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Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics

E I Shramova, G M Proshkina, S M Deyev, R V Petrov
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely used in clinical practice to influence neoplasms in the presence of a photosensitizer, oxygen, and light source. The main problem of PDT of deep tumors is the problem of delivering excitation light (without lost of its intensity) inside the body. An alternative to the external light sources can be the internal light sources based on luciferase-substrate bioluminescent systems. In our work, we used the NanoLuc-furimazine system as an internal light source. This system can be successfully used to excite the protein photosensitizer miniSOG and to induce the phototoxicity of this flavoprotein in cancer cells during bioluminescent resonance energy transfer (BRET)...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
O P Serdyuk, L D Smolygina, M S Khristin
A pigment-protein complex of yellow color with absorption maxima at 682 and 776 nm, characteristic for bacteriophytochromes, was isolated from the photosynthetic membranes of the purple bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Zinc-induced fluorescence of the complex indicated the presence of the biliverdin chromophore covalently bound to the protein. The parameters of low-temperature fluorescence (λ excitation at 680 nm, λ emission at 695 nm) indicated the ability of the complex to undergo photoconversion. These data, as well as the kinetics of accumulation of the red (Pr)-form on far red light, allowed the complex to be classified as a bacteriophytochrome-like complex with its localization in the photosynthetic membranes of Rps...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
S Yu Orlova, A A Volkov, I I Gordeev, A A Baitaliuk, A M Orlov
The frequency of occurrence of the COI gene of mitochondrial DNA in the Pacific flatnose Antimora microlepis and blue antimora Antimora rostrata (Moridae, Gadiformes) was analyzed in samples collected in different areas of the World Ocean. The revealed maximum haplotype diversity of COI in the blue antimora in the North Atlantics may indicate that this species emerged in this region, from which it widely distributed in the World Ocean. The Pacific flatnose Antimora microlepis originated from Antimora rostrata...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
S Yu Kapustina, E A Lyapunova, Ya Adiya, O V Brandler
Using molecular genetic methods, we investigated the secondary contact zones of two pairs of species of ground squirrels of Mongolia. In common colonies of marmots M. sibirica and M. baibacina, we revealed a high frequency of occurrence of hybrid individuals that were viable and fertile. A hybridization between S. alaschanicus and S. pallidicauda was sporadic in nature. The hypothesis about an extensive hybrid zone in these species of ground squirrels was not confirmed. An occupation of suboptimal biotopes by individuals of different species was the main factor contributing to hybridization in both case...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
R K Salyaev, N I Rekoslavskaya, A S Stolbikov
An expression system for the synthesis of early antigenic proteins HPV16 E2, HPV16 E6, and HPV16 E7 of high-risk papillomavirus based on transgenic tomato fruits was developed. It is planned to use the early antigenic proteins synthesized to create a therapeutic vaccine against cervical cancer.
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E M Mil, V N Erokhin, V I Binyukov
The proapoptotic effect of anphen (the effect on the level of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2) was investigated by immunoblotting. Incubation of Lewis carcinoma cell suspension with anphen at a concentration of 10-6 M for 0-3 h caused a 80% reduction in the level of the Bcl-2 protein and its homodimer. In vivo, when administered for 4 days to outbred mice, anphen (10-4 M) induced a decrease in the level of the Bcl-2 homodimer in the spleen cells by 20% and an increase in the content of the Bad protein (apoptosis activator) and the Bcl-XL protein...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
Zh V Udalova, G E Folmanis, F K Khasanov, S V Zinovieva
We investigated the mechanisms of action of selenium nanoparticles obtained by laser ablation for their use as an abiogenic elicitor of tomato resistance to parasitic nematodes. Selenium nanoparticles induced systemic resistance of tomatoes to the root-knot nematode, stimulated plant growth and development, was involved in the PR-6 gene expression in the roots and leaves of plants subjected to invasion, and increased the activity of proteinase inhibitors (markers of systemic resistance of plants to infection)...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
O V Masalova, E I Lesnova, A A Onishchuk, A M Ivanova, E V Gerasimova, A V Ivanov, A N Narovlyansky, A V Sanin, A V Pronin, A A Kushch
The search for new adjuvants remains the critical task for the creation of hepatitis C vaccines due to the weak immunogenicity of biotechnological products. When immunizing mice with the recombinant proteins NS3 and NS5B of the hepatitis C virus (HCV), the adjuvant activity of three immunomodulators was compared. Phosprenyl® on the basis of polyprenyl phosphate (PPP), chemically synthesized analogue of the bacterial cell wall glucosaminyl muramyl dipeptide (GMDP), and IFN-α recombinant protein were tested...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
M V Kostyuchenko, A K Golovnin, P G Georgiev, L S Melnikova
It is shown that mutations in two GC-rich sequences (GC-boxes) from the promoter region of the yellow gene during enhancer-dependent transcription activation do not affect the basal level of the yellow gene transcription but destabilize the interaction between the enhancers and the promoter.
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
A M Egorova, I A Tarchevsky
The treatment of pea roots with azelaic acid for 72 h led to a change in the content of 28 proteins: the content of 20 proteins decreased, and the content of 8 proteins (including the phenylpropanoid metabolism enzymes, which are involved in the synthesis of phytoalexins) increased.
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
T A Bogush, A A Basharina, E A Bogush, O M Ryabinina, A S Tjulandina, S A Tjulandin
The quantitative immunofluorescence assay of serous ovarian cancer tissue for the expression of estrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ) revealed a higher expression level of ERβ in comparison with ERα in all surgical tumor samples investigated. Significant differences in the expression level of the markers were detected "from tumor to tumor." A high expression level of both ERα (≥ 25%) and ERβ (≥ 44%) in the tumor predicts a significantly longer progression-free survival time (p < 0.01) in the patients after the first line of platinum and taxane-based adjuvant chemotherapy...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E O Kuzichkina, O N Shilova, S M Deyev, R V Petrov
It was found that the fluorescent properties of the phototoxic domain of miniSOG allow to assess the ability of toxins to bind to human breast adenocarcinoma cells SK-BR-3 and study the dynamics of their internalization. We established that the main cause of the decrease of the fluorescence intensity of the recombinant proteins 4D5scFv-miniSOG and DARPin-miniSOG during their internalization in the complex with the HER2 receptor is their shielding and absorption of the fluorescence of miniSOG by the cells fluorophores...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
N G Andreyenkova, O V Andreyenkov, I V Karyakin, I F Zhimulev
We analyzed a fragment of mitochondrial CytB locus obtained from young and adult black kites Milvus migrans lineatus from 19 nests in the Republic of Tyva, Russia. Three previously known (CytB-6, CytB-14, CytB-19) and three new haplotypes identified as CytB-6.1, CytB-6.2, and CytB-19.1 were detected. We described a set of substitutions specific to M. migrans lineatus but not to M. migrans migrans, the European subspecies of black kite.
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
V V Talanova, A F Titov, N S Repkina, A A Ignatenko
We studied the effect of phytohormone methyl jasmonate (MJ) on the expression of WCS (wheat cold specific) family genes and the activity of the key antioxidant enzymes in wheat seedling leaves at a low hardening temperature (4°C). Incubation at 4°C induced an increase in the cold tolerance of seedlings, which was accompanied by an increase in the levels of transcripts of WCS120 and WCS19 genes as well as an increase in the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (PO). The pretreatment of seedlings with MJ significantly increased the mRNA content of WCS120 and WCS19 genes and, at the same time, caused an increase in the activity of SOD and PO, thus contributing to further increase in the cold tolerance of the plants (i...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E A Belousova, M M Kutuzov, P A Ivankina, A A Ishchenko, O I Lavrik
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation, which is catalyzed by PARP family proteins, is one of the main reactions in the cell response to genomic DNA damage. Massive impact of DNA-damaging agents (such as oxidative stress and ionizing radiation) causes numerous breaks in DNA. In this case, the development of a fast cell response, which allows the genomic DNA integrity to be retained, may be more important than the repair by more accurate but long-term restoration of the DNA structure. This is the first study to show the possibility of eliminating DNA breaks through their PARP3-dependent mono(ADP-ribosyl)ation followed by ligation and repair of the formed ribo-AP sites by the base excision repair (BER) enzyme complex...
September 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
E S Meteleva, Yu S Chistyachenko, L P Suntsova, M A Tsyganov, G B Vishnivetskaya, D F Avgustinovich, M V Khvostov, N E Polyakov, T G Tolstikova, V A Mordvinov, A V Dushkin, N Z Lyakhov
The mechanochemical preparation of solid compositions of praziquantel with plant saponin (glycyrrhizic acid disodium salt) is described. The study of a number of physicochemical parameters showed that dissolving solid compositions in water is accompanied by the inclusion of praziquantel molecules into micelles, which are formed in the solution of the glycyrrhizic acid disodium salt. Using the opisthorchiasis model caused by Opisthorchis felineus, we found a 4- to 11-fold increase in the anthelmintic activity of praziquantel in the composition as compared to the official praziquantel...
July 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
T A Gudasheva, P Yu Povarnina, T A Antipova, S B Seredenin
Dipeptide mimetic of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor bis(N-monosuccinyl-L-seryl-L-lysine) hexamethylenediamide (working name GSB-106), which reproduces the homodimeric structure of BDNF and the beta-turn of its fourth loop, activates TrkB, AKT, and ERK, exhibits neuroprotective and antidepressant activity, and is able to stimulate neurogenesis in the hippocamp of stressed mice. Using Western blot hybridization and synaptophysin (synaptogenesis marker), we showed the ability of chronically administered GSB-106 to stimulate synaptogenesis, increasing the synaptic density in the hippocamp by 50%...
July 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
Z I Krutetskaya, L S Milenina, A A Naumova, S N Butov, V G Antonov, A D Nozdrachev
Using Fura-2AM microfluorimetry, we have shown for the first time that sigma-1 receptor agonist, tricyclic antidepressant amitriptyline, significantly inhibits glutoxim- and molixan-induced Ca2+ -responses in rat peritoneal macrophages. The results suggest possible involvement of sigma-1 receptors in the signaling cascade induced by glutoxim or molixan and leading to intracellular Ca2+ concentration increase in macrophages.
July 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
M V Zinovyeva, L G Nikolaev, L G Kondratyeva, T V Vinogradova, E D Sverdlov
The mRNA content of the transcription factors KLF5 and ZEB1 was studied in pancreatic tumor tissues and in fetal and normal pancreas. Transcription of these factors was not high and similar in normal and fetal pancreatic tissues but greatly increased in the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues. A significant positive correlation between the KLF5 and ZEB1 transcription levels in the pancreatic tumor tissues was observed.
July 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
D A Gnatenko, E P Kopantzev, E D Sverdlov
Stimulation of BxPC-3, Panc-1, and MIA PaCA-2 pancreatic cancer cells with EGF, HGF, FGF-1, FGF-2, FGF-7, and FGF-10 growth factors caused changes in the expression of master genes regulating pancreatic development (SOX9, HNF3b, GATA-4, GATA-6, and HES1). This, in turn, caused changes in the expression profile of important transcription factors, embryonic development regulators. It was also found that the master genes belonging to the same family may cause opposite effects (suppression or enhancement of expression of a particular transcriptional regulator) in the same cell line...
July 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
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