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Eating Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30419421/do-body-checking-and-avoidance-behaviours-explain-variance-in-disordered-eating-beyond-attitudinal-measures-of-body-image
#1
Jake Linardon, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Mariel Messer, Leah Brennan
Body checking and body avoidance, considered to be behavioural manifestations of core attitudinal disturbances of body image, are theorized to be important contributors to the development and maintenance of eating disorder symptoms. Currently, however, it is unclear whether body checking and body avoidance accounts for variance in disordered eating behaviours beyond core attitudinal components of body image (i.e., over-evaluation, preoccupation, dissatisfaction). This was the objective of the present study...
November 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30388691/parental-body-dissatisfaction-and-controlling-child-feeding-practices-a-prospective-study-of-australian-parent-child-dyads
#2
Haley J Webb, Emma Haycraft
The aim of the present study was to examine whether parents' reported use of controlling feeding practices (restrictive feeding and pressure to eat) change over 6 months, and whether parents' concerns about their own weight and shape are prospectively associated with increasing use of controlling feeding practices. Participants were 48 Australian parents (92% female; Mage  = 37.8 years) who completed questionnaires twice, with a 6-month time lag, regarding a target child aged 7.6 years on average (52% female)...
October 28, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359908/relationships-between-eating-disorder-specific-and-transdiagnostic-risk-factors-for-binge-eating-an-integrative-moderated-mediation-model-of-emotion-regulation-anticipatory-reward-and-expectancy
#3
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Carol B Peterson, Carolyn M Pearson
Although relationships between negative affect, emotion dysregulation, and binge eating have been well-established, the mechanisms and individual risk factors that account for this relationship have yet to be elucidated. In addition to emotion dysregulation, altered reward functioning and negative affect eating expectancies (i.e., the expectancy that eating will relieve negative affect) are factors that have been previously linked to binge eating, though theoretical frameworks have not provided an integrated conceptualization of relationships between these domains...
October 17, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253292/food-craving-frequency-mediates-the-relationship-between-emotional-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-pregnancy
#4
Lauren E Blau, Natalia C Orloff, Amy Flammer, Carolyn Slatch, Julia M Hormes
An estimated 50% of pregnancies in the U.S. are associated with maternal weight gain that exceeds Institute of Medicine recommendations. The numerous adverse consequences of obesity in gestation, delivery and the postpartum have been widely documented. The role of excess gestational weight gain (GWG) as a predictor of lifetime obesity risk in mothers and their children is also increasingly recognized. Cravings and negative affect are commonly cited triggers of overconsumption in pregnant women. We sought to examine the role of food craving frequency as a mediator in the relation between emotional eating and excess GWG...
September 20, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243053/starting-university-with-high-eating-self-regulatory-skills-protects-students-against-unhealthy-dietary-intake-and-substantial-weight-gain-over-6-months
#5
Nathalie Kliemann, Helen Croker, Fiona Johnson, Rebecca J Beeken
BACKGROUND: There is consistent evidence that suggests first year students are at risk of weight gain, but the reasons for this vulnerability are still unclear. This study aimed to explore whether the ability to regulate eating behaviours is a predictor of weight and dietary changes in first year undergraduate students. METHODS: First year undergraduate students from universities situated in London were invited to complete a survey at the beginning of the academic year and at 6-month follow-up...
September 15, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245363/food-and-alcohol-disturbance-fad-in-the-u-s-and-france-nationality-and-gender-effects-and-relations-to-drive-for-thinness-and-alcohol-use
#6
Emily M Choquette, D Luis Ordaz, Tiffany Melioli, Beatrice Delage, Henri Chabrol, Rachel Rodgers, J Kevin Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Food and Alcohol Disturbance (FAD), colloquially coined "drunkorexia," is a set of behaviors that encompasses restriction of calories, over-exercise, and other compensatory behaviors before, during, or after alcohol use to offset caloric intake or maximize intoxication. To date, this phenomenon has not been compared in a cross-cultural sample. METHOD: The Compensatory Eating and Behaviors Related to Alcohol Consumption Scale (CEBRACS), Eating Disorder Inventory - Drive for Thinness Subscale (EDI-DT) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test of Consumption (AUDIT-C) were completed by 502 American (73% female) and 365 French (68% female) college students...
September 13, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223206/examining-the-effect-of-cue-exposure-and-introspective-responses-to-cues-on-impulsivity-in-restrained-and-unrestrained-eaters
#7
Jennifer C Veilleux, Kayla D Skinner, Garrett A Pollert
The current study extends cue-reactivity research by evaluating impulsive valuation as an outcome of exposure to food cues. This study also separates introspection after viewing cues (e.g., responding to questions about craving and affect) from mere cue exposure, to examine if introspection changes self-regulation behaviors in response to food cues. Finally, we compared restrained and unrestrained eaters to ascertain the influence of motivation toward food on how cue-reactivity influences impulsive behavior...
September 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199771/a-preliminary-trial-of-an-online-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-intervention
#8
M A Green, A Kroska, A Herrick, B Bryant, E Sage, L Miles, M Ravet, M Powers, W Whitegoat, R Linkhart, B King
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of an expanded online version of the Body Project (n = 46) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 36) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 82) with clinical (n = 53) and subclinical (n = 29) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade objectification and maladaptive social comparison and adapted to an online format...
September 4, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261365/-toxic-pleasures-a-study-of-eating-out-behavior-in-arab-female-university-students-and-its-associations-with-psychological-distress-and-disordered-eating
#9
Maryam A Al-Thani, Salma M Khaled
University years are a critical period in which young people establish independence and adopt lasting health behaviors. The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between eating out, psychological distress, and disordered eating behaviors among young Arab females in Qatar a rapidly developing small nation. A cross-sectional probability-based survey of 1615 Qatar University's female students assessed the frequency of eating out (main independent variable) and other eating behaviors in relation to two main dependent variables, disordered eating and psychological distress, which were measured using the Eating Attitudes Test and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, respectively...
September 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195189/motivators-barriers-and-strategies-of-weight-management-a-cross-sectional-study-among-finnish-adults
#10
Faranak Halali, Anja Lapveteläinen, Leila Karhunen, Anna-Maria Saarela, Raimo Lappalainen, Teuvo Kantanen
BACKGROUND: Weight management (WM) is an ongoing global challenge. The purpose of this study was to analyze motivators, barriers, and strategies of WM among Finnish adults. METHODS: Data were collected in the 'KULUMA' (Consumers at the Weight Management Market) project among 667 community-dwelling adults in Eastern and Central Finland (Kuopio and Jyväskylä). The self-reported questionnaire collected background information and responses to motivators, barriers, and strategy items...
August 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149364/the-role-of-depression-eating-disorder-symptoms-and-exercise-in-young-adults-quality-of-life
#11
Paige J Trojanowski, Sarah Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorder (ED) symptoms are negatively associated with quality of life (QOL), while exercise is typically positively associated with QOL. Past studies have not examined the relative contribution of depression to this outcome. This study examined the influence of ED symptoms, exercise frequency, and exercise motivation on global QOL in undergraduates while accounting for the shared relationship between ED symptoms and depression. METHOD: Students (N = 851) completed the EDE-Q, Reasons for Exercise Inventory, BDI-II, Quality of Life Inventory, and a 1-month exercise timeline followback calendar...
August 18, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153545/approaches-to-restrictive-feeding-associations-with-child-weight-and-eating-behavior
#12
Megan H Pesch, Danielle P Appugliese, Alison L Miller, Katherine L Rosenblum, Julie C Lumeng, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Identifying differences in how mothers communicate restriction of their children's eating may be important to understanding the effects of restriction on children's intake and weight status. OBJECTIVES: To characterize mothers' restrictive statements by affect and directness, and examine cross-sectional associations between restrictive statement types and children's body mass index and eating behaviors. METHODS: Mother-child dyads (N = 223, mean child age 5...
December 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053676/more-rapid-increase-in-bmi-from-age-5-15-is-associated-with-elevated-weight-status-at-age-24-among-non-hispanic-white-females
#13
Katherine N Balantekin, Emily E Hohman, Elizabeth L Adams, Michele E Marini, Alison K Ventura, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
BACKGROUND: A rapidly increasing BMI trajectory throughout childhood is associated with negative health outcomes in adulthood such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether BMI trajectories from age 5-15 predicted changes in weight and BMI from adolescence to adulthood, and dieting-related behaviors in young adulthood. METHODS: Non-Hispanic White female participants from Early Dieting in Girls (n = 182), a longitudinal cohort study, were followed from age 5 to 15 and completed a follow-up survey at age 24...
December 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142550/confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-non-hispanic-white-and-hispanic-women
#14
Kelsey N Serier, Jane Ellen Smith, Elizabeth A Yeater
OBJECTIVE: Body dissatisfaction and eating disorder rates have increased in racial and ethnic minority groups, yet the validity of various commonly-used eating disorder instruments has not been established in these populations. One way to establish validity is to test for measurement invariance; namely, that the same constructs are being measured across groups. This study tested the measurement invariance of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) across non-Hispanic White and Hispanic women...
August 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142551/how-eating-behavior-food-stimuli-and-gender-may-affect-visual-attention-an-eye-tracking-study
#15
Gerrit Hummel, Janine Ehret, Iris Zerweck, Sara Salazar Winter, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103205/school-based-versus-after-school-delivery-of-a-universal-wellness-programme-a-randomized-controlled-multi-arm-trial
#16
Moria Golan, Wiessam Abu Ahmad
Positive self-image and body image as well as high self-esteem and media literacy are considered protective factors against health-compromising behaviours. Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize outcomes from such programmes. Most universal wellness programmes are school based and thus delivered to a "captive" population. Only a few reports have been published about wellness programmes delivered in after-school settings, and none of them compared delivery after school to delivery in a school-based setting...
August 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096700/postprandial-gut-hormone-responses-to-hass-avocado-meals-and-their-association-with-visual-analog-scores-in-overweight-adults-a-randomized-3-%C3%A3-3-crossover-trial
#17
Ella Haddad, Michelle Wien, Keiji Oda, Joan Sabaté
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in postingestive gut hormone concentrations from the consumption of Hass avocado by addition or inclusion to lunch test meals, and to examine their association with measures of appetite sensation. METHODS: A randomized 3 × 3 crossover study was conducted with 26 healthy overweight adults. Participants consumed one of three test meals: avocado-free control (C); isoenergic avocado inclusive (AI); and, energy increased avocado added (AA) one week apart...
August 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012278/sensation-seeking-binge-type-eating-disorders-victimization-and-ptsd-in-the-national-women-s-study
#18
Timothy D Brewerton, Bonnie Dansky Cotton, Dean G Kilpatrick
OBJECTIVE: Higher degrees of sensation seeking (SS) are reported in community and clinical samples of individuals with eating disorders with binge-type features (BTEDs), but no reports exist in representative probability samples of adult women. Additionally, SS has been linked to victimization and PTSD, also associated with BTEDs, yet interrelationships between these variables are unexplored. METHODS: A national, probability sample of 3006 adult women (≥18 y/o) completed structured telephone interviews including assessments for victimization, PTSD, bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990654/body-mass-index-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-weight-status-misperception-and-disordered-eating-behaviors
#19
Christina L Verzijl, Erica Ahlich, Brittany Lang, Diana Rancourt
Weight status under-perception is protective against disordered eating behaviors and weight gain; however, it is unclear whether under-perception may confer protection across all weight classes. This work explored body mass index as a moderator of the association between weight status perception accuracy and disordered eating behaviors among adults with overweight or obesity. A total of 572 adults (58.7% female; age M = 39.50, SD = 11.57) with overweight or obesity (body mass index M = 31.50, SD = 6...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990653/using-participant-feedback-to-improve-two-selective-eating-disorder-and-obesity-prevention-programs
#20
Heather Shaw, Paul Rohde, Eric Stice
OBJECTIVE: To examine qualitative feedback from participants of Healthy Weight and Project Health eating disorder/obesity prevention programs to guide refinements to increase program efficacy. METHOD: Feedback was collected from college students with weight concerns randomly assigned to one of these interventions (N = 364, 72% female). RESULTS: Healthy Weight participants reported greater program satisfaction (p = 0.02); no other quantitative differences emerged in opinions of the program or leaders...
August 2018: Eating Behaviors
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