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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759417/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-3-ulcerative-colitis-and-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease
#1
C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759416/dentin-caries-progression-and-the-role-of-metalloproteinases-an-update
#2
F Femiano, R Femiano, L Femiano, A Jamilian, R Rullo, L Perillo
AIM: This review aims to summarise our understanding of the destructive role of acid environment and metalloproteinases in dentin caries progression using a review process. METHOD: The acids resulting from consumption of sugars by acidogenic and aciduric bacteria can cause demineralisation of the tooth surface, but are not able to cause caries-like lesions. The appearance of such lesions requires the activation of enzymatic proteolysis in an acidic environment for degradation of the dentin organic matrix, leading to cavity formation...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759415/which-maternal-personality-traits-affect-child-behaviour-during-dental-treatment
#3
A H Arpaci, B Işik, N Cura, B Kaplan, P Bozkurt
AIM: Maternal personality traits affect child dental behaviour and have a potential link with dental treatment methods. This study aims to evaluate which maternal personality traits affect child dental behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research was carried out upon 60 children aged between 3-12 years, who had been admitted to our clinic for tooth extraction. All children were evaluated by means of the Frankl Behavior Scale (FBS): degrees I and II represent negative behaviours, while III and IV positive behaviour...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759414/aesthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-young-patient-using-a-minimally-invasive-approach-a-multidisciplinary-case-report
#4
M Frascaria, M Casinelli, S Mauro, M M D'Amario, R Gatto, G Marzo
BACKGROUND: Optimal integration and long-term stability of oral rehabilitations require correct diagnostic approach, appropriate pre-prosthetic treatments and accurate therapeutic protocols. Technology provides devices to optimise therapeutic results, according to biologic constraints and aesthetic parameters. CASE REPORT: The present report describes a multidisciplinary management in a young patient affected by lateral incisor agenesis, including pre-prosthetic orthodontic treatment and restorative and implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759413/comparative-evaluation-of-microleakage-of-a-carbomer-fluoroapatite-enhanced-glass-ionomer-cement-on-primary-teeth-restorations
#5
K Tolidis, C Boutsiouki, P Gerasimou
AIM: Carbomer cement represents a novel glass-ionomer which gradually mineralises into fluoroapatite. Purpose of this study was to evaluate microleakage around restorations in deciduous teeth made with composite resin, conventional glass-ionomer cement, resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and carbomer/fluoroapatite-enhanced glass-ionomer cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 40 primary upper canines, primary upper and lower molars was divided into 4 groups (n=10)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759412/marginal-fit-of-indirect-composite-inlays-using-a-new-system-for-manual-fabrication
#6
P Pott, A Rzasa, M Stiesch, M Eisenburger
This in vitro study compares a new system for manual chair side fabrication of indirect composite restorations, which uses silicone models after alginate impressions, to CAD/CAM-technology and laboratory manual production techniques. MATRIALS AND METHODS: and study design Each 10 composite inlays were fabricated using different types of production techniques: CAD/CAM- technology (A), the new inlay system (B), plaster model after alginate impression (C) or silicone impression (D). The inlays were adapted into a metal tooth and silicone replicas of the cement gaps were made and measured...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759411/tongue-tie-assessment-clinical-aspects-and-a-new-diode-laser-technique-for-its-management
#7
R Crippa, M Paglia, F Ferrante, A Ottonello, F Angiero
: BACKGROUND Often breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to the abnormal attachment of the infant's tongue (ankyloglossia) and/or maxillary lip-tie. Proper breastfeeding depends upon an infant's ability to correctly latch onto its mother's breast. If born with oral soft tissue abnormalities such as tongue-tie or lip-tie, it may be almost impossible for the infant to breastfeed. During the oral evaluation of an infant presenting with breastfeeding problems, one factor that is often overlooked and undiagnosed - and thus untreated - is the attachment of the upper lip to the maxillary gingival tissue...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759410/clarifying-the-mechanism-of-effect-of-the-bionator-for-treatment-of-maxillary-protrusion-a-percentile-growth-study
#8
H Oda, M Sandou, C-M Lin, M Kamata, T Kawata
AIM: The reported effects of Bionator treatment in patients with mandibular retrognathism are conflicting. This study evaluated the changes in craniofacial morphology resulting from treatment with a Bionator, based on measurement percentiles previously reported, to clarify the mechanism of the effect of this commonly used functional device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: Retrospective. SETTING: A private orthodontic clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two children (mean age, 10...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759409/clinical-performance-of-aesthetic-restorative-materials-in-primary-teeth-according-to-the-fdi-criteria
#9
S Bektas Donmez, S Uysal, A Dolgun, M D Turgut
AIM: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical performance of three different restorative materials in primary teeth according to the FDI criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resin-modified glass ionomer cement, compomer and composite resin restorations (n=93) were made in 31 patients. The restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline, 6th, 12th and 18th month with the FDI criteria. RESULTS: The cumulative survival rate after 18 months was found to be 90...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759408/dental-erosion-prevalence-and-severity-among-16-year-old-adolescents-in-troms-norway
#10
A Mulic, Ø Fredriksen, I D Jacobsen, A B Tveit, I Espelid, C G Crossner
AIM: To study the prevalence, distribution and severity of dental erosion among 16-year-old adolescents in the Troms region of Norway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: The participants were recruited through the Tromsø-study ("Fit Futures"), and 392 16-year-olds were examined for dental erosion using clinical intraoral photographs. Three calibrated clinicians used the Visual Erosion Dental Examination (VEDE) system to register and grade the dental erosive wear...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759407/is-pit-and-fissure-sealing-of-buccal-surfaces-useful-in-reducing-incidence-of-caries-of-first-permanent-molars
#11
S Cianetti, G Lombardo, M Bravi, S Grandini
AIM: The aim of the study was to establish whether caries prevalence on the buccal surfaces of first lower permanent molars (FLPMs) can be compared to those on the occlusal surfaces in order to justify the utility of extending pit and fissure sealing also to the extra-occlusal surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Design: an observational study was carried out in the children population (n=779) aged ≤14 years (mean age 7.68, SD 3.53) that presented at the Paediatric Dentistry Department of the University of Perugia...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759406/salivary-microbiota-and-caries-occurrence-in-mutans-streptococci-positive-school-children
#12
M ElSalhy, E Söderling, E Honkala, M Fontana, S Flannagan, A Kokaras, B J Paster, A Varghese, S Honkala
AIM: To compare the composition of the salivary microbiota in caries-affected vs. caries-free mutans streptococci (MS)- positive children with mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight healthy, 11-12-year-old schoolchildren with high MS counts (>10⊃5 CFU/mL) were included in this study. The children were screened with the Dentocult SM Strip Mutans test (Orion Diagnostica, Espoo, Finland) and examined using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759405/association-between-clinical-and-salivary-microbial-parameters-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-removable-appliances-with-or-without-use-of-fluoride-mouth-rinse
#13
S Zingler, M Pritsch, C J Lux, S Kneist
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between clinical and salivary microbial parameters during treatment with removable orthodontic appliances with or without use of fluoride mouth rinse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 48 patients completed this randomized, controlled, parallel-group, clinical pilot study. 24 patients of the test group (TG) rinsed after tooth brushing with a fluoride mouth rinse (100 ppm AmF/150 ppm NaF) while 21 patients of the control group (CG) did not...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759404/an-experimental-in-vivo-procedure-for-the-standardised-assessment-of-sealants-retention-over-time
#14
G F Ferrazzano, S Orlando, T Cantile, G Sangianantoni, B Alcidi, M Coda, S Caruso, A Ingenito
AIM: The elaboration of an experimental system to obtain reproducible and comparable photographs of the occlusal surface to monitor sealants retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An intraoral camera connected to a computer was used to obtain photos of the occlusal surfaces. A specific software was utilized to perform measurements on archived pictures. An experimental two-part system, consisting of a dental arch support and a camera support, connected to each other through holes and pins, was made to obtain a standardised and reproducible placement of the camera in the mouth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759403/pit-and-fissure-sealants-or-fluoride-varnishes
#15
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434911/focus-on-stem-cells
#16
Sara Colombo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377117/oral-manifestations-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-children-part-2-crohn-s-disease
#17
R Crippa, G V Zuccotti, C Mantegazza
Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease. Diffuse mucosal swelling, cobblestone mucosa, localised mucogingivitis, deep linear ulceration, fibrous tissue tags, polyps, nodules, pyostomatitis vegetans, and aphthous-like ulcers have been described in Crohn's disease. A prompt recognition of systemic diseases through a careful examination of the oral cavity allows for proper investigations and timely treatment...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377116/palate-and-alveolar-ridge-development-in-predental-infants-a-longitudinal-study
#18
F Ishida, Y Ukai, T Shimizu
AIM: To investigate the developmental process of palate morphology, including the alveolar ridge, in healthy infants for the predental period of 7 months from immediately after birth. METHODS: The subjects were 32 healthy infants. Four or more dental casts were taken of each subject from immediately after birth until 7 months, for a total of 144 dental casts. Twelve characteristics were then measured in order to morphologically study the subjects' palate development...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377115/pain-management-during-needle-insertion-with-low-level-laser
#19
F Ghaderi, R Ghaderi, M Davarmanesh, M Bayani, S Arabzade Moghadam
AIM: To date, there is no safe, effective, and rapid method to eliminate the pain associated with needle insertion. It is noticed that using a low-energy laser before intradermal and intramuscular injection would help rapid local anaesthesia with a lidocaine product. However, there is no valuable data on the effect of the concomitant use of laser and benzocaine as a pre-treatment option, compared to local application of benzocaine products alone before needle insertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective single-blind clinical trial was designed to assess pain perception during needle insertion into mucosa in 66 healthy volunteer dental students...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377114/transverse-maxillary-deficit-and-its-influence-on-the-cervical-vertebrae-maturation-index
#20
G Cossellu, G Farronato, O Nicotera, R Biagi
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether a transverse maxillary deficit can cause an alteration of vertebral development and therefore of the skeletal maturation comparing the cervical maturation stages index with the hand-wrist index. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the study were selected 200 patients aged 7-14 years, equally distributed by gender and divided into 100 study subjects with maxillary deficit and 100 controls without maxillary deficit. The skeletal maturation index (SM according to Fishman) was evaluated and compared with the hand-wrist x-rays and the cervical vertebrae maturation (CVM according to Hassel and Farmann)...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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