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Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160334/influence-of-sumac-rhus-coriaria-l-and-ginger-zingiber-officinale-on-egg-yolk-fatty-acid-cholesterol-and-blood-parameters-in-laying-hens
#1
Y Gurbuz, Y G Salih
The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential effect of different levels of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) seed powder and ginger (Zingiber officinale) root powder on egg yolk fatty acid composition, blood/yolk cholesterol in laying hen. A total of 63 (ATAK-S: Domestic Turkish Laying Hens) laying hens (average weight: 1470 g each hen, 25-weeks of age) were assigned to seven treatment diets including sumac seed (S) and ginger root powder (G) at 0 g/kg (control), 10 g/kg (S1), 20 g/kg (S2), and 30 g/kg (S3); 10 g/kg (G1), 20 g/kg (G2), or 30 g/kg in rations respectively, for 8 weeks...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158914/effect-of-porcine-glucagon-like-peptides-2-on-tight-junction-in-glp-2r%C3%A2-%C3%A2-ipec-j2-cell-through-the-pi3-k-akt-mtor-p70-s6k-signalling-pathway
#2
K K Qi, Y Q Sun, J Wan, B Deng, X M Men, J Wu, Z W Xu
Because of rare glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) receptor (+) cells within the gut mucosa, the molecular mechanisms transducing the diverse actions of GLP-2 remain largely obscure. This research identified the naturally occurring intestinal cell lines that endogenously express GLP-2R and determined the molecular mechanisms of the protective effects of GLP-2-mediated tight junctions (TJ) in GLP-2R (+) cell line. (i) Immunohistochemistry results showed that GLP-2R is localised to the epithelia, laminae propriae and muscle layers of the small and large bowels of newborn piglets...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158900/biochemical-proximates-of-pumpkin-cucurbitaeae-spp-and-their-beneficial-effects-on-the-general-well-being-of-poultry-species
#3
REVIEW
M C Achilonu, I C Nwafor, D O Umesiobi, M M Sedibe
There is a growing need to increase productivity in poultry. Growth hormones and antibiotics have the ability to improve health, weight gain and feed efficiency in meat-producing animals. The growth-promoting antibiotics are administered to poultry to improve the general performance of the chicken. However, the use of the xenobiotic drugs in food-producing animals has been a concern and a sensitive issue of debate for several decades in the EU and many other regional blocks of the world. Consequently, the use of hormones in animal production has been banned in Italy, Denmark and Germany for over 4-5 decades, while Belgium and Greece had never permitted its use for livestock fattening purposes...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133865/the-impact-of-the-chromium-supplementation-on-insulin-signalling-pathway-in-different-tissues-and-milk-yield-in-dairy-cows
#4
M Pantelić, L J Jovanović, R Prodanović, I Vujanac, M Đurić, T Ćulafić, S Vranješ-Đurić, G Korićanac, D Kirovski
Thirty days before expected time of parturition, 20 Holstein cows were divided into -Cr and +Cr groups. From day 25 before parturition (BP) up to day 30 after parturition (AP), +Cr cows received 10 mg of Cr (chromium-enriched yeast) daily. Muscle and adipose tissue samples were taken at days -30, -10, +7 and +10 related to parturition, when body condition score (BCS) was also determined. Hepatic tissue samples were taken at days -10 and +7. Tissue samples were used for determination of the insulin signalling pathway protein expressions...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133861/carob-pods-ceratonia-siliqua-l-improve-growth-performance-antioxidant-status-and-caecal-characteristics-in-growing-rabbits
#5
S H Abu Hafsa, S A Ibrahim, A A Hassan
The objective of this study was to evaluate carob pods and their effect on growth performance, antioxidant activities, carcass and caecal characteristics and equilibrium modification of the caecal microbiota population of growing NZW rabbits. Eighty weaned rabbits (initial body weight: 625.00 ± 26.46 g) were randomly allocated into four dietary groups of 20 rabbits each until 90 days of age. Dietary groups were as follows: C (basal diet with no supplementation), CP1 (basal diet + 2.5% carob pods), CP2 (basal diet + 5% carob pods) and CP3 (basal diet + 10% carob pods)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133830/supplementation-of-corn-seed-with-regular-diet-modulates-immune-function-and-antioxidant-status-in-capra-hircus
#6
A K Singh, C Haldar
Melatonin modulates the functional activation of antioxidative enzymes to maintain the oxidant-antioxidant balance in the physiological system. Melatonin administration via subcutaneous injection increases endogenous melatonin concentration that has been used to modulate the immune function in rodents and reproductive activity in small ruminant like goats. However, to date, no report exist which could suggest the effect of corn seed supplementation on the endogenous melatonin concentration and its impact on cellular-immune function and antioxidative enzymes activity in any small ruminant like goats...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133825/influence-of-dietary-rapeseed-meal-levels-on-growth-performance-organ-health-and-standardized-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-meat-ducks-from-15-to-35%C3%A2-days-of-age
#7
S Qin, G Tian, K Zhang, X Ding, S Bai, J Wang, G Jia, Q Zeng
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary rapeseed meal (RSM) inclusion levels on growth performance, organ health and standardized ileal amino acid digestibility (SIAAD) in meat ducks from 15 to 35 days of age. Six hundred and eighty 15-days-old ducks were randomly allotted to five treatments based on body weight. Five isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated on a digestible amino acid basis by replacing 0% (the control), 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (based on fresh) of protein from soya bean meal (SBM) with protein from RSM...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133820/dietary-inclusion-of-tomato-pomace-improves-meat-oxidative-stability-of-young-pigs
#8
C S Correia, C M Alfaia, M S Madeira, P A Lopes, T J S Matos, L F Cunha, J A M Prates, J P B Freire
The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional effect of tomato pomace, in combination with two distinct fat sources (lard or soya bean oil), on longissimus lumborum muscle, subcutaneous fat and liver of young pigs. Forty male pigs of 4 weeks old were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments using two fibre sources (wheat bran or 5.0% tomato pomace) and two fat sources (lard or soya bean oil), in a 2 × 2 factorial design for a 5-week trial. Tomato pomace did not improve colour, fatty acid profile, cholesterol content or lipid oxidation, nor did it yield detectable levels in lycopene or β-carotene in the meat (p > 0...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133815/comparison-of-nutritional-and-antinutritional-traits-among-different-species-lupinus-albus-l-lupinus-luteus-l-lupinus-angustifolius-l-and-varieties-of-lupin-seeds
#9
N Musco, M I Cutrignelli, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, F Infascelli, R Grazioli, V Lo Presti, F Gresta, B Chiofalo
In order to promote the use of lupin in pig nutrition, in this research the nutritional characteristics (i.e. dietary fibre, alkaloid and fatty acid profile) and the in vitro gas production of 12 lupin varieties grown in the Mediterranean basin and belonging to three lupin species (Lupinus albus, Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus) were assessed. Four varieties of L. albus (Asfer, Lublanc, Lutteur and Multitalia) were grown in South Campania. Three varieties of L. luteus (Dukat, Mister and Taper), three of L...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111836/differences-between-ph-of-indwelling-sensors-and-the-ph-of-fluid-and-solid-phase-in-the-rumen-of-dairy-cows-fed-varying-concentrate-levels
#10
V Neubauer, E Humer, I Kröger, T Braid, M Wagner, Q Zebeli
Feeding of high-concentrate diets to cattle increases the risk of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA). Indwelling wireless pH sensors have become popular as an early diagnostic tool for SARA recently. However, the recommended pH thresholds of SARA derive from measurements taken from free-rumen liquid (FRL) in the ventral rumen, and not from the reticulum, where the mentioned sensors are located. The aim of this study was to evaluate commercially available indwelling pH boli for the accuracy and precision in predicting ruminal pH of FRL and the particle-associated rumen liquid (PARL) under varying dietary concentrate levels...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084661/improved-milk-production-through-pg-pl-system-by-provision-of-in-house-shelter-management-in-lactating-murrah-buffaloes-during-winter-season
#11
N Haque, M Singh, S A Hossain
Comprehensive information on the role of β-casein and plasminogen-plasmin (PG-PL) system in milk secretion of Murrah buffaloes during winter season is lacking, although effects of cold stress can be ameliorated to an extent by altering microclimate at farm level. Hence, this study was aimed to determine the changes in productivity along with PG-PL system of milk, plasma hormones and metabolites of buffaloes during winter (December-January) season under two different management systems. Average minimum temperature and wind chill index during this season were 7...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084649/effect-of-sweet-potato-vines-on-performance-parameters-and-some-carcass-characteristics-of-rabbits
#12
A C K Klinger, L P da Silva, G S P de Toledo, B Galarreta, F Goulart
Conventional feedstuffs in Brazil are expensive, which has led to the search for less conventional cheaper and locally available feedstuffs. Thus, this study was carried out to determine the dietary effect of dry sweet potato vines (SPV) on the performance and some carcass characteristics of rabbits. A total of twenty-seven weaned White New Zealand rabbits (14 male and 13 female) 35 days old with an average initial weight of 755 g were allocated into three treatments. Nine rabbits were assigned to each treatment in a completely randomized design...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067421/dietary-integration-with-oregano-origanum-vulgare-l-essential-oil-improves-growth-rate-and-oxidative-status-in-outdoor-reared-but-not-indoor-reared-pigs
#13
C Forte, D Ranucci, D Beghelli, R Branciari, G Acuti, L Todini, C Cavallucci, M Trabalza-Marinucci
The effects of a diet supplemented with oregano essential oil on performance, oxidative status, pork quality traits and sensorial properties were evaluated. In two studies, 72 pigs in indoor or outdoor conditions were assigned to either a control diet or an identical diet supplemented with 0.2% oregano essential oil. Pigs reared outdoor showed lower live weight, average daily gain and average gain:feed ratio compared to indoor pigs. The oregano supplementation improved the growth performance of the outdoor- but not the indoor-reared animals...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066944/the-effect-of-lactobacillus-isolates-on-growth-performance-immune-response-intestinal-bacterial-community-composition-of-growing-rex-rabbits
#14
REVIEW
C Wang, Y Zhu, F Li, L Huang
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus isolates on intestinal bacterial community composition of growing Rex Rabbits. A total of 120 weaned Rex Rabbits (30 days old, 30 per group) were used for the experiment, which started after an adaptation period of 7 days. The control group was fed with basal diet only, while the treatment I, II and III groups were fed with basal diet adding antibiotics, Lactobacillus zeae (LB1) and Lactobacillus casei (L3) respectively. Growth performance, immune response and intestinal flora have been examined...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066943/potential-value-of-the-common-vetch-vicia-sativa-l-as-an-animal-feedstuff-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Y F Huang, X L Gao, Z B Nan, Z X Zhang
The objective of this review was to systematically evaluate common vetch seeds as a potential feedstuff for animals, by summarizing and discussing the available published literature covering their nutritional composition as well as their content of antinutritional factors and potential techniques for their reduction. In addition, animal feeding studies that have investigated the effect of inclusion of common vetch seeds on animal growth and performance were identified and evaluated to stimulate interest in their use as a good source of nutrients for inclusion in animal diets...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066942/antioxidant-status-and-expression-of-inflammatory-genes-in-gut-and-liver-of-piglets-fed-different-dietary-methionine-concentrations
#16
J O Zeitz, S Kaltenböck, E Most, K Eder
This study investigated the hypothesis that dietary concentrations of methionine (Met), as a precursor of cysteine which is a constituent of glutathione (GSH), affect tissue antioxidant concentrations and the antioxidant defence system in pigs. Forty-five piglets (DanZucht × Pietrain) were allotted to three groups of similar mean body weight (11.0 ± 0.9 kg). The basal diet was composed of barley, wheat, corn starch, soybean oil, sucrose, cellulose and a mineral supplement with suboptimal concentrations of Met and was supplemented with dl-Met to reach 0...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066939/the-nutrition-of-poultry-as-a-factor-affecting-litter-quality-and-foot-pad-dermatitis-an-updated-review
#17
REVIEW
S Swiatkiewicz, A Arczewska-Wlosek, D Jozefiak
Foot pad dermatitis (FPD), a condition of inflammation and necrotic lesions on the plantar surface of the footpads, is commonly observed in fast-growing broiler chickens and turkeys. FPD negatively affects the welfare of birds, performance indices and the economic profit of poultry meat production. Nutrition is an important factor affecting water intake, excreta moisture and litter quality and, in this way, the occurrence and intensity of FPD in birds. This article reviews and discusses the recent results published in the literature on the effects of nutritional factors on litter quality and FPD severity in broiler chickens and turkeys...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066938/effect-of-gender-and-exercise-on-haematological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-holsteiner-horses
#18
A Andriichuk, H Tkachenko
The objective of this study was to assess the influence of exercise of average intensity in the haematological and biochemical values, as well as acidic resistance of erythrocytes in mares and stallions of Holsteiner breed. A total of seventeen horses of Holstein breed (seven mares and 10 stallions aged 6 years) were used in this study. The blood samples were assessed for haematocrit (HCT) value, haemoglobin concentration (HGB), the amount of red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), platelets (PLT), leucogram, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), red cell distribution width (RDW) and platelet distribution width (PDW)...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066937/effect-of-dietary-dry-matter-intake-on-endogenous-nitrogen-flows-in-growing-lambs
#19
W Gao, X Gao, A Chen, F Zhang, D Chen, C Liu
The effect of dietary dry matter intake (DMI) on endogenous nitrogen (N) flows at different part of the digestive tract of growing lambs was determined using a (15) N isotope dilution technique. Three Kazakh male lambs (30 ± 2.75 kg of body weights and 4 months old, average daily gain 200 g/day) were fitted with ruminal, duodenal and ileal cannulae and raised in metabolic cage individually. The experiment was conducted in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with three lambs, three DMI levels (1100, 920 and 736 g/day respectively) and three periods...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066935/effects-of-corn-distillers-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-performance-oxidative-status-intestinal-immunity-and-meat-quality-of-chinese-yellow-broilers
#20
D Ruan, S Q Jiang, Y J Hu, F Y Ding, Q L Fan, F Chen, X J Lin, L Li, Y Wang
The study assessed the effects of different dietary levels of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) on performance, oxidation status, intestinal immunity and meat quality in Chinese Yellow broilers aged from 1 to 63 days. Lingnan male hatchings (1440) were randomly assigned to six treatments, each consisting of six replicates of 40 birds. The basal diet (I) was a typical corn-soya bean ration while the experimental diets (II to VI) partially substituted corn DDGS for soya bean meal. The level of substitution in starter, grower and finisher diets was as follows: II, 2%, 4% then 6%; III, 4%, 8% then 12%; IV, 6%, 12% then 18%; V, 8%, 16% then 24%; VI, 10%, 20% then 30%...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
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