journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325147/berberine-derivatives-with-different-pharmacological-activities-via-structural-modifications
#1
Daipeng Xiao, Zhenbao Liu, Shanshan Zhang, Mi Zhou, Fen He, Ming Zou, Junying Peng, Xiong Xie, Yanfei Liu, Dongming Peng
Berberine, a quaternary ammonium protoberberine alkaloid with an isoquinoline scaffold isolated from medicinal herbs, exhibits a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities. Berberine has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine. However, it has poor bioavailability, which seriously limits its application and development. The chemical transformation of natural products is an effective method to improve pharmacological activities. Researches have been carried out on the modification of berberine to obtain better pharmacological properties...
March 21, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302042/natural-anti-cancer-agents-implications-in-gemcitabine-resistant-pancreatic-cancer-treatment
#2
Bishal Marasini, Ravi P Sahu
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancy accounting for the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Among several explored anti-cancer agents, Gemcitabine, a nucleoside analogue remained a front line chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, gemcitabine exerts a low response rate with limited progression free survival in cancer patients due to cellular resistance of pancreatic tumors to this therapy. Several chemotherapeutic agents have been explored in combination with gemcitabine against pancreatic cancer with overall mixed responses and survival rates...
March 15, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302041/promises-of-machine-learning-approaches-in-prediction-of-absorption-of-compounds
#3
Rajnish Kumar, Anju Sharma, Mohammed Haris Siddiqui, Rajesh Kumar Tiwari
The Machine Learning (ML) is one of the fastest developing techniques in prediction and evaluation of important pharmacokinetic properties such as absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion. The availability of large number of robust validation techniques for prediction models devoted to pharmacokinetics have significantly enhanced the trust and authenticity in ML approaches. There are series of prediction models generated and used for rapid screening of compounds on the basis of absorption in last one decade...
March 15, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302040/trypanothione-reductase-a-target-for-the-development-of-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-drugs
#4
Karina Vázquez, Margot Paulino, Cristian O Salas, Juan J Zarate-Ramos, Brenda Vera, Gildardo Rivera
Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis is a major parasitic disease in Latin America with treatment available via two drugs: nifurtimox and benznidazole. These two treatments are ineffective in the chronic phase of the disease. Therefore, there is a need for the development of new, efficient and safe drugs for the treatment of these diseases. With this goal, one of the promising targets proposed is the trypanothione reductase (TR), a key enzyme important in the metabolism of Trypanosoma cruzi. In this review, we analyze the importance of TR as a drug target, as well as their compounds inhibitors reported in the last decade as potential therapeutic agents for Chagas disease...
March 15, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302039/bone-degeneration-inflammation-and-secondary-complications-of-arthritis-potential-targets-and-their-natural-inhibitors
#5
Mahadevappa Hemshekhar, Ram M Thushara, Somanatahpura K NaveenKumar, Paul Manoj, Mahalingam S Sundaram, Kempaiah Kemparaju, Kesturu S Girish
Arthritis is marked with joint deterioration that affects articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Though cartilage degradation is a major damage during arthritis, the subsequent bone loss cannot be neglected. Progress in the arthritis research has identified clinical importance of bone erosion in destructive arthritis. Studies have showed the key role played by osteoclasts and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) signaling in bone erosion. Cathepsins and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) are considered key enzymatic factors contributing to bone erosion...
March 15, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302038/current-application-of-quantum-dots-qd-in-cancer-therapy-a-review
#6
Lavanya Thilak Babu, Priyankar Paira
Semiconductor quantum dots proved themselves as an efficient fluorescent probes in cancer detection and treatment. Their size, high stability, non-photobleaching and water solubility made them a unique fluorophore in place of conventional organic dyes. Newly emerged theranoistic drug delivery system using quantum dots helped us in better understanding of the drug delivery mechanism inside the cells. Surface modified Quantum dots and their applications became wide in bioimaging, immunohistochemistry, tracking intracellular drug and intracellular molecules target...
March 15, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302037/recent-advances-in-the-catalytic-one-pot-synthesis-of-flavonoids-and-chromones
#7
Manijeh Mohadeszadeh, Mehrdad Iranshahi
Flavonoids and chromones are two important classes of natural products that have various biological properties. During the past 10 years, there has been a significant increase in studies on the one-pot synthesis of flavonoids and chromones as medicinal scaffolds in drug discovery. This review describes the scope, mechanistic properties and regio- and chemo-selectivity features of several recently developed one-pot procedures for the synthesis of substituted chromones and flavonoids that have recently been published...
March 15, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271816/an-overview-on-application-of-natural-substances-incorporated-with-electrospun-nanofibrous-scaffolds-to-development-of-innovative-wound-dressings
#8
Nosratollah Zarghami, Roghayeh Sheervalilou, Amir Fattahi, Abbas Mohajeri, Mehdi Dadashpour, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi
Conventional dressings are cost-effective and highly absorbent, but not effectual enough to promote hemostasis, adherence and in holding a moist wound bed. Thanks to the developments in the field of nanotechnology and bioengineering, one of the promising current trends is to move progress of innovative wound dressings, merging the application of traditional healing agents and modern products/practices, such as hydrocolloids, hydrogels, films and nanofibers. The electrospun nanofibers webs can provide the essential parameters require for wound dressing to heal wounds including absorptivity, oxygen permeability, and non-adherence to the healing tissue, barrier to bacteria, bioactivity and occlusivity...
March 8, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245783/advance-in-anti-tumor-mechanisms-of-shikonin-alkannin-and-their-derivatives
#9
Xu Zhang, Jia-Hua Cui, Qing-Qing Meng, Shao-Shun Li, Wen Zhou, Sui Xiao
Shikonin, alkannin and their derivatives, the main ingredient of Lithospermum erythrorhizon native to Inner Mongolian and Northwest of China, displayed good antitumor effects via multiple-target mechanisms. This review focus on their antitumor mechanisms from the direct reaction and the indirect reaction aspects, and expounded the death of tumor cells caused by shkionin, akannin and derivatives, which are involved in the ROS-mediated mechanisms and direct interaction with DNA and protein.
February 28, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245782/reactive-oxygen-and-nitrogen-species-in-carcinogenesis-implications-of-oxidative-stress-on-the-progression-and-development-of-several-cancer-types
#10
Joanna Kruk, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: The body of evidence available from published literature during the past three decades indicates that reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species can induce, promote and modulate carcinogenesis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to present current status of knowledge on the possible role of oxidative/nitrosative stress in the development and progression of several human cancers. Moreover, we discuss briefly the formation and decomposition of oxygen and nitrogen species within cells and their physiological and damaging influences...
February 28, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245781/endogenous-and-exogenous-natural-adjuvants-for-vaccine-development
#11
Azam Bolhassani, Somayeh Talebi, Ali Anvar
Various adjuvants are usually co-injected with an antigen for stimulation of effective immune responses. Their mechanisms of action in vaccine development include: a) enhancement of the total antibody titers; b) reduction of the antigen dose; c) induction of potent cell-mediated immunity; d) increase in the speed and duration of the protective response; e) stimulation of mucosal immunity; and f) cross-protection. Up to now, different exogenous adjuvants have been identified to boost immune responses including inorganic compounds (e...
February 28, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245779/imidazole-an-essential-edifice-for-the-identification-of-new-lead-compounds-and-drug-development
#12
Nishtha Shalmali, Md Rahmat Ali, Sandhya Bawa
In recent years, a drastic rise has been observed in incidences of resistance, low efficacy rates and toxicities to various drugs used in therapeutic application. It has been observed that presence of imidazole nucleus in several categories of therapeutic agents such as antimicrobials, antivirals, antiparasites, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetics etc. has made it a vital anchor for the development of new therapeutic agents. But, there is a need to couple the newest information with the already available knowledge to recognize the present standing of imidazole motif in medicinal chemistry research...
February 28, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245778/curcumin-not-so-spicy-after-all
#13
Amitabh Jha, Prabhu P Mohapatra, Salma A AlHarbi, Nusrat Jahan
This is a short review on the most recent studies on curcumin and its analogs, including the studies from the laboratories of authors. The diverse medicinal properties of curcumin itself reported in the recent years are reviewed. Although curcumin has shown great potential in treating various diseases, it has not been approved as a clinical drug candidate because of its poor pharmacokinetics. The recent methods developed to solve this problem are briefly described. The biological and other properties of synthetic curcumin analogs (diarylheptanoids and diarylpentanoid monocarbonyl derivatives) reported in the recent literature are also presented...
February 28, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245780/nano-chitosan-particles-in-anticancer-drug-delivery-an-up-to-date-review
#14
Pooja R Kamath, Dhanya Sunil
Cancer is one of the most awful lethal diseases all over the world and the success of its current chemotherapeutic treatment strategies is limited due to several associated drawbacks. The exploration of cancer cell physiology and its microenvironment have exposed the potential of various classes of nanocarriers to deliver anticancer chemotherapeutic agents at the tumor target site. These nanocarriers must evade the immune surveillance system and achieve target selectivity. Besides, they must gain access in to the interior of cancerous cells, evade endosomal entrapment and discharge the drugs in a sustained manner...
February 27, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215139/bridgehead-nitrogen-thiazolo-3-2-a-pyrimidine-a-privileged-structural-framework-in-drug-discovery
#15
Amit K Keshari, Ashok K Singh, Sudipta Saha
Thiazolopyrimidine derivatives containing bridgehead nitrogen atom are now-a-days attracting the attention of many medicinal chemists throughout the world to explore this framework for its potential. This biologically important scaffold is formed by the fusion of two aromatic rings, thiazole and pyrimidine, in such a way that one carbon atom at the ring junction is replaced by a nitrogen atom and is, therefore, being common for both the heterocyclic rings. One of the most common example of this type of fusion is thiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidine which is being used perpetually with tremendous success in various field of therapeutic applications...
February 16, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215138/amino-acid-ester-prodrugs-of-nucleoside-and-nucleotide-antivirals
#16
Marcela Krečmerová
The review covers basic principles of the prodrug strategy applied to antiviral nucleoside drugs or drug candidates. Specific role of amino acids as promoieties is explained with respect to transport mechanisms, pharmacokinetics and a low toxicity of compounds. Synthetic approaches to the most important representatives (compounds under clinical investigations or available on the market) are described, including valacyclovir, valganciclovir, valomaciclovir stearate, valcyclopropavir, valtorcitabine, valopicitabine and several attempts to amino acid modifications of antiretroviral nucleosides...
February 16, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183265/some-important-dietary-polyphenolic-compounds-an-anti-inflammatory-and-immunoregulatory-perspective
#17
Mayank Kinger, Sushil Kumar, Vinod Kumar
Inflammation plays an important role in maintaining the body's homeostasis. It repairs the damaged tissues of the body resulting from injury or infection. In addition, a diverse array of diseases like hepatitis, arthritis and colitis has been reported and described to be associated with inflammatory processes. Some autoimmune diseases like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) emerge by the influence of numerous genes in complex environmental situations belongs to inflammation. The currently available processes for curing inflammation and related disorders facilitate the use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)...
February 8, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183264/ellagitannins-bioavailability-purification-and-biotechnological-degradation
#18
Pedro Aguilar-Zárate, Jorge E Wong-Paz, Juan J Buenrostro-Figueroa, Juan A Ascacio, Juan C Contreras-Esquivel, Cristóbal N Aguilar
The ellagitannins are a group of phenolic compounds with biological activities. The ellagic acid is the product obtained from hydrolysis of ellagitannins. Information related to the biosynthesis of ellagitannins still been scarce and confused. The ellagitannins are obtained from plants and their purification process implies mainly the use of chromatographic techniques. The ellagitannin acyl hydrolase (EAH) also known as ellagitannase is an enzyme capable to hydrolyze the ester bonds of ellagitannins and the consequent releasing of ellagic acid...
February 8, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183263/aryl-butenes-active-against-k562-cells-and-lacking-tyrosinase-inhibitory-activity-as-new-leads-in-the-treatment-of-leukemia
#19
Mehdi El Arbi, Emna Ketata, Aref Neifar, Wafa Mihoubi, Girish K Gupta, Pascal Pigeon, Siden Top, Ali Gargouri, Gérard Jaouen
The inhibitory effects of four series of aryl butene derivatives, active against breast cancer, on the monophenolase activity of tyrosinase, in melanin-free ink from Sepia officinalis, have been studied. Hydroxytamoxifen 1, ferrociphenol 17 and several aryl butene analogs have shown strong antiproliferative activity on hormone-dependent and hormone-independent breast cancer cells and were evaluated in leukemia K562 cell proliferation. Their potential to induce skin depigmentation by evaluating their anti-tyrosinase activity was also estimated...
February 8, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176627/a-review-of-ruthenium-complexes-activities-on-different-steps-of-the-metastatic-process-in-breast-cancer-cells
#20
Cecília Patrícia Popolin, Márcia Regina Cominetti
Cancer is one of the main causes of death worldwide. Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer deaths due to its high metastasis to the lymph nodes, lungs bones and brain. Interactions with the stromal microenvironment surrounding tumor cells facilitate tumor cell migration and invasion of tissues and dissemination to other organs, to form metastasis. The development of antitumor metal-based drugs was originated with the discovery of cisplatin, however, its severe side effects represent a limitation for its clinical use...
February 6, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
journal
journal
39550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"