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Eating Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433085/patterns-of-body-image-concerns-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-latent-profile-analysis
#1
Svenja Hoffmann, Petra Warschburger
The present study aimed at identifying latent profiles of body image concerns in adolescents and young adults. Subsequently, associations between these profiles and potentially harmful behaviors are examined. Self-report data of 758 male and female adolescents, aged 14 to 22 years, were analyzed. Participants provided demographic and anthropometric data and completed surveys on weight/shape and muscularity concern as well as on disturbed eating behaviors and dysfunctional exercise. Latent profile analyses of weight/shape concern and muscularity concern were performed separately for each gender...
February 8, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428865/attentional-bias-is-more-predictive-of-eating-behavior-after-self-control-exertion
#2
Garrett A Pollert, Jennifer C Veilleux
There is experimental evidence to suggest that attentional bias to food stimuli may predict food intake. The process model of ego-depletion (Inzlicht & Schmeichel, 2012) proposes that after self-control exertion, attention shifts toward rewarding objects such as palatable food, which in turn should prompt greater food consumption as an indicator of lower self-control. In the current study, 84 female restrained and unrestrained eaters engaged in a self-control or neutral task, followed by a measure of attentional bias and an eating task...
February 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413819/caregiver-burden-and-illness-perceptions-in-caregivers-of-medically-hospitalized-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Abigail Matthews, Katrina R Lenz, James Peugh, Emily C Copps, Claire M Peterson
Caregiver burden is common in caregivers of youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) and could impede the successful implementation of family-based therapy (FBT). Thus, it is important to better understand mechanisms by which caregiver burden is developed and maintained. This study aimed to examine the relation between caregiver illness perceptions about AN, symptom severity indicators, and caregiver burden in a sample of medically hospitalized youth with AN. Fifty-one youth with AN (N = 34) or Atypical AN (AAN; N = 17; mean age = 14...
February 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413820/the-influence-of-non-clinical-eating-related-psychopathology-on-the-recognition-of-emotion-from-static-faces-and-realistic-social-interactions
#4
Deborah J Wallis, Nathan Ridout, Emma Sharpe
Emotion recognition deficits have consistently been reported in clinical and sub-clinical disordered eating. However, most studies have used static faces, despite the dynamic nature of everyday social interactions. The current aims were to confirm previous findings of emotion recognition deficits in non-clinical disordered eating and to determine if these deficits would be more evident in response to static as compared to dynamic emotional stimuli. We also aimed to establish if these emotion recognition deficits could be explained by comorbid psychopathology (depression, anxiety or alexithymia)...
January 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413821/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-diagnosis-and-gender-are-associated-with-accelerated-weight-gain-trajectories-in-veterans-during-the-post-deployment-period
#5
Eugenia Buta, Robin Masheb, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Harini Bathulapalli, Cynthia A Brandt, Joseph L Goulet
BACKGROUND: Veterans are disproportionately affected by overweight/obesity and growing evidence suggests that post-deployment is a critical period of accelerated weight gain. OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, gender, and post-deployment weight trajectories among U.S. Operations Iraqi Freedom, Enduring Freedom, and New Dawn veterans. DESIGN: We used Veterans Affairs electronic health record data from 248,089 veterans (87% men) who, after their last deployment, had at least one medical visit between October 2001 and January 2009 and more than one BMI recorded through September 2010...
January 30, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413818/drunkorexia-among-adolescents-the-role-of-motivations-and-emotion-regulation
#6
Sara Pompili, Fiorenzo Laghi
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of disordered eating and alcohol use and misuse has frequently been highlighted in literature. METHOD: The first aim of the present study was to examine the association of drunkorexia with various disordered eating behaviors and alcohol consumption in a sample of male and female adolescents. The second goal was to investigate the motivations underlying drunkorexia and the third goal was to examine the relationship between drunkorexia and different dimensions of emotion regulation...
January 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310054/less-symptomatic-but-equally-impaired-clinical-impairment-in-restricting-versus-binge-eating-purging-subtype-of-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated subtype differences in eating disorder-specific impairment in a treatment-seeking sample of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: The Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) and the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) were administered to 142 patients. Of these, 54.9% were classified as restricting type (AN-R) and 45.1% were classified as binge-eating/purging type (AN-B/P) based on an average weekly occurrence of binge eating and/or purging episodes (≥4 episodes/28days)...
December 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306178/an-examination-of-the-relationships-between-acculturative-stress-perceived-discrimination-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-among-ethnic-minority-college-students
#8
Mun Yee Kwan, Kathryn H Gordon, Allison M Minnich
Empirical evidence suggests the importance of considering acculturative stress and perceived discrimination in understanding the mental health of ethnic minority groups, including their eating behaviors and associated psychopathology. The current study examined the effect of acculturative stress and perceived discrimination on eating disorder symptoms among ethnic minority undergraduate students. A total of 187 ethnic minority undergraduate students (41.2% men) completed this cross-sectional study by completing self-report questionnaires on a secure online system...
December 29, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247895/therapists-self-reported-drift-from-dialectical-behavior-therapy-techniques-for-eating-disorders
#9
Lucene Wisniewski, Maria Elena Hernandez Hernandez, Glenn Waller
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that clinicians underuse or omit techniques that constitute an essential part of evidence-based therapies. However, it is not known whether this is the case in DBT for eating disorders. The aims of this study were; 1) exploring the extent to which DBT techniques were used by self-identified DBT clinicians treating eating disorders; 2) determining whether therapists fell into distinct groups, based on their usage of DBT techniques; and 3) examining whether clinician characteristics were related to the use of such techniques...
December 12, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245042/is-the-diagnostic-threshold-for-bulimia-nervosa-clinically-meaningful
#10
Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Kelsie T Forbush
The DSM-5 differentiates full- and sub-threshold bulimia nervosa (BN) according to average weekly frequencies of binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors. This study was the first to evaluate the modified frequency criterion for BN published in the DSM-5. The purpose of this study was to test whether community-recruited adults (N=125; 83.2% women) with current full-threshold (n=77) or sub-threshold BN (n=48) differed in comorbid psychopathology and eating disorder (ED) illness duration, symptom severity, and clinical impairment...
December 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145095/fear-of-food-prospectively-predicts-drive-for-thinness-in-an-eating-disorder-sample-recently-discharged-from-intensive-treatment
#11
Cheri A Levinson, Leigh C Brosof, Jackie Ma, Laura Fewell, Eric J Lenze
Fears of food are common in individuals with eating disorders and contribute to the high relapse rates. However, it is unknown how fears of food contribute to eating disorder symptoms across time, potentially contributing to an increased likelihood of relapse. Participants diagnosed with an eating disorder (N=168) who had recently completed intensive treatment were assessed after discharge and one month later regarding fear of food, eating disorder symptoms, anxiety sensitivity, and negative affect. Cross lagged path analysis was utilized to determine if fear of food predicted subsequent eating disorder symptoms one month later...
December 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128549/personality-traits-and-appearance-ideal-internalization-differential-associations-with-body-dissatisfaction-and-compulsive-exercise
#12
Shelby J Martin, Sarah E Racine
Thin-ideal internalization is a robust risk factor for body dissatisfaction and eating pathology. Conversely, athletic-ideal internalization is often unrelated to body dissatisfaction, but predicts compulsive exercise (i.e., rigid, rule-driven exercise that is continued despite adverse consequences). Distinct personality traits could relate to internalization of different appearance ideals, which may be associated with divergent eating disorder outcomes. Past research has shown that neuroticism is related to body dissatisfaction, whereas extraversion and conscientiousness have been associated with regular and problematic exercise...
December 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127938/caregiver-feeding-practices-and-weight-status-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#13
E Thomaseo Burton, Tanganyika Wilder, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
Adolescence is a stage in the life course during which youth become more autonomous in their health behaviors. Overweight and obesity during this developmental period are associated with short- and long-term physical and emotional morbidity, and African American youth are at pronounced risk for these health outcomes. The style of parenting employed by caregivers influences health behaviors in children, though the persistence of this influence into adolescence is not clear. This study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices, body mass index z-score (zBMI), and waist circumference (WC) in a cohort of 212 African American adolescents (50...
December 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202335/sweet-taste-preference-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-preliminary-investigation
#14
Erica L Goodman, Lauren Breithaupt, Hunna J Watson, Christine M Peat, Jessica H Baker, Cynthia M Bulik, Kimberly A Brownley
Research suggests that individuals with high liking for sweets are at increased risk for binge eating, which has been minimally investigated in individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED). Forty-one adults (85% female, 83% white) with binge eating concerns completed a sweet taste test and measures of eating disorder behaviors and food cravings. A subset of participants with BED completed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT; N=21) and a 24-hour dietary recall (N=26). Regression models were used to compare highest sweet preferers (HSP [N=18]) to other sweet preferers (OSP [N=23]) and were used to assess associations between sweet taste preference and outcome variables...
November 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156372/psychometric-properties-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-ies-2-in-a-culturally-diverse-hispanic-american-sample
#15
Jessica F Saunders, Kristin A Nichols-Lopez, Leslie D Frazier
BACKGROUND: Intuitive eating is an adaptive eating tendency consistently associated with positive physical and mental health outcomes, including lower risk for obesity and eating disorders (EDs). Obesity rates are disproportionately high in Hispanic American populations, yet the properties of intuitive eating remain to be examined in such samples. METHOD: The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) in a Hispanic American sample of adult college students (N=482), and related IES-2 scores to levels of disordered eating, body mass index (BMI), fruit and vegetable consumption, and body shape satisfaction...
November 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112884/appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-symptoms-of-social-anxiety-and-disordered-eating-cognitions-and-behaviors
#16
Jake Linardon, Rachel Braithwaite, Rachel Cousins, Leah Brennan
Previous research has established a robust relationship between symptoms of social anxiety and disordered eating. However, the mechanisms that may underpin this relationship are unclear. Appearance-based rejection sensitivity (ABRS)-the tendency to anxiously expect and overreact to signs of appearance-based rejection-may be a crucial explanatory mechanism, as ABRS has been shown to maintain social anxiety symptoms and predict disordered eating. We therefore tested whether ABRS mediated the relationship between social anxiety symptoms and various indices of disordered eating (over-evaluation of weight/shape, restraint, binge eating, compulsive exercise, and vomiting)...
October 31, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111496/direct-experience-while-eating-laboratory-outcomes-among-individuals-with-eating-disorders-versus-healthy-controls
#17
Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Vanessa Narváez, Victoria Seto, Ana Martin-Blanco, Juan C Pascual, José Soriano, Joaquim Soler
OBJECTIVE: To compare individuals with eating disorders (EDs) to healthy controls (HCs) to assess for differences in direct engagement in the eating process. METHOD: Participants (n=58) were asked to eat an orange slice. To assess the degree of direct engagement with the eating process, participants were asked to write down 10 thoughts about the experience of eating the orange slice. Next, the participants were instructed to classify the main focus of each thought as either experiential ("direct experience") or analytical ("thinking about")...
October 28, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073490/exploring-gender-differences-in-the-link-between-weight-suppression-and-eating-pathology
#18
C Blair Burnette, Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Weight suppression (WS), the difference in one's highest weight (excluding pregnancy) and current weight at current height, is associated with the onset of eating disorders. Previous research has explored the influence of WS in predominantly clinical, female samples. However, the transition to college is a particularly high-risk time for weight gain and the development of eating pathology and men with eating disorders often have higher premorbid weights. This study investigated the associations of WS and dimensions of eating pathology in an undergraduate sample (N=859) and examined the effect of gender...
October 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843592/longitudinal-impact-of-weight-misperception-and-intent-to-change-weight-on-body-mass-index-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity
#19
Diana Rancourt, Idia B Thurston, Kendrin R Sonneville, Carly E Milliren, Tracy K Richmond
OBJECTIVE: Accurate perception of one's weight status is believed to be necessary to motivate weight loss intention and subsequent weight loss among those with overweight/obesity. This proposed pathway, however, is understudied in longitudinal research. This study examined the indirect effect of weight change intention on the relationship between weight status perception and BMI change among adolescents with overweight/obesity. METHODS: Participants included 2664 adolescents with overweight/obesity (52% female) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843591/my-fitness-pal-calorie-tracker-usage-in-the-eating-disorders
#20
Cheri A Levinson, Laura Fewell, Leigh C Brosof
Mobile phone and tablet usage has become a part of modern life. Mobile applications that count calories, such as My Fitness Pal, are frequently employed on a daily basis. Recent research has shown that in undergraduates, calorie tracking is associated with eating disorder pathology. In the current study (N=105 individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder), we assessed usage of My Fitness Pal to track calories. We also assessed perceptions that My Fitness Pal contributed to eating disorder symptoms and if these perceptions were associated with eating disorder symptoms...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
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