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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Sheetal S Choudhari, Deepak G Kulkarni, Sangeeta Patankar, Supriya M Kheur, Sachin C Sarode, Gargi S Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is characterized by excessive fibrosis of submucosa. The degree of vascularity in OSF has always been a matter of debate. Angiogenesis is the key mechanism involved in regeneration and repair. It also plays an important role in various pathologic conditions. Angiogenesis may contribute to the progression of fibrosis in fibrotic disorders. Inhibition of pathological angiogenesis is considered to be a new strategy for the treatment of various fibrotic disorders. In OSF, angiogenesis can be related to progression fibrosis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Hicham Riba, Asma Al-Shahrani, Hayat Al-Ghutaimel, Adel Al-Otaibi, Salim Al-Kahtani
INTRODUCTION: Parental presence/absence in the dental operatory (also called: Parent-in-parent-out technique) is an extremely controversial aspect of the nonpharmacological BMTs. Historically, dentists used to exclude parents from dental operatory to avoid their interference with the dentist's aptitude to build a rapport and relationship with the child, hence increasing the child management problems by disrupting treatment and making the dentist unfocused and uncomfortable. AIM: The purpose of this article is to review and emphasize on the importance of parental presence/absence in the dental operatory, especially in a certain age group, as a behavior management technique (BMT) in pediatric dentistry, and to present a modified view of this technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ahmad H Jabali
BACKGROUND: Root canal anatomy is a complex entity. The main objective of root canal treatment is to get rid of the infection and have a good apical and coronal seal with an appropriate filling. Inability to achieve thorough cleaning and shaping followed by three-dimensional obturation of the root canal system usually causes root canal treatment failure. For this reason, clinicians should be aware of these anatomical variations to achieve successful treatment. AIM: The aim of this article is to report on the successful treatment and follow-up of mandibular first molar with additional middle mesial (MM) and middle distal (MD) canals...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Khalil Kharma, Tatiana Zogheib, Shilpa Bhandi, Carina Mehanna
AIM: The aim of this study was to clinically compare glass ionomer cement (GIC) with microhybrid composite resin used in class I cavities on permanent teeth over a period of 9 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 teeth with class I cavities were divided into two groups (n = 20) and restored with GIC (EQUIA; GC) and microhybrid resin composite (Amelogen Plus; Ultradent). Restorations were evaluated at ×4.5 magnification using the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria every 3 months...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Mohammad Behnaz, Fatemeh Namvar, Setareh Sohrabi, Mina Parishanian
INTRODUCTION: Force decay elastomeric chains are significant, and it is a clinical problem. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of bleaching agent in the mouthwash on the force decay of orthodontic chains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, 160 gray closed elastomeric chains were randomly divided into three groups (one control and two test groups). Four loops of chains were stretched for 25 mm on custom-made jig...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Veeranjaneyalu Mamthashri, Bokka Praveen Reddy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Intraoperative antibiotics may be effective in elective surgery; there may be an advantage to starting antibiotics preoperatively when there is already an infective focus, such as compound facial fractures. The purpose of this study is to compare preoperative and intraoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in compound facial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study conducted over a period of 2 years on 50 patients, who underwent open reduction and rigid internal fixation...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Deepinder Singh, Guneet Kaur, Dipanshu Bakshi, Jasjit Sahota, Ambika Thakur, Shekhar Grover
AIM: The aim of this study is to find if there is any correlation between the hematological parameters and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis and severity of the disease in such patients when compared with the nonankylosed patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients with age ranging from 10 to 40 years were included in the study after excluding the subjects according to the inclusion criteria. We categorized the subjects into two major groups: group I: control (nonankylosed/ healthy subjects) and group II: study group (ankylosed subjects) with each group containing 35 subjects (n = 35) respectively...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Achla Sethi, Sameer Makkar, Kanwar Sidharth, Taranjit Kaur, Sukhpash Singh Sandhu, Amit K Joseph
AIM: The aim of this study is to perform three-point bend test on submicron hybrid composite fabricated with direct and indirect veneer technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 maxillary anterior teeth were selected, and labial reduction of 0.5 to 0.75 mm with a chamfered finish line for veneer preparation was done. Teeth were divided into two groups depending on fabrication technique being used: group I-veneers fabricated with light and group II-veneers fabricated with light and heat (PHOTOPOL)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Niwut Juntavee, Apa Juntavee, Phuwiwat Saensutthawijit
AIM: This study evaluated the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) illumination bleaching technique on the surface nanohardness of various computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramic materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty disk-shaped samples (width, length, and thickness = 10, 15, and 2 mm) were prepared from each of the ceramic materials for CAD/CAM, including Lava™ Ultimate (LV), Vita Enamic® (En) IPS e.max® CAD (Me), inCoris® TZI (IC), and Prettau® zirconia (Pr)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sultan Keles, Yucel Yilmaz, Orhan Sezen
AIM: This study evaluated the influence of various doses of radiotherapy on the microtensile bond strength (pTBS) of compomer resin to dentin and enamel in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five intact primary molars were collected and divided into seven groups. Teeth were irradiated with doses from 10 to 60 Gy, except for the control group. Compomer restorations were performed, and enamel-compomer resin beams and dentin-compomer resin beams were tested at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Wadih Nassif, Mohamad Rifai
AIM: The aim of this study was to characterize the surface of zirconia subjected to different treatments and evaluate its effect on cell adhesion and proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 zirconia disks were divided into four groups (n = 20) according to the surface treatments used: group I: as-sintered (AS), no surface treatment applied; group II: abrasion treatment applied using Rocatec (ROC; 3M ESPE) system with silica-coated alumina powder of grit size 110 μm; group III: erbium, chromium:yttrium, scandium, gallium, garnet (Er, Cr:YSGG) laser (LAS; BIOLASE) was used at a frequency of 20 Hz and output power of 3 W; and group IV: specimens were subjected to the selective infiltration etching (SIE) technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
H S Indrakumar, Deepa Venkatesh, Vidya V Adoni, Rucha Kashyap, D Jayanthi, Nikhil Prakash
INTRODUCTION: Edentulism is one of the debilitating states affecting a significant portion of the geriatric population. It is often considered as the ultimate marker for predicting the pressure and burden on oral health. Respiration is also a routine vital function running continuously through the human body and most commonly assessed by a spirometer. Hence, we planned the present study to assess the impact of complete dentures on the functioning of the respiratory system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, a spirometric assessment of the effect of complete dentures on respiratory performance was done...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Lipsa Bhuyan, Sambit Sarangi, Bijoy K Das, Surya N Das, Sarat Nayak
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the proliferative index (PI) at their invasive front of oral cancer and their association with Bryne's grades of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and compare the PI with lymph node metastasis, site of involvement, and habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Ki-67 antigen expression was immunohistochemically evaluated in a total of 102 cases that included the histopathologically diagnosed archival specimens of OSCCs. They were subdivided by Bryne's histopathological grading into grade I (40 cases), grade II (32 cases), and grade III (30 cases)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Dipanshu Bakshi, Guneet Kaur, Deepinder Singh, Jasjit Sahota, Ambika Thakur, Shekhar Grover
INTRODUCTION: Both periodontitis and type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are common diseases with a multifactorial etiology and have influence of cytokines in their pathogenesis and thus may also influence each other. In recent times, more attention has been given to understanding the influences of these inflammatory cytokines which are a main part of oral chronic inflammation on systemic health of the individuals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the plasma cytokine levels, specifically tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-4, in chronic periodontitis patients and T2DM patients, so as to investigate the influence of chronic periodontitis in systemic inflammation associated with diabetes mellitus...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Hasan Skienhe, Roland Habchi, Hani F Ounsi, Marco Ferrari, Ziad Salameh
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on roughness, grain size, and phase transformation of presintered zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surface treatments included airborne particle abrasion (APA) before and after sintering with different particles shape, size, and pressure (50 μm Al2O3, 50 μm glass beads, and ceramic powder). Thirty-five square-shaped presin-tered yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramic slabs (Zenostar ZR bridge, Wieland) were prepared (4 mm height × 10 mm width × 10 mm length) and polished with silicon carbide grit papers #800, 1000, 1200, 1500, and 2000 to ensure identical initial roughness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sandhya P Naik, Sameer Punathil, Praveena Shetty, Ipsita Jayanti, Md Jalaluddin, Anisha Avijeeta
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different bristle designs of toothbrushes and the periodontal status among patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) consisted of 45 adolescents (comprising 20 males and 25 females) undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. The study participants were randomly allocated to three groups, each group being assigned a locally available toothbrush with a particular design of toothbrush bristle...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Alex M Muruppel, Joyce Thomas, Sudeep Saratchandran, Dinesh Nair, Sheeba Gladstone, Milen M Rajeev
AIM: This in vitro study evaluated the resistance form of die preparations for all ceramic restorations and, thereby, explored the concept of effective taper and its correlation between the ideal in theory and actual in the clinical situation by analyzing the digital images of the die preparations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scanned digital images of 114 die preparations for all ceramic restorations (n = 114) were collected from a dental laboratory. All the images were also analyzed digitally using Adobe Photoshop® software to analyze the degree of taper (angle of convergence) of each preparation and then applied the Zuckerman's circle, and the Lewis perpendicular methods were used to measure the resistance form...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fahimeh Daneshyar, Zahra Khamverdi, Tayebeh Toliat, Mohammad Y Alikhani
AIM: Root caries is a common, debilitating condition particularly in the elderly population, which can lead to tooth loss. Evidence shows that green tea has cariostatic effects. Considering the gap of information on green tea varnish, this study aimed to assess the efficacy of green tea varnish in the prevention of root caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro experimental study was performed on 42 sound premolars. Two layers of acid-resistant nail varnish were applied on root surfaces except for a window of 1 × 4 mm...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
H P Vivek, G M Prashant, Seema Geetha, Sabari Chandramohan, Md Imranulla, P B Srinidhi
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of mouth-rinses containing olive oil, fluoride, and their combination on enamel erosion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in vitro study of 45 enamel specimens, which were prepared from 45 extracted teeth, was employed. Each specimen was subjected to 10 alternative demineralization and remineralization cycles. Remineralizing cycle includes 5 minutes exposure with one of the mouthrinse, and demineralizing cycle includes 3 minute exposure to 1% citric acid...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Zahra Talattof, Azita Azad, Maryam Zahed, Nazanin Shahradnia
AIM: The most common fungal infection among human population is candidiasis, the etiology of which is mostly Candida albicans. As a result of a disrupted balance of the normal flora or a compromised immune system, Candida species can become pathogenic. Various in vitro surveys have shown that glucose intake is a promoter of C. albicans growth, whereas in vivo studies have found that xylitol can decrease the risk of candidiasis and angular cheilitis. Hence, we aimed to evaluate for the first time the inhibitory effects of xylitol on C...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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