Read by QxMD icon Read


Suzanne M Aberdeen, Graeme Byrne
The incidence of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in residential aged care facilities is high. Effective team work and knowledgeable staff are cited as important facilitators of appropriate care responses to clients with these symptoms, but to achieve this within a resource-poor workplace can be challenging. In the study reported in this paper, concept mapping was trialled to enhance multifocal person-centred assessment and care planning as well as team learning. The outcomes of team concept mapping were evaluated using a quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-testing in 11 selected Australian residential aged care facilities , including two control residential aged care facilities , over a nine-month period...
April 2018: Dementia
Jo Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Dementia
Shibley Rahman, Kate Swaffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Dementia
Valerie T Cotter, Elizabeth W Gonzalez, Kathleen Fisher, Kathy C Richards
Background People in the early stages of dementia adjust to the illness through stages of awareness, coping, and evaluation. Studies have found that hope, social support, and self-esteem facilitate coping, adjustment, and adaptation in chronic illness. Objective The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the relationships between hope, social support, and self-esteem in individuals with early stage dementia. Methods Data were obtained from 53 individuals with early stage dementia. The scores on the Herth Hope Index, Social Support Questionnaire Short-Form, and the State Self-Esteem Scale were analyzed using linear regression...
February 2018: Dementia
Sweta Tewary, Nicole Cook, Naushira Pandya, Susan M McCurry
The purpose of the pilot program was to examine the adaptability and feasibility of a modified group-delivery sleep education program (NITE-AD) designed to reduce nocturnal disturbances in community-dwelling older adults with dementia. We recruited seven caregivers of persons with dementia from two adult day care centers in South Florida into a six-week group program at adult day care centers. A trained sleep educator taught caregivers about the impact of aging and dementia on sleep and how non-pharmacological interventions such as increasing light, regular exercise, and sleep hygiene strategies can improve sleep in persons with dementia...
February 2018: Dementia
Melanie Elliott, Paula Gardner
The number of people around the world living with dementia is predicted to rise from 44 million to 135 million by 2050. Traditional treatments for dementia have been largely unsuccessful and prompted the emergence of alternative strategies. Music is emerging as an effective therapeutic strategy for older adults with dementia however, most of the work to date has focused on institutions. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize what is known about the role and impact that music plays in the lives of community-dwelling older adults with dementia...
February 2018: Dementia
Deborah Koder
Psychosocial approaches to the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia have received much support in the scientific literature. The following paper focuses on cognitive behaviour therapy as a valid framework in assessing and treating people with behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. The importance of identifying symptoms of depression and anxiety is emphasized, as cognitive behaviour therapy has been shown to be an effective intervention for these conditions in older adults...
February 2018: Dementia
Simon C Evans, Karen Harrison-Dening, Kate Read
There are approximately 150 Admiral Nurses in the UK who work alongside other health and social care professionals to support people with dementia and their family carers. However, the stigma of the disease and the lack of recognition that dementia is a life limiting illness have led to neglect in addressing the end of life challenges. The small in-depth study reported here aimed to add to an extremely limited formal evidence base for the effectiveness of this approach and to develop a greater understanding of the range of knowledge and skills required of them in ensuring they are better able to support families in the later stages of the illness...
February 2018: Dementia
Pat Sikes, Mel Hall
This research used auto/biographical interviews to explore the experiences of 19, 8 to 31 year olds who had a parent with dementia. Thematic analysis revealed challenges occasioned by the master narrative that people with dementia are 'still' the same person they were prior to the onset of their condition. While this notion is - rightly - at the heart of person-centered care in dementia services, the 'still' discourse conflicts with the experiences of young people. Their accounts suggest that the construction of their parent as the same person is not helpful and that, furthermore, expectations that they will behave and feel towards that parent as they did before are a source of distress in what is already a challenging situation...
February 2018: Dementia
Nuriye Kupeli, Gerard Leavey, Jane Harrington, Kathryn Lord, Michael King, Irwin Nazareth, Kirsten Moore, Elizabeth L Sampson, Louise Jones
People with advanced dementia are frequently bed-bound, doubly incontinent and able to speak only a few words. Many reside in care homes and may often have complex needs requiring efficient and timely response by knowledgeable and compassionate staff. The aim of this study is to improve our understanding of health care professionals' attitudes and knowledge of the barriers to integrated care for people with advanced dementia. In-depth, interactive interviews conducted with 14 health care professionals including commissioners, care home managers, nurses and health care assistants in the UK...
February 2018: Dementia
Ali Reza Majlesi, Charlotta Plejert
This study explores how manners of mediation, and the use of embodiment in interpreter-mediated conversation have an impact on tests of cognitive functioning in a dementia evaluation. By a detailed analysis of video recordings, we show how participants-an occupational therapist, an interpreter, and a patient-use embodied practices to make the tasks of a test of cognitive functioning intelligible, and how participants collaboratively put the instructions of the tasks into practice. We demonstrate that both instructions and instructed actions-and the whole procedure of accomplishing the tasks-are shaped co-operatively by embodied practices of all three participants involved in the test situation...
February 2018: Dementia
Barbara E Champlin
This article describes the lived experience of informal caregivers who accompany loved ones as the loved ones receive a diagnosis of dementia. Each of 12 informal caregivers participated in a face-to-face interview that was audiotaped and transcribed. Analysis of the interview text revealed seven constituents as central to the general structure of this experience: (a) having anticipated the diagnosis; (b) feeling relief; (c) feeling the gravitas of the words; (d) grieving the loss; (e) watching for the patient's reaction; (f) accepting the diagnosis and taking action; and (g) committing to care...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Sanda Umar Ismail, Richard Cheston, Gary Christopher, Jane Meyrick
Objective This review systematically examines evidence relating to the effect of nostalgia on psychological well-being through a meta-analysis of measures of social connectedness, self-esteem, meaning in life, self-continuity, optimism and positive and negative affect. RATIONALE: If nostalgia is to be used as a clinical intervention to boost well-being in dementia by reducing threat, then it is important to assess its therapeutic potential. Results Searches carried out in July 2014 and updated in February 2018 identified 47 eligible experimental studies comparing nostalgic reminiscence and non-nostalgic reminiscence to be included in the meta-analysis...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Laura Dempsey, Maura Dowling, Philip Larkin, Kathy Murphy
Background It is widely reported that carers who provide care for a family member with dementia endure physical and psychological burdens. Not only do they fulfil an important role for the person with dementia but also for the wider society. This study aims to explore the experiences of carers who provide end-of-life care for a person with late-stage dementia at home. Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 current carers and 6 past carers of a family member with late-stage dementia. Data was analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Sahar Mohabbat Bahar, Imanollah Bigdeli
Introduction Dementia is considered as a serious threat for over 65years old population, because of its high prevalence rates. Dementia with a complex and multifaceted nature has negative effects on patients, family members, and their caregivers' psychological health and socioeconomic status. The current qualitative study is designed to investigate the stigma phenomenon to dementia in Iranian population. Methods This qualitative research was conducted by the descriptive phenomenological method. In order to analyze the data, the Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenological method was used...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Wilson Abreu, Debbie Tolson, Graham A Jackson, Nilza Costa
Psychological health of caregivers of people with dementia is a major public concern. This study sought to determine the relationship between caregiver burden, psychological distress, frailty and functional dependency of a relative with advanced dementia. Persons with dementia and their caregivers (102 dyads) participated in this Portuguese community based cross-sectional study. Data were collected using the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Zarit Burden Interview, the Brief Symptoms Inventory and the Edmonton Frail Scale...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Paul M Camic, Hannah Zeilig, Sebastian Crutch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Shelley E Canning, Michael Gaetz, Darren Blakeborough
Individuals living in long-term residential care homes are often viewed through a negative lens. These residents have increasingly complex care needs, and their functional, communication and cognitive challenges can support conceptualizations of difference and disability perpetuating negative stereotypes of age and dementia. However, engaging in meaningful activities and relationships with older adults, including those with dementia, has been shown to promote positive attitudes. Specifically, intergenerational programming that provides opportunities for meaningful engagement between children and older adults has been shown to support positive emotional experiences through socializing and building relationships...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Erin Yelland, M Hunter Stanfield
Background and objectives Sexual expression is an essential component of older adults' quality of life, including those with lower cognitive functioning. Issues have been raised with long-term care facility policies related to aspects of staff intervention, permissibility of degree of intimacy, and how involved partners of residents with cognitive decline may be in decision-making processes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a multiple segment factorial vignette to explore the attitudes of the public toward a dementia-caused non-spousal sexual relationship in a long-term care facility...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Judith G Huis In Het Veld, Renate Verkaik, Berno van Meijel, Anneke L Francke
Self-management support for people with dementia is important to help them and their family caregivers to cope with challenges in daily live. Insight into the effects of self-management support interventions on people with dementia is however lacking, despite existing relevant systematic reviews. We therefore conducted a meta-review of relevant systematic reviews, following the PRISMA statement. Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Embase and PsycINFO. The searches were done in December 2015, and all relevant references until then were taken into consideration...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"