journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815782/influence-of-conjugated-linoleic-acids-and-vitamin-e-on-milk-fatty-acid-composition-and-concentrations-of-vitamin-a-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-in-blood-and-milk-of-dairy-cows
#1
S Schäfers, U Meyer, D von Soosten, L Hüther, C Drong, K Eder, E Most, A Tröscher, W Pelletier, A Zeyner, S Dänicke
The objective of this trial was to investigate the influences of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E (Vit. E) and their interactions on fatty acid composition and vitamins in milk (α-tocopherol, retinol and β-carotene) as well as on α-tocopherol in blood of pluriparous cows from week 6 ante partum until week 10 post-partum (p.p.). We assigned 59 pluriparous German Holstein cows to four treatment groups with the treatment factors CLA and Vit. E at two levels in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Milk fatty acid composition and milk vitamins were analysed on lactation days 7 and 28...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771840/influence-of-l-carnitine-and-l-arginine-on-protein-synthesis-and-maturation-of-the-semitendinosus-muscle-of-lightweight-piglets
#2
J G Madsen, E Seoni, M Kreuzer, P Silacci, G Bee
Lightweight (LW) piglets from large litters display impaired growth performance compared with heavier littermates. This study investigated the growth performance and muscle development of early-weaned LW piglets (birthweight <1.2 kg) from large litters (17.3 ± 3.0 total born per litter), fed ad libitum a milk replacer supplemented with either l-carnitine (CAR) or l-arginine (ARG) from day 7 to day 28 of age. In total, 36 female and entire male Swiss Large White piglets, weaned on day 7 of age, were artificially reared in pairs in rescue decks...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771826/lactobacillus-plantarum-bs22-promotes-gut-microbial-homeostasis-in-broiler-chickens-exposed-to-aflatoxin-b1
#3
Y Zeng, D Zeng, Y Zhang, X Q Ni, J Wang, P Jian, Y Zhou, Y Li, Z Q Yin, K C Pan, B Jing
Probiotics promote the health of the host by maintaining intestinal microbial homeostasis. This study aimed to investigate the benefits of Lactobacillus plantarum BS22 (LP) in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbial homeostasis of broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin B1 using the PCR-DGGE, viable count and real-time PCR. The toxin adsorption experiment demonstrated that treatment R5 (1.0 × 10(8) CFU/g LP) exhibited good absorptive effect in adsorbing the aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) in vitro. DGGE showed that the composition and structure of gut microbiota were more similar in the mucosa than in the content of all the samples...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710833/effect-of-cellobiose-supplementation-on-in-vitro-fermentation-activity-and-bacterial-numbers-of-porcine-inocula
#4
S N Heinritz, E Weiss, J Seifert, R Mosenthin, S Kuß, A G Degenhardt, T J Koch
In this in vitro study, the modified Hohenheim gas test (HGT) was applied to determine fermentation activity and bacterial composition of pig's faecal microbial inoculum using different concentrations of cellobiose. Incubation procedures included normal buffered and osmotic stress conditions (elevated medium salinity). After 24 hr of fermentation, production of gas, ammonia and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) was measured, and the gene copy numbers of total bacteria, Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., Roseburia spp...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710783/evaluation-of-vegetable-protein-in-canine-diets-assessment-of-performance-and-apparent-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-using-a-broiler-model
#5
D C Fiacco, J A Lowe, J Wiseman, G A White
Recent technological advances in the human food industry with respect to meat processing have decreased the availability of animal proteins to the pet food industry which typically formulates diets with an excess of animal protein. In the long term, this is not sustainable; thus, alternative protein sources need to be investigated. This study examined three canine diets, comparing a typical animal protein-based diet (control) with two experimental diets where the animal protein was substituted in part with vegetable protein (formulated based either on total protein or amino acid content) using a broiler model...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696048/comparative-selective-retention-of-particle-size-classes-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-ponies-and-goats
#6
J Hummel, F Scheurich, S Ortmann, L A Crompton, M Gerken, M Clauss
There is a discrepancy in the literature on potential digesta separation mechanisms in horses, with both a selective retention of fine and of large particles postulated in different publications. To assess the net effect of such mechanisms, we fed ponies on a hay-only diet a pulse dose of whole (unchopped) marked hay together with a solute marker, collected faeces on a regular basis, measured marker concentrations in whole faeces and in their large (2.0-16 mm), medium (0.5-1.0 mm) and small (0.063-0.25 mm) particle fraction, and calculated the corresponding mean retention times (MRTs)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691346/effect-of-steam-explosion-on-solid-state-fermentation-of-maize-stalk-by-penicillium-decumbens-and-phanerochaete-chrysosporium-for-animal-feed-production
#7
Z Sun, X Li, L Liu
Pre-treated maize stalk could be used for animal feed due to the improved digestibility. Steam explosion (SE) and solid-state fermentation (SSF) are two methods in maize stalk pre-treatment. To evaluate the effect of combination of SE and SSF on the maize stalk pre-treatment, the maize stalk was treated with steam explosion and microbial fermentation with Penicillium decumbens and Phanerochate chrysporium in this study. The steam explosion severity (logR0 ) affected component of the corn stover and then affected the SSF...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691244/probiotics-intake-from-proximal-or-distal-gastrointestinal-tract-the-investigation-on-intestinal-morphology-and-performance-of-japanese-quail
#8
K Seifi, M A Karimi-Torshizi, H Deldar
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of early single-dose probiotics administered from proximal or distal gastrointestinal tract on quails' performance and small intestinal morphology. A total of 120 Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) 1-d-old chicks were divided into the following experimental groups before being transferred to the raising room: (i) control (no probiotic administered); (ii) oral group (received probiotics via oesophageal gavage); and (iii) vent lip group (received probiotics directly into vent)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691242/bovine-colostrum-enriched-with-lyophilized-bovine-colostrum-stimulates-intestinal-epithelium-renewal-of-holstein-calves-in-the-first-days-of-life
#9
L Kindlein, D B Moretti, P Pauletti, A R Bagaldo, A P O Rodrigues, R Machado-Neto
Consumption of a second meal of colostrum with high quality could contribute to the intestinal epithelium development, especially if there is poor supply of colostrum just after birth. The effect of a second colostrum meal was evaluated on histomorphometry of the intestinal mucosa of newborn Holstein calves fed with high- and low-quality first colostrum. Seventy-two calves were fed with a first colostrum meal with high (HFM, close to 100 mg/ml) or low (LFM, close to 30 mg/ml) IgG concentration. At 12 hr of life, three treatments of second colostrum feeding were applied to the calves either fed high or low first colostrum: calves fed with low (LOW-close to 30 mg/ml) or high (HIGH-close to 100 mg/ml) IgG concentration; and colostrum enriched with lyophilized bovine colostrum with high IgG concentration (ENRICHED-higher than 120 mg/ml), resulting in six groups...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636279/effects-of-in-ovo-injection-of-chrysin-quercetin-and-ascorbic-acid-on-hatchability-somatic-attributes-hepatic-oxidative-status-and-early-post-hatch-performance-of-broiler-chicks
#10
F Khaligh, A Hassanabadi, H Nassiri-Moghaddam, A Golian, G-A Kalidari
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of in ovo injection of chrysin, quercetin and ascorbic acid on hatchability, somatic attributes, hepatic antioxidant status and early post-hatch growth performance of broiler chicks. Four hundred and eighty embryonated broiler breeder eggs containing live 18-day-old embryos were divided into six groups of 80 eggs each. One group remained intact and served as a control group (i), whereas the other five groups were injected with the prepared injection solutions as follows: (ii) 0...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612954/effect-of-graded-levels-of-dietary-corn-steep-liquor-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-haematology-and-histopathology-of-broilers
#11
Z Ullah, M Yousaf, M M Shami, M Sharif, Kh Mahrose
This experiment was conducted to assess nutritional potential of corn steep liquor (CSL) as an alternative protein source in broiler's diet. A total of 280-day-old unsexed broiler chicks were randomly distributed into four experimental groups in a simple randomised experimental design (each group had seven replicates; 10 birds per each). Four iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric broiler starter and finisher diets (C, LCSL, MCSL and HCSL) were formulated containing 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% CSL respectively. Results revealed that chicks fed MCSL diet had significantly (p ≤ ...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612434/effect-of-increasing-taurine-and-methionine-supplementation-on-urinary-taurine-excretion-in-a-model-insectivore-the-giant-anteater-myrmecophaga-tridactyla
#12
S A Nofs, E S Dierenfeld, R C Backus
The giant anteater (Mymercophaga tridactyla) is a highly specialized insectivore for which nutrient requirements are not clearly established, making diet formulation challenging for this species. Multiple clinical reports suggest anteaters have an obligate dietary taurine (TAU) requirement. Sulphur amino acid (SAA) metabolism in adult anteaters was evaluated using noninvasive methods to measure TAU synthesis potential from dietary methionine (MET) and a basal diet containing on a dry matter (DM) basis 1.7 mg TAU/kg DM and 6...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608638/effect-of-different-levels-of-copper-nanoparticles-and-copper-sulphate-on-performance-metabolism-and-blood-biochemical-profiles-in-broiler-chicken
#13
A Scott, K P Vadalasetty, M Łukasiewicz, S Jaworski, M Wierzbicki, A Chwalibog, E Sawosz
A study was conducted to investigate the influence of copper administration in ovo to chicken embryos and/or supplied in drinking water to growing chickens in the form copper nanoparticles (Cu-NP) or copper sulphate (CuSO4 ). The fertilised eggs were assigned to three groups (n = 50 per group): control (not injected), injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP or with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 at day 1 of incubation. Thereafter, 126 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to seven post-hatched groups: control not injected and not provided with Cu in the drinking water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg Cu-NP in water, injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4  + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg CuSO4 in water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP and injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608590/renal-energy-excretion-of-horses-depends-on-renal-hippuric-acid-and-nitrogen-excretion
#14
B Hipp, K-H Südekum, A Zeyner, G Goren, E Kienzle
The prediction of renal energy excretion is crucial in a metabolizable energy system for horses. Phenolic acids from forage cell walls may affect renal energy losses by increasing hippuric acid excretion. Therefore, the relationships were investigated between renal energy, nitrogen (N) and hippuric acid excretion of four adult ponies (230-384 kg body weight (BW)) consuming diets based on fresh grass, grass silage, grass cobs (heat-dried, finely chopped, pressed grass), alfalfa hay, straw, extruded straw and soybean meal...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608585/effect-of-dietary-conjugated-linoleic-acid-on-vitamin-a-status-of-lactating-rats-and-their-offspring
#15
J O Zeitz, E Most, K Eder
The absorption and metabolism of vitamin A is linked with that of lipids. It is known that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) affects the lipid metabolism in growing and lactating animals. In the present study, the hypothesis was investigated that dietary CLA influences vitamin A status of lactating rats and their pups during the suckling period. For this purpose, Wistar Han rats were fed either a control diet (control group, n = 14) or a diet containing 0.87% of cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 (1:1) CLA (CLA group, n = 14) during pregnancy and lactation...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608583/effects-of-dissolved-carbon-dioxide-on-the-integrity-of-the-rumen-epithelium-an-agent-in-the-development-of-ruminal-acidosis
#16
R Rackwitz, G Gäbel
The carbon dioxide released and dissolved in rumen fluid may easily permeate across the epithelial cell membrane. Thus, we hypothesized that CO2 may act as proton carrier and induce epithelial damage under acidotic conditions. Ovine ruminal epithelia were mounted in Ussing chambers under short-circuit conditions. The serosal buffer solution had a constant pH of 7.4 and was gassed either with 100% oxygen or with carbogen (95% O2 /5% CO2 ). The mucosal solution was gassed with either 100% oxygen or 100% carbon dioxide...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608581/effects-of-milk-thistle-meal-on-performance-ileal-bacterial-enumeration-jejunal-morphology-and-blood-lipid-peroxidation-in-laying-hens-fed-diets-with-different-levels-of-metabolizable-energy
#17
N S Hashemi Jabali, A H Mahdavi, S Ansari Mahyari, M Sedghi, R Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of milk thistle meal on performance, blood biochemical indices, ileal bacterial counts and intestinal histology in laying hens fed diets containing different levels of metabolizable energy. A total number of 200 Leghorn laying hens (Hy-Line W-36) were randomly assigned to eight experimental treatments with five cage replicates of five birds each. Dietary treatments consisted of four levels of milk thistle meal (0%, 15%, 30% and 60%) and two levels of AMEn (11...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608573/plantago-ovata-in-broiler-chicken-nutrition-performance-carcass-criteria-intestinal-morphology-immunity-and-intestinal-bacterial-population
#18
A Divani, F Bagherzadeh-Kasmani, M Mehri
In this experiment, the effect of dietary Plantago ovata (PO) on performance, carcass criteria, intestinal morphology, immunity, and intestinal bacterial population of broiler chickens was evaluated. A total of 250 one-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to five treatments containing 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20 g/kg of PO with five replicate pens and 10 birds in each replicate. Dietary PO increased body weight gain and decreased feed conversion ratio in the finisher period, improving the performance index (p < ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608567/the-effect-of-stress-on-haematologic-response-and-physicochemical-parameters-of-muscle-meat-in-rabbits
#19
V Reséndiz-Cruz, J E Ramírez-Bribiesca, D Mota-Rojas, I Guerrero-Legarreta, R G Cruz-Monterrosa, D Hernandez-Sanchez
Ante-mortem studies of stress in rabbits are few and can potentially impact the haematologic response and physicochemical parameters of muscle meat. The aim of this study was to investigate the induction of stress by transport and simulation at two different times. Two hundred rabbits divided in a similar proportion of male and female were stressed by vehicular transportation and with motion simulation, using a vibration platform. They were divided into five groups: Control (without stress), Stress with Short Transportation (30 min), Stress with Long Transportation (60 min), Stress with Short Vibration Platform (30 min) and Stress with Long Vibration Platform (60 min)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608538/effects-of-dietary-red-yeast-sporidiobolus-pararoseus-on-production-performance-and-egg-quality-of-laying-hens
#20
W Tapingkae, K Panyachai, M Yachai, H V Doan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary red yeast (Sporidiobolus pararoseus) on production performance and egg quality of laying hens. A total of 200 Esa Brown laying hens (23 weeks of age) were allocated equally to negative control group (no yeast supplement); positive control group (2 g/kg of Saccharomyces cerevisiae); 0.5, 1, 2 g/kg red yeast respectively. The experiment was lasted for 12 weeks. Feed intake, hen-day egg production and egg weight were not different between control and supplemented groups...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
journal
journal
39851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"