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Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics

A Ya Bolsunovsky, O I Sinitsyna, T S Frolova, E A Vasyunina, D V Dementyev
This is the first study to present data on the genotoxicity of low γ-irradiation doses for E. coli and S. typhimurium cells obtained using the SOS chromotest and the Ames test. The most pronounced effect was recorded in the first 24 h of γ-irradiation. After 72 h in the Ames test and after 96 h in the SOS chromotest, a significant effect of γ-irradiation on bacterial cells was detected. The absence of genotoxicity at the later stages can be explained by the adaptation of bacterial cells to the conditions of exposure...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
K B Shumaev, V Z Lankin, G G Konovalova, M A Grechnikova, A K Tikhaze
Methylglyoxal at a concentration of 5 mM caused a significant inhibition of superoxide anion radical (O2 (·-)) comparable to the effect of Tirone. In the process of O2 (·-) generation in the system of egg phosphatidylcholine liposome peroxidation induced by the azo-initiator AIBN, a marked inhibition of chemiluminescence in the presence of 100 mM methylglyoxal was found. At the same time, methylglyoxal did not inhibit free radical peroxidation of low-density lipoprotein particles, which indicates the absence of interaction with methylglyoxal alkoxyl and peroxyl polyenoic lipid radicals...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
Z I Krutetskaya, L S Milenina, A A Naumova, V G Antonov, A D Nozdrachev
Using Fura-2AM microfluorimetry, we have shown for the first time that 5-lipoxygenase specific inhibitor antiasthmatic agent zileuton significantly inhibits Ca(2+)-responses induced by glutoxim and molixan in macrophages. The results support 5-lipoxygenase involvement in the effect of glutoxim and molixan on intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in macrophages and indicate the inadvisability of a combined use of drugs glutoxim and molixan and antiasthmatic agent zileuton.
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
T A Gudasheva, O A Deeva, M A Yarkova, S B Seredenin
The elevated plus maze test showed that GD-23 (N-carbobenzoxy-L-tryptophanyl-L-isoleucine amide), an original dipeptide ligand of TSPO, exerted anxiolytic effect when injected intraperitoneally at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg. This effect was completely blocked by the selective neurosteroid synthesis inhibitors, enzymes trilostane and finasteride. The same inhibitors do not prevent the anxiolytic effects of the benzodiazepine tranquillizer diazepam. The results of the study indicate the selective neurosteroidogenic mechanism of the anxiolytic action of GD-23...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A S Doroshenko, M N Danilova, N V Kudryakova, A A Soloviev, V V Kusnetsov
Analysis by real-time PCR of single and double insertion mutants of A. thaliana with inactivated cytokinin receptor genes showed that the level of transcripts of some of plastid genes during skotomorphogenesis depended on the state of functionally active receptor AHK3. The cytokinin-regulated plastid encoded genes involved the housekeeping genes (rpoB and accD) and the genes for photosynthetic proteins (ndhA, psbA, atpB, and psaA). However, the absence of hormone activation of plastid encoded genes engaged in the translation of plastid proteins, rRNA (rrn16), and tRNA (trnE), indirectly indicate the disruption of the synthesis of chloroplast proteins in the dark...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
T E Deniskova, I M Okhlopkov, A A Sermyagin, E A Gladyr', V A Bagirov, J Sölkner, N V Mamaev, G Brem, N A Zinov'eva
This is the first report performing the whole genome SNP scanning of snow sheep (Ovis nivicola). Samples of snow sheep (n = 18) collected in six different regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) from 64° to 71° N. For SNP genotyping, we applied Ovine 50K SNP BeadChip (Illumina, United States), designed for domestic sheep. The total number of genotyped SNPs (call rate 90%) was 47796 (88.1% of total SNPs), wherein 1006 SNPs were polymorphic (2.1%). Principal component analysis (PCA) showed the clear differentiation within the species O...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
S N Shchelkunov, O S Taranov, T V Tregubchak, R A Maksyutov, A N Silkov, A E Nesterov, S V Sennikov
Wistar rats with collagen-induced arthritis were intramuscularly injected with the recombinant plasmid pcDNA/sTNF-BD encoding the sequence of the TNF-binding protein domain of variola virus CrmB protein (VARV sTNF-BD) or the pcDNA3.1 vector. Quantitative analysis showed that the histopathological changes in the hind-limb joints of rats were most severe in the animals injected with pcDNA3.1 and much less severe in the group of rats injected with pcDNA/sTNF-BD, which indicates that gene therapy of rheumatoid arthritis is promising in the case of local administration of plasmids governing the synthesis of VARV immunomodulatory proteins...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
U G Letuta, A S Vekker, T A Kornilova, A A Gryaznov, I A Cheplakov
Effects of synergism and antagonism of antibacterial drugs and magnetic isotope of magnesium (25)Mg on antibiotic resistance of bacteria E. coli were discovered. Fourteen antibiotics from seven different groups were tested. The increase in antibiotic resistance in the presence of the ion (25)Mg(2+) was discovered in E. coli cells incubated with quinolones/fluoroquinolones, indicating the inhibiting effect of the magnetic moments of nuclei (25)Mg on DNA synthesis. The change in antibiotic resistance was also detected in bacteria affected by magnesium (25)Mg and certain antibiotics from aminoglycoside and lincosamide groups...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E S Kuzina, A A Kudriaeva, I S Glagoleva, V D Knorre, A G Gabibov, A A Belogurov
Deimination of myelin basic protein (MBP) by peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) prevents its binding to the proteasome and decelerates its degradation by the proteasome in mammalian cells. Potential anticancer drug tetrazole analogue of chloramidine 2, at concentrations greater than 1 µM inhibits the enzymatic activity of PAD in vitro. The observed acceleration of proteasome hydrolysis of MBP to antigenic peptides in the presence of PAD inhibitor may increase the efficiency of lesion of the central nervous system by cytotoxic lymphocytes in multiple sclerosis...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
T A Gudasheva, K N Koliasnikova, T A Antipova, S B Seredenin
It was shown for the first time that the endogenous cyclic dipeptide cycloprolylglycine (CPG) at concentrations of 10(-7) and 10(-3) M and piracetam at a concentration of 10(-3) M increased the content of brainderived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the culture of neuronal cells in normal state and under conditions of glutamate and 6-oxydopamine neurotoxicity. This may indicate the possible involvement of BDNF in the mechanism of action of neuropeptide CPG and piracetam.
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
T N Portseva, E V Pankratova, A G Stepchenko, S G Georgieva
The effect of overexpression of Oct-1 protein isoforms on the cell response to two anticancer drugs camptothecin and dexamethasone was studied. The effect of Oct-1 isoforms on regulated gene transcription was estimated by the difference in the level of mRNA in Burkitt's lymphoma cells (Namalwa line) untransfected and stably transfected with Oct-1 isoforms. The response to anticancer drugs of the Oct-1 target genes involved in the development of apoptosis depended, firstly, on the type of drug, secondly, on the concentration of Oct-1 in cells...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A A Kudriaeva, N A Khaustova, D V Maltseva, E S Kuzina, I S Glagoleva, E A Surina, V D Knorre, A A Belogurov, A G Tonevitsky, A G Gabibov
In this study, we performed transcriptome profiling of oligodendrocyte culture of mice treated with the remyelinating therapeutic agent benztropine in the presence and absence of interferon gamma (IFNγ). The results of this work are important for understanding the expression profile of oligodendrocytes under conditions of systemic inflammation in the central nervous system in multiple sclerosis as well as the mechanisms of cellular response to benztropine in light of its possible use for the treatment of multiple sclerosis...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
D E Naumov, V P Kolosov, J M Perelman, A G Prikhodko
The effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of TRPV4 gene on the development of airway hyperresponsiveness (39.7% of cases) in response to the decrease in osmolarity under inspiration of distilled water aerosol was studies in 189 patients with uncontrolled bronchial asthma. rs6606743 SNP was found to significantly contribute to the development of osmotic airway hyperresponsiveness. Analysis of the dominant genetic model revealed substantial prevalence of AG + GG genotype frequency in the group of patients with asthma with osmotic hyperresponsiveness in comparison with the patients who had negative response to bronchoprovocation...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
L G Kondratyeva, A A Sveshnikova, E V Grankina, I P Chernov, M R Kopantseva, E P Kopantzev, E D Sverdlov
We show characteristic morphological changes corresponding to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program fulfillment in PANC1 cell line stimulated with TGFβ1. Our results support downregulation of E-cadherin protein. We show 5- and 28-fold increase in SNAI1 and SNAI2 expression levels and 25- and 15-fold decrease in CDH1 and KRT8 expression levels, respectively, which confirms the EMT-program fulfillment. We demonstrate downregulation of expression of pancreatic master genes SOX9, FOXA2, and GATA4 (2-, 5-, and 4-fold, respectively) and absence of significant changes in HES1, NR5A2, and GATA6 expression levels in the cells stimulated with TGFβ1...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E K Karpova, I Yu Rauschenbach, E V Burdina, N E Gruntenko
It is shown for the first time that the insulin receptor substrate gene chico controls the functioning of the systems of metabolism of dopamine and juvenile hormone in Drosophila melanogaster females under normal conditions and in thermal stress.
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A K Golovnin, V V Molodina, P G Georgiev, L S Melnikova
This study is devoted to clarifying the role of Mod(mdg4)-67.2 and Su(Hw) proteins in the interaction between Su(Hw)-dependent insulator complexes and identifying the specific domains of the Su(Hw) protein required for insulation or mutual neutralization of insulators. Using genetic techniques and experiments in yeast two-hybrid system, we have demonstrated that the zinc finger domain of the Su(Hw) protein is involved in forming a functional insulator complex and cannot be replaced with the DNA-binding domain of the GAL4 protein...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A V Baron, N V Osipov, S V Yashchenko, Yu A Kokotukha, I J Baron, A P Puzyr, I A Olkhovskiy, V S Bondar
Adsorption of viral particles from the blood plasma of patients with viral hepatitis B and C on modified nanodiamonds (MNDs) was shown in the in vitro experiments. PCR method showed the treatment of plasma with MNDs leads to a decrease in the viral load by 2-3 orders of magnitude or more in both cases studied. These results make it possible to predict the applicability of MNDs for the development of new technologies of hemodialysis and plasmapheresis for binding and removal of viral particles from the blood of infected patients...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
M M Yurinskaya, S Y Funikov, M B Evgen'ev, M G Vinokurov
The effect of exogenous heat shock protein HSP70 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), TNFα secretion, and mRNA expression by human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. It was shown that exogenous HSP70 protects neuroblastoma cells from the action of LPS. The protection mechanism of HSP70 includes a reduction in the production of ROS and TNFα and a decrease in the expression of TLR4 and IL-1β mRNA in SK-N-SH cells induced by LPS.
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A A Lakhina, L N Markevich, N M Zakharova, V N Afanasyev, I K Kolomiytseva, E E Fesenko
In hibernating Yakutian ground squirrels S. undulatus, the content of total phospholipids in the nuclei of liver increased by 40% compared to that in animals in summer. In torpid state, the amount of sphingomyelin increased almost 8 times; phosphatidylserine, 7 times; and cardiolipin, 4 times. In active "winter" ground squirrels, the amount of sphingomyelin, phosphatidylserine, and cardiolipin decreased compared to the hibernating individuals but remained high compared to the "summer" ones. The torpor state did not affect the amount of lysophosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
O I Sokolov, N Y Selivanov, V A Bogatyrev, O G Selivanova, Y I Velikorodnaya, A Y Pocheptsov, B N Filatov, S Y Shchyogolev, L A Dykman
The aim of this research was to design a method of immobilization of high-purity human butyrylcholinesterase on the surface of gold nanoparticles preserving the activity of the enzyme. In order to achieve this aim, the method of fractionation and purification of human butyrylcholinesterase from plasma was modified. The synthesis of 15-nm gold nanoparticles was carried out by citrated method. A method of conjugation of the high-purity butyrylcholinesterase with gold nanoparticles was developed. It was found that the Immobilization of butyrylcholinesterase on the surface of gold nanoparticles resulted in a significant (to 23%) increase in the specific activity of the enzyme...
May 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
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