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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951697/organophosphate-poisoning-and-terrorism
#1
Tetsuya Tanimoto, Yasuo Oshima, Koichiro Yuji, Akihiko Ozaki, Masahiro Kami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951696/brown-s%C3%A3-quard-syndrome-as-a-first-presentation-of-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Tarun Kumar Ralot, Rambir Singh, Chander Bafna, S Rajesh, Surender Singh
A female patient aged 48 years presented with sub-acute onset of weakness in right upper and lower limb over the past one month and numbness over left side of body below neck level. Multiple sclerosis (MS) presenting as Brown-Séquard syndrome is very rare. We present a case of hemicord myelitis which presented as Brown-Séquard syndrome as a first manifestation, which was later diagnosed as MS during subsequent relapses.
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951695/acute-non-fulminant-viral-hepatitis-e-presenting-with-acute-pancreatitis-an-unusual-presentation
#3
Ayusmati Thakur, Partha Pratim Basu
Acute pancreatitis is considered to be an extremely rare extrahepatic manifestation of acute viral hepatitis E. The incidence is reported to be around 5%-6% in the available case series. It has usually been reported in non-fulminant cases of acute viral hepatitis E in the second or third week of illness, with a favourable outcome. Here, we report the case of a young male subject with acute viral hepatitis E presenting as acute pancreatitis at its onset and exhibiting a prolonged recovery phase. To the authors' knowledge, such a presentation of acute viral hepatitis E as acute pancreatitis at its inception has been only sparsely reported in the available literature...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951694/efficacy-of-topical-coriandrum-sativum-extract-on-treatment-of-infants-with-diaper-dermatitis-a-single-blinded-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Ladan Dastgheib, Narjes Pishva, Nasrin Saki, Soghra Khabnadideh, Bahareh Kardeh, Fatemeh Torabi, Shahram Arabnia, Alireza Heiran
Diaper dermatitis is a common disorder. Coriandrum sativum is a herbal remedy with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant activities effects. In this non randomised clinical trial which was performed on 58 infants with diaper dermatitis referred to Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, the efficacy and safety of topical Coriandrum extract cream is compared with hydrocortisone ointment. Coriandrum sativum extract cream was administered for 37 (intervention group) and hydrocortisone 1% ointment for 21 (control group) patients...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951693/validation-of-the-malay-version-of-diabetes-quality-of-life-dqol-questionnaire-for-adult-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Mohamad Adam Bujang, Mastura Ismail, Nur Khairul Bariyyah Mohd Hatta, Siti Haslina Othman, Nurakmal Baharum, Siti Sara Mat Lazim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to validate the Malay version of Diabetes Quality of Life (DQOL) questionnaire for Malaysian adult population with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study to validate Malay version of DQOL among the adult diabetic patients. DQOL questionnaire has 46 items consist of three domains, namely Satisfaction Domain, Impact Domain and Worry Domain. Both forward and backward translations from the English version of DQOL into Malay version were performed...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951692/psychometric-testing-of-an-arabic-translation-of-the-revised-illness-perception-questionnaire-ipq-r-for-chronic-illness-patients
#6
Salah Aberkane
BACKGROUND: Researchers lack a properly validated instrument to measure perceptions of chronic disease in Arabic language contexts. This study aimed to adapt and validate the Revised-Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) for Arabic speaking chronic illness patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the adapted English version of the IPQ-R for Arabic speaking chronic illness patients. The study instrument was an Arabic version of the IPQ-R prepared through a translation process...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951691/psychometric-properties-of-the-malay-version-of-the-dutch-eating-behaviour-questionnaire-debq-in-a-sample-of-malaysian-adults-attending-a-health-care-facility
#7
Kavitha Subramaniam, Wah Yun Low, Karuthan Chinna, Kin Fah Chin, Saroja Krishnaswamy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the psychometric properties of the Malay version of the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) among Malaysian adults. METHOD: The Malay version of the DEBQ instrument was administered to 398 outpatients (269 women and 129 men) at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC). Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to study the construct validity of the instrument. Composite reliability coefficient, Raykov's rho, was used to determine the internal consistency...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951690/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-glycemic-indices-and-peripheral-blood-flow-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients
#8
Nuttaset Manimmanakorn, Apiwan Manimmanakorn, Warinthorn Phuttharak, Michael J Hamlin
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration (WBV) training is a regime of training on a vibration platform that provides oscillatory movement to the body. Vibration training may be a potentially useful therapeutic strategy to control diabetes and its complications. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of WBV on glycemic indices and peripheral blood flow in type II diabetic patients. METHODS: A parallel group clinical trial was conducted with 1:1 allocation ratio at Khon Kaen University between February and May 2010...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951689/awareness-and-knowledge-of-oral-cancer-among-siamese-ethnic-group-in-tumpat-kelantan
#9
Nur Karyatee Kassim, Munirah Mohd Adnan, Chew Wei Wern, Lim Zheng Ru, Muhammad Hafiz Hanafi, Azizah Yusoff
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a life-threatening disease. Lack of public awareness is a potent barrier for the early detection of oral cancer, especially for high-risk populations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the awareness and knowledge of the signs, symptoms and risk factors of oral cancer among a Siamese ethnic group in Tumpat, Kelantan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, using a guided questionnaire on sociodemography, habits, awareness and knowledge of the signs, symptoms and risk factors of oral cancer...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951688/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-malay-version-of-the-confusion-hubbub-and-order-scale-chaos-6-among-myocardial-infarction-survivors-in-a-malaysian-cardiac-healthcare-facility
#10
Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Kamaraj Selvaraj, Abdul Rashid
BACKGROUND: The six item Confusion, Hubbub and Order Scale (CHAOS-6) has been validated as a reliable tool to measure levels of household disorder. We aimed to investigate the goodness of fit and reliability of a new Malay version of the CHAOS-6. METHODS: The original English version of the CHAOS-6 underwent forward-backward translation into the Malay language. The finalised Malay version was administered to 105 myocardial infarction survivors in a Malaysian cardiac health facility...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951687/difficulties-encountered-by-final-year-male-nursing-students-in-their-internship-programmes
#11
Mohammed Mahmoud Al-Momani
BACKGROUND: The cultural norms of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia do not encourage men to choose nursing as a career. Understanding male nursing students' experiences of their clinical exposure to the nursing profession throughout their internship might increase their retention. This study explored the experiences of final-year male nursing students as they transitioned to the role of registered nurse. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive research design with an inductive content-analysis approach was used...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951686/the-study-of-apoptosis-inducing-effects-of-three-pre-apoptotic-factors-by-gallic-acid-using-simulation-analysis-and-the-comet-assay-technique-on-the-prostatic-cancer-cell-line-pc3
#12
Javad Saffari-Chaleshtori, Ehsan Heidari-Sureshjani, Fahimeh Moradi, Hojjatollah Molavian Jazi, Esfandiar Heidarian
BACKGROUND: In this study, we demonstrated the effects of the Gallic Acid (GA) molecule on the prostate cancer cells line PC3 using the comet assay (Alkaline electrophoresis) technique and its effects on some important apoptotic factors including BAD (Bcl-2-Associated Death promoter), BAK (Bcl-2 homologous Antagonist/Killer), and BIM (Bcl-2-like protein 11) via simulation analysis by using the Auto Dock and Gromacs software. METHODS: Following the MTT assay on the PC3 cells, and determining IC50, we used three concentrations of GA to around IC50 to treat PC3 cells...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951685/the-availability-of-information-on-induced-lactation-in-malaysia
#13
REVIEW
Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim, Zaharah Sulaiman, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail
Induced lactation is a method of stimulating the production of breast milk in women who have not gone through the process of pregnancy. Recent advances in technology have given such women the opportunity to breastfeed adopted children. Previous studies conducted in Western countries have explored the breastfeeding of adopted children, as well as the experiences, successes and challenges of this process. However, research on procedures for breastfeeding adopted children is lacking in Malaysia. The authors have therefore reviewed literature related to induced lactation in Malaysia to fill this gap...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951684/placebo-controlled-trials-interests-of-subjects-versus-interests-of-drug-regulators
#14
EDITORIAL
Teguh Haryo Sasongko, Nor Hayati Othman, Nik Hazlina Nik Hussain, Yeong Yeh Lee, Sarimah Abdullah, Azlan Husin, Hans Van Rostenberghe
The use of placebo-controlled trials in situations where established therapies are available is considered ethically problematic since the patients randomised to the placebo group are deprived of the beneficial treatment. The pharmaceutical industry and drug regulators seem to argue that placebo-controlled trials with extensive precautions and control measures in place should still be allowed since they provide necessary scientific evidence for the efficacy and safety of new drugs. On the other hand, the scientific value and usefulness for clinical decision-making may be much higher if the new drug is compared directly to existing therapies...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814939/acute-rehabilitation-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Muhammad Hafiz Hanafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814938/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-in-association-with-abdominal-tuberculosis-an-eye-opener
#16
Shuchi Bhatt, Biswajit Mishra, Anupama Tandon, Smita Manchanda, G Parthsarathy
Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome (SMAS) is a rare clinical entity presenting as acute or chronic upper gastrointestinal obstruction. It occurs due to compression of third part of duodenum between abdominal aorta and overlying superior mesenteric artery caused by a decrease in angle between the two vessels. Rapid loss of retroperitoneal fat, in conditions leading to severe weight loss is the main factor responsible for this disorder. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in association with abdominal tuberculosis has not been reported earlier to the best of our knowledge...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814937/compound-odontoma-in-anterior-mandible-a-case-report
#17
Eswara Uma
Odontomas are the most common odontogenic hamartomas worldwide. Depending on the level of organisation of the tissues inside, these can be differentiated into compound type or complex type. As these are asymptomatic and do not cause any changes in the bone, they are often diagnosed during the routine dental examination. Complex odontomas are commonly found to occur in posterior mandible while compound odontomas are found in the anterior maxilla. A nine-year-old female child reported for a routine dental check-up, when a missing left permanent mandibular lateral incisor [32] was noticed...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814936/development-and-validation-of-a-coping-scale-for-caregivers-in-malaysia
#18
Norhayati Ibrahim, Hui Chien Ong, Suzaily Wahab
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers often experience stressful situations while in the midst of the caregiving process. Thus, various methods of coping have been widely applied and studied in previous researches. The aim of this study was to develop a novel questionnaire to assess the coping strategies employed by those who provide care to patients, and to further validate it among caregivers of schizophrenia patients in Malaysia. METHODS: This study, which involved the caregivers of schizophrenia patients from a hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, was comprised of three parts, namely in-depth interviews, a pilot study, and the validation of the developed questionnaire, known as Caregiver Cope (CgCope(TM))...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814935/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-students-towards-hiv-aids-patients-in-melaka-malaysia
#19
Vijendra Pal Singh, Izni Syazana Osman, Nur Amanina Rahmat, Nur Ashikin Abu Bakar, Nurul Fathin Natasha Abdul Razak, Sowmya Nettem
BACKGROUND: Cross contamination of HIV is a real threat today. Dental treatment often includes direct contact with a patient's blood and saliva, therefore dental professionals can be easily exposed to HIV microorganisms. Hence, it is essential to gain insight into dental students' knowledge and attitude towards HIV patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of 186 clinical year dental students (year 3, 4 and 5) in the 2015-2016 academic session at the Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College (MMMC), Manipal University, Melaka volunteered to participate in the study...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814934/direct-medical-costs-of-dengue-fever-in-vietnam-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#20
Nhung Thi Tuyet Vo, Trang Ngo Diem Phan, Trung Quang Vo
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, dengue fever is a major health concern, yet comprehensive information on its economic costs is lacking. The present study investigated treatment costs associated with dengue fever from the perspective of health care provision. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2013 and December 2015 in Cu Chi General Hospital. The following dengue-related treatment costs were calculated: hospitalisation, diagnosis, specialised services, drug usage and medical supplies...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
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