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Spanish Journal of Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726593/validation-and-normalization-of-the-tower-of-london-drexel-university-test-2nd-edition-in-an-adult-population-with-intellectual-disability
#1
Javier García-Alba, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Miguel Ángel Castellanos López, Emili Rodríguez Hidalgo, Nuria Ribas Vidal, Fernando Moldenhauer Díaz, Ramón Novell-Alsina
Despite how important it is to assess executive functioning in persons with Intellectual Disability (ID), instruments adapted and validated for this population are scarce. This study's primary goal was to find evidence for the validity of the ID version of the Tower of London (TOLDXtm) test in persons with mild (IDMi) and moderate (IDMo) levels of ID with Down Syndrome (DS). A multicenter study was carried out. Subjects (n = 63, ≥ 39 years old) had DS with mild (n = 39) or moderate ID (n = 24) with no minor neurocognitive disorder or Alzheimer's disease...
July 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651673/the-hidden-sufferers-parental-reactions-to-childhood-cancer-during-treatment-and-at-survival
#2
Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Tomás Blasco-Blasco, Marta Pérez-Campdepadrós, Lluis Capdevila
This study was twofold: 1) to assess parental reactions to childhood cancer throughout the oncological experience and 2) to explore associations between parents' reactions during treatment and cancer-related distress at survival. A cross-sectional descriptive study collecting data (at survival) from retrospective (perceived social support, optimism, distress, coping in the worst situation) and current variables (general stress, distress regarding cancer, benefit finding) was carried out. Forty-one parents of childhood cancer survivors were assessed...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651671/purpose-in-life-test-comparison-of-the-main-models-in-patients-with-mental-disorders
#3
Joaquín García-Alandete, José H Marco, Sandra Pérez
The aim of this study was to compare the main proposed models for the Purpose-In-Life Test, a scale for assessing meaning in life, in 229 Spanish patients with mental disorders (195 females and 34 males, aged 13-68, M = 34.43, SD = 12.19). Confirmatory factor-analytic procedures showed that the original model of the Purpose-In-Life Test, a 20-item unidimensional scale, obtained a better fit than the other analyzed models, SBχ2(df) = 326.27(170), SBχ2/df = 1.92, TLI = .93, CFI = .94, IFI = .94, RMSEA = .063 (90% CI [...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651657/association-between-violent-crime-and-psychosis-in-men-serving-prison-terms
#4
Javier Saavedra, Marcelino López, M Eva Trigo
Psychosis has been associated with committing violent crimes. However, it has been reported that the association is mediated by toxin consumption, personality disorders, and positive symptoms. This study will examine the relationship between different psychological disorders and sociodemographic variables, and violent crime perpetration in a sample of 472 men serving prison terms in Andalusia, Spain. A correlation-based, retrospective study was conducted and data were analyzed through logistic regression. The sample is representative of the Andalusian prison population, with a 95% level of confidence and ...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595664/spanish-language-adaptation-of-morgeson-and-humphrey-s-work-design-questionnaire-wdq
#5
Manuel Fernández Ríos, Raúl G Ramírez Vielma, José Carlos Sánchez García, Mariana Bargsted Aravena, Jean David Polo Vargas, Miguel Ángel Ruiz Díaz
Since work organizations became the subject of scientific research, how to operationalize and measure dimensions of work design has been an issue, mainly due to concerns about internal consistency and factor structure. In response, Morgeson and Humphrey (2006) built the Work Design Questionnaire -WDQ-, an instrument that identifies and measures these dimensions in different work and organizational contexts. This paper presents the instruent's adaptation into Spanish using reliability and validity analysis and drawing on a sample of 1035 Spanish workers who hold various jobs in an array of occupational categories...
June 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580897/the-spanish-version-of-the-subjective-vitality-scale-psychometric-properties-and-evidence-of-validity
#6
Isabel Castillo, Inés Tomás, Isabel Balaguer
The Subjective Vitality Scale (SVS) assess the subjective experience of being full of energy and alive, a clinically relevant outcome measure of positive psychological well-being. The purpose of this paper was to translate the 7-item SVS into Spanish and examine its psychometric properties. In Study 1 (n = 790 adolescents) and Study 2 (n = 130 athletes) reliability and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were carried out. In Study 1 and Study 3 (n = 197 dancers) evidence of validity of inferences based on SVS scores estimating relationships with other variables (life satisfaction, global self-esteem and emotional and physical exhaustion) was obtained...
June 5, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580896/local-versus-global-perceptual-scope-empathic-concern-and-helping-preferences-in-multiple-victim-situations
#7
Luis Oceja, Eric Stocks, Tamara Ambrona, Belén López-Pérez, Pilar Carrera
Previous research on the one-among-others effect has shown that inducing empathic concern towards a victim presented alongside with a small number of other victims enhances (a) the perception of this set of victims as separate and different individuals (instead of as a group), and (b) the preference to help them individually (rather than collectively). We propose that inducing a local (vs. global) perceptual scope increases (vs. lessens) these two outcomes. In this work, participants first reported their perception of an ad that showed a victim depicted as one-among-others and, afterwards, were unexpectedly asked to indicate their preference for giving the victims either "individualized", "collective", or "equal" assistance...
June 5, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578725/possible-associations-between-subitizing-estimation-and-visuospatial-working-memory-vswm-in-children
#8
Jesica Formoso, Juan Pablo Barreyro, Silvia Jacubovich, Irene Injoque-Ricle
Researchers have focused on identifying the mechanisms involved in subitizing and its differences with estimation. Some suggest that subitizing relies on a visual indexing system in charge of the simultaneous individuation of objects that is also used by visuospatial working memory (VSWM). In adults, studies found associations between subitizing and VSWM, in the absence of correlation between VSWM and estimation. The present study analyzed the performance of 120 4 and 6-year-old children in three tasks: dot enumeration to measure subitizing capacity, quantity discrimination for estimation, and Corsi Block-tapping task for VSWM...
June 5, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464978/romantic-relationship-quality-in-the-digital-age-a-study-with-young-adults
#9
Virginia Sánchez, Noelia Muñoz-Fernández, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
Recent studies suggest that the online and offline behaviors young people display in romantic relationships are closely related. However, the differential effects of the dimensions of couple quality in the online context have not yet been explored in depth. The aim of this study was to explore online couple quality in young-adult relationships, and its association with romantic relationship satisfaction, also looking at effects of gender, age, and length of the relationship. 431 university students currently in a romantic relationship (68...
May 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462736/spanish-adaptation-of-the-morningness-eveningness-stability-scale-improved-messi
#10
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler
The aim of the present study was to conduct the preliminary adaptation of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability-Scale improved (MESSi) to Spanish population, testing its factor structure and construct validity. Participants were 261 adults (65% women; M = 31.4, SD = 12.01) who filled out measures of Morningness-Eveningness (MESSi and CSM), sleep habits, personality traits, positive and negative affect, and subjective level of alertness during the day. Psychometric results supported a three factorial model with the factors Morning Affect, Eveningness and Distinctness (RMSEA = ...
May 2, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390445/peace-of-mind-academic-motivation-and-academic-achievement-in-filipino-high-school-students
#11
Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Recent literature has recognized the advantageous role of low-arousal positive affect such as feelings of peacefulness and internal harmony in collectivist cultures. However, limited research has explored the benefits of low-arousal affective states in the educational setting. The current study examined the link of peace of mind (PoM) to academic motivation (i.e., amotivation, controlled motivation, and autonomous motivation) and academic achievement among 525 Filipino high school students. Findings revealed that PoM was positively associated with academic achievement β = ...
April 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367778/relationship-between-leadership-among-peers-and-burnout-in-sports-teams
#12
Julio Torrado, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Alberto Areces, Gabriel Iglesias, Iván Valle, Gabriel Patiño
This study has been conducted with the aim of ascertaining the relationship between peer leaders in sport teams and the levels of burnout experienced by their team-mates. A total of 219 Spanish athletes involved in football and basketball participated in the study. To measure leadership among peers, we employed the Sports Peer Leadership Scale, which comprises 24 items, grouped into 6 primary factors: empathy, influence on decision making, sports values, social support, training orientation and competition orientation...
April 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357970/situational-and-dispositional-factors-that-predict-motivation-a-multilevel-study
#13
Heriberto Antonio Pineda-Espejel, Jeanette López-Walle, Inés Tomás
This study aimed to test a multilevel mediation model which examined the relationship between the perceived motivational climate created by coaches at team level and motivational regulations towards sport at individual level, as mediated by individual goal orientations. 211 university athletes from 20 teams training in different types of sport completed a battery of instruments that measured the variables included in the model. The statistics significance level was .05. Results of the multilevel mediation model revealed that the task-involving climate at team level positively predicted individual task orientation (γ01 = ...
March 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316287/psychometric-properties-of-the-unidimensional-relationship-closeness-scale-urcs-for-a-brazilian-sample
#14
Roosevelt Vilar, Rafaella de C R Araujo, Gabriel Lins de H Coelho, Alex S M Grangeiro, Valdiney V Gouveia
The present research brings psychometric evidences for the Unidimensional Relationship Closeness Scale (URCS), aiming at verifying its adequacy for use in the Brazilian context. Participants were 468 university students with mean age of 21.2 years. They completed a survey composed by the URCS, the Basic Values Survey (BSV), and demographic questions. Through Exploratory (Eigenvalue = 6.61) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFI = .937, TLI = .923), the results showed that the same one-factor structure from the original version of the scale was found...
March 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224882/social-physique-anxiety-mental-health-and-exercise-analyzing-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-and-psychological-inflexibility
#15
Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Álvaro Sicilia, Rafael Burgueño
This study aimed to determine the usefulness of integrating basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) and relational frames theory (RFT) in order to explain the effects of social physique anxiety (SPA) - in the context of exercise - on exercisers' mental health. A total of 296 recreational cyclists and triathletes (100% males) aged 18 to 60 years old (M age = 35.65, SD = 9.49) completed a multi-section questionnaire assessing the target variables. Two models of structural equations with multiple mediators were tested using 5000 bootstrap samples...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224881/avoidance-in-anxiety-and-depression-adaptation-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-avoidance-scale-in-a-spanish-sample
#16
Santiago Barajas, Luis Garra, Laura Ros
This study examines how cognitive, behavioral and experiential avoidance differs between clinical patients (N = 100), the general population (N = 100), and undergraduate students (N = 54). For this purpose, a Spanish adaptation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Avoidance Scale (CBAS; Ottenbreit & Dobson, 2004) was made. Confirmatory factor analysis supports the four factors structure similar to the original one, yet question the value of three of the items (CFI = .929, RMSEA = .057, SRMR = .051, χ2(333) = 603.28, p < ...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224880/child-depression-prevalence-and-comparison-between-self-reports-and-teacher-reports
#17
Joana Jaureguizar, Elena Bernaras, Maite Garaigordobil
Depression is one of the most worrying diseases nowadays. The study had three main purposes: 1) to identify the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in 7-10 year olds, exploring differences according to gender and age; 2) to analyze the consistency between self-reports and teacher reports; and 3) to explore the relationship between depression and academic performance. Regarding the methodology, the sample comprised 420 students aged between 7 and 10 years from the Basque Country (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls)...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219469/impulsiveness-and-child-to-parent-violence-the-role-of-aggressor-s-sex
#18
Eva Rico, Jaime Rosado, David Cantón-Cortés
The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of minors' impulsiveness in the perpetration of child-to-parent violence (CPV), controlling for sex, age, interest allocated to studies, and participant´s and parent´s drug consumption habits, as well as to test the moderating role of the aggressor's sex on impulsiveness. The sample comprised 934 students from high school centers (438 boys and 496 girls), aged between 13 and 21 years. Impulsiveness was assessed through the Barratt's Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), whereas CPV perpetration was assessed employing the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire...
February 21, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190418/an-analysis-of-dis-ordered-categories-thresholds-and-crossings-in-difference-and-divide-by-total-irt-models-for-ordered-responses
#19
Miguel A García-Pérez
Threshold parameters have distinct referents across models for ordered responses. In difference models, thresholds are trait levels at which responding beyond category k is as likely as responding at or below it; in divide-by-total models, thresholds are trait levels at which responding in category k is as likely as responding in category k - 1. Thus, thresholds in divide-by-total models (but not in difference models) are the crossings of the option response functions for consecutive categories. Thresholds in difference models are always ordered but they may inconsequentially yield ordered or disordered crossings...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190417/test-anxiety-and-academic-performance-among-undergraduates-the-moderating-role-of-achievement-motivation
#20
Anthony Gbenro Balogun, Shyngle Kolawole Balogun, Chidi Victor Onyencho
This study investigated the moderating role of achievement motivation in the relationship between test anxiety and academic performance. Three hundred and ninety three participants (192 males and 201 females) selected from a public university in Ondo State, Nigeria using a purposive sampling technique, participated in the study. They responded to measures of test anxiety and achievement motivation. Three hypotheses were tested using moderated hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results showed that test anxiety had a negative impact on academic performance (β = -...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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