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Australian Journal of Primary Health

Alisa K Zimmermann, Fiona Barnett
Accredited Exercise Physiologists (AEPs) prescribe exercise and physical activity interventions for people living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). During initial consultations, AEPs face the challenge of collecting enough information to facilitate behaviour change and adherence to treatment recommendations. The objective of this research is to explore the initial consultation practices of AEPs with clients living with T2DM and resultant recommendations provided to clients to promote long-term adherence...
December 6, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Lucie M Ramjan, Sarah Fogarty
The therapeutic relationship plays a unique and pivotal role in the treatment and recovery of individuals with mental illness. The aim of the questionnaire was to understand clients' perceptions of the factors affecting the formation of the therapeutic relationship during treatment or recovery from self-reported anorexia nervosa. Former or current individuals diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, 18 years and over, were invited to participate in an online questionnaire developed by the researchers. Eating disorder organisations in Australia and the United Kingdom advertised the study and provided the link to the online questionnaire...
December 3, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Louisa G Gordon, Thomas M Elliott, Catherine M Olsen, Nirmala Pandeya, David C Whiteman
Medical out-of-pocket costs paid by patients can be problematic when it adversely affects access to care. Survey research involving patients with out-of-pocket expenses may have selection biases, so accurate estimates are unknown. During 2010-11, 419 participants from the QSkin Sun and Health Study (n=43794) had a confirmed diagnosis of either melanoma, prostate, breast, colorectal or lung cancer. These were matched to a general population group (n=421) and a group of high users of GP services (n=419). Medical fees charged and out-of-pocket medical expenses for Medicare services were analysed...
November 22, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kate Murphy, Ian Coombes, Sara McMillan, Amanda J Wheeler
Clozapine is a high-risk medication with restrictions that may increase consumer treatment burden. Shared care may improve access, reduce burden and promote primary care management. However, knowledge about the consumer experience of clozapine treatment within a shared-care setting has not been previously reported to the authors' knowledge. The aim of this study was to explore the consumer experience within the shared-care setting. This mixed-methods study examined consumers' experiences with a clozapine shared-care program in an urban setting in Queensland, Australia...
November 20, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Robyn Gillespie, Judy Mullan, Lindsey Harrison
Polypharmacy is increasing among older Australians, raising their risk of experiencing medication-related harm. As part of the prescribing continuum, deprescribing is a strategy proposed to reduce inappropriate polypharmacy. This study explored factors that influence deprescribing among Australian GPs using a new 21-item survey to measure GP attitudes and practices. The 85 GP responses indicated that many factors are supportive of deprescribing. GPs suggest that they are willing to explore their older patients' deprescribing preferences; they believe that they have enough information about the potential harms and benefits of medication to inform their deprescribing decisions and are confident to communicate this information to their patients...
November 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Thilini Liyanage, Geoffrey Mitchell, Hugh Senior
The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy, feasibility and acceptability of the surprise question (SQ) in combination with a clinical prediction tool (Supportive and Palliative Care Indicator Tool (SPICT)) in identifying residents who have palliative care needs in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) in Australia. A prospective cohort study in two RACFs containing both high-level care (including dementia) and low-level care beds. Directors of Nursing screened 187 residents at risk of dying by 12 months using first the SQ, and if positive, then the SPICT...
November 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Vijayaprakash Suppiah, Chiao Xin Lim, Elizabeth Hotham
Patients obtaining a prescription from a pharmacy expect that the drug will be effective and have minimal side-effects. Unfortunately, drugs exhibit the desired effect in ~25-60% of people prescribed any medication. Adverse effects occur at a rate of 10% in patients taking a medication, and this rate increases during and after hospitalisation, with the transition of care back to the ambulatory setting posing a particular risk. Pharmacogenomics testing has been shown to optimise pharmacotherapy by increasing medication effectiveness and reducing drug-related toxicity, thus curtailing overall healthcare costs...
November 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Helen Benson, Cherie Lucas, Shalom I Benrimoj, Walter Kmet, Kylie A Williams
The Western Sydney Primary Health Network (PHN), WentWest, has been working to improve patient and health system outcomes by commissioning projects that enhance patient-focussed, team-based care. One such project is the WentWest General Practice Pharmacist Project, involving the integration of pharmacists within general practice sites. The aim of this study is to describe, classify and analyse recommendations made by pharmacists to GPs, resulting from patient consultations between pharmacists and patients in a general practice setting...
November 2, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Hannah Xu, Christina Geros, Emma Turner, Mikaela Egan, Kristie Cocotis, Colin Mitchell, Natalie Arambasic, Jennifer Browne
Diabetes contributes considerably to the health disparities in the Aboriginal population. To address the lack of Aboriginal-specific diabetes education tools, Feltman was designed for health professionals to deliver diabetes prevention and management information. This qualitative study aims to explore how this resource was used and its perceived effect on diabetes prevention and management in Victorian Aboriginal communities. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 18 participants (n=6 were Aboriginal) who had attended Feltman training between 2010 and 2016...
October 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jack Wallace, Bev Hanley, Mary Belfrage, Sandra Gregson, Niall Quiery, Jayne Lucke
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are disproportionately affected by hepatitis C, an infection that is curable with direct acting antivirals (DAAs). The Australian Government funded access to DAAs from March 2016 for all people with hepatitis C, with primary care physicians, along with clinical specialists, permitted to prescribe these treatments. The Victorian Aboriginal Health Service, in recognising the effect of liver disease from viral hepatitis within their community, and of the increased availability to DAAs, established a Liver Clinic to facilitate access to treatment for people attending the service...
October 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Thalia Ash, Lester Mascarenhas, John Furler, Meredith Temple-Smith
In 2012, over 239000 people were living in Australia with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Australia's Second National Hepatitis B Strategy (2014) recommends testing contacts to increase identification of people with CHB, but it is generally poorly performed. CHB prevalence in Australia is increasing and contact tracing (CT) remains an untapped strategy for identifying infected individuals. A systematic CT system has been established in a government-funded primary health centre in Melbourne, which services 2000 refugees...
October 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Georgia A Paxton, Pete C G Spink, Margaret H Danchin, Lauren Tyrrell, Chelsea L Taylor, Susan Casey, Hamish R Graham
This study examines catch-up immunisation for people of refugee-like background in Victoria, exploring effective models of service delivery to complete catch-up vaccinations. The analysis is based on: (i) review of the medical literature, Commonwealth and Victorian government immunisation policy and immunisation patient information; (ii) review of vaccination coverage and service delivery data; and (iii) stakeholder interviews completed in 2014 with 45 people from 34 agencies, including 9 local government areas in Victoria...
October 3, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Joanna Bohatko-Naismith, Maya Guest, Carole James, Dimity Pond, Darren A Rivett
General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in the return-to-work process, and yet their experiences working with workplace Return-to-Work Coordinators (RTWCs) have rarely been studied. The aim of this paper is to provide insights from the GP perspective about their experiences with workplace RTWCs and their preparedness for the role. GPs from Australian states and territories where legislation mandates workplaces employ a RTWC were requested to complete a questionnaire on their experiences with workplace RTWCs...
October 3, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
David Newcombe, Rachel Humeniuk, Victoria Dennington, Robert Ali
This study explored the experience and self-reported changes in health behaviours of people in a primary healthcare setting who received a brief intervention (BI) for illicit drugs linked to the Alcohol Smoking Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST). Eighty-two participants from a sexual health clinic in Adelaide, South Australia, who were involved in a randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of an ASSIST-linked BI delivered at baseline, were re-interviewed 3 months later and were administered a semi-structured questionnaire designed to elicit participant perspectives on the BI...
September 27, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Reza Dehnavieh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Sajad Khosravi
Evaluation of programs and determining its challenges to improve and implement reforms is essential in a healthcare system. A primary healthcare program was conducted since 1984 in Iran and faces various challenges after several decades of its life. The aim of this study is to evaluate Iran's primary healthcare program and determine its challenges and weaknesses. In the present systematic review study, the published articles related to Iran's primary healthcare were searched and collected from Iranian databases (SID, Magiran, Noormags and Irandoc) and international databases (Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Knowledge and Google Scholar)...
September 5, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Alisha Evans, Sheryl de Lacey, Kelton Tremellen
The aim of this study is to determine Australians' understanding of the decline in fertility with age, social determinants that influence their decision to start a family and attitudes towards ovarian reserve screening as a tool allowing personalised reproductive life planning. An online survey of 383 childless Australian men and women, aged 18-45 years, was conducted. Both sexes overestimated natural and in vitro fertilization (IVF)-assisted fertility potential with increasing age, with the magnitude of overestimation being more pronounced for men and IVF treatment compared with natural conception...
August 30, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kristen Glenister, Cynthia A Opie, Julian Wright
Discussions regarding overweight may be infrequent in Australian general practice. General practitioners (GPs) may find these discussions difficult to initiate if they are unsure of the language to use, or if patients would find it acceptable to be weighed. Overweight and obesity are more prevalent in rural areas than in metropolitan areas, and strategies to address the health risks associated with these conditions need to be tailored to rural communities. The aims of this study were to identify the language preferred by an Australian adult sample with a range of body sizes, to assess acceptability of routine weight measurement by GPs, and to assess potential influence of gender, body size and rurality on these preferences...
August 29, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Phoebe Elers, Frances Nelson
Research has shown that patient portals can improve patient-provider communication and patient satisfaction. Yet few studies have examined patient portals in New Zealand. In this study, GPs from nine primary care practices were interviewed using a semi-structured interview technique to ascertain how they thought patient portals influence the delivery of primary healthcare. The interviews were transcribed and thematically analysed. The three themes detected were: patient portal usage, health information seeking and the changing consultation...
August 28, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Fengying Pan, Hao Wu, Chaojie Liu, Xiaolei Zhang, Wei Peng, Xuejuan Wei, Wenjuan Gao
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of home telemonitoring on the control of high blood pressure in the Fangzhuang Community Health Center in Fengtai District, Beijing. A total of 110 hypertensive patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure were equally allocated to an intervention group and a control group randomly. The participants in the intervention group received home telemonitoring for blood pressure delivered by a team comprising a GP, a hypertension specialist, a general nurse and an information manager...
August 22, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Esther M Bauleni, Leesa Hooker, Hassan P Vally, Angela Taft
The reproductive years are a critical period where women experience greater risk of intimate-partner violence (IPV). Most studies investigating the association between IPV and reproductive health have been completed in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to examine the relationship between IPV and women's reproductive decision-making in Victoria, Australia. We analysed secondary data from a cluster-randomised trial of IPV screening that surveyed new mothers attending Maternal- and Child-Health centres in Melbourne...
August 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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