-toxicities-among-solid-tumor-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-a-systematic-review
#14
Mostafa Eltobgy, Hani Oweira, Ulf Petrausch, Daniel Helbling, Jan Schmidt, Arianeb Mehrabi, Othmar Schöb, Anwar Giryes, Michael Decker, Omar Abdel-Rahman
Immune-related neurologic toxicities are uncommon but serious adverse events that may be associated with the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors. The objective of this review is to assess the incidence and risk of neurologic toxicities which are potentially immune-related and occur with immune checkpoint treatment of solid tumors. Areas covered: PubMed database has been searched till January 2017. Clinical trials, case series and case reports reporting the occurrence of immune-related neurologic toxicities in solid tumor patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors were included...
May 31, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548894/switching-from-an-oral-dopamine-receptor-agonist-to-rotigotine-transdermal-patch-a-review-of-clinical-data-with-a-focus-on-patient-perspective
#15
Sun Ju Chung, Mahnaz Asgharnejad, Lars Bauer, Arturo Benitez, Babak Boroojerdi, Tanja Heidbrede, Allison Little, Han Joon Kim
Dopamine receptor agonists (DAs) are commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless legs syndrome (RLS). In certain situations, switching from oral DAs to rotigotine transdermal patch may be beneficial for the patient (e.g., optimal symptom control/side effects/perioperative management, preference for once-daily/non-oral administration, RLS augmentation treatment). Areas covered: This narrative review summarizes available data on DA dose equivalency, dose conversions, switching schedules, safety, tolerability, efficacy and patient treatment preferences of switching from oral DAs to rotigotine (and vice versa) in patients with PD/RLS...
May 26, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532252/chronic-subthreshold-cortical-stimulation-a-therapeutic-and-potentially-restorative-therapy-for-focal-epilepsy
#16
Brian Nils Lundstrom, Gregory A Worrell, Matt Stead, Jamie J Van Gompel
Approximately one third of patients with focal epilepsy continue to have ongoing seizures despite adequate trials of anti-seizure medications. Surgery to remove the epileptogenic zone remains the most efficacious treatment option for focal drug-resistant epilepsy. However, when cortical areas are eloquent or there are multiple epileptogenic zones, surgical resection is not an ideal approach. Cortical stimulation provides an attractive alternative. Area covered: Here, the authors describe Chronic Subthreshold Cortical Stimulation (CSCS), which uses continuous intracranial electrical stimulation applied near the epileptogenic zone to lower seizure probability...
May 25, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521561/late-onset-seizures-a-subclinical-cerebrovascular-disorder
#17
Francesco Brigo, Raffaele Nardone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511562/a-review-of-cognitive-remediation-approaches-for-schizophrenia-from-top-down-to-bottom-up-brain-training-to-psychotherapy
#18
Michael W Best, Christopher R Bowie
Individuals with psychotic disorders experience profound impairment in neurocognition, which is consistently found to be the best predictor of independent community functioning. Several diverse behavioural treatments designed to enhance neurocognitive abilities have been developed, with subtle to stark differences among them. Various approaches, to varying degrees, have demonstrated success across diffuse outcomes: improved brain structure and function, performance on neuropsychological tests, and community activities associated with daily living...
May 24, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490214/emerging-amyloid-and-tau-targeting-treatments-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Ayesha Khan, Anne Corbett, Clive Ballard
With an ageing global population, the number of people with dementia, and its main cause Alzheimer's disease (AD), is growing. current licensed treatments available for ad are only alleviate the symptoms of the disease, and are effective only in some people with ad for a limited time. there are currently no therapies that target the disease process. Areas covered: This review summarizes the available treatments for AD and the emerging therapies in the clinical trials pipeline. There are ongoing trials at various stages of development, targeting different mechanisms and pathways implicated in the disease...
May 19, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490260/emerging-treatments-for-alzheimer-s-disease-for-non-amyloid-and-non-tau-targets
#20
Ayesha Khan, Anne Corbett, Clive Ballard
The number of people with dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, is growing as a result of an ageing global population. Treatments available for AD only alleviate the symptoms of the disease, and are effective in some people with AD for a limited time. There is no disease-modifying treatment available, and despite research efforts, the underlying mechanisms of AD and optimal treatment targets have not been fully elucidated. Amyloid and tau are key pathological markers of AD with ongoing trials targeting both...
May 18, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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