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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598190/paediatric-laser-dentistry-part-2-hard-tissue-laser-applications
#1
G Olivi, C Caprioglio, M Olivi, M D Genovese
Erbium lasers can provide effective and minimally invasive caries removal in children. The bonding phase remains a critic step as well as the choice of material. Glass ionomers exhibits lower bonding properties in laser irradiated teeth compared to the conventional method or to composite and resin modified glass ionomer. Laser can also provide effective decontamination and coagulation effects in vital and non vital pulp therapy of primary teeth, improving and simplifying the cleaning and disinfecting steps.
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598189/translation-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-questionnaire-pidaq-among-adolescents
#2
R Bucci, R Rongo, E Zito, R Valletta, A Michelotti, V D'anto
AIM: The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) is a valid tool aiming to evaluate the self-reported influence of dental aesthetics on quality of life. This questionnaire was developed in English for young adults, and later translated and validated with an Italian population. A new version of the questionnaire was recently introduced to be used in adolescents (11-17 years- old), but it had not been translated in Italian yet. Hence, the purpose of this study was to translate, cross-culturally adapt and validate the PIDAQ for adolescents, for its use among Italian subjects...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598188/how-serious-is-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-mih-among-8-and-9-year-old-children-in-bosnia-herzegovina-a-clinical-study
#3
A Mulic, E Cehajic, A B Tveit, K R Stenhagen
AIM: To determine the prevalence of MIH in 8- and 9 year-old children in the city of Kljuc, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and to describe the distribution and severity of the affected teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: All 8- and 9-year-olds (n=104) living in Kljuc (born 2004/2005) were invited to participate, and 103 were examined by a calibrated clinician. Written, informed consent was obtained from all participants' relatives, as well as a questionnaire designed to assess potential risk indicators...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598187/dental-intrinsic-green-pigmentation-from-primary-to-mixed-dentition-clinical-and-histological-findings
#4
K Seremidi, K Kavvadia, K Tosios, A Pandi-Tsami
AIM: The aim of this report is to present a case of a child with green pigmentation of the primary dentition caused by bilirubin elevation due to choleostasis during neonatal life, and the 5-year follow-up. CASE REPORT: The case presented initially with bands of green pigmentation of all primary teeth in a pattern that followed the time of their calcification, with those formed earlier being more severely affected. Fading of the green pigmentation was detected during the follow-up, while erupted lower permanent incisors were normal...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598186/dentoskeletal-features-in-mixed-dentition-children-with-displaced-maxillary-canines-in-a-southern-italian-population
#5
G Fabiani, F d'Apuzzo, V Grassia, L Laino, F Femiano, L Perillo
AIM: To analyse the prevalence and the distribution of displaced, buccal/palatal maxillary canines, and the association with sagittal and vertical skeletal relationships in a southern Italian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive records of patients were examined. Inclusion criteria were: age 7-12 years, 1-2 cervical vertebral maturation (CVM) stage, initial dental casts, intraoral photographs, panoramic, lateral and periapical radiographs. Subjects with at least one canine in Lindauer II, III or IV sector and/or α angle >31° were included in displaced maxillary canine (DMC) group, whereas those with both canines in sector I and α angle ≤31° were used as control group (CTR)...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598185/three-dimensional-longitudinal-changes-of-maxilla-and-mandible-morphology-during-the-predental-period
#6
T Kihara, Y Kaihara, S Iwamae, N Niizato, S Gion, T Taji, K Kozai, H Nikawa
AIM: The purpose of this study was to longitudinally analyse the morphology of maxilla and mandible over time in infants using a three-dimensional (3D) surface scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen Japanese full-term infants participated in the study. Dental plaster models were fabricated every 3 months from 1 month of age to 12 months. The plaster models were scanned using the 3D surface scanner to create 3D models. The arch width, arch length, arch angle, palatal depth and palatal area of the 3D models were analysed...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598184/surface-electromyography-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery-and-condylectomy-in-active-laterognathia-a-case-report
#7
F Cullati, A Mapelli, G Beltramini, M Codari, C L Pimenta Ferreira, A Baj, A B Giannì, C Sforza
BACKGROUND: Condylar hyperplasia is a rare bone disease characterised by excessive development of mandibular condyle, which can lead to the development of asymmetric facial deformity together with malocclusion, mandibular deviation, TMJ and masticatory musculoskeletal system dysfunction. There is not a treatment protocol universally accepted. In order to determine the correct management, treatment and intervention timing of these patients, morphological examinations should be coupled with functional assessments...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598183/dental-fear-anxiety-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#8
S Cianetti, G Lombardo, E Lupatelli, S Pagano, I Abraha, A Montedori, S Caruso, R Gatto, S De Giorgio, R Salvato
AIM: The aim of this paper was to review the published scientific literature to quantify the prevalence and mean score of dental fear/anxiety (DFA) in children/adolescents and its variation according to several variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross- sectional and cohort studies published from 2000 to 2014, that measured DFA in children /adolescents (aged 0-19 years), in the general population, or visiting private or public dental services (general or pediatric) or attending school and kindergarten, were searched, with specific terms, in 3 electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Web Of Science)...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598182/masticatory-parameters-of-children-with-and-without-clinically-diagnosed-caries-in-permanent-dentition
#9
M S Kaya, S Akyuz, B Guclu, D Diracoglu, A Yarat
AIM: Mastication turns food into a bolus and prepares it for chemical digestion. Any condition affecting tooth structure and position may have an impact on mastication. The aim of this study is to compare masticatory performance (MP) and maximum bite force (MBF) between children with and without clinically visible caries in permanent first molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted with 50 children in good general condition aged 12-14 years (25 girls, 25 boys) with no orthodontic/skeletal anomalies and no missing teeth due to dental trauma or extraction...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598181/a-new-method-for-deep-caries-treatment-in-primary-teeth-using-ozone-a-retrospective-study
#10
M Beretta, F Federici Canova
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a new protocol for deep caries treatment in deciduous teeth based on: 1) the incomplete removal of carious dentin tissue; 2) the use of new technology (ozone) for the disinfection of carious dentine; 3) the creation of a peripheral seal in healthy tissue for bonding procedures with rubber dam isolation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a personal database, authors selected 50 consecutive patients (28 males, 22 females; mean age 5...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598180/evaluation-of-the-self-adjusting-file-system-saf-for-the-instrumentation-of-primary-molar-root-canals-a-micro-computed-tomographic-study
#11
E Kaya, M Elbay, D Yiğit
AIM: The Self-Adjusting File (SAF) system has been recommended for use in permanent teeth since it offers more conservative and effective root-canal preparation when compared to traditional rotary systems. However, no study had evaluated the usage of SAF in primary teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the use of SAF, K file (manual instrumentation) and Profile (traditional rotary instrumentation) systems for primary-tooth root-canal preparation in terms of instrumentation time and amounts of dentin removed using micro-computed tomography (μCT) technology...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598179/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-comparison-of-icdas-ii-diagnodent-pen-cariescan-pro-and-soprolife-camera-for-occlusal-caries-detection-in-primary-molar-teeth
#12
A Kockanat, M Unal
AIM: This research was aimed to investigate the in vivo and in vitro performance of traditional and novel methods in the detection of occlusal caries in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty primary molar teeth were assessed by two examiners both in vivo using ICDAS II, radiographic examination, DIAGNOdent pen, CarieScan PRO and SoproLife camera and in vitro using the mentioned diagnostic methods except radiographic examination. In addition, in vitro examinations were repeated 2 weeks later...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598178/multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-treatment-of-double-bilateral-upper-permanent-incisors-in-a-young-boy
#13
G F Ferrazzano, P Festa, T Cantile, V D'Antò, A Ingenito, R Martina
BACKGROUND: A double tooth is a rare developmental anomaly referring to the fusion of two adjacent tooth buds or the gemination of a single bud. CASE REPORT: This case report describes the multidisciplinary approach to an 11-year-old patient with two double upper permanent incisors. The clinical intraoral examination showed a mixed dentition with bilateral double maxillary central incisors, molar Class I malocclusion and palatal ectopy of two lateral upper incisors...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598177/finally-in-italy-the-school-of-specialisation-in-paediatric-dentistry
#14
G Marzo
After over two decades of discussions, promises and indecisions, the year 2016 marked the birth of the School of Specialisation in Paediatric Dentistry, which is now a reality. The importance of dental post-graduate specialisation schools has been debated since the Degree Course in Dentistry was established. Previously, in Italy only two dental branches - Oral Surgery and Orthodontics - had obtained the recognition that a School of Specialisation entails. Today, with specific training and the newly- established hyper-specialisation in Paediatric Dentistry, the future of the profession is brighter than ever...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494610/paediatric-laser-dentistry-part-1-general-introduction
#15
REVIEW
C Caprioglio, G Olivi, M D Genovese
Knowledge of the physical characteristics of different laser lights and optical and thermal properties of oral tissues is very important to understand the interaction of dental lasers with biological tissues. Choosing the correct dental laser is crucial to match specific wavelengths with target chromophores of different tissues; this affinity makes laser irradiation selective and therefore minimally invasive. Various types of lasers are used in dentistry, offering a viable alternative to low and high-speed handpieces and surgical blades, and also minimising fear and discomfort of the patient...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494609/odontomas-in-developmental-age-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy-analysis-of-a-case
#16
M Lacarbonara, V Lacarbonara, A P Cazzolla, V Spinelli, V Crincoli, M G Lacaita, M Capogreco
BACKGROUND: Odontomas are the most common benign odontogenic tumors (especially in children and adolescents) and consist of odontogenic ectomesenchyma and odontogenic epithelium with the formation of dental hard tissues. They are also simply considered hamartomas. The WHO Classification defines them as complex and compound odontomas. The diagnosis is often occasional, in conjunction with x-ray routine examinations, or it is suggested by eruption disorders or abnormal position of teeth in the dental arch...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494608/parenteral-nutrition-in-childhood-and-consequences-for-dentition-and-gingivae
#17
D Olczak-Kowalczyk, M Danko, E Banaś, D Gozdowski, K Popińska, E Krasuska-Sławińska, J Książyk
AIM: Assessment of dentition in children under parenteral nutrition, risk factors for caries, and dental developmental abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 63 patients (aged 2.25-16.6 years), i.e. 32 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.6±2.94 years, and 31 healthy control subjects. Oral hygiene (OHI-S, PL-I), gingival (GI), and dentition status (caries, DMFT/dmft, enamel defects, shape alterations), frequency of oral meals and frequency of cariogenic snacks consumption were evaluated...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494607/scn9a-channelopathy-associated-autosomal-recessive-congenital-indifference-to-pain-a-case-report
#18
S Rajasekharan, L Martens, L Domingues, R Cauwels
BACKGROUND: Congenital Indifference to Pain (CIP) is a rare condition that inhibits the ability of patients to perceive physical pain but otherwise keeps normal sensory modalities. The condition has been mapped to an autosomal recessive trait to chromosome 2q 24.3 with mutations on the SCN9A gene. CASE REPORT: A 2 year old Caucasian female presented with CIP. Bite injuries, tongue wounds and unaccounted dental trauma episodes were frequently reported. Preventive instructions and possible treatment modalities were discussed with the parents...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494606/split-mouth-design-in-paediatric-dentistry-clinical-trials
#19
REVIEW
A Pozos-Guillén, D Chavarría-Bolaños, A Garrocho-Rangel
AIM: The aim of this article was to describe the essential concepts of the split-mouth design, its underlying assumptions, advantages, limitations, statistical considerations, and possible applications in Paediatric Dentistry clinical investigation. DISCUSSION: In Paediatric Dentistry clinical investigation, and as part of randomised controlled trials, the split-mouth design is commonly used. The design is characterised by subdividing the child's dentition into halves (right and left), where two different treatment modalities are assigned to one side randomly, in order to allow further outcome evaluation...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494605/intra-pulpal-and-subsurface-temperature-rise-during-tooth-irradiation-with-808-nm-diode-laser-an-in-vitro-study
#20
F Khouja, M Abdelaziz, T Bortolotto, I Krejci
AIM: This in vitro study evaluated the pulpal and subsurface temperatures during proximal tooth surface irradiation with different settings of an 808 nm diode laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The elevation of pulpal and subsurface temperature during irradiation was measured using thermocouples positioned in the centre of the pulp chamber (n=30) and in the centre of a prepared 1.5 mm deep coronal cavity (n=30). Each sample was irradiated 3 times within one-week interval using different exposure settings...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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