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Emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517947/intolerance-of-uncertainty-predicts-increased-striatal-volume
#1
M Justin Kim, Jin Shin, James M Taylor, Alison M Mattek, Samantha J Chavez, Paul J Whalen
Oversensitivity to uncertain future threat is usefully conceptualized as intolerance of uncertainty (IU). Neuroimaging studies of IU to date have largely focused on its relationship with brain function, but few studies have documented the association between IU and the quantitative properties of brain structure. Here, we examined potential gray and white-matter brain structural correlates of IU from 61 healthy participants. Voxel-based morphometric analysis highlighted a robust positive correlation between IU and striatal volume, particularly the putamen...
May 18, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493750/the-ideal-road-not-taken-the-self-discrepancies-involved-in-people-s-most-enduring-regrets
#2
Shai Davidai, Thomas Gilovich
Research on the structural features of people's most enduring regrets has focused on whether they result from having acted or having failed to act. Here we focus on a different structural feature, their connection to a person's self-concept. In 6 studies, we predict and find that people's most enduring regrets stem more often from discrepancies between their actual and ideal selves than their actual and ought selves. We also provide evidence that this asymmetry is at least partly due to differences in how people cope with regret...
May 11, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493749/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-and-the-functional-organization-of-preschoolers-emotional-expressions-and-regulatory-behaviors
#3
Grace Binion, Maureen Zalewski
Although psychopathology in mothers is known to be a significant risk factor for child outcomes, less is known about how emotion dysregulation, a transdiagnostic feature that cuts across many diagnoses, shapes emotion-related parenting practices and the development of emotion regulation in offspring. Building upon previous research that examined the functional relations between emotions and regulatory actions in children, we sought to examine the association of maternal emotion dysregulation and emotion socialization with these functional links in an at-risk community sample of mother-preschooler (children ages 36-60 months) dyads that oversampled for mothers with elevated symptoms of borderline personality disorder (n = 68)...
May 11, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493748/the-face-of-fear-and-anger-facial-width-to-height-ratio-biases-recognition-of-angry-and-fearful-expressions
#4
Jason C Deska, E Paige Lloyd, Kurt Hugenberg
The ability to rapidly and accurately decode facial expressions is adaptive for human sociality. Although judgments of emotion are primarily determined by musculature, static face structure can also impact emotion judgments. The current work investigates how facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR), a stable feature of all faces, influences perceivers' judgments of expressive displays of anger and fear (Studies 1a, 1b, & 2), and anger and happiness (Study 3). Across 4 studies, we provide evidence consistent with the hypothesis that perceivers more readily see anger on faces with high fWHR compared with those with low fWHR, which instead facilitates the recognition of fear and happiness...
May 11, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481575/accurate-where-it-counts-empathic-accuracy-on-conflict-and-no-conflict-days
#5
Gal Lazarus, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
When we are accurate regarding our partners' negative moods, are we seen as more responsive (and do we see them as such) as a function of the presence/absence of conflict? In 2 daily diary studies, empathic accuracy (EA) was assessed by comparing targets' daily negative moods with perceivers' inferences of these moods. We hypothesized that conflict will be associated with reductions in perceived partner responsiveness (PPR) for both parties; that on no-conflict days, EA will be positively associated with both parties' PPR; that on conflict days, this positive association will be stronger for targets but will become negative for perceivers; and that regardless of conflict, overestimation (vs...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481574/knowing-how-you-are-feeling-depends-on-what-s-on-my-mind-cognitive-load-and-expression-categorization
#6
Lubna Ahmed
The ability to correctly interpret facial expressions is key to effective social interactions. People are well rehearsed and generally very efficient at correctly categorizing expressions. However, does their ability to do so depend on how cognitively loaded they are at the time? Using repeated-measures designs, we assessed the sensitivity of facial expression categorization to cognitive resources availability by measuring people's expression categorization performance during concurrent low and high cognitive load situations...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481573/children-s-and-mothers-cardiovascular-reactivity-to-a-standardized-laboratory-stressor-unique-relations-with-maternal-anxiety-and-overcontrol
#7
Jessica L Borelli, Margaret L Burkhart, Hannah F Rasmussen, Patricia A Smiley, Gerhard Hellemann
Research documents bidirectional associations between parental overcontrol (OC) and children's anxiety; OC may place children at risk for anxiety and also may occur in response to children's requests for help. However, to date no studies have examined children's or parents' in-the-moment emotional responses to OC. Using a community sample of mothers and school-age children, we examine the individual and interactive influences of maternal OC, maternal anxiety, children's help-seeking, and children's anxiety in predicting physiological reactivity in response to a stressor faced by children and observed by mothers, predicting that for children of higher anxiety mothers, higher OC will be associated with increases in reactivity (decreases in respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA]), whereas for higher anxiety mothers themselves, engaging in OC will be associated with reductions in physiological reactivity (decreases in heart rate)...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481572/pathways-to-happiness-are-multidirectional-associations-between-state-mindfulness-and-everyday-affective-experience
#8
Elisabeth S Blanke, Michaela Riediger, Annette Brose
Mindfulness is commonly defined as a multidimensional mode of being attentive to, and aware of, momentary experiences while taking a nonjudgmental and accepting stance. These qualities have been linked to 2 different facets of affective well-being: being attentive is proposed to lead to an appreciation of experiences as they are, and thus to positive affect (PA). Accepting unpleasant experiences in a nonjudgmental fashion has been hypothesized to reduce negative affect (NA). Alternatively, however, attention may increase both positive and negative affectivity, whereas nonjudgmental acceptance may modify how people relate to their experiences...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447826/the-role-of-expectations-and-habitual-emotion-regulation-in-emotional-processing-an-erp-investigation
#9
Emily G Brudner, Ekaterina Denkova, Martin Paczynski, Amishi P Jha
Available evidence from separate lines of event-related potential (ERP) research has highlighted the role of expectations and emotion regulation on emotional processing by revealing that (i) expectations can alter emotional responses, and (ii) the instructed use of emotion regulation strategies may modulate emotional responses. Yet, little is known about the interplay between expectations and habitual emotion regulation strategies prior to and at the onset of an emotional event. The present study aimed to investigate this potential relationship...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447825/enhanced-processing-of-untrustworthiness-in-natural-faces-with-neutral-expressions
#10
Alexander Lischke, Martin Junge, Alfons O Hamm, Mathias Weymar
During social interactions, individuals rapidly and automatically judge others' trustworthiness on the basis of subtle facial cues. To investigate the behavioral and neural correlates of these judgments, we conducted 2 studies: 1 study for the construction and evaluation of a set of natural faces differing in trustworthiness (Study 1: n = 30) and another study for the investigation of event-related potentials (ERPs) in response to this set of natural faces (Study 2: n = 30). Participants of both studies provided highly reliable and nearly identical trustworthiness ratings for the selected faces, supporting the notion that the discrimination of trustworthy and untrustworthy faces depends on distinct facial cues...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447824/correction-to-kuhn-et-al-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Similar Representations of Emotions Across Faces and Voices" by Lisa Katharina Kuhn, Taeko Wydell, Nadine Lavan, Carolyn McGettigan and LĂșcia Garrido (Emotion, Advanced Online Publication, Mar 02, 2017, np). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-09406-001.) Emotions are a vital component of social communication, carried across a range of modalities and via different perceptual signals such as specific muscle contractions in the face and in the upper respiratory system...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414477/when-ideology-meets-conflict-related-content-influences-on-emotion-generation-and-regulation
#12
Ruthie Pliskin, Eran Halperin, Daniel Bar-Tal, Gal Sheppes
Do rightists and leftists experience information about suffering and harm with differing emotional intensities, depending on the identity of target depicted? Do they consequently choose differently how to regulate or cope with these emotions? Research has identified ideological differences in emotional processes, but it has yet to identify what types of content lead to ideological differences in emotional intensity or whether these content-dependent differences relate to differing preferences for engaging versus disengaging emotion-regulation strategies...
April 17, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414476/a-socio-cultural-instrumental-approach-to-emotion-regulation-culture-and-the-regulation-of-positive-emotions
#13
Xiaoming Ma, Maya Tamir, Yuri Miyamoto
We propose a sociocultural instrumental approach to emotion regulation. According to this approach, cultural differences in the tendency to savor rather than dampen positive emotions should be more pronounced when people are actively pursuing goals (i.e., contexts requiring higher cognitive effort) than when they are not (i.e., contexts requiring lower cognitive efforts), because cultural beliefs about the utility of positive emotions should become most relevant when people are engaging in active goal pursuit...
April 17, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406681/affective-enhancement-of-working-memory-is-maintained-in-depression
#14
Susanne Schweizer, Lauren Navrady, Lauren Breakwell, Rachel M Howard, Ann-Marie Golden, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Tim Dalgleish
We currently know little about how performance on assessments of working memory capacity (WMC) that are designed to mirror the concurrent task demands of daily life are impacted by the presence of affective information, nor how those effects may be modulated by depression-a syndrome where sufferers report global difficulties with executive processing. Across 3 experiments, we investigated WMC for sets of neutral words in the context of processing either neutral or affective (depressogenic) sentences, which had to be judged on semantic accuracy (Experiments 1 and 2) or self-reference (Experiment 3)...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406680/happier-than-thou-a-self-enhancement-bias-in-emotion-attribution
#15
Desmond C Ong, Noah D Goodman, Jamil Zaki
People tend to judge themselves as exhibiting above average levels of desirable traits-including competence, kindness, and life satisfaction-but does this self-enhancement extend to emotional responses? Here, we explore this question by having people attribute emotions to themselves and others following simple gambles. We demonstrate that people display an emotional self-enhancement bias that varies with the context of the emotion-eliciting situation. People judge themselves as experiencing more positive emotional reactions on average, and they also believed that others' emotions are more sensitive to gamble outcomes, such that people judge others to experience stronger negative affect in response to negative outcomes (Study 1)...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406679/gently-does-it-humans-outperform-a-software-classifier-in-recognizing-subtle-nonstereotypical-facial-expressions
#16
Neta Yitzhak, Nir Giladi, Tanya Gurevich, Daniel S Messinger, Emily B Prince, Katherine Martin, Hillel Aviezer
According to dominant theories of affect, humans innately and universally express a set of emotions using specific configurations of prototypical facial activity. Accordingly, thousands of studies have tested emotion recognition using sets of highly intense and stereotypical facial expressions, yet their incidence in real life is virtually unknown. In fact, a commonplace experience is that emotions are expressed in subtle and nonprototypical forms. Such facial expressions are at the focus of the current study...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406678/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-emotion-regulation-a-twin-study-of-cognitive-reappraisal-and-expressive-suppression
#17
Kateri McRae, Soo Hyun Rhee, Justine M Gatt, Detre Godinez, Leanne M Williams, James J Gross
Previous studies have established that personality traits related to emotionality are moderately heritable. However, the relative heritability of the strategies people use to regulate emotions is unknown. The present study compared the magnitude of additive genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental influences on 2 commonly used emotion regulation strategies: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. In 743 twin pairs (1,486 twins), we replicated previous estimates of heritability of neuroticism (a2 = ...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406677/no-impact-of-affective-person-knowledge-on-visual-awareness-evidence-from-binocular-rivalry-and-continuous-flash-suppression
#18
Timo Stein, Caitlyn Grubb, Maria Bertrand, Seh Min Suh, Sara C Verosky
Stimuli with intrinsic emotional value, like emotional faces, and stimuli associated with reward and punishment are often prioritized in visual awareness relative to neutral stimuli. Recently, Anderson, Siegel, Bliss-Moreau, and Barrett (2011) demonstrated that simply associating a face with affective knowledge can also influence visual awareness. Using a binocular rivalry task (BR), where a face was shown to one eye and a house to the other, they found that faces paired with negative versus neutral and positive behaviors dominated visual awareness...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406676/trait-acceptance-predicts-fewer-daily-negative-emotions-through-less-stressor-related-rumination
#19
Lahnna I Catalino, Justine Arenander, Elissa Epel, Eli Puterman
People who are more accepting of their thoughts and feelings experience fewer negative emotions. Although several studies document the connection between acceptance and negative emotions, little, if any research, sheds light on how being receptive to one's internal experience results in less negativity in everyday life. In a daily diary study (N = 183), we found that people who were more accepting of their thoughts and feelings experienced fewer daily negative emotions, and this association was partly explained by less daily stressor-related rumination...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406675/how-does-it-feel-a-signal-detection-approach-to-feeling-generation
#20
Anat Karmon-Presser, Gal Sheppes, Nachshon Meiran
Feeling, or the subjective emotional experience, is a fundamental element of the emotional reaction, yet past attempts to understand the mechanisms of feeling generation remain limited. The current study presents a signal detection theory (SDT) conceptualization of feeling generation. Accordingly, feeling, like other sensations, reflects an outcome of an inner decision regarding the emotional evidence, and, therefore, can be evaluated via 2 processes: evidence differentiation (d')-the ability to emotionally differentiate between external stimuli, given the essentially noisy evidence-and criterion (c)-the report threshold, or amount of evidence needed to have an intense reportable feeling...
April 13, 2017: Emotion
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