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Eating Behaviors

Kathryn A Coniglio, Kendra R Becker, Nassim Tabri, Ani C Keshishian, Joshua D Miller, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
The Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) is a 45-item self-report measure of eating pathology designed to be sensitive in assessing symptoms among diverse populations of individuals with disordered eating. The current study represents the first external validation of the EPSI as well as the first to examine the factor structure in an outpatient eating disorder clinic sample. We conducted an exploratory factor analysis in three separate samples: an outpatient clinic sample (n = 284), a college sample (n = 296), and a community sample (n = 341) and compared the observed factor structures to the original 8-factor solution proposed by Forbush et al...
July 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Nichole R Kelly, Elizabeth Cotter, Claire Guidinger
Data suggest that assessing for the presence of loss of control (LOC) while eating is more useful in identifying risk for excess weight gain and psychosocial comorbidities than focusing on the amount of food consumed during episodes of perceived overeating. Yet, most of this research has included children and women. The current study examined whether perceived overeating patterns with and without LOC were uniquely associated with eating- and weight-related comorbidities in a community sample of young men. Participants (N = 1114; 18-30 y) completed a brief online survey assessing body mass index (BMI); perceived overeating habits, including overeating without LOC (OEs), and subjective (SBEs) and objective binge eating episodes (OBEs); weight-related medical comorbidities; and disordered eating pathology...
July 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Christina L Verzijl, Erica Ahlich, Brittany Lang, Diana Rancourt
Weight status under-perception is protective against disordered eating behaviors and weight gain; however, it is unclear whether under-perception may confer protection across all weight classes. This work explored body mass index as a moderator of the association between weight status perception accuracy and disordered eating behaviors among adults with overweight or obesity. A total of 572 adults (58.7% female; age M = 39.50, SD = 11.57) with overweight or obesity (body mass index M = 31.50, SD = 6...
June 27, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Anne Claire Grammer, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Natasha L Burke, Meghan E Byrne, Sarah J Mi, Manuela Jaramillo, Lisa M Shank, Nichole R Kelly, Monika M Stojek, Natasha A Schvey, Miranda M Broadney, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Data on the link between anxiety and body composition in youth are mixed. Yet, anxiety and disordered eating are highly correlated. One pathway between anxiety and excess body weight and fat mass may be through loss of control (LOC) eating. We examined whether LOC eating mediated the relationship between anxiety and body composition in youth with and without overweight. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking youth (8-17 years) participated in studies examining weight and eating behaviors...
June 27, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Heather Shaw, Paul Rohde, Eric Stice
OBJECTIVE: To examine qualitative feedback from participants of Healthy Weight and Project Health eating disorder/obesity prevention programs to guide refinements to increase program efficacy. METHOD: Feedback was collected from college students with weight concerns randomly assigned to one of these interventions (N = 364, 72% female). RESULTS: Healthy Weight participants reported greater program satisfaction (p = 0.02); no other quantitative differences emerged in opinions of the program or leaders...
June 26, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Linda Mustelin, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is a clinical eating disorder that is strongly and bidirectionally related to overweight and obesity. Little is known about how subclinical features of BED relate to weight development in adolescence and young adulthood. METHOD: Women (n = 2825) and men (n = 2423) from the community-based longitudinal FinnTwin16 cohort participated. Seven eating-related cognitions and behaviors similar to the defining features of BED were extracted from the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 and were assessed at a mean age of 24...
June 14, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Marloes A A Polman, Junilla K Larsen, Gerine M A Lodder, Elizabeth Hirata, Sophie IJsseldijk, Nina van den Broek, William J Burk
An extensive body of research has established that eating with others can have inhibitory effects on food intake. Recent findings suggest that these effects may (partly) persist over time when the eating norm is no longer enforced. To gain more insights into the persistence of effects of a live non-eating stranger, the main aim of the present study is to explore how food intake of young women changes as a result of previous exposure to a non-eating confederate (i.e., adult stranger). To address this aim, an experiment was conducted in which 64 young women, aged 17 to 26 (M = 19...
June 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Janine Chapman, Jacquelyn Zientara, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To provide a preliminary investigation into the impact of brief online acceptance-based vs. control-based techniques to self-manage food cravings in women. METHOD: Female participants (N = 151) were randomised to 'acceptance' or 'control' groups. Measures of general food cravings (primary outcome), and depression, anxiety and stress (secondary outcomes) were taken at baseline, two weeks and four weeks. RESULTS: Linear mixed models showed a significant group × time interaction, with food cravings significantly reduced in the thought-control group compared to the acceptance group over four weeks, along with a reduction in food consumption...
May 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Valentina Ivezaj, Ashley A Wiedemann, Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study examined food addiction, assessed by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and associated features among a participant group of Spanish-speaking Latino/as residing in the United States. METHOD: Participants were 140 Spanish-speaking Latino/as (n = 77 female) who participated in an anonymous web-based survey. Mean age and body mass index (BMI) were 31.87 (SD = 9.12) years and 28.34 (SD = 7.14) kg/m2 , respectively. Participants completed a battery of established self-report measures assessing food addiction, binge-eating and eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire; EDE-Q), depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-2; PHQ-2), and mental and physical functioning (MOS Short Form Health Survey; SF-12)...
May 24, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Jack Johnston, Chloe Y Shu, Kimberley J Hoiles, Patrick J F Clarke, Hunna J Watson, Patrick D Dunlop, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The link between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established in adults, however little research has been conducted in children and adolescents. The aim was to examine if perfectionism was a predictor of eating disorder symptoms at intake assessment, and 6 and 12 month review. METHOD: There were 175 children and adolescents aged 10-17 years (M = 14.47 years, SD = 1.31) who were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 perfectionism subscale and the child adapted Eating Disorders Examination at intake, 6 and 12 months review...
May 18, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Akihiko Masuda, Janet D Latner, John P Barlie, Kayla Sargent
Although self-concealment has been long recognized in the context of body image disturbance and disordered eating concerns, empirical evidence remains limited. Following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models of disordered eating and body image concerns, the present cross-sectional study examined whether the construct of self-concealment was related to disordered eating and body image concerns. More specifically, we investigated whether eating disorder cognitions and body image flexibility, two factors linked to the maintenance of disordered eating concerns, are uniquely associated with self-concealment, while controlling for key demographic and sociocultural variables...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Kholoud Alabduljader, Marion Cliffe, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, W Miles Cox, Hans-Peter Kubis
We developed a smart phone application to measure participants' food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25% body fat for males and ≥32% for females)...
May 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Jacqueline F Hayes, Grace E Giles, Caroline R Mahoney, Robin B Kanarek
Food intake and exercise have been shown to alter body satisfaction in a state-dependent manner. One-time consumption of food perceived as unhealthy can be detrimental to body satisfaction, whereas an acute bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise can be beneficial. The current study examined the effect of exercise on state body image and appearance-related self-esteem following consumption of isocaloric foods perceived as healthy or unhealthy in 36 female college students (18-30 years old) in the Northeastern United States...
May 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
C Blair Burnette, Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Weight suppression (WS), the difference in one's highest and current adult weight excluding pregnancy, is associated with eating disorder (ED) symptom onset and maintenance. There is increasing evidence that WS is related to ED symptoms in non-clinical samples, but there are no known studies examining the interaction of WS and current body mass index (BMI) in this group. History of overweight is common in those with EDs, and higher weight status often delays identification and treatment. This study examined the interaction of WS and current BMI on body dissatisfaction and eating pathology in undergraduate men and women...
May 5, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Tanya M Halliday, Sarah V Liu, Lori B Moore, Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: High added sugar (AS) intake is associated with obesity and poor diet quality. Guidelines recommended limiting AS to 5-10% of total energy intake, but palatability and feasibility of this AS intake level is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare adolescents' perceptions of hunger, fullness, and palatability in response to a low AS adequate fiber (LASAF; 5% total energy from AS and 13.5 g fiber/1000 kcal) and a high AS low fiber (HASLF; 25% total energy form AS and 8...
May 5, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Jordan M Ellis, Amy T Galloway, Hana F Zickgraf, Matthew C Whited
Picky eating (PE) may be an important individual-level factor related to fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in adulthood. Past studies showing negative relationships between Adult PE and F&V servings and variety have been limited by measurement issues. The purpose of the present study was replicate these relationships in college students using a well-validated F&V screener and comprehensive measure of adult PE. 1219 college students completed an online survey which included measures of adult PE, F&V daily servings, F&V variety, and other eating behaviors...
May 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Marion E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of integrating group Cognitive Remediation Therapy (gCRT) into an eating disorder day program in Auckland, New Zealand. METHOD: A consecutive series of 28 patients took part over an 8-month period in the context of a service audit. Main outcome measures were the Detail and Flexibility Questionnaire (DFlex) and qualitative feedback from patients. RESULTS: Significant shifts in self-report inefficient cognitive style were observed pre/post gCRT with large effect sizes (Cohen's dav ) for both cognitive rigidity and attention to detail outcomes...
May 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Timothy D Brewerton, Bonnie Dansky Cotton, Dean G Kilpatrick
OBJECTIVE: Higher degrees of sensation seeking (SS) are reported in community and clinical samples of individuals with eating disorders with binge-type features (BTEDs), but no reports exist in representative probability samples of adult women. Additionally, SS has been linked to victimization and PTSD, also associated with BTEDs, yet interrelationships between these variables are unexplored. METHODS: A national, probability sample of 3006 adult women (≥18 y/o) completed structured telephone interviews including assessments for victimization, PTSD, bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
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