Read by QxMD icon Read

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS

Kanmani Devi Ganison, Mohammad Saffari Mohammad Haspani, Norzaini Rose Mohd Zain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Arvin Rajadurai, Aida Abdul Aziz, Noor Aida Mat Daud, Abdul Fatah Abdul Wahab, Ahmad Sobri Muda
Introduction: Venous aneurysms are not as common as their arterial counterpart. The choice of management is debatable. Case Report: We present the case of a teenage boy with left external jugular vein aneurysm treated by endovascular technique. Embolisation was done using pushable microcoils with access via the femoral vein and direct puncture. Conclusion: This form of treatment provides a less-invasive option with a more concrete evaluation of the venous abnormality and its drainage during venous aneurysm occlusion...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Tarun Ralot, Chander Bafna, Surender Singh, Shubhkaran Sharma
Persistent neutrophilic meningitis is an atypical form of chronic meningitis defined as clinical meningitis with a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis suggestive of neutrophilic pleocytosis that persists for more than one week despite giving empirical antimicrobial therapy. The predominant presentation of tubercular meningitis is with CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis and even if early phase of the disease presents with neutrophilic pleocytosis, no persistence is usually observed for more than one week. We hereby report the case of an immunocompetent man aged 25 years with tubercular meningitis manifesting as persistent neutrophilic meningitis which is very rare as an entity in tubercular meningitis (TBM)...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Ang Song Yee, John Tharakan, Zamzuri Idris, Shalini Bhaskar, Sanihah Abdul Halim, Salmi Abd Razak, Zabidi Azhar Mohd Hussin, Regunath Kandasamy, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin Wan Hassan, Laila Mukmin, Mohamad Hasyizan Hassan, Tan Yew Chin, Badrisyah Idris, Abdul Rahman Izaini Ghani, Hillol Kanti Pal, Jain George, Sani Sayuthi, Mohamed Saufi Awang, Jafri Malin Abdullah
Epilepsy surgery has been performed by a few centres in Malaysia, including Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). To date, a total of 15 patients have undergone epilepsy surgery in HUSM. The epilepsy surgery included anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) with amygdalohippocampectomy (AH) and Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS). The surgical outcomes of the patients were assessed using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) outcome scale. The ILAE scores for patients who underwent ATL with AH were comparatively better than those who underwent VNS...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Yusrita Zolkefli
Choice is what we all want, as most would say. There is a growing cognisance that patients can and should play an important role in deciding their own care, in defining optimal care, and in improving healthcare delivery. Popular concepts such as patient-centred care, patient empowerment, and patients as partners, shared decision making, and informed choice illustrate the emancipation of patient. The paper describes that choice is not necessarily a good thing in health care; however, that does not rebut the significance of choice...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Mohd Shaiful Azlan Kassim, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Noor Safiza Mohamad Nor, Rashidah Ambak
Background: The obesity rate in Malaysia is the highest in Asia. Half its population is obese or overweight. The present study aims to determine the effects of lifestyle intervention on weight loss and blood pressure among Malaysian overweight and obese housewives in Klang Valley. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with 328 obese and overweight low socio- economic status housewives aged 18-59 years old who met the screening criteria participated in the study. They were recruited into an intervention group (N = 169) or control group (N = 159)...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Tengku Mardhiah Tengku Jalal, Sarimah Abdullah, Farhanah Abd Wahab, Sharina Dir, Nyi Nyi Naing
Background: One of the six strategies developed by WHO, in order to stop Tuberculosis (TB) is addressing TB/HIV high-risk groups. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of successful TB treatment and factors associated with TB treatment success among TB/HIV co-infection patients in North-East Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the a-year period from 2003 to 2012 by reviewing TB/HIV records in all hospitals and health clinics. The outcome of interest was treatment success as defined by Ministry of Health (MOH) when the patients was cured or completed TB treatment...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Pooi Pooi Cheah, Azmin Kass Rosman, Chee Keong Cheang, Badrisyah Idris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Prabu Rau Sriram, Puliventhan Sellamuthu, Abdul Rahman Izani Ghani
Background: Despite the broad category of differentials for sellar region, most of them present with similar clinical signs and symptoms. Headache and visual disturbance are among the frequently seen as presenting symptom. Visual field (VF) assessment is one of the crucial component of neuroophtalmologic assessment and mean deviation (MD) value from automated perimetry allows quantification of the visual field defect. We formulated a study to look into the factors that affect the visual field outcome after surgery...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Siti Balkis Budin, Jia Hui Kho, Jia Hui Lee, Anand Ramalingam, Fatin Farhana Jubaidi, Elda Surhaida Latif, Satirah Zainalabidin, Izatus Shima Taib, Jamaludin Mohamed
Background: Nicotine is a major toxic and hazardous component of cigarette smoke, and it has been widely used in nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). This study was aimed to investigate the effects of chronic low-dose nicotine on sperm characteristics and reproductive organ integrity in adolescent male Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods: Twelve rats were equally divided into two groups. Group I received normal saline, and group II received 0.6 mg/kg body weight nicotine intraperitoneally for 28 consecutive days...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Wahyu Widyaningsih, Suwidjiyo Pramono, Zulaela, Sugiyanto, Sitarina Widyarini
Background: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a major role in myocardial damage during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study aimed to determine the antioxidant and antiapoptotic activities of an ethanolic extract from Ulva lactuca L. (EEUL) against AMI. Methods: Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into six groups: one control group and five treatment groups. Treatment group II was given 85 mg/kg body weight (BW) of isoproterenol (ISO). Group III, IV and V were given ISO and EEUL at 250, 500 and 750 mg/kg BW, respectively...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Muhammad Khairi Ahmad, Yasser M Tabana, Mowaffaq Adam Ahmed, Doblin Anak Sandai, Rafeezul Mohamed, Ida Shazrina Ismail, Nurulisa Zulkiflie, Muhammad Amir Yunus
Background: A norovirus maintains its viability, infectivity and virulence by its ability to replicate. However, the biological mechanisms of the process remain to be explored. In this work, the NanoLuc™ Luciferase gene was used to develop a reporter-tagged replicon system to study norovirus replication. Methods: The NanoLuc™ Luciferase reporter protein was engineered to be expressed as a fusion protein for MNV-1 minor capsid protein, VP2. The foot-and-mouth disease virus 2A (FMDV2A) sequence was inserted between the 3'end of the reporter gene and the VP2 start sequence to allow co-translational 'cleavage' of fusion proteins during intracellular transcript expression...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Wan Mohd Nazaruddin Wan Hassan, Anafairos Md Nayan, Azmi Abu Hassan, Rhendra Hardy Mohamad Zaini
Background: Abdominal hysterectomy (AH) is painful. The aim of this study was to compare intrathecal morphine (ITM) and epidural bupivacaine (EB) for their analgaesia effectiveness after this surgery. Methods: Thirty-two patients undergoing elective AH were randomised into Group ITM (ITM 0.2 mg + 2.5 mL 0.5% bupivacaine) (n = 16) and Group EB (0.25% bupivacaine bolus + continuous infusion of 0.1% bupivacaine-fentanyl 2 μg/mL) (n = 16).The procedure was performed before induction, and all patients subsequently received standard general anaesthesia...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Hew Hei Choy, Aniza Ismail
The relationship based on trust is exceptionally important in healthcare, where life or death and quality of health are major concerns. Relational crack jeopardises the provision of quality healthcare when trust is taken for granted. Trust is believed to be the vital key to minimise medical negligence, lawsuits and patient complaints towards healthcare providers while acting as an empowering agent to significant clinical outcomes. Trust is indispensable to healthcare. However, to identify its deterioration is not a simple feature...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Nour Azimah Zulkapli, Jafri Malin Abdullah
This editorial aims to report on the performance of the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (MJMS) in the year 2016. The performance report is based on an analysis of the auto-generated data compiled from the ScholarOne Manuscripts™. It will specifically focus on the pattern of manuscript submission, geographical distribution of contributors, manuscript submission by month and the acceptance-rejection rate of post-review manuscripts. It will also discuss the effects of the decision to raise the article acceptance standards...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Jian Liang Tan, Sudzilla Nordin, Alwi Muhd Besari
Introduction: Tuberculosis is the second leading cause of death under the category of infectious diseases, after the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) constitutes about 5% of all extrapulmonary disease worldwide. This report describes a case of Tuberculous meningitis with rare presentation in a 28-year-old woman, who was treated based on a collection of her social background, clinical findings and Multiplex PCR of tuberculosis. Case presentation: A 28-year-old Malay woman with no significant medical history presented to HUSM with one month history of on and off fever, two weeks history of generalised limbs weakness and one week history of dysphagia...
October 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Eda Albayrak, Fitnet Sonmezgoz, Zafer Ozmen, Fatma Aktas, Aysegul Altunkas
A 26-year-old female patient with Type 1 Gaucher's disease (GD) was admitted to our clinic with complaints of stomachache and signs of anemia. The patient underwent ultrasonography (US), computerised tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Imaging studies revealed massive hepatosplenomegaly, choledocolithiasis, and six nodules in the spleen with a mean size of 14 mm. The nodules appeared hyperechoic, hypoechoic, and of mixed echogenicity on the US and hypodense on the CT. While the nodules were observed to be iso-hypointense in T1-weighted (T1WI) images, they appeared to be hyperintense in the T2-weighted (T2WI) images...
October 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Nooranida Arifin, Hasif Rafidee Hasbollah, Muhammad Hafiz Hanafi, Al Hafiz Ibrahim, Wan Afezah Wan Abdul Rahman, Roslizawati Che Aziz
The incidence of lower limb amputation is high across the globe and continues to be a major threat to morbidity and mortality. Consequently, the provision of high quality and effective prosthetics services have been known as an essential component for a successful rehabilitation outcome. In Malaysia, amputation prevalence has been increasing in which several main components of service delivering aspects (such as service intervention, prosthetic personnel) should be anticipated to accommodate for the increasing demand...
October 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Wan Nor Arifin, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin
Animal research plays an important role in the pre-clinical phase of clinical trials. In animal studies, the power analysis approach to sample size calculation is recommended. Whenever it is not possible to assume the standard deviation and the effect size, an alternative to the power analysis approach is the 'resource equation' approach, which sets the acceptable range of the error degrees of freedom (DF) in an analysis of variance (ANOVA). The aim of this article is to guide researchers in calculating the minimum and maximum numbers of animals required in animal research by reformulating the error DF formulas...
October 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Bini Faizal, Sangeetha Gangadharan, Krishnakumar Thankappan
Background: Sialendoscopy is gaining in popularity in treating calculus disease. The delicacy of the instrument and the diameter of the salivary ducts are factors that limit the ability to achieve complete success. There is also continued speculation regarding the utility of the procedure, especially among clinicians who are masters of conventional methods like sialadenectomy and sialodochotomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy of sialendoscopy over conventional methods in treating sialolithiasis...
October 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"