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Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760043/detection-of-schmallenberg-virus-rna-in-bull-semen-in-poland
#1
J Kęsik-Maliszewska, M Larska
The detection of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in the breeding bull semen raised the question of the possibility of venereal transmission of SBV which could result in cost-intensive restrictions in the trade of bovine semen. In order to evaluate the presence of SBV RNA in bovine semen, 131 bull semen samples from four locations in Poland collected between 2013 and 2015 were analysed by RT-PCR for viral RNA. SBV RNA was detected in 5.3% of the samples. The study has revealed that application of an appropriate RNA extraction method is crucial to detect virus excretion via semen...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760042/use-of-elements-of-the-stewart-model-strong-ion-approach-sid3-sid4-atot-a-side-and-sig-for-the-diagnostics-of-respiratory-acidosis-in-brachycephalic-dogs
#2
P Sławuta, G Sapikowski, B Sobieraj
: Buffer systems of blood and tissues, which have the ability to bind with and give up hydrogen ions, participate in maintaining the acid-base balance (ABB) of the organism. According to the classic model, the system of carbonic acid and bicarbonates, where the first component serves the role of an acid and the second a base, determines plasma pH. The so-called Stewart model, which assumes that ions in blood serum can be separated into completely dissociated - nonbuffer and not dissociated - buffer ions which may give up or accept H+ions, also describes the ABB of the organism...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760041/comparison-of-fecal-egg-counts-and-elisa-for-the-diagnosis-of-dicrocoelium-dendriticum-infection
#3
M Naeemipour, Gh R Hashemitabar, K Dastjerdi, M Jamshidian Mojaver, H R Mohammadi
From economical point of view, Dicrocoelium Dendriticum (D. dendriticum) causes a lot of damages to the livestock industry annually. So, the rapid diagnosis of infection is very important. The diagnosis is based on egg per count of feces (EPG) test because detection according to clinical symptoms is difficult. Since EPG is not accurate and sensitive, the serological methods become important for the diagnosis of this parasite as they are more accurate in comparison to EPG test and they are able to diagnose infection in a short time...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760040/comparative-efficacy-of-silymarin-and-choline-chloride-liver-tonics-in-preventing-the-effects-of-aflatoxin-b1-in-bovine-calves
#4
O Naseer, J A Khan, M S Khan, M O Omer, G A Chishti, M L Sohail, M U Saleem
Aflatoxins are secondary metabolites produced by Aspergillus spp. which are injurious to animals and humans The aim of this study was to determine the effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on Average Daily Feed Intake (ADFI), Average Daily Weight Gain (ADWG), haematological and serum biochemical responses of Bovine Calves and to determine the comparative efficacy of two different liver tonics against AFB1. Twenty seven calves were selected from herd and divided into 3 groups. All calves were fed with 1.0 mg/kg AFB1 for a period of 10 days...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760039/effects-of-neuromedin-s-on-the-proliferation-of-splenic-lymphocytes-and-the-cytokine-secretion-by-pulmonary-alveolar-macrophages-in-pigs-in-vitro
#5
R Lin, Q Wang, B Qi, Y Huang, G Yang
Neuromedin S (NMS), a 36-amino acid neuropeptide, has been found to be involved in the regulation of the endocrine activity. It has been also detected in immune tissues in mammals, what suggests that NMS may play an important role in the regulation of immune response. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the presence of NMS receptor 1 (NMU1R) and effect of NMS in pig splenic lymphocytes (SPLs) and pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAMs). The presence of NMU1R in pig SPLs and PAMs was respectively confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot analysis and immunocytochemical methods...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760038/bacterial-contamination-of-boar-semen-and-its-relationship-to-sperm-quality-preserved-in-commercial-extender-containing-gentamicin-sulfate
#6
D Gączarzewicz, J Udała, M Piasecka, B Błaszczyk, T Stankiewicz
This study was designed to determine the degree and type of bacterial contamination in boar semen (79 ejaculates from Large White and Landrace boars) and its consequences for sperm quality during storage (27 extended semen samples, 16°C for five days) under practical conditions of artificial insemination (AI). The results revealed the presence of aerobic bacteria in 99% of the ejaculates (from 80 to 370 ×106 colony-forming units/mL). Most of the ejaculates contained two or three bacterial contaminants, while the Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas bacterial genera were most frequently isolated...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760037/serological-survey-for-rhd-antibodies-in-rabbits-from-two-types-of-rabbit-breeding-farms
#7
A Fitzner, W Niedbalski
Seroprevalence studies of RHDV antibodies in domestic rabbits were conducted between 2008-2014. A total of 12,169 sera from the provinces of central, southern and south-east Poland, including 7,570 samples collected from mixed-breed rabbits reared in smallholder farms and nearly 4,600 sera taken mainly from unvaccinated rabbits kept in industrial farms, were examined using ELISA tests. Additionally, cross-reactivity of selected tested and control archival sera using both classic RHDV and RHDVa antigens was determined by HI assay...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760036/three-step-anti-ampv-iga-expression-profile-evaluation-in-turkeys-of-different-immunological-status-after-trt-vaccination
#8
M Śmiałek, B Tykałowski, D Pestka, J Welenc, T Stenzel, A Koncicki
Maternally derived antibodies (MDA) don not protect turkeys against rhinotracheitis (TRT) but high MDA influences upper respiratory tract (URT) immunity stimulation after avian Metapneumovirus (aMPV) vaccination. Humoral immunity can not be considered as an indicator of protection against TRT, but specific antibodies inhibit aMPV replication and alleviate the course of TRT. Scarce reports indicate the role of IgA in protection against TRT. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of MDA on stimulation, antigen specificity acquisition of B lymphocytes, and the production of specific IgA after TRT vaccination of turkeys...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760035/association-between-sox5-genotypes-and-semen-quality-in-polish-holstein-friesian-bulls
#9
D M Hering, S Kamiński
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of C/T missense mutation (SOX5) gene on selected parameters of non-frozen semen in Polish Holstein - Friesian bulls. Three hundred and sixty eight bulls were genotyped by the PCR-Rsa I technique. Semen was collected and evaluated by standardized procedure used in an AI station. Significant associations were found between SOX5 genotypes and sperm concentrations (p=0.020) and sperm motility (p=0.014). Bulls with TT genotype had the lowest values of both traits...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760034/application-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-for-identification-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-milk-of-cows-with-subclinical-mastitis
#10
T Banach, M Bochniarz, P Łyp, Ł Adaszek, W Wawron, B Furmaga, M Skrzypczak, J Ziętek, S Winiarczyk
The aim of this study was to use matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for the identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) isolated from the milk of cows with subclinical mastitis. The study material consisted of 33 isolates of CNS, identified by the results of API Staph tests, obtained from the milk of cows with subclinical mastitis. Based on the spectra analyses, MALDI-TOF MS tests of 33 bacterial samples allowed identification of the microorganisms in 27 cases (81...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760033/cyclosporin-a-treatment-in-intrinsic-canine-atopic-dermatitis-atopic-like-dermatitis-open-trial-study
#11
M Fujimura, Y Nakatsuji, H Ishimaru
In this study, dogs were separated into two groups and treated with immunosuppressant (Cyclosporin A: CsA). The first group was the canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) group, which is similar to extrinsic atopic dermatitis (AD) in humans (treated with a CsA dose of 2.5-5.5 mg/kg, n=8), and the second group was the canine atopic-like dermatitis (ALD) group, which is similar to intrinsic AD in humans (treated with a CsA dose of 2.5-6.5 mg/kg, n=14). The canine atopic dermatitis extent and severity index (CADESI)-4 was evaluated before treatment (PRE) and after treatment (POST) to assess the effectiveness of CsA for the two groups...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760032/efficacy-of-topical-therapy-with-newly-developed-terbinafine-and-econazole-formulations-in-the-treatment-of-dermatophytosis-in-cats
#12
M Ivaskiene, A P Matusevicius, A Grigonis, G Zamokas, L Babickaite
In the field of veterinary dermatology dermatophytosis is one of the most frequently occurring infectious diseases, therefore its treatment should be effective, convenient, safe and inexpensive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of newly developed topical formulations in the treatment of cats with dermatophytosis. Evaluation of clinical efficacy and safety of terbinafine and econazole formulations administered topically twice a day was performed in 40 cats. Cats, suffering from the most widely spread Microsporum canis-induced dermatophytosis and treated with terbinafine hydrochloride 1% cream, recovered within 20...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760031/non-invasive-pregnancy-diagnosis-from-urine-by-the-cuboni-reaction-and-the-barium-chloride-test-in-donkeys-equus-asinus-and-alpacas-vicugna-pacos
#13
A Kubátová, T Fedorova, I Skálová, L Hyniová
The aim of the research was to evaluate two chemical tests for non-invasive pregnancy diagnosis from urine, the Cuboni reaction and the barium chloride test, in donkeys (Equus asinus) and alpacas (Vicugna pacos). The research was carried out from April 2013 to September 2014. Urine samples were collected on five private Czech farms from 18 jennies and 12 alpaca females. Urine was collected non-invasively into plastic cups fastened on a telescopic rod, at 6-9 week intervals. In total, 60 and 54 urine samples from alpacas and jennies, respectively, were collected...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760030/comparison-of-high-field-and-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-stifle-joint-disorders-in-dogs
#14
A Przeworski, Z Adamiak, J Głodek
The most common cause of hindlimb lameness in dogs is cranial cruciate ligament rupture. In 48-77.3% of the population this trauma leads to secondary damage of the meniscus. Depending on the magnetic strength of the used device, different diagnostic accuracy can be achieved. The examination sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging is affected by many factors which are independent of diagnostic strength, such as correct positioning of the patient, size of the stifle joint examined, or selection of the right protocol of sequences...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760029/antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-a-commercial-noni-juice-revealed-by-carrageenan-induced-paw-edema
#15
N Yilmazer, C Coskun, E Gurel-Gurevin, I Yaylim, E H Eraltan, E I Ikitimur-Armutak
This study aimed to investigate antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of a commercial product of noni (Morinda citrifolia) juice. Carrageenan-induced rat paw edema was employed as inflammatory model. One control and three experimental groups were formed. Experimental groups were administered noni juice alone, noni juice+carrageenan, and carrageenan alone. Oxidant and antioxidant capacity were determined by d-ROMs test and BAP test, respectively. Plasma concentrations of endothelin-1 and leptin were measured by ELISA...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760028/the-effectiveness-of-modified-seton-and-modified-combat-gauze-in-controlling-severe-hemorrhaging-during-operations-of-uniformed-services
#16
Z Adamiak, D Bukowiecka, P Jastrzębski, M Jałyński, P Holak, J Głodek, G Gudzbeler
Hemorrhaging from large vessels poses a serious problem in emergency situations when blood loss needs to be immediately controlled. The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of two hemostatic dressings in controlling bleeding from a surgically punctured femoral artery. The study was performed on thirteen pigs divided into two groups, of six and seven pigs, respectively. Combat gauze covered with ChitoClear hqg 95 chitosan and Protanal LF10/60 FT sodium alginate was used in the first group, seton covered with identical substances was uses in the second group...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760027/vertical-transmission-of-pcv2b-to-fetuses-in-sows-intramuscularly-infected-with-pcv2b
#17
Wang Nai Dong, Li Jing Jun, Wang Ai Bing, Zhu Zhe, Chang Yan, Mao Yu, Zan Yang, Wang Zan Feng, Deng Zhi Bang
In order to investigate whether PCV2b can be transmitted across the placenta in sows thereby causing vertical infection of fetuses, six sows in 75 day of pregnancy were either intramuscularly inoculated with a PCV2b culture supernatant (n = 4) or mock infected with cell culture supernatant (n = 2). At parturition, 3 newborn piglets from each litter were randomly selected and euthanatized prior to suckling. Samples of the mesenteric lymph nodes, spleens, kidneys, hearts and lungs were collected for PCR, histopathological and immunohistochemical assays...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760026/7s-fragment-of-type-iv-collagen-as-a-serum-marker-of-canine-liver-fibrosis
#18
K Glińska-Suchocka, A Orłowska, K Kubiak, J Spużak, M Jankowski
The aim of this study was to assess whether the serum levels of the 7S fragment of type IV collagen may aid in diagnosing liver fibrosis in dogs. The study was carried out on 20 dogs with liver disease. Serum levels of the 7S fragment of type IV collagen were measured in all dogs. The analysis showed that healthy dogs and dogs with type 1, 2 and 3 liver fibrosis had low serum concentrations of the 7S fragment of type IV collagen compared to dogs with type 4 liver fibrosis. The study revealed that the assessment of serum levels of the 7S fragment of type IV collagen is useful in the diagnosis of advanced liver fibrosis and cirrhosis...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760025/use-of-fluorescence-quantitative-polymerase-chain-reaction-pcr-for-the-detection-of-escherichia-coli-adhesion-to-pig-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#19
C H Dai, L N Gan, W U Qin, C Zi, G Q Zhu, S L Wu, W B Bao
An efficient and accurate method to test Escherichia coli (E. coli) adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells will contribute to the study of bacterial pathogenesis and the function of genes that encode receptors related to adhesion. This study used the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method. qPCR primers were designed from the PILIN gene of E. coli F18ab, F18ac, and K88ac, and the pig β-ACTIN gene. Total deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from E. coli and intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2 cells) were used as templates for qPCR...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760024/development-and-validation-of-an-analytical-method-for-determination-of-ergot-alkaloids-in-animal-feedingstuffs-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-fluorescence-detection
#20
E Kowalczyk, E Patyra, A Grelik, K Kwiatek
A high performance liquid chromatography combined with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) method was developed for determination of five ergot alkaloids (EA): ergometrine, ergotamine, ergocornine, ergocrypine and ergocristine in animal feedingstuffs. The method was based on the application of QuEChERS salts for extraction and modified QuEChERS dispersive SPE for the cleanup step. Alkaloids separation was performed on a C18, 250 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 μm column with the mobile phase containing ammonium carbonate and acetonitrile...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
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