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NCSL Legisbrief

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296038/addressing-children%C3%A2-s-mental-health
#1
Alison Takkunen, Annie Zlevor
(1) Untreated mental disorders and mental illness in children can lead to costly outcomes such as school dropout, substance use and suicide. (2) Half of lifetime cases of mental illness begin by age 14 and 75 percent of all lifetime cases present by age 24. (3) Early intervention and access to treatment may decrease the financial and health burdens associated with mental illness.
October 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296036/improving-early-learning-state-legislative-actions-in-2018
#2
Adrienne Fischer
(1) Since 2002, annual state spending on preschool has increased from $2.4 billion to $7.6 billion. (2) Nineteen percent of the nearly 20 million children under age 5 in the U.S. live in poverty. (3) Forty-eight percent of children from low-income families are ready for school at age 5, compared with 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high incomes.
October 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199176/state-safe-bicycle-passing-laws
#3
Douglas Shinkle
(1) There were 840 bicyclist traffic deaths in 2016, the highest amount since 1991. (2) According to the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety, 45 percent of fatal bicycle crashes between 2008 and 2012 involved a vehicle hitting the bicyclist from behind or the side while traveling in the same direction. (3) Thirty-two states have a law requiring a motorist to provide at least 3 feet of space when passing a bicyclist.
August 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199174/home-visiting-improving-children-s-and-families-well-being
#4
Courtney L Harrison, Alison May
(1) Studies have found a $1.80 to $5.70 return on investment for every dollar spent on home visiting. (2) Nearly 4 million evidence-based home visits reached more than 300,000 families in 2016. (3) Approximately 40 percent of U.S. counties have at least one home visiting agency that offers an evidence-based program.
August 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199170/state-remedies-for-costly-prescription-drugs
#5
Richard Cauchi
(1) At least 74.7 million Americans use three or more prescription drugs in a 30-day period. (2) Eighty percent of the U.S. public views prescription drug costs as "unreasonable," while 17 percent say “reasonable,” according to a recent poll. (3) An influenza drug has a cash price of $100, but a patient with insurance may pay $125 because of a “gag clause” that restricts pharmacists from disclosing price options.
August 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999277/human-trafficking-and-the-health-care-system
#6
Lisa Waugh
(1) Human trafficking in the United States is believed to be on the rise, although comprehensive data is hard to come by. (2) At least 22 states have established funds to enhance their efforts to eradicate human trafficking. (3) Some states are working to educate the public about the National Human Trafficking Hotline, 1-888-373-7888 (TTY: 711).
April 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999271/examining-scope-of-practice-for-health-care-workers
#7
Sydne Edlund
Twenty-eight states have enacted scope of practice legislation since 2015. (1) Nearly 80 percent of nurse practitioners deliver primary care. (2) In rural and underserved areas, physician assistants may be the primary care providers at clinics where a physician is present only a few days a week.
April 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999263/learning-on-the-job-for-people-with-disabilities
#8
Josh Cunningham
Possessing the skills needed to successfully perform higher-paying jobs in the 21st century remains a significant barrier to employment for people with disabilities. (1) The labor participation rate for people with disabilities is 20 percent, compared to 68 percent for those without a disability. (2) The U.S. Army offers a summer apprenticeship program for high school students from groups historically under-represented in science, technology, engineering and math subjects, including students with disabilities...
March 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457882/unregulated-drinking-water-systems
#9
Doug Farquhar
(1)One in 9 Americans gets his or her drinking water from a private well. (2) An estimated 20 percent of private wells have contaminants above Environmental Protection Agency drinking water standards.(3) Disease outbreaks from private wells are increasing, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
February 2018: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320811/vaccination-policies-requirements-and-exemptions-for-entering-school
#10
Erik Skinner
(1) According to the World Health Organization, immunization prevents between 2 million to 3 million deaths every year across the world. (2) When immunization rates are high, herd immunity develops and limits the spread of the disease, which helps protect those who cannot be vaccinated. (3) Vaccination rates for measles, mumps and rubella vary across the United States, ranging from 85.6 percent in Washington, D.C., to 99.4 percent in Mississippi.
December 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236411/boosting-social-and-emotional-development-in-and-out-of-school
#11
Ashley Wallace, Jennifer Palmer
(1) Illinois' state ESSA plan reflects the state’s whole-child approach, adding references to the social, emotional and behavioral needs of students, along with high expectations for student achievement. (2) Massachusetts' state ESSA plan lists supporting socialemotional learning, health and safety as among the state's core educational strategies. (3) South Carolina's ESSA plan develops a framework identifying self-direction, perseverance, global perspective and interpersonal skills to be among the characteristics that every student should have when he or she graduates from high school...
November 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095579/oral-health-care-in-rural-america
#12
Erik Skinner, Tahra Johnson
(1) Rural Americans are twice as likely to lose their adult teeth as their urban counterparts. (2) Seventy-two percent of the country is classified as rural, but is home to only 15 percent of the population (46.2 million people). (3) According to the Pew Center on the States, rural residents are more likely to use emergency departments for their oral health needs because of a lack of dental insurance and a shortage of dental providers.
October 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095577/regulating-hemp-and-cannabis-based-products
#13
Mindy Bridges, Karmen Hanson
(1)Different state agencies often regulate the hemp and cannabis industries separately. (2) Pharmaceutical products derived from cannabis are currently in clinical trials for approval in the U.S. and other countries. One product is already approved for use in 29 countries, but not in the U.S. (3) In August 2017, NCSL unanimously approved a policy position supporting federal legislation to define industrial hemp as a distinct agricultural crop (containing 1 percent or less of THC) and allow states to regulate commercial hemp farming...
October 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853813/police-community-safety-and-trust
#14
Rich Williams
(1)In 2017 alone, 46 states have enacted over 270 laws affecting policing. (2) At least six states have enacted laws to train the public on their rights and expectations during police interactions. (3) Police are increasingly partnering with health care professionals to more safely respond to mental health and substance use disorders.
August 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715165/relaxing-school-suncreen-restrictions
#15
Joellen Kralik
(1) Utah, Delaware, Vermont, Minnesota and Idaho have the highest skin cancer rates of all U.S. states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2) Sunscreen is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration because it makes a "drug claim"--that it helps prevent sunburn and decreases the risks of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun. (3) In Europe and some other countries, sunscreens are regulated as cosmetics, not as drugs.
July 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715164/sexual-harassment-policies-and-training-in-state-legislatures
#16
Jonathan Griffin
(1) Sexual harassment is a violation of The Civil Rights Act of 1964. (2) Most states do not require employers to conduct sexual harassment training. (3) Most sexual harassment training for state legislators occurs at their orientation.
July 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715163/closing-the-opportunity-gap-in-early-childhood-education
#17
Isaac S Solano, Matt Weyer
(1) Nineteen percent of low-income families enroll in high-quality early childhood education, while 29 percent of high income families do. (2) African-American, Hispanic/Latino and low-income children enter kindergarten, on average, significantly behind in reading and math skills. (3) Gaps in math and reading achievement generally persist in fourth grade and are even larger by eighth grade.
July 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613458/tracking-rural-hospital-closures
#18
Samantha Scotti
(1) Over 50 percent of primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) were in rural areas in November 2016, according to the Health Resources and Services Administration. (2) Rural areas face a higher uninsured rate than metropolitan areas. (3) Rural hospitals tend to have low patient volume, a high portion of patients on Medicare and Medicaid, and a high number of uninsured patients.
June 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574236/improving-access-to-care-with-school-based-health-centers
#19
Emily Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467034/improving-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#20
Ann Morse, Rachel Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
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