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European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324242/numerical-insights-into-the-phase-diagram-of-p-atic-membranes-with-spherical-topology
#1
A G Hansen, N Ramakrishnan, P B Sunil Kumar, J H Ipsen
The properties of self-avoiding p-atic membranes restricted to spherical topology have been studied by Monte Carlo simulations of a triangulated random surface model. Spherically shaped p-atic membranes undergo a Kosterlitz-Thouless transition as expected with topology induced mutually repelling disclinations of the p-atic ordered phase. For flexible membranes the phase behaviour bears some resemblance to the spherically shaped case with a p-atic disordered crumpled phase and p-atic ordered, conformationally ordered (crinkled) phase separated by a KT-like transition with proliferation of disclinations...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324241/numerical-simulation-and-scaling-of-droplet-deformation-in-a-hyperbolic-flow
#2
Erfan Kadivar, Atefeh Alizadeh
Motivated by a recent experiment (C. Ulloa et al., Phys. Rev. E 89, 033004 (2014)), droplet deformation in a flat microfluidic channel having a cross intersection with two inlet channels and two outlet channels, i.e. hyperbolic flow, is numerically investigated. Employing the boundary element method (BEM), we numerically solve the Darcy equation in the two dimensions and investigate droplet motion and droplet deformation as the droplet enters the cross intersection. We numerically find that the maximum deformation of droplet depends on droplet size, capillary number, viscosity ratio and flow rate ratio of the two inlets...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315142/rotational-motion-of-dimers-of-janus-particles
#3
Arghya Majee
We theoretically study the motion of a rigid dimer of self-propelling Janus particles. In a simple kinetic approach without hydrodynamic interactions, the dimer moves on a helical trajectory and, at the same time, it rotates about its center of mass. Inclusion of the effects of mutual advection using superposition approximation does not alter the qualitative features of the motion but merely changes the parameters of the trajectory and the angular velocity.
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315141/magnetoelastic-instability-in-soft-thin-films
#4
M Poty, F Weyer, G Grosjean, G Lumay, N Vandewalle
Ferromagnetic particles are incorporated in a thin soft elastic matrix. A lamella, made of this smart material, is studied experimentally and modeled. We show herein that thin films can be actuated using an external magnetic field applied through the system. The system is found to be switchable since subcritical pitchfork bifurcation is discovered in the beam shape when the magnetic field orientation is modified. Strong magnetoelastic effects can be obtained depending on both field strength and orientation...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303418/action-of-fields-on-captive-disclination-loops
#5
Mallory Dazza, Rui Cabeça, Simon Čopar, Maria Helena Godinho, Pawel Pieranski
We report on two effects observed in experiments with captive disclination loops on polymeric fibers immersed in nematics and submitted to electric and/or magnetic fields. We show that the magnetic field oblique to a fiber with axial or helicoidal anchoring on its surface induces translation of disclination loops. Fields orthogonal to fibers with helicoidal anchoring make disclination loops rotate around the field direction. In the linear regime of this last chirogyral effect, the angle of rotation is proportional to the helix wave vector and its sense unveils the chirality of the helix...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299470/onset-and-non-linear-regimes-of-soret-induced-convection-in-binary-mixtures-heated-from-above
#6
T Lyubimova, N Zubova, V Shevtsova
The paper deals with the investigation of the onset and non-linear regimes of convection of liquid binary mixtures with negative Soret effect heated from above. The linear stability of a convectionless state in a horizontal layer is studied by the numerical solution of the linearized problem on the temporal evolution of small perturbations of the unsteady base state. Non-linear regimes of convection are investigated by the numerical solution of the non-linear unsteady equations for a horizontally elongated rectangular cavity...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275962/formation-of-surface-nanodroplets-of-viscous-liquids-by-solvent-exchange
#7
Brendan Dyett, Haitao Yu, Xuehua Zhang
Surface nanodroplets are essential units for many compartmentalised processes from catalysis, liquid-liquid reactions, crystallization, wetting and more. Current techniques for producing submicron droplets are mainly based on top-down approaches, which are increasingly limited as scale reduces. Herein, solvent exchange is demonstrated as a simple solution-based approach for the formation of surface nanodroplets with intermediate and extremely high viscosity (1 000 000 cSt). By solvent exchange, the viscous droplet liquid dissolves in a good solvent that is then displaced by a poor solvent to yield surface droplets for the oversaturaion pulse at the mixing front...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255919/formation-of-brine-channels-in-sea-ice
#8
Klaus Morawetz, Silke Thoms, Bernd Kutschan
Liquid salty micro-channels (brine) between growing ice platelets in sea ice are an important habitat for CO2-binding microalgaea with great impact on polar ecosystems. The structure formation of ice platelets is microscopically described and a phase field model is developed. The pattern formation during solidification of the two-dimensional interstitial liquid is considered by two coupled order parameters, the tetrahedricity as structure of ice and the salinity. The coupling and time evolution of these order parameters are described by a consistent set of three model parameters...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247101/nucleation-and-growth-of-droplets-in-the-overheated-free-standing-smectic-films
#9
Elena S Pikina, Boris I Ostrovskii
We present a theoretical explanation for the formation of nematic droplets in free-standing smectic films (FSSF) overheated above the temperature of the bulk smectic - nematic transition. The conditions for the formation of the nematic droplets in smectic films are studied on the basis of the general thermodynamic approach to the stability of FSSF. It is shown that the formation of droplets in overheated FSSF is only possible in the presence of a certain amount of thermally generated dislocation loops. We determined the gain in the free energy related with the formation of the nematic droplets, the value of the critical work and the critical size of the drops...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236113/active-brownian-particles-moving-in-a-random-lorentz-gas
#10
Maria Zeitz, Katrin Wolff, Holger Stark
Biological microswimmers often inhabit a porous or crowded environment such as soil. In order to understand how such a complex environment influences their spreading, we numerically study non-interacting active Brownian particles (ABPs) in a two-dimensional random Lorentz gas. Close to the percolation transition in the Lorentz gas, they perform the same subdiffusive motion as ballistic and diffusive particles. However, due to their persistent motion they reach their long-time dynamics faster than passive particles and also show superdiffusive motion at intermediate times...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236112/gravity-effects-on-soret-induced-non-equilibrium-fluctuations-in-ternary-mixtures
#11
Pablo Martínez Pancorbo, José M Ortiz de Zárate, Henri Bataller, Fabrizio Croccolo
We discuss the gravity effects on the dynamics of composition fluctuations in a ternary mixture around the non-equilibrium quiescent state induced by thermodiffusion when subjected to a stationary temperature gradient. We found that the autocorrelation matrix of concentration fluctuations can be expressed as the sum of two exponentially decaying concentration modes. Without accounting for confinement, we obtained exact analytical expressions for the two decay rates which, as a consequence of gravity, display a wave-number-dependent mixing...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236111/limiting-values-of-diffusion-coefficients-of-glycine-alanine-formula-see-text-amino-butyric-acid-norvaline-and-norleucine-in-a-relevant-physiological-aqueous-medium
#12
Diana M Rodriguez, Luis M P Verissimo, Marisa C F Barros, Daniela F S L Rodrigues, Maria Melia Rodrigo, Miguel A Esteso, Carmen M Romero, Ana C F Ribeiro
The side chain effect on transport in ionic aqueous salt solutions was investigated for [Formula: see text]-amino acids glycine, alanine, [Formula: see text]-amino butyric acid, norvaline, and norleucine --that together define a chemical homologous series based on the length of the characteristic side chain which increases from zero to four carbons, respectively. Binary mutual diffusion coefficients at infinitesimal concentration in aqueous solutions of NaCl (0.15 mol kg (-1)) are measured by means of Taylor dispersion technique for this series and significant differences were found against previous published results for identical systems in pure water...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236110/shear-induced-structural-and-thermodynamic-phase-transitions-in-micellar-systems
#13
Angelina Martín Del Campo, J Paulo García-Sandoval, J F Armando Soltero, Fernando Bautista, Octavio Manero, Jorge E Puig
In this contribution a methodology to compute and classify shear-induced structural and phase transitions in surfactant/water mixtures from rheological measurements is presented. Non-linear rheological experiments, considering variations in surfactant concentration and temperature, are analyzed. In particular, the parameters of the BMP (Bautista-Manero-Puig) model, obtained from the fitting of the shear stress versus shear rate data, which are functions of surfactant concentration and temperature, allow classifying structural and phase transition boundaries...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229319/a-review-of-the-structure-and-dynamics-of-nanoconfined-water-and-ionic-liquids-via-molecular-dynamics-simulation
#14
REVIEW
Masumeh Foroutan, S Mahmood Fatemi, Farshad Esmaeilian
During the past decade, the research on fluids in nanoconfined geometries has received considerable attention as a consequence of their wide applications in different fields. Several nanoconfined systems such as water and ionic liquids, together with an equally impressive array of nanoconfining media such as carbon nanotube, graphene and graphene oxide have received increasingly growing interest in the past years. Water is the first system that has been reviewed in this article, due to its important role in transport phenomena in environmental sciences...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213759/convection-of-a-colloidal-suspension-in-a-hele-shaw-cell
#15
B L Smorodin, I N Cherepanov, S N Ishutov, B I Myznikova
The results of a theoretical study are presented dealing with convective heat and mass transfer in a colloidal suspension through a Hele-Shaw cell heated from below. The numerical analysis, based on a multi-component model, reveals that for a certain range of parameter values the dynamical regimes of travelling waves as well as oscillatory fingering formation are stable. The bifurcation phenomena and nonlinear evolution of spatiotemporal patterns that develop in the colloid suspension are modeled and discussed, paying special attention to the combined effects of gravity sedimentation, thermal diffusion with positive separation ratio and convection...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210959/glass-transition-in-hard-core-fluids-and-beyond-using-an-effective-static-structure-in-the-mode-coupling-theory
#16
S Amokrane, F Tchangnwa Nya, J M Ndjaka
The dynamical arrest in classical fluids is studied using a simple modification of the mode coupling theory (MCT) aimed at correcting its overestimation of the tendency to glass formation while preserving its overall structure. As in previous attempts, the modification is based on the idea of tempering the static pair correlations used as input. It is implemented in this work by computing the static structure at a different state point than the one used to solve the MCT equation for the intermediate scattering function, using the pure hard-sphere glass for calibration...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188556/onset-of-soret-induced-convection-in-a-horizontal-layer-of-ternary-fluid-with-fixed-vertical-heat-flux-at-the-boundaries
#17
T P Lyubimova, E S Sadilov, S A Prokopev
The paper deals with the investigation of the onset and weakly nonlinear regimes of the Soret-driven convection of ternary liquid mixture in a horizontal layer with rigid impermeable boundaries subjected to the prescribed constant vertical heat flux. It is found that there are monotonous and oscillatory longwave instability modes. The boundary of the monotonous longwave instability in the parameter plane Rayleigh number Ra - net separation ratio [Formula: see text] at fixed separation ratio of one of solutes consists of two branches of hyperbolic type...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188555/curvature-effects-on-the-velocity-profile-in-turbulent-pipe-flow
#18
Siegfried Grossmann, Detlef Lohse
Prandtl and von Kármán have developed the famous log-law for the mean velocity profile for turbulent flow over a plate. The log-law has also been applied to turbulent pipe flow, though the wall surface is curved (in span-wise direction) and has finite diameter. Here we discuss the theoretical framework, based on the Navier-Stokes equations, with which one can describe curvature effects and also the well-known finite-size effects in the turbulent mean-velocity profile. When comparing with experimental data we confirm that the turbulent eddy viscosity must contain both curvature and finite-size contributions and that the usual ansatz for the turbulent eddy viscosity as being linear in the wall distance is insufficient, both for small and large wall distances...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181056/non-equilibrium-concentration-fluctuations-in-superparamagnetic-nanocolloids
#19
Ana Oprisan, Ashley Rice, Sorinel A Oprisan, Cédric Giraudet, Fabrizio Croccolo
We investigate non-equilibrium concentration fluctuations during the free diffusion of a colloidal suspension against pure water. We investigate Fe2O3 superparamagnetic nanocolloids with sizes between 1 and 10 nm by means of a shadowgraph apparatus to determine the mixture mass diffusion coefficient and kinematic viscosity. The experiments were performed in three distinct conditions: Experiment 1 is without any magnetic field; Experiment 2 with a vertical magnetic field; Experiment 3 after turning off the magnetic field...
February 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124767/dip-coating-in-the-presence-of-an-opposing-marangoni-stress
#20
Sumit Gupta, Naveen Tiwari
Theoretical analysis of the dip coating process of uniformly wetting and selectively wetting substrates with a shear-thinning power-law fluid is presented. The viscosity is modeled by a three-constant Ellis model that allows for Newtonian and power-law fluids at low and high shear, respectively. The effect of an opposing Marangoni stress is studied on the entrained film thickness. Ellis number and Marangoni number are the important parameters in the analysis that control the film thickness. Numerical results show that the film thickness is a monotonically decreasing function of these two parameters...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
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