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Eating Behaviors

Emily C Stefano, Allison F Wagner, Jonathan M Mond, David C Cicero, Janet D Latner
The present study aimed to further validate the Loss of Control Over Eating Scale (LOCES) for use with undergraduate men and women with and without eating disorder (ED) symptoms. A total of 261 participants completed the LOCES and the Eating Disorder Examination - Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and were identified as non-clinical or having probable ED symptomatology based on previously used EDE-Q cutoff scores. Results indicated that the LOCES and its subscales were significantly associated with and a significant predictor of global ED pathology and binge episode frequency...
September 20, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Elizabeth Claydon, Stephanie Zerwas, Laura Callinan, Megan V Smith
OBJECTIVE: Reflective Functioning is a vital aspect of parental aptitude and its absence, especially in the presence of psychopathology, can impair attachment. This study sought to clarify the relationship of parental RF among mothers with eating disorder symptomatology. METHOD: We assessed 59 mothers for ED symptomatology using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and RF through the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ). Bivariate and multivariate analyses compared PRFQ subscales between symptomatic and asymptomatic mothers, using a clinical cutoff score of 4 on the EDE-Q subscales...
September 14, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Meghan E Byrne, Dawn M Eichen, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley
Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) demonstrate impaired quality of life; however, less than one-third report severe clinical impairment. Thus, it is important to determine factors that may identify those who are most likely to report marked impairment. Perfectionism, emotion dysregulation, and aspects of affective disturbance, such as anxiety and depression, are independently associated with eating pathology and clinical impairment in eating and other disorders. However, little research has explored these three factors concurrently in relation to eating pathology...
September 14, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Tyler B Mason, Kristin E Heron
Prospective associations between binge eating symptoms (i.e., objective overeating [OOE] and loss of control [LOC] eating) and psychosocial functioning during emerging adulthood were examined using data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We examined associations between OOE and LOC eating and psychosocial functioning variables with and without adjusting for concurrent depressive symptoms. Analyses revealed that OOE at Wave 3 (ages 18-28) was associated with depressive symptoms, social isolation, weight perception, and perceived attractiveness seven years later at Wave 4 (ages 25-35) and LOC eating at Wave 3 was associated with later depressive symptoms, suicidal thoughts, weight perception, social isolation, number of close friends, and sleep difficulty...
September 14, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Hiromi Chiba, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Rieko Sakurai, Takayo Mukai, Hiroko Shintou, Kenshi Koyanagi, Yushiro Yamashita, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Naohisa Uchimura, Toyojiro Matsuishi
Eating disorders (ED) are serious psychosomatic disorders that commonly occur in girls during adolescence. An increase in earlier onset ED has recently been suggested. Therefore, accurate assessment of eating attitudes in children is a necessary part of school mental health. The 26-item Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT-26) is widely used internationally to assess abnormal eating attitudes. The present study aimed to validate the Japanese version of the ChEAT-26. Participants were 7076 school children (aged 10-15years) from large, medium-sized, and small cities, and 44 children with anorexia nervosa...
September 10, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Andréa Poyastro Pinheiro, Maria Angélica Nunes, Natália Bordin Barbieri, Álvaro Vigo, Estela L M Aquino, Sandhi Barreto, Dora Chor, Maria Inês Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association of binge eating behavior (BE) with common mental disorders (CMD). METHOD: Cross sectional investigation of 14,088 adults, aged 35-74years (ELSA-Brasil study). BE was assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID - DSM IV) questions, and psychiatric morbidity with CIS-R (CIS R - Clinical Interview Schedule Revised). Poisson regression was used to estimate the association of BE and psychiatric morbidity...
September 2, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Lauren M O'Brien, Tibor P Palfai
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating, such as the regular inclusion of fruits and vegetables in one's diet, is essential for maintaining optimal weight, maximizing brain and immune system functioning, and reducing the risk for disease. Despite its importance, few students meet recommended guidelines for healthy dietary behavior. The current study was designed to test the efficacy of two ehealth intervention approaches for increasing healthy eating behaviors among university students. METHODS: Student volunteers from an introductory psychology class at a northeastern US university participated for class credit (n=154)...
September 1, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Belinda Bury, Marika Tiggemann, Amy Slater
The study aimed to investigate whether a message informing readers about digital alteration read before exposure to thin ideal advertisements would enhance the effectiveness of disclaimer labels. Participants were 280 female undergraduate students who viewed eleven thin ideal fashion magazine advertisements. Half viewed the advertisements in their original format, and half viewed the same advertisements with a digital alteration disclaimer label. Prior to viewing the advertisements, participants read either a brief message informing them that advertisements are commonly digitally altered, or a control message...
August 30, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Allan Geliebter, Haley McOuatt, Cora B Tetreault, Dorina Kordunova, Kathleen Rice, Gary Zammit, Marci Gluck
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess night eating syndrome (NES) in patients referred for polysomnography and its association with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We also assessed whether participants with OSA were more likely to get up and eat at night, and whether these behaviors were associated with the apnea-hypopnea sleep index (AHI). We additionally examined whether NES and OSA were associated with BMI, and assessed depressed mood among participants with NES or OSA. METHODS: The Night Eating Diagnostic Questionnaire (NEDQ), Zung Depression Scale, and demographic and medical questionnaires were used to evaluate 84 qualified participants...
August 26, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Adina R Lemeshow, Ashley N Gearhardt, Jeanine M Genkinger, William R Corbin
BACKGROUND: While food addiction is well accepted in popular culture and mainstream media, its scientific validity as an addictive behavior is still under investigation. This study evaluated the reliability and validity of the Yale Food Addiction Scale and Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale using data from two community-based convenience samples. METHODS: We assessed the internal and test-retest reliability of the Yale Food Addiction Scale and Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale, and estimated the sensitivity and negative predictive value of the Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale using the Yale Food Addiction Scale as the benchmark...
August 25, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Derek Larkin, Colin R Martin
Individuals make dietary choices each time they consume food or drink, and assign labels to each item, such as un/healthy, high/low in calories, high/low in nutrients. These labels are thought to be snap judgments based on prior, and often limited nutritional knowledge. The aim of this study was to examine the perception of the caloric content of 'healthy' and 'unhealthy' foods. Participants (N=141) rated 53 food images on perceived healthiness/un-healthiness alongside the caloric content. Participants were subdivided into three groups: BMI (normal-weight, overweight, obese)...
August 25, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Marilou Côté, Marie-Pierre Gagnon-Girouard, Véronique Provencher, Catherine Bégin
Restrained eaters and overweight and obese people are prone to increase their food intake during stressful situations. This study examines the impact of a stressful couple discussion on food intake in both spouses, while simultaneously taking into account the effect of BMI and restraint on this association. For 15min, 80 heterosexual couples discussed an aspect that they wanted their partner to change followed by an individual bogus taste test for the purpose of measuring his or her stress-induced food intake...
August 25, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Katherine Schaumberg, Drew Anderson
Measures of dietary restraint do not consistently predict caloric restriction, and these scales appear inadequate for differentiating between healthy and risky restraint in individuals. The current study examined the relationship between self-reported dietary restraint, recent weight loss, body mass index (BMI), and eating pathology in a college sample to determine if dietary restraint coupled with caloric restriction would prove to be a more sensitive marker of eating disorder risk than restraint alone. Participants (N=245) completed a series of measures evaluating dietary restraint, recent weight loss, and eating habits...
August 24, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Lauren Breithaupt, Laura Eickman, Catherine E Byrne, Sarah Fischer
Dissonance-based eating disorder prevention leads to decreases in risk factors for these disorders. Although controlled trials have demonstrated that targeted, manualized programs reduce eating disorder risk, concerns regarding implementation and dissemination remain. A primary concern is the difficulty in adapting programs for a high school setting for populations at highest risk: adolescents. This paper describes the REbeL Peer Education model and assesses the initial pilot trials of the intervention. The program is novel in that it utilizes a voluntary, self-selection model that is sustainable in a high school setting, and focuses on empowerment and effective cognitive dissonance based prevention activities...
August 24, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Bailey P Tackett, Trent A Petrie, Carlin M Anderson
Female athletes often experience sport-environment pressures about weight, eating, and body composition from within the sport environment. One pressure that may be particularly debilitating is being weighed as a requirement of sport participation. Using 414 female collegiate athletes from weight-sensitive sports, we examined the frequency of weigh-ins, weight intentionality, weight-management practices, and eating and nutritional behaviors. Of the 41% of athletes who were weighed, most were done by athletic trainers in private (82%) and prepared by using at least one weight management strategy (75%)...
August 24, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Marisol Mora, Eva Penelo, Rocío Rosés, Marcela L González, Paola Espinoza, Josep Deví, Rosa M Raich
AIMS: As eating disorders have severe consequences, they require prevention. We aimed to compare maladaptive beliefs related to eating disorders by following two programs based on media literacy in adolescents at post-test intervention, and after 6 and 12month-follow-ups. The Male and Female Nutrition and Media Literacy Model preventive program (NUT+MEF+MEM+ML in Spanish) and the Theater Alive program are both based on the same contents, the former being presented in a multimedia and interactive format and the latter in a drama format...
August 20, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Courtney C Simpson, Melissa Kwitowski, Rachel Boutte, Rachel W Gow, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Tweens (children ages ~8-14years) are a relatively recently defined age group, increasingly targeted by marketers. Individuals in this age group are particularly vulnerable to opinions and behaviors presented in media messages, given their level of cognitive and social development. However, little research has examined messages about appearance, food, weight, and exercise in television specifically targeting tweens, despite the popularity of this media type among this age group. This study used a content analytic approach to explore these messages in the five most popular television shows for tweens on the Disney Channel (as of 2015)...
August 5, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Gemma L M Hinchliff, Adrian B Kelly, Gary C K Chan, George C Patton, Joanne Williams
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association of risky dieting amongst adolescent girls with depressed mood, family conflict, and parent-child emotional closeness. METHOD: Grade 6 and 8 females (aged 11-14years, N=4031) were recruited from 231 schools in 30 communities, across three Australian States (Queensland, Victoria, and Western Australia). Key measures were based on the Adolescent Dieting Scale, Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, and widely used short measures of family relationship quality...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Murat Bektas, Ilknur Bektas, Yasemin Selekoğlu, Aslı Akdeniz Kudubes, Sema Sal Altan, Dijle Ayar
This methodological-descriptive-sectional study was performed to assess the validity and reliability of the "Emotional Eating Scale Adapted for Use in Children and Adolescents (EES-C)" scale in Turkey. The sample group of the study was composed of 576 children and adolescents. The data were obtained by using the demographic data collection form and "Emotional Eating Scale Adapted for Use in Children and Adolescents (EES-C)". Cronbach's alpha values for the scale and its subscales were 0.90, 0.86, 0.76 and 0...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Vanessa L Errisuriz, Keryn E Pasch, Cheryl L Perry
Many college students exhibit unhealthy eating behaviors, consuming large quantities of high-fat foods and few fruits and vegetables. Perceived stress has been linked to daily dietary choices among college students; however, this work has been conducted among predominantly white, female populations. The role of perceived stress management in moderating this relationship is unclear. This study investigated the relationship between perceived stress and dietary choices among a diverse sample of male and female college freshmen and assessed whether perceived ability to manage stress moderated this relationship...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
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