journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338376/pembrolizumab-for-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Mirte Muller, Robert D Schouten, Cornedine J De Gooijer, Paul Baas
In the last years, a spectacular development of immunotherapeutic agents aimed at the PD-1/PD-L1 axis has taken place. This development of these checkpoint inhibitors has greatly influenced our approach to the treatment of lung cancer in first and second line. The limited toxicity profile and the ability to treat for prolonged periods, even in smokers, is a welcome expansion of the therapeutic arsenal of the oncologist. Areas Covered: This review highlights the results of recent clinical trials on pembrolizumab for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142287/overview-and-recent-advances-in-the-treatment-of-neuroblastoma
#2
Sarah B Whittle, Valeria Smith, Erin Doherty, Sibo Zhao, Scott McCarty, Peter E Zage
Children with neuroblastoma have widely divergent outcomes, ranging from cure in >90% of patients with low risk disease to <50% for those with high risk disease. Recent research has shed light on the biology of neuroblastoma, allowing for more accurate risk stratification and treatment reduction in many cases, although newer treatment strategies for children with high-risk and relapsed neuroblastoma are needed to improve outcomes. Areas covered: Neuroblastoma epidemiology, diagnosis, risk stratification, and recent advances in treatment of both newly diagnosed and relapsed neuroblastoma...
March 15, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277833/capecitabine-in-locally-advanced-anal-cancer-do-we-need-randomised-evidence
#3
Li Chia Chong, Tabitha Healey, Tony Michele, Timothy J Price
Standard treatment for locally advanced anal cancer is chemoradiotherapy with mitomycin C and fluorouracil. However, infusional fluorouracil requires central venous catheter placement potentiating risk of infection and thrombosis. Capecitabine which is an oral tumor activated fluoropyrimidine carbamate is an established treatment alternative to infusional fluorouracil for patients with gastrointestinal cancers. Areas covered: This review examines and discusses the current evidence for substitution of Capecitabine for infusional fluorouracil in locally advanced anal cancer...
March 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277832/amino-acid-pet-in-neuro-oncology-applications-in-the-clinic
#4
Norbert Galldiks, Karl-Josef Langen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282999/critical-decision-making-in-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-in-a-neo-adjuvant-treatment-era
#5
Francesca De Felice, Mattia Falchetto Osti, Vitaliana De Sanctis, Daniela Musio, Vincenzo Tombolini
Introduction In breast cancer management, the role of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) has been the subject of intense controversy over the past several years, due to the improvement in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) prescription. One of the most controversial questions regarding indication for adjuvant RT is whether or not RT is essential in patients with early stage disease at diagnosis. The value of adjuvant RT remains highly debatable in those patients with clinically negative nodes at the completion of NACT...
March 10, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277806/epidemiology-and-treatment-patterns-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#6
Philip Jessmon, Talia Boulanger, Wei Zhou, Pallavi Patwardhan
While ovarian cancer (OC) is relatively rare, it remains one of the most fatal cancers. Lack of robust screening methods for eOC lead to detection of most cases at advanced stages, and most patients relapse following initial treatment. Areas covered: This review summarizes epidemiology and treatment patterns of epithelial ovarian cancer (eOC). MEDLINE, EMBASE, conference proceedings, and the Cochrane Library were searched using key terms and Medical Subject Headings for ovarian cancer, treatment patterns, and epidemiology to identify articles published from 2005-2015...
March 22, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271747/short-term-outcomes-of-neoadjuvant-hormonal-therapy-versus-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Estrogen receptor positive (ER(+)) breast cancer (BC) is highly hormonal therapy-responsive. The choice between neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (NHT) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) remains controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate benefits and safety of NHT compared with NCT for operable BC patients. Areas covered: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing NHT and NCT for treatment of invasive and immunohistochemically ER(+) BC. Major outcomes were clinical response rate, pathologic complete response (pCR), operation methods, recurrence, and adverse events...
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271737/could-nampt-inhibition-become-a-potential-treatment-option-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Antje Garten, Susanne Schuster, Melanie Penke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271727/impact-of-sarcopenia-in-the-management-of-urological-cancer-patients
#9
Hiroshi Fukushima, Fumitaka Koga
Sarcopenia, the degenerative and systemic loss of skeletal muscle mass, develops as a consequence of the progression of cancer cachexia. Recent studies suggest that sarcopenia may be used as a biomarker in the management of patients with several cancers. Areas covered: In this article, the authors review 1) the methods to simply and optimally evaluate and define sarcopenia using computed tomography images in daily clinical practice and 2) the impact of sarcopenia in the management of urological cancers, specifically focusing on the usefulness in predicting treatment-related complications and prognosis...
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277100/statistical-approaches-for-evaluating-body-composition-markers-in-clinical-cancer-research
#10
Mohamed Amine Bayar, Sami Antoun, Emilie Lanoy
The term 'morphomics' stands for the markers of body composition in muscle and adipose tissues. in recent years, as part of clinical cancer research, several associations between morphomics and outcome or toxicity were found in different treatment settings leading to a growing interest. we aim to review statistical approaches used to evaluate these markers and suggest practical statistical recommendations. Area covered: We identified statistical methods used recently to take into account properties of morphomics measurements...
March 2, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277834/predictive-biomarkers-along-gastric-cancer-pathogenetic-pathways
#11
Iacopo Panarese, Fernando De Vita, Andrea Ronchi, Marco Romano, Roberto Alfano, Natale Di Martino, Federica Zito Marino, Francesca Ferraraccio, Renato Franco
Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer all over the world. Unfortunately, several gastric cancers are diagnosed in an advanced stage and chemotherapy and/or target therapies medical treatment remain the only options to treat patients. Areas Covered: Herein we evaluate the new molecular proposal of gastric cancer classification, offering the possibility to recognize different pathogenetic mechanisms and molecular biomarkers potentially useful for target therapies. Expert commentary: The possibility of introducing new specific tests for identification of molecular biomarkers critical for targeted therapies response represents the new frontier in the selection of gastric cancer patients to improve their survival...
March 1, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277101/radiosurgery-stereotactic-radiotherapy-in-combination-with-immunotherapy-and-targeted-agents-for-melanoma-brain-metastases
#12
Elisabetta Trino, Cristina Mantovani, Serena Badellino, Umberto Ricardi, Andrea Riccardo Filippi
The clinical landscape of advanced melanoma drastically changed after the introduction of both targeted therapies and immunotherapy. This rapid development in systemic therapies led to a change in the management of patients with brain metastases, with the subsequent need to re-assess the role of local therapies, in particular stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Areas covered: In this non-systematic review, we report on the current knowledge on the use of SRS in combination with immunotherapy and BRAF/MEK inhibitors for patients with melanoma brain metastases, as well as ongoing trials in this field...
March 1, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277102/immune-related-ocular-toxicities-in-solid-tumor-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-a-systematic-review
#13
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Hani Oweira, Ulf Petrausch, Daniel Helbling, Jan Schmidt, Meinrad Mannhart, Arianeb Mehrabi, Othmar Schöb, Anwar Giryes
Immune-related ocular toxicities are uncommon but serious adverse events that may be associated with the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors. The objective of this review is to assess the incidence and risk of ocular toxicities which are potentially immune-related and occur with immune checkpoint treatment of solid tumors. Areas covered: PubMed database has been searched till June 2016. Prospective clinical trials reporting the occurrence of immune-related ocular toxicities in solid tumor patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors were included...
February 24, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162024/immunotherapeutic-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-where-will-we-go
#14
Inês Anselmo Da Costa, Steffen Rausch, Stephan Kruck, Tilman Todenhöfer, Arnulf Stenzl, Jens Bedke
Historically, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is considered a chemotherapy-resistant tumor. The cornerstone of systemic therapy included mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Currently, a new era is enteres with promising immunotherapeutic treatments, which are becoming commercially available. Areas covered: We provide a comprehensive review using PubMed and ClinicalTrials.gov about the following immunotherapies in RCC: i) vaccine therapy, ii) adoptive T Cell Transfer and CAR T cells, iii) nonspecific immunotherapy - IL-2 (new formulations), iv) Checkpoint inhibitors, v) other checkpoint-molecules...
February 20, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277103/hematologic-toxicity-in-anal-cancer-patients-during-combined-chemo-radiation-a-radiation-oncologist-perspective
#15
Pierfrancesco Franco, Francesca Arcadipane, Riccardo Ragona, Massimiliano Mistrangelo, Paola Cassoni, Patrizia Racca, Mario Morino, Gianmauro Numico, Umberto Ricardi
Hematologic toxicity is an important side effect occurring in patients affected with anal cancer, undergoing combined radio-chemotherapy, with consistent clinical meaningfulness. Areas covered: Since more than a half of bone marrow is comprised within the pelvic region, the radiation dose received by this functional compartment is crucial. Modern imaging modalities may provide a useful tool to identify bone marrow and new delivery technology may enhance the radiation oncologist's possibility to selectively spare these structures, potentially decreasing acute hematologic toxicity profile in this setting...
February 17, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128984/implementing-neoadjuvant-endocrine-strategies-in-er-positive-her2-negative-breast-cancer
#16
Alexios Matikas, Theodoros Foukakis, Ilias Michalakis, Vassilis Georgoulias
Although neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been widely adopted as it increases breast conservation rates, permits the in vivo testing of the activity of chemotherapeutics and offers the opportunity to conduct translational research based on longitudinal assessments of tumor tissue, neoadjuvant endocrine therapy has been met with skepticism owing to slow regression rates and a low chance for pathologic remission. Areas covered: Herein, the results of clinical trials comparing different endocrine agents as neoadjuvant treatment, endocrine therapy with chemotherapy, treatment duration, novel combinations and putative biomarkers are reviewed, with the aim to better understand the current and future role of this modality in clinical practice...
February 9, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129003/beyond-platinum-treatment-for-nsclc-what-does-the-future-hold
#17
Mariacarmela Santarpia, Niki Karachaliou, Rafael Rosell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984919/from-chemotherapy-to-target-therapies-associated-with-radiation-in-the-treatment-of-nsclc-a-durable-marriage
#18
Filippo Alongi, Stefano Arcangeli, Sara Ramella, Niccolò Giaj-Levra, Paolo Borghetti, Rolando D'angelillo, Francesco Ricchetti, Marta Maddalo, Rosario Mazzola, Marco Trovò, Elvio Russi, Stefano Maria Magrini
The integration between radiotherapy and drugs, from chemotherapy to recently available target therapies, continues to have a relevant role in the treatment of locally advanced and metastatic Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Aim of the present review is to evaluate the promising and emerging application of the best interaction between new drugs and new modalities of radiotherapy. Areas covered: We searched Medline, Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest Dissertation, and Theses databases for reports published in English...
January 5, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937057/radical-cystectomy-do-we-need-standardization
#19
Christian Ladurner, Evi Comploj, Emanuela Trenti, Salvatore Palermo, Alexander Pycha, Armin Pycha
The first series of radical cystectomy with a definition of surgical landmarks was published in 1949 and was characterized by a high perioperative mortality and a 5-year survival rate around 50%. Decades later, nevertheless many surgical progresses were made and the perioperative mortality dropped to 2,5%, this had not lead to an improvement of long term survival rates, also because a standardization of the procedure is still missing. Areas covered: Radical cystectomy is performed with different surgical techniques obmitting a standardization...
December 28, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281842/opportunities-and-challenges-of-long-term-anti-estrogenic-adjuvant-therapy-treatment-forever-or-intermittently
#20
Poulomi Bhattacharya, Balkees Abderrahman, V Craig Jordan
Extended adjuvant (5-10 years) therapy targeted to the estrogen receptor (ER) has significantly decreased mortality from breast cancer (BC). Areas covered: Translational research advanced clinical testing of extended adjuvant therapy with tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Short term therapy or non-compliance increase recurrence, but surprisingly recurrence and death does not increase dramatically after 5 years of adjuvant therapy stops. Expert commentary: Compliance ensures optimal benefit from extended antihormone adjuvant therapy...
April 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
journal
journal
39793
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"