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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Emperipolesis is a phenomenon characterized by engulfment of hematopoietic cells by megakaryocytes, monocytes, fibroblasts, and malignant cells within their cytoplasm. This phenomenon has been reported in various physiological and pathological conditions including malignancies. However, emperipolesis has never been reported in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) till date. We have analyzed histopathological slides of 56 cases of OSCC to see lymphocyte engulfment by tumor cells. Five cases showing features of this phenomenon were observed...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Fareedi Mukram Ali
Teeth in excess number than the normal count are called supernumerary teeth. They can be either unilateral or bilateral and single or multiple, found at any place in the dental arch, but most commonly found in the anterior maxillary region. Supernumerary teeth are commonly associated with syndromes when present in more numbers, but can be idiopathic. The present study shows a case report of a 16-year-old female patient who reported with overretained deciduous teeth. A panoramic radiograph showed multiple impacted supernumerary teeth...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rafaella de S Leão, Edmilson Z da S Júnior, Marília Gm de Alencar, Raisa Q Catunda, Sandra Ld de Moraes, Belmiro C do E Vasconcelos
AIM: To report a case of association between the surgical treatment of temporomandibular dysfunction and rehabilitation with denture total prosthesis (TP) using nonanatomic teeth (cusp 0°) in patients with anterior recurrent dislocation of the temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) and persistent uncontrolled mandibular movement, showing a technical adaptation and conduct. INTRODUCTION: There are several treatment approaches available for dislocation of the TMJ. The use of condylar mini-anchors for recurrent TMJ dislocation is a valid option and should be considered since it does not alter the joint anatomy...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Dulce O Almeida, Sônia Cl Chaves, Ronaldo A Souza, Felipe F Soares
INTRODUCTION: Endodontic therapy is a specialized procedure more demanded by patients within public oral health care in the country. Then, single-visit endodontic therapy may offer advantages to the health care services, to the professionals, and to the patients by reducing access barriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A meta-analysis was done and the variables evaluated were periapical repair, microbiological control, and postobturation pain in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving endodontic treatment of nonvital teeth at single- or multiple visits...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
INTRODUCTION: The apical portion of the root canal is very complex and challenging during endodontic treatment. Root canal preparation and obturation to the apical constriction may provide the best prognosis. Incomplete debridement, foramen transportation, and inadequate seal in the apical portion are considered to be responsible for treatment failure. The technique "apical patency" is considered as a way for maintaining the apical part the free of the debris by recapitulation, using a small K-file through the area of the apical foramen...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Kanchan Sharma, Sukhpreet Mangat, Modi S Kichorchandra, Akash Handa, Suresh Bindhumadhav, Meenakshi Meena
INTRODUCTION: Malocclusion plays an important role in the development of periodontitis. Thus, by treating malocclusion, a good gingival health can be achieved. This study was conducted to establish the correlation between orthodontic tooth movement and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted on 220 patients who underwent orthodontic treatment for malocclusion. They were divided into two groups: Group I patients were treated with fixed orthodontics, while group II patients received myofunctional appliances...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Geetha Kasinathan, Pradeep B Kommi, Senthil M Kumar, Aniruddh Yashwant, Nandakumar Arani, Senkutvan Sabapathy
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the reliability of soft tissue landmark identification between manual and digital plot-tings in both X and Y axes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 pretreatment lateral cephalograms were selected from patients who reported for orthodontic treatment. The digital images of each cephalogram were imported directly into Dolphin software for onscreen digi-talization, while for manual tracing, images were printed using a compatible X-ray printer...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Aarti A Bohora, Sharad R Kokate
INTRODUCTION: The main goal of endodontics is the prevention of apical periodontitis. This is due to the presence of persistent pathogenic microorganisms, such as Enterococcus faecalis, and its ability to directly cause acute and chronic inflammation in the periapical tissues. Lactobacillus has been shown to promote health in the intestines as well as to inhibit the growth of certain problematic oral bacteria. This study explores shifting the established paradigm of endodontic treatment, which has focused on eliminating all bacteria from the canal system and on elimination of the problematic bacteria through introducing probiotics...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Megha Gupta, Suman Panda
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the cariogenic potential of the commonly prescribed pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) for dental disease in Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven most commonly prescribed PLMs were selected by prior questioning the pediatric dentists as well as general dentists in Jazan region. The endogenous pH and sucrose concentrations of the liquid medicaments were assessed. The endogenous pH was assessed by Hanna pH meter instrument...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Hosam Baeshen, Sabin Salahuddin, Robel Dam, Khalid H Zawawi, Dowen Birkhed
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are all induced by oral biofilm (dental plaque). This study was conducted to evaluate if fluoride-impregnated miswak is as effective in plaque removal and fluoride release as toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind, randomized, crossover study was conducted at the Department of Cariology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, from February 2010 to January 2011. Fifteen healthy subjects participated in this study...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fátima Mm Facchini, Mario Vedovello Filho, Silvia As Vedovello, Flávio A Cotrim, Andrຟa Cotrim-Ferreira, Carlos Am Tubel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the difference in surface roughness of stainless steel archwires of different commercial brands used in lingual orthodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Precontoured arches measuring 0.016'' × 0.022'' were selected of the following brands: Tecnident, Adenta, G&H, Highland Metals Inc., Ormco, Incognito, and Ebraces. Quantitative evaluation of the surface roughness of archwires was performed by means of an atomic force microscope in contact mode...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Sara A Alsubait
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the push-out bond strength of NeoMTA Plus (NMTA), EndoSequence root repair material fast set putty (ERRMF), biodentine (BD), and ProRoot white mineral trioxide aggregate (PMTA) when used as perforation repair materials after exposure to 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) during the early setting phase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Horizontal midroot sections were prepared from single-rooted human teeth. Sections (n = 144) were randomly divided into four groups: PMTA, BD, NMTA, and ERRMF...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Cleidiel Aa Lemos, Silvio J Mauro, Paulo H Dos Santos, Andre Lf Briso, Ticiane C Fagundes
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of different degradations on the roughness, gloss, and color changes of microhybrid composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten specimens were prepared for Charisma, Amelogen Plus, Point 4, and Opallis resins. Surfaces were polished and baseline measurements of roughness, gloss, and color were recorded. Specimens were then submitted to chemical and mechanical challenges, and the specimens were reevaluated...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Mir Fa Quadri, Bassam M Hakami, Asma Aa Hezam, Raed Y Hakami, Fadwa A Saadi, Layla M Ageeli, Wafqah H Alsagoor, Mohammad A Faqeeh, Mohammed A Dhae
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and report the type of relation present between dental caries and body mass index (BMI)-for-age among schoolchildren in Jazan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with multi-staged random sampling technique was designed to recruit the sample of schoolchildren. Caries was examined using the World Health Organization recommended "decayed and filled teeth"/"decayed missing and filled teeth (dft/DMFT)" method...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Caroline Solda, Marina C Langaro, Alessandra N Machado, José R Vanni, Daniel de A Decurcio, Julio A Silva, Carlos Estrela, Fernando B Barletta
AIM: To determine the presence of metallic microfragments and their elemental composition in the dentinal walls of root canals following preparation using different endodontic instruments and to assess the active cutting edges of instruments with regard to structural defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 108 molar teeth were selected and prepared using different endodontic instruments. Teeth were randomly divided into nine groups of 12 teeth each, according to the instruments employed: Manual systems -K-FlexoFile, K-File, and Hedstroem; rotary systems - ProTaper Next, Mtwo, BioRaCe; and reciprocating systems - Reciproc, Unicone, and WaveOne...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rafaella M Chaves, Carlos Estrela, Paula C Cardoso, Terezinha de Je Barata, João B de Souza, Érica M de Torres, Cyntia Ra Estrela, Ana Pr Magalhães, Lawrence G Lopes
AIM: This study aims to assess the effect of ozone gas on dentin exposed to Streptococcus mutans biofilm by evaluation of mineral content [log calcium-to-phosphorus (Ca/P)] using energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five human third molars were sectioned into four slices of dentin and distributed in four groups: I - control (no treatment); II - ozone therapy; III - biofilm development; IV - ozone therapy followed by biofilm development...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Barnali Majumdar, Sachin C Sarode, Gargi S Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpes virus-4, belongs to the γ-subfamily of herpes viruses.(1) Nearly 90 to 95% of the world's adult population is an asymptomatic carrier of EBV.(1-3).
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Gustavo G Kunert, Itaborai R Kunert, José Ap de Figueiredo, Fernando B Barletta, Carlos Estrela
This study discusses a nonconventional therapeutic protocol for type III dens invaginatus. This condition is a disorder of dental development, caused by the invagination of enamel into coronal and/or radicular dentin structure. This promotes several structural alterations within the dental organ, which offers challenges and difficulties to perform the endodontic treatment when needed. This article reports a clinical case where a conservative approach was adopted to preserve the invagi-nated tooth, and endodontic treatment was performed in the main necrotic canal...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Saleh Alwadei
Management of growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities can be very difficult. Early surgical intervention may be warranted in situations where function (e.g., mastication, swallowing, breathing, or speech) and/or psychological well-being could be negatively affected. Many surgeons and orthodontists are reluctant to recommend a surgical treatment option for growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities because of their age. Specific surgical procedures can be performed during growth to correct developmental jaw abnormalities with predictable results...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Rasoul Sahebalam, Jun Ichiro Kinoshita
Microorganisms should be considered to have the major role in starting and perpetuation of pulpo-periapical diseases. Using intracanal medicaments is necessary to gain a bacteria-free environment in the canal system. Calcium hydroxide (abbreviated as Ca(OH)2), which is the most commonly used medicament in endodontic therapy, has been shown to be effective against primary sources of infection; however, its effectiveness against some microorganisms, such as Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis has not been proved...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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