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Addiction Research & Theory

Holly H Reid, Leslie H Lundahl, Jamey J Lister, Eric A Woodcock, Mark K Greenwald
Background: This study examined whether lifetime heroin-use consequences mediate the relationship between trait impulsivity and three current mood outcomes: depression symptoms, stress levels, and perception of life events. Method: Regular heroin users ( N = 163) were assessed using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) to measure trait impulsivity; a standardized Drug History and Use Questionnaire to measure lifetime adverse consequences of heroin use; Beck Depression Inventory II to measure current depression symptoms; Stress subscale of the Depression Anxiety Stress scale; and Hassles and Uplifts scale to measure perception of life events...
2018: Addiction Research & Theory
Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, R Lorraine Collins, James A Cranford, Stephen T Chermack, Marc A Zimmerman, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
Background: Daily process research can help distinguish causal relationships between substance use and sexual risk behaviors in high-risk groups, such as urban emerging adults. We employed text messaging to assess 18-25 year-olds' daily substance use and sexual risk behaviors over 28 days. We describe the implementation of this method, attitudes regarding the daily surveys, and correlates of survey completion. Method: We recruited 111 emerging adults from an urban Emergency Department in a resource-limited area who reported recent drug use and unprotected sex ( M age =22...
2018: Addiction Research & Theory
Noah R Gubner, Johannes Thrul, Oona A Kelly, Danielle E Ramo
Background: Among young adults, cigarette smoking is strongly associated with alcohol and marijuana use. The present study compared self-reported co-use of cigarettes and alcohol versus cigarettes and marijuana among young adults using cross-sectional survey data. Methods: Participants were young adult cigarette smokers (age 18 to 25) who also reported past month alcohol or marijuana use enrolled in a randomized trial testing a smoking cessation intervention on Facebook...
2018: Addiction Research & Theory
Matthias Pierce, Graham Dunn, Tim Millar
Background: The effectiveness of treatment for people with substance use disorders is usually examined using longitudinal cohorts. In these studies, treatment is often considered as a time-varying exposure. The aim of this commentary is to examine confounding in this context, when the confounding variable is time-invariant and when it is time-varying. Method: Types of confounding are described with examples and illustrated using path diagrams. Simulations are used to demonstrate the direction of confounding bias and the extent that it is accounted for using standard regression adjustment techniques...
May 4, 2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Patrick L Dulin, Corene E Alvarado, James M Fitterling, Vivian M Gonzalez
This study compared alcohol consumption data collected through daily interviews on a smartphone with data collected via the Timeline Follow-Back (TLFB) during a 6-week pilot study of a smartphone-based alcohol intervention system. The focus of the study was to assess for discrepancies between the two measurement methodologies on commonly utilized alcohol outcome variables. Twenty-five participants between 22 and 45 years of age and were drinking heavily at study incipience completed a 6-week alcohol intervention delivered by a smartphone application that monitored drinking through a daily interview...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Nathan J Doogan, Keith Warren
Background: Clinical theory in therapeutic communities (TCs) for substance abuse treatment emphasizes the importance of peer interactions in bringing about change. This implies that residents will respond in a more prosocial manner to peer versus staff intervention and that residents will interact in such a way as to maintain cooperation. Method: The data consist of electronic records of peer and staff affirmations and corrections at four corrections-based therapeutic community units...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Nicole A Short, Brittany M Mathes, Brittany Gibby, Mary E Oglesby, Michael J Zvolensky, Norman B Schmidt
Insomnia symptoms are associated with smoking, and may interfere with smoking cessation. Specifically, studies have shown that smoking-related sleep problems are associated with long-term smoking relapse, and longer sleep duration is associated with successful smoking cessation. However, it is currently unclear whether pre- or post-quit insomnia symptoms are associated with smoking cessation outcomes. As such, the current study aimed to extend previous findings by using a measure of insomnia symptoms as a predictor of smoking cessation failure by month 3 following smoking cessation treatment...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Scott E Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
The comorbidity between eating disorders (EDs) and substance use disorders (SUDs) is of particular concern given the high rates of mortality, relapse and poor treatment outcomes associated with both disorders. As a result, there has been a growing impetus within the field to elucidate factors that might influence and aid treatment for this comorbidity. One such factor is dispositional mindfulness, as past literature has demonstrated a significant relationship between mindfulness and both EDs and SUDs. However, we are unaware of any research that has examined the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and ED symptoms in a sample of men in residential treatment for SUDs...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Emily A Hennessy, Maurya W Glaude, Andrew J Finch
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent substance use disorders often involve a recurring cycle of treatment and relapse. The academic and practical definition of addition recovery for adults has been debated; yet, elements determining a successful adolescent recovery aside from abstinence have not been delineated. Thus, we sought to explore how practitioners and administrators define "success" in recovery and how they foster youth progress towards success. METHODS: Using a qualitative design, we purposively selected and visited treatment and recovery services sites and interviewed practitioners and administrators (N = 13)...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Mark A Celio, Nadine R Mastroleo, Graham DiGuiseppi, Nancy P Barnett, Suzanne M Colby, Christopher W Kahler, Don Operario, Brian Suffoletto, Peter M Monti
Brief motivational intervention (MI) is an efficacious approach to reduce heavy drinking and associated sexual risk behavior among Emergency Department (ED) patients, but the intensity of demands placed on ED staff makes the implementation of in-person MIs logistically challenging. This proof-of-concept pilot study examined the acceptability and logistic feasibility of using video-conferencing technology to deliver an MI targeting heavy drinking and risky sexual behavior to patients in an ED setting. Rigorous screening procedures were employed to ensure that the pilot sample represents the target portion of ED patients who would benefit from this multi-target MI...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Ronald G Thompson, Jennifer C Elliott, Mei-Chen Hu, Christina Aivadyan, Efrat Aharonovich, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: Homeless young adults are more likely than their never-homeless counterparts to abuse alcohol and engage in risky sexual behaviors, yet no interventions to simultaneously reduce both these behaviors among this vulnerable population have been systematically designed and evaluated. We therefore developed a brief intervention (BI) to reduce both alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors among homeless young adults. The results of a randomized trial testing the BI against an education comparison (EC) are presented...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Kaitlin E Bountress, Isha W Metzger, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Amanda K Gilmore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors (SRBs) are significant problems on college campuses. College women are at particularly high risk for negative consequences associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy. METHODS: The current study (n = 160) examined the effect of a brief, web-based alcohol intervention (n = 53) for college women on reducing SRBs compared to an assessment only control (n = 107) with a randomized controlled trial...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
Raman Baweja, Katherine M Curci, Jessica Yingst, Susan Veldheer, Shari Hrabovsky, Stephen J Wilson, Travis T Nichols, Thomas Eissenberg, Jonathan Foulds
Background: Awareness and use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) has increased significantly in the last five years, but little is known about the experiences, satisfaction, opinions and preferences of e-cigs users. Method: 1177 participants completed an online survey about their electronic cigarette preferences, of which 200 were randomly selected for analysis. The data was analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Results: Participants found the design, the ability to customize, and the quality of vapor to be the most important characteristics of the device...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Christopher S Stauffer, Vivek Musinipally, Angela Suen, Kara L Lynch, Brad Shapiro, Joshua D Woolley
30-60% of patients receiving methadone for opioid use disorder (OUD) actively use cocaine. Cocaine use disorder (CUD) has no FDA-approved pharmacological treatment; existing psychosocial treatments are inadequate. Oxytocin, a social neuropeptide, has preclinical promise as an adjunctive treatment for both OUD and CUD. Twenty-two individuals receiving methadone for OUD with co-occurring CUD were randomized to receive oxytocin or placebo intranasally 40 IU twice daily for two weeks. A priori aims were feasibility and safety...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Cathy Lau-Barraco, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Abby L Braitman, Amy L Stamates
BACKGROUND: Emerging adults have the highest prevalence of heavy drinking as compared to all other age groups. Given the negative consequences associated with such drinking, additional research efforts focused on at-risk consumption are warranted. The current study sought to identify patterns of situational antecedents to drinking and to examine their associations with drinking motivations, alcohol involvement, and mental health functioning in a sample of heavy drinking college students...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Cecile A Marczinski, Heather Hertzenberg, Perilou Goddard, Sarah F Maloney, Amy L Stamates, Kathleen O'Connor
The purpose of this study was to determine if a brief 10-item alcohol-related Facebook® activity (ARFA) questionnaire would predict alcohol use patterns in college students (N = 146). During a single laboratory session, participants first privately logged on to their Facebook® profiles while they completed the ARFA measure, which queries past 30 day postings related to alcohol use and intoxication. Participants were then asked to complete five additional questionnaires: three measures of alcohol use (the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [AUDIT], the Timeline Follow-Back [TLFB], and the Personal Drinking Habits Questionnaire [PDHQ]), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MC-SDS)...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Robert L Peralta, Breanna C Stewart, Jennifer L Steele, Fernando A Wagner
Male-female variations in health-behavior continue to be of national and international significance with men generally being more likely to be engaged in behaviors that enhance risk across an array of preventable diseases and injuries as well as premature deaths. The literature has identified non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) as a developing and particularly dangerous substance use behavior among college students. The literature has reported sex differences (male; female) in NMUPD but has yet to explain how gender-orientation (e...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Omar Martinez, Elwin Wu, Ethan C Levine, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Joseph Spadafino, Brian Dodge, Scott D Rhodes, Javier López Rios, Hugo Ovejero, Eva M Moya, Silvia Chavez Baray, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, M Isabel Fernandez
Alcohol consumption is a significant public health concern among Latino men and Latina transgender women who have sex with men. However, characteristics and behaviors associated with alcohol consumption in this population, particularly in regard to the complex influence of syndemic factors, remain understudied. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of high-risk alcohol consumption (i.e. binge or heavy drinking). Between January and March of 2014, 176 Latino men and Latina transgender women in New York City completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Christi A Patten, Mayo Clinic, Kathy Goggin, Kari Jo Harris, Kimber Richter, Karen Williams, Paul A Decker, Mayo Clinic, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Delwyn Catley
BACKGROUND: Research examining relationships between social support and smoking cessation has paid little attention to non-treatment seeking smokers and not considered the role of autonomy support for fostering quitting motivation. This study examined if autonomy support received from family and friends was associated with quitting motivation and making a quit attempt among diverse smokers with varying levels of quitting motivation. Demographic characteristics associated with autonomy support were explored...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Vani Nath Simmons, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Paul T Harrell, Lauren R Meltzer, John B Correa, Marina Unrod, Thomas H Brandon
BACKGROUND: There has been an exponential increase in the prevalence of e-cigarette use, particularly among youth. However, adult use is also rising, and there have been relatively few qualitative studies with adult users to understand their reasons for use and future use intentions. Such information is needed to inform both prevention and cessation approaches. METHOD: Thirty-one e-cigarette users participated in one of several focus groups assessing the appeal of e-cigarettes as well as comparisons to combustible cigarettes and approved smoking cessation aids...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
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