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Eating Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441622/social-anxiety-and-disordered-eating-the-influence-of-stress-reactivity-and-self-esteem
#1
Jessica Lyn Ciarma, Jaya Miriam Mathew
While previous research indicates a strong link between social anxiety and disordered eating, more research is needed in order to understand the mechanisms that underlie this relationship. Given that stress is often implicated in disordered eating, it was hypothesised that ones reaction to stress (i.e. stress reactivity) would mediate the relationship between social anxiety and disordered eating. Similarly, given that low self-esteem is commonly reported in both those with social anxiety and eating disorders, it was hypothesised that self-esteem would also mediate the relationship between social anxiety and disordered eating...
April 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407567/obesity-and-the-social-withdrawal-syndrome
#2
Ken J Rotenberg, Carla Bharathi, Helen Davies, Tom Finch
The relation between obesity and Social Withdrawal Syndrome (SWS) was examined using the data gathered by Rotenberg, Bharathi, Davies, and Finch (2013). One hundred and 35 undergraduates (80 females; Mage=21years-10months) completed standardized scales that assessed the SWS (low emotional trust beliefs in close others, low disclosure to close others, and high loneliness). BMI was calculated from self-reported weight and height. As hypothesized, quadratic relations were found in which participants with BMI>30 (i...
April 4, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399487/binge-eating-disorder-may-be-distinguished-by-visuospatial-memory-deficits
#3
Kalina T Eneva, Susan M Murray, Eunice Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED...
April 4, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384520/corrigendum-to-mindful-feeding-and-child-dietary-health-eat-behav-24-2017-89-94
#4
Elizabeth A Emley, Maija B Taylor, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407568/the-relation-between-anorexic-symptoms-in-women-and-their-reports-of-trustworthiness-in-interactions-with-close-persons
#5
Ken J Rotenberg, Kelley Edwards
The study examined the relation between women's anorexic symptoms and their reports of trustworthiness in interactions with close persons. Ninety-eight females (mean age=24years-10months) completed the anorexic symptom subscale of the SEDS and reported (ascribed) the extent to which they showed reliability, emotional, and honesty trustworthiness behaviors in interactions with their mother, father, and close friend. Negative linear relations were found between anorexic symptoms and ascribed: (a) trustworthiness with close friends; (b) reliability trustworthiness; and (c) at a trend level, honesty trustworthiness...
March 31, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402901/a-brief-screening-measure-for-binge-eating-in-primary-care
#6
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with medical and psychiatric issues commonly seen and managed in primary care; however, the disorder typically goes undetected as there are no assessment tools feasible for use in primary care. The objective was to examine the validity of the VA Binge Eating Screener (VA-BES), a single-item screening measure for binge eating. METHOD: The sample consisted of 116 veterans referred to a primary care-based weight management program...
March 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390270/the-mediating-role-of-appearance-comparisons-on-the-relationship-between-negative-appearance-commentary-and-binge-eating-symptoms
#7
Sylvia Herbozo, Serena D Stevens, Idia B Thurston
While the frequency of weight-based teasing during childhood/adolescence has been linked to eating disturbance, limited research has examined the impact of negative appearance commentary experienced in young adulthood. Appearance comparisons have been shown to mediate the relationship between weight-based teasing frequency in childhood/adolescence and eating disturbance; however, less is known about the impact of other forms of negative appearance commentary and binge eating symptoms. The current study examined appearance comparisons to others as a mediator of the relationship between the impact of negative appearance commentary from interpersonal sources and binge eating symptoms in college women...
March 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390269/validity-and-reliability-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-self-report-scale-asrs-v1-1-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#8
Samantha Carlucci, Iryna Ivanova, Hany Bissada, Giorgio A Tasca
Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) commonly experience comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The shared features of EDs and ADHD, such as inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, may exacerbate ED symptomatology and pose challenges to treatment. It is important to screen patients with EDs for symptoms of ADHD to optimize their treatment outcomes. However, the psychometrics of common measures of ADHD have not yet been examined within an ED population. An example of such a measure is the ADHD self-report scale (ASRS-v1...
March 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388511/won-t-stop-or-can-t-stop-food-restriction-as-a-habitual-behavior-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa-or-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Kathryn A Coniglio, Kendra R Becker, Debra L Franko, Lazaro V Zayas, Franziska Plessow, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
Food restriction among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) is regarded as a goal-directed behavior. However, Walsh (2013) theorized that, although restriction is initially maintained by operant conditioning (with successful weight loss and external praise as salient rewards), it ultimately becomes a classically conditioned habit, persisting regardless of the presence of these once-salient rewards. Understanding food restriction as a well-ingrained habit may provide insight into treatment resistance. Further, it is not clear whether habitual food restriction is present among individuals with atypical AN (i...
March 22, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363115/the-effect-of-childrens-eating-behaviors-and-parental-feeding-style-on-childhood-obesity
#10
Dilek Demir, Murat Bektas
In is important to determine the factors that affect obesity in childhood, in order to raise generations of healthy children. This study aims to determine the effect of primary school students' eating behaviors and parental feeding styles on obesity in childhood. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 1201 children and their parents between September 2014 and March 2015. The data were collected using the socio-demographic data collection form for children and parents, the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire and the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325646/psychometrics-of-the-self-efficacy-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetables-scale-in-african-american-women
#11
Lisaann S Gittner, Kevin B Gittner
PURPOSE: Assess the psychometric properties of the Self-Efficacy Consumption of Fruit and Vegetable Scale (F/V scale) in African American women. SETTING: Midwestern Health Maintenance Organization. SUBJECTS: 221 African American women age 40-65 with BMI≥30 MEASURES: F/V scale was compared to eating efficacy/availability subscale reported on the WEL and mean micronutrient intake (vitamins A, C, K, folate, potassium, and beta-carotene reported on 3-day food records...
March 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325645/athletic-identity-compulsive-exercise-and-eating-psychopathology-in-long-distance-runners
#12
Robert Turton, Huw Goodwin, Caroline Meyer
Having a high athletic identity is thought to increase vulnerability for compulsive exercise and Eating Disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study examined whether there is an association between athletic identity and levels of compulsive exercise and ED psychopathology in long-distance runners. A sample of 501 long-distance runners completed the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS), Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) and Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDEQ). There was a significant positive association between participants' AIMS and total CET scores (moderate effect size; r=0...
March 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236739/food-addiction-in-children-associations-with-obesity-parental-food-addiction-and-feeding-practices
#13
T Burrows, J Skinner, M A Joyner, J Palmieri, K Vaughan, A N Gearhardt
Food addiction research in children is limited, and to date addictive-like eating behaviors within families have not been investigated. The aim of this study is to understand factors associated with addictive-like eating in children. The association between food addiction in children with obesity, parental food addiction, and parental feeding practices (i.e., restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) was investigated. Parents/primary caregivers (aged≥18years) of children aged 5-12years, recruited and completed an online cross-sectional survey including demographics, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ)...
February 16, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236740/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-orientation-and-child-self-regulation-in-eating-the-mediating-role-of-persuasive-controlling-feeding-practices
#14
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Tomo Umemura, Nancy Hazen
The present study examines the hypothesis that adult attachment orientation, specifically anxious attachment, is related to children's diminished ability to self-regulate their food intake, and that this relationship is mediated by parents' persuasive-controlling feeding practices. Two hundred and sixty five mothers and fathers of preschool children completed online questionnaires that included measures of Adult Attachment Orientation, Parental Persuasive-Controlling Feeding Practices, and Child Self-Regulation of Eating...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226308/preliminary-examination-of-metabolic-syndrome-response-to-motivational-interviewing-for-weight-loss-as-compared-to-an-attentional-control-and-usual-care-in-primary-care-for-individuals-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#15
Rachel D Barnes, Jessica A Barber
Motivational interviewing (MI) treatment for weight loss is being studied in primary care. The effect of such interventions on metabolic syndrome or binge eating disorder (BED), both highly related to excess weight, has not been examined in primary care. This study conducted secondary analyses from a randomized controlled trial to test the impact of MI for weight loss in primary care on metabolic syndrome. 74 adult participants with overweight/obesity recruited through primary care were randomized to 12weeks of either MI, an attentional control, or usual care...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226307/racial-ethnic-and-weight-status-disparities-in-dieting-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-early-adolescents
#16
Rachel F Rodgers, Karen E Peterson, Anne T Hunt, Jennifer L Spadano-Gasbarro, Tracy K Richmond, Mary L Greaney, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether racial/ethnic minority early adolescents with overweight/obesity are at increased risk of disordered weight control behaviors, defined as unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify shape and weight, ranging from self-induced vomiting to the use of dietary supplements. METHODS: U.S. Middle school children (n=12.511) provided self-report of gender, race/ethnicity, height, and weight as well as dieting and disordered weight control behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214452/calorie-counting-and-fitness-tracking-technology-associations-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#17
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
The use of online calorie tracking applications and activity monitors is increasing exponentially. Anecdotal reports document the potential for these trackers to trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptomatology. Yet, research has not examined the relation between use of these devices and eating disorder-related attitudes and behaviors. This study explored associations between the use of calorie counting and fitness tracking devices and eating disorder symptomatology. Participants (N=493) were college students who reported their use of tracking technology and completed measures of eating disorder symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213339/classifying-empirically-valid-and-clinically-meaningful-change-in-eating-disorders-using-the-eating-disorders-inventory-version-2-edi-2
#18
David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
The study examined the ability of the EDI-2 to classify empirically valid and clinically meaningful change using clinical significance and the Reliable Change Index (CS/RCI), and compared CS/RCI to classification based on diagnostic change. Eating disorder (ED) patients (N=363) were assessed at intake and after 36months on measures of ED and psychiatric symptoms, self-image, interpersonal relationships, treatment satisfaction and general outcome. Patients were categorized using a four-way classification scheme as "Deteriorated", "Unchanged", "Improved" or "No ED"; and using a two-way classification scheme as either in remission or not in remission...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199907/beliefs-about-genetic-influences-on-eating-behaviors-characteristics-and-associations-with-weight-management-confidence
#19
Susan Persky, Sofia Bouhlal, Megan R Goldring, Colleen M McBride
INTRODUCTION: The development of precision approaches for customized health interventions is a promising application of genomic discovery. To optimize such weight management interventions, target audiences will need to be engaged in research and implementation efforts. Investigation into approaches that engage these audiences will be required to ensure that genomic information, particularly with respect to genomic influences on endophenotypes like eating behavior, is understood and accepted, and not associated with unintended adverse outcomes...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189946/do-changes-in-affect-moderate-the-association-between-attachment-anxiety-and-body-dissatisfaction-in-children-an-experimental-study-by-means-of-the-trier-social-stress-test
#20
Lien Goossens, Kim Van Durme, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Laurence Claes
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have already found a positive association between attachment and disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in children and adolescents. However, to our knowledge, no experimental studies have examined whether changes in negative and/or positive affect moderate the association between attachment anxiety and body dissatisfaction in children. METHOD: A controlled laboratory setting was used to investigate whether changes in state negative and/or positive affect moderate the association between attachment anxiety and body satisfaction in a sample of 81 children (Mage=11...
February 2, 2017: Eating Behaviors
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