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Eating Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851988/missing-and-discrepant-data-on-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-quantity-quality-and-implications
#1
Nichole R Kelly, Elizabeth W Cotter, Janet A Lydecker, Suzanne E Mazzeo
The aim of this study was to examine relations among missing and discrepant data on the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q; Fairburn & Beglin, 1994) and individual demographic factors and eating disorder symptoms. Data from 3968 men and women collected in five independent studies were examined. Descriptive statistics were used to detect the quantity of missing and discrepant data, as well as independent samples t-tests and chi-square analyses to examine group differences between participants with and without missing or discrepant data...
November 13, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865202/compulsive-exercise-as-a-mediator-between-clinical-perfectionism-and-eating-pathology
#2
Sarah J Egan, Kate Bodill, Hunna J Watson, Emily Valentine, Chloe Shu, Martin S Hagger
The aim of this study was to examine whether compulsive exercise mediates the relationship between clinical perfectionism and eating pathology, based on the cognitive behavioral model of compulsive exercise. Participants were 368 adults who participated regularly in sport/exercise and completed online measures of perfectionism, compulsive exercise and eating disorders. In support of the well-established link between perfectionism and eating disorders, clinical perfectionism predicted eating pathology both directly and indirectly mediated by compulsive exercise...
November 10, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851989/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-during-childhood-predicts-self-reported-binge-eating-in-adolescence
#3
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the current study were to examine whether eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) at age 7 predicted reports of self-reported binge eating at age 15 and to identify factors among girls with high-EAH that moderated risk of later binge eating. METHOD: Subjects included 158 girls assessed at age 7 and age 15. Logistic regression was used to predict binge eating at age 15 from calories consumed during EAH at age 7. A series of logistic regressions were used to examine the odds of reporting binge eating given levels of risk factors (e...
November 10, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863900/introduction-to-special-issue
#4
EDITORIAL
Megan Jones, Rachel Rodgers, Susan Paxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816412/towards-successful-evidence-based-universal-eating-disorders-prevention-the-importance-of-zooming-out
#5
Megan Jones Bell, Rachel F Rodgers, Susan J Paxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889237/universal-prevention-of-eating-disorders-a-concept-analysis
#6
Michael P Levine
The definition of universal prevention is important for theoretical, research, and policy-related reasons. The present article provides an etymological and historical look at the concept of universal prevention, in and of itself and in terms of its position on the mental health intervention spectrum involving mental health promotion, selective prevention, indicated prevention, case identification, and treatment. Following a summary of the features commonly associated with universal prevention, these characteristics are fashioned into a family resemblance model for defining the construct...
October 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825587/rebel-peer-education-a-model-of-a-voluntary-after-school-program-for-eating-disorder-prevention
#7
Lauren Breithaupt, Laura Eickman, Catherine E Byrne, Sarah Fischer
Dissonance-based eating disorder prevention leads to decreases in risk factors for these disorders. Although controlled trials have demonstrated that targeted, manualized programs reduce eating disorder risk, concerns regarding implementation and dissemination remain. A primary concern is the difficulty in adapting programs for a high school setting for populations at highest risk: adolescents. This paper describes the REbeL Peer Education model and assesses the initial pilot trials of the intervention. The program is novel in that it utilizes a voluntary, self-selection model that is sustainable in a high school setting, and focuses on empowerment and effective cognitive dissonance based prevention activities...
October 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863330/weight-bias-health-consciousness-and-behavioral-actions-activities
#8
Matthew Wood, Paurav Shukla
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the influence of weight bias and health consciousness on eating and dietary behavior; it also investigates the role of normative influences. DESIGN AND METHODS: A sample of adults living in South-East England (N=498) completed anonymous questionnaires about their diet, attitudes and beliefs towards obese people, health consciousness and normative influences. The survey included validated measures of anti-fat attitudes, and beliefs about obese people...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842263/appropriateness-of-the-food-pics-image-database-for-experimental-eating-and-appetite-research-with-adolescents
#9
Chad D Jensen, Kara M Duraccio, Kimberly A Barnett, Kimberly S Stevens
BACKGROUND: Research examining effects of visual food cues on appetite-related brain processes and eating behavior has proliferated. Recently investigators have developed food image databases for use across experimental studies examining appetite and eating behavior. The food-pics image database represents a standardized, freely available image library originally validated in a large sample primarily comprised of adults. The suitability of the images for use with adolescents has not been investigated...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816857/replication-and-extension-of-the-dual-pathway-model-of-disordered-eating-the-role-of-fear-of-negative-evaluation-suggestibility-rumination-and-self-compassion
#10
Toni M Maraldo, Wanni Zhou, Jessica Dowling, Jillon S Vander Wal
OBJECTIVE: The dual pathway model, a theoretical model of eating disorder development, suggests that thin ideal internalization leads to body dissatisfaction which leads to disordered eating via the dual pathways of negative affect and dietary restraint. While the dual pathway model has been a valuable guide for eating disorder prevention, greater knowledge of characteristics that predict thin ideal internalization is needed. METHOD: The present study replicated and extended the dual pathway model by considering the addition of fear of negative evaluation, suggestibility, rumination, and self-compassion in a sample of community women and female university students...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816856/improving-dietary-diversity-of-school-adolescents-through-school-based-nutrition-education-and-home-gardening-in-jimma-zone-quasi-experimental-design
#11
Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Aderajew Nigussie, Girmay Ayana, Tefera Belachew
PURPOSE: The purpose of this operational study was to assess the effectiveness school-based health and nutrition intervention supported with backyard gardening on the dietary diversity among school adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1000 school adolescents from 10 to 19years were selected randomly. The intervention involved peer-led behavior change communication and health promotion through school media and health clubs. Data were collected at baseline, midline and end-line using structured questionnaires...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816855/exploring-the-effect-of-external-shame-on-body-appreciation-among-portuguese-young-adults-the-role-of-self-compassion
#12
Joana Marta-Simões, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes
Studies on body image-related disturbances have recently embraced a fresh and innovative construct: body appreciation. Body appreciation, an aspect of positive body image, defines as the detention of a balanced, affectionate and health-conscious relationship with one's own body's features. Its exploration is considered to be essential to the success of upcoming prevention and intervention programs in the area of body image and eating disorders. The role of shame, although widely studied in negative body image and eating psychopathology, is yet unknown regarding body appreciation...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816854/diet-quality-is-associated-with-mental-health-social-support-and-neighborhood-factors-among-veterans
#13
Katherine D Hoerster, Sarah Wilson, Karin M Nelson, Gayle E Reiber, Robin M Masheb
United States Veterans have a higher prevalence of overweight and related chronic conditions compared to the general population. Although diet is a primary and modifiable contributor to these conditions, little is known about factors influencing diet quality among Veterans. The goal of this study is to examine individual, social environment, and physical environment correlates of general diet quality among Veterans. Study participants (N=653) received care at an urban VA Medical Center in Seattle, WA and completed a mailed survey in 2012 and 2013...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794273/screening-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid-in-children-outcomes-from-utilitarian-versus-specialist-psychometrics
#14
Terence M Dovey, Victoria K Aldridge, Clarissa I Martin, Markus Wilken, Caroline Meyer
This study assessed the specificity and sensitivity of two commonly used psychometric methods to assess ARFID in children. To achieve this, a sample of 329 mothers and one father completed the Behavioral Pediatrics Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS) and the Child Food Neophobia Scale (CFNS). A Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated that both measures were able to successfully differentiate a known clinical sample from those of typically developing population. Although the BPFAS was more accurate at differentiating ARFID from the general population, the CFNS was acceptable and on some metrics better than its longer counterpart...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776280/development-of-self-report-scales-measuring-collaborative-vs-directive-support-assessing-beliefs-and-behaviors-in-carers-of-adults-with-eating-disorders
#15
Michel A Thibodeau, Josie Geller, Megumi Iyar
Collaboration is more acceptable and likely to produce favorable outcomes when providing care to individuals with eating disorders compared to directive care. We developed two self-report instruments that assess the extent to which carers (e.g., family, friends) of individuals with eating disorders provide collaborative vs. directive support (Support Behaviors Scale; SBH) and the extent to which carers believe that such approaches are helpful (Support Beliefs Scale; SBL). Participants were mothers, fathers, partners, friends and siblings (N=141) of eating disorder patients in hospital or residential treatment...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776279/the-role-of-body-image-psychological-flexibility-on-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-a-residential-facility
#16
E J Bluett, E B Lee, M Simone, G Lockhart, M P Twohig, Tera Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test whether pre-treatment levels of psychological flexibility would longitudinally predict quality of life and eating disorder risk in patients at a residential treatment facility for eating disorders. METHOD: Data on body image psychological flexibility, quality of life, and eating disorder risk were collected from 63 adolescent and 50 adult, female, residential patients (N=113) diagnosed with an eating disorder. These same measures were again collected at post-treatment...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718454/association-of-binge-eating-behavior-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-elsa-brasil-study-results-from-baseline-data
#17
Andréa Poyastro Pinheiro, Maria Angélica Nunes, Natália Bordin Barbieri, Álvaro Vigo, Estela L M Aquino, Sandhi Barreto, Dora Chor, Maria Inês Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association of binge eating behavior (BE) with common mental disorders (CMD). METHOD: Cross sectional investigation of 14,088 adults, aged 35-74years (ELSA-Brasil study). BE was assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID - DSM IV) questions, and psychiatric morbidity with CIS-R (CIS R - Clinical Interview Schedule Revised). Poisson regression was used to estimate the association of BE and psychiatric morbidity...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718453/parental-reflective-functioning-among-mothers-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#18
Elizabeth Claydon, Stephanie Zerwas, Laura Callinan, Megan V Smith
OBJECTIVE: Reflective Functioning is a vital aspect of parental aptitude and its absence, especially in the presence of psychopathology, can impair attachment. This study sought to clarify the relationship of parental RF among mothers with eating disorder symptomatology. METHOD: We assessed 59 mothers for ED symptomatology using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and RF through the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ). Bivariate and multivariate analyses compared PRFQ subscales between symptomatic and asymptomatic mothers, using a clinical cutoff score of 4 on the EDE-Q subscales...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679970/loss-of-control-over-eating-scale-loces-validation-in-undergraduate-men-and-women-with-and-without-eating-disorder-symptoms
#19
Emily C Stefano, Allison F Wagner, Jonathan M Mond, David C Cicero, Janet D Latner
The present study aimed to further validate the Loss of Control Over Eating Scale (LOCES) for use with undergraduate men and women with and without eating disorder (ED) symptoms. A total of 261 participants completed the LOCES and the Eating Disorder Examination - Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and were identified as non-clinical or having probable ED symptomatology based on previously used EDE-Q cutoff scores. Results indicated that the LOCES and its subscales were significantly associated with and a significant predictor of global ED pathology and binge episode frequency...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673706/perfectionism-emotion-dysregulation-and-affective-disturbance-in-relation-to-clinical-impairment-in-college-age-women-at-high-risk-for-or-with-eating-disorders
#20
Meghan E Byrne, Dawn M Eichen, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley
Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) demonstrate impaired quality of life; however, less than one-third report severe clinical impairment. Thus, it is important to determine factors that may identify those who are most likely to report marked impairment. Perfectionism, emotion dysregulation, and aspects of affective disturbance, such as anxiety and depression, are independently associated with eating pathology and clinical impairment in eating and other disorders. However, little research has explored these three factors concurrently in relation to eating pathology...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
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