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European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter

Lyudmila S Klimenko, Dmitry V Lyubimov
This paper is devoted to the study of curvature influence on the average flow generation near the fluid interface. The time averaging of a non-uniform pulsating flow often results in a nonzero average flow in the bulk. The well-known average flow occurs near a solid surface, the so-called Schlichting mechanism of the average flow generation. For flows with a free surface there is the other known mechanism of Longuet-Higgins, according to which the average flow is generated by surface waves traveling on a free surface...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Baudouin Géraud, Loren Jørgensen, Christophe Ybert, Hélène Delanoë-Ayari, Catherine Barentin
Understanding the relationship between the material structural details, the geometrical confining constraints, the local dynamical events and the global rheological response is at the core of present investigations on complex fluid properties. In the present article, this problem is addressed on a model yield stress fluid made of highly entangled polymer gels of Carbopol which follows at the macroscopic scale the well-known Herschel-Bulkley rheological law. First, performing local rheology measurements up to high shear rates ([Formula: see text] s(-1))and under confinement, we evidence unambiguously the breakdown of bulk rheology associated with cooperative processes under flow...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Bjørn Hafskjold
A binary isotope mixture of Lennard-Jones/spline particles at equilibrium was perturbed by a sudden change in the system's boundary temperatures. The system's response was determined by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD). Three transient processes were studied: 1) The propagation of a pressure (shock) wave, 2) heat diffusivity and conduction, and 3) thermal diffusion (the Ludwig-Soret effect). These three processes occur at different time scales, which makes it possible to separate them in one single NEMD run...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Karthik Murugadoss, Purbarun Dhar, Sarit K Das
The impact dynamics and spreading behavior of droplets impinging on structured superhydrophobic surfaces are dependent on both the droplet initial conditions and the surface texture. The equivalence of wetting and dewetting pressures is classically known to be a critical factor in determining the state of a droplet during the contact and spreading phases. The present study extensively examines the underlying physics behind this pressure balance during the impact process and its direct role in determining the wetting process...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Francesco Sciortino
Novel soft matter materials join the resistance of a permanent mesh of strong inter-particle bonds with the self-healing and restructuring properties allowed by bond-swapping processes. Theoretical and numerical studies of the dynamics of coarse-grained models of covalent adaptable networks and vitrimers require effective algorithms for modelling the corresponding evolution of the network topology. Here I propose a simple trick for performing molecular dynamics simulations of bond-swapping network systems with particle-level description...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Meryl A Spencer, Zahera Jabeen, David K Lubensky
In computer simulations of dry foams and of epithelial tissues, vertex models are often used to describe the shape and motion of individual cells. Although these models have been widely adopted, relatively little is known about their basic theoretical properties. For example, while fourfold vertices in real foams are always unstable, it remains unclear whether a simplified vertex model description has the same behavior. Here, we study vertex stability and the dynamics of T1 topological transitions in vertex models...
January 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Mikhail A Osipov, Maxim V Gorkunov
Orientational and translational ordering of anisotropic nanoparticles in the lamellae and hexagonal phases of diblock copolymers have been considered theoretically in the case of strong segregation taking into account the anisotropic interaction between the nanoparticles and the monomers in different blocks. It has been shown that anisotropic nanoparticles are orientationally ordered in the boundary region between the blocks and the nematic order parameter possesses opposite signs in different blocks: the nanoparticles align parallel to the boundary in one block and perpendicular to it in the other...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Frédéric Harb, Marie-Thérèse Giudici-Orticoni, Marianne Guiral, Bernard Tinland
We have studied the translational migration of a monotopic membrane protein, the bacterial sulfide quinone reductase (SQR) in supported n-bilayers ([Formula: see text]) under the influence of an electric field parallel to the membrane plane. The direction of the migration changes when the charge of the protein changes its sign. Measuring mobilities at different pH enables us to gain experimental physico-chemical data on SQR as its isoelectric point and its estimated oligomeric state (at least trimeric) when inserted in a lipid membrane...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Fabrizio Croccolo, Henri Bataller
Fluctuations in the presence of concentration gradients are long-ranged and decay diffusively for small spatial scales. At larger scales fluctuations are influenced by gravity and confinement. The confinement in the direction of the concentration gradient couples to gravity generating a slowing down that ends up in a diffusion-like behavior of fluctuations of size comparable to the vertical extension of the sample. The resulting enhanced diffusion coefficient depends on the solutal Rayleigh number of the system...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Simone Ciarella, Oleg Gang, Francesco Sciortino
We evaluate the phase diagram of a model of tetrameric particles where the arms of the tetrahedra are made by six hard cylinders. An interacting site is present on each one of the four vertices allowing the particles to form a bonded network. These model particles provide a coarse-grained but realistic representation of recently synthesised DNA origami tetrahedra. We show that the resulting network is sufficiently empty to allow for partial interpenetration and it is sufficiently flexible to avoid crystallisation (at least on the numerical time scale), satisfying both criteria requested for the observation of a liquid-liquid critical point in tetrahedrally coordinated particles...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Philipp Baaske, Henri Bataller, Marco Braibanti, Marina Carpineti, Roberto Cerbino, Fabrizio Croccolo, Aleksandar Donev, Werner Köhler, José M Ortiz de Zárate, Alberto Vailati
Diffusion and thermal diffusion processes in a liquid mixture are accompanied by long-range non-equilibrium fluctuations, whose amplitude is orders of magnitude larger than that of equilibrium fluctuations. The mean-square amplitude of the non-equilibrium fluctuations presents a scale-free power law behavior q(-4) as a function of the wave vector q, but the divergence of the amplitude of the fluctuations at small wave vectors is prevented by the presence of gravity. In microgravity conditions the non-equilibrium fluctuations are fully developed and span all the available length scales up to the macroscopic size of the systems in the direction parallel to the applied gradient...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Cédric Giraudet, Henri Bataller, Yifei Sun, Aleksandar Donev, José M Ortiz de Zárate, Fabrizio Croccolo
In a recent letter (C. Giraudet et al., EPL 111, 60013 (2015)) we reported preliminary data showing evidence of a slowing-down of non-equilibrium fluctuations of the concentration in thermodiffusion experiments on a binary mixture of miscible fluids. The reason for this slowing-down was attributed to the effect of confinement. Such tentative explanation is here experimentally corroborated by new measurements and theoretically substantiated by studying analytically and numerically the relevant fluctuating hydrodynamics equations...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Pawel Pieranski, Simon Čopar, Maria Helena Godinho, Mallory Dazza
We show how to easily generate point defects called hedgehogs, in the so-called quasi-planar texture --the dowser state-- of a nematic layer confined between surfaces with homeotropic anchoring conditions. We point out that the dowser texture can be preserved infinitely in spite of its higher energy with respect to the homogeneous homeotropic texture. For topological reasons the dowser state in a squeezed droplet must contain at least one hedgehog. We submitted this hedgehog to a rotating magnetic field and controlled the continuous evolution, transitioning continuously between radial, hyperbolic and circular hedgehogs, which, just as in previous experiments by Lavrentovich et al...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Ilya I Ryzhkov, Sofia V Kozlova
The stationary and transient Soret separation in a binary mixture with a consolute critical point is studied theoretically. The mixture is placed between two parallel plates kept at different temperatures. A polymer blend is used as a model system. Analytical solutions are constructed to describe the stationary separation in a binary mixture with variable Soret coefficient. The latter strongly depends on temperature and concentration and enhances near a consolute critical point due to reduced diffusion. As a result, a large concentration gradient is observed locally, while much smaller concentration variations are found in the rest of the layer...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Olga Syshchyk, Dzmitry Afanasenkau, Zilin Wang, Hartmut Kriegs, Johan Buitenhuis, Simone Wiegand
We study the thermodiffusion behavior of spherical polystyrene beads with a diameter of 25 nm by infrared thermal diffusion Forced Rayleigh Scattering (IR-TDFRS). Similar beads were used to investigate the radial dependence of the Soret coefficient by different authors. While Duhr and Braun (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 9346 (2007)) observed a quadratic radial dependence Braibanti et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 108303 (2008)) found a linear radial dependence of the Soret coefficient. We demonstrated that special care needs to be taken to obtain reliable thermophoretic data, because the measurements are very sensitive to surface properties...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
I Yu Golushko, S B Rochal, V L Lorman
The tubular lipid membranes (TLMs) pulled out from vesicles are often used in in vitro studies of the interactions between curvature-inducing proteins and highly curved membranes. The protein molecules adsorbed at the membrane surface deform the TLM and couple with each other due to the induced strain. Here we propose an approach which models the single curvature-inducing protein action on the lipid bilayer by the multipole, the superposition of the point forces applied to the membrane in the region of the protein adsorption...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
F Croccolo, J M Ortiz de Zárate, J V Sengers
Fluids in non-equilibrium steady states exhibit long-range fluctuations which extend over the entire system. They can be described by non-equilibrium thermodynamics and fluctuating hydrodynamics that assume local equilibrium for the thermophysical properties as a function of space and time. The experimental evidence for the consistency between this assumption of local equilibrium in the equations and the non-local fluctuation phenomena observed is reviewed.
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Madison S Krieger
Recent experiments have shown that many species of microorganisms leave a solid surface at a fixed angle determined by steric interactions and near-field hydrodynamics. This angle is completely independent of the incoming angle. For several collisions in a closed body this determines a unique type of billiard system, an aspecular billiard in which the outgoing angle is fixed for all collisions. We analyze such a system using numerical simulation of this billiard for varying tables and outgoing angles, and also utilize the theory of one-dimensional maps and wavefront dynamics...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Marco Maccarini, Erik B Watkins, Barry Stidder, Jean-Pierre Alcaraz, Bruce A Cornell, Donald K Martin
Tethered lipid bilayer membranes (tBLM) are planar membranes composed of free lipids and molecules tethered to a solid planar substrate providing a useful model of biological membranes for a wide range of biophysical studies and biotechnological applications. The properties of the tBLM depend on the free lipids and on the chemistry of the tethering molecules. We present a nanoscale characterization of a tBLM composed of deuterated 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (d-DMPC) free lipids, benzyl disulfide undecaethylene glycol phytanol (DLP) tethering molecules, and benzyl disulfiide tetraethylene glycol polar spacer molecules (PSM) used to control the areal density of tethering molecules through coadsorption...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Joan Manuel Montes de Oca, J Ariel Rodriguez Fris, Sebastián R Accordino, David C Malaspina, Gustavo A Appignanesi
By combining the local structure index with potential energy minimisations we study the local environment of the water molecules for a couple of water models, TIP5P-Ew and SPC/E, in order to characterise low- and high-density "species". Both models show a similar behaviour within the supercooled regime, with two clearly distinguishable populations of unstructured and structured molecules, the fraction of the latter increasing with supercooling. Additionally, for TIP5P-Ew, we find that the structured component vanishes quickly at the normal liquid regime (above the melting temperature)...
December 2016: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
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