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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Mohamed S Bamashmous
BACKGROUND: Clinicians often ask, "Veneer or no to veneer?" Clinicians usually think of porcelain veneers for cases in which patients are dissatisfied with their teeth shape. Interproximal reduction can change teeth's shape and appearance within the enamel to improve gingival contour, eliminate black gingival triangles, and correct the Curve of Spee. AIM: Our aim is to present to clinicians the option of reshaping and interproximal reduction (IPR) as a valid alternative to porcelain veneers...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Jyoti Mittal, Gurpreet Kaur, Harmunish S Mann, Samisha Narang, Mohit Kamra, Shekhar Kapoor, Madhu Sindhi, Ramneet Kataria
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 4% articaine with epinephrine (1:200,000) vs 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:200,000) during surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was undertaken in 20 patients belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I, of the age group between 18 and 30 years with bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars. Each patient underwent similar surgical procedure...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Atul Jajoo, Sanket S Agarkar, Shaivi Sharma, Nitin Gadhiya, Sushma Sonawane, Sameer Narkhede
AIM: Diagnosis in orthodontic cases and treatment planning is a precise assessment of sagittal jaw relationship. A number of angular and linear measurements have been used to attain correct diagnosis. The present study is done to compare beta angle and A point-nasion-B point (ANB) angle for sagittal skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 subjects were included in between the age group of 18 and 24 years and were categorized based on the skeletal patterns as class I, class II, and class III having a sample of 35 in each group...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Amal Nawasrah, Mohammed M Gad, Mai El Zayat
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the addition of various henna-which can have antifungal properties-on the surface roughness and hardness of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) denture base material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 99 rectangular-shaped (10 × 20 × 3 mm3 ) specimens were prepared from heat-cured acrylic resin and divided into one control group without the addition of henna and five test groups, which were prepared by adding Yamanihenna powder to polymer at concentrations of 1, 2...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
P K Thaju Raj, Durga P Mudrakola, Deepak Baby, Rajeev K Govindankutty, Dilu Davis, Thenasseri P Sasikumar, Kranti K R Ealla
AIM: To determine the effectiveness of two different endodontic retreatment systems for the removal of laterally compacted gutta-percha (GP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three freshly extracted human maxillary central incisors were used for the study. The teeth were instrumented with K-flex files and obturated using lateral condensation technique with GP and AH Plus sealer. The teeth were divided into three retreatment groups, each group consisting of 21 teeth...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Saied Sadeghian, Amin Shirvani, Zeinab Azamian
AIM: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of rhinoplasty and genioplasty on facial profile attractiveness assessed by orthodontists and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, posttreatment cephalo-grams of 30 class II patients with convex profile and nasal hump who had undergone camouflage treatment were traced. These profile outlines were modified by computer software to simulate rhinoplasty and genioplasty. Then, all these outlines were converted into silhouettes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Anshu Sahu, Rajeev Lall, Sumaiya Nezam, Rajat Singh, Shashi B Kumar, Faizan B Ayub
AIM: The study was conducted to assess facial asymmetry in various dental malocclusions and to determine asymmetry in lower, mid, and upper face and jaws using posteroanterior cephalometric analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 120 posteroanterior cepha-lograms were taken of individuals between 12 and 25 years of both sexes, and were divided into four groups: Angle's class I excellent occlusion, Angle's class I malocclusion, Angle's class II malocclusion, and Angle's class III malocclusion...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Dorothea C Dagassan-Berndt, Walter Clemens, Nicola U Zitzmann, Ralf K Schulze
AIM: To investigate the influence of the radiographic modalities panoramic radiography (PR) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) on selection of implant length and diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Potential implant sites (59 sites, 40 patients) with available PRs and CBCTs were selected from the databases of two University dental schools. Six experienced clinicians were asked to select the appropriate implant length and diameter based on PR and CBCT. Results were compared with the actual surgical procedure and intra- /interrater agreement was calculated using Cohen's kappa...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rajeev Lall, Anshu Sahu, Ankita Jaiswal, Sunder Kite, A R Sowmya, M C Sainath
AIM: This study aimed to compare the efficiency of various sterilization procedures using conventional spore monitoring method, i.e., by using swab test and biological indicators and to determine the efficiency of cold sterilization by using Bioclenz-G (2% glutaraldehyde) solution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Each group was divided into medium load (containing 15 sets of instruments) and heavy load (containing 30 sets of instruments). Each group was tested 15 times for medium and heavy loads...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Y Sunaina Shetty, Rajesh Shankarapillai, Gopinath Vivekanandan, Raghavendra M Shetty, Challa S Reddy, Hanumanth Reddy, Sachin B Mangalekar
AIM: The present study was undertaken to assess the inhibitory effect of guava extracts on Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacteractinomycetemcomitans, to assess the time-kill curve of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans, and to determine the antiproteolytic activity of guava on P. gingivalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kanamycin blood agar was used to isolate P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. Ethanolic guava extract (EGE) and aqueous guava extract (AGE) were prepared and the inhibitory effects of these extracts for two periodontal pathogens were tested by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) procedures...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ebrahim Yarmohamadi, Pegah R Jahromi, Mahdi Akbarzadeh
AIM: This study aimed to assess cuspal deflection and micro-leakage of mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities in premolar teeth restored with three different tooth-colored restorative materials to determine the effect of polymerization shrinkage stress over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MOD cavities (4 mm depth) were prepared in 30 sound human maxillary premolars. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10). The teeth were then restored with Filtek P60 (group I), X-tra fil (group II), and Admira Fusion x-tra (group III)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Suraj Arora, Shugufta Mir, Ashesh Gautam, Renu Batra, Sarmeshta Soni, Kamini Lata
AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of root canal sealer's antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Root canal sealers with the brands Endoflas FS, AH Plus, and Tubli-Seal EWT were selected. Enterococcus faecalis organisms' zone of inhibition was measured. Tukey post hoc tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to compare the data among study groups and within its group. The data were said to be statistically significant with an established p-value less than 0...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Azadehzeinab Titidej, Nosratollah Eshghyar, Maryam Jolehar
AIM: Despite advances in the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), its prognosis is still poor. Therefore, it is important to identify the prognostic factors. The aim was to investigate the level of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) in SCC of tongue and its relationship with some clinicopathologic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 128 patients with primary SCC of tongue were evaluated. Data were extracted and paraffin blocks were retrieved from the archives of Emam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, and immunohistochemistry staining was done for the detection of marker...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Srinivasa Gowda, Dilip D Quadras, Rajeet S Sesappa, Vidyachandra Katapadi, Lalit Kumar, Dinraj Kulkarni, Nitu Mishra
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of connector designs on scale and distribution pattern of the stress generated in the supporting bone of implant tooth-supported three-unit fixed partial denture in distal extension situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-unit fixed partial denture geometric models with implant abutment in second molar, pontic in first molar, and second premolar as mesial abutment in distal extension situations were evaluated using a two-dimensional (2D) finite element analysis...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ousama A Ayach, Rania Hadad
AIM: Assessing skeletal maturity is a critical factor in orthopedic treatment and orthognathic surgery. Quantitative methods have been suggested to decide the skeletal age. This study aims to assess the correlation between the middle phalanx of the third finger (MP3) method and cervical vertebral volume parameters (CVVP) in skeletal age determination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 21 boys and 29 girls between the ages of 8 and 16 years, who were divided into five groups of skeletal maturation: 100 MP3 radiographs and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) were obtained and analyzed...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Anoop V Nair, Moksha Nayak, L Krishna Prasada, Veena Shetty, C N Vijay Kumar, Rakesh R Nair
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of two bioceramic root canal sealers: EndoSequence BC and iRoot SP with zinc oxide eugenol sealers on fibroblast cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sealers tested were zinc oxide eugenol, EndoSequence BC, and iRoot SP. Each material was mixed according to the manufacturer's instructions and mounted into sterile polyethylene color-coded rings, for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity evaluation...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sunil Pandey, Mahima Goel, Ravi Nagpal, Ankita Kar, Eliezer Rapsang, Priya Matani
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of dental caries has become quite a common phenomenon nowadays. The varying levels of salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) usually determine the progression of caries. The present study was aimed to determine the correlation between SIgA and mutans-specific antigen SIgA in children having different caries status. Scanning electron microscopic analysis was also completed to correlate the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 60 subjects, who were divided into three groups depending on caries status...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Dareen Aljehani, Hosam Ali Baeshen
AIM: This study was aimed to explore the effect of pretreatment severity of malocclusion on the duration of the treatment using The American Board of Orthodontics discrepancy index (ABO-DI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical retrospective study consisted of orthodontics records of 37 patients who were treated with comprehensive fixed orthodontic appliance from 2011 to 2013. The sample of the study was collected so as to exclude, to the maximum possible, the patient cooperation variability by reviewing all patient chart entries...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
B S Kavya Rani, Surya Viswambharapanicker, Shamil Mattumathody, Anagha Muralidharan, Abdul Rasheed Naseema Dinsha, Priyanka Saluja
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the shear bond strength and marginal sealing ability of self-adhering flow-able composite and conventional fissure sealant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples consisted of 30 healthy premolar teeth which were extracted due to orthodontic reasons and randomly divided into two groups of 15, i.e., group I (Fissurit F) and group II (Dyad Flow). Shear bond strength and marginal sealing ability of both the groups were evaluated in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rasha AlSheikh, Abeer E El-Embaby
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two different in-office bleaching agents, Zoom2 (Z) and Boost (B), regarding color stability 1-week, 2-week, 1-month and 2-month periods after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients each of whom had anterior teeth of shade A3 or darker were randomly selected from the pool of patients attending the Dental Hospital at the University of Dammam. For the Z group (n = 30), a light activation unit was used to activate the bleaching agent...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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