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Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107079/influence-of-custom-made-and-stock-mouthguard-thickness-on-biomechanical-response-to-a-simulated-impact
#1
João Paulo Mendes Tribst, Amanda Maria de Oliveira Dal Piva, Alexandre Luiz Souto Borges, Marco Antonio Bottino
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mouthguards are dental devices able to soften the risks of facial trauma. However, the large variety of mouthguard types and thicknesses raises the question of each one is the most effective and beneficial for the athlete. The aim of this study was to evaluate stress distribution in the skull, teeth and jaw as a consequence of a direct impact. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using modeling software, a human skull was modeled and a human jaw was created with all teeth inserted into the respective alveolus...
August 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106233/facial-candidiasis-after-maxillofacial-trauma-a-rare-encounter
#2
Padmanidhi Agarwal, Ashi Chug, Shailesh Kumar, Shruti Gupta, Kanav Jain
Facial edema after maxillofacial trauma is a common occurrence, but those that soon resolve only to appear again do invoke interest! A rare case is presented of a recurring facial swelling occurring after a maxillofacial injury that did not resolve subsequent to medication. Aspiration revealed about 30 ml of pale yellow liquid which led to complete resolution of the swelling. It soon reappeared and resolved again twice in the next few days. Cytospin preparations of the aspirate stained with Giemsa revealed candidiasis...
August 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099842/unusual-sequelae-of-a-subluxated-primary-incisor-on-its-permanent-successor-tooth
#3
V Y Cho, R P Anthonappa, N M King
We certify that we have participated sufficiently in the intellectual content, writing this clinical report, to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have our name listed as a contributor. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under our authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 12, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053348/dental-trauma-in-social-media-analysis-of-facebook-content-and-public-engagement
#4
Suha Abu-Ghazaleh, Yazan Hassona, Susan Hattar
BACKGROUND/AIM: Social media sites such as Facebook are increasingly used to obtain healthcare related information. The aim of this study was to examine Facebook content on dental trauma and to assess public engagement with this content. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous account was created to search Facebook for information on dental trauma using the key words "dental trauma", "broken tooth", "tooth fracture "and "tooth trauma" over a period of one year (from 27-2-2017 to 27-2-2018)...
July 27, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007119/the-effect-of-immediate-controlled-forces-on-periodontal-healing-of-teeth-replanted-after-short-dry-time-in-dogs
#5
Cesar de Gregorio, Nestor Cohenca, Fabio Romano, Carolina Maschietto Pucinelli, Nathalie Cohenca, Martin Romero, Marilia Pacífico Lucisano, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva
BACKGROUND/AIM: The extra-alveolar dry period and storage medium in which a tooth is kept prior to replantation remain critical factors affecting the survival and repair potential of the periodontal ligament in avulsed teeth. When replantation is not immediate, replacement root resorption (RRR) is the most common complication. The aim of this histological study was to evaluate the effect of immediate controlled-orthodontic forces in periodontal healing of replanted teeth in a canine model...
July 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007109/oral-and-maxillofacial-trauma-in-motorcyclists-in-an-iranian-subpopulation
#6
Seyed Ali Mosaddad, Rasoul Gheisari, Maryam Erfani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Road traffic accidents are considered a major cause of oral and maxillofacial traumas. Given that many traumatic injuries and deaths involve motorcyclists, the aim of this study was to investigate this vulnerable group in terms of oral and maxillofacial injuries following accidents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 patients with oral and maxillofacial injuries at Shahid Rajaee Hospital in Shiraz, Iran, from April to September 2017...
July 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999586/custom-made-facemask-as-a-coadjuvant-in-the-postoperative-treatment-of-sport-related-facial-trauma-case-report
#7
Leonardo Santos Antunes, Ariane Ferraz Corrêa Torres, Gustavo Ferreira, Roberto Prado, Neide Pena Coto, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes
Maxillofacial injuries are a regular consequence of sport activities that can force athletes to take a long time off from training and competitions. One way to decrease the time that the athlete needs to get back to his or her training exercises after surgery is to use a custom facemask as a coadjuvant in the postoperative recovery phase. This case report describes the case of a 16-year-old male athlete who suffered facial trauma (orbitozygomatic fractures) during a soccer game. After surgery, a facemask was used during the postoperative phase...
July 12, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983006/evaluation-of-a-fluorescence-aided-identification-technique-fit-for-removal-of-composite-bonded-trauma-splints
#8
Christian Dettwiler, Christian Meller, Florin Eggmann, Fabio Saccardin, Sebastian Kühl, Andreas Filippi, Gabriel Krastl, Roland Weiger, Thomas Connert
BACKGROUND/AIM: Accurate removal of composite bonded titanium trauma splints (TTS) can be challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate a Fluorescence-aided Identification Technique (FIT) compared with a conventional light source (CT) for removal of trauma splints regarding loss of tooth substance, residual composite, and time taken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty maxillary models with six bovine teeth (13 - 23) were fabricated. An optical three-dimensional impression was taken and a TTS was applied from the 12 to 22 with two bonding sites on every tooth under standardized conditions using an etch-and-rinse adhesive and resin composite...
July 7, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953720/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-laser-doppler-flowmetry-in-assessing-pulp-blood-flow-in-permanent-teeth-a-systematic-review
#9
Nahar Ghouth, Monty S Duggal, Alaa BaniHani, Hani Nazzal
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pulp necrosis is a frequent complication following dental trauma. The diagnosis of the state of the dental pulp can be challenging as most commonly used diagnostic tools are subjective and rely on a response from the patient, potentially making their use unreliable, especially in the child population. The aim of the study was to systematically review the evidence on the use of laser Doppler flowmetry in the assessment of the pulp status of permanent teeth compared to other sensibility and/or vitality tests...
June 28, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932508/effect-of-the-anteroposterior-position-of-the-model-on-fabricated-mouthguard-thickness-part-2-influence-of-sheet-thickness-and-material
#10
Mutsumi Takahashi, Yogetsu Bando
AIM: Mouthguards can reduce the risk of sports-related injuries, but the sheet material and thickness have a large effect on their efficacy and safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the thickness of molded mouthguards when the model position on the forming table was changed stepwise in the anteroposterior direction for different sheet thicknesses and materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethylene vinyl acetate sheets and olefin copolymer sheets with 4.0 or 2...
June 22, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920939/mouthguard-sheet-temperature-after-heating
#11
Fumi Mizuhashi, Kaoru Koide
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mouthguard sheet materials such as ethylene vinyl acetate and polyolefin have been used commonly. However, the change of the sheet temperature during heating of the polyolefin has not been determined. The aim of this study was to examine the change of the sheet temperature during heating and to examine the vacuum-formed mouthguard characteristics for the sheet materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mouthguard materials used were 4.0-mm sheets of ethylene vinyl acetate and polyolefin...
June 19, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896936/understanding-patients-and-dentists-perspectives-in-dental-trauma-management-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Wataru Ode, Violeta Lopez, Mun Loke Wong, Lone Schou, Victoria Soo Hoon Yu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients suffering dental trauma are unprepared for the disability challenge and necessary rehabilitation, while a traumatic event places an expanded demand on the dentist who is focused on treating disease. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) on patients, and to compare patients' and dentists' perceptions of the event. MATERIAL AND METHODS: TDI patients (aged ≥ 21 years) attending a tertiary dental hospital from 2011 - 2013 and their dentists were recruited with informed consent...
June 13, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888490/in-vitro-tooth-reattachment-techniques-a-systematic-review
#13
Amanda Pinto Bandeira Rodrigues de Sousa, Kamilla França, Liliana Vicente Melo de Lucas Rezende, Déborah Lousan do Nascimento Poubel, Julio César Franco Almeida, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Fernanda Cristina Pimentel Garcia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fragment reattachment is a procedure that offers advantages, such as preservation of dental structure and maintenance of color, shape and translucency of the original tooth. The aim of this study was to analyze the reattachment techniques used to restore anterior teeth fractured by trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane and Scopus databases were searched in October 2016, and the search was updated in February 2017...
June 11, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869831/morbidity-of-teeth-in-mandibular-fracture-lines-a-retrospective-study
#14
Mouetaz Kheirallah, Sameer Ozzo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Teeth in mandibular fracture lines is common in maxillofacial trauma, but their retention or extraction is a matter of controversy. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to retaining or extracting teeth situated in mandibular fracture lines and to decide the best treatment option. METHODS: The study included 115 patients with a single mandibular fracture that had a tooth in the line of fracture. All patients were evaluated for complications and pulp status...
June 5, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856524/effects-of-lectin-scll-on-osteoclast-like-multinucleated-giant-cells-maturation-a-preliminary-in-vitro-study
#15
Manuella Verdinelli de Paula Reis, Gabriela Leite de Souza, Camilla Christian Gomes Moura, Marcus Vinícius da Silva, Maria Aparecida Souza, Priscilla Barbosa Ferreira Soares, Carlos José Soares
BACKGROUND/AIM: Lectin (ScLL) has been recently evaluated in the oral cavity due to its anti-inflammatory activities. ScLL could be a promising agent for blocking osteoclast activity and preventing root resorption. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ScLL on the viability of the RAW 264.7 macrophage lineage, osteoclast-like maturation and the release of TNF-α and nitric oxide (NO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The viability of RAW 264.7 cells was determined by MTT and Alamar Blue assays after ScLL treatment for 24 h...
June 1, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806101/effect-of-propolis-on-preserving-human-periodontal-ligament-cells-and-regulating-pro-inflammatory-cytokines
#16
X J Yuan, Y Y Wang, B Q Shi, Y M Zhao
BACKGROUND/AIM: Propolis has been suggested as a storage medium for avulsed teeth. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Brazilian propolis with Hank's balanced salt solution and milk in maintaining the viability of human periodontal ligament cells, their osteogenic differentiation potential, and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cell Counting Kit 8 assays were performed to test human periodontal ligament cell viability in different storage media...
May 27, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603635/the-impact-of-crown-fracture-in-the-permanent-dentition-on-children-s-quality-of-life
#17
Josiane P Soares, Jéssica C Barasuol, Fernanda M Torres, Angela Giacomin, Bruna M Gonçalves, Daniele Klein, Adriano F Borgatto, Maria L Ramos-Jorge, Mariane Cardoso, Michele Bolan
BACKGROUND/AIM: Among the diseases related to oral health, traumatic dental injuries (TDI) can lead to pain, loss of function and aesthetic problems, with physical, emotional and social consequences for children and their families. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between enamel fracture and enamel-dentin fracture with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study had a representative sample of 1589 children between 8-10 years of age from public schools...
June 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573129/effect-of-periodontal-ligament-removal-with-gauze-prior-to-delayed-replantation-in-rabbit-incisors-on-rate-of-replacement-resorption
#18
Manal Maslamani, Bobby Joseph, Severino Gabato, Lars Andersson
BACKGROUND/AIM: Delayed (dry storage > 60 minutes) replantation results in ankylosis and replacement resorption. It has been suggested to remove the non-viable periodontal ligament before replantation to possibly reduce the rate of replacement resorption. However there has been no study on the rate of replacement resorption after such measures. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was any difference in the rate of replacement resorption by either removing the periodontal ligament (PDL) with gauze or not removing PDL in teeth subjected to delayed replantation followed by healing for 2 or 6 weeks...
June 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569840/traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-and-severity-among-16-year-old-pupils-in-western-norway
#19
Magnus Bratteberg, Dorina S Thelen, Kristin S Klock, Asgeir Bårdsen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Published data on prevalence and severity of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in Norway are limited. The aims of this study were to assess prevalence, distribution and severity of TDI in the permanent dentition of 16-year-old pupils in western Norway. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study, including historical clinical data, was conducted among 16-year-old high school pupils in the County of Hordaland, western Norway. First-grade pupils attending high school, born in 1997, were invited to participate (n = 5184)...
June 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533502/the-effect-of-cathepsin-k-inhibitor-surface-treatment-on-delayed-tooth-replantation-in-dogs
#20
Youngil Kwon, Hyunjung Ko, Soojung Kim, Miri Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: Continuous research efforts have been focusing on promoting healing of delayed replantation of avulsed teeth. The aim of this in vivo study was to assess the effect of cathepsin K inhibitor surface treatment on delayed tooth replantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four premolar roots of 4 beagle dogs were extracted, and conventional root canal treatment was performed. The canals were filled with gutta-percha and cement. All extracted teeth were air-dried for 1 hour...
June 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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