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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS

Ramasamy Chidambaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Anjay Kumar, Krittika Aggarwal, Himanshu Agrawal, Sonal Sharma, Pankaj Kumar Garg
Castleman disease (CD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown aetiology. It manifests in two distinct clinical presentations: unicentric and multicentric. Unicentric CD is rare and may present as an isolated neck mass. A 22-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of right neck swelling that occupied the posterior triangle of the right neck region. After surgical exploration, a solitary, well defined, and hyper vascular mass was excise. A histopathological examination confirmed the lesion as CD, hyaline-vascular variant...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Roumina Hasan, Sandeep Kumar, Anuradha Ck Rao, Rajagopal Kadavigere
A 55-year-old woman presented with a mucopurulent sinusal discharge from the right supragluteal region, with symptoms over the previous five months. This abscess began as a slowly swelling growth, which eventually turned into a discharging sinus, and she was diagnosed with a gluteal abscess. The patient underwent incisional drainage, and intra-operatively, the sinus tract could be seen extending to the retroperitoneum. A subsequent CT scan and an MRI of the abdomen revealed a large heterogeneous retroperitoneal cystic mass on the right side of midline, extending inferiorly into the anterior thigh along the iliopsoas...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Julieana Muhammed, Chui Yin Chen, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam, Mohamad Ziyadi Ghazali
BACKGROUND: A thymectomy is considered effective for patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Although a few studies have described the role of a thymectomy in the treatment of MG in Asians countries, there are no published data on the application of this surgical approach for MG in Malaysia. We aimed to describe the clinical outcomes of MG patients who underwent a thymectomy and the factors affecting these outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving 16 patients with MG who underwent a thymectomy at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) from January 2002 until December 2012, with a follow-up period ranging from 3-120 months...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Azman Mawaddah, Mat Baki Marina, Sawali Halimuddin, Mohd Yunus Mohd Razif, Sani Abdullah
Bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) is commonly caused by injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and leads to stridor and dyspnea of varying onsets. A retrospective study was done at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre on laser microsurgical posterior cordectomy for BVFI. The objectives were to identify the average duration of onset of stridor from the time of insult and to evaluate the outcome of laser posterior cordectomy as a surgical option. From 1997 to 2007, a total of 31 patients with BVFI were referred for surgery...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Hilwati Hashim, A Sobri Muda, Aida Abdul Aziz, Zuhanis Abdul Hamid
INTRODUCTION: Embolisation has long been used as an adjunct to surgical resection in the treatment of brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM). The most commonly used embolic material, n-butylcyanoacrylate glue, requires experience and skill to handle its quick and unpredictable flow and polymerisation. A new liquid embolic agent, ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx), is less adhesive and polymerises slowly, which provides better control for radiologists performing embolisation. OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in embolisation using Onyx alone or in combination with histoacryl for bAVM embolisation in our tertiary referral centre...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Ardalan Shariat, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin, Manohar Arumugam, Mahmoud Danaee, Rajesh Ramasamy
Pain in specific areas of the body (including the lower back, neck, and shoulders) due to extended periods of sitting and inactivity is the most widespread musculoskeletal disorder worldwide and has consequences that are both socio-economic and personal. This condition is particularly prevalent in industrialised countries, affecting roughly 70% to 80% of adults at some point in their lives; approximately 1% of the U.S. population is chronically disabled by this type of pain disorder. A practical way to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among office workers would have a significant positive impact...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Mohammad Hossein Kaveh, Jeyran Ostovarfar, Sareh Keshavarzi, Leila Ghahremani
The individual's perception of health, when health is understood to include many dimensions of life, is considered the basis for any improvement in health status. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Perceived Wellness Scale (PWS) by applying it to employees of the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 180 staff members of the university selected by convenience sampling. The study instrument was a Persian version of the PWS prepared through a translation and back-translation process...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Bee Chiu Lim, Yee Cheng Kueh, Wan Nor Arifin, Kok Huan Ng
BACKGROUND: Heart disease knowledge is an important concept for health education, yet there is lack of evidence on proper validated instruments used to measure levels of heart disease knowledge in the Malaysian context. METHODS: A cross-sectional, survey design was conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the adapted English version of the Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire (HDKQ). Using proportionate cluster sampling, 788 undergraduate students at Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, were recruited and completed the HDKQ...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Normawati Mat Said, Kamarul Imran Musa, Mohamed Ashraf Mohamed Daud, Juhara Haron
PURPOSE: We compared the patency and the suitability of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) created for vascular access by two approaches: (a) physical examination with preoperative vascular mapping and (b) physical examination alone. METHODS: We compared the patency and the suitability of AVF created in patients for dialysis. There were two cohorts of patients of 79 patients each: (a) patients with AVF created based on the combination of physical examination and preoperative vascular mapping (PE+VM) and (b) patients with AVF created based on physical examination (PE) alone...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Omar Salad Elmi, Habsah Hasan, Sarimah Abdullah, Mat Zuki Mat Jeab, Zilfalil Ba, Nyi Nyi Naing
BACKGROUND: Treating patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) strains is more complicated, complex, toxic, expensive, than treating patients with susceptible TB strains. This study aims to compare the treatment outcomes and potential factors associated between patients with MDR-TB and non MDR TB infections in peninsular Malaysia. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Data were collected from the medical records of all registered MDR-TB patients and Non-MDR-TB patients at five TB hospitals in peninsular Malaysia from January 2010 to January 2014...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Nor Azila Noh
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive, non-pharmacological technique that is able to modulate cortical activity beyond the stimulation period. The residual aftereffects are akin to the plasticity mechanism of the brain and suggest the potential use of TMS for therapy. For years, TMS has been shown to transiently improve symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders, but the underlying neural correlates remain elusive. Recently, there is evidence that altered connectivity of brain network dynamics is the mechanism underlying symptoms of various neuropsychiatric illnesses...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Nour Azimah Zulkapli, Suhana Sobi, Nor Azlina Mohd Zubaidi, Jafri Malin Abdullah
The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (MJMS) has conducted a simple analysis of its scholarly publication, based on the auto-generated data compiled from ScholarOne Manuscripts(™), an innovative, web-based, submission and peer-review workflow solution for scholarly publishers. The performance of the MJMS from 2014-2015 is reported on in this editorial, with a focus on the pattern of manuscript submission, geographical contributors and the acceptance-rejection rate. The total number of manuscript submissions has increased from 264 in 2014, to 272 in 2015...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Satheesha Nayak Badagabettu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Ramasamy Chidambaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Nithya Ramanathan, Khairul Azmi Kamaruddin, Aizzat Othman, Fadhli Mustafa, Mohamed Saufi Awang
Cystic meningioma is a rare form of intracranial meningioma. Meningiomas are typically solid tumors but may rarely have cystic components. The diagnosis of cystic meningioma is clinically challenging as the finding of multiple intra-axial tumors, including metastatic tumors, is relatively common. We report a case of cystic meningioma initially diagnosed as a metastatic tumor from a recurrence of acute lymphoid leukemia. However, postoperative histopathological examination demonstrated an atypical meningioma...
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Pradeep Pradhan, Abhishek Bhardwaj, V P Venkatachalam
We report a case of bilateral cricoarytenoid joint arthritis with history of rheumatoid arthritis, presented with stridor to the outpatient department. Endolaryngoscopy revealed adducted vocal cords and a nodule over left arytenoid which later confirmed to be rheumatoid nodule on histopathologic examination. Initially, although patient responded well to medical treatment, recurrence was noticed after 6 months follow-up.
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Mehdi Fatahi Bafghi, Nader Yousefi
Activated sludge process is a biological process that is widely used in the domestic and industrial wastewater treatment in over the world. The foam formation is often reported in wastewater treatment plants which are related to this process. Some operational problems can be created by foaming, such as effluent quality deteriorates, the creation of malodorous, increased time requirements in order to plant maintenance, and in extreme cases, hazardous working conditions resulting from foam spilling out of the aeration basin and as well as increased in operational costs...
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Adawiyah Jamil, Leelavathi Muthupalaniappen, Norazirah Md Nor, Harlina Halizah Siraj, Abdus Salam
BACKGROUND: Dermatology is a minor module in internal medicine undergraduate curriculum. Limited time is allocated for its teaching. Most graduates are inadequately prepared to diagnose and manage skin diseases. We aimed to identify the core content of a more effective dermatology module. METHODS: A modified Delphi method was used to reach a consensus. A questionnaire was developed by a selected panel and sent to 20 dermatologists, family physicians and general practitioners (GPs), respectively...
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Mohammed Aljarousha, Noor Ezailina Badarudin, Mohd Zulfaezal Che Azemin
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes may affect the human body's systems and organs, including the eye. Diabetic retinopathy is the 5th leading cause of blindness globally. Diabetic subjects demonstrated dry eye symptoms that were also supported by the low values of the clinical tests. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the dry eye symptoms and signs between diabetics and non-diabetics and tear functions between diabetic subjects with and without dry eye. METHODS: This retrospective study was based on the observation of 643 medical files...
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
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