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Eating Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843592/longitudinal-impact-of-weight-misperception-and-intent-to-change-weight-on-body-mass-index-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity
#1
Diana Rancourt, Idia B Thurston, Kendrin R Sonneville, Carly E Milliren, Tracy K Richmond
OBJECTIVE: Accurate perception of one's weight status is believed to be necessary to motivate weight loss intention and subsequent weight loss among those with overweight/obesity. This proposed pathway, however, is understudied in longitudinal research. This study examined the indirect effect of weight change intention on the relationship between weight status perception and BMI change among adolescents with overweight/obesity. METHODS: Participants included 2664 adolescents with overweight/obesity (52% female) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843591/my-fitness-pal-calorie-tracker-usage-in-the-eating-disorders
#2
Cheri A Levinson, Laura Fewell, Leigh C Brosof
Mobile phone and tablet usage has become a part of modern life. Mobile applications that count calories, such as My Fitness Pal, are frequently employed on a daily basis. Recent research has shown that in undergraduates, calorie tracking is associated with eating disorder pathology. In the current study (N=105 individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder), we assessed usage of My Fitness Pal to track calories. We also assessed perceptions that My Fitness Pal contributed to eating disorder symptoms and if these perceptions were associated with eating disorder symptoms...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843136/correlates-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#3
Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Ronette L Kolotkin, Carlos M Grilo, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
Individuals with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) report poorer weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) compared to individuals with obesity alone. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best available treatment for BED, does not consistently produce weight loss or improvements in weight QOL. The purpose of the current study was to examine baseline and longitudinal associations between eating-related and psychosocial variables and dimensions of weight QOL. We examined associations between predictor variables, including body mass index (BMI), eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, and psychosocial factors, in relation to three dimensions of WRQOL among 171 patients whom received CBT for BED...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734231/weight-misperception-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-u-s-high-school-students-with-overweight-and-obesity-associations-and-trends-1999-2013
#4
Vivienne M Hazzard, Samantha L Hahn, Kendrin R Sonneville
OBJECTIVE: To examine prevalence of weight misperception (incongruence between one's perceived weight status and one's actual weight status) and disordered weight control behaviors (DWCBs; unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify weight), associations between weight misperception and DWCBs, and temporal trends in prevalence and associations among adolescents with overweight and obesity from 1999 to 2013. METHODS: Self-reported data from eight biennial cycles (1999-2013) of the cross-sectional national Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used in analyses restricted to respondents with overweight/obesity...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456108/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-short-version-of-the-personal-diabetes-questionnaire-to-assess-dietary-behaviors-and-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sylvie A Akohoue, Kenneth A Wallston, David G Schlundt, Russell L Rothman
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes and of lower socioeconomic status have difficulty adhering to dietary recommendations. Practical and effective tools assessing self-management behaviors are needed to help evaluate interventions tailored to the needs of individual patients or population groups. This study examined the psychometric properties of a short 11-item version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire scale (PDQ-11) using data from the Public-Private Partnership to Improve Diabetes Education trial...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441622/social-anxiety-and-disordered-eating-the-influence-of-stress-reactivity-and-self-esteem
#6
Jessica Lyn Ciarma, Jaya Miriam Mathew
While previous research indicates a strong link between social anxiety and disordered eating, more research is needed in order to understand the mechanisms that underlie this relationship. Given that stress is often implicated in disordered eating, it was hypothesised that ones reaction to stress (i.e. stress reactivity) would mediate the relationship between social anxiety and disordered eating. Similarly, given that low self-esteem is commonly reported in both those with social anxiety and eating disorders, it was hypothesised that self-esteem would also mediate the relationship between social anxiety and disordered eating...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407568/the-relation-between-anorexic-symptoms-in-women-and-their-reports-of-trustworthiness-in-interactions-with-close-persons
#7
Ken J Rotenberg, Kelley Edwards
The study examined the relation between women's anorexic symptoms and their reports of trustworthiness in interactions with close persons. Ninety-eight females (mean age=24years-10months) completed the anorexic symptom subscale of the SEDS and reported (ascribed) the extent to which they showed reliability, emotional, and honesty trustworthiness behaviors in interactions with their mother, father, and close friend. Negative linear relations were found between anorexic symptoms and ascribed: (a) trustworthiness with close friends; (b) reliability trustworthiness; and (c) at a trend level, honesty trustworthiness...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407567/obesity-and-the-social-withdrawal-syndrome
#8
Ken J Rotenberg, Carla Bharathi, Helen Davies, Tom Finch
The relation between obesity and Social Withdrawal Syndrome (SWS) was examined using the data gathered by Rotenberg, Bharathi, Davies, and Finch (2013). One hundred and 35 undergraduates (80 females; Mage=21years-10months) completed standardized scales that assessed the SWS (low emotional trust beliefs in close others, low disclosure to close others, and high loneliness). BMI was calculated from self-reported weight and height. As hypothesized, quadratic relations were found in which participants with BMI>30 (i...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402901/a-brief-screening-measure-for-binge-eating-in-primary-care
#9
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with medical and psychiatric issues commonly seen and managed in primary care; however, the disorder typically goes undetected as there are no assessment tools feasible for use in primary care. The objective was to examine the validity of the VA Binge Eating Screener (VA-BES), a single-item screening measure for binge eating. METHOD: The sample consisted of 116 veterans referred to a primary care-based weight management program...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399487/binge-eating-disorder-may-be-distinguished-by-visuospatial-memory-deficits
#10
Kalina T Eneva, Susan M Murray, Eunice Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390270/the-mediating-role-of-appearance-comparisons-on-the-relationship-between-negative-appearance-commentary-and-binge-eating-symptoms
#11
Sylvia Herbozo, Serena D Stevens, Idia B Thurston
While the frequency of weight-based teasing during childhood/adolescence has been linked to eating disturbance, limited research has examined the impact of negative appearance commentary experienced in young adulthood. Appearance comparisons have been shown to mediate the relationship between weight-based teasing frequency in childhood/adolescence and eating disturbance; however, less is known about the impact of other forms of negative appearance commentary and binge eating symptoms. The current study examined appearance comparisons to others as a mediator of the relationship between the impact of negative appearance commentary from interpersonal sources and binge eating symptoms in college women...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390269/validity-and-reliability-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-self-report-scale-asrs-v1-1-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#12
Samantha Carlucci, Iryna Ivanova, Hany Bissada, Giorgio A Tasca
Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) commonly experience comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The shared features of EDs and ADHD, such as inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, may exacerbate ED symptomatology and pose challenges to treatment. It is important to screen patients with EDs for symptoms of ADHD to optimize their treatment outcomes. However, the psychometrics of common measures of ADHD have not yet been examined within an ED population. An example of such a measure is the ADHD self-report scale (ASRS-v1...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388511/won-t-stop-or-can-t-stop-food-restriction-as-a-habitual-behavior-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa-or-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Kathryn A Coniglio, Kendra R Becker, Debra L Franko, Lazaro V Zayas, Franziska Plessow, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
Food restriction among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) is regarded as a goal-directed behavior. However, Walsh (2013) theorized that, although restriction is initially maintained by operant conditioning (with successful weight loss and external praise as salient rewards), it ultimately becomes a classically conditioned habit, persisting regardless of the presence of these once-salient rewards. Understanding food restriction as a well-ingrained habit may provide insight into treatment resistance. Further, it is not clear whether habitual food restriction is present among individuals with atypical AN (i...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384520/corrigendum-to-mindful-feeding-and-child-dietary-health-eat-behav-24-2017-89-94
#14
Elizabeth A Emley, Maija B Taylor, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363115/the-effect-of-childrens-eating-behaviors-and-parental-feeding-style-on-childhood-obesity
#15
Dilek Demir, Murat Bektas
In is important to determine the factors that affect obesity in childhood, in order to raise generations of healthy children. This study aims to determine the effect of primary school students' eating behaviors and parental feeding styles on obesity in childhood. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 1201 children and their parents between September 2014 and March 2015. The data were collected using the socio-demographic data collection form for children and parents, the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire and the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325646/psychometrics-of-the-self-efficacy-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetables-scale-in-african-american-women
#16
Lisaann S Gittner, Kevin B Gittner
PURPOSE: Assess the psychometric properties of the Self-Efficacy Consumption of Fruit and Vegetable Scale (F/V scale) in African American women. SETTING: Midwestern Health Maintenance Organization. SUBJECTS: 221 African American women age 40-65 with BMI≥30 MEASURES: F/V scale was compared to eating efficacy/availability subscale reported on the WEL and mean micronutrient intake (vitamins A, C, K, folate, potassium, and beta-carotene reported on 3-day food records...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325645/athletic-identity-compulsive-exercise-and-eating-psychopathology-in-long-distance-runners
#17
Robert Turton, Huw Goodwin, Caroline Meyer
Having a high athletic identity is thought to increase vulnerability for compulsive exercise and Eating Disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study examined whether there is an association between athletic identity and levels of compulsive exercise and ED psychopathology in long-distance runners. A sample of 501 long-distance runners completed the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS), Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) and Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDEQ). There was a significant positive association between participants' AIMS and total CET scores (moderate effect size; r=0...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236740/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-orientation-and-child-self-regulation-in-eating-the-mediating-role-of-persuasive-controlling-feeding-practices
#18
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Tomo Umemura, Nancy Hazen
The present study examines the hypothesis that adult attachment orientation, specifically anxious attachment, is related to children's diminished ability to self-regulate their food intake, and that this relationship is mediated by parents' persuasive-controlling feeding practices. Two hundred and sixty five mothers and fathers of preschool children completed online questionnaires that included measures of Adult Attachment Orientation, Parental Persuasive-Controlling Feeding Practices, and Child Self-Regulation of Eating...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236739/food-addiction-in-children-associations-with-obesity-parental-food-addiction-and-feeding-practices
#19
T Burrows, J Skinner, M A Joyner, J Palmieri, K Vaughan, A N Gearhardt
Food addiction research in children is limited, and to date addictive-like eating behaviors within families have not been investigated. The aim of this study is to understand factors associated with addictive-like eating in children. The association between food addiction in children with obesity, parental food addiction, and parental feeding practices (i.e., restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) was investigated. Parents/primary caregivers (aged≥18years) of children aged 5-12years, recruited and completed an online cross-sectional survey including demographics, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ)...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226308/preliminary-examination-of-metabolic-syndrome-response-to-motivational-interviewing-for-weight-loss-as-compared-to-an-attentional-control-and-usual-care-in-primary-care-for-individuals-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rachel D Barnes, Jessica A Barber
Motivational interviewing (MI) treatment for weight loss is being studied in primary care. The effect of such interventions on metabolic syndrome or binge eating disorder (BED), both highly related to excess weight, has not been examined in primary care. This study conducted secondary analyses from a randomized controlled trial to test the impact of MI for weight loss in primary care on metabolic syndrome. 74 adult participants with overweight/obesity recruited through primary care were randomized to 12weeks of either MI, an attentional control, or usual care...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
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