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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063160/dental-sealants-part-3-which-material-efficiency-and-effectiveness
#1
S Colombo, M Beretta
Determining the best choice between the different sealant materials might be complicated. The products that dentists can choose have different properties, such as caries' preventive effect, fluoride release and retention rate. According to the literature, fissure sealant materials fall into two main categories: resin-based sealants and glass ionomer sealants. Even if the "fluoride-releasing resin sealants" are better than "glass ionomer", with regards to retention of the material, the literature shows that their effectiveness in preventing fissure caries in permanent molars does not differ significantly over 24 months...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063159/a-specific-protocol-of-myo-functional-therapy-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#2
S Saccomanno, C Martini, L D'Alatri, S Farina, C Grippaudo
In this article the authors propose a specific myofunctional therapy protocol for children with Down syndrome. For these patients, who usually present with atypical swallowing problems, mouth breathing and lip incompetence, the use of a myofunctional therapy protocol with specific exercises has been shown to improve orofacial and nasal functions. In addition to the functional results, such as the correction of the atypical swallowing, restoration of lip competence, breathing improvement and reduction of nasal rhinorrhea, there were also aesthetic results...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063158/oral-mucositis-in-paediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-patients-receiving-methotrexate-based-chemotherapy-case-series
#3
J A Garrocho-Rangel, M Herrera-Moncada, R Márquez-Preciado, F Tejeda-Nava, J J Ortiz-Zamudio, A Pozos-Guillén
AIM: Oral mucositis (OM) is a painful and inflammatory ulcerative lesion occurring as an adverse effect during chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This condition may cause significant systemic anomalies such as malnutrition, opportunistic infections, and delay in the chemotherapy course. This report aims to describe a case series of 11 ALL patients treated with methotrexate as chemotherapy agent. CASE SERIES: Each patient was carefully followed-up and orally examined for 14 days after their chemotherapy session...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063157/a-study-of-the-dental-treatment-needs-of-special-patients-cerebral-paralysis-and-down-syndrome
#4
N Rodríguez Peinado, M R Mourelle Martínez, M Diéguez Pérez, M J De Nova García
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the dental characteristics and the oral health care needs of patients with Cerebral Paralysis (CP) and Down Syndrome (DS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The selected sample consisted of 28 patients of both sexes between 10 and 20 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. STATISTICS: The statistical analysis was carried out with the SPSS 19...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063156/oral-health-problems-in-leukaemic-paediatric-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-retrospective-study
#5
E Alnuaimi, M Al Halabi, A Khamis, M Kowash
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of oral health problems in leukaemic paediatric patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and correlate it to the phase of chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 120 paediatric leukaemic patients (age below 15 years) in the UAE were reviewed for the occurrence of oral health problems. Records from the three main hospitals that provide cancer therapy were accessed after obtaining the required permissions...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063155/effectiveness-of-an-oral-health-education-seminar-for-paediatric-and-family-medicine-residents
#6
A Bracho Pacheco, M Finkelman, A Choi, D Hinton, A P Rich, S M Bagher, C Y Loo
AIM: To assess the immediate effect of a 60-minute oral health educational seminar for paediatric and family medicine residents in improving their knowledge, attitude, likelihoodtowards incorporating oral health preventive practice in their current practices to well-child visits, and confidence in identifying and referring patients with dental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Baseline pre- and post-test design was used to evaluate the immediate effect of a 60-minute PowerPoint oral health educational seminar given to the paediatric and family medicine residents...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063154/ossifying-epulis-in-pseudohypo-parathyroidism-a-case-based-therapeutic-approach
#7
E Staderini, F Guglielmi, M Cordaro, P Gallenzi
BACKGROUND: The term Pseudohypoparathiroidism indicates a group of rare conditions characterised by end-organ resistance to the action of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Ossifying epulis (OE) is a exophytic gingival lesion characterised by spontaneous bone formation beneath the mucosa, which may affect children and adults: the exophytic, calcified outgrowths can occur in any bone and generally have favorable prognosis. Drug therapy may normalise calcium serum levels, but not completely avoid the occurrence of peripheral ossifying epulis...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063153/familial-cherubism-clinical-and-radiological-features-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
W Sidorowicz, P Kubasiewicz-Ross, M Dominiak
BACKGROUND: Cherubism is a rare genetic disorder that causes prominence in the lower portion in the face. The authors present the case of an 11-year old boy showing bilateral enlargement of the mandible. CASE REPORT: Computer tomography evidenced the presence of characteristic cherubism changes. The genetic test confirmed heterozygote mutation c.1244G>A (p.R415Q) in second exon coding sequence of SH3BP2 gene. Radiographic examinations performed on some close relatives of the patient revealed typical changes...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063152/nitrous-oxide-analgesic-effect-on-children-receiving-restorative-treatment-on-primary-molars
#9
S Arcari, M Moscati
AIM: Pain experienced during dental treatment increases the risk of developing dental anxiety in children who will became anxious adults, avoiding dental care. It is therefore essential to provide pain-free dental treatment. The strongest fears are often associated with injections: being able to successfully complete painless restorative treatment without the need for local anesthesia injection is therefore an important goal. Nitrous oxide administration by means of Langa's Relative Analgesia (RA) technique has been demonstrated to have both sedative and bland analgesic properties: the mechanism by which N2O exerts its analgesic effects is now understood...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063151/comparison-between-rme-sme-and-leaf-expander-in-growing-patients-a-retrospective-postero-anterior-cephalometric-study
#10
V Lanteri, G Cossellu, A Gianolio, M Beretta, C Lanteri, C Cherchi, G Farronato
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the dental and orthopaedic effects of the Leaf Expander with rapid and slow maxillary expanders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 30 patients with a posterior crossbite divided into three groups: the rapid maxillary expander (RME) group (3 m, 7 f), average age 8.9 years; the slow maxillary expander (SME) group (7 m, 3 f) average age 12.2 years; the Leaf Expander (LE) group (7 m, 3 f), average age 7.9 years. Postero-anterior cephalometric studies have been obtained at the beginning of the therapy (T1) and after 9 months (T2)...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063150/dental-caries-are-more-likely-to-impact-on-children-s-quality-of-life-than-malocclusion-or-traumatic-dental-injuries
#11
M T Martins, F Sardenberg, C B Bendo, M P Vale, S M Paiva, I A Pordeus
AIM: To measure the impact of dental caries, malocclusion, and traumatic dental injuries (TDI) on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Brazilian children. STUDY DESIGN: population-based cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS A representative sample of 1,204 8-to-10-year-old children randomly selected from 19 public and private schools in Belo Horizonte (Brazil) was evaluated. The Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth Index (DMFT), the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI), and Andreasen's classification were used by two calibrated examiners to diagnose dental caries, malocclusion, and TDI, respectively...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063149/dental-injuries-in-young-athletes-a-five-year-follow-up-study
#12
E Spinas, L Giannetti, A Mameli, D Re
AIM: The aim of this study is to produce a clinical therapy protocol for a group of 20 athletes between the ages of 8 and 14, who all suffered traumas affecting hard dental and periodontal tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involves a group of 20 athletes (10 male and 10 female) who had suffered dental traumas of varying severity. In order to collect the data, two classification systems were used: one for hard tissue traumas and another for periodontal lesions...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063148/an-educational-programme-designed-for-the-evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-two-tooth-brushing-techniques-in-preschool-children
#13
D Ceyhan, C Akdik, Z Kirzioglu
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate oral and dental health status of preschool children, to teach them two different brushing techniques, and to determine the effectiveness of such techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty three healthy children from three preschools in Isparta (Turkey) that were willing to participate in the study were included. A questionnaire was distributed to the parents. All children were given an oral and dental health education...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063147/is-there-an-association-between-various-aspects-of-oral-health-in-southern-italy-children-an-epidemiological-study-assessing-dental-decays-periodontal-status-malocclusions-and-temporomandibular-joint-function
#14
S Paduano, R Rongo, R Bucci, D Aiello, G Carvelli, A Ingenito, T Cantile, G F Ferrazzano
AIM: To describe the current oral health status of primary school children in Southern Italy, to investigate if there is an association between malocclusions and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), and to investigate if there is an association between dental caries and periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: Transversal epidemiological study. We examined 1086 children, considering them of the same socioeconomic status (medium). The Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMF) index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) were used to assess decay and periodontal status...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063146/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-paediatricians-should-be-involved-as-well
#15
L Paglia
Tooth structure anomalies affect the deciduous or permanent dentition with varying degrees of severity, depending on the odontogenesis phase in which the disturbance factor occurs. Some forms are clearly increasing and becoming of common clinical observation, as is the case of MIH (Molar Incisor Hypomineralization) whose prevalence ranges from 3 to 25%. However, often stucture anomalies are still under-diagnosed. Early diagnosis should be within the reach of all clinicians (both dentist and non-dentist), and is essential for improving the treatment outcome and quality of life of affected patients...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063145/early-childhood-caries-a-diagnostic-enigma
#16
M Folayan, S Olatubosun
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic infectious childhood disease. It is also a major public health problem worldwide [Gomez, 2013]. Although it is not life-threatening, early childhood caries impacts negatively the quality of life when associated with pain. It affects the function, social interactions and cognitive and neurodevelopment of affected children, whose parents also suffer financial and emotional stress [Folayan and Alade, 2018]. Early childhood caries is defined as the presence of one or more cavitated or non-cavitated lesion, missing or filled tooth due to caries in any primary tooth in a child 71 months of age or younger [AAPD, 2008]...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790783/dental-sealants-part-2-who-should-get-dental-sealants-and-when
#17
S Colombo, G F Ferrazzano
Despite the remarkable achievements in recent decades in oral prevention, sealants are still underused even if their efficacy is well documented and clinical practice guidelines are available in almost every developed country. The clinician should know who needs dental sealants and when, with particular focus on high risk patients and pre-school children.
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790782/prevalence-and-progression-of-early-childhood-caries-in-nis-serbia
#18
M Igic, R Obradovic, G Filipovic
AIM: Early childhood caries (ECC) entails the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled teeth in children aged up to 71 months. Our aim is to present the prevalence and progression of ECC in Nis, Serbia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed at the Clinic of Dentistry in Nis;, involving 250 children aged 3 to 6 years. The prevalence of caries was presented using the dmf index. Depending on the progression, tooth decay was reported as dI (superficial decay), dII (deep decay), dp (pulpitis), dg (dental gangrene), and dx (chronic apical periodontitis)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790781/relationship-between-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-dental-development
#19
E Hazar Bodrumlu, L Demiriz, S Toprak
AIM: Severe early childhood caries (sECC) is a public health problem that continues to affect infants and preschool children worldwide. Knowledge of the changes in dental development is important for paediatric dentists in order to determine a treatment plan. The aim of this study was to investigate dental development in children with sECC, compared to age and gender-matched controls, by calculating the dental age (DA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 300 children (144 females, 156 males) with sECC aged 5 years were studied and compared with 300 control subjects (caries-free), case-matched for gender and age...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790780/sagittal-dentoskeletal-modifications-associated-with-different-activation-protocols-of-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#20
A Baldini, A Nota, C Santariello, S Caruso, V Assi, F Ballanti, R Gatto, P Cozza
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the sagittal dentoskeletal changes associated with different activation protocols of maxillary expander. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 101 subjects with constricted maxillary arches (49 males and 52 females; mean age 10.08 ± 1.57 years) were enrolled in the study. The study comprised also a control group of 20 subjects (11 females and 9 males, mean age 10.27 ± 1.24 years) who were not treated during the observation period...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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