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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816200/institutional-ethics-committee-regulations-and-current-updates-in-india
#1
Amit V Mahuli, Simpy A Mahuli, Shankargouda Patil, Shilpa Bhandi
AIM: The aim of the review is to provide current updates on regulations for ethics committees and researchers in India. BACKGROUND: Ethical dilemmas in research since time immemorial have been a major concern for researchers worldwide. The question "what makes clinical research ethical" is significant and difficult to answer as multiple factors are involved. REVIEW RESULTS: The research involving human participants in clinical trials should follow the required rules, regulations, and guidelines in one's own country...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816199/early-childhood-caries-a-review
#2
Abdulfatah Alazmah
AIM: To review and update the current knowledge about early childhood caries (ECC) and its etiology, prevalence, risk factors, management, and preventive strategies. BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a disease affecting significantly both well-developed and industrial nations. The ECC can significantly affect the child's quality of life, as it may lead to infection, swelling, pain, and other symptoms. The ECC affects children after eruption of primary teeth until age of around 5 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816198/lingual-frenectomy-in-joubert-syndrome
#3
Vivek Gurjar, Minal Gurjar, Channaveer Pattanshetti, Banashree Sankeshwari
AIM: Our aim is to present a case of a rare disorder, such as Joubert syndrome (JS) which required oral surgical intervention under general anesthesia at a very young age to help in achieving normal developmental milestones. BACKGROUND: Ciliopathies are an emerging class of diseases of which JS is a significant member. There have been very few cases of JS with its distinguishing features which have been reported in recent literature. CASE REPORT: We herewith present a case of JS who reported to our unit with a complaint of speech abnormality...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816197/cytological-changes-in-normal-oral-mucosa-of-individuals-with-tobacco-habits-a-cytomorphometric-study
#4
Pavan Palakurthy, Pavan G Kulkarni, Rateesh K Nandan, T Madhusudan Rao, D Shyam P Reddy, Keerthi Muddana
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is one of the six most common cancers in the world, and globally more than 50% of head and neck cancers occur in Asia, remarkably in India. Overall, 200,000 cases of head and neck cancers occur each year in India, among which 80,000 are oral cancers. Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest a causative role of tobacco use in the evolution of oral potentially malignant and malignant disorders. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate independently and compare the cytological effects of smoking, tobacco chewing, and smoking in conjunction with tobacco chewing on oral mucosa by cytomorphometric analysis...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816196/denture-hygiene-knowledge-and-practices-among-complete-denture-wearers-attending-a-postgraduate-dental-institute
#5
Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd, Vinay Suresan, Sneha Mantri, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra, Pragya Panday
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge and practices among patients using complete dentures attending a postgraduate dental hospital in Jabalpur city. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between hygiene knowledge and practices to the denture wearer's gender, education, and income. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving the complete denture patients attending the Department of Prosthodontics...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816195/pentraxin-3-levels-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-during-canine-retraction-with-nickel-titanium-coil-spring-and-active-tieback
#6
Rakesh Thukral, Sukhpreet Mangat, Anvesha Ganguly, Sanket S Agarkar, Harleen Bali, Shekhar Grover
AIM: Orthodontic treatment is routinely carried out in patients with the purpose of correcting various forms of dental malocclusions. Retraction of the canines can be achieved either individually or along with incisor. Pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) is regarded as the true independent indicator of disease activity. Hence, we undertook the present study to assess and compare the level of PTX-3 in patients undergoing canine retraction with active tieback and Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) coil spring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included assessment of 25 patients that underwent canine retraction as a part of fixed orthodontic treatment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816194/risk-factors-associated-with-dental-implant-failure-a-study-of-302-implants-placed-in-a-regional-center
#7
Mehmet Oztel, Wojciech M Bilski, Arthur Bilski
AIM: The aim of this research is to determine which risk factors are associated with dental implant failure and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data pertaining to patients who received one or more dental implants from 2011 to 2013 in a regional center were retrospectively reviewed. This included a total of 302 Biomet 3i NanoTite Tapered Certain implants placed in 177 patients. All patients were followed up until the end of 2015. RESULTS: This study found an overall success rate of 95%...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816193/gingival-zenith-positions-and-levels-of-maxillary-anterior-dentition-in-cases-of-bimaxillary-protrusion-a-morphometric-analysis
#8
Snigdha Gowd, T Shankar, Suravi Chatterjee, Pritam Mohanty, Nivedita Sahoo, Srinivas Baratam
AIM: To investigate the two clinical parameters, such as gingival zenith positions (GZPs) and gingival zenith levels (GZLs), of maxillary anterior dentition in bimaxillary protrusion cases and collate it with severiety of crown inclination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gingival zenith position and GZL in 40 healthy patients (29 females and 11 males) with an average age of 21.5 years were assessed. Inclusion criteria involved absence of periodontal diseases, Angle's class I molar relationship, and upper anterior proclination within 25 to 45° based on Steiner's analysis; exclusion criteria included spacing, crowding, anterior restoration and teeth with incisor attrition or rotation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#9
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816191/histologic-variants-of-calcifying-odontogenic-cyst-a-study-of-52-cases
#10
Soussan Irani, Forough Foroughi
AIM: This study aimed at evaluating histological features of 52 cases of calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC), which is an uncommon benign odontogenic lesion. The World Health Organization (WHO) classified COC as a neoplasm and used the term calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT) for benign cystic type and the dentinogenic ghost cell tumor (DGCT) for the benign solid-type lesions. There is no agreement regarding COC classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 52 cases of COC were selected and reviewed from the archive of the Pathology Department of Taleghani Educational Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816190/comparison-between-color-spaces-of-vita-lumin-shade-guide-with-natural-teeth-in-bengaluru-population-using-spectrocolorimeter-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Rohit M Shetty, Adarsh N Bhat, Nishant Gupta, Deepak Mehta, Gopalakrishna Srivatsa, Ipsha Singh
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the color space of Vita Lumin shade guide (SG) with the natural teeth of the local population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 maxillary central incisors (100 patients) were subjected to color measurement with a spectrocolorimeter. For each tooth, L*, a*, b* values were recorded. All the shade tabs of Vita Lumin SG were analyzed with a spectrocolorimeter to define the color space covered by the Vita Lumin SG. The L*a*b* values of natural teeth were plotted on separate scattered diagrams and compared...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816189/effect-of-different-dentifrices-on-the-surface-roughness-of-acrylic-resins-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Nitin Gautam, Aditi Sharma, Unjum Bashir, Sisir Rapolu, Nallamilli Mamatha, Siripurapu Sravani
AIM: This study was undertaken to study the effect of three most commonly used dentifrices for denture cleaning and to find out any positive association between number of strokes by toothbrush and surface roughness of acrylic resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 40 acrylic rectangular blocks with high finish were polished until surface roughness was calculated as 0 pirn. The materials tested were distilled water as a control group, Patanjali Dant Kanti, Colgate Total Cream, and Cleansodent as dentifrices...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816188/assessment-of-changes-in-nickel-and-chromium-levels-in-the-gingival-crevicular-fluid-during-fixed-orthodontic-treatment
#13
Vinny Bhasin, Swati J Pustake, Viprat Joshi, Anil Tiwari, Meenakshi Bhasin, Ramandeep S Punia
BACKGROUND: Various components of appliances used in fixed orthodontic treatment are fabricated from materials that are highly resistant in nature and have high strength and biocompatibility. Corrosion of materials occurs inside the oral cavity due to numerous environmental or oral factors that act on them. These factors include temperature, pH variation, salivary conditions, mechanical loads, microbiological and enzymatic activity, and various food components. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is the material obtained from the gingival sulcus and might act as a potential source for various biomarkers in the orthodontic setup because inflammatory-induced response is directly related to orthodontic forces in GCF...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816187/comparison-of-film-thickness-of-two-commercial-brands-of-glass-lonomer-cement-and-one-dual-cured-composite-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Rajat R Khajuria, Rishav Singh, Pranamee Barua, Nausheen Hajira, Naveen Gupta, Rohit R Thakkar
AIM: The present study is undertaken to examine the film thickness of three most commonly used luting cements and to determine their usage as a luting agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out strictly according to the guidelines of American Dental Association (ADS) specification no. 8. Two glass slabs of 5 cm in length and 2 cm in width were used. One glass slab was kept over the other glass slab and the space between the two glass slabs was measured using metallurgical microscope at the power of 10*...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816186/reliability-of-orthopantomography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-presurgical-implant-planning-a-clinical-study
#15
Jasjit Sahota, Aditya Bhatia, Megha Gupta, Vishal Singh, Juhi Soni, Richa Soni
BACKGROUND: Preoperative diagnosis and treatment planning are fundamental requirements to ensure success rate of implant. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) provides all three dimensions and has been proved as a tool for radiology, especially in the success of implant. This study was conducted to evaluate the reliability of orthopantomography (OPG) and CBCT in presurgical implant planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 110 partially or completely edentulous adult patients (male 50 and female 60)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816185/an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-friction-characteristics-of-conventional-stainless-steel-and-self-ligating-stainless-steel-brackets-with-different-dimensions-of-archwires-in-various-bracket-archwire-combination
#16
K Sridharan, Shailesh Sandbhor, U B Rajasekaran, George Sam, M Mohamed Ramees, Esther A Abraham
AIM: The purpose of this research is to compare the frictional attributes of stainless steel conventional brackets and self-ligating stainless steel brackets with different dimensions of archwires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The test was carried with two sets of maxillary brackets: (1) Conventional stainless steel (Victory Series), (2) stainless steel self-ligating (SmartClip) without first premolar brackets. Stainless steel, nickel-titanium (NiTi), and beta-Ti which are the types of orthodontic wire alloys were tested in this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816184/early-screening-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-primary-care-dental-clinics-at-king-saud-university-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Emad M Hadlaq, Ziyad T Faraj, Fahad M Al Gamdi, Faisal A Al Obathani, Mashael F Abuabat, Kamran H Awan
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are the leading chronic diseases in Saudi Arabia; 23.1% of the Saudi population are diabetic and 25.5% are hypertensive. This cross-sectional study was made on dental setting to determine the effectiveness of screening of diabetes and hypertension in dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in the primary care dental clinics at the Dental College in King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816183/impact-of-polishing-systems-on-the-surface-roughness-and-microhardness-of-nanocomposites
#18
Yasser Alfawaz
AIM: The aim of this article is to evaluate the influence of finishing and polishing techniques on the surface roughness and microhardness of two composite resins with two different types of polishing systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 disk-shaped specimens of nanocomposite Filtek™ Z350 and Ceram-X® were prepared. They were divided into three groups. The control group (n = 10) received no finishing and polishing. The remaining specimens were divided into two groups, and they received polishing and finishing either with PoGo or Sof-Lex system...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816182/a-survey-of-endodontic-practices-among-dentists-in-burkina-faso
#19
Wendpoulomdé Ad Kaboré, Valérie Chevalier, Yolande Gnagne-Koffi, Carole Dw Ouédraogo, Diouma Ndiaye, Babacar Faye
AIM: Dental surgeons must be aware of the most appropriate endodontic treatments and how to properly conduct them. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of dental surgeons in Burkina Faso in terms of endodontic treatment procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed during the regular annual conference of the National Board of Dental Surgeons of Burkina Faso, held on February 27 and 28, 2015 in Ouagadougou, through a questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816181/antimicrobial-and-antiproliferative-activity-of-bauhinia-forficata-link-and-cnidoscolus-quercifolius-extracts-commonly-used-in-folk-medicine
#20
Erika P Alves, Rennaly de F Lima, Carolina M de Almeida, Irlan A Freires, Pedro L Rosalen, Ana Ltg Ruiz, Ana F Granville-Garcia, Gustavo P Godoy, Jozinete V Pereira, Edja Mm de Brito Costa
BACKGROUND: Bauhinia forficata and Cnidoscolus quercifolius plants are commonly used in folk medicine. However, few studies have investigated their therapeutic potential. AIM: Herein, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of B. forficata and C. quercifolius extracts against microorganisms of clinical relevance and their antiproliferative potential against tumor cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following tests were performed: Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC)/minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC), inhibition of biofilm adhesion, and effects on cell morphology...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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