Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Nasser M Al Ahmari
Aim and background: This case report describes a 74-year-old female patient whose teeth were rehabilitated using telescopic crowns (TCs) on abutments and fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) in the maxillary arch with the aid of computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology. The mandibular arch was restored using casted removable dental prostheses (RDPs) and surveyed crowns. Case report: The treatment sequences were followed as recommended in the dental literature. First, existing defective restorations were eliminated, caries was removed, and excellent mouth preparation was performed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Adrian Seto, Michael G Botelho, Edward Ht Ho, Nithya Jagannathan
Background: Patients present with malocclusions in the form of bilateral open bite with functional and esthetic challenges. These are particularly so whereby these are acquired through growth anomalies that create a change in the occlusal status whereby a patient has to adapt to the challenge of the occlusal change. While surgical intervention is a considered option to correct such changes, not all patients are willing to endure the consequences of this intervention and as such this report presents a conservative minimally invasive approach...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ali G Alrashidi, Turkey G Alrashidi, Sami A Alrashedi, Nasser A Alreshidi, Meshal F Alrashidi, Abdullah S Alrashidi, Eid H Alkhaldi, Ahmed G Alrashdi, Mohammed S Alshammari, Hussain G Ahmed
Aim: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use is a significant health risk and cause of disease. Most studies conducted in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) focused on cigarette smoking. Therefore, the objective was to study the epidemiologic pattern and types of oral ST usage in northern and western Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods: A total of 428 volunteers living in three cities (Hail, Mecca, and Tabuk) were investigated. All of the study subjects were currently ST users of one type or more, including toombak, shammah, pan masala (PM), Afdhal, Nashooq, and others...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Javeriya Nahin, Faisal Arshad, Bharathi V Srinivas, Shashi Kumar, Nagamangala K Lokesh
Aim: This study was conducted to clinically evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as a method of reducing pain reported by patients after placement of their first orthodontic archwires. Materials and methods: A sample of 10 patients with an age group of 12 to 26 years with moderate-to-severe anterior crowding was selected. Each patient was assigned to an experimental group (left quadrant with laser therapy) and a control group (right quadrant with no laser therapy). Low-level laser therapy was given immediately after the placement of initial archwire...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Seyed H Moslemzadeh, Aydin Sohrabi, Ali Rafighi, Somaieh Farshidnia
Aim: Retention is one of the stages of orthodontic treatment, which is an attempt to retain teeth in their corrected positions after active treatment with the use of fixed orthodontic appliances. The aim of the present study was to compare the stability of the results of orthodontic treatment and the gingival health between Hawley retainer (HR) and vacuum-formed retainer (VFR) with two different thicknesses. Materials and methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 66 patients undergoing comprehensive orthodontic treatment in a private office were evaluated after completion of treatment...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rafaella de S Leao, Juliana Rs Maior, Fabio C Pereira, Gabriela Qm Monteiro, Sandra Ld de Moraes
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of oral health and socioeconomic variables on the quality of life in a sample of low-income Brazilians. Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 400 adults assisted by the Rescuing Smiles Social Program (Pernambuco University) in June 2014 in the town of Arcoverde, Pernambuco. Two 18+ physically and mentally healthy people were chosen to participate in the study per household. The data obtained were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Layal H Al-Hilal, Kinda Sultan, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Ghiath Mahmoud, Abdulrahman A Wanli
Aim: The aim of this study is (1) to inspect any difference in mandibular arch widths between males and females in class I and class II division 1 (class malocclusions using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), (2) to compare the mandibular dental and basal widths between the two groups, and (3) to investigate any possible correlation between dental and basal arch widths in both groups. Materials and methods: The CBCT images of 68 patients aged between 18 and 25 years consisted of 34 class I (17 males and 17 females) and 34 class (17 males and 17 females) who were recruited at the Department of Orthodontics, University of Damascus Dental School (Syria)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Kirti Dahiya, Narendra Kumar, Pankaj Bajaj, Avdesh Sharma, Rohan Sikka, Sagar Dahiya
Introduction: The success of dental implants depends primarily on the primary implant stability and the bone density so that predictable osseointegration can be achieved. To achieve the desired results, systematic preoperative planning for implant placement is required. The sole aim of the study was to assess the reliability of preoperative bone density of mandibular posterior region for implant placement using computerized tomography-derived bone densities in Hounsfield units (HU). Materials and methods: A total of 200 patients with 352 implant sites between 2014 and 2017 were assessed for the posterior mandibular area using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Tisson V Job, Girish T Narayana, Kishan K Venkappa, K Binu Nathan, Shameem Ahsan, Jayakkodi Harikaran
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the remineralization potential of three different dentifrices using Raman spectroscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Materials and methods: Totally, 30 extracted intact impacted third molar teeth were selected and the crown of each tooth in a group was separated from the root and longitudinally sectioned into four parts with each section under a subgroup, of which one section was an untreated section, the second and the third sections were demineralized in a demineralizing solution, and the third section was remineralized after demineralization...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ipsita Jayanti, Md Jalaluddin, Anisha Avijeeta, Pavithra K Ramanna, Pooja M Rai, Rohit A Nair
Aim: The present study was conducted with an aim to assess the antimicrobial activity of Ocimum sanctum (tulsi) extract on Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Materials and methods: Tulsi extract with ethanol was prepared using cold extraction method in the present in vitro study. Various concentrations (2, 4, 6, and 8%) were then obtained by dilution with dimethylformamide. A 0.2% chlorhexidine served as the positive control, whereas the negative control was dimeth-ylformamide...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Madhuram Krishnamurthy, V Naveen Kumar, Ashok Leburu, Chakravarthy Dhanavel, Kasiswamy E Selvendran, Nehrudhas Praveen
Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare the antibacterial activity of a self-etching primer containing antibacterial monomer methacryloyloxydodecylpyridinium bromide (MDPB) (Clearfil protect bond) with a conventional self-etching primer without MDPB (Clearfil SE bond) against Streptococcus mutans and the effect of incorporation of MDPB on the tensile bond strength of the experimental self-etching primer (Clearfil protect bond). Materials and methods: The antibacterial activity of the self-etching primers was assessed using agar disk diffusion method and the diameters of the zones of inhibition were measured and ranked...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Masoumeh Ebrahimi, Atefeh Naseh, Mojtaba Abdollahi, Alireza Sarraf Shirazi
Introduction: Modifying the durability of resin bonding systems resulted in introducing materials with cross-link property, such as chlorhexidine (CHX) that can promote the strength of resin-dentin bonding. The aim of this study was evaluation of the effect of CHX on shear bond strength (SBS) of self-etch (SE) and etch-and-rinse (E&R) bonding systems to the primary teeth dentin. Materials and methods: In this in vitro study, 40 freshly extracted primary molars collected and were cut mesiodistally, and then the buccal and lingual surface enamel was grounded...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ravi Dande, Amol R Gadbail, Sheetal Sarode, Mugdha P Mankar Gadbail, Shailesh M Gondivkar, Madhuri Gawande, Sachin C Sarode, Gargi S Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Aim: To assess the prevalence of oral findings in diabetic and nondiabetic chronic renal failure (CRF) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 144 CRF patients undergoing HD therapy. They were further classified into diabetic and nondiabetic groups and also according to the duration of CRF. An oral examination was performed, searching for CRF-associated oral findings, along with due considerations to duration of CRF. Results: The oral manifestations were found to be higher in diabetic CRF patients (97...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Hosseinali Mahgoli, Mahnaz Arshad, Mehdi Saeedirad, Mohammad H Mahgoli
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the fracture strength of posterior crowns made of Adoro and Gradia fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs). Materials and methods: In this in vitro, experimental study, extracted sound 37 maxillary first and second premolars were selected. A celluloid index was taken from teeth and the teeth received crown preparation. Impressions were made and poured. Composite crowns were fabricated of Adoro and Gradia composite resins. After curing, the teeth were immersed in distilled water for 24 hours and thermal cycled for 6,000 cycles between 5 and 55°C...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rajesh Vyas, S R Suchitra, Prafulla T Gaikwad, Vishwanath Gurumurthy, Suraj Arora, Shashit Shetty
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the capacity to resist fracture in different core buildup materials with porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crown. Materials and methods: Totally, 45 mandibular single rooted first premolars were collected, which were sound along with similar shape and size. The teeth were sectioned at 15 mm above the root apex sparing the sound tooth structure. The teeth were endodontically treated with the crown-down technique using nickel-titanium (NiTi) instrumentation. The specimens were randomized into three groups as per the core materials used and were labeled accordingly...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Samela Martins, Bernardo Zoehler, Carmen S Busin, Silas Aj de Freitas Filho, Luiz R Paranhos, Maria Ss Linden, Marcos E de Bittencourt, Joao P de Carli
Introduction: Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a lesion potentially malignant that affects the lips after prolonged exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The present study aimed to assess and describe the proliferative cell activity, using silver-stained nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) quantification proteins, and to investigate the potential associations between AgNORs and the clinical aspects of AC lesions. Materials and methods: Cases diagnosed with AC were selected and reviewed from Center of Histopathological Diagnosis of the Institute of Biological Sciences, Passo Fundo University, Brazil...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Smita Bussari, Sindhu M Ganvir, Manish Sarode, Prabhakar A Jeergal, Anjum Deshmukh, Himanshu Srivastava
Introduction: Salivary gland tumors are the most histologically heterogeneous group of tumors with the greatest diversity of morphologic features among their cells and tissues. The present study was aimed at assessing the validity of Ki-67, a cell proliferation marker, as a prognostic factor in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors and to study whether it is related to age, sex, anatomical site, and size of the lesion in salivary gland tumors. Materials and methods: A retrospective study consisted of benign salivary gland tumors (BSGTs) (n = 15), malignant salivary gland tumors (n = 18), and normal salivary gland parenchyma (n = 15)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Jihan M Turkistani, Najat M Farsi
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of dental rehabilitation on oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) in children with special health care needs (CSHCN) and healthy children. Materials and methods: The prospective study's sample consisted of 213 parents of caries-affected children, who were aged 6 years or younger and were scheduled for dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA). The parent-child dyads were recruited from three public hospitals in Jeddah between October 2014 and May 2016...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ana Lb Jurema, Evaniele S Claudino, Carlos Rg Torres, Eduardo Bresciani, Taciana Mf Caneppele
Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the color and microhardness of teeth subjected to different over-the-counter (OTC) whitening products in association or not with 10% carbamide peroxide (10% CP). Materials and methods: Enamel-dentin specimens (n = 210) were obtained from bovine incisors and stained. Half of the specimens were then subjected to daily cycles of staining (5 minutes), 10% CP bleaching (8 hours) in association with OTC products, and artificial saliva storage until complete 24 hours, for 2 weeks; the other half was subjected to daily cycles of staining, OTC treatment, and storage in artificial saliva for 12 weeks...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Gargi S Sarode, Nikunj Maniyar, Nilookumari Choudhary, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
HowOral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) holds a place among the 10 most common cancers in the world with a reported increase in its incidence every year, particularly in western and Asian countries.1 Of the reported cases, majority of oral cancers are preceded by precancerous lesions.2 Expeditious and untimely detection of oral cancer is paramount for improving the survival rate of this disease as any delay in its diagnosis is accompanied with poor prognosis despite advanced treatment approaches.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"