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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045325/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-4-coeliac-disease
#1
C Mantegazza, M Paglia, F Angiero, R Crippa
Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease. Dental enamel hypoplasia and aphthous ulcers have been found to be more common in children with coeliac disease compared with the general population and to regress after the patient is started on a gluten free-diet. A prompt recognition of systemic diseases through a careful examination of the oral cavity could allow the child to have appropriate investigations and to be treated in a timely fashion...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045324/evaluation-of-tablet-pc-as-a-tool-for-teaching-tooth-brushing-to-children
#2
F Salama, I Abobakr, N Al-Khodair, M Al-Wakeel
AIM: This study evaluated the effect of a single time tooth brushing instruction using video on a tablet PC (Apple iPad) compared to operator presentation using jaw model for plaque removal. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of 100 children divided into two groups. For Group 1 brushing was demonstrated to the child by the operator with the use of a jaw model. This demonstration was videotaped for subsequent use in Group 2 using a tablet PC (Apple iPad)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045323/the-process-of-mineralisation-in-the-development-of-human-tooth
#3
S Caruso, S Bernardi, M Pasini, M R Giuca, R Docimo, M A Continenza, R Gatto
Tooth development and mineralisation are processes that derive from different tissues interactions, in particular ectodermal and mesenchymal layers. These interactions are responsible for the formation of unique structures with a particular chemical composition. Despite differences, mineralised tissues are similar and they derive by highly concerted extracellular processes that involve matrix proteins, proteases, and mineral ion fluxes that collectively regulate the nucleation, growth and organisation of forming mineral crystals...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045322/orofacial-granulomatosis-as-early-manifestation-of-crohn-s-disease-report-of-a-case-in-a-paediatric-patient
#4
A Sarra, N G Nikitakis, A Daskalopoulos, G Chouliaras, A Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou, K Athanasaki
BACKGROUND: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a controversial entity mainly characterised by recurrent or permanent soft tissue swelling of sudden onset in the orofacial area with a histologic appearance of granulomatous inflammation. Differential diagnosis includes local diseases and systemic conditions, such as Crohn's disease (CD). A case of OFG in a paediatric patient is reported here, focusing on the clinical features, diagnostic procedures, treatment and long-term outcome. CASE REPORT: A 7 year-old boy presented with persistent and prominent lip swelling and painful oral mucosa lesions of six months duration...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045321/a-case-of-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome-with-peculiar-dental-findings
#5
M Callea, I Yavuz, G Clarich, A Gunay, A Vinciguerra, M Unal, C Sahbaz, M Sinan Dogan, F Cammarata-Scalisi
BACKGROUND: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS, OMIM 130650) is a rare genetic disorder characterised by overgrowth, tumor predisposition and congenital malformations. Few systemic manifestations and oral features have been reported so far. CASE REPORT: We report on a case of BWS, describing all features expanding the knowledge on oro-dento-facial phenotypes, along with a review of the literature.
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045320/extrusion-of-severely-impacted-mandibular-first-molar-using-partial-orthodontics-and-temporary-anchorage-miniscrews
#6
R Rodriguez Y Baena, M S Lupi, G Ceriana, M F Sfondrini, A Scribante
BACKGROUND: This study reports a case in which a severely impacted lower first molar was recovered with a combined orthodontic therapy and minimally invasive oral surgery with special focus to patient's aesthetic demands. CASE REPORT: A 12-year- old female patient was complaining delayed eruption of mandibular right first molar. Radiographic exam showed a severe tooth impaction with a close relationship between tooth roots and mandibular nerve. As the patient refused full arches orthodontic treatment, a partial orthodontic approach was projected...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045319/prevalence-of-cross-bite-in-a-sample-of-italian-preschoolers
#7
R Ferro, A Besostri, A Olivieri, V Quinzi, D Scibetta
AIM: To clinically evaluate the prevalence of cross-bite in a sample of 1960 children in our Local Health Unit n. 15 Alta Padovana (Veneto region, Northeast Italy). METHODS: Study design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the area of Health District n. 15, Veneto region, including 7,364 children from 3 to 5 years, attending a total of 88 nursery schools A convenience sample of 27 nursery schools (30% of total) was randomly selected, for a total of 2,603 eligible children; of these, 1960 children formed our study base (76%)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045318/non-nutritive-sucking-habits-and-their-effects-on-the-occlusion-in-the-deciduous-dentition-in-children
#8
G M Lopes Freire, J E Espasa Suarez de Deza, I C Rodrigues da Silva, L Butini Oliveira, J M Ustrell Torrent, J R Boj Quesada
AIM: The study evaluated the presence of non-nutritive sucking habits and and their effects on the occlusion in the deciduos dentition in Spanish children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: Cross-sectional survey. A clinical examination was performed by an experienced examiner in 275 children aged 3 to 6 years and the collected data included the presence of anterior open bite (vertical dimension), unilateral or bilateral posterior crossbite (transverse dimensions), midline deviation and sagittal relationships between incisors, molars and canines...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045317/a-retrospective-study-of-root-canal-therapy-in-non-vital-primary-molars
#9
K M Stallaert, M J Sigal, K C Titley, P B Andrews
AIM: This study was performed to assess the clinical and radiographic success rates of a formocresol and zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) primary molar root canal therapy (RCT) technique. The effects of this treatment on the permanent successors and on exfoliation times were also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: the retrospective study included 161 patients with 211 primary molars treated by RCT by a single operator in a private paediatric dental office in the Toronto area...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045316/rapid-palatal-expansion-in-the-absence-of-posterior-cross-bite-to-intercept-maxillary-incisor-crowding-in-the-mixed-dentition-a-cbct-evaluation-of-spontaneous-changes-of-untouched-permanent-molars
#10
M Rosa, P Lucchi, G Manti, A Caprioglio
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the reaction of untouched permanent molars following RPE, anchored on deciduous teeth in the early mixed dentition, aimed to solve maxillary anterior crowding in the absence of posterior cross-bite. METHODS: A prospective clinical trial comprised 35 consecutive patients (20 males and 15 females) treated by the same orthodontist (MR). All patients showed crowding of the upper permanent incisors in the early mixed dentition in the absence of posterior cross-bite...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045315/composition-and-microstructure-of-mta-and-aureoseal-plus-xrf-eds-xrd-and-fesem-evaluation
#11
L Cianconi, P Palopoli, V Campanella, M Mancini
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition and the phases' microstructure of Aureoseal Plus (OGNA, Italy) and ProRoot MTA (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, USA) and to compare their characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: Comparing Aureoseal Plus and ProRoot MTA microstructure by means of several analyses type. The chemical analysis of the two cements was assessed following the UNI EN ISO 196-2 norm. X-Ray fluorescence (XRF) was used to determine the element composition...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045314/efficacy-of-a-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-cpp-acp-paste-in-preventing-white-spot-lesions-in-patients-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#12
E Esenlik, E Uzer Çelik, E Bolat
AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to test the efficacy of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste applied in-office to prevent white spot lesions (WSL) in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: this study was designed as a randomised controlled clinical trial. Fifty-seven patients undergoing nonextraction fixed orthodontic treatment were enrolled and divided randomly into two groups (control n = 28, experimental n = 29)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045313/parental-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-their-children-s-oral-health-in-kuwait
#13
L Alyahya
AIM: The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and practices of parents toward their children's oral health in Kuwait. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 parents who visited five dental specialty centers in Kuwait. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. STATISTICS: The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software (version 21; Inc., Chicago IL, USA)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045312/black-stains-a-microbiological-analysis-and-a-view-on-familiarity-and-susceptibility-to-tooth-decay-of-patients-in-childhood
#14
D Tripodi, D Martinelli, M Pasini, M R Giuca, S D'Ercole
AIM: Assess prevalence, familial predisposition and susceptibility to caries of Black Stains (BS). Evaluate the microbiological composition of BS, saliva and subgingival plaque. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty nine subjects with BS (test group) and 120 subjects without BS (control group) were analysed for oral status. For each BS-patient, a BS-deposit, 1 ml of saliva and subgingival plaque were collected and microbiologically analysed. Five deciduous teeth with BS were observed under SEM...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045311/dental-fear-in-italy-what-is-going-on
#15
L Paglia
If your young patient doesn't feel comfortable and thinks something dreadful is going to happen when he comes to your office, maybe he will develop dental fear. Nowadays, children and teenagers' strong negative emotions related to dental treatment are defined as "Dental Fear and Anxiety" (DFA). Since DFA can result in children's avoidance or delay in undergoing dental visits, this problem represents a relevant social barrier as important as other well-known factors like low family income or parental education...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759417/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-3-ulcerative-colitis-and-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease
#16
C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759416/dentin-caries-progression-and-the-role-of-metalloproteinases-an-update
#17
REVIEW
F Femiano, R Femiano, L Femiano, A Jamilian, R Rullo, L Perillo
AIM: This review aims to summarise our understanding of the destructive role of acid environment and metalloproteinases in dentin caries progression using a review process. METHOD: The acids resulting from consumption of sugars by acidogenic and aciduric bacteria can cause demineralisation of the tooth surface, but are not able to cause caries-like lesions. The appearance of such lesions requires the activation of enzymatic proteolysis in an acidic environment for degradation of the dentin organic matrix, leading to cavity formation...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759415/which-maternal-personality-traits-affect-child-behaviour-during-dental-treatment
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A H Arpaci, B Işik, N Cura, B Kaplan, P Bozkurt
AIM: Maternal personality traits affect child dental behaviour and have a potential link with dental treatment methods. This study aims to evaluate which maternal personality traits affect child dental behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research was carried out upon 60 children aged between 3-12 years, who had been admitted to our clinic for tooth extraction. All children were evaluated by means of the Frankl Behavior Scale (FBS): degrees I and II represent negative behaviours, while III and IV positive behaviour...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759414/aesthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-young-patient-using-a-minimally-invasive-approach-a-multidisciplinary-case-report
#19
M Frascaria, M Casinelli, S Mauro, M M D'Amario, R Gatto, G Marzo
BACKGROUND: Optimal integration and long-term stability of oral rehabilitations require correct diagnostic approach, appropriate pre-prosthetic treatments and accurate therapeutic protocols. Technology provides devices to optimise therapeutic results, according to biologic constraints and aesthetic parameters. CASE REPORT: The present report describes a multidisciplinary management in a young patient affected by lateral incisor agenesis, including pre-prosthetic orthodontic treatment and restorative and implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759413/comparative-evaluation-of-microleakage-of-a-carbomer-fluoroapatite-enhanced-glass-ionomer-cement-on-primary-teeth-restorations
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
K Tolidis, C Boutsiouki, P Gerasimou
AIM: Carbomer cement represents a novel glass-ionomer which gradually mineralises into fluoroapatite. Purpose of this study was to evaluate microleakage around restorations in deciduous teeth made with composite resin, conventional glass-ionomer cement, resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and carbomer/fluoroapatite-enhanced glass-ionomer cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 40 primary upper canines, primary upper and lower molars was divided into 4 groups (n=10)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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