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Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320456/thiolation-of-arabinoxylan-and-its-application-in-the-fabrication-of-controlled-release-mucoadhesive-oral-films
#1
Muhammad Hanif, Muhammad Zaman
BACKGROUND: Mucoadhesion is an important property that helps oral drug delivery system to remain attached with buccal mucosa and hence to improve the delivery of the drug. The current study was designed to achieve the thiol modification of Arabinoxylan (ARX) and to develop a mucoadhesive oral film for the improved delivery of tizanidine hydrochloride (TZN HCl). METHOD: Synthesis of thiolated arabinoxylan (TARX) was accomplished by esterification of ARX with thioglycolic acid (TGA)...
March 20, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212679/histopathological-study-of-cardiac-lesions-in-methamphetamine-poisoning-related-deaths
#2
Maryam Akhgari, Homeira Mobaraki, Afshar Etemadi-Aleagha
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine abuse is a worldwide health concern. Methamphetamine causes health hazards in many vital organs. It can cause damage to cardiac tissue via catecholamines release. Methamphetamine related deaths are becoming one of the most important problems in Iran. The purpose of the present study was to determine cardiac pathology in methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths. METHODS: The study included 100 cases of methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths and 100 cases as control group...
February 17, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202057/improvement-of-memory-and-learning-by-intracerebroventricular-microinjection-of-t3-in-rat-model-of-ischemic-brain-stroke-mediated-by-upregulation-of-bdnf-and-gdnf-in-ca1-hippocampal-region
#3
Tahmineh Mokhtari, Mohammad Akbari, Fatemeh Malek, Iraj Ragerdi Kashani, Tayebeh Rastegar, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari, Fatemeh Attari, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a common leading cause of death and disability with lack of effective therapies. In this study, T3 was intra-ventricularly injected to evaluate gene expression and protein concentration of and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in hippocampal CA1 region in rat model of brain ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: In this study, transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAo) was used as model of ischemic brain stroke...
February 15, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196517/simultaneous-detection-of-bovine-and-porcine-dna-in-pharmaceutical-gelatin-capsules-by-duplex-pcr-assay-for-halal-authentication
#4
Jafar Nikzad, Soraya Shahhosseini, Maryam Tabarzad, Nastaran Nafissi-Varcheh, Maryam Torshabi
BACKGROUND: In the pharmaceutical industry, hard- and soft-shelled capsules are typically made from gelatin, commonly derived from bovine and porcine sources. To ensure that pharmaceutical products comply with halal regulations in Muslim countries (no porcine products allowed), development of a valid, reliable, quick, and most importantly, cost-effective tests are of utmost importance. METHODS: We developed a species-specific duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting 149 bp porcine and 271 bp bovine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to simultaneously detect both porcine and bovine DNA (in one reaction at the same time) in gelatin...
February 14, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173850/new-horizons-in-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#5
REVIEW
Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Pooneh Salari, Patricia Khashayar, Bagher Larijani
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of osteoporosis is increasing both in developed and developing countries. Due to rapid growth in the burden and cost of osteoporosis, worldwide, it seems reasonable to focus on the reduction of fractures as the main goal of treatment. Although, efficient pharmacological agents are available for the treatment of osteoporosis, there still remains a need to more specific drugs with less adverse effects. MAIN BODY: This review article provides a brief update on the pathogenesis, presenting current pharmacological products approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or Europe, and also newer therapeutic agents to treat osteoporosis according to the clinical trial data available at PubMed, UpToDate, International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), and clinical practice guidelines...
February 7, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088246/budget-impact-analysis-of-vaccination-against-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-as-a-part-of-a-pentavalent-vaccine-in-the-childhood-immunization-schedule-of-iran
#6
Fatemeh Teimouri, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, MohammadMahdi Gheiratian, Shekoufeh Nikfar
BACKGROUND: Health decision makers need to know the impact of the development of a new intervention on the public health and health care costs so that they can plan for economic and financial objectives. The aim of this study was to determine the budget impact of adding Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) as a part of a Pentavalent vaccine (Hib-HBV-DTP) to the national childhood immunization schedule of Iran. METHODS: An excel-based model was developed to determine the costs of including the Pentavalent vaccine in the national immunization program (NIP), comparing the present schedule with the previous one (including separate DTP and hepatitis B vaccines)...
January 14, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832818/erratum-to-opportunities-and-obstacles-to-the-development-of-nanopharmaceuticals-for-human-use
#7
Nasser Nassiri Koopaei, Mohammad Abdollahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716437/effects-of-developmental-exposure-to-silver-in-ionic-and-nanoparticle-form-a-study-in-rats
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mohammad Charehsaz, Karin Sørig Hougaard, Hande Sipahi, Asiye Işın Doğan Ekici, Çiğdem Kaspar, Mustafa Culha, Ülkü Ündeğer Bucurgat, Ahmet Aydin
BACKGROUND: Evaluations of silver in both nanoparticle (Ag-NPs) and ionic forms indicate some adverse effects on living organisms, but little is known about their potential for developmental toxicity. In this study, developmental toxicity of Ag-NPs (from 0.2 to 20 mg/kg/day) and ionic Ag (AgNO3, 20 mg Ag/kg/day) were investigated in rats. METHODS: Animals were dosed by gavage from gestation day 7 - 20. The day after parturition, dams and pups were sacrificed and Ag level assessed in several maternal and pup organs...
October 6, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716350/opportunities-and-obstacles-to-the-development-of-nanopharmaceuticals-for-human-use
#9
EDITORIAL
Nasser Nassiri Koopaei, Mohammad Abdollahi
Pharmaceutical nanotechnology has generated breakthrough developments in improving health care and human life from its emergence. The biomaterials employed mainly aim at improving drug delivery systems, imaging and diagnostic technologies while the nanoscale materials are in widespread use in other industries such as electronics and optics. Such advancement may revolutionize the drug development and therapy with new and more efficient treatments. Although, nanotechnology assists humankind in improving its well being, it has certain limitations that entail thorough investigation by the regulatory and scientific authorities...
October 6, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716340/pharmacokinetics-of-calycopterin-and-xanthmicrol-two-polymethoxylated-hydroxyflavones-with-anti-angiogenic-activities-from-dracocephalum-kotschyi-bioss
#10
Seyedeh-Somayeh Zamani, Mohsen Hossieni, Mahmoud Etebari, Pirooz Salehian, Soltan Ahmad Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Recently flavonoids have attracted the attention of researchers in the fight against cancer. Calycopterin and xanthomicrol, are two polymethoxylated flavonoids found in the aerial parts of Dracocephalum kotschyi Bioss.. We have recently shown that these compounds possess antiangiogenic activity and may be of value as potential anticancer agents. In order to demonstrate putative in vivo antitumor effect of these compounds we needed preliminary information on both pharmacokinetics and toxicological properties of these two agents...
October 4, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473554/fabrication-and-biological-evaluation-of-chitosan-coated-hyaluronic-acid-docetaxel-conjugate-nanoparticles-in-cd44-cancer-cells
#11
Nazanin Shabani Ravari, Navid Goodarzi, Farhad Alvandifar, Mohsen Amini, Effat Souri, Mohammad Reza Khoshayand, Zahra Hadavand Mirzaie, Fatemeh Atyabi, Rassoul Dinarvand
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been used for target-specific drug delivery because of strong affinity to CD44, a marker in which overexpressed in cancer cells and cancer stem cells. Conjugation of HA to the cytotoxic agents via active targeting can improve efficacy, biodistribution, and water solubility. To be able to benefit from passive targeting as well, a nanoparticulate system by counter ion using a polycation like chitosan may lead to a perfect delivery system. METHODS: Water soluble Hyaluronic acid-Docetaxel (HA-DTX) conjugate was prepared and used to formulate chitosan-coated HA-DTX nanoparticles by polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) method and optimized using Box-Behnken design...
July 29, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465859/aspirin-use-and-bleeding-volume-in-skin-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Arman Engheta, Shahryar Hadadi Abianeh, Ali Atri, Mehdi Sanatkarfar
UNLABELLED: ᅟ: We investigated the occurrence of bleeding complications in patients who underwent skin tumor surgery and compared it between Aspirin users and a placebo control group. In this double blind randomized controlled trial, 32 patients who continued taking aspirin (intervention group) and 38 patients who stopped taking Aspirin (placebo group) before surgery were compared in terms of intraoprative and postoperative bleeding problems, hematoma and local signs of coagulopathy...
July 28, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401785/expression-purification-and-biological-activity-assessment-of-romiplostim-biosimilar-peptibody
#13
Shima Fayaz, Pezhman Fard-Esfahani, Majid Golkar, Mojgan Allahyari, Sedigheh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Romiplostim is a peptibody analogue of thrombopoietin (TPO) which regulates platelet production. This molecule consists of two main parts: Peptide sequences which like wild type TPO, mimics stimulation of TPO receptor and IgG1Fc, (Peptide + Antibody = Peptibody). This drug is used in treatment of chronic Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP). METHODS: In this project E. coli bacteria were transformed by a construct harboring peptibody fusion gene...
July 11, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342070/crocin-suppresses-multidrug-resistance-in-mrp-overexpressing-ovarian-cancer-cell-line
#14
Shadi Mahdizadeh, Gholamreza Karimi, Javad Behravan, Sepideh Arabzadeh, Hermann Lage, Fatemeh Kalalinia
BACKGROUND: Crocin, one of the main constituents of saffron extract, has numerous biological effects such as anti-cancer effects. Multidrug resistance-associated proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1 and MRP2) are important elements in the failure of cancer chemotherapy. In this study we aimed to evaluate the effects of crocin on MRP1 and MRP2 expression and function in human ovarian cancer cell line A2780 and its cisplatin-resistant derivative A2780/RCIS cells. METHODS: The cytotoxicity of crocin was assessed by the MTT assay...
June 24, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267989/comparison-between-a-serum-creatinine-and-a-cystatin-c-based-glomerular-filtration-rate-equation-in-patients-receiving-amphotericin-b
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Iman Karimzadeh, Hossein Khalili
Serum cystatin C (Cys C) has a number of advantages over serum creatinine in the evaluation of kidney function. Apart from Cys C level itself, several formulas have also been introduced in different clinical settings for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based upon serum Cys C level. The aim of the present study was to compare a serum Cys C-based equation with Cockcroft-Gault serum creatinine-based formula, both used in the calculation of GFR, in patients receiving amphotericin B. Fifty four adult patients with no history of acute or chronic kidney injury having been planned to receive conventional amphotericin B for an anticipated duration of at least 1 week for any indication were recruited...
June 6, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150961/effects-of-phloretin-on-oxidative-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-rat-model-of-cecal-ligation-and-puncture-induced-sepsis
#16
Mehdi Aliomrani, Mohammad Reza Sepand, Hamid Reza Mirzaei, Ali Reza Kazemi, Saeid Nekonam, Omid Sabzevari
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a debilitating systemic disease and described as a severe and irregular systemic inflammatory reaction syndrome (SIRS) against infection. We employed CLP (Cecal Ligation and Puncture) model in rats to investigate anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of phloretin, as a natural antioxidant agent, and its protective effect on liver tissue damage caused by sepsis. METHODS: Male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham group, CLP induced sepsis group and phloretin treated CLP group...
May 6, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150818/high-azithromycin-concentration-in-lungs-by-way-of-bovine-serum-albumin-microspheres-as-targeted-drug-delivery-lung-targeting-efficiency-in-albino-mice
#17
Balakeshwa Ramaiah, Sree Harsha Nagaraja, Usha Ganganahalli Kapanigowda, Prakash Rao Boggarapu, Rajarajan Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Following administration, the antibiotic travels freely through the body and also accumulates in other parts apart from the infection site. High dosage and repeated ingestion of antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia leads to undesirable effects and inappropriate disposition of the drug. By way of targeted lung delivery, this study was intended to eliminate inappropriate azithromycin disposition and to achieve higher azithromycin concentration to treat deeper airway infections...
May 5, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141958/challenges-of-access-to-medicine-and-the-responsibility-of-pharmaceutical-companies-a-legal-perspective
#18
Saeed Ahmadiani, Shekoufeh Nikfar
The right to health as a basic human right- and access to medicine as a part of it- have been a matter of attention for several decades. Also the responsibilities of different parties- particularly pharmaceutical companies- in realization of this right has been emphasized by World Health Organization. This is while many companies find no incentive for research and development of medicines related to rare diseases. Also some legal structures such as "patent agreements" clearly cause huge difficulties for access to medicine in many countries...
May 4, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142000/preliminary-investigation-of-the-effects-of-topical-mixture-of-lawsonia-inermis-l-and-ricinus-communis-l-leaves-extract-in-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-using-mia-model-in-rats
#19
Atousa Ziaei, Shamim Sahranavard, Mohammad Javad Gharagozlou, Mehrdad Faizi
BACKGROUND: Many plants have been introduced in Iranian traditional medicine for treatment of different joint problems including knee pain. Topical application of the mixture of Lawsonia inermis L. leaves (Henna) with aqueous extract of Ricinus communis L. leaves have been mentioned to have significant effects on reducing knee pain. The present study was designed to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the mixture of these two herbs in male rats. METHODS: We induced knee osteoarthritis as a model of chronic pain by intra-articular injection of mono sodium iodoacetate (MIA)...
May 3, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068692/a-model-for-priority-setting-of-health-technology-assessment-the-experience-of-ahp-topsis-combination-approach
#20
Mohammadreza Mobinizadeh, Pouran Raeissi, Amir Ashkan Nasiripour, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Seyed Jamaleddin Tabibi
BACKGROUND: In recent times, the use of health technologies in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases experienced considerable and accelerated growth. The goal of the present study was to describe the designated pilot MCDM (Multiple Criteria Decision Making) model for priority setting of health technology assessment in Iran. METHODS: Relevant articles were sought and retrieved from the most appropriate medical databases, including the Cochrane Library, PubMed and Scopus via three separate search strategies, using MESH and free text until March, 2015...
April 11, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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