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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569460/dental-sealants-part-1-prevention-first
#1
S Colombo, L Paglia
Tooth decay is still one of the most common chronic childhood diseases in the world, even if during the last five decades measures to combat dental caries have been developed, tested and applied in many populations. Preventive care and education programmes are essential to keeping children's mouths healthy. Within the prevention methods, dental sealants play an important role in preventing the onset and the development of dental cavities.
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569459/a-video-eyeglasses-earphones-system-as-distracting-method-during-dental-treatment-in-children-a-crossover-randomised-and-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
A Garrocho-Rangel, E Ibarra-Gutiérrez, M Rosales-Bérber, R Esquivel-Hernández, V Esparza-Villalpando, A Pozos-Guillén
AIM To evaluate the effectiveness of a Video Eyeglasses/Earphones System (VEES) as distracting device in reducing anxiety in children during dental procedures carried out under local anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this crossover clinical trial, 36 Frankl scale II and III children aged 5-8 years received different dental procedures in two sessions, with and without the VEES system. In the control visit, they were not exposed to this distraction stimulus, but traditional non-aversive behaviour management was applied...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569458/clinical-histomorphological-and-therapeutic-features-of-the-van-der-woude-syndrome-literature-review-and-presentation-of-an-unusual-case
#3
F Angiero, D Farronato, F Ferrante, M Paglia, R Crippa, L Rufino, A Trevisiol, R F Mazzola, S Blasi
BACKGROUND: Van der Woude syndrome (VWS), an autosomal dominant condition associated with lower lip pits and/or cleft palate, is caused by mutations in the interferon regulatory factor 6 gene (lRF6 gene). The genetic alterations identified to date that contribute to expression of the syndrome are chiefly mutations located on chromosome 1 (the largest of our chromosomes), mutations at p36 that codifies the gene GRHL (grainy-head transcriptor factor) and mutations involving IRF6 (interferon regulatory factor)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569457/titanium-tsme-appliance-for-patients-allergic-to-nickel
#4
C Maspero, G Galbiati, L Giannini, G Guenza, L Esposito, G Farronato
AIM: The aim of this article is to describe the use of a titanium TSME appliance for patients with allergy to resin and nickel. We aim to highlight the optimal way to avoid problems such as stomatitis and peri-labial dermatitis, which generally appear in patients who use traditional orthodontic appliances made in acrylic resin and steel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The construction of a titanium appliance is described and a case treated with it is reported. RESULTS: The titanium TSME presented in this paper has excellent biocompatibility due to its ability to form superficial oxides, which prevent oxidation and thus corrosion...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569456/is-laser-conditioning-a-valid-alternative-to-conventional-etching-for-aesthetic-brackets
#5
M F Sfondrini, G Calderoni, M C Vitale, P Gandini, A Scribante
AIM: ER:Yag lasers have been described as a more conservative alternative to conventional acid-etching enamel conditioning technique, when bonding conventional metallic orthodontic brackets. Since the use of aesthetic orthodontic brackets is constantly increasing, the purpose of the present report has been to test laser conditioning with different aesthetic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: Five different aesthetic brackets (microfilled copolymer, glass fiber, sapphire, polyoxymethylene and sintered ceramic) were tested for shear bond strength and Adhesive Remnant Index scores using two different enamel conditioning techniques (acid etching and ER:Yag laser application)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569455/laser-labial-frenectomy-a-simplified-and-predictable-technique-retrospective-clinical-study
#6
M Olivi, M D Genovese, G Olivi
AIM: Anomalous maxillary median labial frenum may be associated with undesired effects such as persistence of diastema between anterior teeth or traction of marginal gingiva. The aim of this study was to propose a surgical frenum repositioning technique that is minimally invasive, safe, easy, reproducible, and predictable. Another objective of the study was to identify clinical scenarios that could have indication for labial frenectomy associated with early orthodontic therapy, so as to justify early frenum repositioning in children...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569454/the-possibility-of-modification-and-improvement-of-dental-services-in-poland-for-children-and-adolescents-with-special-emphasis-on-orthodontic-service
#7
M Tomaszewski, T Matthews-Brzozowska
AIM: World Dental Federation reveals that dental caries is one of the most common diseases in the world, and as much as 90% of the population is facing oral cavity problems. About 28% of teenagers aged 10 and 15 absolutely needs orthodontic treatment and about another third of this age group represents very serious cases. The aim of this study is to verify the authorial model which modifies and facilitates the system of dental services in Poland with a special emphasis on orthodontic service...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569453/the-safety-of-paediatric-dentistry-procedures-under-general-anaesthesia-a-five-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center
#8
A K Bartella, C Lechner, M Kamal, J Steegmann, F Hölzle, B Lethaus
AIM: Frequently general anaesthesia (GA) is used to treat noncompliant children. Especially in children with morbid diseases general anaesthesia can be a challenging procedure for anaesthetists. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the risks and adverse reactions with a special focus on the impact of existing medication conditions and syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: and methods Records of children up to 10 years of age, who were admitted for paediatric dentistry procedures under GA from January 2011 to December 2016 at the University Hospital of the University of Aachen (Germany), were reviewed...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569452/single-tooth-anaesthesia-a-new-approach-to-the-paediatric-patient-a-clinical-experimental-study
#9
L Giannetti, E Forabosco, E Spinas, D Re, A Murri Dello Diago
AIM: The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of the STA Wand System with respect to pain and fear reduction in paediatric patients and by using the Single Tooth Anaesthesia (STA) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients included children and teenagers between 6 and 17 years of age, who required the administration of local anaesthesia prior to expected treatments. Local anaesthesia was performed by means of the electronic STA Wand System (Milestone scientific...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569451/a-comparative-assessment-of-changes-in-dental-arches-associated-with-different-activation-protocols-of-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#10
A Baldini, A Nota, C Santariello, V Assi, F Ballanti, P Cozza
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare dental arch changes associated with different activation protocols of maxillary expander. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 101 subjects with constricted maxillary arches (49 males and 52 females; mean age 10.96 ± 1.91 years) was enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent RME with a stainless steel banded expander cemented to the maxillary first molars and the expansion screw was randomly activated with two different rapid maxillary expansion protocols (one- quarter per day or two quarters per day)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569450/maxillary-tridimensional-changes-after-slow-expansion-with-leaf-expander-in-a-sample-of-growing-patients-a-pilot-study
#11
V Lanteri, A Gianolio, G Gualandi, M Beretta
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the dento-alveolar effects of slow maxillary expansion using the Leaf Expander in a sample of growing patients with maxillary transverse deficiency, unilateral cross bite and mandibular shift. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 10 patients, 3 male and 7 female (mean age 7.5 + 7 months), treated with Leaf Expander anchored on the upper deciduous teeth. Digital models were obtained by a lab scan of the pvs impressions at the beginning of the therapy (T1) and at the removal of the palatal expander (T2)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569449/parental-caregiver-perception-of-child-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-following-zirconia-crown-placement-and-non-restoration-of-carious-primary-anterior-teeth
#12
H N Sonbol, Z B Al-Bitar, A Z Shraideh, M K Al-Omiri
AIM: Dental caries in preschool children has shown significant impact on children's OHRQoL and family functioning. The aim of this study was to measure parents' perceptions of children's OHRQoL and impact of children's orofacial conditions on the family following management of carious anterior teeth with either zirconia crown placement or non-restorative therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of medically fit children aged from 2 years to 6 years attending specialist paediatric clinics were recruited and a questionnaire that included the Global Oral Health Rating Item, Parent-Caregivers Perception Questionnaire (P-CPQ-8) and Family Impact Scale (FIS-8) was distributed at a recall visit 3-6 months following treatment...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569448/apical-extrusion-of-debris-in-primary-molar-root-canals-using-mechanical-and-manual-systems
#13
B Buldur, C Hascizmeci, S Aksoy, M Nur Aydin, O N Guvendi
AIM: Apical extrusion of debris in primary root canal treatment has not been well elucidated. The purpose of this study is to compare the amount of apically extruded debris during the preparation of primary molar root canals using ProTaper, ProTaper Next, Self-adjusting File (SAF) and hand files. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty extracted primary mandibular molar teeth were assigned to 2 groups: Group 1: Resorbed (n=80) and Group 2: Non-resorbed (n=80) and randomly to four subgroups (n=20 teeth for each subgroup) according to the instruments used, ProTaper, ProTaper Next, SAF, and hand file...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569447/association-between-salivary-cortisol-level-and-caries-in-early-childhood
#14
S Caruso, R Gatto, B Cinque, M G Cifone, A Mattei
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between caries and oral health status, age, salivary cortisol levels, and parental education in children with and without prior dental caries experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational case-control study was performed including 122 children aged between 3 and 6 years who were clinically examined for caries experience using the sum of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary (dmft index) and permanent (DMFT index) dentition...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569446/who-healthy-diet-to-prevent-chronic-diseases-and-caries
#15
L Paglia
For some years now, the WHO has recommended less than 10% of energy intake from free sugars. The same document also stresses the need to bring this limit below 5% as soon as possible. These guidelines have been promoted with the aim of reducing the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity and metabolic syndrome. At the same time, the reduction of free sugars in the diet can be part of a strategy to reduce the prevalence of caries, which is known to be an infectious and transmissible multifactorial disease known to be "triggered" by wrong dietary habits...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380621/paediatric-laser-dentistry-part-4-soft-tissue-laser-applications
#16
G Olivi, C Caprioglio, M Olivi, M D Genovese
Lasers can provide effective soft tissues applications in children. All the wavelengths produce incision and vaporisation of oral tissues, together with a high bactericidal effect. The haemosthatic effect varys according to the wavelength used, and the choice of a visibile, near, medium or far infrared laser allows a better interaction with specific targets, gingiva, mucosa, frenum, or oral pathology.
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380620/parental-oral-health-literacy-of-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-hong-kong
#17
S Hiu Fong Lai, M Kok Wun Wong, H Ming Wong, C Kar Yung Yiu
AIM: To assess the parental oral health literacy of children with severe early childhood caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 315 children diagnosed with severe early childhood caries, and their parents were recruited to participate in the study. A clinical examination was conducted to assess the children's oral health status. Their parents were asked to complete a Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Paediatric Dentistry (HKOHLAT-P) questionnaire...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380619/the-prevalence-of-ankyloglossia-in-302-newborns-with-breastfeeding-problems-and-sucking-difficulties-in-barcelona-a-descriptive-study
#18
E Ferrés-Amat, T Pastor-Vera, P Rodriguez-Alessi, E Ferrés-Amat, J Mareque-Bueno, E Ferrés-Padró
AIM: Oral and maxillofacial development is influenced by the lingual frenulum and also affects breathing, occlusion, sucking, swallowing, speech, among others. Ankyloglossia in the newborn may result in breastfeeding difficulties: maternal nipple pain and/or erosion or mastitis, poor weight gain and excessively long breastfeeds. The main objective of this work is to study the prevalence of ankyloglossia in newborns with breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study of 302 patients, between 0 and 6 months, who attended the hospital as a result of breastfeeding difficulties...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380618/reasons-of-repeat-dental-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia-a-retrospective-study
#19
J Guidry, S Bagher, O Felemban, A Rich, C Loo
AIM: The purpose of this chart review study was to investigate the common factors that exist in paediatric patients requiring a repeat dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA2) within four years after the initial dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Electronic Health Records of one to 12 year-old children who received dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) between April 2004 and October 2009 were identified and analysed by a single examiner...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380617/reliability-and-validity-of-the-italian-versions-of-the-children-s-fear-survey-schedule-dental-subscale-and-the-modified-child-dental-anxiety-scale
#20
L Paglia, S Gallus, S de Giorgio, S Cianetti, E Lupatelli, G Lombardo, A Montedori, P Eusebi, R Gatto, S Caruso
AIM: Children's dental fear and anxiety (DFA) causes significant problems in clinical practice. The 15-item Children's Fear Survey Schedule - Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and the 8-item Modified Child Dental Anxiety Scale (MCDAS) are the most widely used measures of dental fear in children. The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of the Italian versions of the CFSS-DS and MCDAS, also in comparison with a simple visual analogue scale (VAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CFSS-DS and MCDAS were translated into Italian by a consensus panel of experts and administered to 210 dental patients aged 4-11 years from three Italian Institutions...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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