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Parenting, Science and Practice

Päivi Fadjukoff, Lea Pulkkinen, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Katja Kokko
Objective. This article focuses on identity as a parent in relation to parenting and psychological functioning in middle age. Design. Drawn from the Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development, 162 participants (53% females) with children (age 36), represented the Finnish age-cohort born in 1959. Parental identity was assessed at ages 36, 42, and 50. Results. In both women and men, parental identity achievement increased from age 36 to 42 and remained stable to 50. The level of parental identity achievement was higher in women than in men...
April 2, 2016: Parenting, Science and Practice
Zhe Wang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Martha Ann Bell
OBJECTIVE: Mothers who attribute child misbehaviors to children's intentions, and not to situational causes, show more hostile parenting behaviors. Why are some mothers more likely than others to make more hostile attributions (i.e., high intentional attributions and low situational attributions) when confronted with child challenging behaviors? We examined the relation between mothers' perception of child challenging behaviors and their hostile attributions of child misbehaviors, with an emphasis on how maternal negative affect and resting vagal activity moderated this relation...
2016: Parenting, Science and Practice
Tara M Augenstein, Sarah A Thomas, Katherine B Ehrlich, Samantha Daruwala, Shelby M Reyes, Jeffrey S Chrabaszcz, Andres De Los Reyes
OBJECTIVE: Parents' poor monitoring of adolescents' whereabouts and activities is commonly linked to adolescents' increased engagement in delinquent behaviors. Yet, different domains of parental monitoring (parental monitoring behaviors vs. parental knowledge) and reports from multiple informants (parent vs. adolescent) may vary in their links to delinquent behavior. DESIGN: Seventy-four parental caregivers and 74 adolescents completed survey measures of parental monitoring and knowledge, and adolescents completed self-report surveys of delinquent behavior...
2016: Parenting, Science and Practice
Vaheshta Sethna, Lynne Murray, Elena Netsi, Lamprini Psychogiou, Paul G Ramchandani
Objective. Paternal depressive disorder is associated with adverse effects on child development. One possible mechanism for this is through the effects of the disorder on parenting capacities. The link between paternal depression and father-infant interactions was investigated at three-months postpartum. Design. Major depressive disorder was assessed in N = 192 fathers using a structured clinical interview (SCID). Altogether, 54 fathers met criteria for depression, and 99 fathers were categorized as non-depressed...
January 2, 2015: Parenting, Science and Practice
Sarah J Schoppe-Sullivan, Lauren E Altenburger, Meghan A Lee, Daniel J Bower, Claire M Kamp Dush
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify determinants of maternal gatekeeping at the transition to parenthood. DESIGN: Participants included 182 different-gender dual-earner couples. During pregnancy, expectant parents completed questionnaires regarding their psychological functioning, attitudes, and expectations, and at 3 months postpartum questionnaires regarding maternal gatekeeping behavior and gate closing attitudes. RESULTS: SEM analyses revealed that mothers were more likely to close the gate to fathers when mothers held greater perfectionistic expectations for fathers' parenting, had poorer psychological functioning, perceived their romantic relationship as less stable, and had higher levels of parenting self-efficacy...
2015: Parenting, Science and Practice
Robert H Bradley, Amy Pennar, Masumi Iida
OBJECTIVE: This study documents the strength of relations between key parent and child behaviors as they occur during typical encounters for both mothers and fathers and determines whether there were shifts in the strength of relations between parent and child behaviors during early and middle childhood. DESIGN: Multivariate multi-level modeling was used to examine associations between three parent behaviors (respect for autonomy, stimulation of development, hostility) and two child behaviors (agency, negativity) as they occurred in typical parent-child activities at four time points from 54 months through 5(th) grade for 817 families...
2015: Parenting, Science and Practice
Anna Silvia Bombi, Anna Di Norcia, Laura Di Giunta, Concetta Pastorelli, Jennifer E Lansford
OBJECTIVE: The present study uses a mixed qualitative and quantitative method to examine three main research questions: What are the practices that mothers report they use when trying to correct their children's misbehaviors? Are there common patterns of these practices? Are the patterns that emerge related to children's well-being? DESIGN: Italian mother-child dyads (N=103) participated in the study (when children were 8 years of age). At Time 1 (T1), mothers answered open-ended questions about discipline; in addition, measures of maternal physical discipline and rejection and child aggression were assessed in mothers and children at T1, one year later (T2), and two years later (T3)...
2015: Parenting, Science and Practice
Angela N Maupin, Nathan J Hayes, Linda C Mayes, Helena J V Rutherford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Parenting, Science and Practice
Nazly Dyer, Margaret Tresch Owen, Margaret O'Brien Caughy
OBJECTIVE: This article examines ethnic similarities and differences in profiles of mother-child interaction qualities for low-income African American and Latin American mothers and associations with preschoolers' emerging school readiness. DESIGN: Videotaped mother-child interactions were collected at age 2.5 years from a sample of African American (n = 192) and Latin American (n = 210) families. Profiles of maternal behavior were identified in person-centered within-group analyses of five ratings of maternal behavior from the videotaped interactions...
October 2014: Parenting, Science and Practice
Jason D Jones, Bonnie E Brett, Katherine B Ehrlich, Carl W Lejuez, Jude Cassidy
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has examined the developmental consequences, particularly in early childhood, of parents' supportive and unsupportive responses to children's negative emotions. Much less is known about factors that explain why parents respond in ways that may support or undermine their children's emotions, and even less is known about how these parenting processes unfold with adolescents. We examined the associations between mothers' attachment styles and their distress, harsh, and supportive responses to their adolescents' negative emotions two years later and whether these links were mediated by maternal emotion regulation difficulties...
January 1, 2014: Parenting, Science and Practice
Lixian Cui, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Michael M Criss, Benjamin J Houltberg, Jennifer S Silk
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated associations between parental psychological control and aggressive behavior and depressive symptoms among adolescents from predominantly disadvantaged backgrounds. The indirect effects of psychological control on adolescent adjustment through adolescent emotion regulation (anger and sadness regulation) were examined as well as the moderating effects of adolescent emotion regulation. DESIGN: 206 adolescents (ages 10-18) reported on parental psychological control and their own depressive symptoms, and parents and adolescents reported on adolescent emotion regulation and aggressive behavior...
January 1, 2014: Parenting, Science and Practice
Christine McCauley Ohannessian, Andres De Los Reyes
OBJECTIVE: This study examines relations between adolescents' and their mothers' perceptions of the family and adolescent anxiety symptomatology. DESIGN: Surveys were administered to 145 15- to 18-year-old adolescents and their mothers. RESULTS: Adolescents viewed the family more negatively than did their mothers. In addition, adolescent girls' perceptions of the family (satisfaction and communication) negatively predicted later adolescent anxiety symptomatology...
January 1, 2014: Parenting, Science and Practice
Z Wang, K Deater-Deckard, M A Bell
OBJECTIVE: Parents who attribute child misbehavior to children's intentions and dismiss situational factors tend to show more hostility and less warmth in their parenting behavior, and are at greater risk for maltreatment. We extended this literature by investigating the role of household chaos as a moderator of the link between maternal attribution biases and parenting behaviors. DESIGN: The current sample included 160 mothers of 3- to7-year-old children. Mothers provided reports on their attribution biases and household chaos levels...
October 1, 2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
Lucia Ciciolla, Keith A Crnic, Stephen G West
OBJECTIVE: Maternal sensitivity is a fundamental parenting construct and a determinant of positive child outcomes and healthy parent-child relationships. Few longitudinal studies have investigated determinants of sensitive parenting, particularly in a population of children at risk for developmental delay. DESIGN: This study modeled trajectories of maternal sensitivity observed in two independent parenting contexts at child ages 3-, 4-, and 5-years. The sample included N = 247 mother-child dyads, with n = 110 children classified as at risk for developmental delays...
July 1, 2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
Miguelina Germán, Nancy A Gonzales, Darya Bonds McClain, Larry Dumka, Roger Millsap
OBJECTIVE: This study examined maternal warmth as a moderator of the relation between harsh discipline practices and adolescent externalizing problems 1year later in low-income, Mexican American families. DESIGN: Participants were 189 adolescents and their mothers who comprised the control group of a longitudinal intervention program. RESULTS: Maternal warmth protected adolescents from the negative effects of harsh discipline such that, at higher levels of maternal warmth, there was no relation between harsh discipline and externalizing problems after controlling for baseline levels of externalizing problems and other covariates...
July 2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
Pamela M Cole, Emily N Ledonne, Patricia Z Tan
OBJECTIVE: This study examines how young children's emotion and behavior relate to maternal emotions concurrently and as a function of children's developmental changes in self-regulation. DESIGN: Mothers and their children (N = 120) participated in an 8 min waiting task at children's ages 18, 24, 36, and 48 months. Children's emotion expressions, misbehavior, and regulatory efforts were observed, and mothers rated their own emotions during the wait. RESULTS: Children's emotion and behavior and maternal emotions related in expected directions at most time points...
April 1, 2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
Laura Castro-Schilo, Emilio Ferrer, Zoe E Taylor, Richard W Robins, Rand D Conger, Keith F Widaman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined how parents' optimism influences positive parenting and child peer competence in Mexican-origin families. DESIGN: A sample of 521 families (521 mothers, 438 fathers, and 521 11-year-olds) participated in the cross-sectional study. We used structural equation modeling to assess whether effective parenting would mediate the effect of parents' optimism on child peer competence and whether mothers' and fathers' optimism would moderate the relation between positive parenting and child social competence...
April 1, 2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
Jennifer Hauser Kunz, John H Grych
OBJECTIVE: This study utilized an observational coding scheme to identify parenting behavior reflecting psychological control and autonomy granting and examined relations between these parenting dimensions and indices of child and family functioning. DESIGN: A community sample of 90 preadolescents (aged 10.5 to 12 years) and both of their parents engaged in a triadic interaction that was coded for parental psychological control and autonomy granting. Participants also completed measures of child adjustment, interparental conflict, and triangulation...
April 1, 2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
E Mark Cummings, Melissa R W George, Kalsea J Koss, Patrick T Davies
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to extend the investigation of parenting as an explanatory mechanism for relations between parental depressive symptoms and adolescent adjustment in the context of a four-wave longitudinal study. DESIGN: Participants were cohabiting parents and their 320 children (156 boys, 164 girls). Parental depressive symptoms were assessed in kindergarten (T1), parental negative responses to children's emotional distress in first grade (T2), children's representations of attachment with parents in second grade (T3), and adolescent adjustment in seventh grade (T4)...
2013: Parenting, Science and Practice
Sandra L Hofferth, Joseph H Pleck, Colleen K Vesely
OBJECTIVE: We address the extent to which parenting practices of fathers and mothers are associated with their sons' parenting behaviors as young adults and whether adolescent behavior explains this association. DESIGN: Data come from 409 young men interviewed in the 2006 Young Adult study of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. RESULTS: Men whose fathers were positively involved with them when growing up report more positive parenting of their own children, a direct effect. Less harsh mothering and more positive fathering are associated with reduced adolescent behavior problems, and positive mothering is associated with positive adjustment of these young men as adolescents...
October 1, 2012: Parenting, Science and Practice
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