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Australian Journal of Primary Health

Scott Winch, Nageen Ahmed, Christopher Rissel, Michelle Maxwell, Joanna Coutts, Kerri Lucas
The aim of the present paper was to explore how social networks enable dissemination of health information within two Aboriginal communities in New South Wales. The study design was modelled on a social network analysis socio-centric model. Data collection was conducted primarily by Aboriginal community members who were trained as community researchers. Participants reported on their patterns of interaction and who they provided or received health information from, and awareness of the Aboriginal Enhancement of the Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service...
October 19, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Lauren Ball, Katelyn Barnes, Michael Leveritt, Lana Mitchell, Lauren T Williams, Dianne Ball, Elizabeth Patterson
Research priority setting is an important component of research planning, particularly when research options exceed available resources. This study identified the research priorities for supporting healthy lifestyle behaviours in the Australian primary healthcare setting. A five-step stakeholder engagement process was undertaken. Ten stakeholder organisations participated in the process, including patient representatives, health professional associations, health educators, researchers, government advisors and policymakers...
October 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jodie Oliver-Baxter, Lynsey Brown, Ellen McIntyre
Primary healthcare research strives for high-quality, priority-driven research to inform policy and practice. This relies on a robust and sustainable workforce to tackle complex problems faced in primary health care locally and globally. The current study investigated characteristics, experiences and career paths of the Australian primary healthcare research workforce. Thirty-seven former Research Higher Degree students from University Departments of General Practice and Rural Health completed a survey. Number of provisions for researchers and career path clarity were associated with job satisfaction...
October 14, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jane Winter, Sarah A McNaughton, Caryl A Nowson
Older people living in the community face unique nutritional issues that put them at risk of undernutrition, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Primary healthcare staff such as general practitioners (GPs) and practice nurses (PNs) are well placed to identify nutritional problems early and intervene. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences and current practices in a sample of GPs and PNs with regards to nutritional care of elderly patients. An online survey of GPs and PNs working in regional Victoria was conducted...
October 4, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Joseph V Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Ivan Lin, Charmaine Green, Dawn Bessarab
Although successful communication is at the heart of the clinical consultation, communication between Aboriginal patients and practitioners such as doctors, nurses and allied health professionals, continues to be problematic and is arguably the biggest barrier to the delivery of successful health care to Aboriginal people. This paper presents an overarching framework for practitioners to help them reorientate their communication with Aboriginal patients using 'clinical yarning'. Clinical yarning is a patient-centred approach that marries Aboriginal cultural communication preferences with biomedical understandings of health and disease...
September 26, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Andrea Simpson, Joanne C Enticott, Jacinta Douglas
In this paper, the association between socioeconomic status and speech, language and communication outcomes for primary-school-going children with hearing loss using population survey data was analysed. The dataset used for analysis consisted of 289973 children in total, of which 3174 children had hearing loss. For all children, higher socioeconomic status was positively correlated with better speech, language and communication outcomes. A hearing loss was indicated for 1% of non-Indigenous children and 4.3% of Indigenous children...
September 23, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Mithilesh Dronavalli, Manavi M Bhagwat, Sandy Hamilton, Marisa Gilles, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Sandra C Thompson
Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) require ongoing treatment and support from their primary care provider to modify cardiovascular risk factors (including diet, exercise and mood), to receive evidence-based pharmacotherapies and be properly monitored and to ensure their take-up and completion of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This study assesses adherence to National Heart Foundation guidelines for ACS in primary care in a regional centre in Western Australia. Patients discharged from hospital after a coronary event (unstable angina or myocardial infarction) or a coronary procedure (stent or coronary artery bypass graft) were identified through general practice electronic medical records...
September 20, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jenny Day, Ann Clare Thorington Taylor, Peter Summons, Pamela Van Der Riet, Sharyn Hunter, Jane Maguire, Sophie Dilworth, Helen Bellchambers, Sarah Jeong, Gunilla Haydon, Margaret Harris, Isabel Higgins
This paper reports phase one, conducted from March to June 2015, of a two-phase, qualitative descriptive study designed to explore the perceptions and experiences of older people before and after the introduction of consumer directed care (CDC) to home care packages (HCP) in Australia. Eligible consumers with a local HCP provider were mailed information about the study. Data collection occurred before the introduction of CDC and included face-to-face, in-depth interviews, summaries of interviews, field notes and reflective journaling...
September 16, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Nerida Joss, Eliette Dupré-Husser, Amanda Cooklin, Brian Oldenburg
Integrated approaches to worker health, safety and wellbeing have been progressively developed and implemented internationally for over a decade; however, implementation in the Australian context is still in the early stages. Integrated workplace interventions recognise the interaction between health protection and health promotion to create a workplace culture in which health, safety and wellbeing are valued and managed efficiently, together with a view to improve organisational productivity. The present paper describes the progress of integrated approaches in six Victorian workplaces considered early adopters and identifies the drivers for further policy and program development in this area...
September 8, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Lauren Ball, Patricia Lee, Gina L Ambrosini, Kyra Hamilton, Haitham Tuffaha
Supporting patients to have healthy dietary behaviours contributes significantly to preventing and managing lifestyle-related chronic diseases. 'Nutrition care' refers to any practice provided by a health professional to support a patient to improve their dietary behaviours and subsequent health outcomes. Approximately 3% of consultations by Australian general practitioners (GPs) involve the provision of nutrition care. The aim of the present paper was to forecast the potential implications of a higher frequency of nutrition care by GPs...
September 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Erin Turbitt, Marina Kunin, Sarah Gafforini, Lena Sanci, Neil Spike, Gary L Freed
Australian general practitioners (GPs) are seeing proportionally fewer paediatric patients. GPs may be increasingly relying on secondary or tertiary care physicians to provide care to children with complex, chronic conditions. Shared-care initiatives may provide a solution to the apparent increasing dependence of GPs on paediatric specialists, although, currently, evidence is lacking about both the prevalence and composition of shared care for children in Australia. We invited 377 GPs in Melbourne, Australia, who had referred at least two children to specialist paediatric outpatient clinics within the 2014 calendar year, to participate in a mailed survey study...
September 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Riki Lane, Grant Russell, Elizabeth A Bardoel, Jenny Advocat, Nicholas Zwar, P Gawaine Powell Davies, Mark F Harris
Developed nations are implementing initiatives to transform the delivery of primary care. New models have been built around multidisciplinary teams, information technology and systematic approaches for chronic disease management (CDM). In Australia, the General Practice Super Clinic (GPSC) model was introduced in 2010. A case study approach was used to illustrate the development of inter-disciplinary CDM over 12 months in two new, outer urban GPSCs. A social scientist visited each practice for two 3-4-day periods...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Rebecca Evans, Sarah Larkins, Tracy Cheffins, Rhonda Fleming, Karen Johnston, Marc Tennant
Australia has seen a significant increase in people aged over 65 years accessing general practice services over the last decade. Although people aged 65 years and over comprise 14% of the total population, this age demographic accounts for the largest proportion of general practitioner (GP)-patient encounters. Access to general practice is important for older Australians as the burden of chronic disease increases with age. A geographic information system, ArcGIS, was used to assess geographic access to general practice for older people residing in the regional Queensland towns of Mackay, Townsville and Cairns...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kénora Chau, Jean-Charles Vauthier, Bernard Kabuth
Families have greatly changed over time and little is known about primary care access barriers for adolescents associated with family type. We assessed family disparities in lack of listening and treatment explanations (LLTE) by general practitioners (GP), lack of treatment adherence (LTA) and GP change and the confounding roles of socioeconomic factors, school, behaviour and health difficulties among 1559 middle-school-aged (9.9-18.8 years old) adolescents who completed a questionnaire on sex, age, socioeconomic characteristics (family structure, nationality, parents' occupation, education and income), school performance, substance use, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, living environment, LLTE by GPs, LTA and GP change...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Emma L Friesen, Elizabeth J Comino
Developing research capacity is recognised as an important endeavour. However, little is known about the current research culture, capacity and supports for staff working in community-based health settings. A structured survey of Division of Community Health staff was conducted using the research capacity tool. The survey was disseminated by email and in paper format. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were analysed thematically. In total, 109 usable responses were received, giving a response rate of 26%...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Kylie-Ann Mallitt, Justin McNab, Rod Hughes, Joanne Fernyhough, Janis Paterson, Di O'Halloran
Coordination of health services is thought to improve health outcomes for patients with chronic and complex illness; however, there is limited quantitative evidence for the effectiveness of coordinated care programs. HealthOne Mount Druitt (HOMD) is a coordinated care program operating in a disadvantaged area of Western Sydney, Australia. It operates as a combination 'virtual' and 'hub and spoke' model, with care coordination provided by liaison nurses. We aimed to determine whether there were changes in the number of emergency department (ED) presentations, length of stay, and community health referrals in the 12 months following enrolment in HOMD, compared to the 12 months prior...
August 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
K S Panaretto, A Dellit, A Hollins, G Wason, C Sidhom, K Chilcott, D Malthouse, S Andrews, J Mein, B Ahkee, R McDermott
This paperexplores the patterns ofpatients'accessingsix Aboriginal and Islander CommunityControlled Health Services (AICCHSs) in Queensland. Between August 2011 and February 2014, 26199 patients made at least one visit over a 2-year period prior to at least one of six Queensland AICCHS - one urban service (RA 1) in south-east Queensland, and five services in regional towns (RA 3) in Far North Queensland. Geospatial mapping of addresses for these registered patients was undertaken. The outcomes analysed included travel times to, the proportion of catchment populations using each AICCHS and an assessment of alternative mainstream general practice availability to these patients was made...
August 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Skye McPhie, Helen Skouteris, Lynne Millar, Craig Olsson, Karen Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Jodie Dodd, Briony Hill
The aim of this study was to identify barriers to providing preconception weight management. Twenty health professionals participated in a semistructured phone interview regarding their beliefs on perceived barriers to providing preconception weight management. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and examined using thematic analysis to extract the key themes. Two themes were identified from the interviews: (1) barriers hindering women from accessing preconception weight management interventions (i...
August 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Jill Benson, Razlyn Abdul Rahim, Rishi Agrawal
The hypothesis of this study was that those refugee children with Helicobacter pylori are thinner than their non-infected counterparts. This cross-sectional study investigated the height and weight of newly arrived refugee children up to age 19 years, who were screened for H. pylori using a stool antigen test at the Migrant Health Service in Adelaide between August 2010 and October 2013. Of 460 children, 21% were infected with H. pylori. After adjusting for vitamin B12 and iron levels, ethnicity, age and sex, the odds of being thin in the 10- to 19-year-old age group was 4...
August 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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