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Hemodialysis International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024379/can-a-renal-nurse-assess-fluid-status-using-ultrasound-on-the-inferior-vena-cava-a-cross-sectional-interrater-study
#1
Ulrich Steinwandel, Nicholas Gibson, Amanda Towell, James J R Rippey, Johan Rosman
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound of the inferior vena cava (IVC-US) has been used to estimate intravascular volume status and fluid removal during a hemodialysis session. Usually, renal nurses rely on other, imprecise methods to determine ultrafiltration. To date, no study has examined whether renal nurses can reliably perform ultrasound for volume assessment and for potential prevention of intradialytic hypotension. This pilot study aimed to determine if a renal nurse could master the skill of performing and correctly interpreting Point of Care Ultrasound on patients receiving hemodialysis...
October 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972699/ledipasvir-and-sofosbuvir-for-untreated-hcv-genotype-1-infection-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Mandarapu Surendra, Sree Bhushan Raju, Nimmagadda Sridhar, Bangillapati Vijay Kiran, Goli Rajesh, Golla Anvesh, Nallagasu Raju
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in end stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with increased mortality. Recently, numerous directly acting antiviral agents have been approved for the management of HCV. Ledipasvir along with Sofosbuvir has been approved for management of genotype 1 infection in patients with eGFR ≥30 mL/min. However, there is paucity of data regarding its role in the management of patients on dialysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a single center prospective open label observational study to assess the safety and efficacy of Ledipasvir and Sofosbuvir in hemodialysis (HD) patients who were diagnosed with HCV genotype 1 infection...
October 3, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972697/feasibility-of-sustained-low-efficiency-dialysis-in-critically-sick-pediatric-patients-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#3
Sidharth K Sethi, Rajiv Sinha, Pranaw Jha, Nikita Wadhwani, Veena Raghunathan, Maninder Dhaliwal, Shyam B Bansal, Vijay Kher, Valentine Lobo, Jyoti Sharma, Rupesh Raina
INTRODUCTION: Sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) has emerged as a cost effective alternative to Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in the management of hemodynamically unstable adult patients with acute kidney injury. The objective of the study was to document the SLED practices in these centers, and to look at the feasibility, and tolerability of SLED in critically sick pediatric patients. METHODS: It was a retrospective record review from January 2010 to June 2016 done in four tertiary pediatric nephrology centers in India...
October 3, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972691/meta-analysis-and-commentary-preemptive-correction-of-arteriovenous-access-stenosis
#4
LETTER
Jochen G Raimann, Levi Waldron, Elsie Koh, Gregg A Miller, Murat H Sor, Richard J Gray, Peter Kotanko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972690/on-line-hemodiafiltration-at-home
#5
Almudena Vega, Soraya Abad, Nicolás Macías, Inés Aragoncillo
Survival with online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is higher than with hemodialysis; frequent hemodialysis has also improved survival and quality of life. Home hemodialysis facilitates frequent therapy. We report our experience with 2 patients with stage 5 CKD who started home hemodialysis with OL-HDF in November 2016. After a training period at the hospital, they started home hemodialysis with OL-HDF after learning how to manage dialysis monitors and how to administer water treatment. We used the "5008-home" (FMC(©) ) monitor, and the Acqua C(©) (Fresenius Medical Care) for water treatment...
October 3, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972689/late-onset-pompe-s-disease-in-a-hemodialysis-patient-a-first-case-report
#6
Theodoros Eleftheriadis, Panagiota Makri, Paschalia Karakosta, Georgios Pissas, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Helen Michelakakis, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Ioannis Stefanidis
A 37-year-old hemodialysis patient appeared with unusual somnolence during 2 successive hemodialysis sessions. Blood gas analysis revealed hypercapnic respiratory failure and spirometry restrictive lung disease. After exclusion of other causes of restrictive lung disease with chest CT-scan and cerebrum MRI, electrophysiological study revealed myopathy. Because besides lordosis and limb-girdle gait the patient was ambulant the possibility of late-onset Pompe's disease was set and confirmed with evaluation of α-glucosidase activity and genetic analysis...
October 3, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857418/an-unusual-case-of-an-irretrievable-hemodialysis-catheter-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#7
Mehrdad Ghahremani-Ghajar, Anna Jin, Peyman Borghei, Joline L T Chen
Hemodialysis catheters are associated with higher risks of complications compared to arteriovenous fistulas and grafts. Some common complications of dialysis catheters include infection, thrombus formation, central venous stenosis, and mechanical dysfunction. Rarely, catheters can become firmly adhered to a vessel wall. Catheter adhesion is a serious complication that can impact the delivery of safe and effective dialysis to affected patients. Adherent catheters commonly present insidiously with no overt diagnostic signs and symptoms or antecedent catheter malfunction...
August 30, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834137/evaluation-of-the-expected-ventilatory-response-to-metabolic-acidosis-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Marco Marano
INTRODUCTION: Expected pCO2 during metabolic acidosis should be computed to rule out superimposing respiratory acid-base disorders, the latter being featured by too high or too low pCO2 than expected. At least 4 different and inconsistent formulas exist. Based on the common practical rule, the reduction of pCO2 equals 1.2 multiplied by the reduction of serum bicarbonate ([HCO3-]), whereas pCO2 equals to the 2 digit after pH decimal point according to Fulop. Instead, based on Winters' formula, pCO2 equals to 1...
August 23, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799704/the-nature-consequences-and-management-of-neurological-disorders-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
REVIEW
Bahman Jabbari, Nosratola D Vaziri
Perhaps no other organ in the body is affected as often and in as many ways as the brain is in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Several factors contribute to the neurological disorders in CKD including accumulation of uremic toxins, metabolic and hemodynamic disorders, oxidative stress, inflammation, and impaired blood brain barrier among others. The neurological disorders in CKD involve both peripheral and central nervous system. The peripheral neurological symptoms of CKD are due to somatic and cranial peripheral neuropathies as well as a myopathy...
August 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796431/acute-kidney-injury-in-a-postpartum-woman-with-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Masatoshi Nishimoto, Masaru Matsui, Hideo Tsushima, Kaori Tanabe, Miho Tagawa, Ken-Ich Samejima, Yasuhiro Akai, Yoshihiko Saito
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by intravascular hemolysis, hemoglobinuria, and inflammatory thrombotic state. Intravascular hemolysis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) can lead to acute and chronic renal injury through hemoglobin-mediated toxicity. A 32-year-old pregnant woman with myelodysplastic syndrome was admitted to our hospital with severe preeclampsia. Shortly after an urgent caesarean section, she became obtunded and showed signs of acute kidney injury (AKI) with anuria, severe intravascular hemolysis, and hypermagnesemia...
August 10, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796425/comparison-of-stroke-volume-measurements-during-hemodialysis-using-bioimpedance-cardiography-and-echocardiography
#11
Michael J Germain, Jyovani Joubert, Daniel O'Grady, Brian H Nathanson, Yossi Chait, Nathan W Levin
BACKGROUND: Fluid management remains a major challenge of hemodialysis (HD) care, with serious implications for morbidity and mortality. Intradialytic fluid management is typically guided by blood pressure, an indirect resultant of hemodynamics status. Direct measurements of hemodynamic parameters may improve cardiovascular outcomes by providing rational bases for intervention. We compare stroke volume (SV) measurements using a noninvasive, regional biompedance cardiography device (NiCaS) with Doppler echocardiography (Echo) in HD setting...
August 10, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796408/use-of-the-anion-gap-and-intermittent-hemodialysis-following-continuous-hemodiafiltration-in-extremely-high-dose-acute-on-chronic-lithium-poisoning-a-case-report
#12
Yohei Komaru, Ryota Inokuchi, Yoshihiro Ueda, Masaomi Nangaku, Kent Doi
A 35-year-old woman intentionally took 40,000 mg of lithium carbonate, and she was transferred to our hospital with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. She was diagnosed as having bipolar disorder 10 years ago and was receiving oral lithium therapy. Blood test results on arrival were remarkable for a negative anion gap of -2.1 and later, the serum lithium level turned out to be as high as 15.4 mEq/L. Intubation was required because of disrupted consciousness, and continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) was immediately started in the intensive care unit to obtain constant removal of lithium...
August 10, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762659/timing-of-surgical-intervention-for-fungal-infective-endocarditis
#13
LETTER
Chang-Hua Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762638/principles-of-treating-enlarging-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-dialysis-arteriovenous-graft
#14
Daniel V Patel, Tushar J Vachharajani
The arteriovenous graft (AVG) is one of the major types of permanent vascular access used to provide hemodialysis. Complications encountered with AVG use include stenosis, infection, thrombosis, and pseudoaneurysm formation. Venous outflow stenosis along with frequent needle cannulation at the same site can lead to breakdown of the graft material, resulting in pseudoaneurysm formation. In the following case, we illustrate common management principles used to treat pseudoaneurysms. While stent-grafts have been utilized for pseudoaneurysm repair, stent-graft usage is not always optimal...
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762633/platelet-activation-and-clotting-cascade-activation-by-dialyzers-designed-for-high-volume-online-hemodiafiltration
#15
Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Anne Riddell, Andrew Davenport
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis patients are pro-thrombotic. Higher volume online postdilutional hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF), with increasing hematocrit increases the risk of clotting in the extracorporeal circuit (ECC). We wished to determine whether OL-HDF increased platelet activation and ECC clotting. METHODS: Coagulation parameters, platelet, white cell, and endothelial activation markers were measured at the start and end of dialysis sessions in 10 patients and also pre- and post-dialyzer after 15 minutes using two different dialyzers designed for high volume OL-HDF; cellulose triacetate (TAGP) and polysulphone (PS), and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)...
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762626/adjustment-of-target-weight-based-on-absolute-blood-volume-reduces-the-frequency-of-intradialytic-morbid-events
#16
Susanne Kron, Daniel Schneditz, Jutta Czerny, Til Leimbach, Klemens Budde, Joachim Kron
INTRODUCTION: Adequate volume management removing excess volume and at the same time avoiding intradialytic morbid events (IME) remains a core problem in current hemodialysis (HD) therapy. Recently, we developed a feasible method to determine absolute blood volume (Vs, in mL/kg) in patients on HD. The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of Vs measurements for volume management. METHODS: Following a 4 week baseline phase to quantify the frequency of IME, volume status was determined in a single specified HD session during which Vs was measured using dialysate dilution, volume overload (Vo, L) was measured using bioimpedance spectroscopy, and the occurrence of IME was recorded...
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762615/plasma-cell-neoplasm-as-a-risk-factor-for-early-thrombosis-of-arteriovenous-fistula
#17
Yoshitaka Kinoshita, Akira Ishikawa, Konan Hara, Toru Sugihara, Yoshitaka Ishibashi, Yukio Homma
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that presence of plasma cell neoplasms might be a risk for thrombosis of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) as well as other well-known factors including age, sex, race, and presence of diabetes mellitus or certain vascular disorders. METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective study based on medical record data, we investigated the influence of plasma cell neoplasms and the above-mentioned factors on the occurrence of complete occlusive thrombosis of the AVF within 30 days after surgery for creation of the AVF...
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762611/pregnancy-on-short-daily-home-hemodialysis-using-low-dialysate-flow-rate-a-new-hope-for-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#18
Vincent Leduc, Maxence Ficheux, Clémence Bechade, Michel Dreyfus, Thierry Lobbedez, Patrick Henri
INTRODUCTION: In France in 2014, there were approximately 1500 patients of reproductive age treated by dialysis. Pregnancy in these patients remains rare, however, the incidence has increased since the 2000s, with a parallel increase in the fetal survival rate. We report 2 cases of pregnancy in short-daily home hemodialysis using low dialysate flow rate. METHODS: Short-daily hemodialysis was continued at the request of the patients. The treatment consisted in an increase of frequency and duration of hemodialysis sessions, an independent blood pressure and dry weight control supervised by nephrological monitoring twice a month and a regular obstetrics follow-up...
August 1, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799694/patient-with-a-total-artificial-heart-maintained-on-outpatient-dialysis-while-listed-for-combined-organ-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#19
Ramy M Hanna, Huma Hasnain, Mohammad Kamgar, Mina Hanna, Raffi Minasian, James Wilson
Advanced mechanical circulatory support is increasingly being used with more sophisticated devices that can deliver pulsatile rather than continuous flow. These devices are more portable as well, allowing patients to await cardiac transplantation in an outpatient setting. It is known that patients with renal failure are at increased risk for developing worsening acute kidney injury during implantation of a ventricular assist device (VAD) or more advanced modalities like a total artificial heart (TAH). Dealing with patients who have an implanted TAH who develop renal failure has been a challenge with the majority of such patients having to await a combined cardiac and renal transplant prior to transition to outpatient care...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627747/spontaneous-intercostal-artery-bleeding-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#20
Areum Durey, Young Sam Kim, Ah Jin Kim
Spontaneous rupture of an intercostal artery (ICA) is a rare but could be a life-threatening emergency requiring prompt diagnosis and intervention for optimal outcome. We report a patient presented with swelling in his right-side back which started immediately after scheduled hemodialysis and continued to increase in size. Contrast computed tomography scan revealed soft tissue attenuated lesion with internal enhancing dots which suggested expanding hematoma with active bleeding. Arteriography detected focal contrast extravasation from seventh ICA, and transcatheter arterial embolization was successfully done...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
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