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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790783/dental-sealants-part-2-who-should-get-dental-sealants-and-when
#1
S Colombo, G F Ferrazzano
Despite the remarkable achievements in recent decades in oral prevention, sealants are still underused even if their efficacy is well documented and clinical practice guidelines are available in almost every developed country. The clinician should know who needs dental sealants and when, with particular focus on high risk patients and pre-school children.
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790782/prevalence-and-progression-of-early-childhood-caries-in-nis-serbia
#2
M Igic, R Obradovic, G Filipovic
AIM: Early childhood caries (ECC) entails the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled teeth in children aged up to 71 months. Our aim is to present the prevalence and progression of ECC in Nis, Serbia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed at the Clinic of Dentistry in Nis;, involving 250 children aged 3 to 6 years. The prevalence of caries was presented using the dmf index. Depending on the progression, tooth decay was reported as dI (superficial decay), dII (deep decay), dp (pulpitis), dg (dental gangrene), and dx (chronic apical periodontitis)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790781/relationship-between-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-dental-development
#3
E Hazar Bodrumlu, L Demiriz, S Toprak
AIM: Severe early childhood caries (sECC) is a public health problem that continues to affect infants and preschool children worldwide. Knowledge of the changes in dental development is important for paediatric dentists in order to determine a treatment plan. The aim of this study was to investigate dental development in children with sECC, compared to age and gender-matched controls, by calculating the dental age (DA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 300 children (144 females, 156 males) with sECC aged 5 years were studied and compared with 300 control subjects (caries-free), case-matched for gender and age...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790780/sagittal-dentoskeletal-modifications-associated-with-different-activation-protocols-of-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#4
A Baldini, A Nota, C Santariello, S Caruso, V Assi, F Ballanti, R Gatto, P Cozza
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the sagittal dentoskeletal changes associated with different activation protocols of maxillary expander. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 101 subjects with constricted maxillary arches (49 males and 52 females; mean age 10.08 ± 1.57 years) were enrolled in the study. The study comprised also a control group of 20 subjects (11 females and 9 males, mean age 10.27 ± 1.24 years) who were not treated during the observation period...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790779/the-two-by-four-appliance-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#5
V Quinzi, R Ferro, F A Rizzo, E M Marranzini, F Federici Canova, S Mummolo, A Mattei, G Marzo
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how widespread is the use of the 2 x 4 appliance among Italian general dentists and specialists in orthodontics, as well as the type of treatment employed and length of use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey from July 14, 2016 to January 12, 2017 using an online questionnaire of 8 multiple choice questions, created by the SurveyMonkey® Company, on a population of Italian dentists and specialists in orthodontics affiliated with the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry (SIOI)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790778/survey-of-family-related-factors-of-children-treated-under-dental-general-anaesthesia
#6
P Rajavaara, M-L Laitala, H Vähänikkilä, V Anttonen
AIM: Treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA) is a rising trend in Finland. There is a great need to investigate the causes leading to it. Our purpose was to examine family-related factors reported by parents, such as the family size and favoring DGA in the family, and their influence on children being treated under DGA. This survey was based on a questionnaire targeted to parents of children whose dental treatment could not be performed in a conventional setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Guardians of 87 healthy children treated under DGA at a municipal health center in the city of Oulu, Finland, between November 2014 and December 2015 answered the questionnaire on family-related background factors and on the respondent's own as well as their child's presumed dental fear...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790777/oral-management-of-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-associated-glomerulonephritis-a-scoping-review
#7
A C Echavarría-García, A Pozos-Guillén, F Tejeda-Nava, J C Flores Arriaga, A Garrocho-Rangel
AIM: To perform a scoping review of the existing literature in order to gather the most relevant information in the paediatric dentistry field related to the oral management of children affected by Henoch-Schönlein Purpura and associated Glomerulonephritis (HSPG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for the screening and selection of valid articles, the steps of this review were the following: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarise, and report the results from the included articles...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790776/oral-health-challenges-facing-dubai-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-home-and-in-accessing-oral-health-care
#8
D Mansoor, M Al Halabi, A H Khamis, M Kowash
AIM: To investigate the challenges faced by Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) children and their families in Dubai from three different perspectives of dental care: oral care at home, oral care at the dentist and access to oral care, and to compare the results to their normally developing peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control comparative study of 84 ASD and 53 healthy children attending special needs centres and schools in Dubai including siblings of the autistic children...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790775/dental-periodontal-and-salivary-conditions-in-diabetic-children-associated-with-metabolic-control-variables-and-nutritional-plan-adherence
#9
C Y Díaz Rosas, E Cárdenas Vargas, J E Castañeda-Delgado, L A Aguilera-Galaviz, M C Aceves Medina
AIM: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has manifestations other than alterations in endocrine regulation or in metabolic pathways. Several diseases of the oral cavity have been associated with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 in young people according to their evolution. Scarce information exists regarding the role of diabetes and its association with the oral health status in paediatric diabetic patients. The aims of the study were to assess the quality of saliva, saliva acidogenicity, dental caries experience, fluorosis and periodontal status in diabetic patients and to evaluate their relationship with metabolic control variables and nutritional plan adherence...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790774/assessment-of-the-knowledge-of-united-arab-emirates-dentists-of-child-maltreatment-protection-and-safeguarding
#10
H Al Hajeri, M Al Halabi, M Kowash, A H Khamis, R Welbury, I Hussein
AIM: Child safeguarding is society's responsibility. Dentists are uniquely positioned to recognise Child Abuse and Neglect (CAN) in dental practice and the wider society. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) introduced a child protection law in 2016. We aimed to assess the awareness of UAE dentists of child maltreatment, protection and safeguarding. Study Design A cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 381 UAE dentists about the knowledge and practice of CAN and safeguarding issues using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790773/decisions-on-repositioning-of-intruded-permanent-incisors-a-review-and-case-presentation
#11
E Hurley, C Stewart, C Gallagher, M Kinirons
Traumatic intrusion is a luxation type of injury where the tooth is displaced along the axis of the tooth, into the alveolus. This injury is regarded as serious because of the tissue damage that it causes. The traumatic movement is associated with severe damage to the periodontal ligament, pulpal tissue, root and alveolar socket. Despite its severity, the rare occurrence of this injury in permanent teeth has resulted in limited studies of immature and mature permanent incisors. The purpose of this paper is to review this luxation injury of permanent immature incisors, and to describe its diagnosis, treatment and management...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790772/influence-of-occlusal-characteristics-food-intake-and-oral-hygiene-habits-on-dental-caries-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
D Giugliano, F d'Apuzzo, A Majorana, G Campus, F Nucci, C Flores-Mir, L Perillo
AIM: Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases affecting children. The complex multifactorial aetiology of caries involves host (saliva composition and tooth enamel characteristics), oral microflora and substrate (oral hygiene quality and dietary habits composition). Occlusal characteristics may be also a factor in dental caries development. The aim of this aepidemiologic study was to verify the association between DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth) index and occlusal characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parents' education level in a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Southern Italy...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790771/child-abuse-awareness-is-the-first-step-to-action
#13
L Paglia
Most of the physical injuries that children are subjected to affect the head and neck region; approximately 50% of injuries due to child abuse occur in the orofacial region and almost 15% of these injuries are confined to the head region (Cairns A.M.). For this reason, the dental team has a key role in identifying and detecting child abuse. In addition, having paediatric dentists an ongoing relationship with their young patients and families give them the opportunity to observe and assess not only the physical and psychological condition of the children, but also the family environment (the majority of abuse cases toward children are from the caregiver or the parents)...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569460/dental-sealants-part-1-prevention-first
#14
S Colombo, L Paglia
Tooth decay is still one of the most common chronic childhood diseases in the world, even if during the last five decades measures to combat dental caries have been developed, tested and applied in many populations. Preventive care and education programmes are essential to keeping children's mouths healthy. Within the prevention methods, dental sealants play an important role in preventing the onset and the development of dental cavities.
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569459/a-video-eyeglasses-earphones-system-as-distracting-method-during-dental-treatment-in-children-a-crossover-randomised-and-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
A Garrocho-Rangel, E Ibarra-Gutiérrez, M Rosales-Bérber, R Esquivel-Hernández, V Esparza-Villalpando, A Pozos-Guillén
AIM To evaluate the effectiveness of a Video Eyeglasses/Earphones System (VEES) as distracting device in reducing anxiety in children during dental procedures carried out under local anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this crossover clinical trial, 36 Frankl scale II and III children aged 5-8 years received different dental procedures in two sessions, with and without the VEES system. In the control visit, they were not exposed to this distraction stimulus, but traditional non-aversive behaviour management was applied...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569458/clinical-histomorphological-and-therapeutic-features-of-the-van-der-woude-syndrome-literature-review-and-presentation-of-an-unusual-case
#16
F Angiero, D Farronato, F Ferrante, M Paglia, R Crippa, L Rufino, A Trevisiol, R F Mazzola, S Blasi
BACKGROUND: Van der Woude syndrome (VWS), an autosomal dominant condition associated with lower lip pits and/or cleft palate, is caused by mutations in the interferon regulatory factor 6 gene (lRF6 gene). The genetic alterations identified to date that contribute to expression of the syndrome are chiefly mutations located on chromosome 1 (the largest of our chromosomes), mutations at p36 that codifies the gene GRHL (grainy-head transcriptor factor) and mutations involving IRF6 (interferon regulatory factor)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569457/titanium-tsme-appliance-for-patients-allergic-to-nickel
#17
C Maspero, G Galbiati, L Giannini, G Guenza, L Esposito, G Farronato
AIM: The aim of this article is to describe the use of a titanium TSME appliance for patients with allergy to resin and nickel. We aim to highlight the optimal way to avoid problems such as stomatitis and peri-labial dermatitis, which generally appear in patients who use traditional orthodontic appliances made in acrylic resin and steel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The construction of a titanium appliance is described and a case treated with it is reported. RESULTS: The titanium TSME presented in this paper has excellent biocompatibility due to its ability to form superficial oxides, which prevent oxidation and thus corrosion...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569456/is-laser-conditioning-a-valid-alternative-to-conventional-etching-for-aesthetic-brackets
#18
M F Sfondrini, G Calderoni, M C Vitale, P Gandini, A Scribante
AIM: ER:Yag lasers have been described as a more conservative alternative to conventional acid-etching enamel conditioning technique, when bonding conventional metallic orthodontic brackets. Since the use of aesthetic orthodontic brackets is constantly increasing, the purpose of the present report has been to test laser conditioning with different aesthetic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: Five different aesthetic brackets (microfilled copolymer, glass fiber, sapphire, polyoxymethylene and sintered ceramic) were tested for shear bond strength and Adhesive Remnant Index scores using two different enamel conditioning techniques (acid etching and ER:Yag laser application)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569455/laser-labial-frenectomy-a-simplified-and-predictable-technique-retrospective-clinical-study
#19
M Olivi, M D Genovese, G Olivi
AIM: Anomalous maxillary median labial frenum may be associated with undesired effects such as persistence of diastema between anterior teeth or traction of marginal gingiva. The aim of this study was to propose a surgical frenum repositioning technique that is minimally invasive, safe, easy, reproducible, and predictable. Another objective of the study was to identify clinical scenarios that could have indication for labial frenectomy associated with early orthodontic therapy, so as to justify early frenum repositioning in children...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569454/the-possibility-of-modification-and-improvement-of-dental-services-in-poland-for-children-and-adolescents-with-special-emphasis-on-orthodontic-service
#20
M Tomaszewski, T Matthews-Brzozowska
AIM: World Dental Federation reveals that dental caries is one of the most common diseases in the world, and as much as 90% of the population is facing oral cavity problems. About 28% of teenagers aged 10 and 15 absolutely needs orthodontic treatment and about another third of this age group represents very serious cases. The aim of this study is to verify the authorial model which modifies and facilitates the system of dental services in Poland with a special emphasis on orthodontic service...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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