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Spanish Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224882/social-physique-anxiety-mental-health-and-exercise-analyzing-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-and-psychological-inflexibility
#1
Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Álvaro Sicilia, Rafael Burgueño
This study aimed to determine the usefulness of integrating basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) and relational frames theory (RFT) in order to explain the effects of social physique anxiety (SPA) - in the context of exercise - on exercisers' mental health. A total of 296 recreational cyclists and triathletes (100% males) aged 18 to 60 years old (M age = 35.65, SD = 9.49) completed a multi-section questionnaire assessing the target variables. Two models of structural equations with multiple mediators were tested using 5000 bootstrap samples...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224881/avoidance-in-anxiety-and-depression-adaptation-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-avoidance-scale-in-a-spanish-sample
#2
Santiago Barajas, Luis Garra, Laura Ros
This study examines how cognitive, behavioral and experiential avoidance differs between clinical patients (N = 100), the general population (N = 100), and undergraduate students (N = 54). For this purpose, a Spanish adaptation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Avoidance Scale (CBAS; Ottenbreit & Dobson, 2004) was made. Confirmatory factor analysis supports the four factors structure similar to the original one, yet question the value of three of the items (CFI = .929, RMSEA = .057, SRMR = .051, χ2(333) = 603.28, p < ...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224880/child-depression-prevalence-and-comparison-between-self-reports-and-teacher-reports
#3
Joana Jaureguizar, Elena Bernaras, Maite Garaigordobil
Depression is one of the most worrying diseases nowadays. The study had three main purposes: 1) to identify the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in 7-10 year olds, exploring differences according to gender and age; 2) to analyze the consistency between self-reports and teacher reports; and 3) to explore the relationship between depression and academic performance. Regarding the methodology, the sample comprised 420 students aged between 7 and 10 years from the Basque Country (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls)...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219469/impulsiveness-and-child-to-parent-violence-the-role-of-aggressor-s-sex
#4
Eva Rico, Jaime Rosado, David Cantón-Cortés
The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of minors' impulsiveness in the perpetration of child-to-parent violence (CPV), controlling for sex, age, interest allocated to studies, and participant´s and parent´s drug consumption habits, as well as to test the moderating role of the aggressor's sex on impulsiveness. The sample comprised 934 students from high school centers (438 boys and 496 girls), aged between 13 and 21 years. Impulsiveness was assessed through the Barratt's Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), whereas CPV perpetration was assessed employing the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire...
February 21, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190418/an-analysis-of-dis-ordered-categories-thresholds-and-crossings-in-difference-and-divide-by-total-irt-models-for-ordered-responses
#5
Miguel A García-Pérez
Threshold parameters have distinct referents across models for ordered responses. In difference models, thresholds are trait levels at which responding beyond category k is as likely as responding at or below it; in divide-by-total models, thresholds are trait levels at which responding in category k is as likely as responding in category k - 1. Thus, thresholds in divide-by-total models (but not in difference models) are the crossings of the option response functions for consecutive categories. Thresholds in difference models are always ordered but they may inconsequentially yield ordered or disordered crossings...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190417/test-anxiety-and-academic-performance-among-undergraduates-the-moderating-role-of-achievement-motivation
#6
Anthony Gbenro Balogun, Shyngle Kolawole Balogun, Chidi Victor Onyencho
This study investigated the moderating role of achievement motivation in the relationship between test anxiety and academic performance. Three hundred and ninety three participants (192 males and 201 females) selected from a public university in Ondo State, Nigeria using a purposive sampling technique, participated in the study. They responded to measures of test anxiety and achievement motivation. Three hypotheses were tested using moderated hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results showed that test anxiety had a negative impact on academic performance (β = -...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190415/a-potential-role-of-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-in-self-reported-executive-functioning
#7
Margarita V Alfimova, Vera Golimbet, Tatyana Lezheiko, Galina Korovaitseva
Intense effort is directed toward searching for associations between genes and neuropsychological measures of executive functions. In contrast, the impact of genetic polymorphisms on self-rating of everyday executive functioning has not been investigated so far. This study was designed to test associations of self-reported executive functioning, measured with the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF-A), with dopaminergic and serotoninergic genes in non-clinical population and to assess impact of neuropsychological and personality characteristics on these associations...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190412/effects-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-stress-management-on-executive-function-components
#8
Ana Santos-Ruiz, Humbelina Robles-Ortega, Miguel Pérez-García, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
This study aims to determine whether it is possible to modify executive function in stressed individuals by means of cognitive-behavioral therapy for stress management. Thirty-one people with high levels of perceived stress were recruited into the study (treatment group = 18; wait-list group = 13). The treatment group received 14 weeks of stress management program. Psychological and executive function variables were evaluated in both groups pre and post-intervention. The treatment group showed improved psychological variables of perceived stress (t = 5...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190409/child-perfectionism-and-its-relationship-with-personality-excessive-parental-demands-depressive-symptoms-and-experience-of-positive-emotions
#9
Laura B Oros, Ornella Iuorno, Mónica Serppe
While adaptive perfectionism ensures good overall performance, maladaptive perfectionism is associated with emotional disorders for which psychological treatment is sought. There are many factors that can explain the development of this disorder throughout childhood. The present study analyzed to what extent the child's personality traits and excessive parental demands can predict maladaptive perfectionism, and, in turn, also analyzed how this relates to positive emotions and depressive symptoms in a sample of 404 Argentinian children (M age = 10...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190407/validity-evidence-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-automatic-thoughts-questionnaire-8-in-colombia
#10
Francisco J Ruiz, Juan C Suárez-Falcón, Diana Riaño-Hernández
The Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) is a widely used, 30-item, 5-point Likert-type scale that measures the frequency of negative automatic thoughts as experienced by individuals suffering from depression. However, there is some controversy about the factor structure of the ATQ, and its application can be too time-consuming for survey research. Accordingly, an abbreviated, 8-item version of the ATQ has been proposed. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity evidence of the Spanish version of the ATQ-8 in Colombia...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181474/big-five-personality-trait-short-questionnaire-preliminary-validation-with-spanish-adults
#11
Generós Ortet, Tania Martínez, Laura Mezquita, Julien Morizot, Manuel I Ibáñez
There are two major advantages of the Big Five Personality Trait Short Questionnaire (BFPTSQ) over other non-commercial short Five-Factor Model personality measures: widen conceptual breadth, and its use in both adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of this questionnaire in an adult Spanish sample. Factor, convergent (using the NEO-PI-R), and criterion (using scales that assess happiness and alcohol consumption) validities, internal consistency as well as test-retest reliabilities of the BFPTSQ were evaluated...
February 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181473/is-underweight-associated-with-more-positive-body-image-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys
#12
Adam Kantanista, Magdalena Król-Zielińska, Joanna Borowiec, Wiesław Osiński
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between body image and prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight in adolescents. The study included 1702 girls and 1547 boys, aged 14-16 years, who completed questionnaire assessing body satisfaction. The participants' BMI status: underweight, normal weight or overweight was determined on the basis of BMI cut-off values. Results revealed that more girls (p < .001) showed low body satisfaction (44.8%) and fewer girls (p < .001) had high body satisfaction (17...
February 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162138/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-the-elderly-in-the-community-of-madrid-results-of-the-mentdis_icf65-study
#13
Berta Ausín, Manuel Muñoz, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Eloísa Pérez-Santos, Miguel A Castellanos
The MentDis_ICF65+ Project is an epidemiological study of mental disorders in people 65 to 85 years old in several European cities, including Madrid. Its aim is to determine the lifetime, 12-month, and 1-month prevalence of the main mental disorders in the elderly. The relationship of age and sex with each mental disorder was examined. The sample was collected through random sampling of people over 65 in Madrid, and consisted of 555 persons between 65 and 85 years old. The CIDI65+ was administered. Estimates of prevalence and odds ratios (OR) were made using sample frequencies and according to sex and age...
February 6, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162135/the-mediational-effect-of-weight-self-stigma-in-the-relationship-between-blatant-and-subtle-discrimination-and-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Alejandro Magallares, Patricia Bolaños-Rios, Inmaculada Ruiz-Prieto, Pilar Benito de Valle, Jose Antonio Irles, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera
Obesity may be considered a social stigma. In addition, people with obesity are frequently aware of stigma directed at others who have a similar weight and come to think stigmatized thoughts about themselves. Our study focused specifically on how blatant and subtle discrimination and weight self-stigma are related to depression and anxiety in people with obesity. The sample comprised 170 participants from the Clinical Nutrition Unit of the "Hospital de Valme" (Seville, Spain). The Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Perceived Discrimination Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used...
February 6, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162134/influence-of-core-affect-in-the-differential-efficacy-of-a-personality-disorder-intervention-program
#15
Juan M Ramos, Juan M Sendra, Aintzane Sánchez, Ana Mena
The usual emotional experience of the person (affective style) is an influential factor in therapeutic assimilation. Based on a dynamic model of affect shaped dimensionally by the valence and arousal axes (core affect) that fluctuate over time according to the specific context of the individual, its relationship with different variables was investigated and the changes after a 6-month intervention in a specialized hospital unit (N = 103) were observed. The orthogonal structure of core-affect was confirmed. Emotional valence appeared to be positively related to social skills (r = ...
February 6, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102117/efficacy-of-an-intervention-program-to-improve-employability-of-university-students
#16
Estefanía Hernández-Fernaud, Carmen Inés Ruiz-de la Rosa, Fátima Negrín, Yeray Ramos-Sapena, Bernardo Hernández
In the current socioeconomic situation, the need to improve employability of potential workers is especially relevant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention program focusing on improving employability of university students. To do this, a two-group study was designed: one group undertook the intervention program and the other group were used for comparison. Two measurements were taken at different times (pre-intervention and post-intervention). The sample consisted of 271 university students...
January 19, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102116/the-role-of-participant-responsiveness-on-a-socio-emotional-learning-program
#17
Nádia Salgado Pereira, Alexandra Marques-Pinto
The present study set out to evaluate participant responsiveness, one of the main dimensions of implementation quality, in a Socio-Emotional Learning after-school program using Educational Dance activities, Experiencing Emotions, and also to understand its influence on program outcomes. The sample involved 98 middle-school Portuguese pupils, 53 of whom participated in the program and 45 in after-school control sessions. Outcome measures included pre-test and post-test questionnaires of pupils' socio-emotional skills, well-being and school engagement...
January 19, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095931/anger-rumination-scale-validation-in-mexico
#18
Norma Ortega Andrade, Raúl Alcázar-Olán, Oscar Mariano Matías, Ana Rivera Guerrero, Alejandra Domínguez Espinosa
The aim of the study was to assess the validity of the Anger Rumination Scale (ARS; Sukhodolsky, Golub, & Cromwell, 2001) in a Mexican sample (n = 700, M age = 38.6, SD = 12.42). Through confirmatory factor analysis and using modification indices, the four-factor structure of the original scale was replicated: angry afterthoughts, thoughts of revenge, angry memories, and understanding of causes. In addition, the four-factor model had better goodness of fit indices than rival models with three and two factors...
January 18, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065215/a-comparative-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-the-cultural-cognition-of-humans-and-other-apes
#19
Andrew Whiten
The comparative and evolutionary analysis of social learning and all manner of cultural processes has become a flourishing field. Applying the 'comparative method' to such phenomena allows us to exploit the good fortunate we have in being able to study them in satisfying detail in our living primate relatives, using the results to reconstruct the cultural cognition of the ancestral forms we share with these species. Here I offer an overview of principal discoveries in recent years, organized through a developing scheme that targets three main dimensions of culture: the patterning of culturally transmitted traditions in time and space; the underlying social learning processes; and the particular behavioral and psychological contents of cultures...
January 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065214/the-evolution-of-human-uniqueness
#20
Robert Boyd
The human species is an outlier in the natural world. Two million years ago our ancestors were a slightly odd apes. Now we occupy the largest ecological and geographical range of any species, have larger biomass, and process more energy. Usually, this transformation is explained in terms of cognitive ability-people are just smarter than all the rest. In this paper I argue that culture, our ability to learn from each other, and cooperation, our ability to make common cause with large groups of unrelated individuals are the real roots of human uniqueness, and sketch an evolutionary account of how these crucial abilities co-evolved with each other and with other features of our life histories...
January 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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