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Spanish Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793940/parsing-complex-noun-phrases-effects-of-hierarchical-structure-and-sentence-position-on-memory-load
#1
Sergio Mota, José Manuel Igoa
In this paper, we report two experiments in Spanish designed to find out what kind of processes underlie the online parsing of complex noun phrases (NPs). To that end, we used a 'click detection' paradigm coupled with an oral comprehension task with sentences made up of complex NPs comprising embedded prepositional phrases PPs or coordinate NPs. The critical NPs consisted of words or pseudowords, and were inserted either at subject position (Experiment 1) or at object position (Experiment 2) in the sentence...
August 10, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780925/motivational-mechanisms-in-the-relation-between-job-characteristics-and-employee-functioning
#2
Anja H Olafsen, Hallgeir Halvari
This study investigates the job demands-resources (JD-R) model in relation to work motivation in a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, with the purpose of developing a model where social-contextual factors are seen in relation to psychological needs in order to explain autonomous work motivation and, in turn, self-reported work performance and somatic symptom burden. SEM-analyses of cross-sectional survey data including 405 waiters/waitresses in Norway were conducted to evaluate the hypothesized model...
August 7, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756792/does-being-a-stranger-make-it-difficult-to-cooperate
#3
P Sariñana-González, Á Romero-Martínez, L Moya-Albiol
Competition and cooperation are two somewhat opposed strategies for interpersonal social interaction that help us to achieve both individual and shared goals. The main aim of this study was to explore which type of social interaction (cooperative or competitive) is more stressful in a face-to-face same-sex dyad in healthy young participants (n = 178), considering outcome obtained in these tasks (positive or negative) and sex as moderating variables, and performance of the task alone as a control condition. Salivary cortisol (Csal) was measured in one sample obtained before task and four obtained after the task (+0, +15, +30 and +45 minutes after)...
July 31, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756790/psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-version-of-the-social-skills-inventory-for-adolescents
#4
Vanessa Barbosa Romera Leme, Felipe Valentini, Josiane Rosa Campos, Almir Del Prette, Zilda A P Del Prette
The present study aimed to evaluate the evidence of internal structure and scores reliability of the Social Skills Inventory for adolescents - brief version (IHSA-Del-Prette). The following analyses were performed: (1) Exploratory Factor Analysis - EFA; (2) Confirmatory Factor Analysis - CFA; (3) Reliability; (4) Multigroup Analysis (invariance). The participants were 2,291 students of the Middle and High Schools, both sexes aged 12 to 17 years old divided into two sample groups: 1,172 participants in sample group 1 (collected 2006-2007) and 1,119 in sample group 2 (collected 2011-2012)...
July 31, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747235/journalists-occupational-stress-a-comparative-study-between-reporting-critical-events-and-domestic-news
#5
Susana Monteiro, Alexandra Marques-Pinto
Nowadays, journalism is considered a stressful occupation, not only due to the stress perceived in journalists' daily work but also due to the critical, potentially traumatic events they report. However, research on journalists' occupational stress in both these professional settings is still scarce. This study aims to characterize and compare occupational stress variables perceived by journalists in their daily work and in critical scenarios. Taking the Holistic Model of Occupational Stress by Nelson and Simmons (2003) as a framework, 25 Portuguese journalists, all with experience in reporting critical events, were interviewed on their perceptions of some core variables of the model: occupational stressors, distress and eustress emotional reactions, and the consequences of these experiences on their well-being...
July 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743322/presentation-of-the-coding-and-assessment-system-for-narratives-of-trauma-casnot-application-in-spanish-battered-women-and-preliminary-analyses
#6
Violeta Fernández-Lansac, María Crespo
This study introduces a new coding system, the Coding and Assessment System for Narratives of Trauma (CASNOT), to analyse several language domains in narratives of autobiographical memories, especially in trauma narratives. The development of the coding system is described. It was applied to assess positive and traumatic/negative narratives in 50 battered women (trauma-exposed group) and 50 nontrauma-exposed women (control group). Three blind raters coded each narrative. Inter-rater reliability analyses were conducted for the CASNOT language categories (multirater Kfree coefficients) and dimensions (intraclass correlation coefficients)...
July 26, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726593/validation-and-normalization-of-the-tower-of-london-drexel-university-test-2nd-edition-in-an-adult-population-with-intellectual-disability
#7
Javier García-Alba, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Miguel Ángel Castellanos López, Emili Rodríguez Hidalgo, Nuria Ribas Vidal, Fernando Moldenhauer Díaz, Ramón Novell-Alsina
Despite how important it is to assess executive functioning in persons with Intellectual Disability (ID), instruments adapted and validated for this population are scarce. This study's primary goal was to find evidence for the validity of the ID version of the Tower of London (TOLDXtm) test in persons with mild (IDMi) and moderate (IDMo) levels of ID with Down Syndrome (DS). A multicenter study was carried out. Subjects (n = 63, ≥ 39 years old) had DS with mild (n = 39) or moderate ID (n = 24) with no minor neurocognitive disorder or Alzheimer's disease...
July 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651673/the-hidden-sufferers-parental-reactions-to-childhood-cancer-during-treatment-and-at-survival
#8
Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Tomás Blasco-Blasco, Marta Pérez-Campdepadrós, Lluis Capdevila
This study was twofold: 1) to assess parental reactions to childhood cancer throughout the oncological experience and 2) to explore associations between parents' reactions during treatment and cancer-related distress at survival. A cross-sectional descriptive study collecting data (at survival) from retrospective (perceived social support, optimism, distress, coping in the worst situation) and current variables (general stress, distress regarding cancer, benefit finding) was carried out. Forty-one parents of childhood cancer survivors were assessed...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651671/purpose-in-life-test-comparison-of-the-main-models-in-patients-with-mental-disorders
#9
Joaquín García-Alandete, José H Marco, Sandra Pérez
The aim of this study was to compare the main proposed models for the Purpose-In-Life Test, a scale for assessing meaning in life, in 229 Spanish patients with mental disorders (195 females and 34 males, aged 13-68, M = 34.43, SD = 12.19). Confirmatory factor-analytic procedures showed that the original model of the Purpose-In-Life Test, a 20-item unidimensional scale, obtained a better fit than the other analyzed models, SBχ2(df) = 326.27(170), SBχ2/df = 1.92, TLI = .93, CFI = .94, IFI = .94, RMSEA = .063 (90% CI [...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651657/association-between-violent-crime-and-psychosis-in-men-serving-prison-terms
#10
Javier Saavedra, Marcelino López, M Eva Trigo
Psychosis has been associated with committing violent crimes. However, it has been reported that the association is mediated by toxin consumption, personality disorders, and positive symptoms. This study will examine the relationship between different psychological disorders and sociodemographic variables, and violent crime perpetration in a sample of 472 men serving prison terms in Andalusia, Spain. A correlation-based, retrospective study was conducted and data were analyzed through logistic regression. The sample is representative of the Andalusian prison population, with a 95% level of confidence and ...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595664/spanish-language-adaptation-of-morgeson-and-humphrey-s-work-design-questionnaire-wdq
#11
Manuel Fernández Ríos, Raúl G Ramírez Vielma, José Carlos Sánchez García, Mariana Bargsted Aravena, Jean David Polo Vargas, Miguel Ángel Ruiz Díaz
Since work organizations became the subject of scientific research, how to operationalize and measure dimensions of work design has been an issue, mainly due to concerns about internal consistency and factor structure. In response, Morgeson and Humphrey (2006) built the Work Design Questionnaire -WDQ-, an instrument that identifies and measures these dimensions in different work and organizational contexts. This paper presents the instruent's adaptation into Spanish using reliability and validity analysis and drawing on a sample of 1035 Spanish workers who hold various jobs in an array of occupational categories...
June 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580897/the-spanish-version-of-the-subjective-vitality-scale-psychometric-properties-and-evidence-of-validity
#12
Isabel Castillo, Inés Tomás, Isabel Balaguer
The Subjective Vitality Scale (SVS) assess the subjective experience of being full of energy and alive, a clinically relevant outcome measure of positive psychological well-being. The purpose of this paper was to translate the 7-item SVS into Spanish and examine its psychometric properties. In Study 1 (n = 790 adolescents) and Study 2 (n = 130 athletes) reliability and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were carried out. In Study 1 and Study 3 (n = 197 dancers) evidence of validity of inferences based on SVS scores estimating relationships with other variables (life satisfaction, global self-esteem and emotional and physical exhaustion) was obtained...
June 5, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580896/local-versus-global-perceptual-scope-empathic-concern-and-helping-preferences-in-multiple-victim-situations
#13
Luis Oceja, Eric Stocks, Tamara Ambrona, Belén López-Pérez, Pilar Carrera
Previous research on the one-among-others effect has shown that inducing empathic concern towards a victim presented alongside with a small number of other victims enhances (a) the perception of this set of victims as separate and different individuals (instead of as a group), and (b) the preference to help them individually (rather than collectively). We propose that inducing a local (vs. global) perceptual scope increases (vs. lessens) these two outcomes. In this work, participants first reported their perception of an ad that showed a victim depicted as one-among-others and, afterwards, were unexpectedly asked to indicate their preference for giving the victims either "individualized", "collective", or "equal" assistance...
June 5, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578725/possible-associations-between-subitizing-estimation-and-visuospatial-working-memory-vswm-in-children
#14
Jesica Formoso, Juan Pablo Barreyro, Silvia Jacubovich, Irene Injoque-Ricle
Researchers have focused on identifying the mechanisms involved in subitizing and its differences with estimation. Some suggest that subitizing relies on a visual indexing system in charge of the simultaneous individuation of objects that is also used by visuospatial working memory (VSWM). In adults, studies found associations between subitizing and VSWM, in the absence of correlation between VSWM and estimation. The present study analyzed the performance of 120 4 and 6-year-old children in three tasks: dot enumeration to measure subitizing capacity, quantity discrimination for estimation, and Corsi Block-tapping task for VSWM...
June 5, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464978/romantic-relationship-quality-in-the-digital-age-a-study-with-young-adults
#15
Virginia Sánchez, Noelia Muñoz-Fernández, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
Recent studies suggest that the online and offline behaviors young people display in romantic relationships are closely related. However, the differential effects of the dimensions of couple quality in the online context have not yet been explored in depth. The aim of this study was to explore online couple quality in young-adult relationships, and its association with romantic relationship satisfaction, also looking at effects of gender, age, and length of the relationship. 431 university students currently in a romantic relationship (68...
May 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462736/spanish-adaptation-of-the-morningness-eveningness-stability-scale-improved-messi
#16
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler
The aim of the present study was to conduct the preliminary adaptation of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability-Scale improved (MESSi) to Spanish population, testing its factor structure and construct validity. Participants were 261 adults (65% women; M = 31.4, SD = 12.01) who filled out measures of Morningness-Eveningness (MESSi and CSM), sleep habits, personality traits, positive and negative affect, and subjective level of alertness during the day. Psychometric results supported a three factorial model with the factors Morning Affect, Eveningness and Distinctness (RMSEA = ...
May 2, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390445/peace-of-mind-academic-motivation-and-academic-achievement-in-filipino-high-school-students
#17
Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Recent literature has recognized the advantageous role of low-arousal positive affect such as feelings of peacefulness and internal harmony in collectivist cultures. However, limited research has explored the benefits of low-arousal affective states in the educational setting. The current study examined the link of peace of mind (PoM) to academic motivation (i.e., amotivation, controlled motivation, and autonomous motivation) and academic achievement among 525 Filipino high school students. Findings revealed that PoM was positively associated with academic achievement β = ...
April 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367778/relationship-between-leadership-among-peers-and-burnout-in-sports-teams
#18
Julio Torrado, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Alberto Areces, Gabriel Iglesias, Iván Valle, Gabriel Patiño
This study has been conducted with the aim of ascertaining the relationship between peer leaders in sport teams and the levels of burnout experienced by their team-mates. A total of 219 Spanish athletes involved in football and basketball participated in the study. To measure leadership among peers, we employed the Sports Peer Leadership Scale, which comprises 24 items, grouped into 6 primary factors: empathy, influence on decision making, sports values, social support, training orientation and competition orientation...
April 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357970/situational-and-dispositional-factors-that-predict-motivation-a-multilevel-study
#19
Heriberto Antonio Pineda-Espejel, Jeanette López-Walle, Inés Tomás
This study aimed to test a multilevel mediation model which examined the relationship between the perceived motivational climate created by coaches at team level and motivational regulations towards sport at individual level, as mediated by individual goal orientations. 211 university athletes from 20 teams training in different types of sport completed a battery of instruments that measured the variables included in the model. The statistics significance level was .05. Results of the multilevel mediation model revealed that the task-involving climate at team level positively predicted individual task orientation (γ01 = ...
March 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316287/psychometric-properties-of-the-unidimensional-relationship-closeness-scale-urcs-for-a-brazilian-sample
#20
Roosevelt Vilar, Rafaella de C R Araujo, Gabriel Lins de H Coelho, Alex S M Grangeiro, Valdiney V Gouveia
The present research brings psychometric evidences for the Unidimensional Relationship Closeness Scale (URCS), aiming at verifying its adequacy for use in the Brazilian context. Participants were 468 university students with mean age of 21.2 years. They completed a survey composed by the URCS, the Basic Values Survey (BSV), and demographic questions. Through Exploratory (Eigenvalue = 6.61) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFI = .937, TLI = .923), the results showed that the same one-factor structure from the original version of the scale was found...
March 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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