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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512283/unusual-root-canal-irrigation-solutions
#1
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
Microorganisms and their by-products play a critical role in pulp and periradicular pathosis. Therefore, one of the main purposes of root canal treatment is disinfection of the entire system of the canal. This aim may be obtained using mechanical preparation, chemical irrigation, and temporary medication of the canal. For this purpose, various irrigation solutions have been advocated. Common root canal irrigants, such as sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, and a mixture of tetracycline, acid, and detergent have been extensively reviewed...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512282/orthopedic-effect-of-chin-cup-during-mixed-dentition-stage
#2
Hussein N Al-Khalifa, Mohamed I Hashem, Khalid J Alanazi, Sukumaran Anil
INTRODUCTION: Chin cup (CC) therapy has been used as the traditional appliance for treating class III malocclusion during mixed dentition period. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CC on the improvement of skeletal and dentoalveo-lar skeletal changes in class III patients during mixed dentition stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients (7-9 years old) with skeletal class III malocclusion were selected based on clinical and cephalometric examination...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512281/intricate-assessment-and-evaluation-of-long-term-implant-success-as-affected-by-clinicomicrobial-and-salivary-diagnostics-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Deepti Raghav, Fawaz Alqahtani, Fatima J Albaker, Tushar V Bhagat, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Replacement of missing teeth by dental implants is one of the most common methods employed these days. Because of significant advancement in the design of implants and modifications in the procedure of dental implant surgery, the survival rate of the dental implants has reached up to approximately 95%. Osseointegration is one of the important factors affecting the survival of dental implants. Apart from these, the body's physiologic alterations can also predispose the dental implants for failure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512280/herpes-simplex-1-and-periopathogen-role-in-peri-implantitis
#4
S Parthiban, Nizar Ahmed, T Ramakrishnan, V Balakumar, Manoj Raja, Himanshu Shekhar
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to compare the qualitative and quantitative profiles of herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1) in implant surfaces between participants with peri-implantitis (PI) and Healthy peri-implant tissues and to quantitatively assess the relation between HSV-1 and periopathogens inside the microbiological profile associated with PI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with PI and 40 with healthy peri-implant tissues (HI) were recruited...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512279/antimicrobial-potential-of-plant-extracts-and-chemical-fractions-of-sideroxylon-obtusifolium-roem-schult-t-d-penn-on-oral-microorganisms
#5
Thaíse Pd Sampaio, Nathália Ao Cartaxo-Furtado, Ana Cd de Medeiros, Harley S Alves, Pedro L Rosalen, Jozinete V Pereira
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and chemical fractions of Sideroxylon obtusifolium T.D. Penn on Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus parasanguinis, and Candida albicans as well as to identify the chemical classes found in the bioactive extracts possessing better activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Freeze-dried hydroalcoholic extracts of the bark and leaves (LC and LF respectively) and ethanol extracts of bark and leaves (EC and EF respectively) of S...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512278/use-of-collagen-matrix-for-augmentation-of-the-peri-implant-soft-tissue-at-the-time-of-immediate-implant-placement
#6
Gregor-Georg Zafiropoulos, Gordon John
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the treatment outcome of the use of a porcine monolayer collagen matrix (mCM) to augment peri-implant soft tissue in conjunction with immediate implant placement as an alternative to patient's own connective tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 implants were placed immediately in 27 patients (14 males and 13 females, with a mean age of 52.2 years) with simultaneous augmentation of the soft tissue by the use of a mCM...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512277/accuracy-of-working-length-determination-using-novapex-and-root-zx-apex-locators-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Vahid Zand, Saeed Rahimi, Paria Davoudi, Abubakr Afshang
INTRODUCTION: This ex vivo study evaluated the accuracy of the Root-ZX electronic apex locator (EAL) (J. Morita, Tokyo, Japan) and the NovApex (Forum Technologies, Rishon Lezion, Israel) in determining the working length (WL) during endodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted single-rooted human teeth were selected for this study. The actual WL was measured with visual technique by a size #15 k-file under magnification. Then, the canal lengths were measured electronically with both Root-ZX and NovApex apex locators within ±0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512276/osteoporosis-knowledge-and-related-health-behavior-among-women-in-jazan-region-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#8
Ismail A Darout, Abdelwhab Alamir, Sameena Sultana
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease that can be prevented to some extent by awareness of its risk factors and related health behavior. The aim of this study was to collect information about knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis among women living in Jazan and to describe the type of food habits, sociodemographic characteristics, and other osteoporosis-related health behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512275/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-pregnant-women-regarding-oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-following-oral-health-education-in-pune-district-of-maharashtra-a-longitudinal-hospital-based-study
#9
Roshani M Chawla, Sahana H Shetiya, Deepti R Agarwal, Pranjan Mitra, Nikhil A Bomble, D Satya Narayana
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a natural process that may create some changes in different parts of the body including the oral cavity. These changes will lead to oral diseases if enough and timely care of oral cavity is not taken. Women may experience increased gingivitis or pregnancy gingivitis beginning in the second or third month of pregnancy that increases in severity throughout the duration of pregnancy. To motivate the patient toward oral health and implement the needed prophylactic measures, a longitudinal study was planned to observe the effect of oral health education during pregnancy on knowledge, attitude, practice, oral health status, and treatment needs (TNs) of pregnant women belonging to different socioeconomic groups...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512274/glucose-transporter-1-expression-in-odontogenic-keratocyst-dentigerous-cyst-and-ameloblastoma-an-immunohistochemical-study
#10
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Abikshyeet Panda, Shyam S Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Kailash C Dash, Pallavi Mishra
INTRODUCTION: An array of odontogenic lesions manifest in the maxillofacial region with variable presentations. The biological behavior of lesions, such as odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), dentigerous cyst (DC), and ameloblastoma (AM) always invite debate. Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) is proven to be an indicator of metabolic behavior of several benign and malignant neoplasms. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of GLUT-1 in OKC, DC, and AM to understand their metabolic behavior...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512273/comparison-of-complications-in-removable-mandibular-acrylic-splint-and-cantilever-herbst-for-management-of-class-ii-malocclusion-a-retrospective-study
#11
R K Kanuru, Vinny Bhasin, Amit Khatri, K K Dodda, Era Singh, Shekhar Grover
INTRODUCTION: Numerous appliances are present for the management of class II malocclusion. We have conducted a study to compare the clinical complications during treatment with either a removable mandibular acrylic splint (RMS) or with a cantilever Herbst (HC) appliance for the management of class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consisted of records of 114 patients (61 males, 53 females), who were divided into two groups. Group I received RMS and group II received HC for the treatment of class II, Division 1 malocclusion...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512272/apical-periodontitis-and-endodontic-treatment-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-comparative-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Leena Smadi
AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients compared with nondiabetic patients and to examine the effect of glycemic control on the prevalence of AP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiographs of a group of DM patients were compared with those of a matched nondiabetic group to identify AP. The diabetic group was subdivided according to the level of glycemic control into two subgroups: A well-controlled DM and a poorly controlled DM...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512271/staining-beverages-and-cigarette-smoke-on-composite-resin-and-human-tooth-fluorescence-by-direct-spectrometry
#13
Tânia Mara da Silva, Natália Yamachita da Silva, Lucélia Lemes Gonçalves, Leandro Procópio Alves, Adjaci Uchoa Fernandes, Sérgio Eduardo de Paiva Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the fluorescence intensity (FI) of different brands of composite resins (CRs) and compare those values with the FI of human tooth, under the action of cigarette smoke (CI), coffee (CA), and soft drink (CO), measured by direct spectrometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 specimens of each brand (Filtek Z350, Esthet-X, Amelogen, Durafill) were made. Others 30 tooth specimens (3 mm/diameter) were obtained from human molars using a trephine bur...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512270/abscopal-effect-propitious-or-pernicious
#14
Sachin C Sarode, Nikunj Maniyar, Gargi S Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Recent advances in the field of radiation biology have increased our knowledge of cellular responses to radiation and microenvironmental disseminations through radiation at molecular level.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349917/emperipolesis-an-unreported-novel-phenomenon-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Emperipolesis is a phenomenon characterized by engulfment of hematopoietic cells by megakaryocytes, monocytes, fibroblasts, and malignant cells within their cytoplasm. This phenomenon has been reported in various physiological and pathological conditions including malignancies. However, emperipolesis has never been reported in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) till date. We have analyzed histopathological slides of 56 cases of OSCC to see lymphocyte engulfment by tumor cells. Five cases showing features of this phenomenon were observed...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349916/twelve-impacted-supernumerary-teeth-in-a-nonsyndromic-patient-a-rare-case-report
#16
Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Fareedi Mukram Ali
Teeth in excess number than the normal count are called supernumerary teeth. They can be either unilateral or bilateral and single or multiple, found at any place in the dental arch, but most commonly found in the anterior maxillary region. Supernumerary teeth are commonly associated with syndromes when present in more numbers, but can be idiopathic. The present study shows a case report of a 16-year-old female patient who reported with overretained deciduous teeth. A panoramic radiograph showed multiple impacted supernumerary teeth...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349915/use-of-mini-anchors-and-rehabilitation-with-0%C3%A2-cusp-angle-teeth-complete-denture-in-recurrent-condylar-dislocation-technical-adequacy-and-procedure
#17
Rafaella de S Leão, Edmilson Z da S Júnior, Marília Gm de Alencar, Raisa Q Catunda, Sandra Ld de Moraes, Belmiro C do E Vasconcelos
AIM: To report a case of association between the surgical treatment of temporomandibular dysfunction and rehabilitation with denture total prosthesis (TP) using nonanatomic teeth (cusp 0°) in patients with anterior recurrent dislocation of the temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) and persistent uncontrolled mandibular movement, showing a technical adaptation and conduct. INTRODUCTION: There are several treatment approaches available for dislocation of the TMJ. The use of condylar mini-anchors for recurrent TMJ dislocation is a valid option and should be considered since it does not alter the joint anatomy...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349914/outcome-of-single-vs-multiple-visit-endodontic-therapy-of-nonvital-teeth-a-meta-analysis
#18
Dulce O Almeida, Sônia Cl Chaves, Ronaldo A Souza, Felipe F Soares
INTRODUCTION: Endodontic therapy is a specialized procedure more demanded by patients within public oral health care in the country. Then, single-visit endodontic therapy may offer advantages to the health care services, to the professionals, and to the patients by reducing access barriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A meta-analysis was done and the variables evaluated were periapical repair, microbiological control, and postobturation pain in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving endodontic treatment of nonvital teeth at single- or multiple visits...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349913/establishing-apical-patency-to-be-or-not-to-be
#19
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
INTRODUCTION: The apical portion of the root canal is very complex and challenging during endodontic treatment. Root canal preparation and obturation to the apical constriction may provide the best prognosis. Incomplete debridement, foramen transportation, and inadequate seal in the apical portion are considered to be responsible for treatment failure. The technique "apical patency" is considered as a way for maintaining the apical part the free of the debris by recapitulation, using a small K-file through the area of the apical foramen...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349912/correlation-of-orthodontic-treatment-by-fixed-or-myofunctional-appliances-and-periodontitis-a-retrospective-study
#20
Kanchan Sharma, Sukhpreet Mangat, Modi S Kichorchandra, Akash Handa, Suresh Bindhumadhav, Meenakshi Meena
INTRODUCTION: Malocclusion plays an important role in the development of periodontitis. Thus, by treating malocclusion, a good gingival health can be achieved. This study was conducted to establish the correlation between orthodontic tooth movement and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted on 220 patients who underwent orthodontic treatment for malocclusion. They were divided into two groups: Group I patients were treated with fixed orthodontics, while group II patients received myofunctional appliances...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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