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Spanish Journal of Psychology

Teresa Kirchner, Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Manuel S Ortiz, Irina Planellas, María Forns, Caterina Calderón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Cristina Alonso, Estrella Romero
Bullying and cyberbullying are highly prevalent in today's society. However, the personality profiles of different roles involved in this phenomenon remain little known. This study aims (1) to examine the association between bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents; and (2) to analyze the relationship between bullying and cyberbullying in terms of the domains and facets of the five-factor model (FFM). A total of 910 adolescents aged 12 to 19 years old participated. They were administered self-report assessments of aggression and victimization in bullying and cyberbullying, as well as the JS-NEO-S questionnaire...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Danilka Castro, Nancy Estévez, David Gómez, Pablo Ricardo Dartnell
Basic numerical processing has been regularly assessed using numerical nonsymbolic and symbolic comparison tasks. It has been assumed that these tasks index similar underlying processes. However, the evidence concerning the reliability and convergent validity across different versions of these tasks is inconclusive. We explored the reliability and convergent validity between two numerical comparison tasks (nonsymbolic vs. symbolic) in school-aged children. The relations between performance in both tasks and mental arithmetic were described and a developmental trajectories' analysis was also conducted...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Marta Villacieros, Ricardo Olmos, José Carlos Bermejo
Empathy has been identified as a relevant variable in order to predict burnout in healthcare professionals. In addition, assertiveness and self-esteem have been considered relevant variables to develop empathic capacity. In the other hand, misconceptions surrounding empathy constitute a risk factor for burnout. Two adult samples (N = 252 and N = 275) were used to explore and confirm the underlying structure of two questionnaires. The Exercise of Process of Empathy (EPE) scale (18 items) confirmatory factor analysis including 5 dimensions (cognitive and emotional comprehension, attention, clarity and assertiveness), showed reasonable goodness- of-fit indices χ2(130) = 269...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Joan Guardia-Olmos, Daniel Zarabozo-Hurtado, Maribe Peró-Cebollero, Esteban Gudayol-Farré, Fabiola R Gómez-Velázquez, Andrés González-Garrido
The study of orthographic errors in a transparent language such as Spanish is an important topic in relation to writing acquisition because in Spanish it is common to write pseudohomophones as valid words. The main objective of the present study was to explore the possible differences in activation patterns in brain areas while processing pseudohomophone orthographic errors between participants with high (High Spelling Skills (HSS)) and low (Low Spelling Skills (LSS)) spelling orthographic abilities. We hypothesize that (a) the detection of orthographic errors will activate bilateral inferior frontal gyri, and that (b) this effect will be greater in the HSS group...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Nuria Anaya-Reig, Manuela Romo
This paper presents abundant empirical evidence to support the view that Santiago Ramón y Cajal was a pioneer of the emerging Psychology of Science discipline. Narrative analysis of his autobiography (Recollections of my Life) and some of his unspecialized works (Advice for a Young Investigator, The World from an Eighty-Year-Old's Point of View, and Café Chats) revealed that the Spanish histologist's interest in the psychology of scientists was part and parcel of a high-level, intellectual self-regulation strategy he applied on his path to success...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Teresa Kirchner, Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Manuel S Ortiz, Irina Planellas, María Forns, Caterina Calderón
This study uses ecological momentary assessment (EMA) with smartphone devices to examine community adolescents' perceptions regarding both the intensity of and variability in their daily sadness/depression, anxiety, and somatic problems over the period of one week. Participants were 90 high-school students (M age = 14.61, SD = 1.64; range 12-18). The sample was divided according to gender (61.1% girls), migratory status (68.5% Spanish nationals and 31.5% Latin American immigrants), and level of psychological symptoms (17% risk group)...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Julio Sánchez-Meca, María Rubio-Aparicio, Rosa María Núñez-Núñez, José López-Pina, Fulgencio Marín-Martínez, José Antonio López-López
The Padua Inventory (PI) of obsessions and compulsions is one of the most usually applied tests to assess obsessive-compulsive symptomatology in research contexts as well as for clinical and screening purposes. A reliability generalization meta-analysis was accomplished to estimate the average reliability of the PI scores and to search for characteristics of the samples and studies that can explain the variability among reliability estimates. An exhaustive literature search enabled us to select 39 studies (53 independent samples) that reported alpha and/or test-retest coefficients with the data at hand for the PI total score and subscales...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Marisol Cueli, Celestino Rodríguez, Débora Areces, Trinidad García, Paloma González-Castro
Self-regulation on behalf of the student is crucial in learning Mathematics through hypermedia applications and is an even greater challenge in these IT environments. Two aims are formulated. First, to analyze the effectiveness of a hypermedia tool in improving perceived knowledge of self-regulatory strategies and the perceived usage of the planning, executing and assessment strategy on behalf of students with low, medium and high levels of academic performance. Second, to analyze the effectiveness of the hypermedia tool in improving perceived usage of the strategy for planning, monitoring and evaluating on behalf of students with a perceived knowledge (low, medium and high)...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Silvia Escribano, José P Espada, Alexandra Morales, Mireia Orgilés
Inconsistent condom use in young people is related to the perceived barriers to their use. The psychometric properties and factor structure of the new Condom Use Barriers Scale for Adolescents (CUBS-A) are analyzed. Concurrent validity was assessed by the Attitude towards condom use subscale of the validated HIV-AS test and the percentage of condom use variable. A total of 629 Spanish adolescents whose mean age was 15.17 (SD = 1.09; 51.5% boys) participated. Exploratory factor analysis supported a 15-item instrument with four factors: negotiation skills, perceived feelings, negative aspects of condoms, and disruption of the sexual experience, which explained 41...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Irene Rujas, Sonia Mariscal, Marta Casla, Miguel Lázaro, Eva Murillo
This longitudinal study examined the early word and nonword repetition abilities of monolingual Spanish speaking children. We explored the role that word status, word length, and time play in repetition performance of children with different vocabulary levels. We also examined the predictive value of vocabulary level in repetition abilities. Thirty-seven children participated in this study: 15 late talkers and 22 typically developing children. Families completed the Spanish version of the MacArthur Communicative Developmental Inventory (MCDI) at age 2; children performed a word and nonword repetition task at three different moments, with a temporal interval of 6 months between Time 1 and Time 2, and eight months between Time 2 and Time 3, periods during which linguistic development takes place...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
María Belén Martínez Fernández, José C Chacón Gómez, Javier Martín Babarro, María José Díaz-Aguado Jalón, Rosario Martínez Arias
This study explores variables related to teachers' perception of disruption at school as a function of teachers (sense of personal accomplishment, professional disengagement and depersonalization and emotional exhaustion) and school (overall school management and quality of school rules) factors. Using a questionnaire regarding school climate, data from 4,055 teachers across 187 high schools were analyzed. Hierarchical linear modeling was applied and the results indicate that, taken separately, significant individual teacher predictors (Model 1) explain 26% (95% CI [...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Ana Isabel Corchado, María José Díaz-Aguado Jalón, Rosario Martínez-Arias
Research carried out in different cultural contexts shows that the use of exclusively coercive disciplinary measures does not improve the behavior of those punished, and may even increase the risks underpinning those behaviors. The aim of this research was to study whether there is a link between repeatedly suffering punishment at school and psychosocial risks in adolescence. A non-experimental design was implemented with selected groups. The participants were 507 adolescents from four groups with different risk levels: in social protection (n = 189); subject to court measures (n = 104); in treatment for drug abuse (n = 25); and comparison group (n = 189)...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Inês Camacho, Francisco Rivera, Carmen Moreno, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
The aim of this study was to analyse the contribution of social support from family, friend and school (teacher and classmate) contexts in substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) and well-being (life satisfaction and health-related quality of life). Participants were 5,784 Portuguese and 22,610 Spanish adolescents aged 11 to 16 years, from the 2014 edition of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Portugal and Spain. Results showed that for a higher life satisfaction, family (p < .001, partial η2 = ...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Vânia Rocha, Marina P Guerra, Marina S Lemos, Júlia Maciel, Geoffrey C Williams
Studies on the cognitive working mechanism of smoking cessation in high-risk populations are few and much needed, and identifying long-term psychosocial factors to smoking cessation are relevant to improve intervention for cardiac patient groups. This longitudinal study followed patients who smoked and suffered an acute coronary syndrome from hospitalization to 12 months after clinical discharge. Questionnaires were administered to assess nicotine dependence, behavioral dependence, autonomous self-regulation, perceived competence, social support, anxiety, depressive symptoms and meaning in life at baseline, six months and twelve months after clinical discharge...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Fernando Chacón Fuertes, Carlos A Huertas Hurtado
The objective of the study was to determine the causal effects of school failure (SF) among secondary school students, belonging to five public schools within the region of Girardota, Colombia, through the validation of a psychosocial model with structural equations. A total of 319 students, 25% more males, enrolled in classes between 6th and 11th year, with an average age of 14 years. Furthermore, 265 parents and 200 teachers were also included in the sample. Participants answered the questions raised in 9 instruments...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Michele Dufey, Juan Enrique Wilson
The present study examines the immediate impact of empathic attitudes on the receiver, by comparing an empathic conversation (EC) with a neutral one (NC) on experiencing depth (EXP), perceived empathy and vagal tone. We also evaluate if empathy effects depend on personality dispositions relevant to interpersonal functioning. An experimental, counterbalanced, within-subject design was implemented wherein participants (n = 27, age M = 22.6, SD = 4.0, 52% females) talked about a personal, meaningful topic for 20 minutes under both the EC and NC conditions...
November 17, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Sara Mata, M Mar Gómez-Pérez, Clara Molinero, M Dolores Calero
Situations generated by high family risk have a negative effect on personal development, especially during preadolescence. Growing up in the presence of risk factors can lead to negative consequences on mental health or on school performance. The objective of this study focuses on individual factors related to this phenomenon during preadolescence. Specifically, we seek to establish whether level of family risk (high vs. low risk) is related to interpersonal problem-solving skills, executive function and learning potential in a sample of preadolescents controlling age, sex, total IQ, verbal comprehension ability and the classroom influences...
October 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Olalla Cutrín, José Antonio Gómez-Fraguela, Jorge Sobral
The aim of this study was to assess gender differences in direct and indirect effects of parental knowledge, family support, family conflict, and deviant peers on violent and nonviolent antisocial behavior among youngsters. The total sample was composed of 584 young people, 274 males and 310 females, aged 14 to 20 from High Schools of Galicia (NW Spain). The variables were assessed with different scales of the protocol Valoración del Riesgo en Adolescentes Infractores [Juvenile Offender's Risk Assessment]...
October 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Jesus Alfonso D Datu, Jana Patricia Valdez, Ian Kenneth Cabrera, Maria Guadalupe Salanga
Subjective happiness has been found to be associated with key psychological outcomes. However, there is paucity of research that assessed how subjective happiness is related to a number of positive student outcomes in the educational setting. The objective of the study was to assess the associations of subjective happiness with academic engagement, flourishing, and school resilience among 606 Filipino high school students (m age = 13.87; n boys = 300, n girls = 305, n missing = 1) in the Philippine context...
October 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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