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Eating Behaviors

Jennifer C Veilleux, Kayla D Skinner, Garrett A Pollert
The current study extends cue-reactivity research by evaluating impulsive valuation as an outcome of exposure to food cues. This study also separates introspection after viewing cues (e.g., responding to questions about craving and affect) from mere cue exposure, to examine if introspection changes self-regulation behaviors in response to food cues. Finally, we compared restrained and unrestrained eaters to ascertain the influence of motivation toward food on how cue-reactivity influences impulsive behavior...
September 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
M A Green, A Kroska, A Herrick, B Bryant, E Sage, L Miles, M Ravet, M Powers, W Whitegoat, R Linkhart, B King
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of an expanded online version of the Body Project (n = 46) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 36) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 82) with clinical (n = 53) and subclinical (n = 29) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade objectification and maladaptive social comparison and adapted to an online format...
September 4, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Faranak Halali, Anja Lapveteläinen, Leila Karhunen, Anna-Maria Saarela, Raimo Lappalainen, Teuvo Kantanen
BACKGROUND: Weight management (WM) is an ongoing global challenge. The purpose of this study was to analyze motivators, barriers, and strategies of WM among Finnish adults. METHODS: Data were collected in the 'KULUMA' (Consumers at the Weight Management Market) project among 667 community-dwelling adults in Eastern and Central Finland (Kuopio and Jyväskylä). The self-reported questionnaire collected background information and responses to motivators, barriers, and strategy items...
August 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Megan H Pesch, Danielle P Appugliese, Alison L Miller, Katherine L Rosenblum, Julie C Lumeng, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Identifying differences in how mothers communicate restriction of their children's eating may be important to understanding the effects of restriction on children's intake and weight status. OBJECTIVES: To characterize mothers' restrictive statements by affect and directness, and examine cross-sectional associations between restrictive statement types and children's body mass index and eating behaviors. METHODS: Mother-child dyads (N = 223, mean child age 5...
August 23, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Paige J Trojanowski, Sarah Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorder (ED) symptoms are negatively associated with quality of life (QOL), while exercise is typically positively associated with QOL. Past studies have not examined the relative contribution of depression to this outcome. This study examined the influence of ED symptoms, exercise frequency, and exercise motivation on global QOL in undergraduates while accounting for the shared relationship between ED symptoms and depression. METHOD: Students (N = 851) completed the EDE-Q, Reasons for Exercise Inventory, BDI-II, Quality of Life Inventory, and a 1-month exercise timeline followback calendar...
August 18, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Kelsey N Serier, Jane Ellen Smith, Elizabeth A Yeater
OBJECTIVE: Body dissatisfaction and eating disorder rates have increased in racial and ethnic minority groups, yet the validity of various commonly-used eating disorder instruments has not been established in these populations. One way to establish validity is to test for measurement invariance; namely, that the same constructs are being measured across groups. This study tested the measurement invariance of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) across non-Hispanic White and Hispanic women...
August 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Gerrit Hummel, Janine Ehret, Iris Zerweck, Sara Salazar Winter, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Moria Golan, Wiessam Abu Ahmad
Positive self-image and body image as well as high self-esteem and media literacy are considered protective factors against health-compromising behaviours. Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize outcomes from such programmes. Most universal wellness programmes are school based and thus delivered to a "captive" population. Only a few reports have been published about wellness programmes delivered in after-school settings, and none of them compared delivery after school to delivery in a school-based setting...
August 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Ella Haddad, Michelle Wien, Keiji Oda, Joan Sabaté
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in postingestive gut hormone concentrations from the consumption of Hass avocado by addition or inclusion to lunch test meals, and to examine their association with measures of appetite sensation. METHODS: A randomized 3 × 3 crossover study was conducted with 26 healthy overweight adults. Participants consumed one of three test meals: avocado-free control (C); isoenergic avocado inclusive (AI); and, energy increased avocado added (AA) one week apart...
August 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Ashley A Wiedemann, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
Emotional eating has been identified as a predictor of poorer weight loss outcomes in non-bariatric clinical samples. It is unknown, however, whether emotional eating contributes to poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery or how it might be associated with loss-of-control (LOC) eating, a known predictor of post-surgical outcomes. This study examined the nature and significance of emotional eating among post-bariatric surgery patients with LOC eating. Participants (N = 134) were patients with LOC eating (at least once weekly) seeking treatment to help improve eating approximately 4-9 months following sleeve gastrectomy surgery...
July 26, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Riccardo Dalle Grave, Massimiliano Sartirana, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes across the BMI (body mass index)-based DSM-5 severity specifiers in a sample of adult females with anorexia nervosa (AN) treated with enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E). METHOD: One hundred and twenty-eight participants with AN (64 outpatients and 64 inpatients) were sub-categorised using DSM-5 severity specifiers and compared by baseline clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes at the end of treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
July 23, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Katherine N Balantekin, Emily E Hohman, Elizabeth L Adams, Michele E Marini, Alison K Ventura, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
BACKGROUND: A rapidly increasing BMI trajectory throughout childhood is associated with negative health outcomes in adulthood such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether BMI trajectories from age 5-15 predicted changes in weight and BMI from adolescence to adulthood, and dieting-related behaviors in young adulthood. METHODS: Non-Hispanic White female participants from Early Dieting in Girls (n = 182), a longitudinal cohort study, were followed from age 5 to 15 and completed a follow-up survey at age 24...
July 23, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Robin M Masheb
Both obesity and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among veterans. Veterans with PTSD are at higher risk for obesity and have poorer outcomes in obesity treatment. We examined emotional eating among veterans presenting for obesity treatment, and its relationship with PTSD. Veterans completed questionnaire batteries before initiating treatment. Participants were 120 veterans with a mean age of 62 years and mean BMI of 38. A positive PTSD screen was associated with significantly higher scores on the Yale Emotional Overeating Questionnaire (YEOQ) overall, as well as higher scores on each individual item, which includes anxiety, sadness, loneliness, tiredness, anger, happiness, boredom, guilt, and physical pain (all p < 0...
July 18, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Kathryn A Coniglio, Kendra R Becker, Nassim Tabri, Ani C Keshishian, Joshua D Miller, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
The Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) is a 45-item self-report measure of eating pathology designed to be sensitive in assessing symptoms among diverse populations of individuals with disordered eating. The current study represents the first external validation of the EPSI as well as the first to examine the factor structure in an outpatient eating disorder clinic sample. We conducted an exploratory factor analysis in three separate samples: an outpatient clinic sample (n = 284), a college sample (n = 296), and a community sample (n = 341) and compared the observed factor structures to the original 8-factor solution proposed by Forbush et al...
July 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Misty A W Hawkins, Elizabeth A Vrany, Melissa A Cyders, Lucia Ciciolla, Tony T Wells, Jesse C Stewart
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the depression-obesity relationship are unclear. Food attentional bias (FAB) represents one candidate mechanism that has not been examined. We evaluated the hypothesis that greater depressive symptoms are associated with increased FAB. METHOD: Participants were 89 normal weight or overweight adults (mean age = 21.2 ± 4.0 years, 53% female, 33% non-white, mean body mass index in kg/m2  = 21.9 ± 1.8 for normal weight; 27...
July 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Timothy D Brewerton, Bonnie Dansky Cotton, Dean G Kilpatrick
OBJECTIVE: Higher degrees of sensation seeking (SS) are reported in community and clinical samples of individuals with eating disorders with binge-type features (BTEDs), but no reports exist in representative probability samples of adult women. Additionally, SS has been linked to victimization and PTSD, also associated with BTEDs, yet interrelationships between these variables are unexplored. METHODS: A national, probability sample of 3006 adult women (≥18 y/o) completed structured telephone interviews including assessments for victimization, PTSD, bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
Christina L Verzijl, Erica Ahlich, Brittany Lang, Diana Rancourt
Weight status under-perception is protective against disordered eating behaviors and weight gain; however, it is unclear whether under-perception may confer protection across all weight classes. This work explored body mass index as a moderator of the association between weight status perception accuracy and disordered eating behaviors among adults with overweight or obesity. A total of 572 adults (58.7% female; age M = 39.50, SD = 11.57) with overweight or obesity (body mass index M = 31.50, SD = 6...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
Heather Shaw, Paul Rohde, Eric Stice
OBJECTIVE: To examine qualitative feedback from participants of Healthy Weight and Project Health eating disorder/obesity prevention programs to guide refinements to increase program efficacy. METHOD: Feedback was collected from college students with weight concerns randomly assigned to one of these interventions (N = 364, 72% female). RESULTS: Healthy Weight participants reported greater program satisfaction (p = 0.02); no other quantitative differences emerged in opinions of the program or leaders...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
Nichole R Kelly, Elizabeth Cotter, Claire Guidinger
Data suggest that assessing for the presence of loss of control (LOC) while eating is more useful in identifying risk for excess weight gain and psychosocial comorbidities than focusing on the amount of food consumed during episodes of perceived overeating. Yet, most of this research has included children and women. The current study examined whether perceived overeating patterns with and without LOC were uniquely associated with eating- and weight-related comorbidities in a community sample of young men. Participants (N = 1114; 18-30 y) completed a brief online survey assessing body mass index (BMI); perceived overeating habits, including overeating without LOC (OEs), and subjective (SBEs) and objective binge eating episodes (OBEs); weight-related medical comorbidities; and disordered eating pathology...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
Anne Claire Grammer, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Natasha L Burke, Meghan E Byrne, Sarah J Mi, Manuela Jaramillo, Lisa M Shank, Nichole R Kelly, Monika M Stojek, Natasha A Schvey, Miranda M Broadney, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Data on the link between anxiety and body composition in youth are mixed. Yet, anxiety and disordered eating are highly correlated. One pathway between anxiety and excess body weight and fat mass may be through loss of control (LOC) eating. We examined whether LOC eating mediated the relationship between anxiety and body composition in youth with and without overweight. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking youth (8-17 years) participated in studies examining weight and eating behaviors...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
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