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Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525313/mouthguard-sheet-temperature-after-heating-under-pressure-former
#1
Fumi Mizuhashi, Kaoru Koide, Ryo Mizuhashi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Ethylene vinyl acetate and polyolefin sheets have been used commonly for fabricating mouthguards. However, the change of the sheet temperature during heating of the polyolefin has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of changing the sheet temperature during heating and to examine whether there were any differences between the sheet materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mouthguard materials used were 4.0 mm sheets of ethylene vinyl acetate and polyolefin...
December 7, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501002/association-of-occlusal-characteristics-with-the-occurrence-of-dental-trauma-in-preschool-children-a-case-control-study
#2
Ednele Primo-Miranda, Márcio Alexandre Homem, Débora Souza Souto, Amanda Dias Stetler, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Occlusal features may increase the risk of dental trauma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of occlusal characteristics on the occurrence of dental trauma in preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted with a representative sample of 200 children three to five years of age enrolled at private and public preschools in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. The case and control groups were matched for gender, age and type of preschool (public or private) at a ratio of 1:1 (100 cases and 100 controls)...
November 30, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30481393/satisfaction-with-shortening-the-palatal-extension-of-a-mouthguard-for-water-polo-players-a-randomized-crossover-study
#3
Àngel Gómez-Gimeno, Carla Zamora-Olave, Marina Cordobés-Navarro, Eva Willaert, Jordi Martinez-Gomis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Approximately 50% of water polo players have suffered orofacial injuries. However, fewer than 8% of players wear a mouthguard. A more comfortable mouthguard design is therefore needed to increase compliance. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of reducing the palatal extension of a custom-made mouthguard on the degree of satisfaction with a mouthguard among water polo players. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen elite water polo players participated in this randomized crossover trial...
November 27, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30480872/calcific-metamorphosis-of-the-pulp-following-extrusive-luxation
#4
Alfredo Franco Queiroz, Mirian Marubayashi Hidalgo, Alberto Consolaro, Sônia Regina Panzarini, Alline Batistussi França, Willian Ricardo Pires, Wilson Roberto Poi
BACKGROUND/AIM: The literature on the pathogenesis of extrusive dental luxation has been focused on periodontal tissue responses, with little attention given to the pulp. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of dental pulp of teeth following extrusive luxation in a rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The maxillary right central incisors of 30 rats were extensively luxated and repositioned after 5 minutes. The animals were euthanized after 7, 15, and 30 days to provide three groups: I, II and III, respectively (n=10)...
November 27, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30466155/three-dimensional-finite-element-stress-analysis-of-teeth-adjacent-to-a-traumatized-incisor
#5
Andomar Bruno Fernandes Vilela, Priscilla Barbosa Ferreira Soares, Guilherme de Araújo Almeida, Crisnicaw Veríssimo, Monise de Paula Rodrigues, Antheunis Versluis, Carlos José Soares
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dental trauma is the cause of several consequences to the injured tooth, however, the stresses and strains at adjacent teeth non-directly impacted as a possible cause of sequelaes are still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution in incisors adjacent to an upper central incisor when it suffers a frontal impact, in order to identify a potential explanation for sequelae in non-traumatized teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) finite element model of the maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines was created from a cone-beam scan of a patient with normal occlusion...
November 22, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402998/effects-of-loss-of-consciousness-on-maxillofacial-fractures-in-simple-falls
#6
Shunsuke Hino, Miki Yamada, Ryuichiro Araki, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Loss of consciousness while falling is reported to increase the risk of more severe injury. However, few studies of maxillofacial injuries have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of loss of consciousness on maxillofacial fractures in falls on a level surface (simple falls). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with maxillofacial fractures caused by simple falls were subdivided into two categories: patients who fell without loss of consciousness, and patients who fell with loss of consciousness, according to the Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Syncope (version 2009)...
November 7, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318843/dentists-knowledge-of-dental-trauma-based-on-the-international-association-of-dental-traumatology-guidelines-a-survey-in-south-brazil
#7
Rafael Chies Hartmann, Bárbara Romagna Rossetti, Lucas Siqueira Pinheiro, José Antonio Poli de Figueiredo, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Maximiliano S Gomes, Maristela Gutierrez de Borba
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dental trauma is a public health issue with a high prevalence in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge of dentists in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, of the management of traumatic dental injuries, using the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) Guidelines as a reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire investigating personal and professional characteristics and 12 questions about dento-alveolar trauma, was sent to all registered dentists of the Regional Council of Dentistry of Rio Grande do Sul (n=14 753)...
October 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307124/the-relationship-of-previous-dental-trauma-with-new-cases-of-dental-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Marcela Baraúna Magno, Aline Borburema Neves, Daniele Masterson Ferreira, Matheus Melo Pithon, Lucianne Cople Maia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Traumatic dental injuries (TDI) are a public health concern with high prevalence and recurrence rate. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether previous dental trauma is a predictive factor for new episodes of TDI (recurrence or first episodes). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic searches were performed with no language or date restrictions. According to the PECOS strategy, cohort studies that investigated subjects with and without previous TDI, and its association with new TDI episodes, as primary or secondary outcomes, were included...
October 11, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300475/thermoforming-method-to-effectively-maintain-mouthguard-thickness-effect-of-moving-the-model-position-just-before-vacuum-formation
#9
Mutsumi Takahashi, Yogetsu Bando
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mouthguards can reduce the risk of sports-related injuries but the sheet material and thickness have a large effect on their efficacy and safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the thermoforming technique that moves the model position just before vacuum formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethylene vinyl acetate sheets of 4.0-mm thickness and a vacuum forming machine were used. The working model was placed with its anterior rim positioned 40 mm from the front of the forming table...
October 9, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300474/the-association-of-childhood-sleep-problems-with-the-prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injury-in-schoolchildren
#10
Sara Regina Barancelli Todero, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante-Leão, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Nelson Luis Barbosa Rebellato, Fernanda Morais Ferreira
BACKGROUND/AIM: Sleep quality exerts an influence on attention level and motor skills and is associated with accidental injuries in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between traumatic dental injury and sleep behaviour in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a small city in southern Brazil with a representative sample of schoolchildren aged eight to ten years (n = 537). Weight and height were measured and examinations were performed for the determination of clinical occlusion and traumatic dental injury...
October 9, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296000/long-term-retention-of-avulsed-maxillary-permanent-incisors-replanted-after-prolonged-non-physiological-storage
#11
Ralf Krug, Karin Kremeier, Gabriel Krastl
Ankylosis and external replacement resorption (ERR) are two typical biological responses to delayed replantation of avulsed teeth in cases where adequate root canal treatment is performed. The patient's growth stage affects the progression of root resorption and the long-term outcome of the affected teeth. This case report describes the long-term outcome of an 18.5-year-old patient following an accident in which both of his maxillary central incisors were avulsed and replanted after four hours of non-physiological storage...
October 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295996/effect-of-mouthguard-design-on-retention-and-potential-issues-arising-with-usability-in-sport
#12
Raya Karaganeva, Susan Pinner, David Tomlinson, Adrian Burden, Rebecca Taylor, Julian Yates, Keith Winwood
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mouthguard retention could potentially increase an athlete's motivation to wear the device, due to potential improvements in physical comfort. The aim of the present study was to examine the retentive properties of selected customised mouthguard designs, during normal conditions (dry) and within the presence of artificial saliva (wet). Additionally, the correlation between thickness and retention was investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six different custom mouthguard designs (MG1 - MG6) reported in previous studies, were pressure-formed with 2 mm and 4 mm blanks accordingly...
October 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248238/validation-and-usability-of-a-mobile-phone-application-for-epidemiological-surveillance-of-traumatic-dental-injuries
#13
Carlos Zaror, Gerardo Espinoza-Espinoza, Claudia Atala-Acevedo, Patricia Muñoz-Millán, Yunhan Li, Ken Clarke, Juan Onetto, Jaime Díaz, Kerrod Hallet, David Manton, Rodrigo Mariño
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic dental injuries (TDI) are a public health problem, given their prevalence and consequences. However, their epidemiology is uncertain due to a general lack of quality data capture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and usability of a mobile phone-based application for community-based surveillance of traumatic dental injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile phone-based application, Dental Trauma Tracker (DTT), was developed...
September 24, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246372/traumatic-dental-injury-incidence-of-unseen-children
#14
Didem Oner Ozdas, Sevgi Zorlu, Pinar K Karataban
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a lack of information about the incidence of dental trauma in Turkish children with disabilities and those in detention centers. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of dental trauma in two groups estimated to have high-potential risk, young prisoners and disabled children, compared with healthy peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 530 children were included in the study. The participants were divided into three groups: Disability Group (n=238), Imprisoned Children Group (n=231) and school children (n=61) as the Control Group...
September 23, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222244/the-use-of-mouthguards-and-prevalence-of-dento-alveolar-trauma-among-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Loyse M Fernandes, José Cordeiro L Neto, Thiago F R Lima, Marcela B Magno, Bianca M Santiago, Yuri W Cavalcanti, Leopoldina de Fátima Dantas de Almeida
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The evidence that mouthguards prevent dental trauma is inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine, through a systematic review and meta-analysis (MA), the impact of mouthguards (MG) on the prevalence of dento-alveolar trauma (DT) among athletes of contact sports. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed at Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE without restriction of language or publication date. After the application of eligibility criteria, studies were evaluated regarding their methodology quality and risk of bias...
September 17, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221822/family-environment-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-adolescents
#16
Sofia Sideri, Wagner Marcenes, Stephen A Stansfeld, Eduardo Bernabé
BACKGROUND/AIMS: No comprehensive assessment of the influence of the home environment on traumatic dental injuries (TDI) has been conducted to date. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between family environment and TDI among adolescents from East London. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from 646 adolescents who participated in phase III of the Research with East London Adolescents Community Health Survey (RELACHS). Family environment was measured with four indicators (non-nuclear family, discordant parental relationship and levels of parental support and parental punishment) measured through a self-administered questionnaire...
September 17, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218627/dentofacial-traumatic-injuries-a-survey-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-emergency-medicine-physicians-in-turkey
#17
Yavuz Yigit, Dilek Helvacioglu-Yigit, Bahadir Kan, Cansu Ilgen, Serkan Yilmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: Emergency department (ED) visits for dental issues are mostly related to traumatic injuries. The knowledge of ED physicians about diagnosis and treatment of dentofacial injuries is crucial for prognosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude and knowledge as well as education and self-confidence levels of emergency medicine physicians in ED regarding the diagnosis and treatment of dentofacial traumatic injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 109 emergency medicine physicians participated in the study...
September 15, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411510/traumatic-dental-injuries-are-now-the-5th-most-prevalent-disease-injury-in-the-world-but-they-are-being-neglected
#18
EDITORIAL
Paul Abbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117639/frequency-of-crown-and-root-dilaceration-of-permanent-incisors-after-dental-trauma-to-their-predecessor-teeth
#19
Camila Silva de Amorim, Gabriela Caldeira Andrade Americano, Luiz Flávio Martins Moliterno, Mirian de Waele Souchois de Marsillac, Márcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, Vera Campos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dental trauma to the predecessor teeth can cause crown and root dilacerations to the successor teeth, which can interfere with the normal development of permanent teeth. The aims of this study were to verify the types of trauma more frequent to the predecessor teeth that cause dilaceration to their successor teeth, to determine the frequency of crown and root dilacerations in permanent incisors, taking into account the child's age at the time of trauma, and to describe the types of treatment performed...
December 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053348/dental-trauma-in-social-media-analysis-of-facebook-content-and-public-engagement
#20
Suha Abu-Ghazaleh, Yazan Hassona, Susan Hattar
BACKGROUND/AIM: Social media sites such as Facebook are increasingly used to obtain healthcare-related information. The aim of this study was to examine Facebook content on dental trauma and to assess public engagement with this content. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous account was created to search Facebook for information on dental trauma using the key words "dental trauma," "broken tooth," "tooth fracture," and "tooth trauma" over a period of 1 year (from February 27, 2017, to February 27, 2018)...
December 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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