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Integrative Cancer Therapies

Jung Min Kim, In-Hu Hwang, Ik-Soon Jang, Min Kim, In Seok Bang, Soo Jung Park, Yun-Jo Chung, Jong-Cheon Joo, Min-Goo Lee
Houttuynia cordata Thunb (H cordata), a medicinal plant, has anticancer activity, as it inhibits cell growth and induces cell apoptosis in cancer. However, the potential anti-cancer activity and mechanism of H cordata for human liver cancer cells is not well understood. Recently, we identified hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1A, Forkhead box (FOX)O3, and MEF2A as proapoptotic factors induced by H cordata, suggesting that HIF-1A, FOXO3, and MEF2A contribute to the apoptosis of HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Wang Chun-Guang, Zhong Liang, Liu Yong-L, Shi Xue-Jun, Shi Long-Qin, Zeng Li, Liu Bei-Zhong
The BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor, imatinib mesylate, is the front-line treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia, but the emergence of imatinib resistance has led to the search for alternative drug treatments. There is a pressing need, therefore, to develop and test novel drugs. Natural products including plants, microorganisms, and halobios provide rich resources for discovery of anticancer drugs. In this article, we demonstrate that emodin inhibited the growth of K562 cells harboring BCR-ABL in vitro and in vivo, and induced abundant apoptosis, which was correlated with the inhibition of PETN/PI3K/Akt level and deletion of BCR-ABL...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Meng-Hsien Chuang, Jinghua Tsai Chang, Li-Jin Hsu, Ming-Shiou Jan, Fung-Jou Lu
JC-001 is a Chinese medicine that has been used to treat liver disease; however, its significance in cancer treatment has not been characterized. In this study, we used an immunocompetent tumor model to characterize the antitumor activity of JC-001. A total of 48 Hepa 1-6 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice were randomly grouped into 4 groups and treated with H2O or JC-001 via oral administration. After hepatoma cell lines, including HepG2, Hep3B, SK-Hep-1, and Hepa 1-6, underwent 96 hours of JC-001 treatment, a low cytotoxic effect was observed...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Maja S Sommer, Karen Trier, Jette Vibe-Petersen, Karl B Christensen, Malene Missel, Merete Christensen, Klaus R Larsen, Seppo W Langer, Carsten Hendriksen, Paul F Clementsen, Jesper H Pedersen, Henning Langberg
INTRODUCTION: Surgical resection in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be associated with significant morbidity, functional limitations, and decreased quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to present health-related quality of life (HRQoL) changes over time before and 1 year after surgery in patients with NSCLC participating in a rehabilitation program. METHODS: Forty patients with NSCLC in disease stage I to IIIa, referred for surgical resection at the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery RT, Rigshospitalet, were included in the study...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Li-Long Pan, Xi-Ling Wang, Xiao-Ling Luo, Si-Yu Liu, Peng Xu, Jin-Feng Hu, Xin-Hua Liu
Previously, we have shown that boehmenan, a natural product isolated from the dried stem of Caulis clematidis armandii, exhibits various biological activities. The current study investigated the effects of boehmenan on the growth of human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. Cell viability and 50% inhibiting concentration (IC50) were assessed by CellTiter-Glo luminescent cell viability assay. Cell cycle arrest was measured by flow cytometry. Intracellular reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) collapse were analyzed by a fluorescence spectrophotometer...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Carolin C Hack, Peter A Fasching, Tanja Fehm, Johann de Waal, Mahdi Rezai, Bernd Baier, Gerold Baake, Hans-Christian Kolberg, Martin Guggenberger, Mathias Warm, Nadia Harbeck, Rachel Wuerstlein, Jörg-Uwe Deuker, Peter Dall, Barbara Richter, Grischa Wachsmann, Cosima Brucker, Jan W Siebers, Nikos Fersis, Thomas Kuhn, Christopher Wolf, Hans-Walter Vollert, Georg-Peter Breitbach, Wolfgang Janni, Robert Landthaler, Andreas Kohls, Daniela Rezek, Thomas Noesslet, Gunnar Fischer, Stefan Henschen, Thomas Praetz, Volker Heyl, Thorsten Kühn, Thomas Krauss, Christoph Thomssen, Andre Hohn, Hans Tesch, Christoph Mundhenke, Alexander Hein, Claudia Rauh, Christian M Bayer, Adib Jacob, Katja Schmidt, Erik Belleville, Peyman Hadji, Sara Y Brucker, Diethelm Wallwiener, Sherko Kümmel, Matthias W Beckmann, Daniela Paepke
Background Breast cancer patients often use complementary and alternative medicine, but few prospectively collected data on the topic are available specifically for postmenopausal breast cancer patients. A large prospective study was therefore conducted within a noninterventional study in order to identify the characteristics of patients interested in integrative medicine. Methods The EvAluate-TM study is a prospective, multicenter noninterventional study in which treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole was evaluated in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive primary breast cancer...
September 14, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Alexander R Lucas, Brian C Focht, David E Cohn, Janet Buckworth, Maryanna D Klatt
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) to address self-regulation and lifestyle behaviors (diet, physical activity) may benefit endometrial cancer survivors (ECS), who are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality associated with obesity. However, the acceptability of mindfulness training and whether it can augment behavior change in ECS is unknown. We aimed to examine; 1) the feasibility of the Mindfulness in Motion + Diet (MIM+D) intervention and 2) the preliminary efficacy of MIM+D for improving mindfulness, diet, PA and health-related quality of life (HRQL)...
September 14, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Favil Singh, Robert U Newton, Michael K Baker, Nigel A Spry, Dennis R Taaffe, Jeffery Thavaseelan, Daniel A Galvão
BACKGROUND: Prostatectomy is associated with short- and long-term morbidity, which includes attenuation of muscle function and deterioration of lean body mass. Physical function is a known predictor of morbidity and mortality, with initial evidence indicating that presurgical exercise is associated with fewer postsurgical complications and shorter hospitalization. The aim was to determine the feasibility of a supervised presurgical exercise program for prostate cancer (PCa) patients scheduled for prostatectomy...
September 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Gudrun E Klein, Corina Guethlin
BACKGROUND: Among cancer care providers (CCPs), lack of knowledge constitutes an important barrier to the discussion of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use with patients. This study assessed CCPs' needs and preferences regarding CAM information and training (I&T). METHODS: An online survey was completed by 209 general practitioners, 437 medical specialists, 159 oncology nurses and medical assistants, and 244 psychologists and social workers engaged in cancer care...
September 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Cheng-Cheng Wang, Jia-Rui Yuan, Chun-Fei Wang, Nan Yang, Juan Chen, Dan Liu, Jie Song, Liang Feng, Xiao-Bin Tan, Xiao-Bin Jia
BACKGROUND: Phyllanthus emblica L (PEL), a well-known medical plant, has been used in Asian countries for a long time. Increasing evidence suggests that it can prevent the tumorigenesis of cancer associated with nonresolving inflammation. However, the possible anti-inflammatory mechanism responsible for preventing tumorigenesis of precancerous lung lesions is not well elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male A/J mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 10 mice in each group: (1) blank group (saline), (2) benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] group, (3) and (4) B(a)P + PEL (5 g/kg/d, 10 g/kg/d, administered by gavage), (5) B(a)P + celecoxib (30 mg/kg/d, administered by gavage)...
August 24, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Tae-Young Choi, Jong In Kim, Hyun-Ja Lim, Myeong Soo Lee
Background Insomnia is a prominent complaint of cancer patients that can significantly affect their quality of life and symptoms related to sleep quality. Conventional drug approaches have a low rate of success in alleviating those suffering insomnia. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of acupuncture in the management of cancer-related insomnia. Methods A total of 12 databases were searched from their inception through January 2016 without language restriction. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs were included if acupuncture was used as the sole intervention or as an adjunct to another standard treatment for any cancer-related insomnia...
August 16, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Tom Fleischer, Tung-Ti Chang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Mao-Feng Sun, Hung-Rong Yen
Purpose Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most deadly subtype of leukemia, and many patients with this disease seek other complementary therapies, one of which is Chinese medicine. We set out to provide reliable data regarding the benefit of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for AML patients, using mortality as the main outcome measure. We also characterized the herbal prescriptions of patients. Methods Using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database, we performed a nationwide population-based cohort study among AML patients from 1997 to 2010...
August 16, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Ding Xia, Weiwei Lou, Kar-Ming Fung, Cole L Wolley, Mahmoud M Suhail, Hsueh-Kung Lin
A 52-year-old Hispanic male presented with hematuria and was later diagnosed with a large invasive high-grade urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the urinary bladder, but with ambiguous pT1/pT2 staging regarding musclaris propria invasion by UCC. The conventional treatment including radical cystoprostatectomy followed by neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy was presented. The patient decided to delay the standard therapy until a later stage, but elected to go through transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) without Bacillus Calmette-Guérin instillation...
August 16, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Keith I Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Walter Lemmo
A 66-year-old patient presented with acute recurrent metastatic estrogen and progesterone receptor-positive, Her-2/neu-negative breast cancer, bone lesions (lumbar spine, pelvis), pulmonary nodules, hepatic metastasis, elevated cancer antigen 15 and liver enzymes, dyspepsia, and diarrhea. The patient had been taking raloxifene for approximately 8 years. After discontinuation, clinical parameters and symptoms improved rapidly without oncological therapy or other forms of treatment. Three months after raloxifene discontinuation, capecitabine was initiated by the treating oncologist who deemed an anti-estrogen withdrawal effect (AEWE) implausible...
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
V Craig Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Michael McCulloch, Helen Ly, Michael Broffman, Caylie See, Jen Clemons, Raymond Chang
Background Chinese herbal medicines reportedly increase efficacy and minimize toxicity of chemotherapy; however, little attention has been paid to how poor study quality can bias outcomes. Methods We systematically searched MEDLINE, TCMLARS, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials of Chinese herbal medicines combined with fluorouracil-based chemotherapy compared with the same chemotherapy alone. We screened for eligibility, extracted data, and pooled data with random-effects meta-analysis...
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Caroline Diorio, Amanda Celis Ekstrand, Tanya Hesser, Cathy O'Sullivan, Michelle Lee, Tal Schechter, Lillian Sung
Purpose Fatigue is an important problem in children receiving intensive chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Exercise may be an effective intervention for fatigue. Individualized yoga represents an ideal intervention because it can be tailored according to an individual child's needs. Little is known about how to structure a standardized yoga program for intensivelytreated children. Therefore, this study describes the development of a yoga program and an approach to monitoring sessions suitable for hospitalized children receiving intensive chemotherapy or HSCT...
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Joshua Bauml, Andrew Haas, Charles B Simone, Susan Q Li, Roger B Cohen, Corey J Langer, Jun J Mao
PURPOSE: Dyspnea is a common and distressing symptom for patients with lung cancer (LC) because of disease burden, therapy toxicity, and comorbid illnesses. Acupuncture is a centuries-old therapy with biological plausibility for relief of dyspnea in this setting. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of acupuncture for dyspnea among patients with LC. METHODS: Eligible patients had a diagnosis of LC and clinically significant dyspnea without a clear organic cause...
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Chelsea G Ratcliff, Kathrin Milbury, Kavita D Chandwani, Alejandro Chaoul, George Perkins, Raghuram Nagarathna, Robin Haddad, Hongasandra Ramarao Nagendra, N V Raghuram, Amy Spelman, Banu Arun, Qi Wei, Lorenzo Cohen
Hypothesis This study examines moderators and mediators of a yoga intervention targeting quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes in women with breast cancer receiving radiotherapy.Methods Women undergoing 6 weeks of radiotherapy were randomized to a yoga (YG; n = 53) or stretching (ST; n = 56) intervention or a waitlist control group (WL; n = 54). Depressive symptoms and sleep disturbances were measured at baseline. Mediator (posttraumatic stress symptoms, benefit finding, and cortisol slope) and outcome (36-item Short Form [SF]-36 mental and physical component scales [MCS and PCS]) variables were assessed at baseline, end-of-treatment, and 1-, 3-, and 6-months posttreatment...
September 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
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