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MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832047/core-elements-of-outpatient-antibiotic-stewardship
#1
Guillermo V Sanchez, Katherine E Fleming-Dutra, Rebecca M Roberts, Lauri A Hicks
The Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship provides a framework for antibiotic stewardship for outpatient clinicians and facilities that routinely provide antibiotic treatment. This report augments existing guidance for other clinical settings. In 2014 and 2015, respectively, CDC released the Core Elements of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship Programs and the Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship for Nursing Homes. Antibiotic stewardship is the effort to measure and improve how antibiotics are prescribed by clinicians and used by patients...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987082/cdc-guideline-for-prescribing-opioids-for-chronic-pain-united-states-2016
#2
Deborah Dowell, Tamara M Haegerich, Roger Chou
This guideline provides recommendations for primary care clinicians who are prescribing opioids for chronic pain outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care. The guideline addresses 1) when to initiate or continue opioids for chronic pain; 2) opioid selection, dosage, duration, follow-up, and discontinuation; and 3) assessing risk and addressing harms of opioid use. CDC developed the guideline using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) framework, and recommendations are made on the basis of a systematic review of the scientific evidence while considering benefits and harms, values and preferences, and resource allocation...
March 18, 2016: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560619/prevention-and-control-of-seasonal-influenza-with-vaccines
#3
Lisa A Grohskopf, Leslie Z Sokolow, Karen R Broder, Sonja J Olsen, Ruth A Karron, Daniel B Jernigan, Joseph S Bresee
This report updates the 2015-16 recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regarding the use of seasonal influenza vaccines (Grohskopf LA, Sokolow LZ, Olsen SJ, Bresee JS, Broder KR, Karron RA. Prevention and control of influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, United States, 2015-16 influenza season. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015;64:818-25). Routine annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months who do not have contraindications...
2016: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467319/u-s-selected-practice-recommendations-for-contraceptive-use-2016
#4
Kathryn M Curtis, Tara C Jatlaoui, Naomi K Tepper, Lauren B Zapata, Leah G Horton, Denise J Jamieson, Maura K Whiteman
The 2016 U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (U.S. SPR) addresses a select group of common, yet sometimes controversial or complex, issues regarding initiation and use of specific contraceptive methods. These recommendations for health care providers were updated by CDC after review of the scientific evidence and consultation with national experts who met in Atlanta, Georgia, during August 26-28, 2015. The information in this report updates the 2013 U.S. SPR (CDC. U.S. selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, 2013...
2016: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467196/u-s-medical-eligibility-criteria-for-contraceptive-use-2016
#5
Kathryn M Curtis, Naomi K Tepper, Tara C Jatlaoui, Erin Berry-Bibee, Leah G Horton, Lauren B Zapata, Katharine B Simmons, H Pamela Pagano, Denise J Jamieson, Maura K Whiteman
The 2016 U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC) comprises recommendations for the use of specific contraceptive methods by women and men who have certain characteristics or medical conditions. These recommendations for health care providers were updated by CDC after review of the scientific evidence and consultation with national experts who met in Atlanta, Georgia, during August 26-28, 2015. The information in this report updates the 2010 U.S. MEC (CDC. U.S. medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use, 2010...
2016: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172113/diagnosis-and-management-of-tickborne-rickettsial-diseases-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-and-other-spotted-fever-group-rickettsioses-ehrlichioses-and-anaplasmosis-united-states
#6
Holly M Biggs, Casey Barton Behravesh, Kristy K Bradley, F Scott Dahlgren, Naomi A Drexler, J Stephen Dumler, Scott M Folk, Cecilia Y Kato, R Ryan Lash, Michael L Levin, Robert F Massung, Robert B Nadelman, William L Nicholson, Christopher D Paddock, Bobbi S Pritt, Marc S Traeger
Tickborne rickettsial diseases continue to cause severe illness and death in otherwise healthy adults and children, despite the availability of low-cost, effective antibacterial therapy. Recognition early in the clinical course is critical because this is the period when antibacterial therapy is most effective. Early signs and symptoms of these illnesses are nonspecific or mimic other illnesses, which can make diagnosis challenging. Previously undescribed tickborne rickettsial diseases continue to be recognized, and since 2004, three additional agents have been described as causes of human disease in the United States: Rickettsia parkeri, Ehrlichia muris-like agent, and Rickettsia species 364D...
2016: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26632963/clinical-framework-and-medical-countermeasure-use-during-an-anthrax-mass-casualty-incident
#7
William A Bower, Katherine Hendricks, Satish Pillai, Julie Guarnizo, Dana Meaney-Delman
In 2014, CDC published updated guidelines for the prevention and treatment of anthrax (Hendricks KA, Wright ME, Shadomy SV, et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expert panel meetings on prevention and treatment of anthrax in adults. Emerg Infect Dis 2014;20[2]. Available at http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/20/2/13-0687_article.htm). These guidelines provided recommended best practices for the diagnosis and treatment of persons with naturally occurring or bioterrorism-related anthrax in conventional medical settings...
December 4, 2015: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26042815/sexually-transmitted-diseases-treatment-guidelines-2015
#8
Kimberly A Workowski, Gail A Bolan
These guidelines for the treatment of persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were updated by CDC after consultation with a group of professionals knowledgeable in the field of STDs who met in Atlanta on April 30-May 2, 2013. The information in this report updates the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010 (MMWR Recomm Rep 2010;59 [No. RR-12]). These updated guidelines discuss 1) alternative treatment regimens for Neisseria gonorrhoeae; 2) the use of nucleic acid amplification tests for the diagnosis of trichomoniasis; 3) alternative treatment options for genital warts; 4) the role of Mycoplasma genitalium in urethritis/cervicitis and treatment-related implications; 5) updated HPV vaccine recommendations and counseling messages; 6) the management of persons who are transgender; 7) annual testing for hepatitis C in persons with HIV infection; 8) updated recommendations for diagnostic evaluation of urethritis; and 9) retesting to detect repeat infection...
June 5, 2015: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25695372/clinical-guidance-for-smallpox-vaccine-use-in-a-postevent-vaccination-program
#9
Brett W Petersen, Inger K Damon, Carol A Pertowski, Dana Meaney-Delman, Julie T Guarnizo, Richard H Beigi, Kathryn M Edwards, Margaret C Fisher, Sharon E Frey, Ruth Lynfield, Rodney E Willoughby
This report outlines recommendations for the clinical use of the three smallpox vaccines stored in the U.S. Strategic National Stockpile for persons who are exposed to smallpox virus or at high risk for smallpox infection during a postevent vaccination program following an intentional or accidental release of the virus. No absolute contraindications exist for smallpox vaccination in a postevent setting. However, several relative contraindications exist among persons with certain medical conditions. CDC recommendations for smallpox vaccine use were developed in consideration of the risk for smallpox infection, risk for an adverse event following vaccination, and benefit from vaccination...
February 20, 2015: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25578080/indicators-for-chronic-disease-surveillance-united-states-2013
#10
James B Holt, Sara L Huston, Khosrow Heidari, Randy Schwartz, Charles W Gollmar, Annie Tran, Leah Bryan, Yong Liu, Janet B Croft
Chronic diseases are an important public health problem, which can result in morbidity, mortality, disability, and decreased quality of life. Chronic diseases represented seven of the top 10 causes of death in the United States in 2010 (Murphy SL, Xu J, Kochanek KD. Deaths: final data for 2010. Natl Vital Stat Rep 2013;6. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf Adobe PDF file). Chronic diseases and risk factors vary by geographic area such as state and county, where essential public health interventions are implemented...
January 9, 2015: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25254666/updated-preparedness-and-response-framework-for-influenza-pandemics
#11
Rachel Holloway, Sonja A Rasmussen, Stephanie Zaza, Nancy J Cox, Daniel B Jernigan
The complexities of planning for and responding to the emergence of novel influenza viruses emphasize the need for systematic frameworks to describe the progression of the event; weigh the risk of emergence and potential public health impact; evaluate transmissibility, antiviral resistance, and severity; and make decisions about interventions. On the basis of experience from recent influenza responses, CDC has updated its framework to describe influenza pandemic progression using six intervals (two prepandemic and four pandemic intervals) and eight domains...
September 26, 2014: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25167164/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-recommendations-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-acip
#12
Lauri E Markowitz, Eileen F Dunne, Mona Saraiya, Harrell W Chesson, C Robinette Curtis, Julianne Gee, Joseph A Bocchini, Elizabeth R Unger
This report summarizes the epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV) and associated diseases, describes the licensed HPV vaccines, provides updated data from clinical trials and postlicensure safety studies, and compiles recommendations from CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for use of HPV vaccines. Persistent infection with oncogenic HPV types can cause cervical cancer in women as well as other anogenital and oropharyngeal cancers in women and men. HPV also causes genital warts. Two HPV vaccines are licensed in the United States...
August 29, 2014: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24759690/providing-quality-family-planning-services-recommendations-of-cdc-and-the-u-s-office-of-population-affairs
#13
Loretta Gavin, Susan Moskosky, Marion Carter, Kathryn Curtis, Evelyn Glass, Emily Godfrey, Arik Marcell, Nancy Mautone-Smith, Karen Pazol, Naomi Tepper, Lauren Zapata
This report provides recommendations developed collaboratively by CDC and the Office of Population Affairs (OPA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The recommendations outline how to provide quality family planning services, which include contraceptive services, pregnancy testing and counseling, helping clients achieve pregnancy, basic infertility services, preconception health services, and sexually transmitted disease services. The primary audience for this report is all current or potential providers of family planning services, including those working in service sites that are dedicated to family planning service delivery as well as private and public providers of more comprehensive primary care...
April 25, 2014: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24717910/revised-surveillance-case-definition-for-hiv-infection-united-states-2014
#14
(no author information available yet)
Following extensive consultation and peer review, CDC and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists have revised and combined the surveillance case definitions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection into a single case definition for persons of all ages (i.e., adults and adolescents aged ≥13 years and children aged <13 years). The revisions were made to address multiple issues, the most important of which was the need to adapt to recent changes in diagnostic criteria. Laboratory criteria for defining a confirmed case now accommodate new multitest algorithms, including criteria for differentiating between HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection and for recognizing early HIV infection...
April 11, 2014: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24622331/recommendations-for-the-laboratory-based-detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-2014
#15
(no author information available yet)
This report updates CDC's 2002 recommendations regarding screening tests to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections (CDC. Screening tests to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections-2002. MMWR 2002;51[No. RR-15]) and provides new recommendations regarding optimal specimen types, the use of tests to detect rectal and oropharyngeal C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae infections, and circumstances when supplemental testing is indicated. The recommendations in this report are intended for use by clinical laboratory directors, laboratory staff, clinicians, and disease control personnel who must choose among the multiple available tests, establish standard operating procedures for collecting and processing specimens, interpret test results for laboratory reporting, and counsel and treat patients...
March 14, 2014: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24572654/prevention-and-control-of-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-recommendations-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-acip
#16
Elizabeth C Briere, Lorry Rubin, Pedro L Moro, Amanda Cohn, Thomas Clark, Nancy Messonnier
This report compiles and summarizes all recommendations from CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regarding prevention and control of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in the United States. As a comprehensive summary of previously published recommendations, this report does not contain any new recommendations; it is intended for use by clinicians, public health officials, vaccination providers, and immunization program personnel as a resource. ACIP recommends routine vaccination with a licensed conjugate Hib vaccine for infants aged 2 through 6 months (2 or 3 doses, depending on vaccine product) with a booster dose at age 12 through 15 months...
February 28, 2014: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24352112/cdc-guidance-for-evaluating-health-care-personnel-for-hepatitis-b-virus-protection-and-for-administering-postexposure-management
#17
Sarah Schillie, Trudy V Murphy, Mark Sawyer, Kathleen Ly, Elizabeth Hughes, Ruth Jiles, Marie A de Perio, Meredith Reilly, Kathy Byrd, John W Ward
This report contains CDC guidance that augments the 2011 recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for evaluating hepatitis B protection among health-care personnel (HCP) and administering post-exposure prophylaxis. Explicit guidance is provided for persons working, training, or volunteering in health-care settings who have documented hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination years before hire or matriculation (e.g., when HepB vaccination was received as part of routine infant [recommended since 1991] or catch-up adolescent [recommended since 1995] vaccination)...
December 20, 2013: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24157696/provisional-cdc-guidelines-for-the-use-and-safety-monitoring-of-bedaquiline-fumarate-sirturo-for-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#18
(no author information available yet)
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampin, the two most effective of the four first-line TB drugs (the other two drugs being ethambutol and pyrazinamide). MDR TB includes the subcategory of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR TB), which is MDR TB with additional resistance to any fluoroquinolone and to at least one of three injectable anti-TB drugs (i.e., kanamycin, capreomycin, or amikacin). MDR TB is difficult to cure, requiring 18-24 months of treatment after sputum culture conversion with a regimen that consists of four to six medications with toxic side effects, and carries a mortality risk greater than that of drug-susceptible TB...
October 25, 2013: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24067663/investigating-suspected-cancer-clusters-and-responding-to-community-concerns-guidelines-from-cdc-and-the-council-of-state-and-territorial-epidemiologists
#19
(no author information available yet)
This report augments guidelines published in 1990 for investigating clusters of health events (CDC. Guidelines for investigating clusters of health events. MMWR 1990;39[No. RR-11]). The 1990 Guidelines considered any noninfectious disease cluster, injuries, birth defects, and previously unrecognized syndromes or illnesses. These new guidelines focus on cancer clusters. State and local health departments can use these guidelines to develop a systematic approach to responding to community concerns regarding cancer clusters...
September 27, 2013: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24048214/prevention-and-control-of-seasonal-influenza-with-vaccines-recommendations-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-united-states-2013-2014
#20
(no author information available yet)
This report updates the 2012 recommendations by CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regarding the use of influenza vaccines for the prevention and control of seasonal influenza (CDC. Prevention and control of influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP]. MMWR 2012;61:613-8). Routine annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all persons aged ≥ 6 months. For the 2013-14 influenza season, it is expected that trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV3) will be replaced by a quadrivalent LAIV formulation (LAIV4)...
September 20, 2013: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
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