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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258275/nonconventional-therapeutic-protocol-for-type-iii-dens-invaginatus
#1
Gustavo G Kunert, Itaborai R Kunert, José Ap de Figueiredo, Fernando B Barletta, Carlos Estrela
This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. This condition is a disorder of dental development, caused by the invagination of enamel into coronal and/or radicular dentin structure. This promotes several structural alterations within the dental organ, which offers challenges and difficulties to perform the endodontic treatment when needed. This article reports a clinical case where a conservative approach was adopted to preserve the invagi-nated tooth, and endodontic treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258274/early-orthognathic-surgery-a-review
#2
Saleh Alwadei
Management of growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities can be very difficult. Early surgical intervention may be warranted in situations where function (e.g., mastication, swallowing, breathing, or speech) and/or psychological well-being could be negatively affected. Many surgeons and orthodontists are reluctant to recommend a surgical treatment option for growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities because of their age. Specific surgical procedures can be performed during growth to correct developmental jaw abnormalities with predictable results...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258273/additive-and-reducing-effects-between-calcium-hydroxide-and-current-irrigation-solutions
#3
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Rasoul Sahebalam, Jun Ichiro Kinoshita
Microorganisms should be considered to have the major role in starting and perpetuation of pulpo-periapical diseases. Using intracanal medicaments is necessary to gain a bacteria-free environment in the canal system. Calcium hydroxide (abbreviated as Ca(OH)2), which is the most commonly used medicament in endodontic therapy, has been shown to be effective against primary sources of infection; however, its effectiveness against some microorganisms, such as Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis has not been proved...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258272/treatment-of-extrusive-luxation-in-permanent-teeth-literature-review-with-systematic-criteria
#4
Marina F Amaral, Melyna M de Almeida, Lorraine P de Faria, Daniela A Brandini, Wilson R Poi, Roberta Okamoto
INTRODUCTION: Extrusive luxation is a traumatic dental injury caused by the action of oblique forces, characterized by partial displacement of the tooth out of its socket. The ideal treatment for this type of trauma involves repositioning the tooth in its socket. However, in cases where the tooth cannot be repositioned, different options may be considered, such as intentional reattachment and orthodontic intrusion. The aim is to review the literature on the extrusive luxation of permanent teeth while assessing the risks of complications for two methods of delayed treatment for extrusive luxation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258271/patterns-of-restorative-failure-among-khat-and-shammah-users-in-jazan-city-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Mohammed E Sayed, Razan A Bosly, Huda A Hakami, Maryam H Mugri, Shilpa H Bhandi
INTRODUCTION: The effect of Khat and Shammah habits, with the parafunctional jaw activities that accompany them, on the integrity of the natural dentition, dental restorations, and prostheses has not yet been investigated. This study is the first attempt to identify the patterns of restorative failure among Khat chewers and Shammah users in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 294 recruits among dental clinics in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from October 1, 2015, to April 30, 2016...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258270/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-and-nonhospitalized-geriatric-patients
#6
Abdulaziz M AlBaker, Fahad F AlBaqami, Tariq M AlHarbi, Mohammad D AlAmri, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status and its effect on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients in a single community. The null hypothesis for the study states that there is no difference in the oral health status and OHRQoL between hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Khalid Hospital and College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258269/ion-release-and-galvanic-corrosion-of-different-orthodontic-brackets-and-wires-in-artificial-saliva
#7
Soodeh Tahmasbi, Tahereh Sheikh, Yasamin B Hemmati
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the galvanic corrosion of brackets manufactured by four different companies coupled with stainless steel (SS) or nickel-titanium (NiTi) wires in an artificial saliva solution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 mandibular central incisor Roth brackets of four different manufacturers (American Orthodontics, Dentaurum, Shinye, ORJ) were used in this experimental study. These brackets were immersed in artificial saliva along with SS or NiTi orthodontic wires (0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258268/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-women-in-slums-of-pimpri-chinchwad-pune-maharashtra-india-regarding-usage-of-mishri
#8
Roshani M Chawla, Pranjan Mitra, Sahana H Shetiya, Deepti R Agarwal, D Satya Narayana, Nikhil Bomble
INTRODUCTION: Mishri is one of the form of smokeless tobacco, which is a roasted, powdered preparation made by baking tobacco on a hot metal plate until it is uniformly black, after which it is powdered. It is noted that mishri use is more commonly used by the women of low socioeconomic status, hence the need was felt to conduct this study among women mishri users of slums. Also, the consequences of mishri use are little known, hence an effort is made to find out its ill-effect on oral health...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258267/evaluation-of-4-sodium-hypochlorite-in-eliminating-enterococcus-faecalis-from-the-root-canal-when-used-with-three-irrigation-methods-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Harsh Priyank, Vinisha Pandey, Abhishek Bagul, Kishore Kumar Majety, Parul Verma, Basanta Kumar Choudhury
INTRODUCTION: Endodontic treatment removes all pathogens, such as Enterococcus faecalis from pulp and root canals. The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of sodium hypo-chlorite (NaOCl) in removing E. faecalis from the root canal used with three different irrigation methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on freshly extracted maxillary incisors. After biomechanical preparation, root canals were injected with E. faecalis. Three groups were made which contained 30 teeth in each group; 2 mL of NaOCl solution was used for irrigation followed by agitation with K-files in group I; 2 mL of NaOCl solution was used for irrigation and ultrasonic agitation was done in group II...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258266/effect-of-newly-developed-resin-cements-and-thermocycling-on-the-strength-of-porcelain-laminate-veneers
#10
Fawaz I Alqahtani
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different luting cements and accelerated artificial aging (AAA) in the fracture resistance of porcelain laminate veneers (PLVs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 disc-shaped specimens were prepared using computer-aided design/computer-aided milling technology from lithium disilicate glass-ceramic blocks. Specimens (0.5 mm thick, 10 mm diameter) were divided into eight groups of 10 specimens per group...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258265/comparison-of-different-post-systems-for-fracture-resistance-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Suneel V Vadavadagi, Kiran M Dhananjaya, Rashmi P Yadahalli, M Lahari, Shilpa R Shetty, B L Bhavana
INTRODUCTION: Endodontic restoration becomes a challenging task for the clinician because of severe loss of coronal tooth structure owing to trauma, caries, restorative, and endodontic procedures. The restoration of these teeth requires the use of a post and core as individual units or as abutment supports for fixed or removable restorations in a predictable long-term manner. AIM: To compare and assess the compressive bond strength of glass, quartz, and carbon fiber posts restored with porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crown...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258264/flute-and-shank-dimensions-of-reciprocating-instruments-before-and-after-simulated-root-canal-shaping
#12
Felipe C Sampaio, Ana Pp Brito, Heloisa Hp Veloso, Ana Hg de Alencar, Daniel de A Decurcio, José Ap de Figueiredo, Carlos Estrela
AIM: This study analyzed the effect of the dimensions of the flute and shank in the first 4 mm of instrument tips on the deformation and dimensional changes of reciprocating instruments after root canal shaping (RCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The reciprocating instruments used were Reciproc(®) R25, R40, and R50; WaveOne(®) Small, Primary, and Large; and Unicone(®) #20, #25, and #40. Scanning electron microscopy images of the first 4 mm of the tip were acquired at 30× magnification before and after simulated curved root canals were shaped...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258263/evaluation-of-the-role-of-music-as-a-nonpharmacological-technique-in-management-of-child-patients
#13
Neha Gupta, Himanshu Gupta, Prahlad Gupta, Nidhi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Behavior management and reducing anxiety and pain are very important for success of treatment. Hence, apart from pharmacological management, such as conscious sedation, nonpharmacological interventions like music play a significant role. This study aims to evaluate the effects of music in reducing anxiety, pain, and behavior management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics in 2015. It consisted of 60 patients, age ranging from 3 to 7 years, who required dental treatment with local anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258262/clinical-success-of-fiber-reinforced-composite-resin-as-a-space-maintainer
#14
Zuhal Kirzioğlu, Z Zahit Çiftçi, Ceylan Ç Yetiş
INTRODUCTION: The early loss of deciduous molars is a frequently encountered problem in dentistry. Various space maintainer designs were developed to prevent the loss of the space. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term clinical performance and survival rates of fiber-reinforced composite resin (FRCR) as a space maintainer clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed on 44 children who had early missed deciduous molars. Space maintainers were prepared on plaster models of patients and fixed directly to the adjacent teeth...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258261/evaluating-various-preparation-protocols-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-repaired-composite
#15
Ayah A Al-Asmar, Khaled S Hatamleh, Muhanad Hatamleh, Mohammad Al-Rabab'ah
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of different combinations of various surface treatments on the shear bond strength (SBS) of repaired composite resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 122 composite samples were prepared from Filtek Z350 XT. Samples were light cured and stored for 6 weeks. Surface treatment of old composite was done in five groups: Group I: bur roughening + phosphoric acid etching, group II: bur roughening + hydrofluoric acid etching + silane coupling agent, group II: air abrasion + phosphoric acid etching, group IV: air abrasion + phosphoric acid etching + silane coupling agent, group V: air abrasion + hydrofluoric acid etching + silane coupling agent...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258260/antimicrobial-efficacy-of-mixtures-of-nanosilver-and-zinc-oxide-eugenol-against-enterococcus-faecalis
#16
Roza Haghgoo, Motahareh Ahmadvand, Mohammad Nyakan, Mojtaba Jafari
AIM: This study aimed to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of 0, 0.5, 2, and 5 wt% nanosilver in conjunction with zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) against Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanosilver in 0.5, 2, and 5 wt% concentrations was added to ZOE and the antibacterial activity of the mixtures on E. faecalis was assessed using disk diffusion method, and the results were reported as the diameter of the growth inhibition zone. RESULTS: The diameters of the growth inhibition zones around 0, 0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258259/a-genomic-microchip-for-oral-cancer
#17
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Nikunj Maniyar, Shankargouda Patil
A series of genetic mutations in somatic cell results in cancer. The cells of malignant tumor have the ability to acclimate to the microenvironmental changes. This can be attributed to the nature of tumor cell biology, i.e., based on effectual molecular signaling events.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174373/lasers-in-apicoectomy-a-brief-review
#18
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita, Luciano Giardino
Since the invention of laser, various applications for lasers in endodontics have been proposed, such as disinfection of the root canal system, canal shaping, pulp diagnosis, and apico-ectomy. One of the major applications of laser in endodontics is apicoectomy. The aim of this article is to review the benefits and drawbacks of laser applications in apicoectomy, including effect on apical seal, effect on dentin permeability, effect on postsurgery pain, effect on crack formation, effect on root-end morphology, effect on treatment outcome, and connective tissue response to laser-treated dentin...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#19
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174371/determinants-of-demand-in-the-public-dental-emergency-service
#20
Maria Sa Matsumoto, Marcia An Gatti, Marta Hs de Conti, Sandra F de Ap Simeão, Solange de Oliveira Braga Franzolin, Sara N Marta
INTRODUCTION: Although dental emergencies are primarily aimed at pain relief, in practice, dental emergency services have been overwhelmed by the massive inflow of patients with less complex cases, which could be resolved at basic levels of health care. They frequently become the main gateway to the system. We investigated the determinant factors of demand at the Central Dental Emergency Unit in Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was applied to 521 users to evaluate sociodemographic profile; factors that led users to seek the service at the central dental emergency; perception of service offered...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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