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Dementia

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968511/editorial-innovative-practice
#1
Jo Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968510/family-caregivers-reports-of-hospitalizations-and-emergency-department-visits-in-community-dwelling-individuals-with-dementia
#2
Megan Benner, Victoria Steiner, Linda L Pierce
Individuals with dementia in the United States have higher rates of hospitalizations and emergency department visits compared to those without. This descriptive study examined the frequency of hospitalizations and emergency department visits among community-dwelling individuals with dementia, reasons for hospitalizations and emergency department visits, and caregivers' actions to prevent these events. Family caregivers ( n = 63) from education/support groups offered through Alzheimer's Association chapters in western Ohio completed a survey...
July 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165984/how-do-lesbian-and-gay-people-experience-dementia
#3
James McParland, Paul M Camic
Introduction The subjective experience of dementia for lesbian and gay individuals is largely absent from the extant literature. This study aimed to explore what it means to experience dementia in this context given the documented psychosocial influences facing this population. A second aim was to develop understanding of these experiences within dyadic relationships. Method Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted with lesbian and gay individuals with dementia and people with whom they had a significant relationship and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
May 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165983/end-of-life-decision-making-for-persons-with-dementia-proxies-perception-of-support
#4
Hyunjin Noh, Jung Kwak
Healthcare proxies need support in making end-of-life decisions for persons with dementia (PWD). This study explored perceptions of support in decision making among proxies of PWD through semi-structured interviews with 20 proxies. Thematic analysis identified three sources of support: family, doctors, and religiosity/spirituality. Family's engagement in care discussions and support for proxies' decisions were viewed helpful while disagreement or criticism, combined with lack of knowledge about PWD's condition and needs, were not...
May 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154964/exploring-experience-and-perspectives-of-foreign-born-direct-care-workers-in-dementia-care-accounts-of-korean-american-personal-care-aides-caring-for-older-korean-americans-with-dementia-symptoms
#5
Sang E Lee, Banghwa Lee Casado, Michin Hong
This focus group study explored experience of Korean American personal care aides caring for older Korean Americans with dementia symptoms. Personal care aides described dementia caregiving as challenging, demanding and stressful, yet they cared for their clients with love and affection, particularly with jeong (i.e., a Korean cultural concept of love, affection, sympathy, and bondage). They learned about dementia mostly through their caregiving experience and expressed their need and strong desire to learn more about dementia...
May 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154963/new-relationships-and-intimacy-in-long-term-care-the-views-of-relatives-of-residents-with-dementia-and-care-home-staff
#6
Esther Wiskerke, Jill Manthorpe
Background There is limited research on what family members and frontline care home staff consider to be the best responses to the sexual expression of a person with dementia, whilst at the same time respecting relatives' feelings, managing their possible distress and conflict. Methods This exploratory study investigated the views of relatives and care workers of new relationships or sexual intimacy between care home residents with dementia, whilst still married to another person. It reports the themes that emerged in qualitative interviews with eight relatives of people with dementia and with 12 frontline care home staff working in two English care homes...
May 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060108/the-ravel-issue-and-possible-implications
#7
Athanasia Alexoudi, Damianos Sakas, Stylianos Gatzonis
Current research has noted that auditory stimuli via rhythmic cues can enhance speech in patients with basal ganglia lesions. The contribution of basal ganglia function in music perception and performance is a matter of discussion. The French composer Maurice Ravel suffered from a progressive degenerative cerebral disease of uncertain etiology, probably primary progressive aphasia. Based on the case of the famous composer, we present the hypothesis that the fact he adopted different uses of timbre could be attributed to the altered basal ganglia function during the disease evolution...
May 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635939/concept-mapping-to-improve-team-work-team-learning-and-care-of-the-person-with-dementia-and-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms
#8
Suzanne M Aberdeen, Graeme Byrne
The incidence of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in residential aged care facilities is high. Effective team work and knowledgeable staff are cited as important facilitators of appropriate care responses to clients with these symptoms, but to achieve this within a resource-poor workplace can be challenging. In the study reported in this paper, concept mapping was trialled to enhance multifocal person-centred assessment and care planning as well as team learning. The outcomes of team concept mapping were evaluated using a quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-testing in 11 selected Australian residential aged care facilities , including two control residential aged care facilities , over a nine-month period...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745074/dementia-looming
#9
Lisette Oliemeulen
Background I, the 45-year-old scientist, the PhD, the sublime researcher, now subject to dementia? I felt confused, very ashamed and told no one, until they found out. I suffer from brain atrophy, associated with multiple sclerosis I am suffering from for years. My cognitive impairment is the result of my shrinking brain! Objectives With my personal view 'Dementia Looming!', I hope to contribute to and support healthcare professionals and scientists in understanding the meaning of dementia. Although not scientific, my paper gives a unique behind-the-scenes view into what it means to experience dementia symptoms...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231398/in-their-own-words-the-experience-and-needs-of-children-in-younger-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias-families
#10
Caroline Rosenthal Gelman, Kate Rhames
Because of the age of persons diagnosed with younger-onset Alzheimer's disease or other dementias (YOD), an important and as yet relatively little explored area of YOD, particularly in the United States, is the impact on young children of having a parent with YOD. After reviewing the small but growing research in this area, we report on findings from 12 in-depth interviews with children and well-parents in families with a parent with YOD on the experience and needs of children having a parent with this diagnosis...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178999/concepts-for-communication-about-risk-in-dementia-care-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Mabel Stevenson, Michelle E McDowell, Brian J Taylor
Communication about risk is central to decisions in dementia care. This review synthesises research on risk concepts and communication in dementia. Twelve bibliographic databases and one online search engine were searched up to February 2016. Reference lists of two related literature reviews were used. Thirty-four articles were identified that focused on risk concepts; two articles related to risk communication. Concepts were often socially constructed, and perceptions may differ from actual adverse outcomes...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094602/caring-in-the-wake-of-the-rising-tide-moral-distress-in-residential-nursing-care-of-people-living-with-dementia
#12
Em M Pijl-Zieber, Olu Awosoga, Shannon Spenceley, Brad Hagen, Barry Hall, Janet Lapins
Objective Moral distress is increasingly being recognized as a concern for health care professionals. The purpose of this study was to explore the nature and prevalence of moral distress among nursing staff who care for people living with dementia. Methods This study was focused on nursing staff caring for people with dementia in long-term care and assisted living sites. The Moral Distress in Dementia Care Survey instrument was distributed to 23 sites and nursing staff rated the frequency and severity of situations that were identified as potentially causing moral distress...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083202/remodem-delivering-support-for-people-with-dementia-in-remote-areas
#13
Alison Bowes, Alison Dawson, Louise McCabe
RemoDem aimed to develop, test and evaluate services for people with dementia in remote areas of the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Sweden and Scotland. Formative and summative evaluation used a flexible research design including collection of baseline data, interviews and focus groups with key informants and data relating to service users, i.e. people with dementia and their carers. Challenges for service providers included organisational difficulties, lack of clear information about their populations with dementia and lack of knowledge in local communities...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013520/quantifying-the-benefits-of-peer-support-for-people-with-dementia-a-social-return-on-investment-sroi-study
#14
Elizabeth Willis, Amy C Semple, Hugo de Waal
Objective Peer support for people with dementia and carers is routinely advocated in national strategies and policy as a post-diagnostic intervention. However there is limited evidence to demonstrate the value these groups offer. This study looked at three dementia peer support groups in South London to evaluate what outcomes they produce and how much social value they create in relation to the cost of investment. Methods A Social Return on Investment (SROI) analysis was undertaken, which involves collecting data on the inputs, outputs and outcomes of an intervention, which are put into a formula, the end result being a SROI ratio showing how much social value is created per £1 of investment...
April 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400096/editorial-innovative-practice
#15
EDITORIAL
Jo Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299934/assets-based-approaches-and-dementia-friendly-communities
#16
EDITORIAL
Shibley Rahman, Kate Swaffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164906/influence-of-hope-social-support-and-self-esteem-in-early-stage-dementia
#17
Valerie T Cotter, Elizabeth W Gonzalez, Kathleen Fisher, Kathy C Richards
Background People in the early stages of dementia adjust to the illness through stages of awareness, coping, and evaluation. Studies have found that hope, social support, and self-esteem facilitate coping, adjustment, and adaptation in chronic illness. Objective The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the relationships between hope, social support, and self-esteem in individuals with early stage dementia. Methods Data were obtained from 53 individuals with early stage dementia. The scores on the Herth Hope Index, Social Support Questionnaire Short-Form, and the State Self-Esteem Scale were analyzed using linear regression...
February 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048545/pilot-test-of-a-six-week-group-delivery-caregiver-training-program-to-reduce-sleep-disturbances-among-older-adults-with-dementia-innovative-practice
#18
Sweta Tewary, Nicole Cook, Naushira Pandya, Susan M McCurry
The purpose of the pilot program was to examine the adaptability and feasibility of a modified group-delivery sleep education program (NITE-AD) designed to reduce nocturnal disturbances in community-dwelling older adults with dementia. We recruited seven caregivers of persons with dementia from two adult day care centers in South Florida into a six-week group program at adult day care centers. A trained sleep educator taught caregivers about the impact of aging and dementia on sleep and how non-pharmacological interventions such as increasing light, regular exercise, and sleep hygiene strategies can improve sleep in persons with dementia...
February 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993049/the-role-of-music-in-the-lives-of-older-adults-with-dementia-ageing-in-place-a-scoping-review
#19
Melanie Elliott, Paula Gardner
The number of people around the world living with dementia is predicted to rise from 44 million to 135 million by 2050. Traditional treatments for dementia have been largely unsuccessful and prompted the emergence of alternative strategies. Music is emerging as an effective therapeutic strategy for older adults with dementia however, most of the work to date has focused on institutions. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize what is known about the role and impact that music plays in the lives of community-dwelling older adults with dementia...
February 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984130/the-use-of-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-in-the-management-of-bpsd-in-dementia-innovative-practice
#20
Deborah Koder
Psychosocial approaches to the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia have received much support in the scientific literature. The following paper focuses on cognitive behaviour therapy as a valid framework in assessing and treating people with behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. The importance of identifying symptoms of depression and anxiety is emphasized, as cognitive behaviour therapy has been shown to be an effective intervention for these conditions in older adults...
February 2018: Dementia
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