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Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741030/hidden-and-overall-haemorrhage-following-minimally-invasive-and-open-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#1
Yang Yang, Liangming Zhang, Bin Liu, Mao Pang, Peigen Xie, Zihao Chen, Wenbin Wu, Feng Feng, Limin Rong
BACKGROUND: Hidden haemorrhage has been proved to be significant in joint surgery. However, when referring to lumbar interbody fusion, it is often ignored because of its invisibility. This randomized controlled study aimed to calculate and compare hidden haemorrhage following minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF and open TLIF). Meanwhile, its clinical significance was also analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients were included in this study, then they were randomized to receive MIS-TLIF or open TLIF, 21 and 20, respectively...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741029/subtrochanteric-femoral-shortening-osteotomy-combined-with-cementless-total-hip-replacement-for-crowe-type-iv-developmental-dysplasia-a-retrospective-study
#2
Giuseppe Rollo, Giuseppe Solarino, Giovanni Vicenti, Girolamo Picca, Massimiliano Carrozzo, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement for high dislocation of the hip presents some difficulties, considering patients' young ages, the abnormal hip anatomy and the high rate of complications. In this study, we present our experience in terms of clinical and radiological results in the treatment of Crowe type IV hips with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy and cementless total hip replacement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with Crowe type IV hip dysplasia (two bilateral cases for a total of 17 hips) treated with cementless total hip replacement associated with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomies (nine transversal and eight Z-shape osteotomies) between March 2000 to February 2006...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710547/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-kerlan-jobe-orthopaedic-clinic-shoulder-and-elbow-score
#3
Giovanni Merolla, Katia Corona, Gustavo Zanoli, Simone Cerciello, Stefano Giannotti, Giuseppe Porcellini
BACKGROUND: The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) Shoulder and Elbow score is a reliable and sensitive tool to measure the performance of overhead athletes. The purpose of this study was to carry out a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the KJOC questionnaire in Italian and to assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety professional athletes with a painful shoulder were included in this study and were assigned to the "injury group" (n = 32) or the "overuse group" (n = 58); 65 were managed conservatively and 25 were treated by arthroscopic surgery...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707122/segond-s-fracture-a-biomechanical-cadaveric-study-using-navigation
#4
E Monaco, Daniele Mazza, A Redler, D Lupariello, R Lanzetti, M Guzzini, A Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Segond's fracture is a well-recognised radiological sign of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. While previous studies evaluated the role of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and complex injuries on rotational stability of the knee, there are no studies on the biomechanical effect of Segond's fracture in an ACL deficient knee. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a Segond's fracture on knee rotation stability as evaluated by a navigation system in an ACL deficient knee...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702703/transfixing-kirshner-wires-for-fixation-of-intertrochanteric-valgus-osteotomies-in-management-of-pediatric-coxa-vara
#5
Ahmed Shawkat Rizk
BACKGROUND: Coxa vara is a radiological term describing a decrease in the neck-shaft angle to 120° or less. Coxa vara is associated with pathomechanical changes that can manifest clinically. If left untreated, coxa vara can affect the normal development of the pediatric hip. Valgus osteotomy is the standard surgical treatment for coxa vara, but there is no consensus regarding the optimal osteotomy technique and fixation method. The work reported here aimed to highlight transfixing wires as a fixation method for valgus osteotomy applied as treatment for various types of pediatric coxa vara...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685345/thresholds-for-the-oxford-hip-score-after-total-hip-replacement-surgery-a-novel-approach-to-postoperative-evaluation
#6
Nicolai Kjærgaard, Jonas B Kjærsgaard, Christian L Petersen, Michael U Jensen, Mogens B Laursen
BACKGROUND: This is a prospective cohort study to define the thresholds to distinguish patients with a satisfactory or unsatisfactory outcome after total hip replacement (THR) based on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) including the Oxford Hip Score (OHS), and using patient satisfaction and patient-perceived function as global transition items. The thresholds are intended to be used as a tool in the process of determining which patients are in need of postoperative outpatient evaluation...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685344/lumbar-total-disc-arthroplasty-outdated-surgery-or-here-to-stay-procedure-a-systematic-review-of-current-literature
#7
REVIEW
Matteo Formica, Stefano Divano, Luca Cavagnaro, Marco Basso, Andrea Zanirato, Carlo Formica, Lamberto Felli
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to summarize the available evidence about total lumbar disc replacement (TDR), focusing our attention on four main topics: clinical and functional outcomes, comparison with fusion surgery results, rate of complications and influence on sagittal balance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, Embase, Medline, Medscape, Google Scholar and Cochrane library databases in order to answer our four main research questions...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664414/do-obstetric-risk-factors-truly-influence-the-etiopathogenesis-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#8
N Hardgrib, O Rahbek, B Møller-Madsen, R D Maimburg
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is seen in childhood and presents within months after birth. The etiology remains unknown; however, medical textbooks suggest trauma at birth as a main reason. The aim of this study was to systematically describe obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a population of children with a confirmed congenital muscular torticollis diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with a validated diagnosis of congenital muscular torticollis born at Aarhus University Hospital from 2000 to 2014 were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361285/evaluation-of-lower-limb-kinetics-during-gait-sprint-and-hop-tests-before-and-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#9
Joaquín Moya-Angeler, Javier Vaquero, Francisco Forriol
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional status prior to and at different times after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and to analyze the changes in the kinetic patterns of the involved and uninvolved lower limb during gait, sprint and three hop tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four male patients with an ACL injury were included in the study. All patients performed a standardized kinetic protocol including gait, sprint and three hop tests (single-leg hop, drop vertical jump and vertical jump tests), preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months after ACLR with a semitendinosus gracilis tendon autograft...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289844/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-the-article-all-inside-meniscal-repair-surgery-factors-affecting-the-outcome-by-haroon-majeed-et-al
#10
LETTER
Alexander Zimmerer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220268/anterolateral-ligament-expert-group-consensus-paper-on-the-management-of-internal-rotation-and-instability-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knee
#11
REVIEW
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Matthew Daggett, Jean-Marie Fayard, Andrea Ferretti, Camilo Partezani Helito, Martin Lind, Edoardo Monaco, Vitor Barion Castro de Pádua, Mathieu Thaunat, Adrian Wilson, Stefano Zaffagnini, Jacco Zijl, Steven Claes
Purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the latest research on the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and present the consensus of the ALL Expert Group on the anatomy, radiographic landmarks, biomechanics, clinical and radiographic diagnosis, lesion classification, surgical technique and clinical outcomes. A consensus on controversial subjects surrounding the ALL and anterolateral knee instability has been established based on the opinion of experts, the latest publications on the subject and an exchange of experiences during the ALL Experts Meeting (November 2015, Lyon, France)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210872/responsiveness-and-minimum-important-change-of-the-oswestry-disability-index-in-italian-subjects-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#12
Carla Vanti, Silvano Ferrari, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pedro Berjano, Marco Monticone
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the responsiveness and the minimum important change of the Italian version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI-I) in subjects with symptomatic specific low back pain associated with lumbar spondylolisthesis (SPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one patients with symptomatic SPL completed the ODI-I, a 0-100 numerical rating scale (NRS), and performed the prone and supine bridge tests. The global perception of effectiveness was measured with a 7-point Likert scale...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191599/short-term-results-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-augmentation-in-professional-and-amateur-athletes
#13
Hamidreza Yazdi, Ali Torkaman, Morteza Ghahramani, Amin Moradi, Ara Nazarian, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a widely accepted procedure; however, controversies exist about ACL augmentation. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes of ACL augmentation in professional and amateur athletes with isolated single bundle ACL tears. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of professional and amateur athletes with partial ACL tears who underwent selective bundle reconstruction were analyzed...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155060/fast-resorbable-antibiotic-loaded-hydrogel-coating-to-reduce-post-surgical-infection-after-internal-osteosynthesis-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Kostantinos Malizos, Michael Blauth, Adrian Danita, Nicola Capuano, Riccardo Mezzoprete, Nicola Logoluso, Lorenzo Drago, Carlo Luca Romanò
BACKGROUND: Infection is one of the main reasons for failure of orthopedic implants. Antibacterial coatings may prevent bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation, according to various preclinical studies. The aim of the present study is to report the first clinical trial on an antibiotic-loaded fast-resorbable hydrogel coating (Defensive Antibacterial Coating, DAC(®)) to prevent surgical site infection, in patients undergoing internal osteosynthesis for closed fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter randomized controlled prospective study, a total of 256 patients in five European orthopedic centers who were scheduled to receive osteosynthesis for a closed fracture, were randomly assigned to receive antibiotic-loaded DAC or to a control group (without coating)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124188/clinical-outcome-and-safety-study-of-a-newly-developed-instrumented-french-door-cervical-laminoplasty-technique
#15
Luigi Aurelio Nasto, Samiul Muquit, Ana Belen Perez-Romera, Hossein Mehdian
BACKGROUND: Standard laminectomy for treatment of cervical myelopathy is associated with secondary instability and kyphosis, while laminectomy combined with fusion puts adjacent segments at risk of degeneration. Single- and double-door laminoplasty techniques have been developed to overcome these limitations. More recently, complications related to bone graft dislodgment have fostered development of hardware-augmented laminoplasty techniques. The aim of this study is to review the clinical safety and effectiveness of a newly developed technique of instrumented French-door laminoplasty for treatment of cervical myelopathy...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878510/influence-of-perioperative-complication-severity-on-1-and-2-year-outcomes-of-low-back-surgery
#16
James Grainger, Thomas Hammett, Robert Isaacs, Chad Cook
BACKGROUND: Several factors potentially influence outcomes of surgery, including perioperative complications. Complications may take many forms and the Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification is designed to categorize them by degree of severity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of perioperative complications by severity categorization on the 1-and 2-year pain and disability outcomes for patients who received low back surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data used for the study involved a purposive sample (N = 477; 8...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848054/incidence-and-predictive-risk-factors-of-postoperative-sepsis-in-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#17
Nikita Lakomkin, Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Brandon Wick, Michelle S Shen, A Alex Jahangir, Hassan Mir, William T Obremskey, Ashley C Dodd, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sepsis is associated with high mortality and the national costs of septicemia exceed those of any other diagnosis. While numerous studies in the basic orthopedic science literature suggest that traumatic injuries facilitate the development of sepsis, it is currently unclear whether orthopedic trauma patients are at increased risk. The purpose of this study was thus to assess the incidence of sepsis and determine the risk factors that significantly predicted septicemia following orthopedic trauma surgery...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770337/current-concepts-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-eosinophilic-granuloma-of-bone
#18
REVIEW
Andrea Angelini, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Eugenio Rimondi, Giuseppe Rossi, Pietro Ruggieri
This review summarizes current concepts in the diagnosis and management of the patients with eosinophilic granuloma. Given the benign biology, the clinical course, and the pediatric group of patients that this condition more commonly affects, a treatment approach that carries a lower risk of complications while ensuring a successful cure is desirable. Variable treatment options have been reported with satisfactory results and a recurrence rate of less than 20 %. In this setting, symptomatic lesions that are accessible in the spine or the extremities may be treated with intralesional methylprednisolone injection after tissue biopsy for histological diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709362/physeal-histological-morphology-after-thermal-epiphysiodesis-using-radiofrequency-ablation
#19
Juan Manuel Shiguetomi-Medina, B Møller-Madsen, O Rahbek
BACKGROUND: Several treatments have been described for leg length discrepancy. Epiphysiodesis is the most commonly used because of its effectiveness. Thermal epiphysiodesis using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) alters the growth plate morphology without damaging the adjacent articular cartilage; it is a minimally invasive method that has shown excellent results in animal models. This study describes the macro and micro morphology after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epiphysiodesis using RFA was performed in vivo for 8 min (92-98 °C) at two ablation sites (medial and lateral) in one randomly-selected tibia in eight growing pigs...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538591/should-hospital-managers-read-the-orthopedic-literature-before-surgeons-the-example-of-femur-fracture-management
#20
Alessandro Aprato, Denis Longo, Matteo Giachino, Gabriele Agati, Alessandro Massè
BACKGROUND: Early surgical intervention in the treatment of proximal femur fractures has been shown to significantly reduce mortality and complications. Our study intends to evaluate early surgery rates in a single-center analysis before the clinical advantages of early surgical intervention were demonstrated in the literature (G1), after the orthopedic team aimed to treat those fractures within 48 h (G2), and after early intervention became a primary objective for hospital management (G3)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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