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Australian Journal of Primary Health

Hannah Xu, Christina Geros, Emma Turner, Mikaela Egan, Kristie Cocotis, Colin Mitchell, Natalie Arambasic, Jennifer Browne
Diabetes contributes considerably to the health disparities in the Aboriginal population. To address the lack of Aboriginal-specific diabetes education tools, Feltman was designed for health professionals to deliver diabetes prevention and management information. This qualitative study aims to explore how this resource was used and its perceived effect on diabetes prevention and management in Victorian Aboriginal communities. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 18 participants (n=6 were Aboriginal) who had attended Feltman training between 2010 and 2016...
October 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jack Wallace, Bev Hanley, Mary Belfrage, Sandra Gregson, Niall Quiery, Jayne Lucke
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are disproportionately affected by hepatitis C, an infection that is curable with direct acting antivirals (DAAs). The Australian Government funded access to DAAs from March 2016 for all people with hepatitis C, with primary care physicians, along with clinical specialists, permitted to prescribe these treatments. The Victorian Aboriginal Health Service, in recognising the effect of liver disease from viral hepatitis within their community, and of the increased availability to DAAs, established a Liver Clinic to facilitate access to treatment for people attending the service...
October 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Thalia Ash, Lester Mascarenhas, John Furler, Meredith Temple-Smith
In 2012, over 239000 people were living in Australia with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Australia's Second National Hepatitis B Strategy (2014) recommends testing contacts to increase identification of people with CHB, but it is generally poorly performed. CHB prevalence in Australia is increasing and contact tracing (CT) remains an untapped strategy for identifying infected individuals. A systematic CT system has been established in a government-funded primary health centre in Melbourne, which services 2000 refugees...
October 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Georgia A Paxton, Pete C G Spink, Margaret H Danchin, Lauren Tyrrell, Chelsea L Taylor, Susan Casey, Hamish R Graham
This study examines catch-up immunisation for people of refugee-like background in Victoria, exploring effective models of service delivery to complete catch-up vaccinations. The analysis is based on: (i) review of the medical literature, Commonwealth and Victorian government immunisation policy and immunisation patient information; (ii) review of vaccination coverage and service delivery data; and (iii) stakeholder interviews completed in 2014 with 45 people from 34 agencies, including 9 local government areas in Victoria...
October 3, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Joanna Bohatko-Naismith, Maya Guest, Carole James, Dimity Pond, Darren A Rivett
General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in the return-to-work process, and yet their experiences working with workplace Return-to-Work Coordinators (RTWCs) have rarely been studied. The aim of this paper is to provide insights from the GP perspective about their experiences with workplace RTWCs and their preparedness for the role. GPs from Australian states and territories where legislation mandates workplaces employ a RTWC were requested to complete a questionnaire on their experiences with workplace RTWCs...
October 3, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
David Newcombe, Rachel Humeniuk, Victoria Dennington, Robert Ali
This study explored the experience and self-reported changes in health behaviours of people in a primary healthcare setting who received a brief intervention (BI) for illicit drugs linked to the Alcohol Smoking Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST). Eighty-two participants from a sexual health clinic in Adelaide, South Australia, who were involved in a randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of an ASSIST-linked BI delivered at baseline, were re-interviewed 3 months later and were administered a semi-structured questionnaire designed to elicit participant perspectives on the BI...
September 27, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Reza Dehnavieh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Sajad Khosravi
Evaluation of programs and determining its challenges to improve and implement reforms is essential in a healthcare system. A primary healthcare program was conducted since 1984 in Iran and faces various challenges after several decades of its life. The aim of this study is to evaluate Iran's primary healthcare program and determine its challenges and weaknesses. In the present systematic review study, the published articles related to Iran's primary healthcare were searched and collected from Iranian databases (SID, Magiran, Noormags and Irandoc) and international databases (Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Knowledge and Google Scholar)...
September 5, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Alisha Evans, Sheryl de Lacey, Kelton Tremellen
The aim of this study is to determine Australians' understanding of the decline in fertility with age, social determinants that influence their decision to start a family and attitudes towards ovarian reserve screening as a tool allowing personalised reproductive life planning. An online survey of 383 childless Australian men and women, aged 18-45 years, was conducted. Both sexes overestimated natural and in vitro fertilization (IVF)-assisted fertility potential with increasing age, with the magnitude of overestimation being more pronounced for men and IVF treatment compared with natural conception...
August 30, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kristen Glenister, Cynthia A Opie, Julian Wright
Discussions regarding overweight may be infrequent in Australian general practice. General practitioners (GPs) may find these discussions difficult to initiate if they are unsure of the language to use, or if patients would find it acceptable to be weighed. Overweight and obesity are more prevalent in rural areas than in metropolitan areas, and strategies to address the health risks associated with these conditions need to be tailored to rural communities. The aims of this study were to identify the language preferred by an Australian adult sample with a range of body sizes, to assess acceptability of routine weight measurement by GPs, and to assess potential influence of gender, body size and rurality on these preferences...
August 29, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Phoebe Elers, Frances Nelson
Research has shown that patient portals can improve patient-provider communication and patient satisfaction. Yet few studies have examined patient portals in New Zealand. In this study, GPs from nine primary care practices were interviewed using a semi-structured interview technique to ascertain how they thought patient portals influence the delivery of primary healthcare. The interviews were transcribed and thematically analysed. The three themes detected were: patient portal usage, health information seeking and the changing consultation...
August 28, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Fengying Pan, Hao Wu, Chaojie Liu, Xiaolei Zhang, Wei Peng, Xuejuan Wei, Wenjuan Gao
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of home telemonitoring on the control of high blood pressure in the Fangzhuang Community Health Center in Fengtai District, Beijing. A total of 110 hypertensive patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure were equally allocated to an intervention group and a control group randomly. The participants in the intervention group received home telemonitoring for blood pressure delivered by a team comprising a GP, a hypertension specialist, a general nurse and an information manager...
August 22, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Esther M Bauleni, Leesa Hooker, Hassan P Vally, Angela Taft
The reproductive years are a critical period where women experience greater risk of intimate-partner violence (IPV). Most studies investigating the association between IPV and reproductive health have been completed in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to examine the relationship between IPV and women's reproductive decision-making in Victoria, Australia. We analysed secondary data from a cluster-randomised trial of IPV screening that surveyed new mothers attending Maternal- and Child-Health centres in Melbourne...
August 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Rachel McKittrick, Rosemary McKenzie
The Australian Government Health Care Homes (HCH) model recently implemented in general practice targets people with chronic complex conditions. Identifying how general practitioners (GPs) and practice nurses (PNs) can work within this model is important given existing health workforce challenges. A narrative review and synthesis has been undertaken to develop a preliminary understanding of this, incorporating literature describing health workforce challenges, GP and PN functions, and team-based care; supplemented by interviews with key informants from within the primary healthcare system...
August 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Shubha Kamana Mandal, Leesa Hooker, Hassan Vally, Angela Taft
Intimate-partner violence and poor mental health are common, harmful issues for women of childbearing age. Although the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression are well established, far less is known about postpartum anxiety. We aimed to investigate the association between postnatal depression and anxiety, and intimate-partner violence among women attending Victorian Maternal and Child Health services, using data from a randomised control trial: Improving Maternal and Child Health care for Vulnerable Mothers (MOVE)...
August 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Joanne Reeve
Person-centred primary care is a priority for patients, healthcare practitioners and health policy. Despite this, data suggest person-centred care is still not consistently achieved - and indeed, that in some areas, care may be worsening. Whole-person care is the expertise of the medical generalist - an area of clinical practice that has been neglected by health policy for some time. It is internationally recognised that there is a need to rebalance specialist and generalist primary care. Drawing on 15 years of scholarship within the science of medical generalism (the expertise of whole-person medical care), this discussion paper outlines a three-tiered approach to primary care redesign; describing changes needed at the level of the consultation, practice set up and strategic planning...
August 13, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Linton R Harriss, Mary Kyle, Katrina Connolly, Edward Murgha, Merton Bulmer, Darren Miller, Paul Munn, Paul Neal, Kingsley Pearson, Melanie Walsh, Sandra Campbell, Maximus Berger, Robyn McDermott, Malcolm McDonald
Gurriny Yealamucka Health Service Aboriginal Corporation (GYHSAC) is an Indigenous community-controlled health organisation providing comprehensive primary care to the people of Yarrabah in far north Queensland, Australia. GYHSAC conducts an annual Young Person's Health Check (YPC) for people aged 15-25 years based on the Medical Benefits Schedule Item 715. However, the YPC is constantly evolving to meet the needs of the community, and in 2016, in response to concerns about psychological risk among Indigenous youth, GYHSAC teamed up with James Cook University to trial an adapted PHQ-9 depression screening tool (aPHQ-9) as part of the YPC...
August 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Amelia Stephens, Wendy Brodribb, Treasure McGuire, Laura Deckx
There is considerable uncertainty regarding medication use during breastfeeding. This study compared lactation-related questions about medicines from consumers and health professionals to identify knowledge gaps. A retrospective, mixed-methods study of lactation-related call data extracted from two Australian medicines call centre databases: National Prescribing Service (NPS) Medicines Line (ML) for the general public and Therapeutic Advice and Information Service (TAIS) for health professionals, was conducted...
August 8, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jean-Frederic Levesque, John J M O'Dowd, Éidín M Ní Shé, Jan-Willem Weenink, Jane Gunn
Various jurisdictions are moving towards population-based approaches to plan and manage healthcare services. The evidence on the implementation of these models remains limited. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a regional operating model (ROM) on internal functioning and stakeholder engagement of a regional office. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups with staff members and stakeholders of the North West Metropolitan Regional office in Victoria, Australia, were conducted. Overall, the ROM was perceived as relevant to staff and stakeholders...
August 8, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jo M Longman, Elizabeth Rix, Jennifer J Johnston, Megan E Passey
Developing and targeting interventions to reduce hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive (ACS) chronic conditions for older people is a key focus for improvement of the health system. To do this, an understanding of any modifiable factors that may contribute to such admissions is needed. To date, the literature on ACS admissions has rarely included the patient perspective. This qualitative study involved one-to-one telephone interviews with 24 patients aged ≥45 years who had had an unplanned admission for an ACS chronic condition to one of two participating regional hospitals between February and August 2015...
August 6, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Barbara Nattabi, Seham Girgis, Veronica Matthews, Ross Bailie, Jeanette E Ward
Integration of public health and primary healthcare (PHC) is a hallmark of comprehensive PHC to reduce inequitable rates of preventable diseases in communities at risk. In the context of a syphilis outbreak among Indigenous people in Northern Australia, the association between PHC clinic factors and syphilis testing performance (STP) was examined to produce empirical insights for service managers. Data from the Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease National Program (2012-14) were analysed to examine associations between clinic factors and STP (proportion of clients ≥15 years who were tested for or offered a test for syphilis in the prior 24 months)...
July 30, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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