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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174373/lasers-in-apicoectomy-a-brief-review
#1
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita, Luciano Giardino
Since the invention of laser, various applications for lasers in endodontics have been proposed, such as disinfection of the root canal system, canal shaping, pulp diagnosis, and apico-ectomy. One of the major applications of laser in endodontics is apicoectomy. The aim of this article is to review the benefits and drawbacks of laser applications in apicoectomy, including effect on apical seal, effect on dentin permeability, effect on postsurgery pain, effect on crack formation, effect on root-end morphology, effect on treatment outcome, and connective tissue response to laser-treated dentin...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#2
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174371/determinants-of-demand-in-the-public-dental-emergency-service
#3
Maria Sa Matsumoto, Marcia An Gatti, Marta Hs de Conti, Sandra F de Ap Simeão, Solange de Oliveira Braga Franzolin, Sara N Marta
INTRODUCTION: Although dental emergencies are primarily aimed at pain relief, in practice, dental emergency services have been overwhelmed by the massive inflow of patients with less complex cases, which could be resolved at basic levels of health care. They frequently become the main gateway to the system. We investigated the determinant factors of demand at the Central Dental Emergency Unit in Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was applied to 521 users to evaluate sociodemographic profile; factors that led users to seek the service at the central dental emergency; perception of service offered...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174370/cephalometric-soft-tissue-standard-and-gender-dimorphism-in-nasal-prominence-estimated-by-holdaway-s-analysis-in-patients-visiting-college-of-dentistry-aljouf-university
#4
Ibadullah Kundi
INTRODUCTION: The objectives were to see the nasal prominence norm and the gender dimorphism in nasal prominence measured by Holdaway's soft tissue analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size was 100 (50 males and 50 females). The subjects included in the study were of Saudi origin with class I skeletal and dental relationship and all teeth present. The age group of the patients was between 18 and 28 years. The radiographs were traced and analyzed by two students and cross-checked by an orthodontist...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174369/self-tapping-intermaxillary-fixation-screw-an-alternative-to-arch-bar
#5
Animesh Barodiya, Rishi Thukral, S M Agrawal, Anil S Chouhan, Sidharth Singh, Yogesh Loksh
INTRODUCTION: The use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the treatment of faciomaxillary fractures is the key factor for reduction and immobilization. Various techniques of IMF have been described in the past and recently IMF screws have been introduced. This technique has various advantages, including ease of use, less time consumption, less trauma to the surrounding soft tissues, and relatively reduced risk of needle stick injury. This study evaluates the efficacy of IMF screws over arch bar IMF before definitive fixation of facial fractures...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174368/the-prevalence-of-major-types-of-occlusal-anomalies-among-saudi-middle-school-students
#6
Hosam Baeshen
INTRODUCTION: Malocclusion is the most common dental anomaly among children and adolescents. Accordingly, this study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of major types of occlusal anomalies in permanent dentition among Saudi Arabian middle school adolescent students seeking orthodontic treatment in Jeddah. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 150 males and 150 females with mean age of 14.25 (±1.09) for both males and females. Data were registered using the Bjork method...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174367/collagen-and-its-role-in-predicting-the-biological-behavior-of-odontogenic-lesions
#7
Pavan G Kulkarni, M Aruna Kumari, Abhishek Jahagirdar, Srk Nandan, Shyam Prasad Reddy D, M Keerthi
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic cysts and tumors have variable recurrence rates. Recurrence rate is mainly due to the activity of the epithelium. The epithelium of these lesions has been investigated extensively in regard to their role in proliferative and aggressive behavior of the lesions. However, the role of the connective tissue wall in their behavior has not been studied as extensively. Collagen is an essential part of the connective tissue as a whole and fibrous wall of cystic lesions especially...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174366/radiofrequency-glow-discharge-as-a-mode-of-disinfection-for-elastomeric-impression-materials
#8
Susan Mathew, Mathew M Alani, K N Velayudhan Nair, Sayij Haridas, P B Reba, Sherin A Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Prosthodontic practice involves procedures in which impressions of the maxillary and mandibular arches are mandatory. Cross infection is one of the major problems that can occur in regular dental practice. Every dentist should take utmost care to prevent cross infection as oral cavity is the source of variety of microorganisms which can often cause diseases that can be fatal. Although precautions, such as wearing of gloves and mask, sterilization of instruments are given importance, the need for disinfection of impressions is often neglected...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174365/assessment-of-coronal-leakage-of-temporary-restorations-in-root-canal-treated-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Pankaj K Srivastava, Ajay Nagpal, Gaurav Setya, Sunil Kumar, Alankrita Chaudhary, Kuldeep Dhanker
INTRODUCTION: Coronal leakage is one of the constant concerns in routine dental practice. It is one of the factors responsible for the failure of root canal therapy. Permanent restorations should be given as soon as possible after the completion of root canal therapy. If unavoidable, provisional restoration should be given in such a way that it maximally reduced the leakage of microorganisms and fluids from the external environment into the canal space. Hence, we evaluated the effect of saliva on the coronal leakage of temporary restorations...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174364/evaluation-of-periodontal-changes-adjacent-to-extraction-sites-during-upper-canine-retraction
#10
Azzam Al-Jundi, Basem Al Sabbagh, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: There is an intimate relationship between orthodontic therapy and the periodontal changes that occur during tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial aims at investigating the movement of both the free and attached gingiva, as well as the movement of the alveolar bone in the extraction site of the upper 1st premolars during the retraction of the upper canines. In this study, 17 patients (10 female, 7 male) requiring 1st premolar extraction before orthodontic tooth movement were selected and treated at the Department of Orthodontics in the Faculty of Dentistry in University of Hama, Hama, Syria...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174363/subjective-differences-between-dentists-and-patients-about-relative-quality-of-metal-ceramic-restorations-placed-in-the-esthetic-zone
#11
Mohammed M Al Moaleem, Faisal M Alkhayrat, Hussam A Madkhali, Ibrahim H Geathy, Mohammed Aw Qahhar, Ahmed Yaqoub, Khurshid A Mattoo
INTRODUCTION: Esthetic perceptions could differ between the dentist and his patients among various regions and cultures. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the subjective differences between the dentist and the patient in terms of esthetics of metal-ceramic crowns (MCcs). The study also aims to compare the mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) dimensions of the cemented crown with its respective natural antimeric tooth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 85 patients seeking treatment for a single crown (MC) were treated by the undergraduate students under supervision of respective academic staff...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174362/most-frequent-oral-lesions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Micheline S Trentin, Georgia Verardi, Michele De C Ferreira, João P de Carli, Soluete O da Silva, Igor Fp Lima, Luiz R Paranhos
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease caused by the underproduction of insulin in the organism and it is considered a risk factor to periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study performed a cross-sectional research on the main oral changes in patients with DM2 and nondiabetics, in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample included 116 patients examined at the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic of the School of Medicine of the University of Passo Fundo (UPF) and 134 nondiabetic patients examined at the Examinations, Triage, and Emergency Sector of the School of Dentistry of UPF...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174361/prevalence-and-pattern-of-mandibular-third-molar-impaction-in-eritrean-population-a-retrospective-study
#13
V Raj Kumar, Priya Yadav, Efrem Kahsu, Farhana Girkar, Rajnish Chakraborty
INTRODUCTION: The most commonly impacted tooth in the oral cavity is the mandibular third molar. Various etiologic factors have been suggested for impacted mandibular third molars. The pattern and prevalence of impacted mandibular third molars vary with different population and region. This study throws light on the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibular third molars in Eritrea, East Africa. This is the first reported study regarding the same from Eritrea. AIM: To assess the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibu-lar third molars in the population of Eritrea, East Africa by conducting a retrospective study from January 2009 to January 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174360/evaluation-of-root-fracture-in-endodontically-treated-teeth-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#14
Mariana Tiepo, Gabriel Magrin, Ana C Kovalik, Belkiss Marmora, Milena F Silva, Ricardo Raitz
AIM: Our objective was to perform an in vitro evaluation of root fracture in endodontically treated teeth using two cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) machines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 86 single-rooted human premolars that had been fractured by a universal testing machine. The tomographic images were acquired using an Orthopantomograph OP300(®) and an Orthophos XG 3D(®) and evaluated by three examiners, by means of specific software. The teeth were classified into presence or absence of root fracture, then the root third where the fracture occurred, was determined...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174359/discoloration-effects-of-traditional-turkish-beverages-on-different-composite-restoratives
#15
Serdar Baglar, Erol Keskin, Tahir Orun, Abdulhamit Es
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the discoloring effects of five beverages including, especially, traditional Turkish ones on five commonly used dental composites by using a spectrophotometer device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five methacrylate-based composites (shade A2) were selected to evaluate their color stability (175 disk samples). Four of them (Filtek Ultimate Universal, Clearfil Majesty ES-2, Tetric EvoCeram, and Cavex Quadrant Universal LC) were nanofilled universal composites for both anterior and posterior restorations, and one (Clearfil Majesty Posterior) was nano-superfilled for posterior restorations...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174358/under-reporting-of-cancer-data-in-india
#16
Garqi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
Epidemiological data on cancer plays a substantial role in understanding the magnitude of seriousness and developing a preventive strategic planning at national and international level. In this regard, governments of various countries, under the guidance of World Health Organization (WHO), have commenced diverse national level campaigns like "National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP)" where data are being congregated in a standardized mode.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050992/dautrey-s-procedure-revisited-in-management-of-recurrent-mandibular-dislocation
#17
Joanna Baptist, Mohan Baliga
Mandibular dislocation occurs when the condylar head glides out of the glenoid fossa with the condyle positioned in such a way that its posterior articulating surface lying ahead of the articular eminence. Recurrent mandibular dislocation is relatively uncommon. Patient is extremely distressed and goes through a lot of discomfort. Varied etiologies have been cited in the literature, such as keeping the mouth wide open for long periods of time during dental procedures, yawning, laughing, traumatic injuries to the mandible, psychiatric disturbances, and certain drugs...
1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050991/laser-based-disinfection-of-the-root-canal-system-an-update
#18
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Rasoul Sahebalam, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
Microorganisms have been considered to have played a critical role in the initiation and development of pulpo-periapical diseases. Some evidences have shown that mechanical instrumentation may leave considerable portions of canal surfaces undebrided. Therefore, some supplemental methods, such as the use of chemical solutions and/or lasers, have been introduced to further disinfect the complicated canal anatomy and destroy as many microorganisms as possible. The purpose of this review was to address a brief review of characteristics of lasers and their effects to disinfect the root canal in endodontics...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050990/swinging-replantation-a-possible-protocol-for-the-management-of-inverted-impacted-upper-central-incisor-tooth
#19
Seidu A Bello, Deborah J Enebong, Emeka V Obi
Inverted tooth impaction is a rare occurrence. Third molar impaction is the most extensively studied, and only eight cases of inverted third molars have been reported in a literature search of 40 years from 1973 to 2013. In a study, 43.4% of the premaxillary supernumeraries were inverted and 21.1% were transversely oriented, while occasional inverted central incisors have been mentioned in the literature. Severe dilaceration makes the management of this case a big challenge. The case of an 8-year-old boy with an inverted, rotated, and impacted upper left central incisor obstructed by an odontome is presented here...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050989/nonsurgical-management-of-adult-skeletal-class-3-with-deep-bite-utilizing-mini-implants
#20
Ali G Alhalabi, Salah Mahaini, Ghalia Shebib, Khaldoun Darwich, Luai Mahaini
Malocclusions with anterior crossbite are a major esthetic and functional concern for patients. This case report presents a 27-year-old Syrian female who was diagnosed with a class 3 malocclusion, combined with anterior crossbite, deep bite, concave profile, and inadequate maxillary incisor exposure. There was a centric occlusion (CO)/centric relation (CR) discrepancy and the mandible could be manipulated to near edge-to-edge incisal relation. Correction was done by class 3 intermaxillary elastics on upper and lower mini-implants for the first 6 months, followed by preadjusted edgewise appliance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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