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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494610/paediatric-laser-dentistry-part-1-general-introduction
#1
C Caprioglio, G Olivi, M D Genovese
Knowledge of the physical characteristics of different laser lights and optical and thermal properties of oral tissues is very important to understand the interaction of dental lasers with biological tissues. Choosing the correct dental laser is crucial to match specific wavelengths with target chromophores of different tissues; this affinity makes laser irradiation selective and therefore minimally invasive. Various types of lasers are used in dentistry, offering a viable alternative to low and high-speed handpieces and surgical blades, and also minimising fear and discomfort of the patient...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494609/odontomas-in-developmental-age-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy-analysis-of-a-case
#2
M Lacarbonara, V Lacarbonara, A P Cazzolla, V Spinelli, V Crincoli, M G Lacaita, M Capogreco
BACKGROUND: Odontomas are the most common benign odontogenic tumors (especially in children and adolescents) and consist of odontogenic ectomesenchyma and odontogenic epithelium with the formation of dental hard tissues. They are also simply considered hamartomas. The WHO Classification defines them as complex and compound odontomas. The diagnosis is often occasional, in conjunction with x-ray routine examinations, or it is suggested by eruption disorders or abnormal position of teeth in the dental arch...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494608/parenteral-nutrition-in-childhood-and-consequences-for-dentition-and-gingivae
#3
D Olczak-Kowalczyk, M Danko, E Banaś, D Gozdowski, K Popińska, E Krasuska-Sławińska, J Książyk
AIM: Assessment of dentition in children under parenteral nutrition, risk factors for caries, and dental developmental abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 63 patients (aged 2.25-16.6 years), i.e. 32 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.6±2.94 years, and 31 healthy control subjects. Oral hygiene (OHI-S, PL-I), gingival (GI), and dentition status (caries, DMFT/dmft, enamel defects, shape alterations), frequency of oral meals and frequency of cariogenic snacks consumption were evaluated...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494607/scn9a-channelopathy-associated-autosomal-recessive-congenital-indifference-to-pain-a-case-report
#4
S Rajasekharan, L Martens, L Domingues, R Cauwels
BACKGROUND: Congenital Indifference to Pain (CIP) is a rare condition that inhibits the ability of patients to perceive physical pain but otherwise keeps normal sensory modalities. The condition has been mapped to an autosomal recessive trait to chromosome 2q 24.3 with mutations on the SCN9A gene. CASE REPORT: A 2 year old Caucasian female presented with CIP. Bite injuries, tongue wounds and unaccounted dental trauma episodes were frequently reported. Preventive instructions and possible treatment modalities were discussed with the parents...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494606/split-mouth-design-in-paediatric-dentistry-clinical-trials
#5
A Pozos-Guillén, D Chavarría-Bolaños, A Garrocho-Rangel
AIM: The aim of this article was to describe the essential concepts of the split-mouth design, its underlying assumptions, advantages, limitations, statistical considerations, and possible applications in Paediatric Dentistry clinical investigation. DISCUSSION: In Paediatric Dentistry clinical investigation, and as part of randomised controlled trials, the split-mouth design is commonly used. The design is characterised by subdividing the child's dentition into halves (right and left), where two different treatment modalities are assigned to one side randomly, in order to allow further outcome evaluation...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494605/intra-pulpal-and-subsurface-temperature-rise-during-tooth-irradiation-with-808-nm-diode-laser-an-in-vitro-study
#6
F Khouja, M Abdelaziz, T Bortolotto, I Krejci
AIM: This in vitro study evaluated the pulpal and subsurface temperatures during proximal tooth surface irradiation with different settings of an 808 nm diode laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The elevation of pulpal and subsurface temperature during irradiation was measured using thermocouples positioned in the centre of the pulp chamber (n=30) and in the centre of a prepared 1.5 mm deep coronal cavity (n=30). Each sample was irradiated 3 times within one-week interval using different exposure settings...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494604/use-of-bioactive-materials-and-limited-fov-cbct-in-the-treatment-of-a-replanted-permanent-tooth-affected-by-inflammatory-external-root-resorption-a-case-report
#7
E Ambu, M Fimiani, M Vigna, S Grandini
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory external root resorption is one of the possible complications of replantation of an avulsed tooth. Several studies have shown that limited FOV CBCT is an efficient diagnostic support and in treatment planning of these cases in paediatric patients because of its high resolution combined with low radiation doses. The recent literature has suggested that Biodentine is an effective material for resolution of inflammatory root resorption. CASE REPORT: This article describes the successful therapy of a replanted tooth affected by inflammatory root resorption...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494603/dental-fear-and-caries-in-6-12-year-old-children-in-greece-determination-of-dental-fear-cut-off-points
#8
V Boka, K Arapostathis, V Karagiannis, N Kotsanos, C van Loveren, J Veerkamp
AIM: To present: the normative data on dental fear and caries status; the dental fear cut-off points of young children in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study with two independent study groups. A first representative sample consisted of 1484 children from 15 primary public schools of Thessaloniki. A second sample consisted of 195 randomly selected age-matched children, all patients of the Postgraduate Paediatric Dental Clinic of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494602/are-there-any-differences-between-first-and-second-primary-molar-pulpectomy-prognoses-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#9
A Mendoza-Mendoza, C Caleza-Jiménez, B Solano-Mendoza, A Iglesias-Linares
AIM: To determine if there are any significant differences between the prognoses of pulpectomies done on first and second primary molars of the upper and lower dental arch. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: The clinical study included 55 children who had undergone 86 pulpectomy treatments, 41 on the first molars and 45 on the second molars. The root canal filling material consisted of a paste based on Walkhoff formula, containing Kri-1, calcium hydroxide and meta-cresol formaldehyde...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494601/relationship-between-oro-and-nasopharynx-permeability-and-the-direction-of-facial-growth
#10
P Fernandes, J Pinto, J Ustrell-Torrent
AIM: Most scientific literature relates vertical growth to individuals with decreased upper airway permeability. However, we often find subjects with a long face and a normal breathing pattern, most likely caused by other aetiological factors. And, frequently, we also find decreased upper airway permeability with horizontal growth. The aim of the study was to compare the cephalometric measurements of the oro and nasopharynx permeability with the facial growth direction and to identify the most common facial growth direction in individuals with decreased upper airway permeability...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494600/cephalometric-changes-after-headgear-anchored-to-the-deciduous-second-molars-in-the-early-mixed-dentition
#11
A Caprioglio, T Grassi, P Lorusso, R Fastuca, P Lucchi, M Rosa
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the cephalometric effects of a headgear anchored to the deciduous second molars in the early mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: The study followed a retrospective longitudinal design and enrolled 31 consecutive patients (17 females and 14 males) treated with high pull (HP) headgear anchored to the deciduous second molars, average age 8y 5m± 5m at pre-treatment time (T0) and 9y 8m± 6m at post-treatment time (T1)...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494599/a-combined-approach-with-passive-and-active-repositioning-of-a-traumatically-intruded-immature-permanent-incisor
#12
H J Kim, Y I Kim, K S Min
BACKGROUND: Severe damage to the tooth, periodontal ligament, and pulpal tissue often occurs with intrusive luxation, and outcomes are quite unpredictable because of the variable ways in which the injury may occur, which influences both the choice of treatment and prognosis. CASE REPORT: This case presents a novel method for the management of an intruded permanent maxillary central incisor with an immature apex. At first, watchful waiting for spontaneous re-eruption was the chosen treatment option...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494598/dental-trauma-in-italian-children-and-adolescents-with-special-health-care-needs-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#13
S Bagattoni, A Sadotti, G D'Alessandro, G Piana
AIM: Dental trauma is a frequent finding in people with special health care needs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental trauma in a sample of Italian children and adolescents with special health care needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 556 medical and dental records of children and adolescents visited from January 2010 to March 2015 were examined. Information about medical diagnosis, gender, site and type of dental trauma (DT) were collected...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494597/surgical-management-of-impacted-primary-teeth-report-of-two-cases
#14
G L Sfasciotti, G Di Carlo, R Marini, R Colaci, M Solidani, A Polimeni
AIM: Impaction of deciduous teeth is an uncommon event. The purpose of this report is to describe two unusual eruption failures of a second primary molar and their treatment management. CASE REPORT: The diagnostic and therapeutic protocol of two cases selected at the Unit of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Science, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy, are presented. In both cases, the second deciduous molar was impacted, while no mechanical obstacle like odontomas or supernumerary teeth were present...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494596/dental-caries-parents-educational-level-family-income-and-dental-service-attendance-among-children-in-italy
#15
S Cianetti, G Lombardo, E Lupatelli, G Rossi, I Abraha, S Pagano, L Paglia
AIM: The aim of this study was to verify whether socioeconomic determinants, such as parents' educational level, family income and dental service attendance by children, are associated with the presence of caries among an Italian population of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational retrospective study was carried out in a population of children aged 4-14 years who visited the Paediatric Dentistry Department of the University of Perugia, Italy. Children were stratified according to familial socioeconomic level (father's and mother's educational level, family income) and dental service attendance of children...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494595/clinical-performance-of-a-glass-ionomer-sealant-protected-with-two-different-resin-based-agents-over-a-2-year-follow-up-period
#16
A T Ulusoy, E S Tunc, Ş Bayrak
AIM: To evaluate the effects of two different resin coating materials on the clinical performance of a conventional glass ionomer sealant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Permanent first mandibular molars of 60 children aged 6-9 years were sealed with Fuji VII. In each child, G-Coat Plus coating agent was applied to molars on one side and Heliobond coating agent to molars on the opposite side of the mouth. Clinical evaluations were carried out at 1, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after sealant and coating application...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#17
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045325/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-4-coeliac-disease
#18
C Mantegazza, M Paglia, F Angiero, R Crippa
Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease. Dental enamel hypoplasia and aphthous ulcers have been found to be more common in children with coeliac disease compared with the general population and to regress after the patient is started on a gluten free-diet. A prompt recognition of systemic diseases through a careful examination of the oral cavity could allow the child to have appropriate investigations and to be treated in a timely fashion...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045324/evaluation-of-tablet-pc-as-a-tool-for-teaching-tooth-brushing-to-children
#19
F Salama, I Abobakr, N Al-Khodair, M Al-Wakeel
AIM: This study evaluated the effect of a single time tooth brushing instruction using video on a tablet PC (Apple iPad) compared to operator presentation using jaw model for plaque removal. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of 100 children divided into two groups. For Group 1 brushing was demonstrated to the child by the operator with the use of a jaw model. This demonstration was videotaped for subsequent use in Group 2 using a tablet PC (Apple iPad)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045323/the-process-of-mineralisation-in-the-development-of-human-tooth
#20
S Caruso, S Bernardi, M Pasini, M R Giuca, R Docimo, M A Continenza, R Gatto
Tooth development and mineralisation are processes that derive from different tissues interactions, in particular ectodermal and mesenchymal layers. These interactions are responsible for the formation of unique structures with a particular chemical composition. Despite differences, mineralised tissues are similar and they derive by highly concerted extracellular processes that involve matrix proteins, proteases, and mineral ion fluxes that collectively regulate the nucleation, growth and organisation of forming mineral crystals...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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