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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720101/%C3%A3-valuation-%C3%A3-chographique-des-complications-au-premier-trimestre-de-grossesse
#1
Lucie Morin, Yvonne M Cargill, Phyllis Glanc
OBJECTIFS: RéSULTATS: SOURCES DE DONNéES: Nous avons effectué des recherches dans MEDLINE et un examen de la bibliographie des articles recensés. VALEURS: Le Comité d'imagerie diagnostique de la Société des obstétriciens et gynécologues du Canada a passé en revue les données probantes recueillies. Les recommandations reposent sur les lignes directrices élaborées par le Groupe d'étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs (tableau 1). AVANTAGES, DéSAVANTAGES ET COûTS: Les femmes qui présentent des saignements durant le premier trimestre peuvent recevoir un diagnostic incorrect d'avortement manqué...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720100/ultrasound-evaluation-of-first-trimester-complications-of-pregnancy
#2
Lucie Morin, Yvonne M Cargill, Phyllis Glanc
OBJECTIVE: OUTCOMES:: EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search and review of bibliographies identified articles was conducted. VALUES: The evidence collected was reviewed by the Diagnostic Imaging Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. The recommendations were made according to the guidelines developed by The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (Table 1). BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: Women presenting with first trimester bleeding may be incorrectly diagnosed with a missed abortion, may have an ectopic pregnancy overlooked, or may be inappropriately reassured about viability...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720099/isolated-appendiceal-endometriosis
#3
Amanda Yang Shen, Aaron Stanes
BACKGROUND: Pain associated with appendiceal endometriosis can mimic other intra-abdominal pathology. The diagnosis is usually obvious during gross inspection of the appendix; however, the absence of classical macroscopic appearances may lead to missed cases in which the patient's pain is misdiagnosed and inappropriately managed. CASE: A 34-year-old woman presented with cyclical right iliac fossa pain and an elevated serum C-reactive protein of 13 mg/L (normal < 5 mg/L)...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720098/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-the-prenatal-evaluation-of-suspected-invasive-placenta-percreta
#4
Rory Windrim, John Kingdom, Hyun-Jung Jang, Peter N Burns
BACKGROUND: Morbidly adherent placentation now complicates approximately 1 in 500 pregnancies. Our group and others have demonstrated that antenatal diagnosis of invasive placentation and team-based delivery reduce severe morbidity. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are both employed in the antenatal evaluation of pregnancies with suspected placenta increta/percreta. Accurate diagnosis in this context is essential to direct resources appropriately. Ultrasound methods, including colour and power Doppler, are the mainstays of screening at-risk women, whereas MRI is reserved for diagnostic purposes because of its cost and limited accessibility...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720097/implications-of-applying-minimal-risk-standards-in-clinical-research-to-information-provision-in-prenatal-and-pre-conception-care
#5
Kyoko Wada, Barbra de Vrijer, Barbara F Hales, Jeff Nisker
BACKGROUND: There have long been minimal risk thresholds beneath which risks may not need to be discussed in clinical research. This threshold concept may be applied to clinical practice. Our research explored application of minimal risk standards in research regulations to providing information in prenatal and pre-conception care. METHODS: A case study approach applied minimal risk standards in research regulations to prenatal and pre-conception care with respect to the risks of excess alcohol consumption, folic acid insufficiency, exposure to phthalate plasticizers, and exposure to brominated flame retardants (BFRs)...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720096/improving-communication-in-obstetrics-practice
#6
Andrea Simpson, Ryan Hodges, Mary Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720095/uterine-transplants-in-the-canadian-setting-a-theoretical-framework
#7
Jacques Balayla
The uterine transplant is an innovative surgical procedure whereby a healthy uterus is transplanted into a woman with uterine factor infertility (UFI) for the purpose of procreation. Twelve uterine transplants have been attempted in the world in the last two decades, and five have led to viable births. While uterine transplantation is still in its experimental stages, it remains unclear whether Canadian centres plan to attempt the procedure in the near future. Herein, I raise several observations that are specific to the Canadian setting and apply the Montreal Criteria for the Ethical Feasibility of Uterine Transplantation to determine whether there is fertile ground for a uterine transplantation program to be adopted in Canada...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720094/optimizing-participation-of-pregnant-women-in-clinical-trials-factors-influencing-decisions-about-participation-in-medication-and-vaccine-trials
#8
Sophie Palmer, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Robert L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on women's attitudes and opinions about participation in vaccine and medication trials during pregnancy. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey was administered to 110 consenting women over a four-week period in the waiting room of an ambulatory obstetrics and gynaecology clinic in Ontario. RESULTS: The final response rate was 74.8%, with the majority of participants agreeing with statements about the importance of obtaining safety data about products in pregnancy and the importance of a woman having the ability to choose whether to participate in such research...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720093/magnocaine-physical-compatibility-and-chemical-stability-of-magnesium-sulphate-and-lidocaine-hydrochloride-in-prefilled-syringes
#9
Sara Houlihan, Diane Decarie, Cindy Benes, Richard Cleve, Marianne Vidler, Laura A Magee, Mary H H Ensom, Peter von Dadelszen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physical compatibility and chemical stability of mixtures of magnesium sulphate and lidocaine in order to determine the feasibility of manufacturing a prefilled syringe combining these two drugs for use as an intramuscular (IM) loading dose for eclampsia prevention and/or treatment. This ready-to-use mixture will provide a more tolerable and accessible route of administration appropriate for widespread use. METHODS: Physical compatibility (pH, colour, and formation of precipitate) and chemical stability (maintaining > 90% of initial concentrations) of mixtures of MgSO4, using both commercially available MgSO4 (50%) and MgSO4 reconstituted from salt (61%), with lidocaine hydrochloride (2%) were evaluated every 14 days over six months...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720092/evaluating-the-postpartum-maternal-health-clinic-how-patient-characteristics-predict-follow-up
#10
Christina M Nowik, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith
OBJECTIVE: At Kingston General Hospital, women who have pregnancy-related cardiovascular risk indicators (e.g., preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes) are offered standardized six-month postpartum follow-up for cardiovascular disease risk screening and counselling. We sought to assess how patient characteristics predict attendance at follow-up. METHODS: We undertook a chart review of 650 patients who delivered between April 2011 and December 2014 and had preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, or gestational diabetes...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720091/ongoing-cases-of-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-disease-in-the-era-of-screening-and-prophylaxis
#11
Vanessa Poliquin, Elissa Cohen, Philippe Guillaume Poliquin, Carol Schneider, Savas Menticoglou
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed cases of group B Streptococcus (GBS) sepsis in term infants at our institution to identify areas for potential prevention. METHODS: We identified cases by searching our institution's microbiology databases for all positive GBS blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures taken from infants between 2008 and 2013. Patients were included if the timing of the positive culture met the criteria for early-onset GBS disease (age 7 days or under). Charts that met inclusion criteria were abstracted for details related to antepartum screening, intrapartum care, and postpartum outcome...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720090/sex-ratios-among-births-in-british-columbia-2000-2013
#12
K S Joseph, Lily Lee, Kim Williams
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported distorted sex ratios among live births within specific immigrant groups in Canada. We carried out an investigation into sex ratios in British Columbia. METHODS: All stillbirths and live births to residents of British Columbia from April 2000 to March 2013 were included in the study, with data obtained from the British Columbia Perinatal Data Registry. We examined sex ratios among births and among pregnancy terminations that resulted in a stillbirth or live birth...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720089/the-usefulness-of-the-apache-ii-score-in-obstetric-critical-care-a-structured-review
#13
Helen M Ryan, Sumedha Sharma, Laura A Magee, J Mark Ansermino, Karen MacDonell, Beth A Payne, Keith R Walley, Peter von Dadelszen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) mortality prediction model in pregnant and recently pregnant women receiving critical care in low-, middle-, and high-income countries during the study period (1985-2015), using a structured literature review. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, searched for articles published between 1985 and 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Twenty-five studies (24 publications), of which two were prospective, were included in the analyses...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720088/association-between-factor-v-leiden-mutation-small-for-gestational-age-and-preterm-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Erin M Hemsworth, Amanda M O'Reilly, Victoria M Allen, Stefan Kuhle, Jo-Ann K Brock
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association of a maternal factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation with SGA and preterm birth. DATA SOURCES: We performed a search of PubMed, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from inception to April 2016 for cohort and case-control studies of women with FVL mutation and associated outcomes of SGA and preterm birth that included a reference group without FVL mutation. Additional studies were identified from reference lists of relevant research and review articles...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720087/le-journal-d-obst%C3%A3-trique-et-gyn%C3%A3-cologie-du-canada-et-l-avenir
#15
Timothy Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720086/jogc-and-the-future
#16
Timothy Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720085/grossesse-extra-ut%C3%A3-rine-abdominale-au-deuxi%C3%A3-me-trimestre
#17
Amanda Giunti, Brandon Entwistle, Hemi Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720084/a-second-trimester-abdominal-ectopic-pregnancy
#18
Amanda Giunti, Brandon Entwistle, Hemi Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670711/prise-en-charge-du-travail-spontan%C3%A3-chez-les-femmes-en-sant%C3%A3-%C3%A3-terme
#19
Lily Lee, Jessica Dy, Hussam Azzam
OBJECTIF: La présente directive vise à fournir des conseils concernant la prise en charge du travail spontané intrapartum, normal ou anormal, à terme, chez les femmes en santé, ainsi que des conseils relatifs à la prise en charge de la dystocie lors du premier et du deuxième stade du travail, pour favoriser l'accouchement vaginal et optimiser les issues de la grossesse. DONNéES PROBANTES: Des documents publiés ont été récupérés au moyen de recherches effectuées dans PubMed et la Cochrane Library, en octobre 2011, à partir d'une terminologie appropriée et contrôlée (p...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670710/management-of-spontaneous-labour-at-term%C3%A2-in-healthy-women
#20
Lily Lee, Jessica Dy, Hussam Azzam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this guideline is to provide guidance for the intrapartum management of spontaneous labour, whether normal or abnormal, in term, healthy women, and to provide guidance in the management of first and second stage dystocia to increase the likelihood of a vaginal birth and optimize birth outcomes. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and the Cochrane Library in October 2011 using appropriate, controlled vocabulary (e...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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