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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904433/isolated-intramuscular-cysticercosis
#1
COMMENT
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904432/corrections-of-frequencies-of-cytochrome-p450-2b6-and-2c8-allelic-variants-in-the-mozambican-population
#2
COMMENT
Mostafa Saadat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904431/term-live-secondary-abdominal-pregnancy-a-case-report
#3
Deepika Pannu, Rekha Bharti, H P Anand, Manjula Sharma
Term, live abdominal pregnancy secondary to rupture of a uterine rudimentary horn is a rare condition. Pregnancies conceived in the rudimentary horn of the uterus usually rupture during early gestation and present as a catastrophic event. However, rarely, after rupture of the uterine horn the foetus may continue to grow in the abdominal cavity and reach term gestation. A primigravida with a term pregnancy was referred to our centre for caesarean section with ultrasonography findings of transverse lie and placenta previa...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904430/natalizumab-related-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-a-case-report-highlighting-clinical-and-mri-features
#4
Bela Purohit, Eranga Ganewatte, Spyros S Kollias
Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with natalizumab often face the uncommon but severe complication of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). PML may be further complicated by immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) after the removal of the drug. Since both PML and IRIS are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, early clinical and radiological diagnosis of these complications is of paramount importance. Here, we report a case of an adult male patient who was diagnosed with PML after receiving natalizumab therapy for 6 years for the treatment of MS...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904429/there-are-no-differences-between-factors-determining-graft-infection-in-autologous-bone-flap-replacement-and-acrylic-cranioplasty-a-prospective-observational-study-at-hospital-kuala-lumpur
#5
Siti Azleen Mohamad, Mohd Safari Mohd Haspani, Badrisyah Idris
OBJECTIVES: This study, conducted in 2012, was performed to determine the incidence of graft infection after cranioplasty procedures and factors affecting the graft infection rate at Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL). METHODOLOGY: This was an observational cross-sectional case study of patients who have undergone cranioplasty at HKL over a period of one year (2012). One hundred seventy-two patients were included in the study. A total of 105 (61.8%) cases were autologous bone flap replacements, and 67 (38...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904428/a-cross-sectional-anthropometric-study-of-cranial-capacity-among-ukwuani-people-of-south-nigeria
#6
Dennis Erhisenebe Eboh, Ewaen Churchill Okoro, Kingsley Afoke Iteire
BACKGROUND: Cranial capacity is used as a measure of brain volume and has a relationship with age and gender. The purpose of this study was to provide normative data and population-, age- and gender-specific regression formulae related to cranial capacity using head dimensions among the Ukwuani people of Nigeria. METHODS: This study included 605 subjects grouped according to age as follows: 6-12 years, 13-19 years and ≥20 years. A cross-sectional study design using multistage sampling technique was adopted...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904427/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-enterobacteriaceae-on-hands-of-workers-in-halal-cattle-abattoirs-in-peninsular-malaysia
#7
Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Muhammad Tukur Adamu, Mohd Nasir Mohd Desa, Siti Khairani-Bejo
BACKGROUND: Several occupational diseases of multiple origins are encountered among abattoir workers. Presence of indicator microorganisms (coliforms) on hands of workers can be used a gauge for hygienic practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the prevalence of E.coli and enterobacteriaceae among Halal abattoir workers in some government halal abattoirs of Malaysia. A total of one hundred and sixty-five hand swab samples were collected from workers of Halal abattoirs in Malaysia...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904426/a-survey-of-iron-supplementation-consumption-and-its-related-factors-in-high-school-students-in-southeast-iran-2015
#8
Mohammad Khammarnia, Zahra Amani, Mahsa Hajmohammadi, Alireza Ansari-Moghadam, Marzieh Eslahi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of iron supplement consumption and its associated factors among high school students in Iran. METHODS: A mixed-methods (quantitative-qualitative) study was conducted in Zahedan, southeast Iran, in 2015. The sample comprised 400 high school students from different areas of Zahedan who were randomly selected. A standard questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to collect data in the quantitative and qualitative phases, respectively...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904425/association-of-thyroid-profile-and-prolactin-level-in-patient-with-secondary-amenorrhea
#9
Sujata Shrestha, Sunita Neupane, Narayan Gautam, Raju Kumar Dubey, Amit Chandra Jha, Nilesh Raj Doshi, Archana Jayan
BACKGROUND: Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual periods. It has multiple social consequences as it may leads to infertility. This case control study was conducted for determining the association of thyroid hormones with hyperprolactinemia in patient with amenorrhea. METHODS: We investigated 50 women with diagnosed cases of secondary amenorrhoea, who attended UCMS hospital, for hormonal evaluations. Fifty two healthy women were taken as the controls. The thyroid dysfunction and serum prolactin level were reviewed in cases and in the controls...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#10
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904423/perceived-stress-among-malaysian-railway-workers
#11
Sami Abdo Radman Al-Dubai, Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Ramadan Elkalmi, Mohammed Alshakka, Nizar Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Stress is a common work-related problem worldwide. Railway workers are predominantly stressed due to their rigid protocols and limited rest opportunities. This study aimed to determine the level of, and factors associated with, stress among railway workers in Malaysia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among all 729 railway workers employed at Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) in eight states in Malaysia via a postal survey. The self-administered questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic characteristics and the validated Malay version of Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10)...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904422/the-effect-of-preventive-therapeutic-and-protective-exercises-on-hippocampal-memory-mediators-in-stressed-rats
#12
Maryam Radahmadi, Nasrin Hosseini, Hojjatallah Alaei, Mohammad Reza Sharifi
BACKGROUND: Exercise plays a significant role in learning and memory. The present study focuses on the hippocampal corticosterone (CORT), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), glucose, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in preventive, therapeutic, and protective exercises in stressful conditions. METHODS: Forty male rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control group and the preventive, therapeutic, and protective exercise groups. The treadmill running was applied at a speed of 20-21m/min and a chronic stress of 6 hours/day for 21 days...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904421/cannabis-induced-moto-cognitive-dysfunction-in-wistar-rats-ameliorative-efficacy-of-nigella-sativa
#13
Aminu Imam, Moyosore Saliu Ajao, Abdulbasit Amin, Wahab Imam Abdulmajeed, Abdulmumin Ibrahim, Olayemi Joseph Olajide, Musa Iyiola Ajibola, Abdulmusawir Alli-Oluwafuyi, Wasiu Gbolahan Balogun
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is a widely used illicit drug with various threats of personality syndrome, and Nigella sativa has been widely implicated as having therapeutic efficacy in many neurological diseases. The present study investigates the ameliorative efficacy of Nigella sativa oil (NSO) on cannabis-induced moto-cognitive defects. METHODS: Scopolamine (1 mg/kg i.p.) was given to induce dementia as a standard base line for cannabis (20 mg/kg)-induced cognitive impairment, followed by an oral administration of NSO (1 ml/kg) for 14 consecutive days...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904420/role-of-the-whole-body-vibration-machine-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-osteoporosis-in-old-age-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Myint Swe, Biju Benjamin, Aye Aye Tun, Sandheep Sugathan
A literature search of related articles was carried out in electronic data sources. Initially, 276 randomised controlled trials related to the title were collected, after which 44 were selected using the keywords. Overlapping articles, articles with a study duration of less than six months, and studies involving young participants were removed from the list. The remaining 20 articles were checked for entitlement using the PEDro scale. A total of nine eligible articles with 1486 participants were analysed. Seven trials used dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to measure bone mineral density (BMD)...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904419/reporting-statistical-results-in-medical-journals
#15
EDITORIAL
Wan Nor Arifin, Abdullah Sarimah, Bachok Norsa'adah, Yaacob Najib Majdi, Ab Hamid Siti-Azrin, Musa Kamarul Imran, Abd Aziz Aniza, Lin Naing
Statistical editors of the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (MJMS) must go through many submitted manuscripts, focusing on the statistical aspect of the manuscripts. However, the editors notice myriad styles of reporting the statistical results, which are not standardised among the authors. This could be due to the lack of clear written instructions on reporting statistics in the guidelines for authors. The aim of this editorial is to briefly outline reporting methods for several important and common statistical results...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660551/to-err-is-human-but-failing-to-attempt-is-negligence-the-hidden-perspectives-that-limit-intravenous-antibiotic-administration-during-third-molar-surgery-in-general-practice
#16
Ramasamy Chidambaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660550/unicentric-castleman-disease-an-unusual-cause-of-an-isolated-neck-mass
#17
Anjay Kumar, Krittika Aggarwal, Himanshu Agrawal, Sonal Sharma, Pankaj Kumar Garg
Castleman disease (CD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown aetiology. It manifests in two distinct clinical presentations: unicentric and multicentric. Unicentric CD is rare and may present as an isolated neck mass. A 22-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of right neck swelling that occupied the posterior triangle of the right neck region. After surgical exploration, a solitary, well defined, and hyper vascular mass was excise. A histopathological examination confirmed the lesion as CD, hyaline-vascular variant...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660549/rare-presentation-of-pseudomyxoma-retroperitonei-stretching-the-limits
#18
Roumina Hasan, Sandeep Kumar, Anuradha Ck Rao, Rajagopal Kadavigere
A 55-year-old woman presented with a mucopurulent sinusal discharge from the right supragluteal region, with symptoms over the previous five months. This abscess began as a slowly swelling growth, which eventually turned into a discharging sinus, and she was diagnosed with a gluteal abscess. The patient underwent incisional drainage, and intra-operatively, the sinus tract could be seen extending to the retroperitoneum. A subsequent CT scan and an MRI of the abdomen revealed a large heterogeneous retroperitoneal cystic mass on the right side of midline, extending inferiorly into the anterior thigh along the iliopsoas...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660548/thymectomy-for-myasthenia-gravis-a-10-year-review-of-cases-at-the-hospital-universiti-sains-malaysia
#19
Julieana Muhammed, Chui Yin Chen, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam, Mohamad Ziyadi Ghazali
BACKGROUND: A thymectomy is considered effective for patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Although a few studies have described the role of a thymectomy in the treatment of MG in Asians countries, there are no published data on the application of this surgical approach for MG in Malaysia. We aimed to describe the clinical outcomes of MG patients who underwent a thymectomy and the factors affecting these outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving 16 patients with MG who underwent a thymectomy at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) from January 2002 until December 2012, with a follow-up period ranging from 3-120 months...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660547/a-ten-year-kuala-lumpur-review-on-laser-posterior-cordectomy-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#20
Azman Mawaddah, Mat Baki Marina, Sawali Halimuddin, Mohd Yunus Mohd Razif, Sani Abdullah
Bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) is commonly caused by injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and leads to stridor and dyspnea of varying onsets. A retrospective study was done at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre on laser microsurgical posterior cordectomy for BVFI. The objectives were to identify the average duration of onset of stridor from the time of insult and to evaluate the outcome of laser posterior cordectomy as a surgical option. From 1997 to 2007, a total of 31 patients with BVFI were referred for surgery...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
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