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Dementia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913595/public-attitudes-towards-people-living-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-japan-innovative-practice
#1
Yoko Aihara, Hisako Kato, Tetsuko Sugiyama, Kuniko Ishi, Yasushi Goto
Stigma and social isolation are major challenges in building dementia friendly communities. Information is a key factor in improving knowledge and attitudes about dementia. This cross-sectional survey aimed to investigate public attitudes towards people with dementia in an urban community in Japan. Nearly 90% of the participants responded that they were able to have a good relationship with a person with dementia and help such a person if needed. However, around half of the participants would be ashamed of a family member with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885069/exploring-family-stigma-among-caregivers-of-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-the-experiences-of-israeli-arab-caregivers
#2
Hanan Abojabel, Perla Werner
Providing care to persons with Alzheimer's disease poses challenges for spouses and adult children, including experiencing stigmatic beliefs towards themselves-i.e., family stigma. Drawing on the frameworks of ethnicity and stigma and ethnicity and dementia, the current study explored stigmatic experiences among Israeli Arab family caregivers of a person with Alzheimer's disease. Three focus groups with 20 caregivers (adult children and spouses) of persons with Alzheimer's disease were conducted. Data were analyzed using theory-led thematic analysis...
November 24, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856694/the-experiences-of-family-caregivers-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-living-in-nursing-homes-with-a-specific-focus-on-spouses-a-narrative-literature-review
#3
Jean Hennings, Katherine Froggatt
Dementia affects individuals, families and their relationships. While there is increasing evidence about the experiences of family caregivers of people with dementia, relatively little is known of their experiences when their relatives are living in nursing homes with dementia. This narrative literature review aimed to synthesise current knowledge about family caregivers' experience of having relatives living in nursing homes with advanced dementia, particularly focussing on community-dwelling spouses. Using a systematic approach, textual narrative synthesis was undertaken...
November 17, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852728/hanging-on-to-some-autonomy-in-decision-making-how-do-spouse-carers-support-this
#4
Deirdre Fetherstonhaugh, Jo-Anne Rayner, Laura Tarzia
In Australia, the majority of people with dementia live in the community with informal care provided by family, commonly a spouse. A diagnosis of dementia is a threat to one's personhood and is often accompanied by perceptions of future dependency, which will involve the inability to carry out conventional roles and complete everyday tasks including making decisions. Being able to make decisions, however, is part of being a 'person' and it is through relationships that personhood is defined and constructed...
November 16, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821714/end-of-life-care-a-scoping-review-of-experiences-of-advance-care-planning-for-people-with-dementia
#5
Kerry Jones, Giles Birchley, Richard Huxtable, Linda Clare, Tony Walter, Jeremy Dixon
Despite increasing attention given to dementia by international governments and policy makers, the focus of end of life care has been on the dying trajectory of malignant disease. People with severe dementia have complex physical and psychological needs, yet the disease is not always recognised as terminal. Advance Care Planning involving people with dementia and their families can provide opportunities to discuss and later, initiate timely palliative care.We conducted a scoping review of studies exploring decisions associated with the EoLC of people with dementia...
November 7, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811017/know-me-a-new-person-centered-approach-for-dementia-friendly-emergency-department-care
#6
Belinda Parke, Kathleen F Hunter, Mary E Schulz, Lillia Jouanne
A visit to an emergency department can be a disorientating experience for someone with dementia. Empowered caregivers can mitigate harm stemming from communication issues to support a successful emergency department visit. A qualitative study determined the feasibility of the structure, format, and content of eight hospital-readiness communication tools. Data collection involved English and French-language caregiver focus groups in two Canadian provinces. Study findings have the potential to (a) improve safety in emergency care to older people with dementia and their caregivers, and (b) offer cost-effective communication tools for web-based knowledge translation activity in acute care...
November 3, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780860/individuals-with-alzheimer-s-learn-to-play-a-tile-placement-game-results-of-a-pilot-study
#7
Helen B Miltiades, W Gregory Thatcher
With the ongoing need to determine effective memory interventions for persons with dementia and other memory impairments, the purpose of this study was to create a unique learning opportunity, where persons with early to moderate Alzheimer's engaged in game play activity. Six female participants, diagnosed with early to moderate dementia, were recruited from an adult day care center and participated in a 10-week study. The participants were placed in groups of three and were taught a tile placement game. Results indicate playing the game yielded inconsistent, but some significant, increases and eventual plateauing of knowing when it was their turn...
October 25, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771615/-here-everyone-is-the-same-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-participating-in-a-boccia-indoor-bowling-group-innovative-practice
#8
Imogen Ovenden, Tom Dening, Charlotte Beer
This qualitative study explored the impact of a Boccia (modified indoor bowls) group on the lives of people with dementia and their carers. Semi-structured interviews with people with dementia (N = 6), carers (N = 10) and the group organisers (N = 6) analysed using thematic analysis revealed four main themes. 'The struggle of being a carer' was relieved by participating in the group and benefitting from the caring support and social aspects of "This group is a family". "The unique nature of Boccia" helped it to provide physical and mental stimulation as well as being an inclusive and enjoyable group...
October 21, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771614/same-map-different-direction-exploring-new-opportunities-that-dementia-care-mapping%C3%A2-can-offer-to-acute-mental-health-admission-wards-for-older-people-innovative-practice
#9
Sean Page, Ian Davies-Abbott, Mat Phillips
Dementia Care Mapping™ is widely acknowledged as the gold standard observational method that can support the introduction of person centred care into a variety of settings (http://www.bradford.ac.uk/health/dementia/dementia-care-mapping/). It encourages care staff to think about how the person with dementia is experiencing the care provided and the care setting. It has been shown to raise care staff awareness sufficiently to bring about improvements in care. In this paper, we describe a programme of work in North Wales that seeks to find innovative ways to use Dementia Care Mapping™, in acute mental health admission wards for people affected by dementia, and we set out some of those innovations...
October 21, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765896/assistive-technologies-at-home-for-people-with-a-memory-disorder
#10
Laura Nauha, Niina S Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Timo Jämsä, Jarmo Reponen
The aim of this study was to assess in practice whether assistive technologies support and facilitate the work of a family caregiver or care staff, and whether these technologies support the independence of a person with a memory disorder. A comprehensive set of supportive devices and alarm systems were experimentally tested in the care of five test subjects in an assisted living facility by eight nurses, and in the care of four test subjects in a home environment by three family caregivers and one care team...
October 20, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756836/effects-of-a-multicomponent-exercise-program-in-institutionalized-elders-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753612/visioning-change-co-producing-a-model-of-involvement-and-engagement-in-research-innovative-practice
#12
Caroline M Swarbrick, Open Doors, Educate, Katie Davis, John Keady
The involvement of people living with dementia in research has traditionally been located in the realms of 'subject' or 'participant'. However, there has been an increase in demand for greater transparency by academic bidding teams (particularly within the UK) in demonstrating how people with a lived experience have been and will be involved in the research process. Located within the Economic and Social Research Council/National Institute for Health Research (ESRC/NIHR)-funded Neighbourhoods and Dementia Study (2014-2019), led by The University of Manchester (UK), this paper outlines the development of the CO-researcher INvolvement and Engagement in Dementia (COINED) Model, which was co-produced alongside three independent groups of people living with dementia: Open Doors, the Scottish Dementia Working Group and EDUCATE...
October 16, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738110/the-share-program-for-dementia-implementation-of-an-early-stage-dyadic-care-planning-intervention
#13
Silvia Orsulic-Jeras, Carol J Whitlatch, Sarah M Szabo, Evan G Shelton, Justin Johnson
This article describes the implementation of SHARE (Support, Health, Activities, Resources, and Education), a counseling-based care-planning intervention for persons living with early-stage dementia and their family caregivers (CGs). The foundation of SHARE is built upon assessing and documenting the person living with dementia's care values and preferences for future care. Using the SHARE approach, CGs are given an opportunity to achieve an understanding of their loved one's desires before the onset of disease progression when the demand for making care decisions is high...
October 13, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758962/young-onset-dementia-negotiating-future-workplace-roles-and-identities
#14
Pamela Roach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758961/editorial
#15
John Keady, Phyllis 'Penny' Braudy Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758960/progression-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia-in-german-specialist-practices
#16
Jens Bohlken, Louis Jacob, Karel Kostev
The goal of this study was to estimate the rate of the progression of mild cognitive impairment to dementia and identify the potential risk factors in German specialist practices from 2005 to 2015. This study included 4633 patients aged 40 years and over from 203 neuropsychiatric practices, who were initially diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment between 2005 and 2013. The primary outcome was diagnosis of all-cause dementia recorded in the database until the end of the five-year follow-up period. Cox regression models were used to examine mild cognitive impairment progression to dementia when adjusted for confounders (age, sex, and health-insurance type)...
October 7, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758959/the-cognitive-daisy-a-novel-method-for-recognising-the-cognitive-status-of-older-adults-in-residential-care-innovative-practice
#17
John M Hudson, Petra Mj Pollux
The Cognitive Daisy is an innovative assessment system created to provide healthcare staff with an instant snapshot of the cognitive status of older adults in residential care. The Cognitive Daisy comprises a flower head consisting of 15 colour coded petals depicting information about: visual-spatial perception, comprehension, communication, memory and attention. This study confirmed the practicality of the Cognitive Daisy protocol for assessing cognition in a sample of 33 older adults living in residential care and endorsed the use of the Cognitive Daisy as a tool for recognising the cognitive status of care home residents...
October 7, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758958/improving-access-to-a-multi-component-intervention-for-caregivers-and-people-with-dementia
#18
Maarten Milders, Stephen Bell, Angus Lorimer, Heather Jackson, Paul McNamee
Due to the increasing social and economic costs of dementia, there are urgent calls to develop accessible and sustainable care for people with dementia and their caregivers. Multi-component non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs) appear effective in improving or maintaining daily functioning and well-being, but are typically labour-intensive for health care professionals, thus hindering access. The current study aimed to explore the feasibility and acceptability of a novel approach to widen access to NPI by involving caregivers to present part of the intervention and with staff from local support organizations instructed to train the caregivers...
October 6, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758957/an-occupational-perspective-of-the-lived-experience-of-familial-dementia-caregivers-a-thematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#19
Emma K Hooper, Tracy Collins
Dementia caregiving is thought to have a negative impact on health and wellbeing. This critical review of qualitative literature explored the lived experience of familial dementia caregivers from an occupational therapy perspective. The method was informed by systematic review and qualitative research methodologies and was structured within the occupational dimensions framework of doing-being-becoming-belonging. A comprehensive search of major databases was undertaken which identified 484 studies on the topic; 14 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review...
October 6, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758956/using-appreciative-inquiry-to-implement-person-centred-dementia-care-in-hospital-wards
#20
Anthony Scerri, Anthea Innes, Charles Scerri
The quality of care of persons with dementia in hospitals is not optimal and can be challenging. Moreover, staff may find difficulty in translating what they have learned during training into practice. This paper report the development and evaluation of a set of workshops using an appreciative inquiry approach to implement person-centred dementia care in two hospital wards. Staff worked collaboratively to develop a ward vision and to implement a number of action plans. Using appreciative inquiry approach, staff attitudes towards persons with dementia improved, inter-professional collaboration was enhanced and small changes in staff practices were noted...
October 6, 2016: Dementia
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