journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878510/influence-of-perioperative-complication-severity-on-1-and-2-year-outcomes-of-low-back-surgery
#1
James Grainger, Thomas Hammett, Robert Isaacs, Chad Cook
BACKGROUND: Several factors potentially influence outcomes of surgery, including perioperative complications. Complications may take many forms and the Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification is designed to categorize them by degree of severity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of perioperative complications by severity categorization on the 1-and 2-year pain and disability outcomes for patients who received low back surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data used for the study involved a purposive sample (N = 477; 8...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848054/incidence-and-predictive-risk-factors-of-postoperative-sepsis-in-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#2
Nikita Lakomkin, Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Brandon Wick, Michelle S Shen, A Alex Jahangir, Hassan Mir, William T Obremskey, Ashley C Dodd, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sepsis is associated with high mortality and the national costs of septicemia exceed those of any other diagnosis. While numerous studies in the basic orthopedic science literature suggest that traumatic injuries facilitate the development of sepsis, it is currently unclear whether orthopedic trauma patients are at increased risk. The purpose of this study was thus to assess the incidence of sepsis and determine the risk factors that significantly predicted septicemia following orthopedic trauma surgery...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848053/tourniquet-use-during-total-knee-arthroplasty-does-not-modulate-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-pain-or-activity
#3
Tyler Barker, Victoria E Rogers, Kimberly B Brown, Vanessa T Henriksen, G Lynn Rasmussen
: The purpose of our study was to identify the influence of tourniquet use during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) shortly after surgery and patient-reported outcomes (pain and physical activity) from outpatient physical therapy. This retrospective study consisted of 104 subjects who underwent primary unilateral TKA (51 subjects with and 53 subjects without tourniquet assistance) between 2010 and 2012. The NLR was calculated from the absolute neutrophil and lymphocyte counts obtained immediately before and after (1 and 2 days) knee arthroplasty...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771808/systematized-water-content-calculation-in-cartilage-using-t1-mapping-mr-estimations-design-and-validation-of-a-mathematical-model
#4
J M Shiguetomi-Medina, J L Ramirez-Gl, H Stødkilde-Jørgensen, B Møller-Madsen
BACKGROUND: Up to 80 % of cartilage is water; the rest is collagen fibers and proteoglycans. Magnetic resonance (MR) T1-weighted measurements can be employed to calculate the water content of a tissue using T1 mapping. In this study, a method that translates T1 values into water content data was tested statistically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To develop a predictive equation, T1 values were obtained for tissue-mimicking gelatin samples. 1.5 T MRI was performed using inverse angle phase and an inverse sequence at 37 (±0...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770338/alteration-of-inflammatory-cytokine-production-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-antibiotic-loaded-bone-cement
#5
Vajara Wilairatana, Peerasit Sinlapavilawan, Sittisak Honsawek, Noppachart Limpaphayom
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare serum levels of interleukin-6 (SIL6), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and joint fluid IL-6 (JIL-6) level between total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that used bone cement (BC group) and antibiotic-loaded bone cement (ALBC group). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (40 TKAs) with a mean age of 69.6 years were non-randomly assigned to the BC or ALBC groups. Samples of SIL6, ESR, and CRP were collected at baseline and at 24 h, 72 h, and 4 weeks after surgery...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770337/current-concepts-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-eosinophilic-granuloma-of-bone
#6
Andrea Angelini, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Eugenio Rimondi, Giuseppe Rossi, Pietro Ruggieri
This review summarizes current concepts in the diagnosis and management of the patients with eosinophilic granuloma. Given the benign biology, the clinical course, and the pediatric group of patients that this condition more commonly affects, a treatment approach that carries a lower risk of complications while ensuring a successful cure is desirable. Variable treatment options have been reported with satisfactory results and a recurrence rate of less than 20 %. In this setting, symptomatic lesions that are accessible in the spine or the extremities may be treated with intralesional methylprednisolone injection after tissue biopsy for histological diagnosis...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770336/a-prospective-multi-center-study-of-intramedullary-nailing-vs-casting-of-stable-tibial-shaft-fractures
#7
William T Obremskey, Norele Cutrera, Christopher M Kidd
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine optimal treatment of stable tibial shaft fractures using intramedullary nailing (IMN) or casting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a multi-center prospective study cohort. Patients with stable tibia shaft fractures meeting Sarmiento's criteria (isolated closed fractures with less than 12 mm of shortening and 10° of angulation) were enrolled prospectively and treated with either a reamed IMN with static interlocking screws or closed reduction followed by long-leg casting...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738773/factors-predicting-outcome-in-whiplash-injury-a-systematic-meta-review-of-prognostic-factors
#8
Pooria Sarrami, Elizabeth Armstrong, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris
BACKGROUND: Whiplash injuries are among the leading injuries related to car crashes and it is important to determine the prognostic factors that predict the outcome of patients with these injuries. This meta-review aims to identify factors that are associated with outcome after acute whiplash injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search for all systematic reviews on outcome prediction of acute whiplash injury was conducted across several electronic databases...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709362/physeal-histological-morphology-after-thermal-epiphysiodesis-using-radiofrequency-ablation
#9
Juan Manuel Shiguetomi-Medina, B Møller-Madsen, O Rahbek
BACKGROUND: Several treatments have been described for leg length discrepancy. Epiphysiodesis is the most commonly used because of its effectiveness. Thermal epiphysiodesis using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) alters the growth plate morphology without damaging the adjacent articular cartilage; it is a minimally invasive method that has shown excellent results in animal models. This study describes the macro and micro morphology after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epiphysiodesis using RFA was performed in vivo for 8 min (92-98 °C) at two ablation sites (medial and lateral) in one randomly-selected tibia in eight growing pigs...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699494/survival-and-clinical-results-of-a-modified-crosse-de-hockey-procedure-for-chronic-isolated-patellofemoral-joint-osteoarthritis-mid-term-follow-up
#10
Hiroaki Kanazawa, Yuichiro Maruyama, Katsuo Shitoto, Minoru Yokoyama, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: The optimum treatment for isolated patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJ-OA) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the mid-term clinical results of a modified crosse de hockey procedure for the treatment of isolated PFJ-OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 37 knees in 31 patients treated by a modified crosse de hockey procedure. The mean age was 57.6 years (range, 46-75 years) and mean follow-up was 90.1 months (range, 24-216 months)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623841/the-greek-version-of-shoulder-pain-and-disability-index-spadi-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-in-patients-with-rotator-cuff-tear
#11
S Vrouva, C Batistaki, E Koutsioumpa, D Kostopoulos, E Stamoulis, G Kostopanagiotou
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt a Greek version of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) questionnaire and to validate its usage in Greek patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A forward and backward translation was performed, and the final version of the Greek questionnaire was administered to 134 outpatients (mean age 47.4 ± 14.5) with rotator cuff tear under conservative treatment. The questionnaire was re-administered 2-5 days later to assess test-retest reliability...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358200/high-tibial-osteotomy-in-the-acl-deficient-knee-with-medial-compartment-osteoarthritis
#12
REVIEW
Benjamin V Herman, J Robert Giffin
High tibial osteotomy (HTO) has traditionally been used to treat varus gonarthrosis in younger, active patients. Varus malalignment increases the risk of progression of medial compartment osteoarthritis and an HTO can be performed to realign the mechanical axis of the lower limb towards the lateral compartment, thereby decreasing contact pressures in the medial compartment. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency may lead to post-traumatic arthritis due to altered joint loading and associated injuries to the menisci and articular cartilage...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312248/a-comparative-study-of-two-percutaneous-pinning-techniques-lateral-vs-medial-lateral-for-gartland-type-iii-pediatric-supracondylar-fracture-of-the-humerus
#13
Kumar Prashant, Devendra Lakhotia, Tulsi Das Bhattacharyya, Anil Kumar Mahanta, Aakhil Ravoof
BACKGROUND: The management of displaced supracondylar fracture of the humerus with closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation is the most widely accepted method of treatment, but controversy continues regarding the pin fixation techniques. A prospective randomized controlled study was undertaken to compare the stability, functional outcome and iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury between lateral pin fixation and medial-lateral pin fixation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty-two patients with Gartland type III supracondylar fracture of the humerus were randomized into two groups-lateral pin fixation (n = 31) and medial-lateral pin fixation (n = 31)...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306444/evaluation-and-treatment-of-failed-shoulder-instability-procedures
#14
REVIEW
Anthony G Ho, Ashok L Gowda, J Michael Wiater
Management of the unstable shoulder after a failed stabilization procedure can be difficult and challenging. Detailed understanding of the native shoulder anatomy, including its static and dynamic restraints, is necessary for determining the patient's primary pathology. In addition, evaluation of the patient's history, physical exam, and imaging is important for identifying the cause for failure after the initial procedure. Common mistakes include under-appreciation of bony defects, failure to recognize capsular laxity, technical errors, and missed associated pathology...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289468/risk-factors-for-distant-metastasis-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans
#15
Keiko Hayakawa, Seiichi Matsumoto, Keisuke Ae, Taisuke Tanizawa, Tabu Gokita, Yuki Funauchi, Noriko Motoi
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) may recur locally but rarely metastasizes. Fibrosarcomatous transformation in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (FS-DFSP) is said to have worse prognosis compared with ordinary DFSP (O-DFSP). Since DFSP rarely metastasizes, there have been few reports summarizing data on distant metastasis cases at single institution. The aim of this retrospective study is to review DFSP cases in order to analyze risk factors for metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study involved 67 patients...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160183/medial-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-acl-deficient-knee
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Mancuso, Christopher A Dodd, David W Murray, Hemant Pandit
Symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee develops often in association with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. Two distinct pathologies should be recognised while considering treatment options in patients with end-stage medial compartment OA and ACL deficiency. Patients with primary ACL deficiency (usually traumatic ACL rupture) can develop secondary OA (typically presenting with symptoms of instability and pain) and these patients are typically young and active. Patients with primary end stage medial compartment OA can develop secondary ACL deficiency (usually degenerate ACL rupture) and these patients tend to be older...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015892/the-linea-aspera-as-a-guide-for-femoral-rotation-after-tumor-resection-is-it-directly-posterior-a-technical-note
#17
Ahmed Hamed Kassem Abdelaal, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Ahmad Fawaz Morsy, Yoshitomo Kajino, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
BACKGROUND: The linea aspera is the rough, longitudinal crest on the posterior surface of the femoral shaft. Most orthopedic surgeons depend on the linea aspera as an intraoperative landmark identifying the true posterior aspect of the femur. We investigated the position of the linea aspera to verify whether the surgeon can rely on this accepted belief. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred and thirty-three femora from 73 patients were evaluated. Four CT cuts were done of the mid femur, and we measured the angle of rotation of the linea aspera at each cut...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883439/steinmann-pin-augmentation-versus-locking-plate-constructs
#18
Jeremy Ruskin, Paolo Caravaggi, Kathleen S Beebe, Sondra Corgan, Linda Chen, Richard S Yoon, Francis R Patterson, John S Hwang
BACKGROUND: Aggressive bone neoplasms, such as giant cell tumors, often affect the proximal tibia warranting bony resection via curettage leaving behind massive defects that require extensive reconstruction. Reconstruction is usually accomplished with poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) packing supplemented with an internal fixation construct. The purpose of this study is to compare Steinmann pin augmentation to locking plate constructs to determine which offers the stiffer reconstruction option...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879890/curettage-with-cement-augmentation-of-large-bone-defects-in-giant-cell-tumors-with-pathological-fractures-in-lower-extremity-long-bones
#19
Som P Gupta, Gaurav Garg
BACKGROUND: Thorough curettage and cement augmentation is the procedure of choice for treating giant cell tumor lesions, particularly those associated with large defects. Its association with pathological fractures has not been studied to a great extent, although a pathological fracture following a giant cell tumor is not a contraindication to treatment by curettage and cementation. We present our experience of bone cementation following intralesional curettage for treatment of giant cell tumors of the long bones of lower limbs with associated pathological fractures...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868419/the-feasibility-of-transpedicular-screw-fixation-of-the-subaxial-cervical-spine-in-the-arab-population-a-computed-tomography-based-morphometric-study
#20
Osama Al-Saeed, Yousef Marwan, Osama Rabie Kombar, Ahmed Samir, Mehraj Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Transpedicular screw fixation of the cervical spine provides excellent biomechanical stability. The feasibility of inserting a 3.5-mm screw in the pedicle requires a minimum pedicle diameter of 4.5 mm. This diameter allows at least 0.5 mm bony bridge medially and laterally in order to avoid pedicle violation which can result in neurovascular complications. We aim to evaluate the feasibility of this technique in Arab people since no data are available about this population...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
journal
journal
39294
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"