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Alicia Diaz-Gil, Joanne Brooke, Olga Kozlowska, Sarah Pendlebury, Debra Jackson
The care of people with dementia within the hospital setting is challenging for healthcare professionals. Hospital design and services are not optimized for people with dementia, owing to the lack of preparation of healthcare professionals and the busy environment of the acute hospital. The peri-operative environment may present particular difficulties but little is known about the experience and care of people with dementia in this setting. The aim of this review was to examine the care of surgical patients who have dementia and their family members in peri-operative environments and describe strategies adopted by healthcare professionals...
November 12, 2018: Dementia
Jo McAulay, Amy Streater
Cognitive Stimulation Therapy is a 14-session group programme delivered over seven weeks, designed for people in the early to moderate stages of dementia, and typically delivered in a community setting. Less is known about its delivery and usefulness in an inpatient setting. Additional factors that impact on Cognitive Stimulation Therapy delivery in an inpatient setting included length of hospital stay, additional support needs of the patient and pre-group planning. Feedback suggested intermittent Cognitive Stimulation Therapy delivery in practice was a positive experience for both patients and staff...
October 31, 2018: Dementia
Anna Brorsson, Annika Öhman, Stefan Lundberg, Malcolm P Cutchin, Louise Nygård
BACKGROUND: People with dementia who live in ordinary housing need to perform activities outside the home such as visiting friends, talking walks and doing grocery shopping. This article identifies and examines characteristics that may influence accessibility in the space of a grocery shop as perceived by people with dementia. METHODS: This is a qualitative study with a grounded theory approach. The data collection was done with two different methods. It started with photo documentation and continued with focus group interviews in combination with photo elicitation...
October 30, 2018: Dementia
Sahdia Parveen, Nicolas Farina, Saba Shafiq, Laura J Hughes, Alys W Griffiths
The development of dementia friendly communities is a current global and national priority for the UK. As a response to policy, there have been a number of dementia awareness initiatives disseminated with the aim of reducing the stigma associated with a diagnosis of dementia. The inclusion of adolescents in such initiatives is imperative in order to sustain dementia friendly communities. With this in mind, the aim of this study was to establish the dementia education needs of adolescents and effective dissemination strategies to convey key messages...
October 30, 2018: Dementia
Lydia Morris, Warren Mansell, Tracey Williamson, Alison Wray, Phil McEvoy
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the power of integrating three theoretical perspectives (Mentalization Theory, Perceptual Control Theory and the Communicative Impact model), which jointly illuminate the communication challenges and opportunities faced by family carers of people with dementia. To point the way to how this framework informs the design and delivery of carer communication and interaction training. METHOD: Conceptual synthesis based on a narrative review of relevant literature, supported by examples of family carers...
October 28, 2018: Dementia
Joe Enright, Megan E O'Connell, Camille Branger, Andrew Kirk, Debra Morgan
The aim of the current study was to examine the associations between informal caregivers' perception of identity change in their care-partner, the quality of the caregiver/care-recipient relationship, and caregiver burden in a sample of 56 informal caregivers of persons with dementia. Most (96.4%) of the caregivers of persons who received a dementia diagnosis reported a perceived change in the identity of their care-partner. Caregivers' perception of relationship satisfaction was measured with the Burns Relationship Satisfaction Scale for premorbid relationship and current relationship quality, and caregiver burden was measured with the Zarit Burden scale...
October 25, 2018: Dementia
Kevin Charras, Corinne Bébin, Véronique Laulier, Jean-Bernard Mabire, Jean-Pierre Aquino
Conception and construction of nursing homes focuses mostly on architectural design. The cost of gardens and amount of work they require is usually underestimated. This often results in inaccessible, unfit and poorly designed outdoor spaces. This article describes a partnership between three French institutions established in response to the needs of people with cognitive disabilities. This partnership led to three different approaches (scientific, pedagogical and practical) with a common objective to provide dementia-friendly outdoor spaces...
October 25, 2018: Dementia
Janine K Hayward, Kayleigh Marie Nunez, Clive Ballard, Aimee Spector
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and explore feasibility of SettleIN, a staff-led programme about healthy adjustment for people with dementia following care home placement. The main foci were intervention feasibility and the impact of the programme on resident quality of life and mood. METHOD: A manualised intervention developed through consultation with 47 experts was trialled using a mixed-method design. Thirteen new residents with dementia and 24 staff were recruited from six UK care homes...
October 24, 2018: Dementia
Emma Broome, Tom Dening, Justine Schneider
This paper describes two case studies of arts interventions in UK care settings. Visual arts and dance movement interventions were regularly held in two settings. This paper draws on data from qualitative interviews, reflective diary sheets and narrative monitoring reports to examine the content, context, and process of the arts interventions within the care settings. Activity coordinators play a crucial role in the success of arts interventions in care setting through their knowledge and support of residents...
October 24, 2018: Dementia
Karen Harrison Dening, Jaqueline Crowther, Sadaf Adnan
Addressing palliative care needs of people with dementia appropriately, identifying the end-of-life stage, meeting the needs of family carers as well as supporting the preferences and wishes of the person with the diagnosis can all present challenges to generalist health and social care providers. In partnership with Dementia UK and Kirkwood Hospice in West Yorkshire embarked upon a two-year pilot to introduce the first end-of-life care Admiral Nurse to their Specialist Community Palliative Care Team to identify and support people with dementia who required palliative and end-of-life care...
October 22, 2018: Dementia
Tina Junge, Hans Kromann Knudsen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Elderly people with dementia are known to be less physically active compared with elderly, healthy people, emphasizing the need for interventions in order to maintain a high level of independence in activities of daily living. The aim was to evaluate the effect of long-term, group-based rehabilitation including physical activity on physical performance in elderly, community-dwelling people with mild to moderate dementia. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study of 18 elderly, community-dwelling people, diagnosed with mild to moderate dementia, participated in an ongoing rehabilitation programme based on integrated physical, cognitive and social activities...
October 22, 2018: Dementia
Helen Hickman, Chris Clarke, Emma Wolverson
Humour is a complex social and emotional experience which could constitute a positive resource for people endeavouring to live well with dementia. However, little is currently known about the shared use and value of humour in dyads where one person has dementia. The purpose of this study was therefore to explore how people with dementia and their care-partners experience, use and draw meaning from humour in relation to their shared experiences of dementia and their ongoing relationships. Ten participant dyads (the person with dementia and their spousal partner) took part in joint semi-structured interviews...
October 18, 2018: Dementia
John Keady, Phyllis Penny Braudy Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: Dementia
Jill-Marit Moholt, Oddgeir Friborg, Bodil H Blix, Nils Henriksen
Background Family caregivers contribute substantially to the care for older home-dwelling people with dementia, although community healthcare services tend to be underutilized. In this study, we aimed to explore the use and predictors of use of home-based and out-of-home respite care services available to older home-dwelling persons with dementia, as reported by the family caregivers. Method A cross-sectional survey was administered to family caregivers ( n = 430) in Northern Norway during April to November 2016...
October 15, 2018: Dementia
Alan Kane, Carol Murphy, Michelle Kelly
This aim of this study was to assess implicit and self-reported stigma towards people with dementia in young adults with no contact or experience ( n = 23), and in care-workers ( n = 17 professional dementia care-workers). Data were analysed to determine whether stigma was related to self-reported levels of depression, anxiety, stress and professional burnout. Forty participants completed the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure and Dementia Attitudes Scale. The Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to measure depression, anxiety, stress and professional burnout...
October 15, 2018: Dementia
Subitha Baghirathan, Richard Cheston, Rosa Hui, Anndeloris Chacon, Paula Shears, Katie Currie
An estimated 25,000 people of Black, Asian and other Minority Ethnic (BAME) origins live with dementia in UK - a number which is expected to increase sevenfold by 2051. People from many BAME communities experience dementia in a markedly different way to their white British counterparts. For instance diagnosis is more likely to occur at an advanced stage of the illness, while there is a lower take-up of mainstream dementia services. This research study focused on the experiences of caregivers for family and friends living with dementia from South Asian, African Caribbean and Chinese communities in Bristol...
October 14, 2018: Dementia
Ryan Van Patten, Geoffrey Tremont
Background and objectives One method of mitigating global increases in dementia prevalence involves assessing public knowledge and then educating laypeople. We measured knowledge of late-life pathological cognitive decline in a diverse, international sample using a standardized, validated instrument. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed 3619 international respondents recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk with a 44-item dementia knowledge survey and 18 sociodemographic items. Results Results suggested that the following sociodemographic variables are associated with less overall knowledge: young age, male gender, low educational attainment, born in a developing nation, of ethnic minority status, not married, and less prior dementia experience...
October 11, 2018: Dementia
Yan Shi, Fei Sun, Yanqin Liu, Flavio F Marsiglia
Purposes Low socioeconomic status and limited social support may put older residents in subsidized housing at high risk for developing fears of Alzheimer's disease or related dementias. This study examined the perceived threat of Alzheimer's disease or related dementias among older Chinese Americans in subsidized housing facilities in Phoenix, Arizona of the United States, and focused on the effect of cultural beliefs (i.e., beliefs toward Alzheimer's disease or related dementias, and beliefs toward intergenerational support) on the perceived threat of Alzheimer's disease or related dementias...
October 11, 2018: Dementia
Claire E Garabedian, Fiona Kelly
This paper reports on research exploring the effects of music played for 12 dyads: a care home resident ('resident') with dementia and someone closely connected to him/her ('carer'). Six individualised music interventions (3 live and 3 pre-recorded) were played by the first author on solo cello within five Scottish non-NHS care homes. All interventions were video-recorded. Semi-structured interviews with carer participants, key staff, and managers explored their responses to interventions. Thick descriptions of video recordings and interview transcripts were thematically coded using Nvivo...
October 11, 2018: Dementia
Muhammad Hossain, John Crossland, Rebecca Stores, Ann Dewey, Yohai Hakak
Background Despite a growing elderly South Asian population, little is known about the experience of diagnosis and care for those living with dementia. There have been a number of individual qualitative studies exploring the experiences of South Asian people living with dementia and their carers across different contexts. There has also been a growing interest in synthesizing qualitative research to systematically integrate qualitative evidence from multiple studies to tell us more about a topic at a more abstract level than single studies alone...
October 8, 2018: Dementia
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