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Eating Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777970/understanding-self-concealment-within-a-framework-of-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-body-image-flexibility-conceptual-and-applied-implications
#1
Akihiko Masuda, Janet D Latner, John P Barlie, Kayla Sargent
Although self-concealment has been long recognized in the context of body image disturbance and disordered eating concerns, empirical evidence remains limited. Following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models of disordered eating and body image concerns, the present cross-sectional study examined whether the construct of self-concealment was related to disordered eating and body image concerns. More specifically, we investigated whether eating disorder cognitions and body image flexibility, two factors linked to the maintenance of disordered eating concerns, are uniquely associated with self-concealment, while controlling for key demographic and sociocultural variables...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#2
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777968/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-food-perceptions-and-eating-behavior-using-a-novel-phone-application-in-adults-with-or-without-obesity
#3
Kholoud Alabduljader, Marion Cliffe, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, W Miles Cox, Hans-Peter Kubis
We developed a smart phone application to measure participants' food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25% body fat for males and ≥32% for females)...
May 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763766/breakfast-food-health-and-acute-exercise-effects-on-state-body-image
#4
Jacqueline F Hayes, Grace E Giles, Caroline R Mahoney, Robin B Kanarek
Food intake and exercise have been shown to alter body satisfaction in a state-dependent manner. One-time consumption of food perceived as unhealthy can be detrimental to body satisfaction, whereas an acute bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise can be beneficial. The current study examined the effect of exercise on state body image and appearance-related self-esteem following consumption of isocaloric foods perceived as healthy or unhealthy in 36 female college students (18-30 years old) in the Northeastern United States...
May 10, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753283/relation-of-bmi-and-weight-suppression-to-eating-pathology-in-undergraduates
#5
C Blair Burnette, Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Weight suppression (WS), the difference in one's highest and current adult weight excluding pregnancy, is associated with eating disorder (ED) symptom onset and maintenance. There is increasing evidence that WS is related to ED symptoms in non-clinical samples, but there are no known studies examining the interaction of WS and current body mass index (BMI) in this group. History of overweight is common in those with EDs, and higher weight status often delays identification and treatment. This study examined the interaction of WS and current BMI on body dissatisfaction and eating pathology in undergraduate men and women...
May 5, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751193/adolescents-perceive-a-low-added-sugar-adequate-fiber-diet-to-be-more-satiating-and-equally-palatable-compared-to-a-high-added-sugar-low-fiber-diet-in-a-randomized-crossover-design-controlled-feeding-pilot-trial
#6
Tanya M Halliday, Sarah V Liu, Lori B Moore, Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: High added sugar (AS) intake is associated with obesity and poor diet quality. Guidelines recommended limiting AS to 5-10% of total energy intake, but palatability and feasibility of this AS intake level is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare adolescents' perceptions of hunger, fullness, and palatability in response to a low AS adequate fiber (LASAF; 5% total energy from AS and 13.5 g fiber/1000 kcal) and a high AS low fiber (HASLF; 25% total energy form AS and 8...
May 5, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751192/picky-eating-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-college-students
#7
Jordan M Ellis, Amy T Galloway, Hana F Zickgraf, Matthew C Whited
Picky eating (PE) may be an important individual-level factor related to fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in adulthood. Past studies showing negative relationships between Adult PE and F&V servings and variety have been limited by measurement issues. The purpose of the present study was replicate these relationships in college students using a well-validated F&V screener and comprehensive measure of adult PE. 1219 college students completed an online survey which included measures of adult PE, F&V daily servings, F&V variety, and other eating behaviors...
May 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738943/feasibility-of-group-cognitive-remediation-therapy-in-an-adult-eating-disorder-day-program-in-new-zealand
#8
Marion E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of integrating group Cognitive Remediation Therapy (gCRT) into an eating disorder day program in Auckland, New Zealand. METHOD: A consecutive series of 28 patients took part over an 8-month period in the context of a service audit. Main outcome measures were the Detail and Flexibility Questionnaire (DFlex) and qualitative feedback from patients. RESULTS: Significant shifts in self-report inefficient cognitive style were observed pre/post gCRT with large effect sizes (Cohen's dav ) for both cognitive rigidity and attention to detail outcomes...
May 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#9
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665461/targeting-acceptance-in-the-management-of-food-craving-the-mediating-roles-of-eating-styles-and-thought-suppression
#10
Jaime A Coffino, Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Food craving is now widely considered to be a cognitively motivated state. Acceptance-based treatments are effective in reducing the adverse impact of food cravings on consumption, via a hypothesized decrease in experiential avoidance. The mechanisms that drive the success of acceptance-based management of craving remain to be empirically tested. This study examined the role of eating styles and thought suppression as mediators in the relationship between experiential avoidance and craving. Participants (n = 298, 51...
April 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665460/emotional-intelligence-anxiety-and-emotional-eating-a-deeper-insight-into-a-recently-reported-association
#11
Leehu Zysberg
Recent studies reported a negative association between emotional intelligence (EI: defined here as individual predispositions associated with effective identification and regulation of emotions) and emotional eating. Although theory provides some insights into how the concept represents mechanisms that may serve as protective factors, empirical evidence of the mechanism behind the association has yet to be presented. This study tested a proposed model in which anxiety levels mediate the association between emotional intelligence and emotional-eating patterns in a normative sample of women in Israel...
April 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656049/reinforcing-value-and-hypothetical-behavioral-economic-demand-for-food-and-their-relation-to-bmi
#12
Leonard H Epstein, Rocco A Paluch, Katelyn A Carr, Jennifer L Temple, Warren K Bickel, James MacKillop
Food is a primary reinforcer, and food reinforcement is related to obesity. The reinforcing value of food can be measured by establishing how hard someone will work to get food on progressive-ratio schedules. An alternative way to measure food reinforcement is a hypothetical purchase task which creates behavioral economic demand curves. This paper studies whether reinforcing value and hypothetical behavioral demand approaches are assessing the same or unique aspects of food reinforcement for low (LED) and high (HED) energy density foods using a combination of analytic approaches in females of varying BMI...
April 3, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653301/the-moderating-role-of-resilience-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-binge-eating-symptoms-among-young-adult-women
#13
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Rebecca C Kamody, Sylvia Herbozo, Caroline Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence and young adulthood are developmental periods during the life course that are sometimes associated with heightened stress and engagement in binge eating. Binge eating has been linked to psychiatric comorbidity, poorer physical health, and lower quality of life. However, less is known about protective factors that could buffer against binge eating behaviors. The current study examined the moderating role of resilience on the relationship between perceived stress and binge eating symptoms among emerging adult female college students...
April 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702374/an-exploration-of-the-frequency-location-and-content-of-parents-health-and-weight-focused-conversations-with-their-children-and-associations-with-child-weight-status
#14
Amanda C Trofholz, Allan D Tate, Jerica M Berge
INTRODUCTION: Although parental weight-focused conversations with children have been associated with more unhealthy weight and weight-related outcomes in children and adolescents, little is known about the content and context of these conversations or conversations about healthy eating in the home environment. This study examines the frequency, location, and content of health- and weight-focused conversations in the home environment and examines the association between specific types of health- and weight-focused conversations with child overweight status...
March 29, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631125/%C3%A2-depressive-symptoms-and-weight-loss-behaviors-in-u-s-adults
#15
Elizabeth A Vrany, Misty A W Hawkins, Wei Wu, Jesse C Stewart
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether depressive symptoms are associated with attempting to lose weight and engaging in weight loss behaviors in a large, diverse sample of adults representative of the U.S. POPULATION: <AbstractText Label="METHODS" NlmCategory="METHODS">Respondents were 23,106 adults, free of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, who participated in the 2005-2014 years of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Depressive symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and weight loss variables were obtained from a Weight History Questionnaire...
March 24, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549864/successful-weight-maintainers-among-young-adults-a-ten-year-prospective-population-study
#16
Ulla Kärkkäinen, Linda Mustelin, Anu Raevuori, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors associated with successful weight maintenance over ten years in a prospective general population sample of young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study comprised 2452 women and 2227 men born in 1975-1979 (mean age at baseline 24 years, attrition 27.1%). Weight maintenance was defined as weight maintained within ±5% of baseline body mass index (BMI). We examined the role of various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors in successful weight maintenance...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549863/the-feasibility-of-a-binge-eating-intervention-in-black-women-with-obesity
#17
Rachel W Goode, Melissa A Kalarchian, Linda Craighead, Molly B Conroy, John Wallace, Shaun M Eack, Lora E Burke
INTRODUCTION: U.S. Black women have the highest rates of obesity and report frequent binge eating behaviors. To our knowledge, no intervention research has aimed to treat binge eating specifically among Black women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and preliminary effect of Appetite Awareness Treatment (AAT), an 8-week cognitive-behavioral binge eating intervention, among Black women with obesity, and who report binge eating. METHODS: Participants (N = 31), had a mean (±SD) age of 48...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547826/self-differentiation-and-eating-disorders-in-early-and-middle-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-path-analysis
#18
Karyn Doba, Guillaume Berna, Emilie Constant, Jean-Louis Nandrino
This study examines the impact of self-differentiation, alexithymia and psychological distress on eating disorder symptoms in young and middle adolescence. Four hundred fifty-one adolescents completed self-report measures. Early and middle adolescents were categorized into two groups (12-14 years and 15-17 years) to represent distinct developmental stages. Significant differences were found between younger and older adolescents. The association between low self-differentiation and both eating disorders symptoms and psychological dimensions related to eating attitudes was stronger in early adolescence than in middle adolescence...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544188/do-participants-with-children-age-18-and-under-have-suboptimal-weight-loss
#19
Diane L Rosenbaum, Jocelyn E Remmert, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn
OBJECTIVES: Parenthood is a time marked by behaviors that may promote risk for weight gain, including decreased physical activity and increased unhealthy eating. Little is known about parents in the context of behavioral weight loss, such as whether they differ in weight losses, and related barriers, or behaviors. METHOD: We compared parents of children aged 18 and younger (n = 105) to other participants who did not have children, or whose children were in adulthood (n = 215) in a behavioral weight loss program to evaluate six-month weight losses, and weight loss barriers and behaviors...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524786/the-unique-associations-of-self-criticism-and-shame-proneness-to-symptoms-of-disordered-eating-and-depression
#20
Andrew C Porter, Rachel L Zelkowitz, David A Cole
This study examined the unique associations of shame-proneness and self-criticism to symptoms of disordered eating and depression among 186 undergraduate students. The study also tested the degree to which self-criticism and shame-proneness accounted for the association between disordered eating and depressive symptoms. Both shame-proneness and self-criticism were significantly related to disordered eating and depressive symptoms. Self-criticism was significantly associated with disordered eating and depressive symptoms, over-and-above shame-proneness, but the reverse was not true...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
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