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Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry

Deepak Mehta, S Jyothi, Prashant Moogi, Werner J Finger, Keiichi Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this clinical trial was to investigate the effect of a calcium phosphate based desensitizer paste applied prior to in-office tooth whitening on bleaching sensitivity (BS). METHODS: This crossover study was designed as randomized double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. The desensitizer paste Teethmate AP (TAP) contains tetracalcium phosphate and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous in glycerol and polyethylene glycol, whereas placebo (PLA) is a calcium phosphate free analog...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Anthony S Mennito, Zachary P Evans, Mark E Ludlow, Walter G Renne
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians have been slow to adopt digital impression technologies due possibly to perceived technique sensitivities involved in data acquisition. This research has two aims: determine whether scan pattern and sequence affects the accuracy of the three-dimensional (3D) model created from this digital impression and to compare the 5 imaging systems with regards to their scanning accuracy for sextant impressions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six digital intraoral impression systems were used to scan a typodont sextant with optical properties similar to natural teeth...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
María M Pérez, Razvan Ghinea, Luis Javier Herrera, F Carrillo, Ana M Ionescu, Rade D Paravina
OBJECTIVE: To determine 50:50% perceptibility threshold (PT) and 50:50% acceptability threshold (AT) for computer-simulated samples of human gingiva using CIEDE2000 and CIELAB color difference formulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Each of the 60 pairs of simulated human gingiva was displayed on a calibrated monitor, together with three pairs of upper central incisors of different lightness. The color of gingiva left and right from the midline was compared. A total of 30 observers (15 dentists, 15 laypersons) participated in the study...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Sven Rinke, Anne-Kathrin Pabel, Xenia Schulz, Matthias Rödiger, Gerhard Schmalz, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective evaluation of extended anterior glass-ceramic veneers 7 years after placement in a private practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients (20 females/11 males) underwent restoration with adhesively luted extended veneers that were fabricated using heat-pressed glass-ceramic (Cergo, Dentsply Sirona). A single dentist restored 101 teeth (maxilla, n = 65; mandible, n = 36). Adhesive cementation was performed using an etch-and-rinse adhesive (OptibondFL, Kerr Corporation), and two different dual-curing composite cements (Variolink, Ivoclar Vivadent/Calibra, Dentsply Sirona)...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Keiichi Yoshida
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of different cleaning methods on the shear bond strengths of 2 resin cements to saliva-contaminated zirconia. METHODS: After saliva contamination, alumina-blasted zirconia specimens were cleaned with 1 of 5 methods of water-rinsing (SA), K-etchant GEL phosphoric acid (PA), Ivoclean (IC), AD Gel (ADG), or additional alumina-blasting (AB). Alumina-blasted zirconia without saliva contamination was used as control group (Cont)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Kimberly R Milleman, Jonathan E Creeth, Gary R Burnett, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: Phytate is an organic, cyclic polyphosphate analogous to linear condensed polyphosphates used as stain removal agents. This study investigated stain removal efficacy of an experimental sodium phytate-containing dentifrice compared to a reference dentifrice. METHODS: An experimental, moderate abrasivity (relative dentine abrasivity [RDA] ∼130) antisensitivity fluoride dentifrice containing sodium phytate (0.85% w/w as the hexasodium salt) (n = 111) was compared to a reference, marketed, low-abrasivity (RDA ∼ 43), anti-sensitivity fluoride dentifrice (n = 113), both containing 1150 ppm fluoride as sodium fluoride...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Júlia Cadorim Facenda, Marcia Borba, Pedro Henrique Corazza
OBJECTIVES: Ceramics and composites are the most used materials for dental application. Recently, the characteristics of both were combined on the called "polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network" (PICN). The aim of this review is to report the behavior of PICN, comparing the findings that may support the correct clinical application. OVERVIEW: The PICN material is a structure with a sintered ceramic matrix infiltrated with a polymer matrix. Studies evaluated this material microstructure and composition, mechanical properties and adhesive behavior...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Andre V Ritter, Leonardo Fernandes Cunha, Gisele M Correr
In this case report, we share a conservative and simple restorative management approach for a relatively complex esthetic situation on an adult patient with an ankylosed maxillary central incisor in infra-occlusion. A 37-year-old healthy female patient presented for a consultation with a chief complaint of an unappealing smile. The intraoral exam revealed tooth #8 (FDI 11) was in obvious and significant infra-occlusion due to altered eruption. Periapical radiographs of this area were non-contributory and all teeth responded within normal limits to pulp vitality tests...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Ana Luiza Barbosa Jurema, Mauricio Yugo de Souza, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Alessandra Bühler Borges, Taciana Marco Ferraz Caneppele
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 35% hydrogen peroxide at different pH values and the degree of tooth staining on whitening efficacy and enamel microhardness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 enamel-dentin specimens were obtained from bovine incisors. They were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 45), 1 group was immersed in a staining broth for 14 days, and another group was not stained and kept in distilled water at 37°C. Twenty-four hours after the staining procedure, each group was distributed into 3 subgroups that were whitened by 35% hydrogen peroxide with different pH values (5, 7, and 8...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Wyeth Hoopes, Sara Cushen, Nicholas DuVall, Michael Wajdowicz, John Brewster, Howard Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the significance of axial wall height (AWH) in molar fracture resistance involving CAD/CAM adhesively bonded, all-ceramic full coverage restorations on preparations with moderate total occlusal convergence (TOC) (16°). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 newly extracted maxillary third molars were divided into 5 groups (n = 12). Specimens were prepared for full-coverage, all ceramic restorations with occlusal cervical AWHs of 4, 3, 2, 1 as well as a flat preparation (0 mm AWH) with all preparations with AWH containing a moderate 16° TOC...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Maja Lezaja Zebic, Bojan Dzeletovic, Vesna Miletic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test long-term microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of 2 universal adhesives applied to dentin following "total-etch" (TE) or "self-etch" (SE) protocols and aged by direct or indirect water exposure using simulated pulpal pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single Bond Universal (SBU, 3M ESPE) or Ipera Bond (IP, Itena) were applied to mid-coronal dentin ("flat dentin") or Class I cavity ("cavity dentin") following TE or SE protocols in 112 extracted human third molars...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Alexandra Șoim, Maria Strîmbu, Alexandru V Burde, Bogdan Culic, Diana Dudea, Cristina Gasparik
OBJECTIVES: To assess the translucency of two pressable ceramics and to analyze their masking property when placed on different tooth-shaded backgrounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty discs (1-mm thickness) were fabricated using two pressable ceramics (shade/translucency): 1M1T/HT, 1M2T/HT, 2M2T (VITA PM9), and A1LT/HT, B1LT/HT, A2LT (e.max Press). Color measurements of discs were performed with a dental spectrophotometer on tooth-colored backgrounds (A1/A2/A3/A3...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Ramy Ahmed Wafaie, Ashraf Ibrahim Ali, Salah Hasab Mahmoud
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of new light curing lab composite, lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic and yttrium-stabilized zirconia-based ceramic on the fracture resistance of maxillary premolars with class II inlay and onlay preparations. METHODS: Seventy sound maxillary premolars were divided randomly into seven main groups. The first group was left intact (control group). The remaining six groups were prepared with inlay and onlay cavities and restored with lab composite (SR Nexco), lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS e...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
John O Grippo, Thomas A Coleman, Antonello Maria Messina, Daniel S Oh
The presence of endogenous acids from bacteria acting on a suitable substrate combined with sources of exogenous biocorrosives such as exogenous acids and proteolytic enzymes in areas of stress concentration are hypothesized to lead to the development and progression of cervical and root caries (RC). Quantifying the effects of each of the mechanisms (stress and biocorrosion) is a daunting task to investigate since so many factors are involved at various times in the etiology of noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs), cervical caries (CC), and RC...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
S H Q Quek, A U J Yap, V Rosa, K B C Tan, K H Teoh
This study investigated the color (ΔE) and translucency changes (ΔTP) of CAD/CAM composites after exposure to staining solutions using both spectrophotometer and shade-matching device. Direct (Filtek Z350XT [ZT]), indirect (Shofu Ceramage [CE]) and CAD/CAM (Shofu HC Block [HC], Lava Ultimate [LU], Vita Enamic [EN]) composite specimens measuring 12 × 14 × 1.5 mm were fabricated, divided into five groups (n = 8), and immersed in cola, tea, coffee, red wine, distilled water (control) at 37°C for 7 days...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Mohand ALBalkhi, Eyad Swed, Omar Hamadah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficiency of debonding porcelain laminate veneers (PLV) by using several laser parameters and two different application modes of Er:YAG laser [contact (CM) and non-contact (NCM)], by verification of the consumed PLV debonding time and the changes in dental pulp temperature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted non-carious human maxillary premolars were prepared for receiving PLV. Sixteen of them were divided into two groups, each of them comprised eight samples based on the application mode; group A with NCM, and group B with CM...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Cui Wang, Wen-Jie Hu, Ling-Zhi Liang, Yan-Ling Zhang, Kwok-Hung Chung
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of full-smile images assessed by laypersons using visual analog scale measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 176 young Chinese subjects (88 males and 88 females; 20-35 years of age) with healthy dentogingival tissue were recruited to have their dynamic smiles captured using digital technology. A full-smile frame image of each subject was selected and evaluated by 22 laypersons (11 males and 11 females; 20-35 years of age) using visual analog scale measurement...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Ema Saltovic, Vlatka Lajnert, Sabina Saltovic, Daniela Kovacevic Pavicic, Andrej Pavlic, Stjepan Spalj
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial esthetics raises psychosocial issues. The purpose was to create and validate new short instrument for psychosocial impacts of altered smile esthetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A team of an orthodontist, two prosthodontists, psychologist, and a dental student generated items that could draw up specific hypothetical psychosocial dimensions (69 items initially, 39 in final analysis). The sample consisted of 261 Caucasian subjects attending local high schools and university (26% male) aged 14 to 28 years that have self-administrated the designed questionnaire...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Marc L Nevins, Sherif Said
OBJECTIVES: Extraction socket preservation procedures are critical to successful esthetic implant therapy. Conventional surgical approaches are technique sensitive and often result in alteration of the soft tissue architecture, which then requires additional corrective surgical procedures. This case series report presents the ability of flapless surgical techniques combined with a growth factor-enhanced bone matrix to provide esthetic ridge preservation at the time of extraction for compromised sockets...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Vanessa Ros Malignaggi, Khaled M Aldosary, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this comprehensive review was to assess the effectiveness of erbium lasers in the removal of all ceramic fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). OVERVIEW: Indexed databases were searched without language or time restriction up to and including December 2017 using different combinations of the following keywords: "lasers"; "phototherapy"; "crowns"; "prostheses and implants"; "inlays"; "ceramics"; "dental porcelain"; "zirconium"; "removal"; "debonding"; "fixed dental prostheses"; "veneers"; "laminates"; and "fixed bridge...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
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