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Autoimmunity Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088533/anti-hmgcr-and-anti-dfs70-antibodies-immunofluorescence-patterns
#1
LETTER
Boaz Palterer, Daniele Cammelli, Gianfranco Vitiello, Maria Grazia Giudizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087351/central-nervous-system-vasculitis-in-adults-an-update
#2
REVIEW
Lívia Almeida Dutra, Alexandre Wagner Silva de Souza, Gabriela Grinberg-Dias, Orlando Graziani Povoas Barsottini, Simone Appenzeller
Primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV) is a challenging diagnosis due to broad clinical manifestations and variable specificity and sensitivity of laboratory and imaging diagnostic tools. Differential diagnosis include reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), secondary vasculitis of the CNS and other noninflammatory vasculopathies. Brain biopsy is essential for definitive diagnosis and to exclude mimickers. Recent data show data large-vessel PCNSV present worse prognosis when compared to small-vessel PCNSV...
January 10, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062281/anti-dfs70-antibodies-in-healthy-schoolchildren-a-follow-up-analysis
#3
LETTER
Francesca Sperotto, Mara Seguso, Nicoletta Gallo, Mario Plebani, Francesco Zulian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989761/anti-endothelial-cell-antibodies-in-vasculitis-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Paul Legendre, Alexis Régent, Mathilde Thiebault, Luc Mouthon
Anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECAs) are those that can bind to endothelial cells (ECs) via variable region-specific interactions. The identification and quantification of AECAs varies depending on the technique used. The best approach would be to combine at least two different methods. Thus, AECA measurement cannot be considered a diagnostic tool, but the detection and titers of AECAs are associated with disease activity in various systemic vasculitis diseases. AECAs have been described in almost all primary systemic vasculitis diseases but also in many secondary vasculitis diseases, with the identification of various antigens...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988438/detection-of-lupus-anticoagulant-in-the-era-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#5
REVIEW
Ariela Hoxha, Alessandra Banzato, Amelia Ruffatti, Vittorio Pengo
Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) is an in vitro phenomenon determining a phospholipid-dependent elongation of clotting times. The presence of LAC associated with anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-β2 glycoprotein I (anti-β2GPI) antibodies is strongly associated with thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) targeting thrombin and factor Xa are currently widely use to prevent and treat venous and arterial thromboembolism. Some concern has, however, been expressed about the possibility of false laboratory results during LAC assessment in patients taking these drugs...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988437/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-associated-myositis-with-germinal-centre-like-structures
#6
REVIEW
Alexandra Espitia-Thibault, Agathe Masseau, Antoine Néel, Olivier Espitia, Claire Toquet, Jean-Marie Mussini, Mohamed Hamidou
OBJECTIVE: Muscular impairment is a rare systemic manifestation of SS that is rarely described in the literature and classically non-specific, both clinically and histologically. We reviewed the cases of 4 patients with primary SS presenting with myositis and a common histologic pattern on muscular biopsy with germinal centre-like structures resembling that which occurs in salivary glands. METHODS: We analysed the data files of patients with SS who had muscular manifestations and underwent a muscular biopsy...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988436/a-scoping-review-of-the-use-of-non-biologic-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-the-management-of-large-vessel-vasculitis
#7
REVIEW
Durga Prasanna Misra, Aman Sharma, Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Vir Singh Negi
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) and Giant cell arteritis (GCA) comprise the large vessel vasculitides (LVV). Patients with LVV are treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), both conventional (cDMARDs) and biologic (bDMARDs). We undertook a scoping review to assess the effectiveness of cDMARDs in TA and GCA. We could identify 11 studies in TA and 18 studies in GCA. There were only 3 randomized controlled trials on methotrexate, one on hydroxychloroquine and two on cyclosporine in GCA, the others being case series (including all studies on TA)...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988435/in-vivo-distribution-of-single-chain-variable-fragment-scfv-against-atherothrombotic-oxidized-ldl-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-i-complexes-into-atherosclerotic-plaques-of-whhl-rabbits-implication-for-clinical-pet-imaging
#8
REVIEW
Takanori Sasaki, Kazuko Kobayashi, Shoichi Kita, Kazuo Kojima, Hiroyuki Hirano, Lianhua Shen, Fumiaki Takenaka, Hiromi Kumon, Eiji Matsuura
BACKGROUND: Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) can exist as a complex with β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) in plasma/serum of patients with non-autoimmune atherosclerotic disease or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Nonetheless, direct in vivo evidence supporting the pathophysiological involvement of oxLDL/β2GPI complexes and specific autoantibody against the complexes in developing atherothrombosis has yet been established. In the present study, we demonstrated in vivo distribution of single chain variable fragment of IgG anti-oxLDL/β2GPI complexes (3H3-scFv) in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits by PET/CT imaging...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988433/igg4-related-disease-evidence-from-six-recent-cohorts
#9
REVIEW
Fernando Martínez-Valle, Andreu Fernández-Codina, Iago Pinal-Fernández, Olimpia Orozco-Gálvez, Miquel Vilardell-Tarrés
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare autoimmune fibrosing disorder. In this review we aim to describe and compare the characteristics of the six largest IgG4-RD cohorts, since the new 2012 consensus diagnostic criteria were released. These observational studies were published between 2012 and 2015. Patients were included using the comprehensive diagnostic criteria or the 2012 consensus criteria. Results were reviewed and summarized. Most patients were middle aged men. Fibro-inflammatory masses developed in virtually all organs except the brain, with an unexplained preference for salivary glands, lymph nodes and pancreas...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988432/tlrs-future-potential-therapeutic-targets-for-ra
#10
REVIEW
Hatem A Elshabrawy, Abdul E Essani, Zoltán Szekanecz, David A Fox, Shiva Shahrara
Toll like receptors (TLR)s have a central role in regulating innate immunity and in the last decade studies have begun to reveal their significance in potentiating autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Earlier investigations have highlighted the importance of TLR2 and TLR4 function in RA pathogenesis. In this review, we discuss the newer data that indicate roles for TLR5 and TLR7 in RA and its preclinical models. We evaluate the pathogenicity of TLRs in RA myeloid cells, synovial tissue fibroblasts, T cells, osteoclast progenitor cells and endothelial cells...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988431/clinical-utility-of-circulating-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-subunits-nr2a-b-antibody-for-the-diagnosis-of-neuropsychiatric-syndromes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-an-updated-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Sen Hee Tay, Anna-Marie Fairhurst, Anselm Mak
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Neuropsychiatric (NP) events are found in patients with rheumatic diseases, commonly in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The standard nomenclature and case definitions for 19 NPSLE syndromes by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Committee on Research cover a wide range of NP events seen in both SLE and SS. Despite advances in the understanding of SLE and SS, NP syndromes continue to pose diagnostic challenges. Correct attribution of NP events is critical in determining the correct treatment and prognosis...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988430/kinin-receptors-key-regulators-of-autoimmunity
#12
REVIEW
Rafael Cypriano Dutra
The central function of the immune system is to protect the host from environmental agents such as microbes or chemicals, thereby preserving the integrity of the body, and preventing the onset of illness and infection. Moreover, the immune system is constantly challenged to discriminate self vs. non-self and mediate the correct response, a phenomenon called self-tolerance. The failure of mechanisms responsible for self-tolerance and induction of an immune response against components of the self, induces autoimmunity and culminates however, in several autoimmune diseases...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988429/calcineurin-inhibitors-versus-cyclophosphamide-for-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-21-clinical-trials
#13
REVIEW
Ting Ting Qiu, Chao Zhang, Hong Wei Zhao, Jun Wen Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) with cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). METHODS: A literature search was carried out using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and three Chinese databases (WanFang Data, Chongqing VIP and China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from inception through June 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy and safety of CNIs with CTX in IMN patients were included...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988434/anti-ro-ssa-and-anti-la-ssb-antibodies-association-with-mild-lupus-manifestations-in-645-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
REVIEW
Glaucia V Novak, Mariana Marques, Verena Balbi, Natali W S Gormezano, Kátia Kozu, Ana P Sakamoto, Rosa M R Pereira, Maria T Terreri, Claudia S Magalhães, Andressa Guariento, Adriana M E Sallum, Roberto Marini, Virginia Paes Leme Ferriani, Cássia Maria Barbosa, Tânia Caroline Monteiro de Castro, Valéria C Ramos, Eloisa Bonfá, Clovis A Silva
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge there are no studies assessing anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB autoantibodies in a large population of childhood-systemic lupus erythematosus(cSLE) patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter cohort study performed in 10 Pediatric Rheumatology services, São Paulo state, Brazil. Anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) in 645 cSLE patients. RESULTS: Anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies were evidenced in 209/645(32%) and 102/645(16%) of cSLE patients, respectively...
December 14, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915050/hypereosinophilia-with-asthma-and-systemic-non-vasculitic-manifestations-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-or-hypereosinophilic-syndrome
#15
LETTER
Guillaume Lefèvre, Félix Ackermann, Jean-Emmanuel Kahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697608/insight-into-the-role-of-tslp-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Jae Hyon Park, Dong Yeon Jeong, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Michael Eisenhut, Jae Il Shin
Proinflammatory cytokines are thought to modulate pathogeneses of various inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), which has been studied in various allergic diseases such as asthma, atopic dermatitis (AD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), has been less considered to be involved in IBDs. However, mucosal dendritic cells (DCs) induced by various cytokines including TSLP were reported to cause polarization of T cell toward Th2 response, the differentiation of regulatory T-cell (Treg), and secretion of IgA by B cells...
January 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682894/interstitial-lung-disease-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
F Roca, S Dominique, J Schmidt, A Smail, P Duhaut, H Lévesque, I Marie
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been reported in 3 to 11% of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). The aims of this retrospective multicenter study were to: 1) analyze characteristics and outcome of ILD in pSS; and 2) evaluate predictive factors associated with ILD onset and deterioration. Twenty-one of 263 patients with pSS (8%) developed ILD. ILD onset preceded pSS diagnosis (n=5), was concurrently identified in association with pSS (n=6) and developed after pSS onset (n=9). Presenting ILD manifestations were: acute/subacute (n=11) onset of ILD, symptomatic progressive onset of ILD (n=5), and asymptomatic patients exhibiting abnormalities consistent with ILD on PFTs and HRCT-scan (n=5)...
January 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671089/revisiting-the-systemic-vasculitis-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-churg-strauss-a-study-of-157-patients-by-the-groupe-d-etudes-et-de-recherche-sur-les-maladies-orphelines-pulmonaires-and-the-european-respiratory-society-taskforce-on-eosinophilic
#18
Vincent Cottin, Elisabeth Bel, Paolo Bottero, Klaus Dalhoff, Marc Humbert, Romain Lazor, Renato A Sinico, Pasupathy Sivasothy, Michael E Wechsler, Matthieu Groh, Sylvain Marchand-Adam, Chahéra Khouatra, Benoit Wallaert, Camille Taillé, Philippe Delaval, Jacques Cadranel, Philippe Bonniaud, Grégoire Prévot, Sandrine Hirschi, Anne Gondouin, Bertrand Dunogué, Gérard Chatté, Christophe Briault, Christian Pagnoux, David Jayne, Loïc Guillevin, Jean-François Cordier
OBJECTIVE: To guide nosology and classification of patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) based on phenotype and presence or absence of ANCA. METHODS: Organ manifestations and ANCA status were retrospectively analyzed based on the presence or not of predefined definite vasculitis features or surrogates of vasculitis in patients asthma, eosinophilia, and at least one systemic organ manifestation attributable to systemic disease. RESULTS: The study population included 157 patients (mean age 49...
January 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666819/are-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-the-same-disease-the-il-23-il-17-axis-data
#19
REVIEW
Lazaros I Sakkas, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a psoriasis (Ps)-associated inflammatory joint disease that affects peripheral joints, entheses, spine, and eyes. PsA and Ps are likely to be the same disease. PsA develops in nearly 70% of patients with Ps, and the hallmark of the disease is bone erosions and bone formation. Both innate and adaptive immunity appear to contribute to pathogenesis of PsA and Ps. Trauma may be a trigger factor for both PsA and Ps. The same T cell clones were reported to be present in both synovial tissues and skin lesions suggesting that a common antigen drives T cell immune response in the joints and skin lesions of patients with PsA...
January 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666818/the-clinical-relevance-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-i-the-emperor-s-new-clothes
#20
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, M Eric Gershwin
The management of patients with chronic pain is a nearly daily challenge to rheumatologists, neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, pain specialists and indeed a issue in nearly every clinical practice. Among the myriad of causes of pain are often included a unique syndrome, generally referred to as complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS). Unfortunately CRPS I has become a catch all phase and there are serious questions on whether it exists at all; this has led to an extraordinary number of poorly defined diagnostic criteria...
January 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
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