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Eating Behaviors

T Burrows, J Skinner, M A Joyner, J Palmieri, K Vaughan, A N Gearhardt
Food addiction research in children is limited, and to date addictive-like eating behaviors within families have not been investigated. The aim of this study is to understand factors associated with addictive-like eating in children. The association between food addiction in children with obesity, parental food addiction, and parental feeding practices (i.e., restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) was investigated. Parents/primary caregivers (aged≥18years) of children aged 5-12years, recruited and completed an online cross-sectional survey including demographics, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ)...
February 16, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Tomo Umemura, Nancy Hazen
The present study examines the hypothesis that adult attachment orientation, specifically anxious attachment, is related to children's diminished ability to self-regulate their food intake, and that this relationship is mediated by parents' persuasive-controlling feeding practices. Two hundred and sixty five mothers and fathers of preschool children completed online questionnaires that included measures of Adult Attachment Orientation, Parental Persuasive-Controlling Feeding Practices, and Child Self-Regulation of Eating...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Rachel D Barnes, Jessica A Barber
Motivational interviewing (MI) treatment for weight loss is being studied in primary care. The effect of such interventions on metabolic syndrome or binge eating disorder (BED), both highly related to excess weight, has not been examined in primary care. This study conducted secondary analyses from a randomized controlled trial to test the impact of MI for weight loss in primary care on metabolic syndrome. 74 adult participants with overweight/obesity recruited through primary care were randomized to 12weeks of either MI, an attentional control, or usual care...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Rachel F Rodgers, Karen E Peterson, Anne T Hunt, Jennifer L Spadano-Gasbarro, Tracy K Richmond, Mary L Greaney, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether racial/ethnic minority early adolescents with overweight/obesity are at increased risk of disordered weight control behaviors, defined as unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify shape and weight, ranging from self-induced vomiting to the use of dietary supplements. METHODS: U.S. Middle school children (n=12.511) provided self-report of gender, race/ethnicity, height, and weight as well as dieting and disordered weight control behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
The use of online calorie tracking applications and activity monitors is increasing exponentially. Anecdotal reports document the potential for these trackers to trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptomatology. Yet, research has not examined the relation between use of these devices and eating disorder-related attitudes and behaviors. This study explored associations between the use of calorie counting and fitness tracking devices and eating disorder symptomatology. Participants (N=493) were college students who reported their use of tracking technology and completed measures of eating disorder symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
The study examined the ability of the EDI-2 to classify empirically valid and clinically meaningful change using clinical significance and the Reliable Change Index (CS/RCI), and compared CS/RCI to classification based on diagnostic change. Eating disorder (ED) patients (N=363) were assessed at intake and after 36months on measures of ED and psychiatric symptoms, self-image, interpersonal relationships, treatment satisfaction and general outcome. Patients were categorized using a four-way classification scheme as "Deteriorated", "Unchanged", "Improved" or "No ED"; and using a two-way classification scheme as either in remission or not in remission...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Susan Persky, Sofia Bouhlal, Megan R Goldring, Colleen M McBride
INTRODUCTION: The development of precision approaches for customized health interventions is a promising application of genomic discovery. To optimize such weight management interventions, target audiences will need to be engaged in research and implementation efforts. Investigation into approaches that engage these audiences will be required to ensure that genomic information, particularly with respect to genomic influences on endophenotypes like eating behavior, is understood and accepted, and not associated with unintended adverse outcomes...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Lien Goossens, Kim Van Durme, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Laurence Claes
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have already found a positive association between attachment and disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in children and adolescents. However, to our knowledge, no experimental studies have examined whether changes in negative and/or positive affect moderate the association between attachment anxiety and body dissatisfaction in children. METHOD: A controlled laboratory setting was used to investigate whether changes in state negative and/or positive affect moderate the association between attachment anxiety and body satisfaction in a sample of 81 children (Mage=11...
February 2, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Robert A Carels, Jennifer C Selensky, James Rossi, Chelsey Solar, Reid Hlavka
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were twofold: 1) examine the effectiveness of an innovative three-step, stepped-care behavioral weight loss treatment, and 2) examine factors that contribute to poor weight loss outcomes and the need for more intensive treatment. METHODS: The total sample for the study consisted of 53 individuals (87% female) with MBMI=35.6, SDBMI=6.4. A three-step, stepped-care treatment approach was implemented over six months. Step 1 included the Diabetes Prevention Program manual adapted for self-administration augmented with monitoring technology shown to facilitate weight loss and participant accountability and engagement...
February 1, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Yizhou Zhou, Xiao Gao, Hong Chen, Fanchang Kong
Restrained eating for weight control and loss is becoming highly prevalent in many affluent societies, while most of the restrained eaters are rather unsuccessful in the long term. According to the strength model of self-control, the disinhibition effect of restrained eaters may occur after the depletion of self-control resources. However, no work has examined the direct impact of self-control resources on inhibitory control ability of restrained eaters. This study investigated the influences of self-control resources on the food-related inhibitory control among high-restraint/low-disinhibition restrained eaters, high-restraint/high-disinhibition restrained eaters and unrestrained eaters using stop signal task...
February 1, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Adrian Meule, Jens Blechert
Trait impulsivity has been suggested as a risk factor for weight gain. However, it is implausible that a construct that does not cover energy intake or expenditure affects fat mass directly. Instead, it is likely that eating-related variables mediate the effect of impulsivity on body mass. In the current study, a serial mediation model tested two eating-related variables (trait food craving and perceived self-regulatory success in weight regulation) as mediators of the relationship between trait impulsivity and body mass...
February 1, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Jake Linardon, Sarah Mitchell
This study aimed to replicate and extend from Tylka, Calogero, and Daníelsdóttir (2015) findings by examining the relationship between rigid control, flexible control, and intuitive eating on various indices of disordered eating (i.e., binge eating, disinhibition) and body image concerns (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, body checking, and weight-related exercise motivations). This study also examined whether the relationship between intuitive eating and outcomes was mediated by dichotomous thinking and body appreciation...
January 23, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha, Sérgio Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Meredith L Van Tine, Fiona McNicholas, Debra L Safer, W Stewart Agras
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and course of selective eating, the stability of its behavioral profile over time, and the presence of eating disorder psychopathology among selective eaters in a non-treatment seeking cohort of young adults followed longitudinally from birth to age 23. METHOD: A prospective design tracking a subset of the original participants from the Stanford Infant Growth Study (n=216) who had been followed since birth...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Evangelia E Antoniou, Peggy Bongers, Anita Jansen
Obesity and depression have important health implications. Although there is knowledge about the moderators of the depression-obesity association, our understanding of the potential behavioral and cognitive mediators that may explain the relationship between depression and obesity, is scarcely researched. The aim of this study is to investigate the mediating role of emotional eating and dichotomous thinking in the depression-obesity relationship. Data on 205 individuals from a community-based study conducted at Maastricht University, Netherlands were used...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Laura A Berner, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is under-explored in adults with obesity. In this study, 50 adults with obesity recorded eating episodes and theoretically-relevant environmental, perceptual, and emotional correlates in the natural environment for 2weeks via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Generalized linear models and mixed models were used to characterize correlates and consequences of EAH vs. non-EAH episodes/tendencies (within-subjects and between-subjects effects, respectively), time of day, and time of day×EAH interactions...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Louisa Pavey, Sue Churchill
The current study aimed to examine the effect of giving temporally framed health information regarding either the immediate or long-term health consequences of consuming high-calorie snacks, for people with high Negative Urgency (a dimension of impulsivity), and for those primed with impulsivity. We expected that for participants with high Negative Urgency, and those primed with impulsivity, information which detailed the immediate health benefits of avoiding snack consumption would be more effective than information which detailed long-term health benefits...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Chantal M Gautreau, Sherry H Stewart, Donald H Saklofske, Aislin R Mushquash
The perfectionism model of binge eating (PMOBE) posits perfectionistic concerns are a vulnerability factor for binge eating. And evidence indicates perfectionistic concerns and binge eating correlate positively. However, the direction of this relationship is seldom studied. Accordingly, it is unclear whether perfectionistic concerns represent an antecedent of binge eating (a vulnerability effect with perfectionistic concerns predicting increases in binge eating), a consequence of binge eating (a complication effect with binge eating predicting increases in perfectionistic concerns), or both (reciprocal relations with perfectionistic concerns predicting increases in binge eating and vice versa)...
January 10, 2017: Eating Behaviors
A V Nikčević, C Marino, G Caselli, M M Spada
Impulsivity, Body Mass Index, negative emotions and irrational food beliefs are often reported as predictors of binge eating. In the current study we explored the role played by two thinking styles, namely food thought suppression and desire thinking, in predicting binge eating among young adults controlling for established predictors of this condition. A total of 338 university students (268 females) participated in this study by completing a battery of questionnaires measuring the study variables. Path analysis revealed that impulsivity was not associated with binge eating, that Body Mass Index and negative emotions predicted binge eating, and that irrational food beliefs only influenced binge eating via food thought suppression and desire thinking...
January 10, 2017: Eating Behaviors
Genna Hymowitz, Jessica Salwen, Katie Lee Salis
The extant literature indicates negative self-perceptions are a risk factor for disordered eating (DE) and DE is a risk factor for overweight and obesity. While childhood emotional abuse (EA) is often linked to DE and obesity, it is typically not included in comprehensive models of these health problems. Further investigation of interactions among EA, self-perception, and DE is needed to refine treatments for overweight, obesity, and DE. This study evaluated a model of DE and weight difficulties in which negative self-perception mediate the relationship between EA and DE, and DE predicts body mass index (BMI) in a population of emerging adults...
January 6, 2017: Eating Behaviors
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