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Current Molecular Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974831/decreased-expression-of-mypt1-contributes-to-tumor-angiogenesis-and-poor-patient-prognosis-in-human-prostate-cancer
#1
Y Liang, Y Zhuo, Z Lin, F Jiang, Q Dai, J Lu, W Dong, X Zhu, Z Han, W Zhong
BACKGROUND: Our previous study demonstrated that MYosin Phosphatase Targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) may function as a direct target of microRNA-30d, which promotes tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth of prostate cancer (PCa). Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical significance of MYPT1 expression and its functions in PCa. METHODS: Roles of MYPT1 deregulation in tumor angiogenesis of PCa was determined in vitro and in vivo experiments. Expression patterns of MYPT1 and CD31 proteins were examined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, respectively...
July 4, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974830/adipokine-visfatin-s-role-in-pathogenesis-of-diabesity-and-related-metabolic-derangements
#2
B Kumari, U C S Yadav
Visfatin is one of the prominent adipokines secreted by adipose tissue. The level of visfatin increases significantly in persons with obesity owing to increased body mass index (BMI). During obesity, the adipocytes which populate adipose tissue, undergo hypertrophy and hyperplasia and secrete a number of adipocytokines including visfatin. Visfatin, which also act as an enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase, is one of the prominent adipokines that influence metabolic homeostasis in the body. Visfatin exists in two forms, extracellular and intracellular, and enacts a multitude of actions...
July 4, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974829/znf424-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-proliferation-in-lung-carcinoma-cells
#3
W Liu, W Yuan, X Li, J Zhuang, X Mo, G Dai, Y Wang, J Chen, Y Wan, Y Li, X Zhu, Y Chen, S Luo, Z Jiang, Y Shi, F Chen, L Cao, X Ye, X Fan, P Zhu, K Zhang, X Wu
Previously, we showed that the Zinc finger-containing transcription factor ZNF424 inhibits p21 transcription, which has been widely associated with various cancers. However, because the roles of ZNF424 in tumorigenesis have not been characterized, we correlated ZNF424 expression with tumorigenesis in lung cancers. The present immunohistochemical analyses show significantly lower ZNF424 expression levels in 43 of 60 lung cancer tissues compared with adjacent tissues. Moreover, flow cytometry assays indicated that overexpression of ZNF424 induces apoptosis in A549 human lung carcinoma cells, and overexpression of ZNF424 significantly increases numbers of G1 phase cells and decreases numbers of S phase cells, suggesting that ZNF424 inhibits proliferation...
July 4, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974828/the-lepr-k109r-and-q223r-might-contribute-to-the-risk-of-nafld-a-meta-analysis
#4
X Pan, M Zheng, T Zou, W Liu, X Gu, X Zhang, X Cheng
BACKGROUND: Leptin and insulin resistances have been pointed out to play a role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Increasing genes were shown to be associated with the risk of NAFLD. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the genetic association between two leptin receptor (LEPR) polymorphisms (Q223R and K109R) and the NAFLD risk. METHODS: Studies were retrieved and included by using PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library databases, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Embase database...
July 4, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974827/hmga2-modulates-the-tgf%C3%AE-smad-tgf%C3%AE-erk-and-notch-signaling-pathways-in-human-lens-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#5
M Hou, X Bao, F Luo, X Chen, L Liu, M Wu
Multiple signaling pathways contribute to lens fibrosis, where transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ)-mediated signaling plays a central role. Canonical TGFβ/Smad signaling predominates, and noncanonical TGFβ/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling and Notch signaling contribute to TGFβ-triggered epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in lens epithelial cells (LECs). These three signaling pathways coordinately promote EMT. The mechanism of crosstalk among these pathways remains obscure. High mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) is an architectural transcription factor required for TGFβ to elicit EMT in mammary epithelial cells, and HMGA2 plays an important role in organ development and in the progression of many malignant neoplasms...
July 4, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974826/decreased-expression-of-tim-3-on-th17-cells-associated-with-ophthalmopathy-in-patients-with-graves-disease
#6
J Zhao, B Lin, H Deng, X Zhi, Y Li, Y Liu, P W Bible, Q Li, B Xu, L Wei, H Yang, D Huang
PURPOSE: Thyroid-associated Ophthalmopathy (TAO) is one of the most common orbital immunological diseases in adults. CD4+ helper T (Th) cells play important roles in the pathogenesis of TAO. But the mechanisms regulating CD4+ T cell activity is unclear. This study examines T cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain 3 (TIM-3) expression in helper T cell type 1 (Th1), Th17, and regulatory T cells in sufferers of TAO. METHODS: Participants were divided into 3 groups: patients with TAO, patients with Graves' disease but without orbitopathy (GD), and healthy control patients (HC)...
July 4, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886829/standing-still-for-a-bright-future
#7
EDITORIAL
David W Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663886/microrna-regulation-along-the-course-of-cellular-reprogramming-to-pluripotency
#8
M Ishtiaq, M Waseem, R Mehmood
Generation of patient-specific stem cells has been a long-held aim of many developmental biologists. Apart from providing a source for stem cell therapies, these cells have the potential to be utilized in a number of scenarios like disease modeling, drug screening and studying normal development. Various approaches have been used to reprogram terminally differentiated cells to a pluripotent state with varying efficiencies and limitations. The nuclear transfer had been the most successful method for reprogramming until recently...
April 15, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663884/advances-in-tumor-targeted-liposomes
#9
A Jain, S K Jain
Cancer remains a deadly disease for effective treatment. Although anomalous tumor microenvironment is now widely exploited for targeted chemotherapy, safe and efficacious drug delivery to tumor cells is not still warranted. Liposomes are promising biodegradable and biocompatible nanocarriers having potential amenability for surface and internal modifications, and extraordinary capability to carry both hydrophilic as well as hydrophobhic drugs. Meticulous fabrication of liposomes with tumor selective ligand(s) and PEGylation reduces immunogenicity and increase target-specificity...
April 15, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577856/blood-flow-regulates-zebrafish-caudal-vein-plexus-angiogenesis-by-erk5-klf2a-nos2b-signaling
#10
X Xie, T Zhou, Y Wang, H Chen, D Lei, L Huang, Y Wang, X Jin, T Sun, J Tan, T Yin, J Huang, H Gregersen, G Wang
Vascular network formation induced by angiogenesis plays an important role in many physiological and pathological processes. However, the role of blood flow and underlying mechanisms in vascular network formation, for example for the development of the caudal vein plexus (CVP), is poorly understood. In this study on tnnt2a-MO injection and chemical blood flow modulator treatment in zebrafish embryos, we demonstrated that decreased blood flow disrupted CVP formation. The hemodynamic force was quantitatively analyzed...
March 22, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437010/neuronal-expression-of-junctional-adhesion-molecule-c-is-essential-for-retinal-thickness-and-photoreceptor-survival
#11
Y Li, F Zhang, W Lu, X Li
BACKGROUND: Photoreceptor cell death is a key pathology of retinal degeneration diseases. To date, the molecular mechanisms for this pathological process remain largely unclear. Junctional adhesion molecule-c (Jam-c) has been shown to play important roles in different biological events. However, its effect on retinal neuronal cells is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Jam-c on adult mouse eyes, particularly, on retinal structure, vasculature and photoreceptor cells, in order to explore potential important target molecules for ocular diseases...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437009/the-bhlh-protein-nulp1-is-essential-for-femur-development-via-acting-as-a-cofactor-in-wnt-signaling-in-drosophila
#12
Q Zeng, Y Wan, P Zhu, M Zhao, F Jiang, J Chen, M Tang, X Zhu, Y Li, H Zha, Y Wang, M Hu, X Mo, Y Zhang, Y Chen, Y Chen, X Ye, R Bodmer, K Ocorr, Z Jiang, J Zhuang, W Yuan, X Wu
BACKGROUND: The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein families are a large class of transcription factors, which are associated with cell proliferation, tissue differentiation, and other important development processes. We reported that the Nuclear localized protein-1 (Nulp1) might act as a novel bHLH transcriptional factor to mediate cellular functions. However, its role in development in vivo remains unknown. METHODS: Nulp1 (dNulp1) mutants are generated by CRISPR/Cas9 targeting the Domain of Unknown Function (DUF654) in its C terminal...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437008/identification-of-a-good-prognosis-idh-mutant-like-population-of-patients-with-diffuse-gliomas
#13
Z Wang, X Liu, Z Wang, Z Bao, W Zhang, C Zhang, T Jiang
BACKGROUND: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation is the initiating event that defines major clinical and prognostic classes of gliomas, but the potential mechanisms have not been well interpreted yet. The main objective of the current study was to better understand the underlying biology of IDH mutant gliomas as captured by gene expression profiles. METHODS: RNA sequencing data of WHO grade II-IV gliomas from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA, N=325) were used to assess differentially expressed genes between IDH mutant and wild type gliomas and to construct a gene expression-based classifier to detect IDH mutant samples with high sensitivity and specificity...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424313/mesenchymal-stem-cells-inhibited-dendritic-cells-via-the-regulation-of-stat1-and-stat6-phosphorylation-in-experimental-autoimmune-uveitis
#14
L Dong, X Chen, H Shao, L Bai, X Li, X Zhang
PURPOSE: We have previously reported that MSCs inhibited experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) in rodent models induced by either uveitogenic antigens or antigen-specific T cells. In this study, we explored the inhibitory mechanisms of MSCs on dendritic cells (DCs) in EAU. METHODS: We collected the DCs from the lymph nodes of MSC treated or untreated EAU rats, as well as bone marrow derived DCs cultured in vitro with or without MSC treatment. The levels of costimulatory molecules of CD80, CD86, CD40, OX40L and suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS1, SOCS2, and SOCS3) on these DCs were analyzed by flow Cytometry...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424312/association-of-il33-and-il1rap-polymorphisms-with-acute-anterior-uveitis
#15
X-F Huang, W Chi, D Lin, M-L Dai, Y-L Wang, Y-M Yang, Z-B Jin, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: AAU (acute anterior uveitis) is the most common entity of uveitis characterized by acute vision loss and violent sore eyes. IL-33 and IL-1RacP have been found to play crucial roles in the innate immune system. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we investigated the association of IL33 and IL1RAP genes with AAU. METHOD: A total of 549 AAU patients and 1080 unrelated healthy controls were recruited for this study. Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped using Sequenom Mass ARRAY technology...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424311/how-to-deal-with-uveitis-patients
#16
P Yang, L Du, Z Ye
During the past nine years, our center has grown into the largest uveitis referral center in China. To deal with this increasing stream of patients we have developed a management system to coordinate communication with our patients, their referring ophthalmologists, consultations with other medical specialties and worldrenowned foreign uveitis specialists. We have established the biggest database of uveitis patients records allowing continuous analysis of clinical features and response to treatment of patients with various uveitis entities as well as the evaluation of the relevance of various ancillary tests performed in this patient group...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424310/elevated-interleukin-37-expression-associated-with-disease-activity-in-hla-b27-associated-anterior-uveitis-and-idiopathic-anterior-uveitis
#17
B Zhao, S Zhang, W Chen, R Zhang, R Jiang, R Zhang, L Chen
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Interleukin 37 (IL-37) is an important regulator of the anti-inflammatory T-cell response. In this study, we investigated its expression and function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with HLA-B27 associated acute anterior uveitis (AAU) and idiopathic AAU. METHODS: 15 patients with HLA-B27-associated AAU, 10 patients with idiopathic AAU and 22 controls were recruited to this study from August 2013 to December 2016...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424309/editorial-uveitis-pathology-molecular-mechanisms-and-therapy
#18
EDITORIAL
Peizeng Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256352/puerarin-stimulates-osteogenic-differentiation-and-bone-formation-through-the-erk1-2-and-p38-mapk-signaling-pathways
#19
X Yang, Y Yang, S Zhou, X Gong, Q Dai, P Zhang, L Jiang
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a world-wide health problem, which leads to decreased bone strength and increased susceptibility to fractures. Puerarin, a phytoestrogen extracted from Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi, has been identified as a promising intervention for preventing bone loss and promoting bone regeneration. However, the underlying mechanisms for its anabolic action are still not clear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of puerarin on the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and the possible molecular mechanism mediating its action...
March 9, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879888/loh12cr1-is-a-novel-tumor-suppressor-inhibiting-tumor-growth-through-deregulation-of-g1-s-checkpoint-in-human-colorectal-carcinoma
#20
H Huang, H Shen, Y Wang, X Wang, Q Chen, Y Wang, H Yan, Z Liu, X Shi
BACKGROUND: Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of 12p12-13 has been frequently found in various types of cancer. LOH12CR1 is one of the seven critical genes located within the 12p12-13 region. The protein encoded by LOH12CR1 is involved in the function of lysosomes and its other functions are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the potential roles of LOH12CR1 in the development of colorectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 174 colorectal cancer tissues were used to examine the protein level of LOH12CR1 by immunohistochemistry staining...
2018: Current Molecular Medicine
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