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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Rocco Franco, M Miranda, L Di Renzo, A Barlattani, A De Lorenzo, P Bollero
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) is a genetic autosomal dominant disorder; malignant hyperthermia is a possible complication. It may occur following administration of some halogenated general anesthetics, muscle relaxants, or surgical stress. AIM: The purpose of this case report is to evaluate the dental management of patients with Steinert's disease. CASE REPORT: The patient needed dental extraction. A locore-gional paraperiosteal anesthesia was performed using bupiva-caine without vasoconstrictor and sedation with nitrous oxide...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Mohammed Mashyakhy, Hemant R Chourasia, Esam Halboub, Rafael A Roges, Gianluca Gambarini
BACKGROUND: Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a relatively uncommon form of external tooth resorption, characterized by an invasive nature. It is usually painless and detection of lesions is often made incidentally. Three-dimensional imaging techniques, such as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), are useful in the diagnosis and management of ICR as the true extent of the defect cannot always be estimated using conventional radiographs. AIM: The aim of this article is to report on the successful treatment of ICR in mandibular first molar by nonsurgical approach and follow-up by means of CBCT...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Varsha A Jadhao, Amit Rao, Pratik Hande, Monica Mahajani, Prashant P Raktade, Ravidra Gedam, Vishwas Acharya, Pawankumar D Tekale
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the effect of irrigation with three different irrigants, namely normal saline, chlorhexidine, and povidone iodine on pain, alveolar osteitis, swelling, trismus, infection, and food impaction during surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients, including 26 males and 22 females, fulfilling criteria for inclusion in this study were divided into three groups: group I where irrigant used was normal saline, group II as chlorhexidine, and group III as povidone iodine group...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Parul Rawat, Rahul P Goswami, Gagandeep Kaur, Tarun Vyas, Neha Sharma, Abhinav Singh
INTRODUCTION: Rendering quality care to the patient, dentists needs to update their skills and knowledge with latest diagnostics and treatment modalities. Evidence-based dentistry can provide best-known treatments. AIM: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of oral healthcare professionals toward evidence-based dentistry among dental professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 3 months from April 2017 to June 2017 in Jodhpur city, Rajasthan, India...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sangeeta Sunda, Anil Miglani, Reena R Kumar, Vikram Panghal, Puja Khanna, Nishtha Arora
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare static and kinetic friction of round (0.018") and rectangular (0.019 × 0.025") stainless steel (SS) wires of different brands with conventional preadjusted edgewise brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maxillary canine and two bicuspids of 0.022 × 0.028" slot sized MBT prescription (Gemini, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, California) brackets were chosen. The wires selected were 0.018" SS (3M Unitek); 0...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sohaib A Mansouri, Ahmed Z Zidan
AIM: The objective of this study is to compare the bulk-fill resin composite to a conventional one, as regards; water sorption, solubility, and their effect on color stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using two types of composites: Bulk-fill composite (Filtek Bulk-Fill) and nanohybrid composite for control (Filtek Z250 XT). Specimens were prepared using a ring mold, 10 from each material. Specimens were desiccated, then weighed in a digital balance until a stable mass was acquired...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
N Praveen Birur, Sanjana Patrick, Suchitra Bajaj, Shubhasini Raghavan, Amritha Suresh, Sumsum P Sunny, Radhika Chigurupati, Petra Wilder-Smith, Keerthi Gurushanth, Shubha Gurudath, Pratima Rao, Moni A Kuriakose
AIM: The incidence of oral cancer is high in India, which can be reduced by early detection. We aimed to empower frontline health care providers (FHP) for early detection and connect specialist to rural population through mHealth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We provided training to FHPs in examination of oral cavity, use of mobile phone for image capture, and risk factor analysis. The FHPs were selected from different cohorts in resource-constrained settings. The workflow involved screening of high-risk individuals in door-to-door and workplace settings, and capture of images of suspected lesions...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Mokshi Jain, Nabeel Nazar
AIM: The aim of this clinical trial was to compare the efficiency of the intraligamentary (periodontal ligament) injection with supraperiosteal injections in extraction of maxillary teeth, using pain during injection and extraction as the parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients indicated for extraction of maxillary molars were randomly allocated into one of the following intervention groups (n = 15): intraligamentary injection and supraperiosteal injection...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sachin V Shinde, Shivakshi Chansoria, Milind Limaye, M Vijay, Shokhi Bansal, Varsharani M Dhakne
AIM: To assess the association of various clinical parameters and proinflammatory cytokines in the wound-healing process of dental implants with the presence or absence of antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included evaluation of early wound-healing process in patients undergoing dental implant placement procedures with and without antibiotic prophylaxis. A total of 50 patients with partial edentulous arch were included in the present study...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Awadhesh Gupta, Seema Sharma, Monisha Batra, Mohammed Abidullah, Swathi Bhuvinder, Padmavathi Katragadda
AIM: The aim of present study was to assess the role of E-cadherin in oral carcinogenesis by comparing their expressions in normal oral mucosa, oral epithelial dysplasia (OED), and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: To elucidate the pattern of E-cadherin expression in oral carcinogenesis, 21 archival cases of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections of OSCC, 21 OED, and 7 normal oral mucosa samples as control were used for the study. RESULTS: We observed reduction/loss of E-cadherin in membranous expression pattern and staining intensity with progression from dysplasia to oral cancer...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Bibhu D Nanda, Pallavi Sharma, Munmun Moudgil, Vikas Sharma, Ajay K Gupta, Dhruv Gupta
AIM: The placement of composite in teeth is not an easy task and it poses many challenges. Microleakage is one of the factors that affects the success of any composite restoration. It influences the longevity of dental restorations. The present study was aimed to evaluate and compare microleakage of two restorative composites resins in class II cavities using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an in vitro study, which included 20 permanent mandibular first molar...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Debkant Jena, Kandarpa Balakrishna, Sandeep Singh, Zuber A Naqvi, Archana Lanje, Nitin Arora
AIM: The present study aimed to find prevalence of pulp stones in known South Indian orthodontic patients and to find correlation between pulp stones and patients who underwent orthodontic treatment as well as to reveal any differences due to gender, tooth type, and dental arches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study was carried out among 200 patients who underwent nonextraction orthodontic treatment. Maxillary and mandibular first and second premolar and molar teeth were selected for the purpose of the study using panoramic radiographs...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ana Cl Marques, Bernardo A Aguiar, Luciana Ma Frota, Bruno M Guimarães, Nilton Vivacqua-Gomes, Rodrigo R Vivan, Marco Ah Duarte, Bruno C de Vasconcelos
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of widening the apical root canal preparation (RCP) on the efficiency of different ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) agitation protocols on smear layer removal: EDTA; EDTA + Easy Clean in rotary movement (ECROT); EDTA + Easy Clean in reciprocating movement (ECREC); and EDTA + Passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 mandibular premolars had their crowns sectioned and then were divided into two groups according to widening: size 25 or 40, 0...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Priyanka C Panchal, Karthik Venkataraghavan, Chirag R Panchal
INTRODUCTION: A good dental cement used as repair material should possess chemical binding, easy handling characteristics, minimal marginal breakdown and minimal polymerization shrinkage, high resistance to wear, high cohesive strength, and good color stability. This study was undertaken to compare the in vitro microleakage and shear bond strength among the newly introduced Prime fill flow and Dyad flow. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect on shear bond strength and microleakage of two self-adhesive composite resin...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Kailash C Dash, Roquaiya Nishat, Harish Kumar, Silpiranjan Mishra, Malvika Raghuvanshi, Atul Bajoria
AIM: To study and compare the genotoxic effects of tobacco using micronuclei count in individuals with different tobacco-related habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done comprising 200 individuals, divided into four groups. Group I: 50 subjects with history of tobacco chewing, group II: 50 subjects with a history of smoking tobacco, group III: 50 subjects with a history of both tobacco chewing and smoking, and group IV: 50 subjects without any habits as controls (age-matched)...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Carlos L Antunes, Andreza Mf Aranha, Matheus C Bandeca, Suellen L Lima, Mateus R Tonetto, Fabio Lm Pedro, Carlo R De Musis, Alvaro H Borges, Evanice Mm Vieira
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the eruption of impacted teeth in cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) after alveolar bone graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research was carried out through a cross-sectional study at the Craniofacial Rehabilitation Center of the University General Hospital of the University of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Variables related to cleft, cleft side, gender, age, laterality of cleft, impacted teeth, and orthodontic traction were analyzed...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Abdul Shameem, Sabir Muliyar, Rekha P Thankachan, Jacob T Kalliath, Ummer Mangalath, Sadiya Mangalath
AIM: The aim of the present in vivo study was to compare efficacy of light-cured resin-modified glass ionomer liner, Vitrebond™ (3M ESPE) with Dycal® (Dentsply) on the healing of pulpal tissue in the event of a direct iatrogenic pulpal exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental group consisted of Vitrebond™ (3M ESPE) resin-modified glass ionomer liner, and Vitremer™ (3M ESPE) resin-modified glass ionomer cement (GIC) in comparison with the control group of Dycal® (Dentsply) as liner and Poly F® (Dentsply) dental cement...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Deepak Khandelwal, Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Komal Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Visiting a dentist can easily evoke strong fear reactions and acute anxiety in children. It is one of the most basic reasons for avoidance and neglect of dental care. It may obstruct delivery of dental care, as the child may be unwilling to accept the treatment being provided by the dentist. AIM: To evaluate and compare reduction in anxiety level in patients undergoing dental treatment at first dental visit. TECHNIQUE: The study was conducted on 400 patients coming to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, for their first dental visit...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Gabriela F da Fonseca, Amanda Mo Dal Piva, João Pm Tribst, Alexandre Ls Borges
AIM: Endocrown restorations are an alternative to restore end-odontically treated teeth. Due to the fact that in the literature it is recommended a remnant of 1.5 mm, different heights of endocrown were elaborated and analyzed, obtaining possible faults and their location. This study aimed to evaluate the mechanism of stress distribution in the tooth/restoration set, varying two factors: "restoration height"-three levels, and load application-two levels (oblique or axial), totaling six groups...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Nishad A Vaheed, Mukesh Gupta, Sumitha A David, George Sam, Pavithra K Ramanna, Sudeep C Bhagvandas
AIM: This study aimed at evaluating and comparing the bond strength of stainless steel brackets bonded with multiple orthodontic adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 60 premolars extracted to create space during orthodontic treatment were included in the present study. Premolar stainless steel brackets of size 0.022" slot with the surface area of bracket base of 11.15 mm2 were used. The premolars were divided randomly into three groups of 20 in each. Group I: Conventional Acid Etching (Transbond XT); group II: Seventh-generation adhesive materials (Xeno V); and group III: Flowable composite (Filtek Z350 XT)...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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