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Autoimmunity Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711579/classification-of-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-phenotypes-and-treatment-based-on-phenotypes
#1
LETTER
İnsu Yılmaz, Murat Türk, Sakine Nazik Bahçecioğlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709761/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-churg-strauss-report-of-26-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Raphaël André, Vincent Cottin, Jean-Luc Saraux, Gilles Blaison, Boris Bienvenu, Pascal Cathebras, Romain Dhote, Aurélie Foucher, Helder Gil, Joëlle Lapoirie, David Launay, Valentine Loustau, François Maurier, Edouard Pertuiset, Thierry Zénone, Jörg Seebach, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Xavier Puéchal, Luc Mouthon, Loïc Guillevin, Benjamin Terrier
BACKGROUND: Although peripheral nervous system involvement is common in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are poorly described. This study aimed to describe CNS involvement in EGPA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective, observational, multicenter study included patients with EGPA and CNS involvement affecting cranial nerves, brain and/or spinal cord. We also undertook a systematic literature review...
July 11, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709760/clinical-and-pathologic-implications-of-extending-the-spectrum-of-maternal-autoantibodies-reactive-with-ribonucleoproteins-associated-with-cutaneous-and-now-cardiac-neonatal-lupus-from-ssa-ro-and-ssb-la-to-u1rnp
#3
REVIEW
Peter M Izmirly, Marc K Halushka, Avi Z Rosenberg, Sean Whelton, Khodayar Rais-Bahrami, Dilip S Nath, Hilary Parton, Robert M Clancy, Sara Rasmussen, Amit Saxena, Jill P Buyon
While the relationship between maternal connective tissue diseases and neonatal rashes was described in the 1960s and congenital heart block in the 1970s, the "culprit" antibody reactivity to the SSA/Ro-SSB/La ribonucleoprotein complex was not identified until the 1980s. However, studies have shown that approximately 10-15% of cases of congenital heart block are not exposed to anti-SSA/Ro-SSB/La. Whether those cases represent a different disease entity or whether another antibody is associated has yet to be determined...
July 11, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705782/biologics-in-myelodysplastic-syndrome-related-systemic-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-diseases-french-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-29-patients
#4
REVIEW
Arsene Mekinian, Guillaume Dervin, Nathanael Lapidus, Jean-Emmanuel Kahn, Louis Terriou, Eric Liozon, Eric Grignano, Jean-Charles Piette, Odile Beyne Rauzy, Vincent Grobost, Pascal Godmer, Jerome Gillard, Julien Rossignol, David Launay, Achille Aouba, Thierry Cardon, Laurence Bouillet, Jonathan Broner, Julien Vinit, Lionel Ades, Fabrice Carrat, Clementine Salvado, Eric Toussirot, Mathilde Versini, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Jean Baptiste Fraison, Philippe Guilpain, Pierre Fenaux, Olivier Fain
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (SIADs) associated with myelodysplastic syndromes are often difficult to treat. Corticosteroids are efficient but only usually at high doses. The use of biologics needs to be specified. METHODS: In a French multicenter retrospective study, we analyzed the efficacy and safety of biologics (tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α] antagonists, tocilizumab, rituximab and anakinra) for SIADs associated with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs)...
July 10, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705781/effects-of-interleukin-17-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#5
REVIEW
Marie Robert, Pierre Miossec
Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death worldwide and account for most of the premature mortality observed in chronic inflammatory diseases. Common mechanisms underlie these two types of disorders, where the contribution of Interleukin (IL)-17A, the founding member of the IL-17 family, is highly suspected. While the local effects of IL-17A in inflammatory disorders have been well described, those on the cardiovascular system remain less studied. This review focuses on the effects of IL-17 on the cardiovascular system both on isolated cells and in vivo...
July 10, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705780/international-consensus-what-else-can-we-do-to-improve-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-strategies-in-patients-affected-by-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases-rheumatoid-arthritis-spondyloarthritides-systemic-sclerosis-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Roberto Giacomelli, Antonella Afeltra, Alessia Alunno, Chiara Baldini, Elena Bartoloni-Bocci, Onorina Berardicurti, Francesco Carubbi, Alberto Cauli, Ricard Cervera, Francesco Ciccia, Paola Cipriani, Fabrizio Conti, Salvatore De Vita, Paola Di Benedetto, Andrea Doria, Alexandros A Drosos, Ennio Giulio Favalli, Saviana Gandolfo, Mariele Gatto, Rosa Daniela Grembiale, Vasiliki Liakouli, Rik Lories, Ennio Lubrano, Claudio Lunardi, Domenico Paolo Emanuele Margiotta, Laura Massaro, Pierluigi Meroni, Antonia Minniti, Luca Navarini, Monica Pendolino, Federico Perosa, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Marcella Prete, Roberta Priori, Francesco Puppo, Luca Quartuccio, Amelia Ruffatti, Piero Ruscitti, Barbara Russo, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Yehuda Shoenfeld, George A Somarakis, Francesca Romana Spinelli, Elisa Tinazzi, Giovanni Triolo, Francesco Ursini, Gabriele Valentini, Guido Valesini, Serena Vettori, Claudio Vitali, Athanasios G Tzioufas
Autoimmune diseases are a complex set of diseases characterized by immune system activation and, although many progresses have been done in the last 15 years, several unmet needs in the management of these patients may be still identified. Recently, a panel of international Experts, divided in different working groups according to their clinical and scientific expertise, were asked to identify, debate and formulate a list of key unmet needs within the field of rheumatology, serving as a roadmap for research as well as support for clinicians...
July 10, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705779/autoimmune-aspects-of-psoriasis-heritability-and-autoantigens
#7
REVIEW
Jörg Christoph Prinz
Chronic immune-mediated disorders (IMDs) constitute a major health burden. Understanding IMD pathogenesis is facing two major constraints: Missing heritability explaining familial clustering, and missing autoantigens. Pinpointing IMD risk genes and autoimmune targets, however, is of fundamental importance for developing novel causal therapies. The strongest association of all IMDs is seen with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles. Using psoriasis as an IMD model this article reviews the pathogenic role HLA molecules may have within the polygenic predisposition of IMDs...
July 10, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698095/circulating-cxcl10-is-increased-in-non-segmental-vitiligo-in-presence-or-absence-of-autoimmune-thyroiditis
#8
REVIEW
Silvia Martina Ferrari, Poupak Fallahi, Giulia Santaguida, Camilla Virili, Ilaria Ruffilli, Francesca Ragusa, Marco Centanni, Alessandro Antonelli
Recently the importance of CXCL10 in the pathogenesis of non-segmental vitiligo (NSV) and autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITD) has been shown. No data are present about chemokines CXCL10 (Th1 prototype) and CCL2 (Th2 prototype) circulating levels in NSV patients with/without thyroiditis (AT). Serum CXCL10 and CCL2 have been measured in 50 consecutive NSV patients, in 40 consecutive patients with NSV and AT (NSV+AT), in 50 sex- and age-matched controls without AT (control 1) and in 40 sex- and age-matched patients with AT without NSV (control 2)...
July 8, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698094/biomarkers-of-disease-activity-in-vitiligo-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
R Speeckaert, M Speeckaert, S De Schepper, N van Geel
The pathophysiology of vitiligo is complex although recent research has discovered several markers which are linked to vitiligo and associated with disease activity. Besides providing insights into the driving mechanisms of vitiligo, these findings could reveal potential biomarkers. Activity markers can be used to monitor disease activity in clinical trials and may also be useful in daily practice. The aim of this systematic review was to document which factors have been associated with vitiligo activity in skin and blood...
July 8, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698093/bile-acids-and-intestinal-microbiota-in-autoimmune-cholestatic-liver-diseases
#10
REVIEW
You Li, Ruqi Tang, Patrick S C Leung, M Eric Gershwin, Xiong Ma
Cholestatic liver diseases, including primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), are manifested as an impairment of normal bile flow and excessive accumulation of potentially toxic bile acids. Endogenous bile acids are involved in the pathogenesis and progression of cholestasis. Consequently, chronic cholestasis affects the expression of bile acids transporters and nuclear receptors, and results in liver injury. Several lines of evidence suggest that intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of cholestatic liver diseases by regulating metabolism and immune responses...
July 8, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698092/spasticity-in-multiple-sclerosis-contribution-of-inflammation-autoimmune-mediated-neuronal-damage-and-therapeutic-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Robert Patejdl, Uwe K Zettl
In contrast to other diseases that go along with spasticity (e.g. spinal cord injury), spasticity in chronic autoimmune diseases involving the CNS is complicated by the ongoing damage of neuronal networks that leads to permanent changes in the clinical picture of spasticity. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most frequent autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and spasticity is one of the most disabling symptoms. It occurs in more than 80% MS patients at some point of the disease and is associated with impaired ambulation, pain and the development of contractures...
July 8, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698091/endothelial-cells-from-innocent-bystanders-to-active-participants-in-immune-responses
#12
REVIEW
A Al-Soudi, M H Kaaij, S W Tas
The endothelium is crucially important for the delivery of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body under homeostatic conditions. However, it also contributes to pathology, including the initiation and perpetuation of inflammation. Understanding the function of endothelial cells (ECs) in inflammatory diseases and molecular mechanisms involved may lead to novel approaches to dampen inflammation and restore homeostasis. In this article, we discuss the various functions of ECs in inflammation with a focus on pathological angiogenesis, attraction of immune cells, antigen presentation, immunoregulatory properties and endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT)...
July 8, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694138/does-type-i-interferon-drive-systemic-autoimmunity
#13
REVIEW
Cécile Picard, Alexandre Belot
Type-I interferon (IFN)-mediated immune response involves both innate and adaptive immune system and has a pivotal role in antiviral defence. A complex interplay of intracellular signaling pathways and tight regulatory systems drive the IFN activation. The observation of an aberrant stimulation of this system as a common molecular basis in peculiar inherited autoimmune and autoinflammatory disorders led to the concept of "type I interferonopathies". But the precise genetic dissection of this growing spectrum of diseases adds more and more complexity to the comprehension of this concept and a lot of unsolved questions remain such as how type I IFN can drive systemic inflammation in these clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases...
July 7, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576600/the-role-of-nailfoldcapillaroscopy-in-the-assessment-of-internal-organ-involvement-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-critical-review
#14
REVIEW
Stergios Soulaidopoulos, Eva Triantafyllidou, Alexandros Garyfallos, George D Kitas, Theodoros Dimitroulas
Endothelial dysfunction and microvascular damage constitute the hallmarks of systemic sclerosis (SSc), explaining much of the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of the disease. Nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) is an established method for the assessment of the microvasculature, aiding in distinguishing different types of structural vascular abnormalities. Until recently, NVC was used in the diagnosis of SSc as well as in the assessment and follow-up of peripheral digital vasculopathy. On the top of digital ulcers, internal organ involvement such as myocardial dysfunction, pulmonary vascular and/or parenchymal lung disease characterizes severe SSc imparting a high risk of mortality...
May 30, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572054/targeting-the-programmed-cell-death-1-pathway-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
REVIEW
Sabina Sandigursky, Gregg J Silverman, Adam Mor
Since the introduction of TNF-α inhibitors and other biologic agents, the clinical outcome for many treated rheumatoid arthritis patients has significantly improved. However, there are still a substantial proportion of patients that are intolerant, or have inadequate responses, with current agents that have become the standards of care. While the majority of these agents are designed to affect the inflammatory features of the disease, there are also agents in the clinic that instead target lymphocyte subsets (e...
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572053/auto-antibodies-and-cancer-in-systemic-sclerosis
#16
LETTER
Maaike Boonstra, Tom W J Huizinga, Jeska K de Vries-Bouwstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572052/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-autoimmune-disorders-from-immune-regulatory-processes-to-clinical-implications
#17
REVIEW
Margit Zeher, Gábor Papp, Britt Nakken, Peter Szodoray
Autoimmune diseases are characterized by the development of autoreactive T- and B-cells targeting self-antigens, which eventually can result in chronic and persistent organ damage. The autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) opened new avenues in the treatment of patients with severe, treatment-resistant autoimmune diseases. This paper reviews the immune-regulatory mechanisms behind AHSCT, and also summarizes the experiences of clinical practice related to the therapy in organ-specific and systemic autoimmune diseases...
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572051/late-onset-rasmussen-encephalitis-a-literature-appraisal
#18
REVIEW
Sophie Dupont, Ana Gales, Serge Sammey, Marie Vidailhet, Virginie Lambrecq
Rasmussen Encephalitis (RE) is classically described as a childhood encephalopathy due to a unilateral inflammation of the cerebral cortex with a presumed immune-mediated pathophysiological basis. Unusual variant forms, including adolescent and adult-onset RE have been described but there is still a doubt whether these atypical cases correspond to classical RE patients. To review evidence, a systematic PubMed search was conducted to retrieve papers addressing late onset RE to assess (i) the positivity rate of classical childhood-onset diagnostic criteria for RE in late-onset RE, (ii) the specific clinical and radiological features that could help earlier diagnosis and therapeutic interventions, (iii) the arguments for an autoimmune pathophysiology including (iiia) the association with autoimmune markers or diseases and (iiib) the effects of immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive treatments...
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572050/myocarditis-in-auto-immune-or-auto-inflammatory-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Cloé Comarmond, Patrice Cacoub
Myocarditis is a major cause of heart disease in young patients and a common precursor of heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. Some auto-immune and/or auto-inflammatory diseases may be accompanied by myocarditis, such as sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, myositis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. However, data concerning myocarditis in such auto-immune and/or auto-inflammatory diseases are sparse. New therapeutic strategies should better target the modulation of the immune system, depending on the phase of the disease and the type of underlying auto-immune and/or auto-inflammatory disease...
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572049/autophagy-in-neuroinflammatory-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Sylviane Muller, Susana Brun, Frédérique René, Jérôme de Sèze, Jean-Philippe Loeffler, Hélène Jeltsch-David
Autophagy is a metabolically-central process that is crucial in diverse areas of cell physiology. It ensures a fair balance between life and death molecular and cellular flows, and any disruption in this vital intracellular pathway can have consequences leading to major diseases such as cancer, metabolic and neurodegenerative disorders, and cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Recent pharmacological studies have shown evidence that small molecules and peptides able to activate or inhibit autophagy might be valuable therapeutic agents by down- or up-regulating excessive or defective autophagy, or to modulate normal autophagy to allow other drugs to repair some cell alteration or destroy some cell subsets (e...
May 29, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
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