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Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics

V L Zamoyski, V V Grigoriev
A decrease in the external chloride ion concentration to 4 mM caused a decrease in the fast sodium current to 85-100% in rat cerebellum Purkinje neurons in the whole-cell configuration using the patchclamp method. This effect did not depend on the main cation from the internal side of the cell membrane (120 mM of potassium or cesium) and also appeared when Cl- was substituted with sulfate (SO2-4) or phosphate (H2PO4-) anion outside of the cell. The effect was reversible after washing out the low chloride by the standard saline...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
K V Purtov, Z M Osipova, V N Petushkov, N S Rodionova, A S Tsarkova, A A Kotlobay, T V Chepurnykh, A Yu Gorokhovatsky, I V Yampolsky, J I Gitelson
The structure of fungal oxyluciferin was determined, the enzymatic bioluminescence reaction under substrate saturation conditions with discrete monitoring of formed products was conducted, and the structures of the end products of the reaction were established. On the basis of these studies, the scheme of oxyluciferin degradation to the end products was developed. The structure of fungal oxyluciferin was confirmed by counter synthesis.
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E V Korotkov, Yu M Suvorova, K G Skryabin
A new mathematical method was used for the first time to search for tandem repeats with insertions and deletions in the full-length sequence of the A. thaliana genome. The method is based on a new algorithm for multiple alignment of sequences of certain periods without using paired comparisons of sequences. We identified 13997 periodic sites 2 to 50 characters long, only approximately 30% of which were known earlier. The possible origin and use of the identified sites with tandem repeats are discussed.
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
P P Knox, E P Lukashev, N Kh Seifullina, V V Gorokhov, A B Rubin
The effect of heating at 65°C for 20 min on the absorption spectra and kinetics of the dark recombination of charges separated between photoactive bacteriochlorophyll and quinone acceptors was studied in dry films of bacterial photosynthetic reaction centers (RCs), RC films in polyvinyl alcohol, and trehalose. A pronounced protective effect of trehalose against pheophytinizaiton of molecules bacteriochlorophylls in RC structure and in maintaining their higher photochemical activity was found.
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
M E Gasparian, M L Bychkov, A V Yagolovich, M P Kirpichnikov, D A Dolgikh
Cytokine TRAIL selectively induces apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in tumor cells without affecting normal cells, but its therapeutic application is limited, since many primary tumors are insensitive to TRAIL. To improve the efficiency of TRAIL, we have previously developed TRAIL mutant variant DR5-B, which binds the apoptosis-inducing death receptor DR5 as efficiently as wild type TRAIL, but shows almost no affinity to other receptors. In this study, we investigated the effect of the chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin on the cytotoxicity of TRAIL variants in 12 tumor cell lines of various origin...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
R K Salyaev, N I Rekoslavskaya, A S Stolbikov
The analysis of the properties of a quadrivalent peroral vaccine against the cervical cancer, which was created in a plant expression system on the base of transgenic tomato fruits, by immunoassay and Western blot hybridization showed that the antibodies against human papilloma virus 16 L1 (HPV16 L1) actively interacted not only with the antigenic proteins HPV18 L1, HPV31 L1, and HPV45 L1, but also with the antigenic protein HPV6 L1, which belongs to another HPV family. Thus, new data on the possibility of crossreactivity between antibodies and antigens belonging to remote HPV families were obtained...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
K V Derkach, I O Zakharova, I V Romanova, I I Zorina, A L Mikhrina, A O Shpakov
The metabolic parameters and functional state of hypothalamic systems in mice with the Yellow mutation in the Agouti locus and with obesity of the melanocortin type and the effect of metformin (MF) treatment (9 days, 200 mg/kg/day) were studied. The MF treatment led to decreased body weight and to normalization of glucose tolerance in mice. In the hypothalamus, MF restored the decreased activity of Akt kinase, the main component of leptin pathway, and normalized the increased expression of subtype 1B serotonin receptor...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
V V Talanova, A F Titov, N S Repkina, A A Ignatenko
We studied the effect of abscisic acid (ABA) on the expression of genes encoding the functional homologues of proapoptotic (CsBAX) and antiapoptotic (CsBI-1) proteins in cucumber leaves at low temperatures. The exposure to a hardening temperature of 12°C caused a slight increase in the level of CsBAX gene transcript and a sharp increase in the CsBI-1 gene transcript. At a damaging temperature of 4°C, the content of the CsBAX gene mRNA significantly increased, whereas the content of the CsBI-1 gene mRNA remained virtually unchanged...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
S Yu Orlova, A A Volkov, O A Maznikova, N V Chernova, I I Glebov, A M Orlov
This is the first study to perform a comparative genetic analysis of Greenland halibut in the samples from the Atlantic (waters of west and east of Greenland), Arctic (Laptev Sea), and Pacific (the western part of the Bering Sea) ocean basins using seven microsatellite loci. The obtained data clearly demonstrate that the Greenland halibut population in the Laptev Sea belongs to the groups of the Atlantic Ocean basin. Apparently, the Greenland halibut of the Laptev Sea is represented by a dependent population, which is replenished due to the drift of immatures from the spawning grounds in the Barents Sea with the transformed Atlantic water flow along the continental slope...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
G V Sakovich, E A Skiba, V V Budaeva, E K Gladysheva, L A Aleshina
The concept of manufacturing valuable bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) from plant raw materials having a zero prime cost is substantiated. The process flowsheet involves the chemical transformation of the feedstock to obtain a pulp; enzymatic hydrolysis of the pulp to furnish a solution of reducing sugars, chiefly glucose; preparation of a nutrient broth based on the enzymatic hydrolysate; biosynthesis of nanocellulose microfibrils by the symbiotic Medusomyces gisevii Sa-12 culture; and purification of BNC. BNC has for the first time been synthesized from oat hulls and has a high degree of crystallinity of 88 ± 5% and is composed of 99% Iα-allomorph...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A Yu Ratushnyy, L B Buravkova
The expression of 84 focal adhesion genes of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MMSCs) after 96-h microgravity simulation at 3D clinorotation was studied. The upregulation of ITGA6, ITGA7, BCAR1, GRB2, CAV1, and DIAPH1 and the downregulation of ITGA11, ITGAV, ITGB1, PTEN, PTK2 (FAK), ARHGAP5, DOCK1, ROCK2, and AKT3 was found. These changes at the transcriptional level may be a cause of the reduction of the osteogenic potential of MMSCs and their ability to migration and adhesion in microgravity.
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
N V Lifantseva, Ts O Koneeva, E E Voronezhskaya, V I Melnikova
The developing thymus of rat fetuses contains all components of the serotonergic system: receptors, enzymes of synthesis, and membrane transporters. The expression of receptors suggests the possibility of a direct influence of serotonin on thymic development. The presence of tryptophan hydroxylase (the key rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin synthesis) and aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase indicates the ability of fetal thymic cells to synthesize serotonin. It was shown that the cells of a developing thymus can actively uptake extracellular monoamines...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
G F Makhaeva, V V Grigoriev, A N Proshin, N V Kovaleva, E V Rudakova, N P Boltneva, I V Serkov, S O Bachurin
Conjugates of tacrine with 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivatives were synthesized for the first time. Their esterase profile and effects on the key NMDA receptor-binding sites as well as antioxidant activity were investigated. The obtained compounds effectively inhibited cholinesterases (with a predominant effect on butyrylcholinesterase), simultaneously blocked two NMDA receptor-binding sites (allosteric and intrachannel sites, and exhibited a high radical-scavenging activity. Our study shows that the obtained compounds are promising to design drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other multifactorial neurodegenerative diseases...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A V Goncharenko, M S Kotlyarova, A M Moisenovich, A Y Arkhipova, D A Kulikov, A S Konkov, A V Kulikov, A E Mashkov, I I Agapov, M M Moisenovich, M P Kirpichnikov
We investigated the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells cultured on fibroin microcarriers. Effective cell proliferation on the surface of the microcarriers, determined by the large surface area, and the contribution of microcarrier mineralization to the stimulation of the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells was revealed.
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
N P Akentieva, N A Sanina, A R Gizatullin, N Y Shmatko, N S Goryachev, N I Shkondina, T R Prikhodchenko, S M Aldoshin
The effect of synthetic analogues of dinitrosyl mononuclear iron complexes (DNICs) with functional sulfur-containing ligands (NO donors) on the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) was studied, and their efficiency was evaluated. It was shown that the enzyme MPO is the molecular target of DNICs. It was found that six DNICs inhibited the activity of MPO and one compound potentiated it. The evaluation of their efficiency showed that two DNICs effectively inhibited the activity of MPO by 50% at IC50 = 2 × 10-4 M and IC50 = 5 × 10-7 M...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E V Inzhevatkin, A V Baron, N G Maksimov, M B Volkova, A P Puzyr, V S Bondar
In model experiments in vitro, the applicability of the EPR spectrometry method for the detection of modified nanodiamonds (MNDs) in blood and homogenates of mouse organs has been established. A characteristic signal (g = 2.003, ΔH ≈ 10 G) is observed in the samples of biomaterials containing MNDs, the intensity of which increases linearly with the concentration of nanoparticles in the range of 1.6-200 μg MNDs per 1 mL of the sample. The EPR method in biomaterials reveals the presence of intrinsic paramagnetic centers, signals from which are superimposed on the signal from the MNDs...
November 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
V V Lavrova, S V Zinovieva, Zh V Udalova, E M Matveeva
The dynamics of expression of PR1 and PR6 genes, which are involved in the defense response of plants infected with the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita, was studied in the "tomato-root-knot nematode" parasitic system. The invasion of the resistant plants was accompanied by an increased accumulation of transcripts of PR genes, which reflects their fast response to the penetration of nematode juveniles with subsequent development of an adequate defense response. In the susceptible plants, changes in the PR1 and PR6 gene activity induced by the nematode invasion were insignificant, which may be one of the causes of the disease...
September 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
D V Kochkin, E B Globa, E V Demidova, V V Gaisinsky, B A Galishev, N G Kolotyrkina, Vl V Kuznetsov, A M Nosov
This is the first study to show that the formation of 14β-hydroxylated derivatives of taxa-4(20),11-diene is a specific feature of in vitro cultured dedifferentiated yew cells that distinguishes them from intact plant cells. This may be due to a lower toxicity of the 14-OH taxoids for proliferating plant cells compared to the 13-OH derivatives.
September 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
V N Nesterov, I S Nesterkina, O A Rozentsvet, N V Ozolina, R K Salyaev
To study the characteristics of the structure and the functional role of chloroplast membranes of halophytes with different salt tolerance strategy, raft structures were isolated. Lipid analysis data provided evidence for the presence of rafts in the chloroplast membranes. The discovered significant differences in the content of raft-forming lipids in different halophytes suggest a relationship between the functions of rafts and the mechanisms of salt tolerance in plants.
September 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
L N Rasina, E B Grigorkina, N A Orekhova
Differences in radioresistance and oxidative metabolism parameters in rodents of different ecological specialization in the East Ural radioactive trace (EURT) area are shown. Northern mole voles (radiosensitive species) exhibit a pronounced resistance to chronic exposure to radiation, living in a series of generations in a radioactive environment, whereas pigmy wood mice (radioresistant species) are less resistant in the EURT area due to their migration activity. Thus, under the EURT area conditions, northern mole voles realize the genotypic radioadaptation, whereas pigmy wood mice realize the physiological radioadaptation, the key role in which is played by the ecological and physiological characteristics and the lifestyle of animals...
September 2017: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
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